Virginia J Howard

Summary

Affiliation: University of Alabama at Birmingham
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc Effect of duration and age at exposure to the Stroke Belt on incident stroke in adulthood
    Virginia J Howard
    Departments of Epidemiology, School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, USA
    Neurology 80:1655-61. 2013
  2. ncbi request reprint The changing risk factor profile of participants enrolled in a secondary stroke prevention trial: Vitamin intervention for stroke prevention
    Virginia J Howard
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294 0022, USA
    Neuroepidemiology 27:222-9. 2006
  3. ncbi request reprint High prevalence of stroke symptoms among persons without a diagnosis of stroke or transient ischemic attack in a general population: the REasons for Geographic And Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) study
    Virginia J Howard
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Alabama at Birmingham School of Public Health, 1665 University Blvd, Birmingham, AL 35294 0022, USA
    Arch Intern Med 166:1952-8. 2006
  4. pmc Disparities in stroke incidence contributing to disparities in stroke mortality
    Virginia J Howard
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 1665 University Boulevard, Birmingham, AL 35294 0022, USA
    Ann Neurol 69:619-27. 2011
  5. pmc An approach to coordinate efforts to reduce the public health burden of stroke: the Delta States Stroke Consortium
    Virginia J Howard
    School of Public Health, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 35294 0022, USA
    Prev Chronic Dis 1:A19. 2004
  6. pmc Prevalence of hypertension by duration and age at exposure to the stroke belt
    Virginia J Howard
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294 0022, USA
    J Am Soc Hypertens 4:32-41. 2010
  7. pmc Does sex matter? Thirty-day stroke and death rates after carotid artery stenting in women versus men: results from the Carotid Revascularization Endarterectomy versus Stenting Trial (CREST) lead-in phase
    Virginia J Howard
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294 0022, USA
    Stroke 40:1140-7. 2009
  8. ncbi request reprint Changes in plasma homocyst(e)ine in the acute phase after stroke
    Virginia J Howard
    Department of Epidemiology and International Health, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Ala 35294 0022, USA
    Stroke 33:473-8. 2002
  9. pmc Racial differences in the impact of elevated systolic blood pressure on stroke risk
    George Howard
    Departments of Biostatistics, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA
    JAMA Intern Med 173:46-51. 2013
  10. ncbi request reprint Cognitive status, stroke symptom reports, and modifiable risk factors among individuals with no diagnosis of stroke or transient ischemic attack in the REasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) Study
    Virginia G Wadley
    Department of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294 2041, USA
    Stroke 38:1143-7. 2007

Detail Information

Publications62

  1. pmc Effect of duration and age at exposure to the Stroke Belt on incident stroke in adulthood
    Virginia J Howard
    Departments of Epidemiology, School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, USA
    Neurology 80:1655-61. 2013
    ..To assess whether there are differences in the strength of association with incident stroke for specific periods of life in the Stroke Belt (SB)...
  2. ncbi request reprint The changing risk factor profile of participants enrolled in a secondary stroke prevention trial: Vitamin intervention for stroke prevention
    Virginia J Howard
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294 0022, USA
    Neuroepidemiology 27:222-9. 2006
    ..To determine if the stroke risk factor profile of participants in a large, multicenter secondary stroke prevention trial changed over the recruitment period...
  3. ncbi request reprint High prevalence of stroke symptoms among persons without a diagnosis of stroke or transient ischemic attack in a general population: the REasons for Geographic And Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) study
    Virginia J Howard
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Alabama at Birmingham School of Public Health, 1665 University Blvd, Birmingham, AL 35294 0022, USA
    Arch Intern Med 166:1952-8. 2006
    ..This study assessed the prevalence of stroke symptoms in a stroke- and transient ischemic attack (TIA)-free population and the association of symptoms with risk factors indexed by the Framingham Stroke Risk Score...
  4. pmc Disparities in stroke incidence contributing to disparities in stroke mortality
    Virginia J Howard
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 1665 University Boulevard, Birmingham, AL 35294 0022, USA
    Ann Neurol 69:619-27. 2011
    ..We provide national estimates of stroke incidence by race and region, contrasting these to publicly available stroke mortality data...
