John G Kerns

Summary

Affiliation: University of Missouri
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Decreased conflict- and error-related activity in the anterior cingulate cortex in subjects with schizophrenia
    John G Kerns
    UC Davis Imaging Research Center, University of California Davis, 4701 X Street, Sacramento, CA 95817, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 162:1833-9. 2005
  2. ncbi request reprint Anterior cingulate and prefrontal cortex activity in an FMRI study of trial-to-trial adjustments on the Simon task
    John G Kerns
    Department of Psychological Sciences, 214 McAlester Hall, University of Missouri, Columbia, 65211, USA
    Neuroimage 33:399-405. 2006
  3. pmc Cognitive correlates of schizophrenia signs and symptoms: III. Hallucinations and delusions
    Howard Berenbaum
    Department of Psychology, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Champaign, IL 61820, USA
    Psychiatry Res 159:163-6. 2008
  4. doi request reprint Social and physical anhedonia and valence and arousal aspects of emotional experience
    John G Kerns
    Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211, USA
    J Abnorm Psychol 117:735-46. 2008
  5. doi request reprint Executive functioning component mechanisms and schizophrenia
    John G Kerns
    Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri 65211, USA
    Biol Psychiatry 64:26-33. 2008
  6. doi request reprint Distinct conflict resolution deficits related to different facets of Schizophrenia
    John G Kerns
    Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211, USA
    Psychol Res 73:786-93. 2009
  7. pmc Communication disturbances, working memory, and emotion in people with elevated disorganized schizotypy
    John G Kerns
    Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211, United States
    Schizophr Res 100:172-80. 2008
  8. ncbi request reprint Verbal communication impairments and cognitive control components in people with schizophrenia
    John G Kerns
    Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211, USA
    J Abnorm Psychol 116:279-89. 2007
  9. ncbi request reprint Experimental manipulation of cognitive control processes causes an increase in communication disturbances in healthy volunteers
    John G Kerns
    Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri Columbia, Columbia, MO 65211, USA
    Psychol Med 37:995-1004. 2007
  10. ncbi request reprint Schizotypy facets, cognitive control, and emotion
    John G Kerns
    Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri Columbia, 65211, USA
    J Abnorm Psychol 115:418-27. 2006

