D R Jacobs

Summary

Affiliation: University of Minnesota
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc Serum adiponectin is positively associated with lung function in young adults, independent of obesity: the CARDIA study
    Bharat Thyagarajan
    Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology, Medical School, University of Minnesota Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
    Respir Res 11:176. 2010
  2. pmc Longitudinal association of body mass index with lung function: the CARDIA study
    Bharat Thyagarajan
    Dept of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA
    Respir Res 9:31. 2008
  3. ncbi request reprint Reduced mortality among whole grain bread eaters in men and women in the Norwegian County Study
    D R Jacobs
    Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis 55454, USA
    Eur J Clin Nutr 55:137-43. 2001
  4. ncbi request reprint Whole grain intake and cardiovascular disease: a review
    David R Jacobs
    Division of Epidemiology, University of Minnesota School of Public Health, Minneapolis 55454, USA
    Curr Atheroscler Rep 6:415-23. 2004
  5. ncbi request reprint [Consumption of whole grain foods and chronic disease]
    David R Jacobs
    Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, USA
    Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen 124:1399-401. 2004
  6. pmc Food synergy: an operational concept for understanding nutrition
    David R Jacobs
    School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 89:1543S-1548S. 2009
  7. ncbi request reprint Nutrients, foods, and dietary patterns as exposures in research: a framework for food synergy
    David R Jacobs
    School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis 55455, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 78:508S-513S. 2003
  8. doi request reprint Association of 1-y changes in diet pattern with cardiovascular disease risk factors and adipokines: results from the 1-y randomized Oslo Diet and Exercise Study
    David R Jacobs
    Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55454, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 89:509-17. 2009
  9. ncbi request reprint Gender- and race-specific determination of albumin excretion rate using albumin-to-creatinine ratio in single, untimed urine specimens: the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults Study
    David R Jacobs
    University of Minnesota, Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Minneapolis, MN 55454, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 155:1114-9. 2002
  10. ncbi request reprint Whole grain food intake elevates serum enterolactone
    David R Jacobs
    Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, USA
    Br J Nutr 88:111-6. 2002

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications136 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc Serum adiponectin is positively associated with lung function in young adults, independent of obesity: the CARDIA study
    Bharat Thyagarajan
    Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology, Medical School, University of Minnesota Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
    Respir Res 11:176. 2010
    ..Adipose tissue produces adiponectin, an anti-inflammatory protein. Adiponectin deficiency in mice is associated with abnormal post-natal alveolar development...
  2. pmc Longitudinal association of body mass index with lung function: the CARDIA study
    Bharat Thyagarajan
    Dept of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA
    Respir Res 9:31. 2008
    ..Lung function at the end of life depends on its peak and subsequent decline. Because obesity is epidemic in young adulthood, we quantified age-related changes in lung function relative to body mass index (BMI)...
  3. ncbi request reprint Reduced mortality among whole grain bread eaters in men and women in the Norwegian County Study
    D R Jacobs
    Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis 55454, USA
    Eur J Clin Nutr 55:137-43. 2001
    ..To study whether mortality is reduced among whole grain eaters in Norway...
  4. ncbi request reprint Whole grain intake and cardiovascular disease: a review
    David R Jacobs
    Division of Epidemiology, University of Minnesota School of Public Health, Minneapolis 55454, USA
    Curr Atheroscler Rep 6:415-23. 2004
    ..We interpret the data as supportive of a synergy of the whole grain constituents, including fiber as only one such constituent...
  5. ncbi request reprint [Consumption of whole grain foods and chronic disease]
    David R Jacobs
    Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, USA
    Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen 124:1399-401. 2004
    ..All forms of whole grain products contain both the bran and the germ, which are rich in nutrients, in addition to the starch-rich endosperm. However, refined grain consists only of the endosperm, which contains far fewer nutrients...
  6. pmc Food synergy: an operational concept for understanding nutrition
    David R Jacobs
    School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 89:1543S-1548S. 2009
    ..The more we understand about our own biology and that of plants and animals, the better we will be able to discern the combinations of foods, rather than supplements, which best promote health...
  7. ncbi request reprint Nutrients, foods, and dietary patterns as exposures in research: a framework for food synergy
    David R Jacobs
    School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis 55455, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 78:508S-513S. 2003
    ..Study of foods, food patterns, and individual nutrients or food components in reducing disease risk is seen as complementary. Epidemiologic, clinical trial, and in vitro approaches to such research are needed...
  8. doi request reprint Association of 1-y changes in diet pattern with cardiovascular disease risk factors and adipokines: results from the 1-y randomized Oslo Diet and Exercise Study
    David R Jacobs
    Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55454, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 89:509-17. 2009
    ..We hypothesized that favorable changes in dietary patterns would lead to a reduction in body size and an improvement in metabolic status...
