C I Kiefe

Summary

Affiliation: University of Alabama at Birmingham
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc Does delayed measurement affect patient reports of provider performance? Implications for performance measurement of medical assistance with tobacco cessation: a Dental PBRN study
    Thomas K Houston
    Deep South Center on Effectiveness Research, a VA HSR and D REAP, Birmingham VA Medical Center, Birmingham, AL, USA
    BMC Health Serv Res 8:100. 2008
  2. pmc Does interhospital transfer improve outcome of acute myocardial infarction? A propensity score analysis from the Cardiovascular Cooperative Project
    John M Westfall
    University of Colorado Denver Anschutz Medical Campus, Denver, Colorado, USA
    BMC Cardiovasc Disord 8:22. 2008
  3. pmc Ten-year changes in smoking among young adults: are racial differences explained by socioeconomic factors in the CARDIA study?
    C I Kiefe
    Department of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 1717 11th Ave S, MT 700, Birmingham, AL 35205 4785, USA
    Am J Public Health 91:213-8. 2001
  4. ncbi request reprint Changes in US health care access in the 90s: race and income differences from the CARDIA Study. Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults
    C I Kiefe
    University of Alabama at Birmingham, 35205 4785, USA
    Ethn Dis 10:418-31. 2000
  5. ncbi request reprint Compliance with post-hospitalization follow-up visits: rationing by inconvenience?
    C I Kiefe
    University of Alabama at Birmingham, 35205 4785, USA
    Ethn Dis 9:387-95. 1999
  6. ncbi request reprint Improving quality improvement using achievable benchmarks for physician feedback: a randomized controlled trial
    C I Kiefe
    University of Alabama at Birmingham, 1717 11th Ave S, MT 700, Birmingham, AL 35205 4785, USA
    JAMA 285:2871-9. 2001
  7. ncbi request reprint Prophylactic value of preincision intra-aortic balloon pump: analysis of a statewide experience
    W L Holman
    Departments of Surgery, Medicine, and Anesthesiology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham
    J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 120:1112-9. 2000
  8. pmc Incarceration, incident hypertension, and access to health care: findings from the coronary artery risk development in young adults (CARDIA) study
    Emily A Wang
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, Box 1364, SFGH Bldg 10, WD 13 1313, San Francisco, CA 94143 1364, USA
    Arch Intern Med 169:687-93. 2009
  9. ncbi request reprint Regional disparities in the incidence of elevated blood pressure among young adults: the CARDIA study
    C I Kiefe
    University of Alabama at Birmingham, Division of Preventive Medicine, and Birmingham VA Medical Center, 35205 4785, USA
    Circulation 96:1082-8. 1997
  10. ncbi request reprint Identifying achievable benchmarks of care: concepts and methodology
    C I Kiefe
    Department of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 35205 4785, USA
    Int J Qual Health Care 10:443-7. 1998

Research Grants

Detail Information

Publications88

  1. pmc Does delayed measurement affect patient reports of provider performance? Implications for performance measurement of medical assistance with tobacco cessation: a Dental PBRN study
    Thomas K Houston
    Deep South Center on Effectiveness Research, a VA HSR and D REAP, Birmingham VA Medical Center, Birmingham, AL, USA
    BMC Health Serv Res 8:100. 2008
    ..Current standards, e.g. HEDIS, use delayed patient measures that may over or under-estimate overall performance...
  2. pmc Does interhospital transfer improve outcome of acute myocardial infarction? A propensity score analysis from the Cardiovascular Cooperative Project
    John M Westfall
    University of Colorado Denver Anschutz Medical Campus, Denver, Colorado, USA
    BMC Cardiovasc Disord 8:22. 2008
    ..The purpose of this study was to compare processes and outcomes of AMI care among patients undergoing interhospital transfer with special attention to the impact on mortality in rural hospitals...
  3. pmc Ten-year changes in smoking among young adults: are racial differences explained by socioeconomic factors in the CARDIA study?
    C I Kiefe
    Department of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 1717 11th Ave S, MT 700, Birmingham, AL 35205 4785, USA
    Am J Public Health 91:213-8. 2001
    ..This study investigated whether socioeconomic factors explain racial/ethnic differences in regular smoking initiation and cessation...
  4. ncbi request reprint Changes in US health care access in the 90s: race and income differences from the CARDIA Study. Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults
    C I Kiefe
    University of Alabama at Birmingham, 35205 4785, USA
    Ethn Dis 10:418-31. 2000
    ..Health care financing is changing rapidly in the United States. We investigated whether and how health care access is changing concurrently with changes in financing, with special attention to a minority population...