  5. pmc An approach to coordinate efforts to reduce the public health burden of stroke: the Delta States Stroke Consortium
    Virginia J Howard
    School of Public Health, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 35294 0022, USA
    Prev Chronic Dis 1:A19. 2004
    ..The Delta States Stroke Consortium members propose that together these domains and activities define a structure to guide interventions to reduce the public health burden of stroke in this region...
  6. pmc Prevalence of hypertension by duration and age at exposure to the stroke belt
    Virginia J Howard
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294 0022, USA
    J Am Soc Hypertens 4:32-41. 2010
    ..That adolescence and early adulthood periods are more predictive than residence in the stroke belt for most recent 20-year period suggests community and environmental strategies to prevent hypertension need to start earlier in life...
  7. pmc Does sex matter? Thirty-day stroke and death rates after carotid artery stenting in women versus men: results from the Carotid Revascularization Endarterectomy versus Stenting Trial (CREST) lead-in phase
    Virginia J Howard
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294 0022, USA
    Stroke 40:1140-7. 2009
    ..The potential for this same relationship with carotid artery stenting was examined in the lead-in phase of the Carotid Revascularization Endarterectomy versus Stenting Trial (CREST)...
  8. ncbi request reprint Changes in plasma homocyst(e)ine in the acute phase after stroke
    Virginia J Howard
    Department of Epidemiology and International Health, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Ala 35294 0022, USA
    Stroke 33:473-8. 2002
    ..Although the literature suggests that H(e) increases from the acute to the convalescent phase after a stroke, it is not known whether H(e) changes within the acute period...
  9. pmc Racial differences in the impact of elevated systolic blood pressure on stroke risk
    George Howard
    Departments of Biostatistics, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA
    JAMA Intern Med 173:46-51. 2013
    ..Between the ages 45 and 65 years, incident stroke is 2 to 3 times more common in blacks than in whites, a difference not explained by traditional stroke risk factors...
  10. ncbi request reprint Cognitive status, stroke symptom reports, and modifiable risk factors among individuals with no diagnosis of stroke or transient ischemic attack in the REasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) Study
    Virginia G Wadley
    Department of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294 2041, USA
    Stroke 38:1143-7. 2007
    ..This study evaluates relationships among cognitive status, stroke symptom reports, and cardiovascular and behavioral factors...
  11. pmc Traditional risk factors as the underlying cause of racial disparities in stroke: lessons from the half-full (empty?) glass
    George Howard
    Department of Biostatistics, School of Public Health, 1665 University Blvd, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA
    Stroke 42:3369-75. 2011
    ..Black/white disparities in stroke incidence are well documented, but few studies have assessed the contributions to the disparity. Here we assess the contribution of "traditional" risk factors...
  12. pmc Primary prophylactic aspirin use and incident stroke: reasons for geographic and racial differences in stroke study
    Stephen P Glasser
    Division of Preventive Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, USA
    J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis 22:500-7. 2013
    ..The data for aspirin and primary prevention of cardiovascular disease, and in particular stroke, are less clear, especially among blacks...
  13. pmc Nondisease-specific problems and all-cause mortality in the REasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke study
    C Barrett Bowling
    Birmingham Atlanta Geriatric Research, Education, and Clinical Center, Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Birmingham, Alabama 35233, USA
    J Am Geriatr Soc 61:739-46. 2013
    ..To evaluate the association between six nondisease-specific problems (problems that cross multiple domains of health) and mortality in middle-aged and older adults...
  14. pmc Advancing the hypothesis that geographic variations in risk factors contribute relatively little to observed geographic variations in heart disease and stroke mortality
    George Howard
    Department of Biostatistics, School of Public Health, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA
    Prev Med 49:129-32. 2009
    ..Geographic variation in risk factors may underlie geographic disparities in coronary heart disease (CHD) and stroke mortality...
  15. pmc Racial differences in albuminuria, kidney function, and risk of stroke
    ORLANDO M GUTIERREZ
    Departments of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA
    Neurology 79:1686-92. 2012
    ..The objective of this study was to examine the joint associations of estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and urinary albumin excretion with incident stroke in a large national cohort study...
