Richard Kent

Summary

Affiliation: University of Virginia
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Assessment of a three-point restraint system with a pre-tensioned lap belt and an inflatable, force-limited shoulder belt
    Richard Kent
    University of Virginia Center for Applied Biomechanics, Charlottesville, VA 22911, USA
    Stapp Car Crash J 55:141-59. 2011
  2. doi request reprint Dynamic pinch tolerance of the phalanges and interphalangeal joints
    Richard Kent
    University of Virginia Center for Applied Biomechanics, Charlottesville, Virginia 22902, USA
    Traffic Inj Prev 9:83-8. 2008
  3. ncbi request reprint Pediatric thoracoabdominal biomechanics
    Richard Kent
    University of Virginia Center for Applied Biomechanics, USA
    Stapp Car Crash J 53:373-401. 2009
  4. ncbi request reprint Biomechanical response of the pediatric abdomen, Part 2: injuries and their correlation with engineering parameters
    Richard Kent
    University of Virginia Center for Applied Biomechanics, USA
    Stapp Car Crash J 52:135-66. 2008
  5. doi request reprint Biomechanical response targets for physical and computational models of the pediatric trunk
    Richard Kent
    University of Virginia, Center for Applied Biomechanics, Charlottesville, Virginia 22911, USA
    Traffic Inj Prev 13:499-506. 2012
  6. ncbi request reprint Thoracic response of belted PMHS, the Hybrid III, and the THOR-NT mid-sized male surrogates in low speed, frontal crashes
    Jason Forman
    University of Virginia, Center for Applied Biomechanics, 1011 Linden Avenue, Charlottesville, Virginia 22902, USA
    Stapp Car Crash J 50:191-215. 2006
  7. doi request reprint The frontal-impact response of a booster-seated child-size PMHS
    Francisco J Lopez-Valdes
    Center for Applied Biomechanics, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia 22902, USA
    Traffic Inj Prev 11:320-7. 2010
  8. ncbi request reprint Whole-body kinematic and dynamic response of restrained PMHS in frontal sled tests
    Jason Forman
    University of Virginia, Center for Applied Biomechanics, 1011 Linden Avenue, Charlottesville, Virginia 22902, USA
    Stapp Car Crash J 50:299-336. 2006
  9. ncbi request reprint Impact response of restrained PMHS in frontal sled tests: skeletal deformation patterns under seat belt loading
    Greg Shaw
    University of Virginia Center for Applied Biomechanics, Charlottesville, VA 22902, USA
    Stapp Car Crash J 53:1-48. 2009
  10. pmc Occupant restraint in the rear seat: ATD responses to standard and pre-tensioning, force-limiting belt restraints
    Jason Forman
    University of Virginia, Center for Applied Biomechanics, Charlottesville, VA, USA
    Ann Adv Automot Med 52:141-54. 2008

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications31

  1. ncbi request reprint Assessment of a three-point restraint system with a pre-tensioned lap belt and an inflatable, force-limited shoulder belt
    Richard Kent
    University of Virginia Center for Applied Biomechanics, Charlottesville, VA 22911, USA
    Stapp Car Crash J 55:141-59. 2011
    ..g., children), non-frontal impact vectors, and for out-of-position occupants and to allow the results with this particular system to be generalized to a broader range of Airbelt designs...
  2. doi request reprint Dynamic pinch tolerance of the phalanges and interphalangeal joints
    Richard Kent
    University of Virginia Center for Applied Biomechanics, Charlottesville, Virginia 22902, USA
    Traffic Inj Prev 9:83-8. 2008
    ..This article presents force and displacement tolerances for pinch loading of the bones and joints of the digits...
  3. ncbi request reprint Pediatric thoracoabdominal biomechanics
    Richard Kent
    University of Virginia Center for Applied Biomechanics, USA
    Stapp Car Crash J 53:373-401. 2009
    ..Additional research is needed to elucidate the generality of this finding and to assess its significance for scaling adult data to represent pediatric responses...
  4. ncbi request reprint Biomechanical response of the pediatric abdomen, Part 2: injuries and their correlation with engineering parameters
    Richard Kent
    University of Virginia Center for Applied Biomechanics, USA
    Stapp Car Crash J 52:135-66. 2008
    ..FCmax was a better discriminator of injury than the viscous criterion (gamma = 0.70 and 0.76, p < 0.01), indicating that the loading rate may be more related to injury outcome than the penetration rate...
  5. doi request reprint Biomechanical response targets for physical and computational models of the pediatric trunk
    Richard Kent
    University of Virginia, Center for Applied Biomechanics, Charlottesville, Virginia 22911, USA
    Traffic Inj Prev 13:499-506. 2012
    ....
