King Holmes

Summary

Affiliation: University of Washington
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc Multidrug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis in HIV-infected persons, Peru
    Pablo E Campos
    University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98104, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 9:1571-8. 2003
  2. pmc Developing capacity in health informatics in a resource poor setting: lessons from Peru
    Ann Marie Kimball
    University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, 98195, USA
    Hum Resour Health 7:80. 2009
  3. pmc Handheld computers for self-administered sensitive data collection: a comparative study in Peru
    Antonio Bernabe-Ortiz
    School of Public Health and Administration, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Peru
    BMC Med Inform Decis Mak 8:11. 2008
  4. pmc Evaluation of a joint Bioinformatics and Medical Informatics international course in Peru
    Walter H Curioso
    School of Public Health and Administration, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Peru
    BMC Med Educ 8:1. 2008
  5. ncbi request reprint Unique gonococcal phenotype associated with asymptomatic infection in men and with erroneous diagnosis of nongonococcal urethritis
    W L Whittington
    Department of Medicine and Center for AIDS and STD, University of Washington School of Medicine, and Division of Infectious Diseases, Harborview Medical Center, Seattle, WA, USA
    J Infect Dis 181:1044-8. 2000
  6. pmc Male genital hygiene beliefs and practices in Nairobi, Kenya
    M S Steele
    Program for Appropriate Technology and Health PATH, University of Washington Center for AIDS and STDs, Harborview Medical Center, 325 Ninth Avenue, Seattle, WA 98104, USA
    Sex Transm Infect 80:471-6. 2004
  7. pmc Effectiveness of condoms in preventing sexually transmitted infections
    King K Holmes
    Department of Medicine, and Director, Center for AIDS and STD, University of Washington, 325 9th Avenue, Seattle, WA 98104, USA
    Bull World Health Organ 82:454-61. 2004
  8. ncbi request reprint Preventing genital infections with human papillomavirus: lessons learned from the HIV epidemic
    K K Holmes
    University of Washington, Center for AIDS and STD, 325 9th Avenue, Seattle, WA 98104, USA
    J Clin Virol 19:91-9. 2000
  9. ncbi request reprint HIV, syphilis and heterosexual bridging among Peruvian men who have sex with men
    Stephen Tabet
    Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA
    AIDS 16:1271-7. 2002
  10. pmc Association between condom use at sexual debut and subsequent sexual trajectories: a longitudinal study using biomarkers
    Taraneh Shafii
    Section of Adolescent Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, University of Washington, Seattle, USA
    Am J Public Health 97:1090-5. 2007

Research Grants

  1. HETEROSEXUAL TRANSMISSION OF HHV 8 IN KENYA
    King Holmes; Fiscal Year: 2005
  2. UNIVERSITY OF WASHINGTON CENTER FOR AIDS RESEARCH
    King Holmes; Fiscal Year: 2007
  3. STD/AIDS RESEARCH TRAINING GRANT
    King Holmes; Fiscal Year: 2007

