J S Kaufman

Summary

Affiliation: University of North Carolina
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc Violent crime exposure classification and adverse birth outcomes: a geographically-defined cohort study
    Lynne C Messer
    US Environmental Protection Agency National Human Environmental Effects Research Laboratory, Human Studies Division, MD 58A, Research Triangle Park, NC 27711, USA
    Int J Health Geogr 5:22. 2006
  2. pmc Evaluating the evidence for models of life course socioeconomic factors and cardiovascular outcomes: a systematic review
    Ricardo A Pollitt
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA
    BMC Public Health 5:7. 2005
  3. pmc Measurement error adjustment in essential fatty acid intake from a food frequency questionnaire: alternative approaches and methods
    May A Beydoun
    1Center for Human Nutrition, Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
    BMC Med Res Methodol 7:41. 2007
  4. ncbi request reprint Socioeconomic context
    Jay S Kaufman
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina School of Public Health, McGavran Greenberg Hall, Pitsboro Road, Chapel Hill, 27599 7435, USA
    Epidemiology 17:4-5. 2006
  5. pmc Epidemiologic analysis of racial/ethnic disparities: a rejoinder to Frank and Exner
    Jay S Kaufman
    Department of Epidemiology, UNC School of Public Health, 2104C McGavran Greenberg Hall, Pittsboro Road, CB 7435, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 7435, USA
    Soc Sci Med 66:1678-80. 2008
  6. ncbi request reprint Looking back on "causal thinking in the health sciences"
    J S Kaufman
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina School of Public Health, Chapel Hill 27599 7400, USA
    Annu Rev Public Health 21:101-19. 2000
  7. pmc Multi-level modeling of social factors and preterm delivery in Santiago de Chile
    Jay S Kaufman
    División Epidemiología, Escuela de Salud Publica, La Universidad de Chile, Santiago, Chile
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 8:46. 2008
  8. ncbi request reprint Commentary: Why are we biased against bias?
    Jay S Kaufman
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina, School of Public Health, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 7435, USA
    Int J Epidemiol 37:624-6. 2008
  9. pmc Epidemiologic analysis of racial/ethnic disparities: some fundamental issues and a cautionary example
    Jay S Kaufman
    UNC School of Public Health, Department of Epidemiology, 2104C McGavran Greenberg Hall, Pittsboro Road, CB 7435, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 7435, USA
    Soc Sci Med 66:1659-69. 2008
  10. ncbi request reprint Causal inference from randomized trials in social epidemiology
    Jay S Kaufman
    Department of Epidemiology CB 7435, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina, Pittsboro Road McGavran Greenberg Hall, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 7435, USA
    Soc Sci Med 57:2397-409. 2003

Detail Information

Publications88

  1. pmc Violent crime exposure classification and adverse birth outcomes: a geographically-defined cohort study
    Lynne C Messer
    US Environmental Protection Agency National Human Environmental Effects Research Laboratory, Human Studies Division, MD 58A, Research Triangle Park, NC 27711, USA
    Int J Health Geogr 5:22. 2006
    ..When crime has been used in research, it has been variably defined, resulting in non-comparable associations across studies...
  2. pmc Evaluating the evidence for models of life course socioeconomic factors and cardiovascular outcomes: a systematic review
    Ricardo A Pollitt
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA
    BMC Public Health 5:7. 2005
    ....
  3. pmc Measurement error adjustment in essential fatty acid intake from a food frequency questionnaire: alternative approaches and methods
    May A Beydoun
    1Center for Human Nutrition, Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
    BMC Med Res Methodol 7:41. 2007
    ..To assess these impacts, and for illustrative purposes, alternative approaches and methods were used with the binary outcome of cognitive decline in verbal fluency...