  5. ncbi request reprint Compliance with post-hospitalization follow-up visits: rationing by inconvenience?
    C I Kiefe
    University of Alabama at Birmingham, 35205 4785, USA
    Ethn Dis 9:387-95. 1999
    ..We investigated how health care system and patient characteristics influence appointment-keeping after discharge from an acute care hospitalization...
  6. ncbi request reprint Improving quality improvement using achievable benchmarks for physician feedback: a randomized controlled trial
    C I Kiefe
    University of Alabama at Birmingham, 1717 11th Ave S, MT 700, Birmingham, AL 35205 4785, USA
    JAMA 285:2871-9. 2001
    ..Achievable Benchmarks of Care (ABCs) are standards of excellence attained by top performers in a peer group and are easily and reproducibly calculated from existing performance data...
  7. ncbi request reprint Prophylactic value of preincision intra-aortic balloon pump: analysis of a statewide experience
    W L Holman
    Departments of Surgery, Medicine, and Anesthesiology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham
    J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 120:1112-9. 2000
    ....
  8. pmc Incarceration, incident hypertension, and access to health care: findings from the coronary artery risk development in young adults (CARDIA) study
    Emily A Wang
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, Box 1364, SFGH Bldg 10, WD 13 1313, San Francisco, CA 94143 1364, USA
    Arch Intern Med 169:687-93. 2009
    ..Incarceration is associated with increased cardiovascular disease mortality, but prospective studies exploring mechanisms of this association are lacking...
  9. ncbi request reprint Regional disparities in the incidence of elevated blood pressure among young adults: the CARDIA study
    C I Kiefe
    University of Alabama at Birmingham, Division of Preventive Medicine, and Birmingham VA Medical Center, 35205 4785, USA
    Circulation 96:1082-8. 1997
    ..Within the United States, little is known about regional disparities in blood pressure (BP), their changes over time, or explanations for their existence...
  10. ncbi request reprint Identifying achievable benchmarks of care: concepts and methodology
    C I Kiefe
    Department of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 35205 4785, USA
    Int J Qual Health Care 10:443-7. 1998
    ..The ABC methodology has been well accepted in multiple quality improvement projects. This approach lends objectivity and reliability to benchmarks that have been a widely used, but until now, arbitrarily defined tool...
  11. pmc Sex differences in mortality after acute myocardial infarction: changes from 1994 to 2006
    Viola Vaccarino
    Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30306, USA
    Arch Intern Med 169:1767-74. 2009
    ..Previous studies have shown that women younger than 55 years have higher hospital mortality rates after acute myocardial infarction (MI) than age-matched men. We examined whether such mortality differences have decreased in recent years...
  12. ncbi request reprint Relationship of hospital teaching status with quality of care and mortality for Medicare patients with acute MI
    J J Allison
    University of Alabama at Birmingham, 1530 Third Ave S, MEB 621, Birmingham, AL 35294 3296, USA
    JAMA 284:1256-62. 2000
    ..Issues of cost and quality are gaining importance in the delivery of medical care, and whether quality of care is better in teaching vs nonteaching hospitals is an essential question in this current national debate...
  13. ncbi request reprint Association of consultation between generalists and cardiologists with quality and outcomes of heart failure care
    Ali Ahmed
    aDivision of Gerontology and Geriatric Medicine, Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, Center for Aging, University of Alabama at Birmingham, USA
    Am Heart J 145:1086-93. 2003
    ..The objective of this retrospective cohort study was to determine whether consultation between generalists and cardiologists was associated with better quality and outcomes of HF care...
  14. ncbi request reprint Weight gain continues in the 1990s: 10-year trends in weight and overweight from the CARDIA study. Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults
    C E Lewis
    Division of Preventive Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 35205, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 151:1172-81. 2000
    ..Secular trends for weight gain are continuing in CARDIA, but the magnitude of weight gain differed among the four race-sex groups...
  15. ncbi request reprint Racial disparities in osteoporosis prevention in a managed care population
    Amy S Mudano
    Department of Medicine and Center for Education and Research on Therapeutics of Musculoskeletal Disorders, Division of Continuing Medical Education, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 35294 3408, USA
    South Med J 96:445-51. 2003
    ..However, it is unknown whether osteoporosis treatment or bone mineral density (BMD) measurement is different in these women, particularly in those at highest risk...
  16. ncbi request reprint Use of emergency medical services in acute myocardial infarction and subsequent quality of care: observations from the National Registry of Myocardial Infarction 2
    John G Canto
    Chest Pain Center and Division of Cardiovascular Diseases, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 35294 0012, USA
    Circulation 106:3018-23. 2002
    ..We examined use of the EMS in the United States and ascertained the factors that may influence its use by patients with acute MI...