  6. ncbi request reprint Thoracic response of belted PMHS, the Hybrid III, and the THOR-NT mid-sized male surrogates in low speed, frontal crashes
    Jason Forman
    University of Virginia, Center for Applied Biomechanics, 1011 Linden Avenue, Charlottesville, Virginia 22902, USA
    Stapp Car Crash J 50:191-215. 2006
    ....
  7. doi request reprint The frontal-impact response of a booster-seated child-size PMHS
    Francisco J Lopez-Valdes
    Center for Applied Biomechanics, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia 22902, USA
    Traffic Inj Prev 11:320-7. 2010
    ..This article presents the response of a child-size postmortem human subject using a booster seat in a series of three frontal impact sled tests...
  8. ncbi request reprint Whole-body kinematic and dynamic response of restrained PMHS in frontal sled tests
    Jason Forman
    University of Virginia, Center for Applied Biomechanics, 1011 Linden Avenue, Charlottesville, Virginia 22902, USA
    Stapp Car Crash J 50:299-336. 2006
    ..1 cm average) than in the 48 km/h driver's side tests (27+/-3.7 cm average), and was lower than that in the 48 km/h FLB+AB (58+/-4.4 cm average) and SB+AB (46+/-2.1 cm average) passenger's side tests...
  9. ncbi request reprint Impact response of restrained PMHS in frontal sled tests: skeletal deformation patterns under seat belt loading
    Greg Shaw
    University of Virginia Center for Applied Biomechanics, Charlottesville, VA 22902, USA
    Stapp Car Crash J 53:1-48. 2009
    ..Additional analysis of the data produced by the reported tests as well as additional tests with a variety of loading conditions are required to fully characterize torso response including ribcage fracture tolerance...
  10. pmc Occupant restraint in the rear seat: ATD responses to standard and pre-tensioning, force-limiting belt restraints
    Jason Forman
    University of Virginia, Center for Applied Biomechanics, Charlottesville, VA, USA
    Ann Adv Automot Med 52:141-54. 2008
    ....
  11. doi request reprint Pediatric abdominal injury patterns generated by lap belt loading
    Stephen Stacey
    Center for Applied Biomechanics, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia 22902, USA
    J Trauma 67:1278-83; discussion 1283. 2009
    ..The particular anatomic structures injured may depend on the position of the seat belt, but this relationship has never been quantified in a controlled setting...
  12. ncbi request reprint Muscle tetanus and loading condition effects on the elastic and viscous characteristics of the thorax
    Richard Kent
    University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia, USA
    Traffic Inj Prev 4:297-314. 2003
    ..1 to 0.3. The findings of this study provide restraint-specific guidelines for the force-deflection characteristics of both physical and computational thoracic models...
  13. ncbi request reprint Chest deflection tolerance to blunt anterior loading is sensitive to age but not load distribution
    Richard Kent
    Center for Applied Biomechanics, University of Virginia, 1011 Linden Avenue, Charlottesville, VA 22902, USA
    Forensic Sci Int 149:121-8. 2005
    ..The 50% risk of severe injury is shown to occur at 33% chest deflection for a 70-year-old, but at 43% for a 30-year-old...
  14. ncbi request reprint How future trends in societal aging, air bag availability, seat belt use, and fleet composition will affect serious injury risk and occurrence in the United States
    Richard Kent
    Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia 22902, USA
    Traffic Inj Prev 4:24-32. 2003
    ..After 2012, however, air bag availability and seat belt use will plateau, while societal aging will continue...
  15. doi request reprint A methodology to estimate the kinematics of pediatric occupants in frontal impacts
    Francisco J Lopez-Valdes
    University of Virginia, Center for Applied Biomechanics, Charlottesville, Virginia, USA
    Traffic Inj Prev 13:393-401. 2012
    ..This article provides an estimation of the kinematics of a pediatric subject that may assist in the development of physical and computational models of a 6YO occupant in high-speed frontal impacts...
  16. doi request reprint Rear-seat motor vehicle travel in the U.S.: using national data to define a population at risk
    Matthew J Trowbridge
    Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Virginia Health School of Medicine, Charlottesville, Virginia 22908 0699, USA
    Am J Prev Med 37:321-3. 2009
    ..Safe adaptation of advanced front-seat restraint systems for the rear-seat environment will require exposure data that are currently unavailable...
  17. ncbi request reprint The field performance of frontal air bags: a review of the literature
    Richard Kent
    Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia 22902, USA
    Traffic Inj Prev 6:1-23. 2005
    ..Finally, some special topics, including risk homeostasis and the performance of face bags, are discussed...
  18. pmc Fatality risk and the presence of rib fractures
    Richard Kent
    University of Virginia Center for Applied Biomechanics, Dept of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Charlottesville, VA, USA
    Ann Adv Automot Med 52:73-82. 2008
    ..This effect is more dramatic for older patients...
