GARY R contact HUNTER

Summary

Affiliation: University of Alabama at Birmingham
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Arterial elasticity, strength, fatigue, and endurance in older women
    Gary R Hunter
    Department of Human Studies, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA Department of Nutrition Science, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA
    Biomed Res Int 2014:501754. 2014
  2. pmc Insulin sensitivity affects propensity to obesity in an ethnic-specific manner: results from two controlled weight loss intervention studies
    Barbara A Gower
    Department of Nutrition Sciences, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA
    Nutr Metab (Lond) 10:3. 2013
  3. pmc Combined aerobic and strength training and energy expenditure in older women
    Gary R Hunter
    Department of Human Studies, University of Alabama at Birmingham, AL 35294 1250, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 45:1386-93. 2013
  4. pmc Weight loss and exercise training effect on oxygen uptake and heart rate response to locomotion
    Gary R Hunter
    Department of Human Studies, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, USA
    J Strength Cond Res 26:1366-73. 2012
  5. pmc Vitamin D intake is associated with insulin sensitivity in African American, but not European American, women
    Jessica A Alvarez
    Department of Nutrition Sciences, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 1625 University Blvd, Birmingham, Alabama, 35294, USA
    Nutr Metab (Lond) 7:28. 2010
  6. pmc Genetic variation in a member of the laminin gene family affects variation in body composition in Drosophila and humans
    Maria De Luca
    Department of Nutrition Sciences, School of Health Professions, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 3rd Avenue South, Birmingham, AL 35294 3360, USA
    BMC Genet 9:52. 2008
  7. ncbi request reprint Increased resting energy expenditure after 40 minutes of aerobic but not resistance exercise
    Gary R Hunter
    Human Studies and Nutrition Sciences Departments, Room 205 Education Building, University of Alabama, Birmingham, AL 35294 1250, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 14:2018-25. 2006
  8. ncbi request reprint Effects of resistance training on older adults
    Gary R Hunter
    Department of Human Studies, University of Alabama, Birmingham, Alabama 35294, USA
    Sports Med 34:329-48. 2004
  9. pmc Age, muscle fatigue, and walking endurance in pre-menopausal women
    Gary R Hunter
    Department of Human Studies, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 901 South 13th Street, Birmingham, AL 35294 1250, USA
    Eur J Appl Physiol 111:715-23. 2011
  10. ncbi request reprint Physical activity and muscle function but not resting energy expenditure impact on weight gain
    Gary R Hunter
    Departments of Human Studies and Nutrition Sciences, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Alabama 35294, USA
    J Strength Cond Res 19:225-30. 2005

Detail Information

Publications68

  1. ncbi request reprint Arterial elasticity, strength, fatigue, and endurance in older women
    Gary R Hunter
    Department of Human Studies, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA Department of Nutrition Science, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA
    Biomed Res Int 2014:501754. 2014
    ..These results suggest that arterial health may be involved with the ability of the central nervous system to activate muscle in older women. ..
  2. pmc Insulin sensitivity affects propensity to obesity in an ethnic-specific manner: results from two controlled weight loss intervention studies
    Barbara A Gower
    Department of Nutrition Sciences, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA
    Nutr Metab (Lond) 10:3. 2013
    ..abstract:..
  3. pmc Combined aerobic and strength training and energy expenditure in older women
    Gary R Hunter
    Department of Human Studies, University of Alabama at Birmingham, AL 35294 1250, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 45:1386-93. 2013
    ..To examine the effects of three different frequencies of combined resistance and aerobic training on total energy expenditure (TEE) and activity-related energy expenditure (AEE) in a group of older adults...
  4. pmc Weight loss and exercise training effect on oxygen uptake and heart rate response to locomotion
    Gary R Hunter
    Department of Human Studies, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, USA
    J Strength Cond Res 26:1366-73. 2012
    ..Results suggest that moderately intense exercise is helpful in improving the ease of movement after weight loss. Exercise training may be helpful in increasing the participation in free-living physical activity...
  5. pmc Vitamin D intake is associated with insulin sensitivity in African American, but not European American, women
    Jessica A Alvarez
    Department of Nutrition Sciences, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 1625 University Blvd, Birmingham, Alabama, 35294, USA
    Nutr Metab (Lond) 7:28. 2010
    ..The objective of this study was to test the hypothesis that dietary vitamin D would be associated with a robust measure of insulin sensitivity in AA and EA women...