  17. doi request reprint Long-term risk of mortality and end-stage renal disease among the elderly after small increases in serum creatinine level during hospitalization for acute myocardial infarction
    Britt B Newsome
    Division of Nephrology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA
    Arch Intern Med 168:609-16. 2008
    ..We assessed the relationship between change in serum creatinine levels up to 3.0 mg/dL and death and ESRD among elderly survivors of hospitalization for acute myocardial infarction...
  18. ncbi request reprint A hypertension control program tailored to unskilled and minority workers
    M N Fouad
    Department of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham 35205 4785, USA
    Ethn Dis 7:191-9. 1997
    ..The mean age of the underlying population was 36 years, 89% were blue-collar or unskilled workers, 50% were African Americans and 20% were female...
  19. pmc Internet delivered support for tobacco control in dental practice: randomized controlled trial
    Thomas K Houston
    Surgical and Medical Acute care and Advanced illness Research and Transition sciences SMAART Center, VA HSR and D REAP, Birmingham VA Medical Center, Birmingham, AL, USA
    J Med Internet Res 10:e38. 2008
    ..The dental visit is a unique opportunity for tobacco control. Despite evidence of effectiveness in dental settings, brief provider-delivered cessation advice is underutilized...
  20. pmc Illicit drug use in young adults and subsequent decline in general health: the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study
    Stefan G Kertesz
    Division of Preventive Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham School of Medicine, 1530 3rd Ave South, MT608, Birmingham, AL 35294 4410, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 88:224-33. 2007
    ..We assessed whether drug use predicted decline in general self-rated health (GSRH) in a community-based cohort, healthy at baseline...
  21. ncbi request reprint Younger stroke survivors have reduced access to physician care and medications: National Health Interview Survey from years 1998 to 2002
    Deborah A Levine
    Deep South Center on Effectiveness Research, Birmingham Veterans Affairs Medical Center, USA
    Arch Neurol 64:37-42. 2007
    ..Younger stroke survivors may have reduced access to physician care and medications because they are more frequently uninsured...
  22. ncbi request reprint Disparities by insurance status in quality of care for elderly patients with unstable angina
    Salpy V Pamboukian
    Division of Cardiovascular Disease, The University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham 35294, USA
    Ethn Dis 16:799-807. 2006
    ..Treatment disparities for socioeconomically disadvantaged populations have been widely reported, but few studies have sought explanations for these disparities...
  23. pmc Active and passive smoking and development of glucose intolerance among young adults in a prospective cohort: CARDIA study
    Thomas K Houston
    Deep South Center on Effectiveness Research, Birmingham Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Birmingham, AL, USA
    BMJ 332:1064-9. 2006
    ..To assess whether active and passive smokers are more likely than non-smokers to develop clinically relevant glucose intolerance or diabetes...
  24. pmc Measuring resident physicians' performance of preventive care. Comparing chart review with patient survey
    Katri P Palonen
    The HSR and D Research Enhancement Award Program, Birmingham VA Medical Center, Birmingham, AL, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 21:226-30. 2006
    ..The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education has suggested various methods for evaluation of practice-based learning and improvement competency, but data on implementation of these methods are limited...
  25. pmc Improving physician performance through Internet-based interventions: who will participate?
    Terry C Wall
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Alabama, Birmingham, AL, USA
    J Med Internet Res 7:e48. 2005
    ..The availability of Internet-based continuing medical education is rapidly increasing, but little is known about recruitment of physicians to these interventions...
  26. ncbi request reprint Delay in time to receipt of thrombolytic medication among Medicare patients with kidney disease
    Britt B Newsome
    Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, Birmingham Veterans Affairs Medical Center, University of Alabama, Birmingham, AL, USA
    Am J Kidney Dis 46:595-602. 2005
    ..Our goal is to identify potential differences in thrombolytic medication delays and thrombolytic-associated bleeding events by severity of kidney disease...
  27. pmc Differences in preventive health quality by residency year. Is seniority better?
    Lisa L Willett
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Alabama, Birmingham, Alabama 35294 0012, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 20:825-9. 2005
    ..It is assumed that the performance of more senior residents is superior to that of interns, but this has not been assessed objectively...
  28. ncbi request reprint Chlamydia screening of at-risk young women in managed health care: characteristics of top-performing primary care offices
    Midge N Ray
    Department of Health Services Administration, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama 35294 3361, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 32:382-6. 2005
    ..We linked administrative data with physician data from the American Medical Association physician survey to identify characteristics of primary care offices associated with best chlamydia screening practices...
