Lloyd Johnston

Summary

Affiliation: University of Michigan
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Trends in recall and appraisal of anti-smoking advertising among American youth: national survey results, 1997-2001
    Lloyd D Johnston
    University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48106 1248, USA
    Prev Sci 6:1-19. 2005
  2. ncbi request reprint Sports participation and physical education in American secondary schools: current levels and racial/ethnic and socioeconomic disparities
    Lloyd D Johnston
    Survey Research Center, Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
    Am J Prev Med 33:S195-208. 2007
  3. ncbi request reprint Soft drink availability, contracts, and revenues in American secondary schools
    Lloyd D Johnston
    Survey Research Center, Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
    Am J Prev Med 33:S209-25. 2007
  4. ncbi request reprint Methods, locations, and ease of cigarette access for American youth, 1997-2002
    Lloyd D Johnston
    Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48106, USA
    Am J Prev Med 27:267-76. 2004
  5. ncbi request reprint Effects of school-level norms on student substance use
    Revathy Kumar
    Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA
    Prev Sci 3:105-24. 2002
  6. pmc Substance use among adults 35 years of age: prevalence, adulthood predictors, and impact of adolescent substance use
    Alicia C Merline
    Institute for Social Research, and Department of Psychology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, 48106, USA
    Am J Public Health 94:96-102. 2004
  7. ncbi request reprint School tobacco control policies related to students' smoking and attitudes toward smoking: national survey results, 1999-2000
    Revathy Kumar
    Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor 48106 1248, USA
    Health Educ Behav 32:780-94. 2005
  8. pmc Saying no to marijuana: why American youth report quitting or abstaining
    Yvonne M Terry-McElrath
    Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, 426 Thompson Street, Room 2341, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48106 1248, USA
    J Stud Alcohol Drugs 69:796-805. 2008
  9. ncbi request reprint State anti-tobacco advertising and smoking outcomes by gender and race/ethnicity
    Yvonne M Terry-McElrath
    Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48106 1248, USA
    Ethn Health 12:339-62. 2007
  10. ncbi request reprint The epidemiology of overweight and related lifestyle behaviors: racial/ethnic and socioeconomic status differences among American youth
    Jorge Delva
    Survey Research Center, Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
    Am J Prev Med 33:S178-86. 2007

Research Grants

  1. A Cohort-Sequential Panal Study of Drug Use, Ages 19-50
    Lloyd D Johnston; Fiscal Year: 2010
  2. DRUG USE AND LIFESTYLE OF AMERICAN YOUTH
    Lloyd Johnston; Fiscal Year: 2001
  3. DRUG USE AND LIFESTYLES OF AMERICAN YOUTH
    Lloyd D Johnston; Fiscal Year: 2010
  4. DRUG USE AND LIFESTYLES OF AMERICAN YOUTH
    Lloyd Johnston; Fiscal Year: 2009
  5. A Cohort-Sequential Panal Study of Drug Use, Ages 19-50
    Lloyd Johnston; Fiscal Year: 2009
  6. DRUG USE AND LIFESTYLES OF AMERICAN YOUTH
    Lloyd Johnston; Fiscal Year: 2007
  7. A Cohort-Sequential Panal Study of Drug Use, Ages 19-50
    Lloyd Johnston; Fiscal Year: 2007
  8. A Cohort-Sequential Panel Study of Drug Use, Ages 19-45
    Lloyd Johnston; Fiscal Year: 2006
  9. DRUG USE AND LIFESTYLES OF AMERICAN YOUTH
    Lloyd Johnston; Fiscal Year: 2006
  10. DRUG USE AND LIFESTYLES OF AMERICAN YOUTH
    Lloyd Johnston; Fiscal Year: 1980