  4. ncbi request reprint Socioeconomic context
    Jay S Kaufman
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina School of Public Health, McGavran Greenberg Hall, Pitsboro Road, Chapel Hill, 27599 7435, USA
    Epidemiology 17:4-5. 2006
  5. pmc Epidemiologic analysis of racial/ethnic disparities: a rejoinder to Frank and Exner
    Jay S Kaufman
    Department of Epidemiology, UNC School of Public Health, 2104C McGavran Greenberg Hall, Pittsboro Road, CB 7435, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 7435, USA
    Soc Sci Med 66:1678-80. 2008
  6. ncbi request reprint Looking back on "causal thinking in the health sciences"
    J S Kaufman
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina School of Public Health, Chapel Hill 27599 7400, USA
    Annu Rev Public Health 21:101-19. 2000
    ..Although the basic outline of the criteria has evolved little, their applications, interrelations, and relative contributions to causal judgments have been the subject of continued and sometimes contentious debate...
  7. pmc Multi-level modeling of social factors and preterm delivery in Santiago de Chile
    Jay S Kaufman
    División Epidemiología, Escuela de Salud Publica, La Universidad de Chile, Santiago, Chile
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 8:46. 2008
    ..Chile is an urbanized Latin American nation classified as "middle-income" based on its annual income per capita of about $6000...
  8. ncbi request reprint Commentary: Why are we biased against bias?
    Jay S Kaufman
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina, School of Public Health, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 7435, USA
    Int J Epidemiol 37:624-6. 2008
  9. pmc Epidemiologic analysis of racial/ethnic disparities: some fundamental issues and a cautionary example
    Jay S Kaufman
    UNC School of Public Health, Department of Epidemiology, 2104C McGavran Greenberg Hall, Pittsboro Road, CB 7435, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 7435, USA
    Soc Sci Med 66:1659-69. 2008
    ....
  10. ncbi request reprint Causal inference from randomized trials in social epidemiology
    Jay S Kaufman
    Department of Epidemiology CB 7435, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina, Pittsboro Road McGavran Greenberg Hall, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 7435, USA
    Soc Sci Med 57:2397-409. 2003
    ..We note the benefit of using the randomized trial as a conceptual model, even for design and interpretation of observational studies in social epidemiology...
  11. ncbi request reprint Modeling community-level effects on preterm birth
    Jay S Kaufman
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina School of Public Health, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 13:377-84. 2003
    ..We demonstrate modeling of community-level socioeconomic influences on risk of preterm birth (< 37 weeks gestation) in the Pregnancy, Infection, and Nutrition (PIN) Study...
  12. ncbi request reprint The slavery hypertension hypothesis: dissemination and appeal of a modern race theory
    Jay S Kaufman
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina School of Public Health, Chapel Hill 27599, USA
    Epidemiology 14:111-8. 2003
  13. ncbi request reprint Whad'ya know? Another view on cultural literacy
    Jay S Kaufman
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina School of Public Health, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
    Epidemiology 13:500-3. 2002
  14. ncbi request reprint Estimating causal effects
    Jay S Kaufman
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina School of Public Health, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 7400, USA
    Int J Epidemiol 31:431-2; discussion 435-8. 2002
  15. ncbi request reprint Commentary: considerations for use of racial/ethnic classification in etiologic research
    J S Kaufman
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina School of Public Health, Chapel Hill, NC, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 154:291-8. 2001
    ..e., social relations) rather than race (i.e., innate biologic predisposition) in the interpretation of racial/ethnic "effects."..
  16. ncbi request reprint Race in epidemiology: new tools, old problems
    Jay S Kaufman
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina School of Public Health, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 7435, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 18:119-23. 2008
  17. ncbi request reprint Commentary: Income inequality and reproductive outcomes--that model is best which models the least
    Jay S Kaufman
    Department of Epidemiology, UNC School of Public Health, 2104C McGavran Greenberg Hall, Pittsboro Road, CB 7435, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 7435, USA
    Int J Epidemiol 34:896-7. 2005
  18. pmc Perceived everyday racism, residential segregation, and HIV testing among patients at a sexually transmitted disease clinic
    Chandra L Ford
    Department of Epidemiology, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA
    Am J Public Health 99:S137-43. 2009
    ..We sought to determine whether perceiving everyday racism and racial segregation influence Black HIV testing behavior...