  29. ncbi request reprint Medication assistance programs: do all in need benefit equally?
    Maria Pisu
    The University of Alabama at Birmingham, Deep South Musculoskeletal Center for Research and Education in Therapeutics, Division of Preventive Medicine, 1530 3rd Ave South, MT 628, Birmingham, Alabama 35294 4410, USA
    Ethn Dis 20:339-45. 2010
    ..To determine if medication assistance programs (MAPs) provided by pharmaceutical companies were used differently by African Americans and Whites...
  30. ncbi request reprint Reduced medication access: a marker for vulnerability in US stroke survivors
    Deborah A Levine
    Deep South Center on Effectiveness Research, Birmingham VA Medical Center, AL, USA
    Stroke 38:1557-64. 2007
    ..Medication access is crucial to secondary stroke prevention. We assessed medication access and associated barriers to care across region and time in a national sample of US stroke survivors...
  31. ncbi request reprint Survival advantage of black patients with kidney disease after acute myocardial infarction
    Britt B Newsome
    Center for Outcomes Effectiveness Research and Education, School of Public Health, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA
    Clin J Am Soc Nephrol 1:993-9. 2006
    ..Further investigation into the reasons for ethnic differences in survival and progression of kidney disease is warranted...
  32. ncbi request reprint Identifying top-performing hospitals by algorithm: results from a demonstration project
    Jeroan J Allison
    Division of General Internal Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham School of Medicine, Birmingham, Alabama, USA
    Jt Comm J Qual Patient Saf 34:309-17. 2008
    ..Because of the move toward performance-based reimbursement, identification of top-performing hospitals has acquired new importance...
  33. doi request reprint Racial differences in the competing risks of mortality and ESRD after acute myocardial infarction
    Britt B Newsome
    Center for Outcomes Effectiveness Research and Education, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA
    Am J Kidney Dis 52:251-61. 2008
    ..This is counterintuitive given the known 4-fold greater incidence of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) in African Americans. We describe racial differences in the rate of progression to ESRD and address the competing risk of mortality...
  34. pmc Characteristics that predict physician participation in a Web-based CME activity: the MI-Plus study
    Michael J Schoen
    Division of Continuing Medical Education, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294 0019, USA
    J Contin Educ Health Prof 29:246-53. 2009
    ....
  35. pmc Alcohol consumption in young adults and incident hypertension: 20-year follow-up from the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults Study
    Jewell H Halanych
    University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama 35294 4410, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 171:532-9. 2010
    ..Future studies should include social factors, such as income and education, and consider additional characteristics that may modify or confound associations between alcohol and blood pressure...
  36. pmc Validity versus feasibility for quality of care indicators: expert panel results from the MI-Plus study
    Adolfo Peña
    C SMART Center for Surgical, Medical Acute care Research and Transitions, Birmingham VA Medical Center, 700 South 19th Street, Birmingham, AL 35233, USA
    Int J Qual Health Care 22:201-9. 2010
    ..In the choice and definition of quality of care indicators, there may be an inherent tension between feasibility, generally enhanced by simplicity, and validity, generally enhanced by accounting for clinical complexity...
  37. pmc Physician and patient influences on provider performance: β-blockers in postmyocardial infarction management in the MI-Plus study
    Ellen Funkhouser
    Division of Preventive Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Alabama Birmingham, 1717 11th Ave S, Birmingham, AL 35205, USA
    Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes 4:99-106. 2011
    ..We assessed how variability in providing β-blockers to ambulatory postmyocardial infarction (MI) patients was influenced by physician and patient level characteristics...
  38. ncbi request reprint Racial/ethnic disparities in patient-reported nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drug (NSAID) risk awareness, patient-doctor NSAID risk communication, and NSAID risk behavior
    Rachel B Fry
    University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA
    Arthritis Rheum 57:1539-45. 2007
    ..Little is known about NSAID-related ethnic/racial disparities. We focused on differences in patient NSAID risk awareness, patient-doctor NSAID risk communication, and NSAID risk-avoidance behavior...
  39. pmc Patient complexity: more than comorbidity. the vector model of complexity
    Monika M Safford
    Deep South Center on Effectiveness at the Birmingham VA Medical Center, Birmingham, AL, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 22:382-90. 2007
    ..The conceptualization of patient complexity is just beginning in clinical medicine...