  16. pmc Association of duration of residence in the southeastern United States with chronic kidney disease may differ by race: the REasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) cohort study
    Laura Plantinga
    Department of Epidemiology, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University School of Medicine, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Int J Health Geogr 12:17. 2013
    ..We postulated that a similar association would exist for chronic kidney disease (CKD)...
  17. ncbi request reprint Age differences in the association of obstructive sleep apnea risk with cognition and quality of life
    Kristin J Addison-Brown
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Neurobiology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA
    J Sleep Res 23:69-76. 2014
    ..Differences in cognition and quality of life between those at high and low obstructive sleep apnea risk were most pronounced during middle age, with attenuated effects after age 70 years. ..
  18. pmc What stroke symptoms tell us: association of risk factors and individual stroke symptoms in the REasons for Geographic And Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) study
    Liyan Gao
    Department of Biostatistics, School of Public Health, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama 35294, USA
    J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis 21:411-6. 2012
    ..Stroke symptoms are common among people without a history of stroke or transient ischemic attack; however, it is unknown if particular attention should be focused on specific symptoms for subgroups of patients...
  19. pmc Imputation of incident events in longitudinal cohort studies
    George Howard
    Department of Biostatistics, School of Public Health, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Ryals Building, Room 327D, 1665 University Boulevard, Birmingham, AL 35294 0022, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 174:718-26. 2011
    ....
  20. ncbi request reprint The reasons for geographic and racial differences in stroke study: objectives and design
    Virginia J Howard
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, USA
    Neuroepidemiology 25:135-43. 2005
    ..Participants are followed via telephone at 6-month intervals for identification of stroke events. The novel aspects of the REGARDS study allow for the creation of a national cohort to address geographic and ethnic differences in stroke...
  21. pmc Inflammation biomarkers and risk of all-cause mortality in the Reasons for Geographic And Racial Differences in Stroke cohort
    Edmond K Kabagambe
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 35294, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 174:284-92. 2011
    ..Adding the 3 inflammation biomarkers to a fully adjusted model improved risk discrimination by 23.7% (95% confidence interval: 9.3, 39.9). Measurement of more than 1 biomarker is more useful in risk prediction than single biomarkers...
  22. ncbi request reprint Validation of the atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease Pooled Cohort risk equations
    Paul Muntner
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Alabama at Birmingham2Department of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham
    JAMA 311:1406-15. 2014
    ..The American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) Pooled Cohort risk equations were developed to estimate atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk and guide statin initiation...
  23. pmc Life's Simple 7 and risk of incident stroke: the reasons for geographic and racial differences in stroke study
    Ambar Kulshreshtha
    Department of Epidemiology, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Stroke 44:1909-14. 2013
    ..The American Heart Association developed Life's Simple 7 (LS7) as a metric defining cardiovascular health. We investigated the association between LS7 and incident stroke in black and white Americans...
  24. ncbi request reprint Stroke symptoms in individuals reporting no prior stroke or transient ischemic attack are associated with a decrease in indices of mental and physical functioning
    George Howard
    Department of Biostatistics, School of Public Health, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA
    Stroke 38:2446-52. 2007
    ..Stroke symptoms in the absence of recognized stroke are common, but potential associated dysfunctions have not been described...
  25. pmc Risk factors for intracerebral hemorrhage: the REasons for geographic and racial differences in stroke (REGARDS) study
    George Howard
    Department of Biostatistics, UAB School of Public Health, 1665 University Blvd, Birmingham, AL 35294 0022, USA
    Stroke 44:1282-7. 2013
    ..Risk factors for intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) have been largely identified in case-control studies, with few longitudinal studies available...
  26. pmc Short- and long-term sunlight radiation and stroke incidence
    Shia T Kent
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Alabama at Birmingham, USA
    Ann Neurol 73:32-7. 2013
    ..Examine whether long- and short-term sunlight radiation is related to stroke incidence...
  27. pmc Self-report of stroke, transient ischemic attack, or stroke symptoms and risk of future stroke in the REasons for Geographic And Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) study
    Suzanne E Judd
    Department of Biostatistics, School of Public Health, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 1665 University Blvd, Birmingham, AL 35294 0022, USA
    Stroke 44:55-60. 2013
    ..However, the relative magnitude of increased stroke risk has not been described across the symptomatic spectrum: (1) asymptomatic, (2) stroke symptoms (SS) only, (3) TIA, (4) distant stroke (DS), and (5) recent stroke (RS)...