  9. ncbi request reprint Gender- and race-specific determination of albumin excretion rate using albumin-to-creatinine ratio in single, untimed urine specimens: the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults Study
    David R Jacobs
    University of Minnesota, Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Minneapolis, MN 55454, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 155:1114-9. 2002
    ..Men and Blacks have a higher albumin excretion rate than do women and Whites and may thereby have an increased risk of microvascular and macrovascular disease...
  10. ncbi request reprint Whole grain food intake elevates serum enterolactone
    David R Jacobs
    Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, USA
    Br J Nutr 88:111-6. 2002
    ..Serum enterolactone concentrations can be raised by eating a diet rich in whole grains...
  11. ncbi request reprint Subclinical cardiovascular disease markers applicable to studies of oral health: multiethnic study of atherosclerosis
    David R Jacobs
    Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, 1300 South 2nd Street, Suite 300, Minneapolis, MN, USA
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1098:269-87. 2007
    ..1-0.4), do not include propensity for the important atherosclerotic phase of plaque rupture, and do not fully substitute for studies of clinical cardiovascular disease endpoints...
  12. ncbi request reprint Food, not nutrients, is the fundamental unit in nutrition
    David R Jacobs
    School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, 1300 S 2nd Street, Suite 300, Minneapolis, MN 55454, USA
    Nutr Rev 65:439-50. 2007
    ..Finally, the argument is made that evidence from interventions points back to the central position of food in the relationship between nutrition and health, a position that begs for more whole food-based research...
  13. ncbi request reprint Whole-grain consumption is associated with a reduced risk of noncardiovascular, noncancer death attributed to inflammatory diseases in the Iowa Women's Health Study
    David R Jacobs
    Department of Nutrition, Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
    Am J Clin Nutr 85:1606-14. 2007
    ..It has recently been shown that oxidative stress, infection, and inflammation are predominant pathophysiologic factors for several major diseases...
  14. ncbi request reprint Longitudinal association of serum carotenoids and tocopherols with hostility: the CARDIA Study
    Tetsuya Ohira
    Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55454 1015, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 167:42-50. 2008
    ..High hostility predicted future low levels of some serum carotenoids, which may help to explain the association of hostility and cardiovascular risk observed in other epidemiologic studies...
  15. ncbi request reprint Serum leptin and weight gain over 8 years in African American and Caucasian young adults
    A R Folsom
    Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis 55454, USA
    Obes Res 7:1-8. 1999
    ..Little information exists on whether the serum leptin concentration influences long-term weight changes in the free-living population...
  16. pmc A priori-defined dietary patterns and markers of cardiovascular disease risk in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA)
    Jennifer A Nettleton
    Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 88:185-94. 2008
    ..The level of detail regarding the dietary intake necessary to characterize associations between diet and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk is uncertain...
  17. ncbi request reprint Relation of weight and rate of increase in weight during childhood and adolescence to body size, blood pressure, fasting insulin, and lipids in young adults. The Minneapolis Children's Blood Pressure Study
    A R Sinaiko
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Minnesota Medical School of Public Health, Minneapolis, MN, USA
    Circulation 99:1471-6. 1999
    ..Insulin resistance is known to be related to obesity. Thus, weight gain beginning in childhood may influence the development of insulin-induced cardiovascular risk during adulthood...
  18. doi request reprint Relation of chemokines to BMI and insulin resistance at ages 18-21
    S Ognjanovic
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 255455, USA
    Int J Obes (Lond) 37:420-3. 2013
    ..We studied the relation of chemokines to cardiovascular (CV)-risk factors, insulin resistance and adipocytokines in 18-21-year-old individuals...
  19. pmc Is whole grain intake associated with reduced total and cause-specific death rates in older women? The Iowa Women's Health Study
    D R Jacobs
    Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis 55454, USA
    Am J Public Health 89:322-9. 1999
    ..This study sought to determine whether nutrient-rich whole grains reduce mortality risk...
  20. ncbi request reprint Correlates of urinary albumin excretion in young adult blacks and whites: the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults Study
    Maureen A Murtaugh
    Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55454, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 158:676-86. 2003
    ..A risk of higher urinary albumin excretion exists at blood pressure levels below those commonly regarded as hypertension, with a greater risk among Blacks than among Whites...
  21. ncbi request reprint Whole grain intake and its cross-sectional association with obesity, insulin resistance, inflammation, diabetes and subclinical CVD: The MESA Study
    Pamela L Lutsey
    University of Minnesota School of Public Health, Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, Minneapolis, MN, USA
    Br J Nutr 98:397-405. 2007
    ..Counter to hypothesis, however, whole grain intake was unrelated to subclinical CVD...
  22. pmc The total antioxidant content of more than 3100 foods, beverages, spices, herbs and supplements used worldwide
    Monica H Carlsen
    Department of Nutrition, Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
    Nutr J 9:3. 2010
    ..This database is intended for use in a wide range of nutritional research, from in vitro and cell and animal studies, to clinical trials and nutritional epidemiological studies...
