R H Kallet

Summary

Affiliation: University of California
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Exacerbation of acute pulmonary edema during assisted mechanical ventilation using a low-tidal volume, lung-protective ventilator strategy
    R H Kallet
    Department of Anesthesia, University of California, San Francisco, at San Francisco General Hospital, 94110, USA
    Chest 116:1826-32. 1999
  2. ncbi request reprint Prognostic value of the pulmonary dead-space fraction during the first 6 days of acute respiratory distress syndrome
    Richard H Kallet
    Cardiovascular Research Institute, Department of Anesthesia, University of California, San Francisco, USA
    Respir Care 49:1008-14. 2004
  3. ncbi request reprint How to write the methods section of a research paper
    Richard H Kallet
    Respiratory Care Services, San Francisco General Hospital, NH GA 2, 1001 Potrero Avenue, San Francisco, CA 94110, USA
    Respir Care 49:1229-32. 2004
  4. doi request reprint Patient-ventilator interaction during acute lung injury, and the role of spontaneous breathing: part 2: airway pressure release ventilation
    Richard H Kallet
    Department of Anesthesia, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA
    Respir Care 56:190-203; discussion 203-6. 2011
  5. ncbi request reprint Respiratory controversies in the critical care setting. Do the NIH ARDS Clinical Trials Network PEEP/FIO2 tables provide the best evidence-based guide to balancing PEEP and FIO2 settings in adults?
    Richard H Kallet
    Cardiovascular Research Institute, Respiratory Care Services, Department of Anesthesia, San Francisco General Hospital, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA
    Respir Care 52:461-75; discussion 475-7. 2007
  6. ncbi request reprint The role of inhaled opioids and furosemide for the treatment of dyspnea
    Richard H Kallet
    Respiratory Care Services, San Francisco General Hospital, NH GA 2, 1001 Potrero Avenue, San Francisco CA 94110, USA
    Respir Care 52:900-10. 2007
  7. ncbi request reprint The spontaneous breathing pattern and work of breathing of patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome and acute lung injury
    Richard H Kallet
    Critical Care Division, Department of Anesthesia, University of California, San Francisco General Hospital, NH GA 2, 1001 Potrero Avenue, San Francisco CA 94110, USA
    Respir Care 52:989-95. 2007
  8. ncbi request reprint The physiologic effects of noninvasive ventilation
    Richard H Kallet
    Department of Anesthesia, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco General Hospital, San Francisco, CA 94110, USA
    Respir Care 54:102-15. 2009
  9. ncbi request reprint Noninvasive ventilation in acute care: controversies and emerging concepts
    Richard H Kallet
    San Francisco General Hospital, San Francisco, CA 94110, USA
    Respir Care 54:259-63. 2009
  10. ncbi request reprint What is the legacy of the National Institutes of Health Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome Network?
    Richard H Kallet
    Department of Anesthesia, University of California, San Fransisco, CA, USA
    Respir Care 54:912-24. 2009

Detail Information

Publications40

  1. ncbi request reprint Exacerbation of acute pulmonary edema during assisted mechanical ventilation using a low-tidal volume, lung-protective ventilator strategy
    R H Kallet
    Department of Anesthesia, University of California, San Francisco, at San Francisco General Hospital, 94110, USA
    Chest 116:1826-32. 1999
    ..To assess the magnitude of negative intrathoracic pressure development in a patient whose pulmonary edema acutely worsened immediately following the institution of a low-tidal volume (VT) strategy...
  2. ncbi request reprint Prognostic value of the pulmonary dead-space fraction during the first 6 days of acute respiratory distress syndrome
    Richard H Kallet
    Cardiovascular Research Institute, Department of Anesthesia, University of California, San Francisco, USA
    Respir Care 49:1008-14. 2004
    ..35 and 0.55. However, VD/VT has seldom been measured with consideration to the evolving pathophysiology of ARDS...
  3. ncbi request reprint How to write the methods section of a research paper
    Richard H Kallet
    Respiratory Care Services, San Francisco General Hospital, NH GA 2, 1001 Potrero Avenue, San Francisco, CA 94110, USA
    Respir Care 49:1229-32. 2004
    ..For clarity, when a large amount of detail must be presented, information should be presented in sub-sections according to topic. Material in each section should be organized by topic from most to least important...
  4. doi request reprint Patient-ventilator interaction during acute lung injury, and the role of spontaneous breathing: part 2: airway pressure release ventilation
    Richard H Kallet
    Department of Anesthesia, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA
    Respir Care 56:190-203; discussion 203-6. 2011
    ..To date, low-level evidence suggests that promoting spontaneous breathing with APRV/BIPAP may not be appropriate in patients with relatively severe ALI/ARDS...
