P K Keel

Summary

Affiliation: University of Iowa
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Postremission predictors of relapse in women with eating disorders
    Pamela K Keel
    Department of Psychology, E11 Seashore Hall, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 162:2263-8. 2005
  2. doi request reprint The validity and clinical utility of purging disorder
    Pamela K Keel
    Department of Psychology, Florida State University, 1107 W Call St, Tallahassee, Florida 32306 4301, USA
    Int J Eat Disord 42:706-19. 2009
  3. ncbi request reprint Application of a latent class analysis to empirically define eating disorder phenotypes
    Pamela K Keel
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 61:192-200. 2004
  4. doi request reprint Evidence-based psychosocial treatments for eating problems and eating disorders
    Pamela K Keel
    Department of Psychology, University of Iowa, Iowa, City, IA 52242, USA
    J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol 37:39-61. 2008
  5. ncbi request reprint Purging disorder: an ominous variant of bulimia nervosa?
    Pamela K Keel
    Department of Psychology, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, USA
    Int J Eat Disord 38:191-9. 2005
  6. ncbi request reprint Co-morbidity and disorder-related distress and impairment in purging disorder
    P K Keel
    Department of Psychology, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA, USA
    Psychol Med 38:1435-42. 2008
  7. ncbi request reprint Shared transmission of eating disorders and anxiety disorders
    Pamela K Keel
    Department of Psychology, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 55242, USA
    Int J Eat Disord 38:99-105. 2005
  8. ncbi request reprint Purging disorder: subthreshold variant or full-threshold eating disorder?
    Pamela K Keel
    Department of Psychology, The University of Iowa, Iowa City 52242, USA
    Int J Eat Disord 40:S89-94. 2007
  9. ncbi request reprint Clinical features and physiological response to a test meal in purging disorder and bulimia nervosa
    Pamela K Keel
    Department of Psychology, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 64:1058-66. 2007
  10. ncbi request reprint Gender and age differences in associations between peer dieting and drive for thinness
    Julie A Gravener
    Department of Psychology, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, USA
    Int J Eat Disord 41:57-63. 2008

Research Grants

Detail Information

Publications58

  1. ncbi request reprint Postremission predictors of relapse in women with eating disorders
    Pamela K Keel
    Department of Psychology, E11 Seashore Hall, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 162:2263-8. 2005
    ..The authors sought to evaluate patterns and predictors of relapse among women with eating disorders...
  2. doi request reprint The validity and clinical utility of purging disorder
    Pamela K Keel
    Department of Psychology, Florida State University, 1107 W Call St, Tallahassee, Florida 32306 4301, USA
    Int J Eat Disord 42:706-19. 2009
    ..To review evidence of the validity and clinical utility of Purging Disorder and examine options for the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders fifth edition (DSM-V)...
  3. ncbi request reprint Application of a latent class analysis to empirically define eating disorder phenotypes
    Pamela K Keel
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 61:192-200. 2004
    ..Diagnostic criteria for eating disorders influence how we recognize, research, and treat eating disorders, and empirically valid phenotypes are required for revealing their genetic bases...
  4. doi request reprint Evidence-based psychosocial treatments for eating problems and eating disorders
    Pamela K Keel
    Department of Psychology, University of Iowa, Iowa, City, IA 52242, USA
    J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol 37:39-61. 2008
    ....
  5. ncbi request reprint Purging disorder: an ominous variant of bulimia nervosa?
    Pamela K Keel
    Department of Psychology, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, USA
    Int J Eat Disord 38:191-9. 2005
    ..The current study evaluates the clinical significance and distinctiveness of purging disorder (PD), an eating disorder characterized by recurrent purging in the absence of objective binge episodes (OBE) among normal-weight individuals...
  6. ncbi request reprint Co-morbidity and disorder-related distress and impairment in purging disorder
    P K Keel
    Department of Psychology, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA, USA
    Psychol Med 38:1435-42. 2008
    ..However, no study has established evidence of disorder-related impairment or whether distress is specifically related to PD rather than to co-morbid disorders...
  7. ncbi request reprint Shared transmission of eating disorders and anxiety disorders
    Pamela K Keel
    Department of Psychology, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 55242, USA
    Int J Eat Disord 38:99-105. 2005
    ..Using twins from the population-based Minnesota Twin Family Study (MTFS), we examined comorbidity and shared transmission between eating pathology and these disorders...
