Scott Y Kim

Summary

Affiliation: University of Michigan
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Impaired decision-making ability in subjects with Alzheimer's disease and willingness to participate in research
    Scott Y H Kim
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Rochester School of Medicne and Dentistry, NY 14642, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 159:797-802. 2002
  2. pmc How important is 'accuracy' of surrogate decision-making for research participation?
    Scott Y H Kim
    Center for Bioethics and Social Sciences in Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
    PLoS ONE 8:e54790. 2013
  3. pmc Sham surgery controls in Parkinson's disease clinical trials: views of participants
    Scott Y H Kim
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
    Mov Disord 27:1461-5. 2012
  4. pmc Comparison of enrollees and decliners of Parkinson disease sham surgery trials
    Scott Y H Kim
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109, USA
    Mov Disord 27:506-11. 2012
  5. pmc Effect of public deliberation on attitudes toward surrogate consent for dementia research
    S Y H Kim
    Center for Bioethics and Social Sciences in Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor 48109, USA
    Neurology 77:2097-104. 2011
  6. pmc Variability of judgments of capacity: experience of capacity evaluators in a study of research consent capacity
    Scott Y H Kim
    Center for Bioethics and Social Sciences in Medicine and Dept of Psychiatry, University of Michigan, 300 North Ingalls Street, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
    Psychosomatics 52:346-53. 2011
  7. pmc The ethics of informed consent in Alzheimer disease research
    Scott Y H Kim
    Center for Bioethics and Social Sciences in Medicine, University of Michigan, 300 North Ingalls 7C27, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109, USA
    Nat Rev Neurol 7:410-4. 2011
  8. pmc Assessing the public's views in research ethics controversies: deliberative democracy and bioethics as natural allies
    Scott Y H Kim
    University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
    J Empir Res Hum Res Ethics 4:3-16. 2009
  9. ncbi request reprint Assessing and communicating the risks and benefits of gene transfer clinical trials
    Scott Y H Kim
    Bioethics Program, University of Michigan Medical School, 300 North Ingalls Street, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 0429, USA
    Curr Opin Mol Ther 8:384-9. 2006
  10. pmc Evidence-based ethics for neurology and psychiatry research
    Scott Y H Kim
    Department of Psychiatry, Bioethics Program, and Program for Improving Health Care Decisions, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109, USA
    NeuroRx 1:372-7. 2004