  19. pmc The female-male disparity in obesity prevalence among black American young adults: contributions of sociodemographic characteristics of the childhood family
    Whitney R Robinson
    Department of Epidemiology and the Carolina Population Center, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 89:1204-12. 2009
    ..In the United States, black women are at much greater risk of obesity than are black men. Little is known about the factors underlying this disparity...
  20. ncbi request reprint The epidemiology of threatened preterm labor: a prospective cohort study
    Melissa L McPheeters
    Departments of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Epidemiology, and Medicine, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 192:1325-9; discussion 1329-30. 2005
    ..The purpose of this study was to describe the occurrence, timing, and outcomes of hospital-based diagnoses of preterm labor...
  21. doi request reprint Partner age difference and prevalence of chlamydial infection among young adult women
    Cheryl R Stein
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 35:447-52. 2008
    ..Sexual partner mixing by age is common among adolescents and adults. Although adolescent girls with older male partners are at increased risk of sexually transmitted infection, the importance of this association in young adults is unclear...
  22. ncbi request reprint A study in contrasts: measures of racial disparity in rates of sexually transmitted disease
    Julia C Dombrowski
    Public Health Leadership Program, University of North Carolina School of Public Health, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 31:149-53. 2004
    ..Although relative measures are commonly used to express health disparities, absolute measures could have more value in public health decision-making...
  23. pmc Association between adult and childhood socioeconomic status and prevalence of the metabolic syndrome in African Americans: the Pitt County Study
    Jaime C Lucove
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
    Am J Public Health 97:234-6. 2007
    ..Differences by gender were observed. Improving access to education among African Americans could reduce risk for the metabolic syndrome, but more research is needed in minority populations...
  24. pmc Maternal weathering and risk of preterm delivery
    Claudia Holzman
    Department of Epidemiology, College of Human Medicine, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
    Am J Public Health 99:1864-71. 2009
    ..We compared the association between advancing maternal age and risk of preterm delivery across 4 groups (Black smokers, Black nonsmokers, White smokers, White nonsmokers) and within the context of neighborhood deprivation levels...
  25. pmc Glen or Glenda: reported gender of sex partners in two statewide HIV databases
    Elizabeth A Torrone
    Department of Epidemiology, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA
    Am J Public Health 100:525-30. 2010
    ..We assessed agreement of reported gender of sex partners in 2 statewide HIV databases linked by client identifiers...
  26. doi request reprint Do the wealthy have a health advantage? Cardiovascular disease risk factors and wealth
    A Hajat
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Michigan, USA
    Soc Sci Med 71:1935-42. 2010
    ....
  27. ncbi request reprint Family socioeconomic status and self-reported sexually transmitted diseases among black and white american adolescents
    Elizabeth Claire Newbern
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599 7435, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 31:533-41. 2004
    ..The objective of this study was to assess associations between socioeconomic status (SES) and adolescent sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) stratified by race and gender...
  28. pmc Ethnic density and preterm birth in African-, Caribbean-, and US-born non-Hispanic black populations in New York City
    Susan M Mason
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 172:800-8. 2010
    ..5, 95% confidence interval: 6.6, 18.4). Ethnic density seems to be more strongly associated with preterm birth for US-born non-Hispanic blacks than for non-Hispanic black immigrants...
  29. pmc Screening young adults for prevalent chlamydial infection in community settings
    Cheryl R Stein
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 18:560-71. 2008
    ..To develop selective screening guidelines appropriate for community settings, the authors conducted a cross-sectional analysis of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health Wave III (April 2, 2001, to May 9, 2002)...