  23. ncbi request reprint Physical activity and body weight: associations over ten years in the CARDIA study. Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults
    K H Schmitz
    Division of Epidemiology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis 55454, USA
    Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 24:1475-87. 2000
    ..Hypothesis 2-those who attenuate weight gain because of a temporary increase in physical activity (PA) may maintain a lower body weight over time...
  24. ncbi request reprint Fast-food habits, weight gain, and insulin resistance (the CARDIA study): 15-year prospective analysis
    Mark A Pereira
    Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA
    Lancet 365:36-42. 2005
    ..We aimed to investigate the association between reported fast-food habits and changes in bodyweight and insulin resistance over a 15-year period in the USA...
  25. ncbi request reprint Plasma fibrinogen and lung function: the CARDIA Study
    Bharat Thyagarajan
    Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, 55454, USA
    Int J Epidemiol 35:1001-8. 2006
    ..We hypothesized that fibrinogen, as a marker of chronic inflammation, is inversely associated with forced vital capacity (FVC) and forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV(1)) in healthy persons...
  26. pmc Associations between microalbuminuria and animal foods, plant foods, and dietary patterns in the Multiethnic Study of Atherosclerosis
    Jennifer A Nettleton
    Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 87:1825-36. 2008
    ..The balance between the intake of animal and the intake of plant foods may influence renal vascular integrity as reflected by urinary albumin excretion...
  27. ncbi request reprint Relation of leptin to insulin resistance syndrome in children
    Julia Steinberger
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Minnesota Medical School, University of Minnesota School of Public Health, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455, USA
    Obes Res 11:1124-30. 2003
    ..To examine the relation of leptin to insulin resistance, as measured by euglycemic insulin clamp, and insulin resistance syndrome factors in thin and heavy children...
  28. ncbi request reprint Comparison of body fatness measurements by BMI and skinfolds vs dual energy X-ray absorptiometry and their relation to cardiovascular risk factors in adolescents
    J Steinberger
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Minnesota Medical School, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
    Int J Obes (Lond) 29:1346-52. 2005
    ..To compare estimates of adiposity by dual emission X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), skinfolds and body mass index (BMI); and to evaluate the relation of these measures to cardiovascular risk in adolescents...
  29. doi request reprint Association of inflammation with worsening HOMA-insulin resistance
    K Park
    Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, 1300 South 2nd Street, Suite 300, Minneapolis, MN 55454, USA
    Diabetologia 52:2337-44. 2009
    ..We examined the cross-sectional and longitudinal relationships between C-reactive protein (CRP), a marker of low-grade inflammation, and insulin resistance and whether the association was independent of obesity and oxidative stress...
  30. ncbi request reprint Epidemiology of low total plasma cholesterol concentration among young adults: the CARDIA study. Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults
    C Iribarren
    Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis 55454, USA
    Prev Med 26:495-507. 1997
    ..Knowledge of factors associated with low levels of plasma total cholesterol during young adulthood may help clarify the nature of associations between hypocholesterolemia and health or illness...
  31. ncbi request reprint Insulin resistance during puberty: results from clamp studies in 357 children
    A Moran
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis 55455, USA
    Diabetes 48:2039-44. 1999
    ....
  32. ncbi request reprint Interpreting age, period and cohort effects in plasma lipids and serum insulin using repeated measures regression analysis: the CARDIA Study
    D R Jacobs
    University of Minnesota, Minneapolis 55454, USA
    Stat Med 18:655-79. 1999
    ..For these data, we cautiously accept the cross-sectional age slope as an estimate of ageing and the age-matched time trend as an estimate of secular trend...
  33. ncbi request reprint Exploring predictors of eating behaviour among adolescents by gender and socio-economic status
    Nanna Lien
    Institute for Nutrition Research, University of Oslo, PO Box 1046, Blindern, Norway
    Public Health Nutr 5:671-81. 2002
    ..Guided by theory, this study explored cross-sectional differences in factors influencing adolescent eating behaviour including gender and socio-economic status (SES), and subsequently tested the longitudinal predictive power of the models...
  34. ncbi request reprint The association of cigarette smoking with self-reported disease before middle age: the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) study
    Atsushi Hozawa
    Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, University of Minnesota School of Public Health, Minneapolis, MN 55454, USA
    Prev Med 42:193-9. 2006
    ..Therefore, we assessed associations between cigarette smoking and several self-reported illnesses in a prospective cohort study in healthy young adults...
  35. pmc Food price and diet and health outcomes: 20 years of the CARDIA Study
    Kiyah J Duffey
    Department of Nutrition, Carolina Population Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 27516 3997, USA
    Arch Intern Med 170:420-6. 2010
    ..Despite surging interest in taxation as a policy to address poor food choice, US research directly examining the association of food prices with individual intake is scarce...