  6. pmc Genetic variation in a member of the laminin gene family affects variation in body composition in Drosophila and humans
    Maria De Luca
    Department of Nutrition Sciences, School of Health Professions, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 3rd Avenue South, Birmingham, AL 35294 3360, USA
    BMC Genet 9:52. 2008
    ..Based on our results from Drosophila, we performed a human population-based association study to investigate the effect of natural variation in LAMA5 gene on body composition in humans...
  7. ncbi request reprint Increased resting energy expenditure after 40 minutes of aerobic but not resistance exercise
    Gary R Hunter
    Human Studies and Nutrition Sciences Departments, Room 205 Education Building, University of Alabama, Birmingham, AL 35294 1250, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 14:2018-25. 2006
    ..The objective of the study was to compare the effects of 40 minutes of high-intensity aerobic vs. resistance exercise on REE 19 to 67 hours after exercise...
  8. ncbi request reprint Effects of resistance training on older adults
    Gary R Hunter
    Department of Human Studies, University of Alabama, Birmingham, Alabama 35294, USA
    Sports Med 34:329-48. 2004
    ..Impairment in strength development may result when aerobic training is added to resistance training but can be avoided with training limited to 3 days/week...
  9. pmc Age, muscle fatigue, and walking endurance in pre-menopausal women
    Gary R Hunter
    Department of Human Studies, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 901 South 13th Street, Birmingham, AL 35294 1250, USA
    Eur J Appl Physiol 111:715-23. 2011
    ..In addition, these results support the hypothesis that age-related increases in metabolic economy may decrease MIF. However, decreased muscle strength and oxidative capacity are related to WE...
  10. ncbi request reprint Physical activity and muscle function but not resting energy expenditure impact on weight gain
    Gary R Hunter
    Departments of Human Studies and Nutrition Sciences, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Alabama 35294, USA
    J Strength Cond Res 19:225-30. 2005
    ....
  11. doi request reprint Resistance training conserves fat-free mass and resting energy expenditure following weight loss
    Gary R Hunter
    Department of Human Studies, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 16:1045-51. 2008
    ....
  12. ncbi request reprint Inverse relationship between exercise economy and oxidative capacity in muscle
    Gary R Hunter
    Human Studies Department, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Rm 205 Education Building, Birmingham, AL 35294 1250, USA
    Eur J Appl Physiol 94:558-68. 2005
    ..Our results support the concept that exercise economy and oxidative capacity are inversely related. We have demonstrated this inverse relationship in women both by indirect calorimetry during walking and in muscle tissue by 31P MRS...
  13. pmc Increased strength and decreased flexibility are related to reduced oxygen cost of walking
    Gary R Hunter
    Department of Human Studies, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Room 205 Education Building, 901 13th st south, Birmingham, AL 25294 1250, USA
    Eur J Appl Physiol 104:895-901. 2008
    ..Decreases in walking and grade netVO(2) were independently and positively related to increased knee extension strength and decreased knee extensor and plantar flexor flexibility...
  14. ncbi request reprint Muscle metabolic function and free-living physical activity
    Gary R Hunter
    Department of Human Studies, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294 1250, USA
    J Appl Physiol (1985) 101:1356-61. 2006
    ..In conclusion, physically inactive individuals tend to be more dependent on anaerobic glycolysis during exercise while relying on a glycolytic pathway that may not be functioning optimally...
  15. pmc Fat distribution, aerobic fitness, blood lipids, and insulin sensitivity in African-American and European-American women
    Gary R Hunter
    Department of Nutrition Sciences, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 18:274-81. 2010
    ..17 to -0.21). Maintenance of favorable fat distribution and aerobic fitness may be important strategies for healthy aging, at least in premenopausal EA and AA women...
  16. pmc Exercise training prevents regain of visceral fat for 1 year following weight loss
    Gary R Hunter
    Department of Human Studies, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 18:690-5. 2010
    ..More importantly, both aerobic and resistance training prevented regain of potentially harmful visceral fat...