  30. pmc Risk behavior disclosure during HIV test counseling
    Elizabeth Ann Torrone
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Gillings School of Global Public Health, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA
    AIDS Patient Care STDS 24:551-61. 2010
    ..Modifications to the risk assessment process, including better explaining the role of the risk assessment in prevention counseling, may increase the validity of the data...
  31. ncbi request reprint Variations in low birth weight and preterm delivery among blacks in relation to ancestry and nativity: New York City, 1998-2002
    David L Howard
    Carolina Population Center, 211 W Cameron Ave, Chapel Hill, NC 27516, USA
    Pediatrics 118:e1399-405. 2006
    ..This study aimed to test the hypothesis that the risk of low birth weight and preterm birth within the black population varies by maternal ancestry and nativity...
  32. doi request reprint Racial differences in blood pressure response to calcium channel blocker monotherapy: a meta-analysis
    Thu T Nguyen
    Department of Epidemiology, Gillings School of Global Public Health, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA
    Am J Hypertens 22:911-7. 2009
    ..A systematic literature review was conducted to determine whether US blacks and whites have differential blood pressure (BP) response to calcium channel blocker (CCB) monotherapy...
  33. ncbi request reprint Accessing a new medication in Germany: a novel approach to assess a health insurance-related barrier
    Karl J Krobot
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 15:756-61. 2005
    ..Knowledge of the existence, position, and magnitude of barriers to equitable healthcare is an important consideration in shaping healthcare policies...
  34. pmc Male circumcision and women's risk of incident chlamydial, gonococcal, and trichomonal infections
    Abigail Norris Turner
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, McGavran Greenberg Hall, Campus Box 7435, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 7435, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 35:689-95. 2008
    ..We explored associations between MC of the primary sex partner and women's risk of acquisition of chlamydial (Ct), gonococcal (GC), or trichomonal (Tv) infections...
  35. doi request reprint Arthritis in the family practice setting: associations with education and community poverty
    Leigh F Callahan
    The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Thurston Arthritis Rsearch Center, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 7280, USA
    Arthritis Rheum 59:1002-8. 2008
    ..To examine associations of self-reported arthritis in 25 urban and rural family practice clinics with education (individual socioeconomic status) and community poverty (community socioeconomic status)...
  36. pmc Incarceration and risky sexual partnerships in a southern US city
    Maria R Khan
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina, CB 7435, Chapel Hill, NC 27514, USA
    J Urban Health 85:100-13. 2008
    ..Correctional-facility and community-based HIV prevention, with substance abuse treatment, should reach currently and formerly incarcerated individuals and their sexual partners...
  37. ncbi request reprint Effects of racial density and income incongruity on pregnancy outcomes in less segregated communities
    Lisa C Vinikoor
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina School of Public Health, Chapel Hill, NC, USA
    Soc Sci Med 66:255-9. 2008
    ....
  38. pmc Parent perceptions of neighborhood stressors are associated with general health and child respiratory health among low-income, urban families
    Kelly Quinn
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina Gillings School of Global Public Health, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA
    J Asthma 47:281-9. 2010
    ..Identifying factors that covary with lower SES and minority-group status-e.g., stress-is important for understanding asthma's social patterning...
  39. pmc Health-related quality of life in adults from 17 family practice clinics in North Carolina
    Leigh F Callahan
    University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Thurston Arthritis Research Center, 3300 Thurston Bldg, CB 7280, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 7280, USA
    Prev Chronic Dis 6:A05. 2009
    ..We examined health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in white and African American patients based on their own and their community's socioeconomic status...
  40. pmc Military combat and risk of coronary heart disease and ischemic stroke in aging men: The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study
    Anna M Johnson
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, 27514, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 20:143-50. 2010
    ..To assess the long-term association of military combat stress with coronary heart disease (CHD) and ischemic stroke (IS)...