Detail Information

Publications37

  1. ncbi request reprint Impaired decision-making ability in subjects with Alzheimer's disease and willingness to participate in research
    Scott Y H Kim
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Rochester School of Medicne and Dentistry, NY 14642, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 159:797-802. 2002
    ..The authors examined the effects of cognitive and decisional impairment on willingness to participate in research among persons with Alzheimer's disease...
  2. pmc How important is 'accuracy' of surrogate decision-making for research participation?
    Scott Y H Kim
    Center for Bioethics and Social Sciences in Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
    PLoS ONE 8:e54790. 2013
    ....
  3. pmc Sham surgery controls in Parkinson's disease clinical trials: views of participants
    Scott Y H Kim
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
    Mov Disord 27:1461-5. 2012
    ..We interviewed participants of such trials, specifically examining their understanding and attitudes regarding sham surgery...
  4. pmc Comparison of enrollees and decliners of Parkinson disease sham surgery trials
    Scott Y H Kim
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109, USA
    Mov Disord 27:506-11. 2012
    ..Although both are attracted to research because of hopes of personal benefit, this hope is clearly distinguishable from an expectation of benefit and does not imply a failure to understand the main purpose of research...
  5. pmc Effect of public deliberation on attitudes toward surrogate consent for dementia research
    S Y H Kim
    Center for Bioethics and Social Sciences in Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor 48109, USA
    Neurology 77:2097-104. 2011
    ..To assess the informed, deliberative views of the older general public toward a policy of allowing surrogate consent for Alzheimer disease (AD) research...
  6. pmc Variability of judgments of capacity: experience of capacity evaluators in a study of research consent capacity
    Scott Y H Kim
    Center for Bioethics and Social Sciences in Medicine and Dept of Psychiatry, University of Michigan, 300 North Ingalls Street, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
    Psychosomatics 52:346-53. 2011
    ..Assessment of decision-making capacity is a common and important function of psychiatric consultants. However, the sources of variability in evaluators' judgments have not been well characterized...
  7. pmc The ethics of informed consent in Alzheimer disease research
    Scott Y H Kim
    Center for Bioethics and Social Sciences in Medicine, University of Michigan, 300 North Ingalls 7C27, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109, USA
    Nat Rev Neurol 7:410-4. 2011
    ....
  8. pmc Assessing the public's views in research ethics controversies: deliberative democracy and bioethics as natural allies
    Scott Y H Kim
    University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
    J Empir Res Hum Res Ethics 4:3-16. 2009
    ..The potential pitfalls of DD and the means of minimizing them as well as future research directions are also discussed...
  9. ncbi request reprint Assessing and communicating the risks and benefits of gene transfer clinical trials
    Scott Y H Kim
    Bioethics Program, University of Michigan Medical School, 300 North Ingalls Street, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 0429, USA
    Curr Opin Mol Ther 8:384-9. 2006
    ....
  10. pmc Evidence-based ethics for neurology and psychiatry research
    Scott Y H Kim
    Department of Psychiatry, Bioethics Program, and Program for Improving Health Care Decisions, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109, USA
    NeuroRx 1:372-7. 2004
    ..For each of these issues, selected empirical data are reviewed, areas for further inquiry are noted, and the need for development of novel methods for bioethics policy research is discussed...
  11. ncbi request reprint The dilemma of hidden ethical dilemmas
    Scott Y H Kim
    Department of Psychiatry, the Bioethics Program, and the Program for Improving Health Care Decisions, University of Michigan Medical School, 300 North Ingalls, 7C27, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
    Acad Psychiatry 28:168-9. 2004
  12. ncbi request reprint Proxy and surrogate consent in geriatric neuropsychiatric research: update and recommendations
    Scott Y H Kim
    Department of Psychiatry and the Program in Clinical Ethics, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, NY, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 161:797-806. 2004
    ..The authors provide an updated discussion, critique, and recommendations regarding the need for clear legal and regulatory policy on this issue...
  13. pmc Assessing the quality of democratic deliberation: a case study of public deliberation on the ethics of surrogate consent for research
    Raymond de Vries
    University of Michigan, Bioethics Program, Ann Arbor, 300 North Ingalls Street, MI 48109 0429, USA
    Soc Sci Med 70:1896-903. 2010
    ..We demonstrate that DD can be reliably used to elicit opinions of the public and show how analysis of the quality of deliberations can offer insight into the ways opinions about ethical dilemmas are formed and changed...
  14. ncbi request reprint Benefits and burdens of placebos in psychiatric research
    Scott Y H Kim
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, 300 Crittenden Boulevard, Rochester, NY 14642, USA
    Psychopharmacology (Berl) 171:13-8. 2003
    ..Current practice permits placebos in such settings, as long as the benefits outweigh the risks and burdens...