  17. pmc Exercise economy in African American and European American women
    Gary R Hunter
    Departments of Human Studies, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Room 205 Education Building, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA
    Eur J Appl Physiol 111:1863-9. 2011
    ..e. stretch-shortening cycle elastic energy savings differences rather biochemical differences contribute to the better flat walking economy observed in AA women...
  18. ncbi request reprint Age is independently related to muscle metabolic capacity in premenopausal women
    Gary R Hunter
    Department of Human Studies, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 35294, USA
    J Appl Physiol (1985) 93:70-6. 2002
    ..These data suggest that, in sedentary premenopausal women, both oxidative and glycolytic muscle capacity decrease with age even when physical activity is taken into account...
  19. ncbi request reprint Comparison of metabolic and heart rate responses to super slow vs. traditional resistance training
    Gary R Hunter
    Human Studies Department, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama 35294, USA
    J Strength Cond Res 17:76-81. 2003
    ..The metabolic and cardiovascular stimuli were low with SST. Traditional resistance training increases energy expenditure more than SST does and thus may be more beneficial for body weight control...
  20. ncbi request reprint Racial differences in energy expenditure and aerobic fitness in premenopausal women
    G R Hunter
    Division of Physiology and Metabolism, Departments of Human Studies and Nutrition Sciences, University of Alabama at Birmingham, AL 35294 1250, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 71:500-6. 2000
    ..Aerobic fitness, or maximal oxygen uptake (f1.gif" BORDER="0">O(2)max), and energy expenditure (EE) may be lower in African Americans than in whites...
  21. ncbi request reprint Resistance training and intra-abdominal adipose tissue in older men and women
    Gary R Hunter
    Department of Human Studies, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 35294 1250, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 34:1023-8. 2002
    ..The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of RT on fat distribution in 12 women and 14 men, aged 61-77 yr...
  22. doi request reprint Tendon length and joint flexibility are related to running economy
    Gary R Hunter
    Department of Human Studies, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294 1250, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 43:1492-9. 2011
    ..The purpose of study was to determine whether quadriceps/patella and Achilles tendon length and flexibility of the knee extensors and plantar flexors are related to walking and running economy...
  23. ncbi request reprint Hemoglobin, muscle oxidative capacity, and VO2max in African-American and Caucasian women
    G R Hunter
    Department of Human Studies, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 35294 1250, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 33:1739-43. 2001
    ....
  24. ncbi request reprint Muscle metabolic economy is inversely related to exercise intensity and type II myofiber distribution
    G R Hunter
    Department of Human Studies, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 901 South 13th Street, Room 205, Birmingham, Alabama 35294 1250, USA
    Muscle Nerve 24:654-61. 2001
    ..53). These data suggest that skeletal muscle becomes less economical as force production increases, and that these decreases in metabolic economy may be related to increased dependence on inefficient type II muscle...
  25. ncbi request reprint Age-related decrease in resting energy expenditure in sedentary white women: effects of regional differences in lean and fat mass
    G R Hunter
    Division of Physiology and Metabolism, Departments of Human Studies and Nutrition Sciences, University of Alabama at Birmingham, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 73:333-7. 2001
    ..Lean mass and resting energy expenditure (REE) decrease with age. However, it is unknown whether age-related changes in regional lean and fat mass are responsible for the age-related decrease in REE...
  26. ncbi request reprint Relationship between insulin sensitivity and in vivo mitochondrial function in skeletal muscle
    Bovorn Sirikul
    Department of Human Studies, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294 3360, USA
    Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 291:E724-8. 2006
    ..404 vs. -0.300), suggesting that muscle mitochondrial function contributed to the racial difference in S(I). Lower muscle mitochondrial function among AAs may in part explain lower S(I) among them...
  27. pmc Diet-induced changes in intra-abdominal adipose tissue and CVD risk in American women
    Konstantina Katsoulis
    Department of Human Studies, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 17:2169-75. 2009
    ..The changes in IAAT were significantly related to blood lipids, but loss of LF seems to be related to reduced improvement in TC and TG. Based on these results, interventions should focus on changes on IAAT...
  28. pmc The role of European genetic admixture in the etiology of the insulin resistance syndrome in children: are the effects mediated by fat accumulation?