  36. pmc Oxidative stress and insulin resistance: the coronary artery risk development in young adults study
    Kyong Park
    Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA
    Diabetes Care 32:1302-7. 2009
    ..This study examined the longitudinal relationships of oxidative stress biomarkers with the development of insulin resistance and whether these relationships were independent of obesity in nondiabetic young adults...
  37. ncbi request reprint Gender differences in the relationship between periodontal disease, tooth loss, and atherosclerosis
    Moise Desvarieux
    Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, USA
    Stroke 35:2029-35. 2004
    ..Because males also bear a higher burden of periodontal disease, we investigated the existence of gender differences in the postulated relationship between periodontal infections, tooth loss, and subclinical atherosclerosis...
  38. ncbi request reprint Whole grain intake and incident endometrial cancer: the Iowa Women's Health Study
    C M Kasum
    Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
    Nutr Cancer 39:180-6. 2001
    ..There also was no association between refined grain intake and endometrial cancer. Whole grain intake may protect against endometrial cancer among never-users of hormone replacement therapy...
  39. ncbi request reprint Adiposity in childhood predicts obesity and insulin resistance in young adulthood
    J Steinberger
    University of Minnesota Medical School, Department of Pediatrics, Division of Epidemiology, and School of Public Health, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA
    J Pediatr 138:469-73. 2001
    ..In addition, these results demonstrate that cardiovascular risk in young adulthood is highly related to the degree of adiposity as early as age 13...
  40. ncbi request reprint Dietary patterns, food groups and myocardial infarction: a case-control study
    Michael S K Lockheart
    Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, 1300 South 2nd Street, Suite 300, Minneapolis, MN 55454, USA
    Br J Nutr 98:380-7. 2007
    ..A dietary pattern emphasising nutrient-rich plant foods and high-fat fish and low in trans fatty acids was associated with decreased risk of MI among Norwegians...
  41. pmc Relationships of circulating carotenoid concentrations with several markers of inflammation, oxidative stress, and endothelial dysfunction: the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA)/Young Adult Longitudinal Trends in Antioxidants (YALT
    Atsushi Hozawa
    Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, School of Public Health, Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology, University of Minnesota Medical School, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55454, USA
    Clin Chem 53:447-55. 2007
    ..To clarify the effect of carotenoids on atherosclerotic risk factors, we examined the association of circulating carotenoids with inflammation, oxidative stress, endothelial dysfunction, and smoking...
  42. ncbi request reprint Longitudinal associations between body mass index and serum carotenoids: the CARDIA study
    Lene Frost Andersen
    Department of Nutrition, University of Oslo, Norway
    Br J Nutr 95:358-65. 2006
    ..The results for lycopene were, however, discordant from those of the other carotenoids...
  43. ncbi request reprint The uncoupling protein 2 Ala55Val polymorphism is associated with diabetes mellitus: the CARDIA study
    Xinhua Yu
    Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55454, USA
    Clin Chem 51:1451-6. 2005
    ..Uncoupling proteins (UCPs) reduce ATP generation with concomitant increased release of heat. The activities of UCPs have been related to obesity and energy metabolism...
  44. pmc Metabolic syndrome and risk of venous thromboembolism: Longitudinal Investigation of Thromboembolism Etiology
    L M Steffen
    Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, University of Minnesota School of Public Health, Minneapolis, MN 55454, USA
    J Thromb Haemost 7:746-51. 2009
    ..We tested the hypothesis that the incidence of non-cancer-related venous thromboembolism (VTE) is higher among adults with MetSyn and further, that associations are stronger for idiopathic than secondary VTE...
  45. ncbi request reprint Plausible mechanisms for the protectiveness of whole grains
    J L Slavin
    Department of Food Science and Nutrition, University of Minnesota, St Paul, MN 55108, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 70:459S-463S. 1999
    ..Further study is needed regarding the mechanisms behind this protection so that the most potent protective components of whole grains will be maintained when developing whole grains into acceptable food products for the public...
  46. pmc Serum phospholipid and cholesteryl ester fatty acids and estimated desaturase activities are related to overweight and cardiovascular risk factors in adolescents
    L M Steffen
    Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, University of Minnesota School of Public Health, Minneapolis, MN 55454, USA
    Int J Obes (Lond) 32:1297-304. 2008
    ..The objective of this study was to describe the relation of serum fatty acids and desaturase activity (DA) to overweight, insulin sensitivity and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors in adolescents...
  47. ncbi request reprint Whole-grain intake may reduce the risk of ischemic heart disease death in postmenopausal women: the Iowa Women's Health Study
    D R Jacobs
    Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis 55454, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 68:248-57. 1998
    ..A recent review of epidemiologic literature found consistently reduced cancer and heart disease rates in persons with high compared with low whole-grain intakes...