  41. pmc Reliability of variables on the North Carolina birth certificate: a comparison with directly queried values from a cohort study
    Lisa C Vinikoor
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 7453, USA
    Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 24:102-12. 2010
    ..With the exception of a few variables that differed by education, most variables did not differ by stratum of race or education. Our research further supports the use of birth certificates as a reliable source of population-level data...
  42. pmc Stress and the city: housing stressors are associated with respiratory health among low socioeconomic status Chicago children
    Kelly Quinn
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina Gillings School of Global Public Health, Chapel Hill, NC, USA
    J Urban Health 87:688-702. 2010
    ..Interventions to improve asthma outcomes must address individuals' reactions to stress while we seek structural solutions to residential stressors and health inequities...
  43. pmc Depression, sexually transmitted infection, and sexual risk behavior among young adults in the United States
    Maria R Khan
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, NC, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 163:644-52. 2009
    ..To measure associations among depression, sexual risk behaviors, and sexually transmitted infection (STI) among white and black youth in the United States...
  44. pmc Unprotected sex following HIV testing among women in Uganda and Zimbabwe: short- and long-term comparisons with pre-test behaviour
    Abigail Norris Turner
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 7435, USA
    Int J Epidemiol 38:997-1007. 2009
    ..Despite widespread condom promotion for HIV prevention, prospective measurement of condom use before and after HIV testing is infrequent...
  45. pmc Association of obesity with IgE levels and allergy symptoms in children and adolescents: results from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2005-2006
    Cynthia M Visness
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA
    J Allergy Clin Immunol 123:1163-9, 1169.e1-4. 2009
    ..Previous literature on the relationship between obesity and allergic disease has been inconsistent. It is not known whether systemic inflammation could be a factor in this relationship...
  46. doi request reprint Individual actual or perceived property flood risk: did it predict evacuation from Hurricane Isabel in North Carolina, 2003?
    Jennifer A Horney
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina Gillings School of Global Public Health, Campus Box 8165, 400 Roberson Street, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
    Risk Anal 30:501-11. 2010
    ..These findings provide important opportunities for education and intervention by policymakers and authorities to improve hurricane evacuation rates and raise flood risk awareness...
  47. pmc Estimation of the relative excess risk due to interaction and associated confidence bounds
    David B Richardson
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 169:756-60. 2009
    ..The approach presented in this paper should facilitate estimation of RERI and associated likelihood-based confidence bounds, by using standard statistical packages...
  48. pmc Association of childhood obesity with atopic and nonatopic asthma: results from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1999-2006
    Cynthia M Visness
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27517, U S A
    J Asthma 47:822-9. 2010
    ..Some, but not all, studies have shown that the effect of obesity on asthma is stronger among nonatopic individuals than among those with atopy. Systemic inflammation may be a factor in this relationship...
  49. pmc Timing and duration of incarceration and high-risk sexual partnerships among African Americans in North Carolina
    Maria R Khan
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, NC, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 18:403-10. 2008
    ..Incarceration may contribute to HIV transmission by disrupting stable partnerships and promoting high-risk partnerships. We investigated incarceration and high-risk partnerships among African Americans in North Carolina...
  50. pmc The development of a standardized neighborhood deprivation index
    Lynne C Messer
    Department of Environmental Sciences and Engineering, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA
    J Urban Health 83:1041-62. 2006
    ....
  51. ncbi request reprint Cumulative socioeconomic status across the life course and subclinical atherosclerosis
    April P Carson
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, NC 27514, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 17:296-303. 2007
    ..The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between individual-level and neighborhood-level socioeconomic status (SES) across the life course and subclinical atherosclerosis...
  52. ncbi request reprint Spirituality and depressive symptoms in primary care outpatients
    Timothy P Daaleman
    Dept of Family Medicine, Program on Aging, Disability, and Long Term Care, Cecil G Sheps Center for Health Services Research, Univ of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Campus Box 7595, Manning Drive, NC 27599 7595, USA
    South Med J 99:1340-4. 2006
    ..Although many studies have examined the relationship between religiosity and depressive symptoms in patient populations, there has been little work to understand and measure the effect of spirituality on depressive symptoms...