  40. ncbi request reprint Multiple measures of provider participation in Internet delivered interventions
    Thomas K Houston
    Division of General Internal Medicine, School of Public Health, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham VA Medical Center 35294 3407, USA
    Stud Health Technol Inform 129:1401-5. 2007
    ..Participation assessment of internet-delivered interventions varies by the selection of measure and factor. Further research assessing the potential for these measures to predict intervention effectiveness is needed...
  41. ncbi request reprint Multicomponent Internet continuing medical education to promote chlamydia screening
    Jeroan J Allison
    Division of General Internal Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 720 Faculty Office Tower, 1530 3rd Avenue South, Birmingham, AL 35294 3407, USA
    Am J Prev Med 28:285-90. 2005
    ..Low Chlamydia trachomatis screening rates create an opportunity to test innovative continuing medical education (CME) programs. Few studies of Internet-based physician learning have been evaluated with objective data on practice patterns...
  42. ncbi request reprint Atypical presentations among Medicare beneficiaries with unstable angina pectoris
    John G Canto
    The Chest Pain Center, Birmingham, Alabama, USA
    Am J Cardiol 90:248-53. 2002
    ..National educational initiatives may need to redefine the classic presentation of UAP to include atypical presentations to ensure appropriate quality of care...
  43. ncbi request reprint Comorbidity independently predicted death in older prostate cancer patients, more of whom died with than from their disease
    Mona N Fouad
    Division of Preventive Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 1530 3rd Avenue South, MT 618, Birmingham, AL 35294 4410, USA
    J Clin Epidemiol 57:721-9. 2004
    ..The purpose of this study was to examine the proportion of men who died from prostate cancer (PrCa) vs. with PrCa and assess the comorbid conditions associated with other-cause deaths...
  44. ncbi request reprint Survival benefits of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors in older heart failure patients with perceived contraindications
    Ali Ahmed
    Division of Gerontology and Geriatric Medicine, Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, USA
    J Am Geriatr Soc 50:1659-66. 2002
    ..To determine the association between angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor therapy and survival of older heart failure patients with conditions perceived by physicians as contraindications to ACE inhibitors...
  45. ncbi request reprint Diffusion of troponin testing in unstable angina patients: adoption prior to guideline release
    Robert M Centor
    Division of General Internal Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 1530 3rd Avenue South, FOT 720, Birmingham, AL 35294 3407, USA
    J Clin Epidemiol 56:1236-43. 2003
    ....
  46. ncbi request reprint Do local opinion leaders augment hospital quality improvement efforts? A randomized trial to promote adherence to unstable angina guidelines
    Eta S Berner
    Center for Outcomes and Effectiveness Research and Education, School of Health Related Professions, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 35294, USA
    Med Care 41:420-31. 2003
    ..The influence of an opinion leader intervention on adherence to Unstable Angina (UA) guidelines compared with a traditional quality improvement model was investigated...
  47. ncbi request reprint Nurse staffing and mortality for Medicare patients with acute myocardial infarction
    Sharina D Person
    Division of Preventive Medicine, Center for Outcomes and Effectiveness Research and Education, Birmingham, Alabama, USA
    Med Care 42:4-12. 2004
    ..Recent hospital reductions in registered nurses (RNs) for hospital care raise concerns about patient outcomes...
  48. pmc Alabama coronary artery bypass grafting project: results from phase II of a statewide quality improvement initiative
    William L Holman
    Birmingham VA Medical Center, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA
    Ann Surg 239:99-109. 2004
    ..This report describes the first round of results for Phase II of the Alabama CABG Project, a regional quality improvement initiative...
  49. ncbi request reprint Predictors of wound infection in ventral hernia repair
    Kelly R Finan
    Department of Surgery, University of Alabama, Birmingham, AL, USA
    Am J Surg 190:676-81. 2005
    ..Postoperative wound infection is a significant risk factor for recurrence after ventral hernia repair (VHR). The current study examines patient- and procedure-specific variables associated with wound infection...
  50. ncbi request reprint Alabama coronary artery bypass grafting project: results of a statewide quality improvement initiative
    W L Holman
    Department of Surgery, University of Alabama School of Medicine, 703 S 19th St, ZRB 719, Birmingham, AL 35294 0007, USA
    JAMA 285:3003-10. 2001
    ..However, the best methodological approach to improvement is under debate...
  51. ncbi request reprint Measuring health care quality: comparing and contrasting the medical and the marketing approaches
    Michael R Bowers
    Management Marketing and Industrial Distribution Department, School of Business, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 35294 4410, USA
    Am J Med Qual 17:136-44. 2002
    ..It is conceptually feasible to integrate medical and marketing approaches to quality, with important insights resulting from this integration...
  52. doi request reprint Pharmaceuticals companies' medication assistance programs: potentially useful but too burdensome to use?