  48. ncbi request reprint Insulin resistance syndrome in childhood: associations of the euglycemic insulin clamp and fasting insulin with fatness and other risk factors
    A R Sinaiko
    Department of Pediatrics, Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota Medical School, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455, USA
    J Pediatr 139:700-7. 2001
    ..The clustering of risk factors according to level of M(lbm) suggests that adult cardiovascular disease is more likely to develop in children with the greatest degree of insulin resistance...
  49. ncbi request reprint Low total serum cholesterol and intracerebral hemorrhagic stroke: is the association confined to elderly men? The Kaiser Permanente Medical Care Program
    C Iribarren
    Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis 55454 1015, USA
    Stroke 27:1993-8. 1996
    ..This report further examines the prospective relationship of total serum cholesterol with subsequent intracerebral hemorrhage in a large, well-defined population...
  50. ncbi request reprint Cigarette smoking and mortality risk: twenty-five-year follow-up of the Seven Countries Study
    D R Jacobs
    Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis 55454, USA
    Arch Intern Med 159:733-40. 1999
    ..Although most observations in the Seven Countries Study suggest that cigarette smoking is harmful for health, universality of this conclusion remains controversial...
  51. pmc Associations of acculturation and socioeconomic status with subclinical cardiovascular disease in the multi-ethnic study of atherosclerosis
    Pamela L Lutsey
    Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
    Am J Public Health 98:1963-70. 2008
    ....
  52. pmc Dietary flavonoid intake and risk of cancer in postmenopausal women: the Iowa Women's Health Study
    Gretchen J Cutler
    Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55454, USA
    Int J Cancer 123:664-71. 2008
    ..93, 95% CI: 0.86-1.00). This study provides further support for a beneficial effect of flavonoid intake on lung cancer risk, especially among current and past smokers...
  53. ncbi request reprint Relation of birth weight to fasting insulin, insulin resistance, and body size in adolescence
    Maureen A Murtaugh
    Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
    Diabetes Care 26:187-92. 2003
    ..A relationship between birth weight and the insulin resistance syndrome has been reported in adults but has not been defined in adolescents...
  54. pmc Dietary phosphorus, blood pressure, and incidence of hypertension in the atherosclerosis risk in communities study and the multi-ethnic study of atherosclerosis
    Alvaro Alonso
    Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, 1300 S 2nd St, Suite 300, Minneapolis, MN 55454, USA
    Hypertension 55:776-84. 2010
    ..04 (0.93 to 1.17; P for trend=0.48) for phosphorus from other foods. These findings could indicate an effect of phosphorus in conjunction with other dairy constituents or of dairy itself without involvement of phosphorus...
  55. ncbi request reprint PREDICT: A simple risk score for clinical severity and long-term prognosis after hospitalization for acute myocardial infarction or unstable angina: the Minnesota heart survey
    D R Jacobs
    Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, USA
    Circulation 100:599-607. 1999
    ..We evaluated short- and long-term mortality risks in 30- to 74-year-old patients hospitalized for acute myocardial infarction or unstable angina and developed a new score called PREDICT...
  56. ncbi request reprint Associations of serum carotenoid concentrations with the development of diabetes and with insulin concentration: interaction with smoking: the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study
    Atsushi Hozawa
    Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, 55454, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 163:929-37. 2006
    ..46 (p = 0.03); per SD increase in insulin resistance, slope = -0.14 (p = 0.01)). In CARDIA, higher serum carotenoid concentrations are associated with lower risk of diabetes and insulin resistance in nonsmokers but not in smokers...
  57. pmc Drinking caloric beverages increases the risk of adverse cardiometabolic outcomes in the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study
    Kiyah J Duffey
    Department of Nutrition, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27516 3997, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 92:954-9. 2010
    ..Intake of caloric beverages is hypothesized to contribute to adverse health outcomes, but the beverages and populations studied vary considerably...
  58. ncbi request reprint A systematic screening of total antioxidants in dietary plants
    Bente L Halvorsen
    Institute for Nutrition Research, Faculty of Medicine, University of Oslo, Blindern, 0316 Oslo, Norway
    J Nutr 132:461-71. 2002
    ..Vegetables contributed only 8.9%. The systematic analysis presented here will facilitate research into the nutritional role of the combined effect of antioxidants in dietary plants...
  59. ncbi request reprint Dietary risk factors for upper aerodigestive tract cancers
    Christine M Kasum
    Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55454, USA
    Int J Cancer 99:267-72. 2002
    ..These findings confirm previous observations that high intake of fruits and vegetables and that intake of whole grains and the fiber derived from them may reduce risk of upper aerodigestive tract cancers...
  60. ncbi request reprint Acculturation and socioeconomic position as predictors of coronary calcification in a multiethnic sample
    Ana V Diez Roux
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
    Circulation 112:1557-65. 2005
    ..Coronary calcium has recently emerged as a marker of subclinical coronary heart disease. Although there has been much interest in race differences in calcification, heterogeneity within race or ethnic groups has not been investigated...