Detail Information

Publications39

  1. ncbi request reprint Trends in recall and appraisal of anti-smoking advertising among American youth: national survey results, 1997-2001
    Lloyd D Johnston
    University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48106 1248, USA
    Prev Sci 6:1-19. 2005
    ..Further, these trends were significantly associated with various characteristics-most notably, ethnicity, smoking behaviors, and residence in a state with an ongoing tobacco-control program having a media component...
  2. ncbi request reprint Sports participation and physical education in American secondary schools: current levels and racial/ethnic and socioeconomic disparities
    Lloyd D Johnston
    Survey Research Center, Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
    Am J Prev Med 33:S195-208. 2007
    ....
  3. ncbi request reprint Soft drink availability, contracts, and revenues in American secondary schools
    Lloyd D Johnston
    Survey Research Center, Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
    Am J Prev Med 33:S209-25. 2007
    ..Differences between middle and high schools are also examined...
  4. ncbi request reprint Methods, locations, and ease of cigarette access for American youth, 1997-2002
    Lloyd D Johnston
    Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48106, USA
    Am J Prev Med 27:267-76. 2004
    ....
  5. ncbi request reprint Effects of school-level norms on student substance use
    Revathy Kumar
    Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA
    Prev Sci 3:105-24. 2002
    ..These results argue for prevention programs that include creation of an overarching environment of disapproval of substance use in schools...
  6. pmc Substance use among adults 35 years of age: prevalence, adulthood predictors, and impact of adolescent substance use
    Alicia C Merline
    Institute for Social Research, and Department of Psychology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, 48106, USA
    Am J Public Health 94:96-102. 2004
    ..We examined the prevalence of substance use among American adults aged 35 years, and we considered adulthood predictors and the impact of adolescent substance use...
  7. ncbi request reprint School tobacco control policies related to students' smoking and attitudes toward smoking: national survey results, 1999-2000
    Revathy Kumar
    Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor 48106 1248, USA
    Health Educ Behav 32:780-94. 2005
    ..Permitting staff to smoke was significantly positively associated with students' daily cigarette use and negatively with their disapproval of cigarette use. Policy implications are discussed...
  8. pmc Saying no to marijuana: why American youth report quitting or abstaining
    Yvonne M Terry-McElrath
    Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, 426 Thompson Street, Room 2341, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48106 1248, USA
    J Stud Alcohol Drugs 69:796-805. 2008
    ..S. youths regarding their self-reported reasons for abstaining from or quitting marijuana use and the relationships between such reasons and individual sociodemographic characteristics of gender and race/ethnicity...
  9. ncbi request reprint State anti-tobacco advertising and smoking outcomes by gender and race/ethnicity
    Yvonne M Terry-McElrath
    Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48106 1248, USA
    Ethn Health 12:339-62. 2007
    ....
  10. ncbi request reprint The epidemiology of overweight and related lifestyle behaviors: racial/ethnic and socioeconomic status differences among American youth
    Jorge Delva
    Survey Research Center, Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
    Am J Prev Med 33:S178-86. 2007
    ..The possible role of a number of lifestyle behaviors and family/parenting factors in explaining these differences was then explored...
  11. ncbi request reprint Variation in obesity among American secondary school students by school and school characteristics
    Patrick M O'Malley
    Survey Research Center, Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
    Am J Prev Med 33:S187-94. 2007
    ..Body mass index (BMI) is known to vary by individual characteristics, but little is known about whether BMI varies by school and by school characteristics...
  12. pmc Midlife health and socioeconomic consequences of persistent overweight across early adulthood: findings from a national survey of American adults (1986-2008)
    Philippa J Clarke
    Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48106 1248, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 172:540-8. 2010
    ..76, 95% CI: 1.49, 2.04). These findings highlight the importance of addressing persistent obesity and overweight early in the life course...
  13. doi request reprint School physical activity environment related to student obesity and activity: a national study of schools and students
    Patrick M O'Malley
    Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48106 1248, USA
    J Adolesc Health 45:S71-81. 2009
    ..To explore whether characteristics of the U.S. secondary school physical activity environment are associated with student body mass index (BMI) and physical activity...
  14. ncbi request reprint Availability of more-healthy and less-healthy food choices in American schools: a national study of grade, racial/ethnic, and socioeconomic differences
    Jorge Delva
    Survey Research Center, Institute for Social Research, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
    Am J Prev Med 33:S226-39. 2007
    ....