    Krista Casazza
    Department of Nutrition Sciences, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294 3360, USA
    J Pediatr 157:50-56.e1. 2010
    ..To evaluate the contribution of European genetic admixture (EUADM) to insulin resistance syndrome (IRS) in a multiethnic sample of children age 7-12 years, and to explore whether body fat affects this relationship...
  29. pmc Physical fitness, activity, and insulin dynamics in early pubertal children
    Krista Casazza
    Dept of Nutrition Sciences an Clinical Nutrition Research Center, University of Alabama at Birmingham, AL 35294 3360, USA
    Pediatr Exerc Sci 21:63-76. 2009
    ..Fitness was a stronger predictor of SI and AIRg than physical activity regardless of ethnicity; racial/ethnic differences in insulin dynamics were not accounted for by differences in fitness and/or physical activity...
  30. ncbi request reprint Low resting and sleeping energy expenditure and fat use do not contribute to obesity in women
    Roland L Weinsier
    Department of Nutrition Sciences, Clinical Nutrition Research Center, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294 1250, USA
    Obes Res 11:937-44. 2003
    ..Determine whether sleeping and resting energy expenditure and sleeping, resting, and 24-hour fuel use distinguish obesity-prone from obesity-resistant women and whether these metabolic factors explain long-term weight gain...
  31. ncbi request reprint Muscle metabolic function, exercise performance, and weight gain
    Kotcha Larew
    Departments of Human Studies, University of Alabama at Birmingham, AL 35294 1250, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 35:230-6. 2003
    ..The study purpose was to determine the relationship: 1) of muscle metabolism to exercise performance and 2) of exercise performance to rate of weight gain...
  32. ncbi request reprint Cardiovascular factors explain genetic background differences in VO2max
    Jane L P Roy
    Department of Human Studies, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama 35294, USA
    Am J Hum Biol 18:454-60. 2006
    ..05), whereas Hb and ethnicity were not. These results suggest that mitochondrial muscle oxidative capacity and oxygen delivery capabilities, as determined by O2Psubmax, account for most if not all of the ethnic differences in VO2max...
  33. ncbi request reprint Comparison of self-reported with objectively assessed energy expenditure in black and white women before and after weight loss
    Marianne C Walsh
    Division of Physiology and Metabolism, Department of Human Studies, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 35294 1250, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 79:1013-9. 2004
    ..Weight maintenance is less successful in black women than in white women after weight loss...
  34. ncbi request reprint Influence of distribution of lean body mass on resting metabolic rate after weight loss and weight regain: comparison of responses in white and black women
    Nuala M Byrne
    Department of Nutrition Sciences, University of Alabama at Birmingham, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 77:1368-73. 2003
    ..Little is known about the effect of weight change on regional lean body mass (LBM) distribution or on racial differences in resting metabolic rate (RMR)...
  35. ncbi request reprint Weight loss and race modulate nitric oxide metabolism in overweight women
    Catherine P Fenster
    Department of Nutrition Sciences, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA
    Free Radic Biol Med 37:695-702. 2004
    ....
  36. pmc Insulin sensitivity in African-American and white women: association with inflammation
    Tanya C Hyatt
    Department of Nutrition Sciences, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 17:276-82. 2009
    ..001). In conclusion, greater IAAT among whites may be associated with greater inflammation. Insulin sensitivity was lower among African Americans, independent of obesity, fat distribution, and inflammation...
  37. pmc Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D and parathyroid hormone are independent determinants of whole-body insulin sensitivity in women and may contribute to lower insulin sensitivity in African Americans
    Jessica A Alvarez
    Department of Nutrition Sciences and the Department of Pediatrics Division of Pediatric Endocrinology and Metabolism, The Children s Hospital, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 92:1344-9. 2010
    ..Furthermore, African Americans (AAs) have lower insulin sensitivity and 25(OH)D concentrations than do European Americans (EAs); whether these differences are associated in a cause-and-effect manner has not been determined...
  38. pmc Ethnicity and weight status affect the accuracy of proxy indices of insulin sensitivity
    Jessica A Alvarez
    Department of Nutrition Sciences, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 16:2739-44. 2008
    ..If proxy indices are used in multiethnic populations, or in populations including both lean and overweight/obese subjects, data should be interpreted with caution...