  53. pmc Defining urban and rural areas in U.S. epidemiologic studies
    Susan A Hall
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27709 3398, USA
    J Urban Health 83:162-75. 2006
    ..Further study of the utility of these measures in health studies is warranted...
  54. pmc HIV testing among young adults in the United States: associations with financial resources and geography
    Trang Quyen Nguyen
    Department of Epidemiology, CB 7435, 2105F McGavran Greenberg, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 7435, USA
    Am J Public Health 96:1031-4. 2006
    ..Respondents with functional income were less likely to report testing than were those without functional income, particularly in the South and Northeast. Variable HIV testing based on finances and insurance should be addressed...
  55. ncbi request reprint Kidney disease in life-course socioeconomic context: the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study
    David A Shoham
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, and UNC Kidney Center, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 7156, USA
    Am J Kidney Dis 49:217-26. 2007
    ..Persons belonging to the working class or living in an adverse social environment at particular periods of their life course may have an increased risk of chronic kidney disease (CKD)...
  56. ncbi request reprint Black sexuality, social construction, and research targeting 'The Down Low' ('The DL')
    Chandra L Ford
    Department of Social Medicine, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 17:209-16. 2007
    ....
  57. ncbi request reprint Four methods of estimating the minimal important difference score were compared to establish a clinically significant change in Headache Impact Test
    Remy R Coeytaux
    Department of Family Medicine, University of North Carolina School of Medicine, Campus Box 7595, Chapel Hill, 27599 7595, USA
    J Clin Epidemiol 59:374-80. 2006
    ..To estimate the smallest decrease in Headache Impact Test (HIT) scores that reflects meaningful clinical change among patients with chronic daily headache (CDH)...
  58. ncbi request reprint Neighborhood crime, deprivation, and preterm birth
    Lynne C Messer
    Departments of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 16:455-62. 2006
    ..Significant racial disparity in preterm birth (PTB; birth at <37 weeks' gestation) exists, poorly explained by Individual-level factors. This research explores whether neighborhood crime contributes to the racial disparity in PTB...
  59. ncbi request reprint Pregnancy intendedness, maternal psychosocial factors and preterm birth
    Lynne C Messer
    USEPA NHEERL Human Studies Division MD 58A, Research Triangle Park, NC 27711, USA
    Matern Child Health J 9:403-12. 2005
    ..This study examined associations between reported pregnancy intendedness and several maternal psychosocial factors in relation to preterm birth (<37 weeks' completed gestation)...
  60. ncbi request reprint Proximity of supermarkets is positively associated with diet quality index for pregnancy
    Barbara A Laraia
    Department of Nutrition, University of North Carolina, Carolina Population Center, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
    Prev Med 39:869-75. 2004
    ..To investigate the association between distance to the closest supermarket and a composite measure of diet, the diet quality index for pregnancy (DQI-P) was constructed...
  61. ncbi request reprint Racial disparities in health between white and African American family practice patients: clinical implications
    Remy R Coeytaux
    Department of Family Medicine, University of North Carolina School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 7595, USA
    N C Med J 65:330-4. 2004
    ..To identify differences in self-reported health status and prevalence of chronic disease between African American and white patients...
  62. ncbi request reprint Mediation and modification of the association between hopelessness, hostility, and progression of carotid atherosclerosis
    Ricardo A Pollitt
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, The University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599 7435, USA
    J Behav Med 28:53-64. 2005
    ..SBP significantly modified the relation between hostility and PCA in participants of moderate hostility. The above biological pathways are implicated in the mechanisms connecting hopelessness, hostility, and PCA...
  63. ncbi request reprint Urbanization and breast cancer incidence in North Carolina, 1995-1999
    Susan A Hall
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 7439, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 15:796-803. 2005
    ..We investigated the relationship between urbanization and breast cancer in North Carolina (1995-1999), and considered hospital characteristics as an explanation...