Detail Information

Publications84

  1. pmc Multidrug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis in HIV-infected persons, Peru
    Pablo E Campos
    University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98104, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 9:1571-8. 2003
    ..MDR-TB is an ongoing problem in HIV-infected persons receiving care in public hospitals in Lima and Callao; they represent sentinel cases for a potentially larger epidemic of nosocomial MDR-TB...
  2. pmc Developing capacity in health informatics in a resource poor setting: lessons from Peru
    Ann Marie Kimball
    University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, 98195, USA
    Hum Resour Health 7:80. 2009
    ..In 2007, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia started offering the first graduate diploma program in biomedical informatics in Peru...
  3. pmc Handheld computers for self-administered sensitive data collection: a comparative study in Peru
    Antonio Bernabe-Ortiz
    School of Public Health and Administration, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Peru
    BMC Med Inform Decis Mak 8:11. 2008
    ..The goal of this study is to evaluate the quality of sexual behavior data collected with handheld computers in comparison with paper-based questionnaires...
  4. pmc Evaluation of a joint Bioinformatics and Medical Informatics international course in Peru
    Walter H Curioso
    School of Public Health and Administration, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Peru
    BMC Med Educ 8:1. 2008
    ....
  5. ncbi request reprint Unique gonococcal phenotype associated with asymptomatic infection in men and with erroneous diagnosis of nongonococcal urethritis
    W L Whittington
    Department of Medicine and Center for AIDS and STD, University of Washington School of Medicine, and Division of Infectious Diseases, Harborview Medical Center, Seattle, WA, USA
    J Infect Dis 181:1044-8. 2000
    ..95%, P<.01), and thus more often was erroneously diagnosed as nongonococcal urethritis. Several mechanisms could explain reduced inflammatory response to the CU auxotype and its recent spread...
  6. pmc Male genital hygiene beliefs and practices in Nairobi, Kenya
    M S Steele
    Program for Appropriate Technology and Health PATH, University of Washington Center for AIDS and STDs, Harborview Medical Center, 325 Ninth Avenue, Seattle, WA 98104, USA
    Sex Transm Infect 80:471-6. 2004
    ..This study examines knowledge and behaviours related to hygiene, genital hygiene, circumcision and hygiene, and to genital hygiene before and after sex among men in Nairobi, Kenya...
  7. pmc Effectiveness of condoms in preventing sexually transmitted infections
    King K Holmes
    Department of Medicine, and Director, Center for AIDS and STD, University of Washington, 325 9th Avenue, Seattle, WA 98104, USA
    Bull World Health Organ 82:454-61. 2004
    ..Although condoms are not 100% effective, partial protection can substantially reduce the spread of STIs within populations...
  8. ncbi request reprint Preventing genital infections with human papillomavirus: lessons learned from the HIV epidemic
    K K Holmes
    University of Washington, Center for AIDS and STD, 325 9th Avenue, Seattle, WA 98104, USA
    J Clin Virol 19:91-9. 2000
    ..Specific suggestions for HPV prevention efforts are discussed...
  9. ncbi request reprint HIV, syphilis and heterosexual bridging among Peruvian men who have sex with men
    Stephen Tabet
    Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA
    AIDS 16:1271-7. 2002
    ....
  10. pmc Association between condom use at sexual debut and subsequent sexual trajectories: a longitudinal study using biomarkers
    Taraneh Shafii
    Section of Adolescent Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, University of Washington, Seattle, USA
    Am J Public Health 97:1090-5. 2007
    ..We compared subsequent sexual behaviors and risk of sexually transmitted infections among adolescents who did and did not use a condom at their sexual debut...
  11. ncbi request reprint Prevention of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) in female sex workers: prospective evaluation of condom promotion and strengthened STD services
    Jorge Sanchez
    Center for AIDS and STD, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98104, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 30:273-9. 2003
    ..In PerĂº, a previous study of government-sponsored periodic examinations of female sex workers (FSWs) found no significant impact on rates of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs)...
  12. ncbi request reprint Measuring sex partner concurrency: it's what's missing that counts
    Sara J Nelson
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 34:801-7. 2007
    ..Sex partner concurrency is an important determinant of STI transmission dynamics, yet its measurement is not standardized...
  13. ncbi request reprint Independent association of hygiene, socioeconomic status, and circumcision with reduced risk of HIV infection among Kenyan men
    Amalia S Meier
    Department of Laboratory Medicine, Center for AIDS and STD, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98104, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 43:117-8. 2006
    ..1; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.4-19.1) and inversely associated with being circumcised (OR, 0.12; 95% CI, 0.02-0.91), but also independently associated with a combined measure of hygiene (OR, 0.41; 95% CI, 0.19-0.90)...
  14. ncbi request reprint Effect of expedited treatment of sex partners on recurrent or persistent gonorrhea or chlamydial infection
    Matthew R Golden