  39. pmc Effect of dietary adherence with or without exercise on weight loss: a mechanistic approach to a global problem
    Pedro Del Corral
    Department of Nutrition Sciences, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama 35294 3360, USA
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 94:1602-7. 2009
    ..Weight loss using low-calorie diets produces variable results, presumably due to a wide range of energy deficits and low-dietary adherence...
  40. ncbi request reprint Visceral adipose tissue in women: longitudinal study of the effects of fat gain, time, and race
    Cristina Lara-Castro
    Department of Nutrition Sciences, Clinical Nutrition Research Unit, Comprehensive Cancer Center, 1675 Webb Nutrition Sciences Building, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA
    Obes Res 10:868-74. 2002
    ..To determine the effects of fat gain, time, and race on the accumulation of visceral adipose tissue (VAT) in a group of normal-weight premenopausal women...
  41. pmc Glucose metabolism and diet predict changes in adiposity and fat distribution in weight-reduced women
    Barbara A Gower
    Department of Nutrition Sciences, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 18:1532-7. 2010
    ..The potential association between indexes of glucose disposal and changes in fat distribution warrants further study...
  42. pmc Respiratory quotient predicts fat mass gain in premenopausal women
    Amy C Ellis
    Department of Nutrition Sciences, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 18:2255-9. 2010
    ..This observation suggests that low postprandial fat oxidation may uniquely predispose obesity-prone individuals to accrual of adipose tissue...
  43. pmc Perception of others' body size influences weight loss and regain for European American but not African American women
    Paula C Chandler-Laney
    Department of Nutrition Sciences, University of Alabama, Birmingham, AL 35294 3361, USA
    Health Psychol 28:414-8. 2009
    ..Body composition was assessed by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry prior to and following weight loss...
  44. pmc Associations among body size dissatisfaction, perceived dietary control, and diet history in African American and European American women
    Paula C Chandler-Laney
    Department of Nutrition Sciences, University of Alabama at Birmingham, USA
    Eat Behav 10:202-8. 2009
    ....
  45. pmc Uncoupling protein 2 Ala55Val polymorphism is associated with a higher acute insulin response to glucose
    Amanda L Willig
    Department of Nutrition Sciences, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294 3360, USA
    Metabolism 58:877-81. 2009
    ..These results indicate that AIRg is associated with the -55C/T UCP2 homozygous mutation and that the presence of this mutation could alter postchallenge insulin concentration...
  46. pmc Adiponectin multimers and metabolic syndrome traits: relative adiponectin resistance in African Americans
    Cristina Lara-Castro
    Department of Nutrition Sciences, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 16:2616-23. 2008
    ..Thus, HMW adiponectin may exert less bioactivity in explaining the metabolic syndrome trait cluster in populations of predominant African genetic background...
  47. ncbi request reprint Association of the intestinal fatty acid-binding protein Ala54Thr polymorphism and abdominal adipose tissue in African-American and Caucasian women
    Cristina Lara-Castro
    Department of Nutrition Sciences, University of Alabama, Birmingham, Alabama 35294, USA
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 90:1196-201. 2005
    ..We conclude that women carriers of the FABP2 Thr allele have lower TAT and SAAT than noncarriers of the mutation. This association is present in Caucasian, but not in African-American, women...
  48. ncbi request reprint Prediction of maximal VO2 from a submaximal StairMaster test in young women
    Jane L P Roy
    Department of Human Studies, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA
    J Strength Cond Res 18:92-6. 2004
    ....
  49. ncbi request reprint Resistance training is associated with improved mood in healthy older adults
    Charles L McLafferty
    Department of Human Studies, University of Alabama at Birmingham 35294 1250, USA
    Percept Mot Skills 98:947-57. 2004
    ..These findings support the effectiveness of resistance training in improving mood in healthy older adults, although further study is needed to control for effect size, as well as cohort, social, and attentional effects...
  50. ncbi request reprint Apolipoprotein A-II polymorphism and visceral adiposity in African-American and white women
    Cristina Lara-Castro
    Division of Physiology and Metabolism, Department of Nutrition Sciences, University of Alabama, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA
    Obes Res 13:507-12. 2005
    ..These results indicate a significant association between the T265C APOA-II polymorphism and levels of VAT in premenopausal women. This association is present in white but not African-American women...