  28. pmc Association of prediabetes and diabetes with stroke symptoms: the REasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) study
    April P Carson
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Alabama, Birmingham, AL, USA
    Diabetes Care 35:1845-52. 2012
    ..Few studies have assessed whether individuals with diabetes or prediabetes, but no physician diagnosis of stroke, have an increased prevalence of stroke symptoms...
  29. pmc Incident cognitive impairment is elevated in the stroke belt: the REGARDS study
    Virginia G Wadley
    Department of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294 2041, USA
    Ann Neurol 70:229-36. 2011
    ..To determine whether incidence of impaired cognitive screening status is higher in the southern Stroke Belt region of the United States than in the remaining United States...
  30. ncbi request reprint Prevalence of chronic kidney disease and anemia among participants in the Reasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) Cohort Study: baseline results
    David G Warnock
    Department of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama 35294, USA
    Kidney Int 68:1427-31. 2005
  31. pmc Influence of sex on outcomes of stenting versus endarterectomy: a subgroup analysis of the Carotid Revascularization Endarterectomy versus Stenting Trial (CREST)
    Virginia J Howard
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA
    Lancet Neurol 10:530-7. 2011
    ..A prespecified secondary aim was to examine differences by sex...
  32. pmc Population-based fracture risk assessment and osteoporosis treatment disparities by race and gender
    Jeffrey R Curtis
    Division of Clinical Immunology and Rheumatology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham 35294, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 24:956-62. 2009
    ..Undertreatment of osteoporosis has been recognized as a common problem in selected patient subgroups. However, primary prevention has been hampered by limited risk assessment tools that can be applied to large populations...
  33. pmc The relationship between long-term sunlight radiation and cognitive decline in the REGARDS cohort study
    Shia T Kent
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 1665 University Blvd, Birmingham, AL, USA
    Int J Biometeorol 58:361-70. 2014
    ..Lastly, we found that males had an OR = 1.43 (95 % CI: 1.22, 1.69), and females had an OR = 1.02 (0.87, 1.20). We found that lower levels of solar radiation were associated with increased odds of incident cognitive impairment. ..
  34. pmc Caregiving strain and all-cause mortality: evidence from the REGARDS study
    Martinique Perkins
    Department of Health Behavior, UAB, Birmingham, AL 35294 0022, USA
    J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci 68:504-12. 2013
    ..Using a large, national sample, this study examined perceived caregiving strain and other caregiving factors in relation to all-cause mortality...
  35. pmc Low medication adherence and the incidence of stroke symptoms among individuals with hypertension: the REGARDS study
    Paul Muntner
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294 0022, USA
    J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich) 13:479-86. 2011
    ..20 (1.04-1.39), 1.23 (0.94-1.60), and 1.59 (1.08-2.33), respectively (P<.001). Worse adherence was also associated with higher multivariable adjusted hazard ratios for each of the 6 stroke symptoms...
  36. pmc Heavy drinking is associated with poor blood pressure control in the REasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) study
    Suzanne E Judd
    Department of Biostatistics, School of Public Health, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 1665 University Boulevard, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA
    Int J Environ Res Public Health 8:1601-12. 2011
    ..These data suggest heavy alcohol consumption is associated with poor BP control and that heavy drinkers may want to consider limiting alcohol intake in order to manage hypertension...
  37. pmc Awareness, treatment, and control of vascular risk factors among stroke survivors
    David A Brenner
    Department of Biostatistics, University of Alabama at Birmingham School of Public Health, Birmingham, Mobile, Alabama, USA
    J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis 19:311-20. 2010
    ..We therefore assessed the prevalence, treatment, and control of hypertension, diabetes, and dyslipidemia among stroke survivors versus stroke-free control subjects...
  38. pmc Indicators of childhood quality of education in relation to cognitive function in older adulthood
    Michael Crowe
    Department of Psychology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 1530 3rd Avenue S, HMB 111, Birmingham, AL 35294 2100, USA
    J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 68:198-204. 2013
    ..We examined indicators of childhood educational quality as predictors of cognitive performance and decline in later life...