  8. ncbi request reprint Purging disorder: subthreshold variant or full-threshold eating disorder?
    Pamela K Keel
    Department of Psychology, The University of Iowa, Iowa City 52242, USA
    Int J Eat Disord 40:S89-94. 2007
    ..To review evidence of the clinical significance, distinctiveness, and prevalence of a newly characterized form of eating disorder not otherwise specified, purging disorder (PD)...
  9. ncbi request reprint Clinical features and physiological response to a test meal in purging disorder and bulimia nervosa
    Pamela K Keel
    Department of Psychology, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 64:1058-66. 2007
    ..However, more data are needed to determine how purging disorder differs from bulimia nervosa...
  10. ncbi request reprint Gender and age differences in associations between peer dieting and drive for thinness
    Julie A Gravener
    Department of Psychology, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, USA
    Int J Eat Disord 41:57-63. 2008
    ..To examine associations between peer dieting and drive for thinness (DT) in men and women of three age groups and to compare rates of perceived vs. reported peer dieting...
  11. ncbi request reprint Are eating disorders culture-bound syndromes? Implications for conceptualizing their etiology
    Pamela K Keel
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, USA
    Psychol Bull 129:747-69. 2003
    ..Thus, heritability estimates for BN may show greater variability cross-culturally than heritability estimates for AN, and the genetic bases of these disorders may be associated with differential pathoplasticity...
  12. ncbi request reprint A 20-year longitudinal study of body weight, dieting, and eating disorder symptoms
    Pamela K Keel
    Department of Psychology, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
    J Abnorm Psychol 116:422-32. 2007
    ..Despite different developmental trajectories, women demonstrated more weight dissatisfaction, dieting, and disordered eating compared with men across the period of observation...
  13. ncbi request reprint Point prevalence of bulimia nervosa in 1982, 1992, and 2002
    Pamela K Keel
    Department of Psychology, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
    Psychol Med 36:119-27. 2006
    ..Conclusion. These data support a decline in BN rates that cannot be attributed to changes in service utilization. Changing socio-cultural factors may explain a true decrease in BN incidence and prevalence...
  14. ncbi request reprint Predictive validity of bulimia nervosa as a diagnostic category
    P K Keel
    Department of Psychology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 157:136-8. 2000
    ..The authors sought to investigate the predictive validity of bulimia nervosa as a diagnostic category...
  15. pmc Preliminary evidence that estradiol moderates genetic influences on disordered eating attitudes and behaviors during puberty
    K L Klump
    Department of Psychology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824 1116, USA
    Psychol Med 40:1745-53. 2010
    ..The aim of this pilot study was to examine whether estradiol levels moderate genetic influences on disordered eating during puberty...
  16. ncbi request reprint Impact of definitions on the description and prediction of bulimia nervosa outcome
    P K Keel
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Int J Eat Disord 28:377-86. 2000
    ..The authors sought to compare definitions of eating disorder outcome found in the bulimia nervosa literature and to determine the impact of definitions on the description and prediction of outcome...
  17. ncbi request reprint Social adjustment over 10 years following diagnosis with bulimia nervosa
    P K Keel
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Int J Eat Disord 27:21-8. 2000
    ..The authors sought to describe social adjustment among women diagnosed with bulimia nervosa more than a decade earlier...
  18. pmc Weight suppression predicts maintenance and onset of bulimic syndromes at 10-year follow-up
    Pamela K Keel
    Department of Psychology, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL 32306, USA
    J Abnorm Psychol 119:268-75. 2010
    ..Future research should address mechanisms that could account for the effects of weight suppression over a long duration of follow-up...
  19. pmc Ovarian hormones and binge eating: exploring associations in community samples
    K L Klump
    Department of Psychology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824 1116, USA
    Psychol Med 38:1749-57. 2008
    ..However, no study has examined these relationships in a non-clinical sample, despite the need for these data for designing risk-factor studies...
  20. ncbi request reprint Requiring remission of undue influence of weight and shape on self-evaluation in the definition of recovery for bulimia nervosa
    Catherine B Cogley
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138, USA
    Int J Eat Disord 34:200-10. 2003
    ..The current study evaluated the concurrent validity of requiring remission of undue influence of weight and shape on self-evaluation (undue influence) in defining recovery from bulimia nervosa (BN)...