  51. ncbi request reprint Gender differences in resistance-training-induced myofiber hypertrophy among older adults
    Marcas M Bamman
    Geriatric Research, Education, and Clinical Center, VA Medical Center, Birmingham, Alabama, USA
    J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 58:108-16. 2003
    ..05). In summary, gender differences in load-induced myofiber hypertrophy among older adults cannot be explained by levels of circulating IGF-1 or dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate, or by expression of the myogenic transcripts examined...
  52. ncbi request reprint Ethnic differences in triceps surae muscle-tendon complex and walking economy
    John P McCarthy
    Department of Physical Therapy, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA
    J Strength Cond Res 20:511-8. 2006
    ..These preliminary findings indicate the structure of the muscle-tendon complex could be a factor partially accounting for reported ethnic differences in certain types of athletic-related performance...
  53. ncbi request reprint Physiological responses of skilled players during a competitive wheelchair tennis match
    Jane L P Roy
    Department of Human Studies, School of Education, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA
    J Strength Cond Res 20:665-71. 2006
    ....
  54. ncbi request reprint Polymorphism in the transcription factor 7-like 2 (TCF7L2) gene is associated with reduced insulin secretion in nondiabetic women
    Julian Munoz
    Department of Nutrition Sciences, 1675 Webb Nutrition Sciences Building, Room 241, University of Alabama, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA
    Diabetes 55:3630-4. 2006
    ..Our data suggest that the TCF7L2 gene is an important factor regulating insulin secretion, which could explain its association with type 2 diabetes...
  55. ncbi request reprint Effects of weight loss on changes in insulin sensitivity and lipid concentrations in premenopausal African American and white women
    Barbara A Gower
    University of Alabama at Birmingham, Department of Nutrition Sciences, 35294 3360, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 76:923-7. 2002
    ....
  56. ncbi request reprint Physical activity in free-living, overweight white and black women: divergent responses by race to diet-induced weight loss
    Roland L Weinsier
    Department of Nutrition Sciences, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 35294, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 76:736-42. 2002
    ..Black women are at greater risk of obesity than are white women, perhaps because of their lower levels of physical activity...
  57. ncbi request reprint Percent body fat is related to body-shape perception and dissatisfaction in students attending an all women's college
    Jane L P Roy
    Department of Human Studies, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA
    Percept Mot Skills 103:677-84. 2006
    ..Overall, data indicate these relationships except for Male Attractive were confounded by percent body fat, as participants with a higher percentage of body fat preferred larger shapes and were more dissatisfied with their shape...
  58. ncbi request reprint Free-living activity energy expenditure in women successful and unsuccessful at maintaining a normal body weight
    Roland L Weinsier
    Department of Nutrition Sciences, The University of Alabama at Birmingham, 35294, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 75:499-504. 2002
    ..Although physical inactivity is believed to contribute to the rising prevalence of obesity, the role and magnitude of its contribution to weight gain are unknown...
  59. doi request reprint IAAT, catecholamines, and parity in African-American and European-American women
    Tamilane E Blaudeau
    Department of Human Studies, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 16:797-803. 2008
    ..The objective of this study was to determine whether the IAAT-parity relationship found in EA women exists in African-American (AA) women and to determine whether catecholamines play a mediating role...
  60. ncbi request reprint Reproducibility of endurance performance on a treadmill using a preloaded time trial
    Ryan D Russell
    Department of Human Studies, Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 36:717-24. 2004
    ..The purpose of this study was to establish a highly reproducible test to measure endurance performance in runners...
  61. ncbi request reprint A festschrift for Roland L. Weinsier: nutrition scientist, educator, and clinician
    Douglas C Heimburger
    Department of Nutrition Sciences, Clinical Nutrition Research Center, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama 35294, USA
    Obes Res 11:1246-62. 2003
    ..Sadly, Roland Weinsier died on November 27, 2002. He will be missed and remembered by many as a revered and beloved teacher, mentor, healer, and scholar...
  62. ncbi request reprint Monitoring body fat in the elderly: application of air-displacement plethysmography
    David A Fields
    Department of Health and Sport Sciences, University of Oklahoma, 1401 Asp Avenue, Room 104, Norman, OK 73019, USA
    Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care 7:11-4. 2004
    ..As the test procedure is relatively easy to perform and quick, it may provide an improvement in body composition testing, especially in older individuals with poor ambulation and health...