  61. pmc Fifteen-year longitudinal trends in walking patterns and their impact on weight change
    Penny Gordon-Larsen
    Department of Nutrition, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27516 3997, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 89:19-26. 2009
    ..Although walking is the most popular leisure-time activity for adults, few long-term, longitudinal studies have examined the association between walking, an affordable and accessible form of physical activity, and weight gain...
  62. pmc Longitudinal association between serum urate and subclinical atherosclerosis: the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) study
    H Wang
    Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, University of Minnesota Twin Cities, Minneapolis, MN, USA Nutritional Epidemiology Laboratory, Jean Mayer USDA Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging at Tufts University, Boston, MA, USA
    J Intern Med 274:594-609. 2013
    ..The aim of the present study was to determine whether serum urate (sUA) concentration is positively associated with subclinical atherosclerosis, independent of body mass index (BMI), amongst generally healthy adults...
  63. ncbi request reprint Independent and interactive effects of apolipoprotein E phenotype and cardiorespiratory fitness on plasma lipids
    K H Schmitz
    Division of Epidemiology, Minneapolis, MN 55454, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 11:94-103. 2001
    ....
  64. ncbi request reprint Cereals, legumes, and chronic disease risk reduction: evidence from epidemiologic studies
    L H Kushi
    Division of Epidemiology, University of Minnesota School of Public Health, Minneapolis 55454 1015, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 70:451S-458S. 1999
    ....
  65. ncbi request reprint Trends in acute coronary heart disease mortality, morbidity, and medical care from 1985 through 1997: the Minnesota heart survey
    P G McGovern
    Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, USA
    Circulation 104:19-24. 2001
    ..Coronary heart disease (CHD) mortality continued to decline from 1985 to 1997...
  66. pmc Fish oil, selenium and mercury in relation to incidence of hypertension: a 20-year follow-up study
    P Xun
    Department of Nutrition, Gillings School of Global Public Health and School of Medicine, North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
    J Intern Med 270:175-86. 2011
    ..The cardioprotective effect of LCω3PUFA intake has been recognized; however, the hypothesis that this benefit may be greatest with high Se and low Hg levels has not been investigated...
  67. doi request reprint Association of long-term change in waist circumference with insulin resistance
    Kyong Park
    Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 18:370-6. 2010
    ..0001). We conclude that year 0 WC and long-term increment in WC are associated with worsening insulin resistance. However, the association of HOMA(IR) with slope of WC change may vary across the range of initial WC...
  68. pmc Regular consumption from fast food establishments relative to other restaurants is differentially associated with metabolic outcomes in young adults
    Kiyah J Duffey
    Department of Nutrition, Schools of Public Health and Medicine, and 4Carolina Population Center, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27510, USA
    J Nutr 139:2113-8. 2009
    ..15 kg (CI, 0.06, 0.24), respectively] and waist circumference [0.08 cm (CI, 0.02, 0.14) and 0.12 cm (CI, 0.04, 0.20), respectively]. Fast food consumption may be an important target for the prevention of adverse metabolic health outcomes...
  69. pmc Associations of toenail selenium levels with inflammatory biomarkers of fibrinogen, high-sensitivity c-reactive protein, and interleukin-6: The CARDIA Trace Element Study
    Pengcheng Xun
    Department of Nutrition, Gillings School of Global Public Health and School of Medicine, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 171:793-800. 2010
    ..Gender, race/ethnicity, smoking status, and selenium supplementation did not appreciably modify these results. This study found no associations between toenail selenium and inflammation as measured by fibrinogen, hs-CRP, and IL-6...
  70. ncbi request reprint Consumption of coffee is associated with reduced risk of death attributed to inflammatory and cardiovascular diseases in the Iowa Women's Health Study
    Lene Frost Andersen
    Department of Nutrition, Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
    Am J Clin Nutr 83:1039-46. 2006
    ..Coffee is the major source of dietary antioxidants. The association between coffee consumption and risk of death from diseases associated with inflammatory or oxidative stress has not been studied...
  71. ncbi request reprint Dietary carbohydrate, glycemic index, and glycemic load and the risk of colorectal cancer in the BCDDP cohort
    Lori Strayer
    Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, 1300 South Second Street, Suite 300, Minneapolis, MN 55454, USA
    Cancer Causes Control 18:853-63. 2007
    ..Case-control studies support this hypothesis, but prospective cohorts have had mixed results...
  72. ncbi request reprint Differential associations of fast food and restaurant food consumption with 3-y change in body mass index: the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults Study
    Kiyah J Duffey
    Department of Nutrition, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27516 3997, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 85:201-8. 2007
    ..Away-from-home food consumption has rapidly increased, though little is known about the independent associations of restaurant food and fast food intake with body mass index (BMI) and BMI change...
  73. ncbi request reprint Declining beta-cell function in type 2 diabetes: 5-year follow-up and immunologic studies of the population of Wadena, MN
    Frederick C Goetz
    Division of Diabetes and Endocrinology, Department of Medicine, University of Minnesota Medical School, Minneapolis 55454, USA
    Metabolism 51:144-8. 2002
    ....