  5. ncbi request reprint Respiratory controversies in the critical care setting. Do the NIH ARDS Clinical Trials Network PEEP/FIO2 tables provide the best evidence-based guide to balancing PEEP and FIO2 settings in adults?
    Richard H Kallet
    Cardiovascular Research Institute, Respiratory Care Services, Department of Anesthesia, San Francisco General Hospital, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA
    Respir Care 52:461-75; discussion 475-7. 2007
    ....
  6. ncbi request reprint The role of inhaled opioids and furosemide for the treatment of dyspnea
    Richard H Kallet
    Respiratory Care Services, San Francisco General Hospital, NH GA 2, 1001 Potrero Avenue, San Francisco CA 94110, USA
    Respir Care 52:900-10. 2007
    ..However, until these studies are done, the risk/benefit ratio favors use of aerosolized opioids and furosemide in selected patients, based on the principle of compassionate care...
  7. ncbi request reprint The spontaneous breathing pattern and work of breathing of patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome and acute lung injury
    Richard H Kallet
    Critical Care Division, Department of Anesthesia, University of California, San Francisco General Hospital, NH GA 2, 1001 Potrero Avenue, San Francisco CA 94110, USA
    Respir Care 52:989-95. 2007
    ..We examined the relationship between f/VT, WOB, and respiratory system mechanics in patients with ARDS/ALI...
  8. ncbi request reprint The physiologic effects of noninvasive ventilation
    Richard H Kallet
    Department of Anesthesia, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco General Hospital, San Francisco, CA 94110, USA
    Respir Care 54:102-15. 2009
    ..In general, patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease have a higher tendency toward decreased cardiac output at high levels of inspiratory pressure-assist, compared to those with acute lung injury...
  9. ncbi request reprint Noninvasive ventilation in acute care: controversies and emerging concepts
    Richard H Kallet
    San Francisco General Hospital, San Francisco, CA 94110, USA
    Respir Care 54:259-63. 2009
    ..This paper summarizes the major findings from each presentation and the discussions that followed...
  10. ncbi request reprint What is the legacy of the National Institutes of Health Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome Network?
    Richard H Kallet
    Department of Anesthesia, University of California, San Fransisco, CA, USA
    Respir Care 54:912-24. 2009
    ..This has raised the profile and enhanced the stature of the respiratory care profession...
  11. ncbi request reprint Alveolar dead-space response to activated protein C in acute respiratory distress syndrome
    Richard H Kallet
    Department of Anesthesia, University of California, San Francisco at San Francisco General Hospital, San Francisco, California 94110, USA
    Respir Care 55:617-22. 2010
    ..This report provides indirect evidence that microvascular obstruction may play an important role in elevated V(D)/V(T) in early ARDS caused by severe sepsis...
  12. doi request reprint Patient-ventilator interaction during acute lung injury, and the role of spontaneous breathing: part 1: respiratory muscle function during critical illness
    Richard H Kallet
    Department of Anesthesia, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA
    Respir Care 56:181-9. 2011
    ..Use of mechanical ventilation modes in a manner that induces spontaneous breathing effort, while simultaneously reducing the work load on the respiratory muscles, is probably sufficient to minimize both problems...
  13. ncbi request reprint Evidence-based management of acute lung injury and acute respiratory distress syndrome
    Richard H Kallet
    Cardiovascular Research Institute, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA
    Respir Care 49:793-809. 2004
    ..Although most pharmacologic ALI/ARDS therapies have been ineffective, high-dose methylprednisolone is indicated in the subgroups of ALI/ARDS patients who have pneumonia or are at risk of ARDS due to fat embolization...
  14. ncbi request reprint The treatment of acidosis in acute lung injury with tris-hydroxymethyl aminomethane (THAM)
    R H Kallet
    Department of Anesthesia and Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, University of California, San Francisco at San Francisco General Hospital, San Francisco, California 94110, USA
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 161:1149-53. 2000
    ..Although further studies are needed to confirm these observations, THAM appears to be an effective alternative to sodium bicarbonate for treating acidosis during ALI...
  15. ncbi request reprint Improved flow and pressure capabilities of the Datex-Ohmeda SmartVent anesthesia ventilator
    J A Katz
    Department of Anesthesia, UCSF Mount Zion Medical Center, San Francisco, CA 94143 1605, USA
    J Clin Anesth 12:40-7. 2000
    ..To determine airway pressure and minute ventilation thresholds for intraoperative use of a critical care ventilator...
  16. ncbi request reprint Lung collapse during low tidal volume ventilation in acute respiratory distress syndrome
    R H Kallet
    Respiratory Care Services, Department of Anesthesia, University of California San Francisco, at San Francisco General Hospital, NH GA2, 1001 Potrero Avenue, San Francisco CA 94110, USA
    Respir Care 46:49-52. 2001
    ..Use of high positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) levels with low V(T) ventilation may not counter this effect, because regional differences in intra-abdominal hydrostatic pressure may diminish the volume-stabilizing effects of PEEP...