  64. ncbi request reprint Bounding causal effects under uncontrolled confounding using counterfactuals
    Richard F MacLehose
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina School of Public Health, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 7435, USA
    Epidemiology 16:548-55. 2005
    ..These bounds on causal effect under uncontrolled confounding complement standard sensitivity analyses by providing a range within which the causal effect must lie given the validity of the assumptions...
  65. ncbi request reprint Maternal urine albumin excretion and pregnancy outcome
    Nora Franceschini
    Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, NC 27599 7155, USA
    Am J Kidney Dis 45:1010-8. 2005
    ..The relationship between increased urine albumin excretion (albuminuria), a marker of endothelial dysfunction, and preterm birth has not been fully evaluated...
  66. ncbi request reprint Association between reproductive factors and breast cancer survival in younger women
    Katrina F Trivers
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, CB 7435, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 7435, USA
    Breast Cancer Res Treat 103:93-102. 2007
    ..These results may help elucidate breast cancer progression mechanisms and enable a better understanding of how reproductive characteristics influence breast cancer survival...
  67. ncbi request reprint Assessment of structured socioeconomic effects on health
    J S Kaufman
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina School of Public Health, Chapel Hill 27599-7400, USA
    Epidemiology 12:157-67. 2001
    ....
  68. pmc Obesity, race/ethnicity and life course socioeconomic status across the transition from adolescence to adulthood
    M SCHAROUN-LEE
    Department of Nutrition, Schools of Public Health and Medicine, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27516 3997, USA
    J Epidemiol Community Health 63:133-9. 2009
    ..The aim of this study was to examine racial/ethnic differences in the influence of life course SES on longitudinal obesity patterns from adolescence to adulthood...
  69. doi request reprint Cumulative life course and adult socioeconomic status and markers of inflammation in adulthood
    R A Pollitt
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, NC, USA
    J Epidemiol Community Health 62:484-91. 2008
    ....
  70. pmc Impact of physician assistant care on office visit resource use in the United States
    Perri A Morgan
    Department of Community and Family Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, 3848 DUMC, Durham, NC 27710, USA
    Health Serv Res 43:1906-22. 2008
    ..To investigate whether the use of physician assistants (PAs) as providers for a substantive portion of a patient's office-based visits affects office visit resource use...
  71. pmc Men's circumcision status and women's risk of HIV acquisition in Zimbabwe and Uganda
    Abigail Norris Turner
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
    AIDS 21:1779-89. 2007
    ..To assess whether male circumcision of the primary sex partner is associated with women's risk of HIV...
  72. ncbi request reprint Cross-sectional association between perceived discrimination and hypertension in African-American men and women: the Pitt County Study
    Calpurnyia B Roberts
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27514, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 167:624-32. 2008
    ..These results indicate that the type and frequency of discrimination perceived by African-American men and women may differentially affect their risk of hypertension...
  73. pmc Neighborhood factors associated with physical activity and adequacy of weight gain during pregnancy
    Barbara Laraia
    Division of Prevention Sciences, Univeristy of California, San Francisco Center for Health and Community, Campus Box 0844, 3333 California Street, Suite 465, San Francisco, CA 94118, USA
    J Urban Health 84:793-806. 2007
    ..Physical incivilities and social spaces neighborhood characteristics may be important to measure to improve our understanding of the potential mechanisms through which neighborhood environments influence health...
  74. pmc Race, wealth, and solid waste facilities in North Carolina
    Jennifer M Norton
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 115:1344-50. 2007
    ....
  75. ncbi request reprint Neighborhood deprivation and preterm birth among non-Hispanic Black and White women in eight geographic areas in the United States
    Patricia O'Campo
    Centre for Research on Inner City Health, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Am J Epidemiol 167:155-63. 2008
    ..08, 1.23) for non-Hispanic Blacks. In this study, deprivation at the neighborhood level was significantly associated with increased risk of preterm birth among both non-Hispanic White women and non-Hispanic Black women...