Detail Information

Publications32

  1. ncbi request reprint Decreased conflict- and error-related activity in the anterior cingulate cortex in subjects with schizophrenia
    John G Kerns
    UC Davis Imaging Research Center, University of California Davis, 4701 X Street, Sacramento, CA 95817, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 162:1833-9. 2005
    ..This study examined whether impaired conflict monitoring in people with schizophrenia could underlie reduced anterior cingulate activity during both correct task performance and error-related activity...
  2. ncbi request reprint Anterior cingulate and prefrontal cortex activity in an FMRI study of trial-to-trial adjustments on the Simon task
    John G Kerns
    Department of Psychological Sciences, 214 McAlester Hall, University of Missouri, Columbia, 65211, USA
    Neuroimage 33:399-405. 2006
    ..These results provide additional evidence that behavioral adjustments on the Simon task are due in part to ACC conflict monitoring and the subsequent recruitment of PFC to minimize conflict...
  3. pmc Cognitive correlates of schizophrenia signs and symptoms: III. Hallucinations and delusions
    Howard Berenbaum
    Department of Psychology, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Champaign, IL 61820, USA
    Psychiatry Res 159:163-6. 2008
    ..Delusions were not significantly associated with any of the cognitive measures...
  4. doi request reprint Social and physical anhedonia and valence and arousal aspects of emotional experience
    John G Kerns
    Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211, USA
    J Abnorm Psychol 117:735-46. 2008
    ..In these studies, results were not statistically accounted for by personality, current mood, or current distress. Overall, results suggest anhedonia may be associated with a general decrease in self-reported positive affect intensity...
  5. doi request reprint Executive functioning component mechanisms and schizophrenia
    John G Kerns
    Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri 65211, USA
    Biol Psychiatry 64:26-33. 2008
    ..Although there is general consensus about what cognitive tasks involve executive functioning, there is disagreement about the specific cognitive mechanisms that comprise executive functioning...
  6. doi request reprint Distinct conflict resolution deficits related to different facets of Schizophrenia
    John G Kerns
    Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211, USA
    Psychol Res 73:786-93. 2009
    ..This evidence suggests that conflict processing is a multidimensional construct and that different aspects of schizophrenia are associated with impairments in processing different types of conflict...
  7. pmc Communication disturbances, working memory, and emotion in people with elevated disorganized schizotypy
    John G Kerns
    Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211, United States
    Schizophr Res 100:172-80. 2008
    ....
  8. ncbi request reprint Verbal communication impairments and cognitive control components in people with schizophrenia
    John G Kerns
    Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211, USA
    J Abnorm Psychol 116:279-89. 2007
    ..In contrast, psychometric control tasks were not associated with FTD or poverty of speech. This research suggests that FTD and poverty of speech are differentially associated with deficits in distinct aspects of cognitive control...
  9. ncbi request reprint Experimental manipulation of cognitive control processes causes an increase in communication disturbances in healthy volunteers
    John G Kerns
    Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri Columbia, Columbia, MO 65211, USA
    Psychol Med 37:995-1004. 2007
    ....
  10. ncbi request reprint Schizotypy facets, cognitive control, and emotion
    John G Kerns
    Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri Columbia, 65211, USA
    J Abnorm Psychol 115:418-27. 2006
    ....
  11. ncbi request reprint Positive schizotypy and emotion processing
    John G Kerns
    Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri Columbia, Columbia, MO 65211, USA
    J Abnorm Psychol 114:392-401. 2005
    ..Results could not be accounted for by level of neuroticism or current mood. These results suggest that positive schizotypy is associated with the processing of emotional information...
  12. ncbi request reprint The relationship between formal thought disorder and executive functioning component processes
    John G Kerns
    Department of Psychology, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, USA
    J Abnorm Psychol 112:339-52. 2003
    ..In both studies, processing of context deficits predicted FTD. Moreover, in both studies, the effect of processing of context deficits on FTD was especially pronounced when combined with interference resolution deficits...
  13. ncbi request reprint Specificity of prefrontal dysfunction and context processing deficits to schizophrenia in never-medicated patients with first-episode psychosis
    Angus W MacDonald
    Department of Psychology, University of Minnesota, N219 Elliott Hall, 75 E River Rd, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 162:475-84. 2005
    ....
  14. pmc Cognitive correlates of schizophrenia signs and symptoms: II. Emotional disturbances
    Howard Berenbaum
    Department of Psychology, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Champaign, IL 61820, USA
    Psychiatry Res 159:157-62. 2008
    ..Affective flattening and anhedonia were both associated with episodic memory laterality and there were similar trends with motor laterality. Anhedonia was also associated with medication motor side effects...
  15. doi request reprint Social anhedonia, but not positive schizotypy, is associated with poor affective control
    Elizabeth A Martin
    Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211 2500, USA
    Personal Disord 3:263-72. 2012
    ..In contrast, there were no differences between the PerMag and control groups. Overall, these results suggest that SocAnh, but not PerMag, is associated with poor controlled affective processing...
  16. doi request reprint Alogia and formal thought disorder: differential patterns of verbal fluency task performance
    Anna R Docherty
    Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211, USA
    J Psychiatr Res 45:1352-7. 2011
    ..Verbal fluency is thought to involve several cognitive mechanisms, including controlled retrieval, semantic memory, and context processing...
  17. doi request reprint Differential associations between schizotypy facets and emotion traits
    Elizabeth A Martin
    Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri, MO, USA