  74. ncbi request reprint Diabetes mellitus and subsite-specific colorectal cancer risks in the Iowa Women's Health Study
    Paul J Limburg
    Division of Epidemiology, University of Minnesota, 1300 South Second Street, Suite 300, Minneapolis, MN 55454, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 14:133-7. 2005
    ....
  75. ncbi request reprint Longitudinal changes in growth parameters are correlated with changes in pulmonary function in children with cystic fibrosis
    Michelle L Peterson
    Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, USA
    Pediatrics 112:588-92. 2003
    ....
  76. doi request reprint Cardiovascular risk factors and dementia mortality: 40 years of follow-up in the Seven Countries Study
    Alvaro Alonso
    Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55454, USA
    J Neurol Sci 280:79-83. 2009
    ..98). Finally, total serum cholesterol was directly associated with higher risk of dementia mortality (p for trend=0.03). In men, cardiovascular risk factors in midlife are associated with increased risk of dementia death later in life...
  77. ncbi request reprint Association between serum gamma-glutamyltransferase and dietary factors: the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study
    Duk Hee Lee
    Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis 55454, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 79:600-5. 2004
    ..Diet may be involved in the strong dose-response relation of gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT) concentration with incident diabetes...
  78. pmc Diet soda intake and risk of incident metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA)
    Jennifer A Nettleton
    Division of Epidemiology, University of Texas Health Sciences Center, Houston, Texas, USA
    Diabetes Care 32:688-94. 2009
    ..We determined associations between diet soda consumption and risk of incident metabolic syndrome, its components, and type 2 diabetes in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis...
  79. pmc Development of associations among central adiposity, adiponectin and insulin sensitivity from adolescence to young adulthood
    L J Rasmussen-Torvik
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL 60611, USA
    Diabet Med 29:1153-8. 2012
    ..To examine associations of central adiposity, serum adiponectin and clamp-derived insulin sensitivity in a single longitudinal cohort from early adolescence to young adulthood...
  80. ncbi request reprint Heritability and genetic correlations of insulin sensitivity measured by the euglycaemic clamp
    L J Rasmussen-Torvik
    Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, University of Minnesota School of Public Health, Minneapolis, MN 55454 1015, USA
    Diabet Med 24:1286-9. 2007
    ..In this study, genetic correlations and heritability of insulin sensitivity measured using the euglycaemic hyperinsulinaemic clamp and related phenotypes were examined...
  81. ncbi request reprint Whole and refined grain intake and risk of incident postmenopausal breast cancer (United States)
    K K Nicodemus
    Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis 55454-1015, USA
    Cancer Causes Control 12:917-25. 2001
    ....
  82. doi request reprint Factors associated with paraoxonase genotypes and activity in a diverse, young, healthy population: the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) study
    Bharat Thyagarajan
    Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology, Medical School, University of Minnesota Minneapolis, MN 55454, USA
    Clin Chem 54:738-46. 2008
    ..Paraoxonase may mitigate oxidative damage and thus lower risk of macrovascular disease...
  83. pmc Circulating carotenoid concentrations and incident hypertension: the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) study
    Atsushi Hozawa
    Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55454, USA
    J Hypertens 27:237-42. 2009
    ..Thus, we examined the association of circulating carotenoids with hypertension, a major macrovascular disease risk factor...
  84. ncbi request reprint Fruits, vegetables, and colon cancer risk in a pooled analysis of 14 cohort studies
    Anita Koushik
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA
    J Natl Cancer Inst 99:1471-83. 2007
    ..Statistical power to examine associations by colon site has been limited in previous studies...
  85. pmc Relation of length of hospital stay in acute myocardial infarction to postdischarge mortality
    Alan K Berger
    Department of Medicine, Section of Cardiovascular Medicine, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA
    Am J Cardiol 101:428-34. 2008
    ..These decreases in LOS were associated with increasing use of effective therapies...
  86. pmc Longitudinal examination of age-predicted symptom-limited exercise maximum HR
    Na Zhu
    University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, 55454, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 42:1519-27. 2010
    ..To estimate the association of age with maximal HR (MHR)...
  87. doi request reprint Measurement of insulin sensitivity in children: comparison between the euglycemic-hyperinsulinemic clamp and surrogate measures
    Betsy Schwartz
    Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455, USA
    Diabetes Care 31:783-8. 2008
    ..e., homeostasis model assessment [HOMA], quantitative insulin sensitivity check index [QUICKI], and fasting glucose-to-insulin ratio [FGIR]) or triglycerides to the insulin clamp in a cohort of children/adolescents...