  17. ncbi request reprint Measuring intra-esophageal pressure to assess transmural pulmonary arterial occlusion pressure in patients with acute lung injury: a case series and review
    R H Kallet
    Department of Anesthesia, University of California, San Francisco, USA
    Respir Care 45:1072-84. 2000
    ..However, both PAOP and P(PL) are influenced by transmitted PEEP and transmitted intra-abdominal pressure (IAP). We compared PAOP(TM) calculated by measuring intra-esophageal pressure (P(ES)) with PAOP(TM) estimated by clinical formulas...
  18. ncbi request reprint The effects of pressure control versus volume control assisted ventilation on patient work of breathing in acute lung injury and acute respiratory distress syndrome
    R H Kallet
    Department of Anesthesia, University of California, San Francisco General Hospital, 94110, USA
    Respir Care 45:1085-96. 2000
    ..In contrast, pressure control ventilation (PCV) incorporates a variable decelerating flow wave form with a high ventilator V(I) as inspiration commences. We compared the effects of flow patterns on assisted WOB during VCV and PCV...
  19. ncbi request reprint Effects of tidal volume on work of breathing during lung-protective ventilation in patients with acute lung injury and acute respiratory distress syndrome
    Richard H Kallet
    Critical Care Division, Department of Anesthesia, University of California, San Francisco at San Francisco General Hospital, San Francisco, CA 94110, USA
    Crit Care Med 34:8-14. 2006
    ..To assess the effects of step-changes in tidal volume on work of breathing during lung-protective ventilation in patients with acute lung injury (ALI) or the acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)...
  20. pmc Low tidal volume ventilation is associated with reduced mortality in HIV-infected patients with acute lung injury
    J L Davis
    Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, San Francisco General Hospital, University of California, San Francisco, California 94110, USA
    Thorax 63:988-93. 2008
    ..A secondary aim was to compare mortality before and after introduction of a low tidal volume ventilation protocol in 2000...
  21. ncbi request reprint Implementation of a low tidal volume ventilation protocol for patients with acute lung injury or acute respiratory distress syndrome
    R H Kallet
    National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute s ARDS acute respiratory distress syndrome Network, University of California, San Francisco, California, USA
    Respir Care 46:1024-37. 2001
    ..Pressure support levels should be weaned aggressively, as long as the protocol's weaning tolerance criteria can be maintained...
  22. ncbi request reprint Pulmonary dead-space fraction as a risk factor for death in the acute respiratory distress syndrome
    Thomas J Nuckton
    Cardiovascular Research Institute, Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco 94143 0130, USA
    N Engl J Med 346:1281-6. 2002
    ....
  23. pmc Randomized clinical trial of activated protein C for the treatment of acute lung injury
    Kathleen D Liu
    Division of Nephrology and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine, Box 0532, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94143 0532, USA
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 178:618-23. 2008
    ..Plasma protein C levels are decreased in patients with acute lung injury and are associated with higher mortality and fewer ventilator-free days...
  24. ncbi request reprint Description and evaluation of a delivery system for aerosolized prostacyclin
    Mark S Siobal
    Respiratory Care Services, San Francisco General Hospital, NH GA 2, 1001 Potrero Avenue, San Francisco CA 94110, USA
    Respir Care 48:742-53. 2003
    ..Because of the technical limitations of previously described methods, we developed a PGI(2) delivery technique that allows the aerosolized drug dose to be easily calculated, set, and adjusted...
  25. pmc Predictors of mortality in acute lung injury during the era of lung protective ventilation
    E Seeley
    Department of Medicine, Cardiovascular Research Institute, University of California, San Francisco, California, USA
    Thorax 63:994-8. 2008
    ....
  26. ncbi request reprint Pressure-volume curves in the management of acute respiratory distress syndrome
    Richard H Kallet
    Critical Care Division, Department of Anesthesia, University of California San Francisco at San Francisco General Hospital, 1001 Potrero Avenue, San Francisco, CA 94110, USA
    Respir Care Clin N Am 9:321-41. 2003
    ....
  27. ncbi request reprint Clinical implementation of the ARDS network protocol is associated with reduced hospital mortality compared with historical controls
    Richard H Kallet
    Department of Anesthesia, University of California, San Francisco at San Francisco General Hospital, California, USA
    Crit Care Med 33:925-9. 2005
    ..To assess the impact of implementing a low tidal volume ventilation strategy on hospital mortality for patients with acute lung injury or acute respiratory distress syndrome...