    Division of Infectious Diseases and the Center for AIDS and Sexually Transmitted Diseases, University of Washington, Seattle, USA
    N Engl J Med 352:676-85. 2005
    ..Many sex partners of persons with gonorrhea or chlamydial infections are not treated, which leads to frequent reinfections and further transmission...
  15. ncbi request reprint Sex partner concurrency: measurement, prevalence, and correlates among urban 18-39-year-olds
    Lisa E Manhart
    University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 29:133-43. 2002
    ..Sex partner concurrency probably accelerates the spread of sexually transmitted disease (STD) and HIV, yet few data exist on population prevalence or correlates...
  16. ncbi request reprint Rescreening for gonorrhea and chlamydial infection through the mail: a randomized trial
    Rachel Sparks
    Division of Infectious Diseases and the Center for AIDS and STD, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 31:113-6. 2004
    ..Rescreening patients after treatment of Chlamydia trachomatis or Neisseria gonorrhoeae infection has had high yield but low rates of participation...
  17. pmc Comparative geographic concentrations of 4 sexually transmitted infections
    Roxanne P Kerani
    Public Health Seattle and King County, Harborview Medical Center, 359777, 325 9th Avenue, Seattle, WA 98104, USA
    Am J Public Health 95:324-30. 2005
    ..We measured and compared the concentration of primary and secondary syphilis, gonorrhea, chlamydial infection, and genital herpes in a large county with urban, suburban, and rural settings...
  18. ncbi request reprint A comparison between audio computer-assisted self-interviews and clinician interviews for obtaining the sexual history
    Ann E Kurth
    Center for AIDS and STD, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 7266, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 31:719-26. 2004
    ..The objective of this study was to compare reporting between audio computer-assisted self-interview (ACASI) and clinician-administered sexual histories...
  19. ncbi request reprint Concurrent sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in sex partners of patients with selected STIs: implications for patient-delivered partner therapy
    Joanne Stekler
    Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 40:787-93. 2005
    ..Some partners who receive PDPT may forgo clinical evaluation, resulting in missed opportunities for the diagnosis and treatment of comorbid conditions...
  20. ncbi request reprint Pharmacy-based assessment of adherence to HAART predicts virologic and immunologic treatment response and clinical progression to AIDS and death
    Mari M Kitahata
    Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98104, USA
    Int J STD AIDS 15:803-10. 2004
    ..2). Patients who progressed to AIDS or death had significantly higher viral loads (P = 0.01) and lower CD4 cell counts (P = 0.03) than patients who experienced virologic failure, but did not progress...
  21. ncbi request reprint Etiologies and manifestations of persistent diarrhea in adults with HIV-1 infection: a case-control study in Lima, Peru
    Cesar Carcamo
    Departments of Epidemiology, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98140, USA
    J Infect Dis 191:11-9. 2005
    ..OBJECTIVE We sought to determine the etiologies, manifestations, and risk factors for persistent (> or =7 days) diarrhea in human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1)-infected persons in Peru...
  22. ncbi request reprint A national survey of clinic sexual histories for sexually transmitted infection and HIV screening
    Ann E Kurth
    Biobehavioral Nursing and Health Systems, University of Washington UW School of Nursing, Seattle, Washington 98195 7266, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 32:370-6. 2005
    ..Optimal elements of a sexual history for sexually transmitted infection (STI) and HIV risk assessment remain undefined...
  23. ncbi request reprint Human papillomavirus infection among sexually active young women in the United States: Implications for developing a vaccination strategy
    Lisa E Manhart
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 33:502-8. 2006
    ..Population-level data on prevalence and distribution of human papillomavirus (HPV) types in the United States are necessary to guide optimal vaccination strategies...
  24. ncbi request reprint Primary HIV infection education: knowledge and attitudes of HIV-negative men who have sex with men attending a public health sexually transmitted disease clinic
    Joanne Stekler
    Division of Allergy and Infectious Diseases and Center for AIDS Research, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98104, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 42:123-6. 2006
    ..Until more individuals with PHI seek evaluation, the public health impact of RNA testing is likely to be small...
  25. pmc Prospective study of vaginal bacterial flora and other risk factors for vulvovaginal candidiasis
    R Scott McClelland
    Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98104, USA
    J Infect Dis 199:1883-90. 2009
    ..Our objective was to determine the relationship between vaginal bacterial flora and VVC...
  26. doi request reprint Improvement of vaginal health for Kenyan women at risk for acquisition of human immunodeficiency virus type 1: results of a randomized trial
    R Scott McClelland
    Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, USA
    J Infect Dis 197:1361-8. 2008
    ..Vaginal infections are common and have been associated with increased risk for acquisition of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1)...
  27. pmc Generation C: prevalence of and risk factors for chlamydia trachomatis among adolescents and young women in Lima, Peru