    Maria Pisu
    Center for Outcomes and Effectiveness Research and Education and Division of Preventive Medicine, Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA
    South Med J 102:139-44. 2009
    ..This study examined how physicians perceive pharmaceutical companies' medication assistance programs (MAPs)...
  53. doi request reprint The importance of measuring competency-based outcomes: standard evaluation measures are not surrogates for clinical performance of internal medicine residents
    Lisa L Willett
    Department of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 1530 Third Avenue South, Birmingham, AL 35294 0012, USA
    Teach Learn Med 21:87-93. 2009
    ..Despite recent emphasis on educational outcomes, program directors still rely on standard evaluation techniques such as tests of knowledge and subjective ratings...
  54. ncbi request reprint Post-myocardial infarction smoking cessation counseling: associations with immediate and late mortality in older Medicare patients
    Thomas K Houston
    Deep South Center on Effectiveness, a HSR and D Research Enhancement Award Program, Birmingham Veterans Affairs Medical Center, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 35294 3407, USA
    Am J Med 118:269-75. 2005
    ..To assess the difference in immediate (30 and 60 days after admission) and late (2-year) mortality between those who received inpatient post-myocardial infarction smoking cessation counseling and those who did not receive counseling...
  55. pmc Chronic disease as a barrier to breast and cervical cancer screening
    C I Kiefe
    University of Alabama at Birmingham, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, 35205-4785, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 13:357-65. 1998
    ..CONCLUSIONS: Among women who sought outpatient care, screening rates decreased as comorbidity increased. Whether clinicians and patients are making appropriate decisions about screening is not known...
  56. ncbi request reprint Anthrax attacks and practice patterns: a learning opportunity for health care systems
    Jessica W Jones
    Birmingham VAMC, Birmingham, Alabama, USA
    Qual Manag Health Care 10:31-9. 2002
    ..4 observed approximately one year earlier (p = 0.058). Acute sociopolitical events such as bioterrorist attacks present a unique opportunity to investigate changes in health care...
  57. ncbi request reprint Long-term prognostic importance of total cholesterol in elderly survivors of an acute myocardial infarction: the Cooperative Cardiovascular Pilot Project
    JoAnne Micale Foody
    Section of Cardiovascular Medicine, Department of Medicine, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, USA
    J Am Geriatr Soc 51:930-6. 2003
    ..To determine the long-term prognostic importance of in-hospital total serum cholesterol in elderly survivors of acute myocardial infarction (AMI)...
  58. ncbi request reprint Report of the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute working group on outcomes research in cardiovascular disease
    Harlan M Krumholz
    Department of Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, Yale New Haven Health Center for Outcomes Research and Evaluation, New Haven, CT, USA
    Circulation 111:3158-66. 2005
    ..The working group concluded that a dedicated investment in CV outcomes research could directly improve the care delivered in the United States...
  59. ncbi request reprint Challenges in improving the quality of osteoporosis care for long-term glucocorticoid users: a prospective randomized trial
    Jeffrey R Curtis
    Center for Education and Research on Therapeutics of Musculoskeletal Diseases, University of Alabama at Birmingham, AL 35294, USA
    Arch Intern Med 167:591-6. 2007
    ....
  60. ncbi request reprint Understanding cancer treatment and outcomes: the Cancer Care Outcomes Research and Surveillance Consortium
    John Z Ayanian
    Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA
    J Clin Oncol 22:2992-6. 2004
  61. ncbi request reprint Depressive symptoms, unemployment, and loss of income: The CARDIA Study
    Mary A Whooley
    Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, 4150 Clement St Mail Stop 111A1, San Francisco, CA 94121
    Arch Intern Med 162:2614-20. 2002
    ..Previous studies have suggested an association between depression and low socioeconomic status, but few have empirically examined the effect of depressive symptoms on income and employment over time...
  62. ncbi request reprint Neighborhood characteristics and components of the insulin resistance syndrome in young adults: the coronary artery risk development in young adults (CARDIA) study
    Ana V Diez Roux
    Division of General Medicine, Columbia College of Physicians and Surgeons and Division of Epidemiology, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, New York 10032, USA
    Diabetes Care 25:1976-82. 2002
    ..To examine associations of neighborhood characteristics with six components of the insulin resistance syndrome (IRS) in young adults...
  63. ncbi request reprint Socioeconomic trajectories and incident hypertension in a biracial cohort of young adults
    Karen A Matthews
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Penn 15213, USA
    Hypertension 39:772-6. 2002
    ..A dynamic index of socioeconomic status may be a useful concept in understanding the effects of socioeconomic status on the natural history of hypertension...