  21. ncbi request reprint A pilot study of personality pathology in patients with anorexia nervosa: modifiable factors related to outcome after hospitalization
    L M McCormick
    Department of Psychiatry, Carver College of Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, USA
    Eat Weight Disord 14:e113-20. 2009
    ..To assess improvement in aspects of personality in patients hospitalized with anorexia nervosa (AN) and its relationship to improved depression, body mass index (BMI), and eating disorder outcome after treatment...
  22. ncbi request reprint Predictors of mortality in eating disorders
    Pamela K Keel
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, 1320 William James Hall, 33 Kirkland St, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 60:179-83. 2003
    ..However, potential predictors of mortality, such as comorbid psychiatric illnesses, remain unclear. We sought to determine mortality ratios and predictors of fatal outcome in women diagnosed as having anorexia or bulimia nervosa...
  23. ncbi request reprint Personality characteristics of women before and after recovery from an eating disorder
    Kelly L Klump
    Department of Psychology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824 1116, USA
    Psychol Med 34:1407-18. 2004
    ..This study compares personality characteristics among women who are ill with eating disorders, recovered from eating disorders, and those without eating or other Axis I disorder pathology...
  24. ncbi request reprint Relationships between perfectionism and specific disordered eating behaviors
    Kelsie Forbush
    Department of Psychology, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa, USA
    Int J Eat Disord 40:37-41. 2007
    ..This study examined whether these differences are due to differential associations between perfectionism and specific eating disorder behaviors...
  25. ncbi request reprint The influence of puberty and ethnicity on awareness and internalization of the thin ideal
    Susan F Hermes
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138, USA
    Int J Eat Disord 33:465-7. 2003
    ..This study examined the effects of puberty and ethnicity on awareness and internalization of the thin ideal...
  26. pmc Implications of starvation-induced change in right dorsal anterior cingulate volume in anorexia nervosa
    Laurie M McCormick
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Iowa, Carver College of Medicine, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, USA
    Int J Eat Disord 41:602-10. 2008
    ..This study sought to determine whether ACC volume was affected by starvation in active AN and, if so, whether this had any clinical significance...
  27. pmc Locating eating pathology within an empirical diagnostic taxonomy: evidence from a community-based sample
    Kelsie T Forbush
    Department of Psychology, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
    J Abnorm Psychol 119:282-92. 2010
    ..These findings underscore the value of developing more comprehensive empirically based models of psychopathology to increase researchers' understanding of diverse mental disorders...
  28. ncbi request reprint Importance of size in defining binge eating episodes in bulimia nervosa
    P K Keel
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA
    Int J Eat Disord 29:294-301. 2001
    ..DISCUSSION: These results partially validate current diagnostic criteria for bulimia nervosa and elucidate one factor, impulsiveness, that may be important in understanding objective binge episodes in bulimia nervosa...
  29. ncbi request reprint Relationship between depression and body dissatisfaction in women diagnosed with bulimia nervosa
    P K Keel
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138, USA
    Int J Eat Disord 30:48-56. 2001
    ..Body dissatisfaction and depression have consistently demonstrated a positive association in women. This study sought to determine the independence of this association from bulimic symptomatology among women diagnosed with bulimia nervosa...
  30. ncbi request reprint Importance of multiple purging methods in the classification of eating disorder subtypes
    Alissa A Haedt
    Department of Psychology, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, USA
    Int J Eat Disord 39:648-54. 2006
    ..To examine two assumptions implicit in the subtyping of eating disorders: (1) purging behaviors are interchangeable, and (2) a primary distinction exists between the presence vs. absence of any means of purging...
  31. ncbi request reprint The use of multiple purging methods as an indicator of eating disorder severity
    Crystal Edler
    Department of Psychology, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, USA
    Int J Eat Disord 40:515-20. 2007
    ..The current study examined whether purging frequency or the use of multiple purging (MP) methods provides more information about eating disorder severity...
  32. ncbi request reprint Long-term impact of treatment in women diagnosed with bulimia nervosa
    Pamela K Keel
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138, USA
    Int J Eat Disord 31:151-8. 2002
    ..This study sought to determine if treatment with CBT and antidepressant medication was associated with better long-term outcome among women diagnosed with bulimia nervosa...
  33. pmc Comparing definitions of purging disorder on point prevalence and associations with external validators
    Alissa A Haedt
    Department of Psychology, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa, USA
    Int J Eat Disord 43:433-9. 2010
    ..purging and nonpurging [broad]) and minimum behavioral frequency (once vs. twice per week) to examine their impact on syndrome validity...