  76. ncbi request reprint Faulty interpretation of observed racial disparity in recurrent preterm birth
    Jay S Kaufman
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 197:327; author reply 327-8. 2007
  77. ncbi request reprint Poverty, education, race, and pregnancy outcome
    David A Savitz
    Carolina Population Center, Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599 7435, USA
    Ethn Dis 14:322-9. 2004
    ..7, 95% CI: 1.1, 2.7). Socioeconomic indicators appear to have complex joint effect patterns among racial subgroups, perhaps because the material and psychological implications of education and income status differ between groups...
  78. ncbi request reprint Re: "Appropriate assessment of neighborhood effects on individual health: integrating random and fixed effects in multilevel logistic regression"
    Jay S Kaufman
    Am J Epidemiol 162:602-3; author reply 603. 2005
  79. ncbi request reprint n-3 Fatty acids, hypertension and risk of cognitive decline among older adults in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study
    May A Beydoun
    Center for Human Nutrition, Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 N Wolfe Street E2610, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Public Health Nutr 11:17-29. 2008
    ..Recent research indicates that n-3 fatty acids can inhibit cognitive decline, perhaps differentially by hypertensive status...
  80. doi request reprint A formal decision analysis identifies an optimal treatment strategy in a resource-poor setting
    Kristi J McClamroch
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, University of Albany, SUNY, Rensselaer, NY 12144, USA
    J Clin Epidemiol 61:776-87. 2008
    ..An optimal policy is the one with the lowest expected net cost. In this paper, decision analytic techniques for treatment selection based on patient characteristics are applied to a resource-poor setting...
  81. pmc Direct observation of neighborhood attributes in an urban area of the US south: characterizing the social context of pregnancy
    Barbara A Laraia
    Department of Nutrition and Carolina Population Center, CB 8120, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
    Int J Health Geogr 5:11. 2006
    ..In this paper, we describe a neighborhood data collection effort tailored to a southern urban area...
  82. ncbi request reprint Plasma n-3 fatty acids and the risk of cognitive decline in older adults: the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study
    May A Beydoun
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 85:1103-11. 2007
    ..Plasma fatty acids may affect the risk of cognitive decline in older adults...
  83. ncbi request reprint Interactions with income
    Jay S Kaufman
    Epidemiology 17:342-3; author reply 343. 2006
  84. doi request reprint Infrequent chlamydial testing among young adults: financial and regional differences
    Trang Quyen Nguyen
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 35:725-30. 2008
    ..We describe the national and regional prevalence of self-reported chlamydial infection (Ct) testing and examine how financial resources might be associated with Ct testing...
  85. ncbi request reprint Racial differences in clinical progression among Medicare recipients after treatment for localized prostate cancer (United States)
    Jacob H Cohen
    Department of Urology, SUNY Downstate Medical School, Brooklyn, NY, USA
    Cancer Causes Control 17:803-11. 2006
    ..We investigate differences in disease-free survival among white, black, Hispanic, and Asian patients in a large, population-based database...
  86. ncbi request reprint A randomized controlled trial of acupuncture for initiation of labor in nulliparous women
    Terry C Harper
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of North Carolina, NC, USA
    J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 19:465-70. 2006
    ..To evaluate the utility of outpatient acupuncture for labor stimulation...
  87. ncbi request reprint Early-life and adult socioeconomic status and inflammatory risk markers in adulthood
    Ricardo A Pollitt
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 137 E Franklin Street, Bank of America Center, Chapel Hill, NC 27514, USA
    Eur J Epidemiol 22:55-66. 2007
    ....
  88. ncbi request reprint Oral contraceptives and survival in breast cancer patients aged 20 to 54 years
    Katrina F Trivers
    Division of Cancer Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 4770 Buford Highway, NE, MS K 52, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 16:1822-7. 2007
    ....