  64. ncbi request reprint Race/ethnicity and cancer survival: the elusive target of biological differences
    Catarina I Kiefe
    JAMA 287:2138-9. 2002
  65. ncbi request reprint Oral contraceptive use and association with glucose, insulin, and diabetes in young adult women: the CARDIA Study. Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults
    Catherine Kim
    Robert Wood Johnson Clinical Scholars Program, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA
    Diabetes Care 25:1027-32. 2002
    ..We studied the associations between 1) current use of oral contraceptives (OCs) and 2) glucose levels, insulin levels, and diabetes in young women...
  66. ncbi request reprint Causes and demographic, medical, lifestyle and psychosocial predictors of premature mortality: the CARDIA study
    Carlos Iribarren
    Division of Research, Kaiser Permanente, Oakland, CA, USA
    Soc Sci Med 60:471-82. 2005
    ....
  67. ncbi request reprint Gamma-glutamyltransferase is a predictor of incident diabetes and hypertension: the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study
    Duk Hee Lee
    Department of Preventive Medicine, College of Medicine, Kosin University, Pusan, Korea 602 202
    Clin Chem 49:1358-66. 2003
    ..We performed a prospective study to examine whether serum GGT predicts diabetes and hypertension...
  68. pmc Relationships between skin color, income, and blood pressure among African Americans in the CARDIA Study
    Elizabeth Sweet
    Department of Anthropology, Northwestern University, Evanston, Ill 60208, USA
    Am J Public Health 97:2253-9. 2007
    ..We explored how income and skin color interact to influence the blood pressure of African American adults enrolled in the longitudinal Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study...
  69. ncbi request reprint Positional change in blood pressure and 8-year risk of hypertension: the CARDIA Study
    Randal J Thomas
    Division of Cardiovascular Diseases and Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn 55905, USA
    Mayo Clin Proc 78:951-8. 2003
    ..To assess the relationship between positional blood pressure change and 8-year incidence of hypertension in a biracial cohort of young adults...
  70. ncbi request reprint Racial differences in early-onset renal disease among young adults: the coronary artery risk development in young adults (CARDIA) study
    Catherine O Stehman-Breen
    Departments of Medicine and Epidemiology, Seattle VA Medical Center, Seattle, Washington 98108, USA
    J Am Soc Nephrol 14:2352-7. 2003
    ..Differences in race/ethnicity related risk of early-onset renal impairment are particularly large among men and are not accounted for by the metabolic or socioeconomic factors evaluated...
  71. pmc Neighbourhood characteristics, individual level socioeconomic factors, and depressive symptoms in young adults: the CARDIA study
    Claire Henderson
    Public Psychiatry Fellowship, Room 317, 722 W 168th Street, New York, NY 10032, USA
    J Epidemiol Community Health 59:322-8. 2005
    ..To investigate the relation between neighbourhood socioeconomic and ethnic characteristics with depressive symptoms in a population based sample...
  72. ncbi request reprint Door-to-needle time in myocardial infarction: is there an ideal benchmark?
    John G Canto
    Am Heart J 150:365-7. 2005
  73. ncbi request reprint Racial disparities in coronary heart disease: a sociological view of the medical literature on physician bias
    Contessa Fincher
    Institute of Medicine, Washington, DC 20001, USA
    Ethn Dis 14:360-71. 2004
    ..To interpret, within a sociological context, evidence of physician bias in the management and outcomes of coronary heart disease (CHD) treatment for African Americans vs Whites...
  74. ncbi request reprint Impact of socioeconomic status on longitudinal accumulation of cardiovascular risk in young adults: the CARDIA Study (USA)
    Arun S Karlamangla
    Division of Geriatrics, UCLA School of Medicine, 10945 Le Conte 2339, Los Angeles, CA 90095 1687, USA
    Soc Sci Med 60:999-1015. 2005
    ....
  75. ncbi request reprint Relation of childhood socioeconomic status and family environment to adult metabolic functioning in the CARDIA study
    Barbara J Lehman
    Department of Psychology, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California 90095, USA
    Psychosom Med 67:846-54. 2005
    ....
  76. ncbi request reprint Relation of age and race with hospital death after acute myocardial infarction
    Ajay Manhapra
    Inpatient Medical Specialists, Department of Internal Medicine, Hackley Hospital Spectrum Health, Muskegon, Mich 49443, USA
    Am Heart J 148:92-8. 2004
    ..We examined the relation of age and race on short-term death in a large AMI population and ascertained the factors that may have contributed to differences in mortality rates...