  34. ncbi request reprint Disordered eating attitudes and behaviors in ballet students: examination of environmental and individual risk factors
    Jennifer J Thomas
    Department of Psychology, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 06520 8205, USA
    Int J Eat Disord 38:263-8. 2005
    ..The current study compared the prevalence of disordered eating attitudes and behaviors among adolescent ballet dancers at national, regional, and local schools...
  35. ncbi request reprint Gender differences in implicit weight identity
    Vishal P Grover
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA
    Int J Eat Disord 34:125-35. 2003
    ..This study examined gender differences in explicit and implicit attitudes toward overweight and explicit and implicit weight identity...
  36. ncbi request reprint Influence of sexual orientation and age on disordered eating attitudes and behaviors in women
    Fiona Moore
    Extension School, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138, USA
    Int J Eat Disord 34:370-4. 2003
    ..We evaluated the influence of age on the association between sexual orientation and disordered eating attitudes and behaviors in women...
  37. ncbi request reprint Eating-disordered behaviors and personality characteristics of high school athletes and nonathletes
    J A Fulkerson
    Department of Psychology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis 55455, USA
    Int J Eat Disord 26:73-9. 1999
    ..To assess whether high school athletes are at risk for an eating disorder, whether personality characteristics differentiate athletes from nonathletes, and whether high levels of perfectionism put athletes at risk...
  38. ncbi request reprint Symptom fluctuation in bulimia nervosa: relation to menstrual-cycle phase and cortisol levels
    N A Lester
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA
    Psychol Med 33:51-60. 2003
    ..The purpose of this study is to explore the hormonal correlates of symptom fluctuation in bulimia nervosa...
  39. ncbi request reprint Genetic and environmental influences on anorexia nervosa syndromes in a population-based twin sample
    K L Klump
    Department of Psychology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, USA
    Psychol Med 31:737-40. 2001
    ..CONCLUSIONS: Findings support previous research indicating significant genetic and non-shared environmental influences on AN syndromes...
  40. ncbi request reprint Does "excessive" or "compulsive" best describe exercise as a symptom of bulimia nervosa?
    Emily C Adkins
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA
    Int J Eat Disord 38:24-9. 2005
    ....
  41. ncbi request reprint Peer influence on bulimic symptoms in college students
    Alyson K Zalta
    Department of Psychiatry, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, USA
    J Abnorm Psychol 115:185-9. 2006
    ..The findings support an etiological model that integrates social and individual risk factors in creating environments that influence disordered eating among college students...
  42. ncbi request reprint Homosexuality as a specific risk factor for eating disorders in men
    Christopher J Russell
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA
    Int J Eat Disord 31:300-6. 2002
    ..The current study examined whether homosexuality is a specific risk factor for disordered eating in men...
  43. doi request reprint Update on course and outcome in eating disorders
    Pamela K Keel
    Department of Psychology, Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida 32306, USA
    Int J Eat Disord 43:195-204. 2010
    ..To review recent studies describing eating disorder course and outcome...
  44. ncbi request reprint Stigmatization of anorexia nervosa
    Maria Christina Stewart
    Department of Psychology, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, Hawaiii, USA
    Int J Eat Disord 39:320-5. 2006
    ..The current study examined the perceptions about an individual with anorexia nervosa (AN) relative to perceptions about a healthy person and a person with another mental or nonmental illness...
  45. ncbi request reprint Trans-cultural comparison of disordered eating in Korean women
    Safia C Jackson
    Department of Psychology, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA
    Int J Eat Disord 39:498-502. 2006
    ..This study examines this hypothesis by comparing disordered eating attitudes and behaviors in Korean women with differing levels of exposure to Western culture...
  46. ncbi request reprint Ovarian hormones and binge eating in bulimia nervosa
    Crystal Edler
    Department of Psychology, University of Iowa, IA 52242, USA
    Psychol Med 37:131-41. 2007
    ..Symptom fluctuation in bulimia nervosa (BN) is related to menstrual cycle phase. However, the relationship between bulimic symptoms and ovarian hormones (estrogens and progesterone) has not been examined directly in women with BN...
  47. ncbi request reprint Assessment of eating disorders: comparison of interview and questionnaire data from a long-term follow-up study of bulimia nervosa
    Pamela K Keel
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA
    J Psychosom Res 53:1043-7. 2002
    ..This paper examines diagnostic agreement between interview and questionnaire assessments of women participating in a long-term follow-up study of bulimia nervosa...