  15. ncbi request reprint Drugs and driving by American high school seniors, 2001-2006
    Patrick M O'Malley
    University of Michigan, Institute for Social Research, Survey Research Center, Room 2320, Post Office Box 1248, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48106 1248, USA
    J Stud Alcohol Drugs 68:834-42. 2007
    ..A second objective is to examine demographic and psychosocial correlates of these behaviors...
  16. pmc The school food environment and student body mass index and food consumption: 2004 to 2007 national data
    Yvonne M Terry-McElrath
    Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48106 1248, USA
    J Adolesc Health 45:S45-56. 2009
    ....
  17. pmc Social disparities in BMI trajectories across adulthood by gender, race/ethnicity and lifetime socio-economic position: 1986-2004
    Philippa Clarke
    Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48106 1248, USA
    Int J Epidemiol 38:499-509. 2009
    ..No national studies to date have examined how social disparities in obesity and overweight differ by age and historical period using longitudinal data with repeated measures...
  18. pmc Differential trends in weight-related health behaviors among American young adults by gender, race/ethnicity, and socioeconomic status: 1984-2006
    Philippa J Clarke
    Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, 426 Thompson Street, Ann Arbor, MI 48104, USA
    Am J Public Health 99:1893-901. 2009
    ..We investigated temporal patterns from 1984 to 2006 in 6 weight-related health behaviors by using longitudinal data for multiple cohorts of young adults (aged 19-26 years) from the nationally representative Monitoring the Future Study...
  19. ncbi request reprint Health-related behaviors and overweight: a study of Latino adolescents in the United States of America
    Jorge Delva
    School of Social Work and Survey Research Center, Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48106, USA
    Rev Panam Salud Publica 21:11-20. 2007
    ....
  20. pmc Potential exposure to anti-drug advertising and drug-related attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors among United States youth, 1995-2006
    Yvonne M Terry-McElrath
    Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, PO Box 1248, Ann Arbor, MI 48106 1248, USA
    Addict Behav 36:116-24. 2011
    ..However, the likelihood that such advertising will result in youth being less likely to use drugs seems to depend heavily on the type of advertising utilized and how it relates to different ages and characteristics of targeted youth...
  21. ncbi request reprint Unsafe driving by high school seniors: national trends from 1976 to 2001 in tickets and accidents after use of alcohol, marijuana and other illegal drugs
    Patrick M O'Malley
    Survey Research Center, Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, P O Box 1248, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48106 1248, USA
    J Stud Alcohol 64:305-12. 2003
    ....
  22. pmc The epidemiology of alcohol, marijuana, and cocaine use among Mexican American, Puerto Rican, Cuban American, and other Latin American eighth-grade students in the United States: 1991-2002
    Jorge Delva
    Survey Research Center, Institute for Social Research, Room 2344, PO Box 1248, 426 Thompson St, Ann Arbor, MI 48106 1248, USA
    Am J Public Health 95:696-702. 2005
    ..We compared trends in and correlates of marijuana use, cocaine use, and heavy alcohol use for adolescents of Mexican American, Puerto Rican, Cuban, and other Latin American heritage in the United States...
  23. ncbi request reprint Relationship between student illicit drug use and school drug-testing policies
    Ryoko Yamaguchi
    Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, 426 Thompson St, Ann Arbor, MI 48106 1248, USA
    J Sch Health 73:159-64. 2003
    ..Drug testing of athletes was not associated with illicit drug use among male high school athletes. Policy implications are discussed...
  24. ncbi request reprint Substance abuse counseling services in secondary schools: a national study of schools and students, 1999-2003
    Yvonne M Terry-McElrath
    Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor 48106 1248, USA
    J Sch Health 75:334-41. 2005
    ....
  25. ncbi request reprint How substance use differs among American secondary schools
    Patrick M O'Malley
    The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48106 1248, USA
    Prev Sci 7:409-20. 2006
    ..Racial/ethnic composition is significantly associated with student substance use, with majority African American schools typically showing the lowest rates of use at all grades...
  26. ncbi request reprint Gender and ethnic differences in smoking, drinking and illicit drug use among American 8th, 10th and 12th grade students, 1976-2000
    John M Wallace
    School of Social Work, Institute for Social Research and Department of Psychology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48106 1248, USA
    Addiction 98:225-34. 2003
    ..This paper examines ethnic differences in licit and illicit drug use among American 8th, 10th and 12th grade students, with a particular focus on girls...
  27. ncbi request reprint Racial/ethnic and socioeconomic status differences in overweight and health-related behaviors among American students: national trends 1986-2003
    Jorge Delva
    Survey Research Center, Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48106 1248, USA
    J Adolesc Health 39:536-45. 2006