  63. ncbi request reprint Metabolic equivalent: one size does not fit all
    Nuala M Byrne
    School of Human Movement Studies, Queensland Univ of Technology, Victoria Park Rd, Kelvin Grove, Q4059, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
    J Appl Physiol (1985) 99:1112-9. 2005
    ..Using measured or predicted RMR (ml O2 x kg(-1) x min(-1) or kcal x kg(-1) x h(-1)) as a correction factor can appropriately adjust for individual differences when estimating the energy cost of moderate intensity walking (5.6 km/h)...
  64. ncbi request reprint Sarcopenia in premenopausal and postmenopausal women with osteopenia, osteoporosis and normal bone mineral density
    Marianne C Walsh
    Northern Ireland Centre for Diet and Health, University of Ulster, Coleraine, Co Londonderry, Northern Ireland, BT52 1SA, UK
    Osteoporos Int 17:61-7. 2006
    ..Sarcopenia screening simultaneous to BMD examinations by DXA, may be of value in identifying osteoporotic women with sarcopenia, a group that may be most in need of exercise interventions to increase muscle and BMD...
  65. pmc IGF-I polymorphism is associated with lean mass, exercise economy, and exercise performance among premenopausal women
    Mardya Lopez-Alarcon
    Medical Nutrition Research Unit, Pediatric Hospital, Siglo XXI, National Medical Center, Mexico City, Mexico
    Arch Med Res 38:56-63. 2007
    ....
  66. ncbi request reprint Resistance training improves metabolic economy during functional tasks in older adults
    Michael J Hartman
    Department of Health and Exercise Science, University of Oklahoma, Norman 73109, USA
    J Strength Cond Res 21:91-5. 2007
    ....
  67. ncbi request reprint Relationship between metabolic function and skeletal muscle fatigue during a 90 s maximal isometric contraction
    Bovorn Sirikul
    Department of Kinesiology and Health Studies, Southeastern Louisiana University, Hammond, LA 70402, USA
    Appl Physiol Nutr Metab 32:394-9. 2007
    ..Additionally, the continued activity of CK at the end of 90 s of maximal exercise lends support to the concept of a CK shuttle facilitating energy transfer within the mitochondria...
  68. ncbi request reprint Influence of endurance running and recovery diet on intramyocellular lipid content in women: a 1H NMR study
    D Enette Larson-Meyer
    Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, Louisiana 70808, USA
    Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 282:E95-E106. 2002
    ..01 at 70 h). These results suggest that a certain quantity of dietary fat is required to replenish IMCL after endurance running...

Research Grants12

  1. EXERCISE TRAINING IN OBESITY-PRONE BLACK AND WHITE WOMEN
    Gary Hunter; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  2. Frequency of aerobic/resistance training in older women
    Gary Hunter; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Such information is critical to our understanding of ways to improve well being, quality of life, and independence of an aging population. ..
  3. Frequency of aerobic/resistance training in older women
    Gary Hunter; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Such information is critical to our understanding of ways to improve well being, quality of life, and independence of an aging population. ..
  4. Frequency of aerobic/resistance training in older women
    Gary Hunter; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Such information is critical to our understanding of ways to improve well being, quality of life, and independence of an aging population. ..
  5. Frequency of aerobic/resistance training in older women
    Gary Hunter; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Such information is critical to our understanding of ways to improve well being, quality of life, and independence of an aging population. ..
  6. EXERCISE TRAINING IN OBESITY-PRONE BLACK AND WHITE WOMEN
    Gary Hunter; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  7. EXERCISE TRAINING IN OBESITY-PRONE BLACK AND WHITE WOMEN
    Gary Hunter; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  8. EXERCISE TRAINING IN OBESITY-PRONE BLACK AND WHITE WOMEN
    Gary Hunter; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  9. EXERCISE TRAINING IN OBESITY-PRONE BLACK AND WHITE WOMEN
    Gary Hunter; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  10. Exercise Intensity, Metabolic Rate & Insulin Sensitivity
    GARY R contact HUNTER; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The results have potential significance for determining exercise strategies that may be beneficial for prevention and treatment of obesity and type 2 diabetes, especially for obesity-and-diabetes-prone racial groups. ..