  19. doi request reprint Posterior acceleration as a mechanism of blunt traumatic injury of the aorta
    Jason Forman
    University of Virginia, Center for Applied Biomechanics, 1011 Linden Avenue, Charlottesville, VA 22903, USA
    J Biomech 41:1359-64. 2008
    ..This suggests that any attempt to model traumatic aortic injury should include consideration for both the intra-aortic fluid pressure and the extra-aortic, intra-thoracic pressure present during the event...
  20. ncbi request reprint Investigation of an alleged mechanism of finger injury in an automobile crash
    Stephen Stacey
    Center for Applied Biomechanics, University of Virginia, 1011 Linden Avenue, Charlottesville, VA 22902, USA
    Int J Legal Med 120:246-51. 2006
    ..Furthermore, it can be shown that the injury was self-inflicted to fraudulently claim on an insurance policy...
  21. pmc The Hybrid III dummy as a discriminator of injurious and non-injurious restraint loading
    Richard Kent
    Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, USA
    Annu Proc Assoc Adv Automot Med 47:51-75. 2003
    ..This is shown to be non-biofidelic, since chest deflection as measured directly on the cadaver does not exhibit this sensitivity...
  22. ncbi request reprint Rear seat occupant safety: an investigation of a progressive force-limiting, pretensioning 3-point belt system using adult PMHS in frontal sled tests
    Jason Forman
    University of Virginia, Center for Applied Biomechanics, USA
    Stapp Car Crash J 53:49-74. 2009
    ....
  23. ncbi request reprint Biomechanical response of the pediatric abdomen, part 1: development of an experimental model and quantification of structural response to dynamic belt loading
    Richard Kent
    Center for Applied Biomechanics, University of Virginia, VA, USA
    Stapp Car Crash J 50:1-26. 2006
    ..The structural corridors developed here should lead to the development of both mechanical (i.e., crash dummies) and computational pediatric models that are more useful for assessing injurious levels of belt penetration into the abdomen...
  24. ncbi request reprint Development of injury criteria for pelvic fracture in frontal crashes
    Robert S Salzar
    University of Virginia Center for Applied Biomechanics, Charlottesville, Virginia, USA
    Traffic Inj Prev 7:299-305. 2006
    ..This article assesses the position-dependent injury tolerance of the hip in the frontal direction based on testing of eight postmortem human subjects...
  25. ncbi request reprint US Injury trends projected to 2012: the influence of an aging population
    Richard Kent
    Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, USA
    Annu Proc Assoc Adv Automot Med 46:157-75. 2002
    ..After 2012, however, airbag availability and seatbelt use will plateau, while societal aging will continue...
  26. ncbi request reprint Structural and material changes in the aging thorax and their role in crash protection for older occupants
    Richard Kent
    Center for Applied Biomechanics, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, 22902, USA
    Stapp Car Crash J 49:231-49. 2005
    ..The primary conclusion, therefore, is that an older person's thorax, relative to a younger, does not necessarily deform more in response to an applied force. The tolerable sternal deflection level is, however, much less...
  27. pmc On the fatal crash experience of older drivers
    Richard Kent
    University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, USA
    Annu Proc Assoc Adv Automot Med 49:371-91. 2005
    ..9 days for age 16 vs. 7.9 for age 75). A subjective assessment of the case files indicated that frailty or a pre-existing health condition played a role in 4.3% of the younger drivers' deaths, but 50.0% of the older group...
  28. pmc Response of the human torso to lateral and oblique constant-velocity impacts
    Damien Subit
    University of Virginia, Center for Applied Biomechanics, Charlottesville, VA, USA
    Ann Adv Automot Med 54:27-40. 2010
    ..The anterolateral impacts to the mid- and upper-chest generated more rib fractures than the other impact directions...
  29. ncbi request reprint Blood flow and fluid-structure interactions in the human aorta during traumatic rupture conditions
    Sang Hyun Lee
    Center for Applied Biomechanics, University of Virginia, 1011 Linden Avenue, Charlottesville, VA 22902, USA
    Stapp Car Crash J 51:211-33. 2007
    ..The combined effect of chest deceleration, chest compression, and blood pressure appears to generate an aortic deformation and failure pattern that captures all the salient characteristics of clinically observed TAR...
  30. ncbi request reprint Finite element analysis of hard and soft tissue contributions to thoracic response: sensitivity analysis of fluctuations in boundary conditions
    Daisuke Murakami
    Nissan Motor Co, Ltd, Japan
    Stapp Car Crash J 50:169-89. 2006
    ....
  31. pmc Genomic islands in the pathogenic filamentous fungus Aspergillus fumigatus
    Natalie D Fedorova
    The J Craig Venter Institute, Rockville, Maryland, United States of America
    PLoS Genet 4:e1000046. 2008
    ..The role of duplication in the origin of lineage-specific genes is further underlined by the discovery of genomic islands that seem to function as designated "gene dumps" and, perhaps, simultaneously, as "gene factories"...