    ..This article reports long-term trends by race/ethnicity and socioeconomic status (SES) in the percent of American students who are overweight and who engage in three health-related behaviors hypothesized to be associated with overweight...
  28. pmc Tobacco, alcohol, and illicit drug use: racial and ethnic differences among U.S. high school seniors, 1976-2000
    John M Wallace
    University of Michigan, Institute for Social Research, 426 Thompson Street, Ann Arbor, MI 48106 1248, USA
    Public Health Rep 117:S67-75. 2002
    ..This study examines differences in adolescents' use of tobacco, alcohol, and illicit drugs by racial and ethnic groups...
  29. ncbi request reprint Selection and socialization effects of fraternities and sororities on US college student substance use: a multi-cohort national longitudinal study
    Sean Esteban McCabe
    University of Michigan, Substance Abuse Research Center, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
    Addiction 100:512-24. 2005
    ..To examine how membership in fraternities and sororities relates to the prevalence and patterns of substance use in a national sample of full-time US college students...
  30. ncbi request reprint Mediators and moderators of parental involvement on substance use: a national study of adolescents
    Colleen C Pilgrim
    Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48106 1248, USA
    Prev Sci 7:75-89. 2006
    ..Discussion focuses on the potential success of prevention efforts across different ethnicities and gender that target parent-child relationship improvement and risk taking, and considers possible culture- and gender-specific issues...
  31. ncbi request reprint The role of smoking intentions in predicting future smoking among youth: findings from Monitoring the Future data
    Melanie Wakefield
    The Cancer Council Victoria, Australia
    Addiction 99:914-22. 2004
    ..A growing body of research suggests that intentions about future smoking might play an important role in addition to the influence of past smoking experience on the likelihood of smoking in future...
  32. ncbi request reprint Substance use in marital dyads: premarital assortment and change over time
    Alicia C Merline
    American Academy of Pediatrics, 141 Northwest Point Boulevard, Elk Grove Village, Illinois 60007 1098, USA
    J Stud Alcohol Drugs 69:352-61. 2008
    ..The purpose of this study was to examine change in substance use with marriage, premarriage similarity in substance use between spouses, and the role of spouse use in predicting changes in use with marriage...
  33. ncbi request reprint Associations between access to food stores and adolescent body mass index
    Lisa M Powell
    Department of Economics, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60305, USA
    Am J Prev Med 33:S301-7. 2007
    ..Environmental factors such as the availability of local-area food stores may be important contributors to the increasing rate of obesity among U.S. adolescents...
  34. ncbi request reprint The availability of local-area commercial physical activity-related facilities and physical activity among adolescents
    Lisa M Powell
    Department of Economics, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60608, USA
    Am J Prev Med 33:S292-300. 2007
    ..A significant number of American youth do not participate in sufficient levels of physical activity...
  35. ncbi request reprint Televised state-sponsored antitobacco advertising and youth smoking beliefs and behavior in the United States, 1999-2000
    Sherry Emery
    Institute for Health Research and Policy, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago 60608 1264, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 159:639-45. 2005
    ..Recent state budget crises have dramatically reduced funding for state-sponsored antitobacco media campaigns. If campaigns are associated with reduced smoking, such cuts could result in long-term increases in state health care costs...
  36. ncbi request reprint Bridging the Gap: research informing practice and policy for healthy youth behavior
    Frank J Chaloupka
    Department of Economics and Institute for Health Research and Policy, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60608, USA
    Am J Prev Med 33:S147-61. 2007
    ..Eleven papers resulting from BTG's obesity-related research are contained in this supplement, along with two papers describing the National Cancer Institute-supported efforts to track relevant state policies...
  37. ncbi request reprint The impact of retail cigarette marketing practices on youth smoking uptake
    Sandy J Slater
    Institute for Health Research and Policy, University of Illinois at Chicago 60608, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 161:440-5. 2007
    ..To examine the differential associations of cigarette retail marketing practices on youth smoking uptake...
  38. pmc Effect of televised, tobacco company-funded smoking prevention advertising on youth smoking-related beliefs, intentions, and behavior
    Melanie Wakefield
    Center for Behavioral Research in Cancer, The Cancer Council Victoria, Melbourne, Australia
    Am J Public Health 96:2154-60. 2006
    ..To relate exposure to televised youth smoking prevention advertising to youths' smoking beliefs, intentions, and behaviors...
  39. pmc State tobacco control spending and youth smoking
    John A Tauras
    Department of Economics m c 144, University of Illinois at Chicago, 601 South Morgan, Chicago, IL 60607 7121, USA
    Am J Public Health 95:338-44. 2005
    ..We examined the relationship between state-level tobacco control expenditures and youth smoking prevalence and cigarette consumption...