  39. pmc Care seeking after stroke symptoms
    Virginia J Howard
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294 0022, USA
    Ann Neurol 63:466-72. 2008
    ..To assess risk factors associated with care for stroke symptoms...
  40. pmc Incidence of stroke symptoms among adults with chronic kidney disease: results from the REasons for Geographic And Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) study
    Paul Muntner
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA
    Nephrol Dial Transplant 27:166-73. 2012
    ..Reduced glomerular filtration rate and albuminuria are associated with an increased risk for stroke. Their association with stroke symptoms is not known...
  41. pmc Agreement on cause of death between proxies, death certificates, and clinician adjudicators in the Reasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) study
    Jewell H Halanych
    School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 1530 3rd Avenue South, Birmingham, AL 35294 4410, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 173:1319-26. 2011
    ..In many settings, proxy reports may represent a better strategy for determining cause of death than reliance on death certificates...
  42. pmc Does differential prophylactic aspirin use contribute to racial and geographic disparities in stroke and coronary heart disease (CHD)?
    Stephen P Glasser
    Preventive Medicine and Epidemiology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama 35205, USA
    Prev Med 47:161-6. 2008
    ..Aspirin use may reduce the risk of stroke and coronary heart disease. Differential use for vascular prophylaxis may contribute to racial and geographic disparities in stroke and coronary heart disease morbidity or mortality...
  43. ncbi request reprint The American Heart Association life's simple 7 and incident cognitive impairment: The REasons for Geographic And Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) study
    Evan L Thacker
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL E L T, V J H Department of Health Science, Brigham Young University, Provo, UT E L T
    J Am Heart Assoc 3:e000635. 2014
    ..We hypothesized that better Life's Simple 7 scores are associated with lower incidence of cognitive impairment...
  44. pmc Intake of trans fat and incidence of stroke in the REasons for Geographic And Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) cohort
    James N Kiage
    Division of Epidemiology, Department of Medicine, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN JNK, LL, and EKK the Departments of Epidemiology VJH and Biostatistics PDM and SEJ, School of Public Health, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL the Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN KH and the Departments of Medicine and Pathology, College of Medicine, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT MC
    Am J Clin Nutr 99:1071-6. 2014
    ..Except for the Women's Health Initiative-Observational Study, most studies that directly assessed the association between TFA intake and stroke yielded null results...
  45. pmc Value of orthopnea, paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea, and medications in prospective population studies of incident heart failure
    O James Ekundayo
    University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA
    Am J Cardiol 104:259-64. 2009
    ....
  46. pmc Association of the metabolic syndrome with atrial fibrillation among United States adults (from the REasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke [REGARDS] Study)
    Rikki M Tanner
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, USA
    Am J Cardiol 108:227-32. 2011
    ..15, 95% confidence interval 0.92 to 1.39). In conclusion, MS is associated with an increased prevalence of AF. Further studies investigating a potential mechanism for this excess risk are warranted...
  47. doi request reprint Observational epidemiology within randomized clinical trials: getting a lot for (almost) nothing
    George Howard
    Department of Biostatistics, School of Public Health, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294 0022, USA
    Prog Cardiovasc Dis 54:367-71. 2012
    ..While these assessments of associations are not protected by randomization, with proper planning these assessments within the RCT framework can be done in a powerful and effective manner...
  48. pmc Regional differences in African Americans' high risk for stroke: the remarkable burden of stroke for Southern African Americans
    George Howard
    University of Alabama School of Public Health, Department of Biostatistics, Birmingham, AL 35294 0022, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 17:689-96. 2007
    ..There is also a "STROKE BELT" with higher stroke mortality in the southeastern United States. This study assesses if there are also geographic variations in the magnitude of the excess stroke mortality for African Americans...
  49. ncbi request reprint Reduced medication access: a marker for vulnerability in US stroke survivors
    Deborah A Levine
    Deep South Center on Effectiveness Research, Birmingham VA Medical Center, AL, USA
    Stroke 38:1557-64. 2007
    ..Medication access is crucial to secondary stroke prevention. We assessed medication access and associated barriers to care across region and time in a national sample of US stroke survivors...