  88. ncbi request reprint Socioeconomic differences in progression of carotid intima-media thickness in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities study
    Nalini Ranjit
    Center for Social Epidemiology and Population Health, School of Public Health, University of Michigan, MI, USA
    Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol 26:411-6. 2006
    ..Cross-sectional associations of IMT with socioeconomic status (SES) have been demonstrated in middle-aged cohorts. It is unclear whether these factors are associated with progression of IMT...
  89. ncbi request reprint Iron, zinc, and alcohol consumption and mortality from cardiovascular diseases: the Iowa Women's Health Study
    Duk Hee Lee
    Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 81:787-91. 2005
    ..The relation between iron status and atherosclerosis has long been a topic of debate...
  90. ncbi request reprint Does supplemental vitamin C increase cardiovascular disease risk in women with diabetes?
    Duk Hee Lee
    Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis 55454, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 80:1194-200. 2004
    ..These observations led us to hypothesize that a high intake of vitamin C in diabetic persons might promote atherosclerosis...
  91. pmc Association of circulating adhesion molecules with lung function. The CARDIA study
    Bharat Thyagarajan
    Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology, Medical School, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55454, USA
    Chest 135:1481-7. 2009
    ..We studied the association between ICAM-1 and P-selectin concentrations and lung function in the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults study...
  92. ncbi request reprint Intakes of antioxidants in coffee, wine, and vegetables are correlated with plasma carotenoids in humans
    Arne Svilaas
    Lipid Clinic, Medical Department, Rikshospitalet, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
    J Nutr 134:562-7. 2004
    ..These data agree with the hypothesis that dietary antioxidants other than the well-known antioxidants contribute to our antioxidant defense. Surprisingly, the single greatest contributor to the total antioxidant intake was coffee...
  93. ncbi request reprint Dairy products and ovarian cancer: a pooled analysis of 12 cohort studies
    Jeanine M Genkinger
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Room 339, Building 2, 665 Huntington Avenue, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 15:364-72. 2006
    ..Although case-control studies have reported conflicting results for dairy foods and lactose, several cohort studies have shown positive associations between skim milk, lactose, and ovarian cancer...
  94. ncbi request reprint Content of redox-active compounds (ie, antioxidants) in foods consumed in the United States
    Bente L Halvorsen
    Department of Nutrition, Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
    Am J Clin Nutr 84:95-135. 2006
    ..We suggest that other redox-active phytochemicals may be more effective and that a combination of different redox-active compounds (ie, antioxidants or reductants) may be needed for proper protection against oxidative damage...
  95. ncbi request reprint Health benefits of nuts: potential role of antioxidants
    Rune Blomhoff
    Department of Nutrition, Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
    Br J Nutr 96:S52-60. 2006
    ..Further studies are needed to clarify whether antioxidants contribute to this apparent beneficial health effect of nuts...
  96. ncbi request reprint Epidemiological support for the protection of whole grains against diabetes
    Maureen A Murtaugh
    Division of Epidemiology, University of Minnesota School of Public Health, Minneapolis, MN 55454, USA
    Proc Nutr Soc 62:143-9. 2003
    ..There is accumulating evidence to support the hypothesis that whole-grain consumption is associated with a reduced risk of incident type 2 diabetes; it may also improve glucose control in diabetic individuals...
  97. ncbi request reprint Associations of periodontal disease with femoral bone mineral density and estrogen replacement therapy: cross-sectional evaluation of US adults from NHANES III
    M Ronderos
    Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, USA
    J Clin Periodontol 27:778-86. 2000
    ..These findings indicate that in the presence of high calculus scores, females with osteoporosis are at increased risk for attachment loss and that this risk may be attenuated by the use of estrogen replacement therapy...
  98. ncbi request reprint Pregnancy-related changes in body fat
    A C Sidebottom
    Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA
    Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 94:216-23. 2001
    ..To determine patterns of subcutaneous body fat change from preconception through 6 weeks postpartum, and factors that modify them...
  99. ncbi request reprint Solubilization of beta-carotene in culture media
    M D Gross
    Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis 55454 1015, USA
    Nutr Cancer 27:174-6. 1997
    ..Nonetheless, solubilization of supraphysiological concentrations of beta-carotene indicated the feasibility of preparing culture media containing physiological concentrations (approximately 0.5 mumol/l) of beta-carotene...
  100. ncbi request reprint Association of physical activity with insulin sensitivity in children
    K H Schmitz
    Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55454, USA
    Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 26:1310-6. 2002
    ..Physical activity (PA) has been shown to improve insulin resistance and other cardiovascular disease risk factors in normal and diabetic adults and in obese youth, but not in non-diabetic, normal-weight children...
  101. ncbi request reprint Dietary iron intake and Type 2 diabetes incidence in postmenopausal women: the Iowa Women's Health Study
    D H Lee
    Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis 55454, USA
    Diabetologia 47:185-94. 2004
    ..Recently, a clear biological link between iron metabolism and diabetes has emerged from epidemiological and experimental studies. We carried out a prospective study of dietary iron intake and incidence of Type 2 diabetes...