  15. pmc Returning individual research results: development of a cancer genetics education and risk communication protocol
    J Scott Roberts
    Department of Health Behavior and Health Education, University of Michigan School of Public Health, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 2029, USA
    J Empir Res Hum Res Ethics 5:17-30. 2010
    ....
  16. pmc Deliberative assessment of surrogate consent in dementia research
    Scott Y H Kim
    Bioethics Program, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
    Alzheimers Dement 6:342-50. 2010
    ..We therefore assessed the impact of democratic deliberation (DD), involving balanced, detailed education and peer deliberation, on the views of those responsible for persons with dementia...
  17. doi request reprint Trust in early phase research: therapeutic optimism and protective pessimism
    Scott Y H Kim
    Department of Psychiatry, the Bioethics Program, The Center for Behavioral and Decision Sciences in Medicine, University of Michigan, 300 North Ingalls Street, 7C27, Ann Arbor, MI, 48109, USA
    Med Health Care Philos 11:393-401. 2008
    ..We discuss this discrepancy using "frameworks of trust" and demonstrate the need to incorporate these frameworks into the existing model of informed consent...
  18. ncbi request reprint Determining when impairment constitutes incapacity for informed consent in schizophrenia research
    Scott Y H Kim
    Department of Psychiatry, Bioethics Program, and Center for Behavioral and Decision Sciences in Medicine, University of Michigan, 300 North Ingalls, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 0429, and Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, USA
    Br J Psychiatry 191:38-43. 2007
    ..Although people with schizophrenia display impaired abilities for consent, it is not known how much impairment constitutes incapacity...
  19. pmc Advance directives and outcomes of surrogate decision making before death
    Maria J Silveira
    Veterans Affairs Center for Clinical Management Research, and Division of General Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA
    N Engl J Med 362:1211-8. 2010
    ..Recent discussions about health care reform have raised questions regarding the value of advance directives...
  20. ncbi request reprint The capacity to appoint a proxy and the possibility of concurrent proxy directives
    Scott Y H Kim
    University of Michigan Bioethics Program, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 0429, USA
    Behav Sci Law 24:469-78. 2006
    ..We first propose a rationale for assessing the capacity to appoint a proxy and then describe a novel interview instrument for assessing the capacity to appoint a proxy for research consent...
  21. ncbi request reprint Science and ethics of sham surgery: a survey of Parkinson disease clinical researchers
    Scott Y H Kim
    Department of Psychiatry, Bioethics Program, Center for Behavioral and Decision Sciences in Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, 48109, USA
    Arch Neurol 62:1357-60. 2005
    ..Sham surgery is used in neurosurgical clinical trials in Parkinson disease (PD) but remains controversial. The controversy may be compounded when gene-transfer technologies are tested in sham surgical trials...
  22. pmc When does decisional impairment become decisional incompetence? Ethical and methodological issues in capacity research in schizophrenia
    Scott Y H Kim
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Michigan, 300 North Ingalls Street, 7C27, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
    Schizophr Bull 32:92-7. 2006
    ..Future research needs are outlined...
  23. ncbi request reprint What do people at risk for Alzheimer disease think about surrogate consent for research?
    Scott Y H Kim
    Department of Psychiatry, Center for Behavioral and Decision Sciences in Medicine, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
    Neurology 65:1395-401. 2005
    ..Research involving decisionally incapable adults remains an unsettled and controversial policy issue, especially for protocols that involve significant risk to participants. Few data exist to guide policymakers and IRBs..
  24. ncbi request reprint Do clinicians follow a risk-sensitive model of capacity-determination? An experimental video survey
    Scott Y H Kim
    Dept of Psychiatry, the Bioethics Program, and the Center for Behavioral and Decision Sciences in Medicine, Univ of Michigan, MI, USA
    Psychosomatics 47:325-9. 2006
    ..Thus, clinicians, in fact, use the normative risk-sensitive model for capacity, but there remains considerable unexplained variability in their judgments...
  25. pmc Is psychiatric research stigmatized? An experimental survey of the public
    Jordana R Muroff
    Center for Behavioral and Decision Sciences in Medicine, University of Michigan, USA
    Schizophr Bull 32:129-36. 2006
    ..Policymakers and institutional review board members may need to guard against its influence in their deliberations...
  26. ncbi request reprint Current state of research on decision-making competence of cognitively impaired elderly persons
    Scott Y H Kim
    Department of Psychiatry, Division of Medical Humanities, University of Rochester School of Medicine, NY 14642, USA
    Am J Geriatr Psychiatry 10:151-65. 2002
    ..It is beginning to yield findings with practical implications for preserving the autonomy and welfare of this group of vulnerable elderly patients...
  27. pmc Long term understanding of study information in research participants with Parkinson's disease
    Bernard Ravina