  50. pmc The geographic distribution of obesity in the US and the potential regional differences in misreporting of obesity
    Anh Le
    Department of Biostatistics, UAB School of Public Health, Birmingham, Alabama, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 22:300-6. 2014
    ..Conclusions: Geographic patterns in the prevalence of obesity based on self-reported height and weight may be misleading, and have implications for current policy proposals. ..
  51. pmc Genome-wide association analysis of blood-pressure traits in African-ancestry individuals reveals common associated genes in African and non-African populations
    Nora Franceschini
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
    Am J Hum Genet 93:545-54. 2013
    ....
  52. pmc Intake of trans fat and all-cause mortality in the Reasons for Geographical and Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) cohort
    James N Kiage
    Division of Epidemiology, Department of Medicine, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 97:1121-8. 2013
    ..The relation between trans fat intake and all-cause mortality has not been established...
  53. ncbi request reprint Obtaining medical records from healthcare facilities under the HIPAA Privacy Rule: the experience of a national longitudinal cohort study
    Shannon H Houser
    Department of Health Services Administration, School of Health Professions, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Webb 5101530 3rd Avenue South, Birmingham, AL 35294 3361, USA
    Neuroepidemiology 28:162-8. 2007
    ..46 days, p = 0.048). Medical records retrieval in prospective research studies is still feasible under HIPAA regulation...
  54. pmc Physical activity frequency and risk of incident stroke in a national US study of blacks and whites
    Michelle N McDonnell
    School of Health Sciences, University of South Australia, Adelaide, Australia
    Stroke 44:2519-24. 2013
    ..Regular physical activity (PA) is an important recommendation for stroke prevention. We compared the associations of self-reported PA with incident stroke in the Reasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) study...
  55. pmc Gene-centric meta-analysis of lipid traits in African, East Asian and Hispanic populations
    Clara C Elbers
    Department of Genetics, University of Pennsylvania, School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
    PLoS ONE 7:e50198. 2012
    ..However, differences between populations, especially differences in allele frequency, can be leveraged to identify novel signals, as shown by the discovery of ICAM1 and CD36 in the current report...
  56. ncbi request reprint Lowering homocysteine in patients with ischemic stroke to prevent recurrent stroke, myocardial infarction, and death: the Vitamin Intervention for Stroke Prevention (VISP) randomized controlled trial
    James F Toole
    Stroke Research Center, Department of Neurology, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27157, USA
    JAMA 291:565-75. 2004
    ..However the utility of homocysteine-lowering therapy to reduce that risk has not been confirmed by randomized trials...
  57. ncbi request reprint Plasma total homocysteine levels in stroke patients screened for the vitamin intervention for stroke prevention clinical trial in the era of folate fortification
    Helmi L Lutsep
    Oregon Stroke Center, OHSU, Portland, OR 97239, USA
    Neuroepidemiology 26:45-51. 2006
    ..06 overall, 0.0003 in the oldest age group). US levels were 0.39 micromol/l (95% CI: -0.08, 0.85) lower than in Canada. Neither fasting nor time since stroke affected the results...
  58. ncbi request reprint From sea to shining sea: what is it about where you live and your stroke risk?
    Virginia J Howard
    Stroke 38:2210-2. 2007
  59. pmc Factors contributing to global cognitive impairment in heart failure: results from a population-based cohort
    Patrick M Pullicino
    Kent Institute of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Kent, Canterbury, Kent, United Kingdom
    J Card Fail 14:290-5. 2008
    ..Heart failure (HF) and cognitive impairment are both common in older adults. However, the association between the two has not been well studied...
  60. ncbi request reprint Carotid artery stenting is associated with increased complications in octogenarians: 30-day stroke and death rates in the CREST lead-in phase
    Robert W Hobson
    University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey New Jersey Medical School, Newark 07101, USA
    J Vasc Surg 40:1106-11. 2004
    ..The occurrence of stroke and death was reviewed by an independent clinical events committee...
  61. ncbi request reprint Editorial comment--Identifying risk factors for perioperative outcomes after carotid endarterectomy: the story continues
    Virginia J Howard
    Stroke 34:2573-5. 2003