  77. ncbi request reprint Effects of sustained audit/feedback on self-reported health status of primary care patients
    Stephan D Fihn
    Northwest VA Health Services Research and Development Center of Excellence, Seattle, Washington 98108, USA
    Am J Med 116:241-8. 2004
    ..Because limited audit/feedback of health status information has yielded mixed results, we evaluated the effects of a sustained program of audit/feedback on patient health and satisfaction...
  78. ncbi request reprint Relationship of early life stress and psychological functioning to adult C-reactive protein in the coronary artery risk development in young adults study
    Shelley E Taylor
    Department of Psychology, University of California, Los Angeles, California 90095, USA
    Biol Psychiatry 60:819-24. 2006
    ....
  79. ncbi request reprint Self-reported racial discrimination and substance use in the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Adults Study
    Luisa N Borrell
    Department of Epidemiology, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 166:1068-79. 2007
    ..These associations were similarly positive in Whites but not significant. Substance use may be an unhealthy coping response to perceived unfair treatment for some individuals, regardless of their race/ethnicity...
  80. pmc Identifying physician-recognized depression from administrative data: consequences for quality measurement
    Claire M Spettell
    Health Informatics USQA, Blue Bell, PA 19422, USA
    Health Serv Res 38:1081-102. 2003
    ..Multiple factors limit identification of patients with depression from administrative data. However, administrative data drives many quality measurement systems, including the Health Plan Employer Data and Information Set (HEDIS)...
  81. ncbi request reprint Psychosocial factors and risk of hypertension: the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) study
    Lijing L Yan
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, Ill 60611, USA
    JAMA 290:2138-48. 2003
    ..Although psychosocial factors are correlated, previous studies on risk factors for hypertension have typically examined psychosocial factors individually and have yielded inconsistent findings...
  82. ncbi request reprint Incidence and antecedents of nonmedical prescription opioid use in four US communities. The Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) prospective cohort study
    Mark J Pletcher
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of California, San Francisco, 185 Berry Street, Suite 5700, San Francisco, CA 94107, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 85:171-6. 2006
    ..Nonmedical use of prescription opioids has emerged as a major public health problem during the last decade, but direct measures of incidence and predisposing factors are lacking...
  83. ncbi request reprint Cardiovascular disease risk factor knowledge in young adults and 10-year change in risk factors: the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study
    Elizabeth B Lynch
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL 60611 4402, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 164:1171-9. 2006
    ..06) but was unrelated to other risk factor changes. Knowledge of CVD risk factors was very low in these young adults but increased with the presence of risk factors. Knowledge alone did not predict 10-year changes in risk factors...
  84. ncbi request reprint Menthol cigarettes, smoking cessation, atherosclerosis, and pulmonary function: the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study
    Mark J Pletcher
    Departments of Epidemiology and Biostatistics and Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, 185 Berry St, Lobby 4, Suite 5700, San Francisco, CA 94143 0560, USA
    Arch Intern Med 166:1915-22. 2006
    ..African American smokers are more likely to experience tobacco-related morbidity and mortality than European American smokers, and higher rates of menthol cigarette smoking may contribute to these disparities...
  85. ncbi request reprint Alcohol consumption, binge drinking, and early coronary calcification: findings from the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study
    Mark J Pletcher
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 161:423-33. 2005
    ....
  86. ncbi request reprint Glitazone in diabetes: relationship to patient dual public/private sector use
    Christine M Heckemeyer
    Diabetes Care 28:2807. 2005
  87. ncbi request reprint Cocaine and coronary calcification in young adults: the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study
    Mark J Pletcher
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of California, San Francisco, California, USA
    Am Heart J 150:921-6. 2005
    ....
  88. pmc Self-reported experiences of racial discrimination and Black-White differences in preterm and low-birthweight deliveries: the CARDIA Study
    Sarah Mustillo
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University School of Medicine, Box 3454, Durham, NC 27710, USA
    Am J Public Health 94:2125-31. 2004
    ..We examined the effects of self-reported experiences of racial discrimination on Black-White differences in preterm (less than 37 weeks gestation) and low-birthweight (less than 2500 g) deliveries...

Research Grants4

  1. MI-Plus: Web-Enhanced Post-MI + Cormorbidity Guidelines
    O Dale Williams; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  2. UAB Health Services & Outcomes Research Training Program
    Catarina Kiefe; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..e., M.D.s, D.M.D.s, nurses, clinical psychologists) positions per year. This will result in four and four positions in year 2, and six and four positions in years 3 to 5, respectively. ..
  3. Deep South Partnership for Prevention of CVD Disparities
    Catarina Kiefe; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..