Research Grants50

  1. A Cohort-Sequential Panal Study of Drug Use, Ages 19-50
    Lloyd D Johnston; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The investigators will continue to facilitate use of MTF data by others. Study results should have major implications for understanding (and preventing) drug use and abuse, and the spread of HIV. ..
  2. DRUG USE AND LIFESTYLE OF AMERICAN YOUTH
    Lloyd Johnston; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Study results will have major implications for understanding and preventing drug use and abuse from adolescence through middle adulthood. ..
  3. DRUG USE AND LIFESTYLES OF AMERICAN YOUTH
    Lloyd D Johnston; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Study results will continue to have major implications for understanding and preventing drug use and abuse from adolescence through middle adulthood. ..
  4. DRUG USE AND LIFESTYLES OF AMERICAN YOUTH
    Lloyd Johnston; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Study results will continue to have major implications for understanding and preventing drug use and abuse from adolescence through middle adulthood. ..
  5. A Cohort-Sequential Panal Study of Drug Use, Ages 19-50
    Lloyd Johnston; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The investigators will continue to facilitate use of MTF data by others. Study results should have major implications for understanding (and preventing) drug use and abuse, and the spread of HIV. ..
  6. DRUG USE AND LIFESTYLES OF AMERICAN YOUTH
    Lloyd Johnston; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Study results will continue to have major implications for understanding and preventing drug use and abuse from adolescence through middle adulthood. ..
  7. A Cohort-Sequential Panal Study of Drug Use, Ages 19-50
    Lloyd Johnston; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The investigators will continue to facilitate use of MTF data by others. Study results should have major implications for understanding (and preventing) drug use and abuse, and the spread of HIV. ..
  8. A Cohort-Sequential Panel Study of Drug Use, Ages 19-45
    Lloyd Johnston; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Study results will have major implications for understanding and preventing drug use and abuse from adolescence through middle adulthood. ..
  9. DRUG USE AND LIFESTYLES OF AMERICAN YOUTH
    Lloyd Johnston; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Study results will continue to have major implications for understanding and preventing drug use and abuse from adolescence through middle adulthood. ..
  10. DRUG USE AND LIFESTYLES OF AMERICAN YOUTH
    Lloyd Johnston; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..A number of volumes, articles, and papers will be written and published during the period...
  11. DRUG USE AND LIFESTYLES OF AMERICAN YOUTH
    Lloyd Johnston; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..The study will continue to produce a wide range of publications, including NIDA-published annual monographs, annual volumes of descriptive results, special reports and monograph chapters, and journal articles...
  12. DRUG USE AND LIFESTYLES OF AMERICAN YOUTH
    Lloyd Johnston; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..A wide range of publications is planned...