    Psychiatry Res 187:94-9. 2011
    ..Overall, these results suggest that SocAnh is associated with decreased attention to and experience of positive emotions and that PerMag is associated with increased attention to negative emotions...
  18. pmc The role of aberrant salience and self-concept clarity in psychotic-like experiences
    David C Cicero
    Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211, USA
    Personal Disord 4:33-42. 2013
    ..Overall, our results are consistent with several cognitive models of psychosis suggesting that aberrant salience and self-concept clarity might be important mechanisms in the occurrence of psychotic-like symptoms...
  19. pmc Cognitive correlates of schizophrenia signs and symptoms: I. Verbal communication disturbances
    Howard Berenbaum
    Department of Psychology, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Champaign, IL 61820, United States
    Psychiatry Res 159:147-56. 2008
    ..Alogia and discourse coherence were differentially associated with performance on tasks measuring fluency, working memory, word finding abilities, and concentration/attention...
  20. doi request reprint Cognitive control components and speech symptoms in people with schizophrenia
    Theresa M Becker
    Department of Psychlogical Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO, USA
    Psychiatry Res 196:20-6. 2012
    ..In addition, patients' own assessment of their disorganization is related to negative mood, but perhaps not to objective disorganized speech or to cognitive control task performance...
  21. ncbi request reprint Cognitive impairments associated with formal thought disorder in people with schizophrenia
    John G Kerns
    Department of Psychology, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, 61820, USA
    J Abnorm Psychol 111:211-24. 2002
    ..Their review indicates that previous research has not yet supported an association between FTD and either an increase in spreading activation or an impairment within the language production system...
  22. doi request reprint Prefrontal dysfunction in first-degree relatives of schizophrenia patients during a Stroop task
    Theresa M Becker
    Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri Columbia, Columbia, MO, USA
    Neuropsychopharmacology 33:2619-25. 2008
    ..In contrast, the current results suggest that ACC dysfunction in people with schizophrenia may reflect processes specific to the illness itself...
  23. doi request reprint Social anhedonia associated with poor evaluative processing but not with poor cognitive control
    Elizabeth A Martin
    Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri, United States
    Psychiatry Res 178:419-24. 2010
    ..In contrast, there were no group differences on the Stroop task or on a semantic priming task. Overall, these results suggest that people with elevated social anhedonia might have problems with some aspects of evaluative processing...
  24. doi request reprint Multidimensional factor structure of positive schizotypy
    David C Cicero
    University of Missouri, USA
    J Pers Disord 24:327-43. 2010
    ..Finally, the three positive schizotypy factors displayed differential relations with five-factor model personality traits. Overall, results suggest that positive schizotypy is composed of correlated but distinct factors...
  25. ncbi request reprint Anterior cingulate conflict monitoring and adjustments in control
    John G Kerns
    Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri Columbia, Columbia, MO 65211, USA
    Science 303:1023-6. 2004
    ....
  26. ncbi request reprint Prefrontal cortex guides context-appropriate responding during language production
    John G Kerns
    Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri Columbia, 65211, USA
    Neuron 43:283-91. 2004
    ..Overall, as in other cognitive task domains, these results suggest that PFC context processing plays an important role in the control of language...
  27. doi request reprint Social networking profile correlates of schizotypy
    Elizabeth A Martin
    Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri, 210 McAlester Hall, Columbia, MO 65211 2500, USA
    Psychiatry Res 200:641-6. 2012
    ..Overall, results from this naturalistic-like study show that SocAnh and extraversion are associated with decreased social participation and PerMag with increased paranoia related to information on social networking sites...
  28. doi request reprint Can disorganized and positive schizotypy be discriminated from dissociation?
    David C Cicero
    University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211, USA
    J Pers 78:1239-70. 2010
    ..Overall, these results suggest that disorganized schizotypy can be discriminated from dissociation but that positive schizotypy may not be easily discriminated from dissociation...
  29. pmc The influence of positive mood on different aspects of cognitive control
    Elizabeth A Martin
    University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211, USA
    Cogn Emot 25:265-79. 2011
    ..Overall, this research suggests that positive mood has differential effects on cognitive control, impairing working memory but having no effect on prepotent response inhibition...
  30. doi request reprint The Aberrant Salience Inventory: a new measure of psychosis proneness
    David C Cicero
    Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211, USA
    Psychol Assess 22:688-701. 2010
    ..Overall, the ASI demonstrated sound psychometric properties and may be useful for measuring aberrant salience and psychosis proneness in clinical and nonclinical samples...
  31. doi request reprint Can structural neuroimaging be used to define phenotypes and course of schizophrenia?
    John G Kerns
    Psychological Sciences Department, University of Missouri, 214 McAlester Hall, Columbia, MO 65211, USA
    Psychiatr Clin North Am 35:633-44. 2012
    ..At the same time, there are many fruitful avenues that future research could take in an attempt to better predict future outcome or to identify specific imaging phenotypes associated with outcome...
  32. ncbi request reprint Psychological trauma and schizotypal symptoms
    Howard Berenbaum
    Department of Psychology, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, 603 East Daniel Street, Champaign, IL 61820, USA
    Schizophr Bull 29:143-52. 2003
    ....

Research Grants2

  1. Cognitive Control Deficits and Formal Thought Disorder
    JOHN KERNS; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  2. Anterior Cingulate, Prefrontal Cortex, and Conflict-Control Loop Theory
    JOHN KERNS; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..