  48. ncbi request reprint Long-term menstrual and reproductive function in patients with bulimia nervosa
    Scott J Crow
    Department ofPsychiatry, University of Minnesota Medical School, Minneapolis, 55454 1495, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 159:1048-50. 2002
    ..Whether this is associated with diminished fertility is unknown. This study examined menstrual and reproductive function in bulimia nervosa patients retrospectively, with 10-15-year follow-ups...
  49. ncbi request reprint Longitudinal comparison of anorexia nervosa subtypes
    Kamryn T Eddy
    Department of Psychiatry, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02114, USA
    Int J Eat Disord 31:191-201. 2002
    ..To compare patients with restricting anorexia nervosa (ANR) and binge/purge anorexia nervosa (ANBP) on measures of impulsivity, course, and outcome...
  50. ncbi request reprint How do eating disorders and alcohol use disorder influence each other?
    Debra L Franko
    Harvard Eating Disorders Center, Department of Psychiatry, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02114, USA
    Int J Eat Disord 38:200-7. 2005
    ..Although eating disorders and alcohol use disorder (AUD) are known to co-occur, the influence of one on the other has not been studied...
  51. ncbi request reprint Predictors of treatment utilization among women with anorexia and bulimia nervosa
    Pamela K Keel
    Department of Psychiatry, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 159:140-2. 2002
    ..The authors sought predictors of treatment utilization among women with eating disorders...
  52. doi request reprint Parental psychopathology as a predictor of long-term outcome in bulimia nervosa patients
    Aimee Arikian
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA
    Eat Disord 16:30-9. 2008
    ..The association between maternal severe depression and long-term outcome in BN suggests that specific parental variables may indicate longer course of BN...
  53. ncbi request reprint Drug abuse in women with eating disorders
    David B Herzog
    Department of Psychiatry, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02114, USA
    Int J Eat Disord 39:364-8. 2006
    ..Drug abuse in women with eating disorders has received relatively little attention. The frequency of drug use disorder (DUD) by specific drug type was examined in the current longitudinal study...
  54. ncbi request reprint Eating disorder diagnoses: empirical approaches to classification
    Stephen A Wonderlich
    Department of Clinical Neuroscience, University of North Dakota School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Fargo, ND 58107 1415, USA
    Am Psychol 62:167-80. 2007
    ..Such studies would enable the creators of the next DSM eating disorder classification to increase understanding of the advantages and disadvantages associated with choosing various diagnostic criteria sets for the eating disorders...
  55. ncbi request reprint Suicidality in eating disorders: occurrence, correlates, and clinical implications
    Debra L Franko
    Department of Counseling and Applied Educational Psychology, Northeastern University, Boston, MA 02115 5000, USA
    Clin Psychol Rev 26:769-82. 2006
    ..Patients with eating disorders, particularly those with comorbid disorders, should be assessed routinely for suicidal ideation, regardless of the severity of eating disorder or depressive symptoms...
  56. ncbi request reprint Alcohol use disorder comorbidity in eating disorders: a multicenter study
    Cynthia M Bulik
    Department of Psychiatry, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 27599 7160, USA
    J Clin Psychiatry 65:1000-6. 2004
    ..Our aim was to explore the nature of the co-morbid relation between AUDs and eating disorders in a large and phenotypically well-characterized group of individuals...
  57. ncbi request reprint Bulimia symptoms and other risk behaviors during pregnancy in women with bulimia nervosa
    Scott J Crow
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55454, USA
    Int J Eat Disord 36:220-3. 2004
    ..The current study examined the change in bulimic symptoms as well as alcohol, drug, and tobacco use during pregnancy in subjects with bulimia nervosa...
  58. doi request reprint Interactions between eating disorders and drug abuse
    Debra L Franko
    Department of Psychiatry, Harris Center for Eating Disorders, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA 02114, USA
    J Nerv Ment Dis 196:556-61. 2008
    ..Drug abuse in women with eating disorders is an area of clinical concern and should be monitored routinely...

Research Grants2

  1. Binge Eating: Clinical Patterns & Biological Correlates
    Pamela Keel; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Further, this study has the potential to identify a new subtype of eating disorder that is worthy of study, treatment, and inclusion in nosological schemes. ..