    University of Rochester, School of Medicine and Dentistry, Department of Neurology, Rochester, NY 14610, USA
    Parkinsonism Relat Disord 16:60-3. 2010
    ..Little is known about research participants' understanding of consent information over the course of a clinical study and the relationship of this information with participant behavior...
  28. ncbi request reprint Burdens and benefits of placebos in antidepressant clinical trials: a decision and cost-effectiveness analysis
    Scott Y H Kim
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, Rochester, NY 14642, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 160:1272-6. 2003
    ..The authors assessed the cost-effectiveness of entering such a trial from the perspective of potential subjects...
  29. pmc Trends in the prevalence and mortality of cognitive impairment in the United States: is there evidence of a compression of cognitive morbidity?
    Kenneth M Langa
    Division of General Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
    Alzheimers Dement 4:134-44. 2008
    ..To assess the impact of these multiple trends, we compared the prevalence and 2-year mortality of cognitive impairment (CI) consistent with dementia in the United States in 1993 to 1995 and 2002 to 2004...
  30. ncbi request reprint Utility and limits of the mini mental state examination in evaluating consent capacity in Alzheimer's disease
    Scott Y H Kim
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, Rochester, NY 14642, USA
    Psychiatr Serv 53:1322-4. 2002
    ..Nevertheless, there may still be approaches that enhance the practical utility of the MMSE in capacity assessment...
  31. doi request reprint Interpreting the clinical significance of capacity scores for informed consent in Alzheimer disease clinical trials
    Jason Karlawish
    Department of Medicine, Alzheimer s Disease Center, Leonard Davis Institute for Health Economics, Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Pennsylvania, School of Medicine, PA, USA
    Am J Geriatr Psychiatry 16:568-74. 2008
    ..Among Alzheimer disease (AD) patients enrolled in a clinical trial, the authors assessed the ability of a standardized capacity assessment procedure to identify persons who are capable of giving their own informed consent...
  32. ncbi request reprint Appointing a proxy for research consent after one develops dementia: the need for further study
    Scott Y H Kim
    Neurology 66:1298-9. 2006
  33. ncbi request reprint Ethics and politics of research involving subjects with impaired decision-making abilities
    Scott Y H Kim
    Neurology 61:1645-6. 2003
  34. ncbi request reprint Ethics of sham surgery: perspective of patients
    Samuel A Frank
    Department of Neurology, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Mov Disord 23:63-8. 2008
    ..Future research needs to determine whether eliciting more considered judgments of laypersons would reveal different levels of support for sham surgery...
  35. ncbi request reprint What is the risk of sham surgery in Parkinson disease clinical trials? A review of published reports
    Samuel Frank
    Boston University, MA, USA
    Neurology 65:1101-3. 2005
    ..Placebo surgeries were generally safe and well tolerated but the number of subjects receiving the procedure was small. Harm occurred more frequently in subjects randomized to the experimental intervention...
  36. doi request reprint The views of Alzheimer disease patients and their study partners on proxy consent for clinical trial enrollment
    Jason Karlawish
    Department of Medicine, Alzheimer s Disease Center, Leonard Davis Institute for Health Economics, University of Pennsylvania, School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Am J Geriatr Psychiatry 16:240-7. 2008
    ..To examine the views of Alzheimer disease (AD) patients and their study partners on the ethics of proxy consent for clinical research...
  37. ncbi request reprint The sham surgery debate and the moral complexity of risk-benefit analysis
    Scott Y H Kim
    University of Rochester
    Am J Bioeth 3:68-70. 2003

Research Grants12

  1. Competence to Consent in Schizophrenia Research
    Scott Kim; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  2. Therapeutic Misconception and the Ethics of Sham Surgery Controls in PD Research
    Scott Y Kim; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Specifically, the results of this study will provide important insights into how to minimize or even eliminate serious misconceptions or misunderstandings on the part of participants that may compromise the quality of their consent. ..
  3. Capacity to Appoint a Proxy for Research Consent
    Scott Kim; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..abstract_text> ..
  4. Therapeutic Misconception and the Ethics of Sham Surgery Controls in PD Research
    Scott Kim; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Specifically, the results of this study will provide important insights into how to minimize or even eliminate serious misconceptions or misunderstandings on the part of participants that may compromise the quality of their consent. ..
  5. Ethics of Surrogate Consent for Dementia Research
    Scott Kim; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  6. Ethics of Surrogate Consent for Dementia Research
    Scott Kim; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....
  7. Capacity to Appoint a Proxy for Research Consent
    Scott Kim; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  8. Ethics of Surrogate Consent for Dementia Research
    Scott Y Kim; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....