  28. ncbi request reprint Respiratory system mechanics in acute respiratory distress syndrome
    Richard H Kallet
    Critical Care Division, Department of Anesthesia, University of California San Francisco at San Francisco General Hospital, 1001 Potrero Avenue, San Francisco, CA 94110, USA
    Respir Care Clin N Am 9:297-319. 2003
    ....
  29. ncbi request reprint Work of breathing during lung-protective ventilation in patients with acute lung injury and acute respiratory distress syndrome: a comparison between volume and pressure-regulated breathing modes
    Richard H Kallet
    Critical Care Division, Department of Anesthesia, University of California, San Francisco, USA
    Respir Care 50:1623-31. 2005
    ..We tested whether PCV and PRVC reduce WOB better than VCV with a high, fixed peak V (I) (75 L/min) while also maintaining a low V(T) target...
  30. ncbi request reprint Detection of patient-ventilator asynchrony during low tidal volume ventilation, using ventilator waveform graphics
    Richard H Kallet
    National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute s ARDS Network, University of California, San Francisco General Hospital, 94110, USA
    Respir Care 47:183-5. 2002
  31. ncbi request reprint The effects of tidal volume demand on work of breathing during simulated lung-protective ventilation
    Richard H Kallet
    Respiratory Care Services, Department of Anesthesia, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco General Hospital, NH GA 2, 1001 Potrero Avenue, CA 9411, USA
    Respir Care 47:898-909. 2002
    ..We investigated (1) the effects of V(T) demand on WOB during LPV and (2) which ventilator pattern best reduced WOB while achieving LPV goals...
  32. ncbi request reprint Accuracy of physiologic dead space measurements in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome using volumetric capnography: comparison with the metabolic monitor method
    Richard H Kallet
    Cardiovascular Research Institute, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA
    Respir Care 50:462-7. 2005
    ..We investigated the accuracy of volumetric capnography in measuring V(D)/V(T), compared to both uncorrected and corrected measurements, using a metabolic monitor in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)...
  33. ncbi request reprint Tracheal-innominate artery fistula caused by the endotracheal tube tip: case report and investigation of a fatal complication of prolonged intubation
    M Siobal
    Respiratory Care Services, Department of Anesthesia, San Francisco General Hospital, University of California, San Francisco, California 94110, USA
    Respir Care 46:1012-8. 2001
    ..The special ETT construction required for the subglottic suction feature was suspected to have increased tube rigidity and may have played a contributory role...
  34. ncbi request reprint Management of acidosis during lung-protective ventilation in acute respiratory distress syndrome
    Richard H Kallet
    Critical Care Division, Department of Anesthesia, University of California San Francisco at San Francisco General Hospital, 1001 Potrero Avenue, San Francisco, CA 94110, USA
    Respir Care Clin N Am 9:437-56. 2003
    ..When renal failure is present, CRRT is indicated to manage acidosis. When ARDS is complicated by traumatic or hemorrhagic shock, overresuscitation with Cl(-)-rich solutions should be avoided to prevent metabolic acidosis...
  35. ncbi request reprint Respiratory controversies in the critical care setting. Should recruitment maneuvers be used in the management of ALI and ARDS?
    Robert M Kacmarek
    Respiratory Care Services, Massachusetts General Hospital, and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02114, USA
    Respir Care 52:622-31; discussion 631-5. 2007
    ..We explore both sides of the lung recruitment controversy...
  36. ncbi request reprint The gastrointestinal tract and ventilator-associated pneumonia
    Richard H Kallet
    Cardiovascular Research Institute, University of California, San Francsico, USA
    Respir Care 50:910-21; discussion 921-3. 2005
    ..Third, post-pyloric enteral feeding may reduce the incidence of VAP...
  37. ncbi request reprint Use of dexmedetomidine to facilitate extubation in surgical intensive-care-unit patients who failed previous weaning attempts following prolonged mechanical ventilation: a pilot study
    Mark S Siobal
    Respiratory Care Services, Department of Anesthesia and Perioperative Care, San Francisco General Hospital, CA 94110, USA
    Respir Care 51:492-6. 2006
    ....
  38. ncbi request reprint Intrinsic positive end-expiratory pressure in Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) Network subjects
    Catherine Lee Hough
    Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine at the University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA
    Crit Care Med 33:527-32. 2005
    ....
  39. pmc Postobstructive pulmonary edema: a case for hydrostatic mechanisms
    Richard D Fremont
    Division of Allergy, Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Vanderbilt University, T1218 MCN, 1161 Twenty First Ave S, Nashville, TN 37232 2650, USA
    Chest 131:1742-6. 2007
    ..The goal of the current study was to investigate the mechanisms of pulmonary edema formation in patients with postobstructive pulmonary edema by serial sampling of undiluted pulmonary edema fluid...
  40. ncbi request reprint Capnography and respiratory care in the 21st century
    Richard H Kallet
    Respir Care 53:860-1. 2008