    Kathleen J Paul
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195, USA
    J Womens Health (Larchmt) 18:1419-24. 2009
    ..We assessed associations of Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) infection with both traditional STI risk factors, and partner and partnership-related factors among low-income women in Lima, Peru, by age group...
  28. ncbi request reprint Associations between intravaginal practices and bacterial vaginosis in Kenyan female sex workers without symptoms of vaginal infections
    Wisal M Hassan
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 34:384-8. 2007
    ..Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is highly prevalent among African women and has been associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes, sexually transmitted diseases, and HIV-1...
  29. pmc From the NIH: proceedings of a workshop on the importance of self-obtained vaginal specimens for detection of sexually transmitted infections
    Marcia M Hobbs
    Department of Medicine, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 35:8-13. 2008
    ..Similarly, SOVs should be explored for use in the diagnosis of other sexually transmitted pathogens...
  30. pmc Mycoplasma genitalium among young adults in the United States: an emerging sexually transmitted infection
    Lisa E Manhart
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98104 2499, USA
    Am J Public Health 97:1118-25. 2007
    ..We sought to determine the prevalence of and risk factors associated with Mycoplasma genitalium infection in a nationally representative sample of young adults in the United States...
  31. ncbi request reprint Evaluation of a population-based program of expedited partner therapy for gonorrhea and chlamydial infection
    Matthew R Golden
    Public Health Seattle and King County, Seattle, Washington, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 34:598-603. 2007
    ....
  32. doi request reprint Correlates of cervical Mycoplasma genitalium and risk of preterm birth among Peruvian women
    Jane Hitti
    Department of Obstetrics Gynecology, University of Washington Medical Center, Box 356460, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 37:81-5. 2010
    ..We investigated associations between cervical M genitalium, demographic and behavioral risk factors for sexually transmitted infection and preterm birth among low-income Peruvian women...
  33. pmc Age- and gender-specific estimates of partnership formation and dissolution rates in the Seattle sex survey
    Sara J Nelson
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Washington, Center for AIDS and STD, Harborview Medical Center, 325 9thAve, Seattle, WA 98104, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 20:308-17. 2010
    ..Partnership formation and dissolution rates are primary determinants of sexually transmitted infection (STI) transmission dynamics...
  34. ncbi request reprint Condom use and the risk of genital human papillomavirus infection in young women
    Rachel L Winer
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Washington, Seattle, USA
    N Engl J Med 354:2645-54. 2006
    ....
  35. ncbi request reprint Global health in medical education: a call for more training and opportunities
    Paul K Drain
    National Institutes of Health Fogarty Ellison Clinical Research Fellow, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, Washington, USA
    Acad Med 82:226-30. 2007
    ..Finally, the authors suggest several steps that medical schools can take to meet the growing global health interest of medical students, which will make them better physicians and strengthen our medical system...
  36. ncbi request reprint Influence of study population on the identification of risk factors for sexually transmitted diseases using a case-control design: the example of gonorrhea
    Lisa E Manhart
    Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle 98104, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 160:393-402. 2004
    ..9). Risk factors identified in STD clinics will probably be confirmed in a general population sample, despite overcontrolling for shared behaviors; however, factors associated with both disease and STD clinic attendance may be missed...
  37. ncbi request reprint Disseminated sporotrichosis associated with treatment with immunosuppressants and tumor necrosis factor-alpha antagonists
    Geoffrey S Gottlieb
    Division of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 37:838-40. 2003
    ..This case illustrates the potential for infectious complications related to the use of cytotoxic immunosuppressants and anticytokine agents, such as TNF-alpha antagonists...
  38. pmc Pilot study of COBAS PCR and ligase chain reaction for detection of rectal infections due to Chlamydia trachomatis
    Matthew R Golden
    Division of Infectious Diseases and the Center for AIDS and STD, University of Washington, and Public Health Seattle and King County STD Program, Seattle, USA
    J Clin Microbiol 41:2174-5. 2003
    ..Chlamydiae were detected by one or more procedures in 22 of 186 specimens. All three PCR tests were positive for 17 specimens, all of which also tested positive by LCR...
  39. ncbi request reprint Partner notification for HIV and STD in the United States: low coverage for gonorrhea, chlamydial infection, and HIV
    Matthew R Golden
    Division of Infectious Diseases and the Center for AIDS and STD, University of Washington, Harborview Medical Center, Box 359777, 325 9th Avenue, Seattle, WA 98104, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 30:490-6. 2003
    ..Little is known about the scope of current public health partner-notification (PN) activities in the United States...
  40. ncbi request reprint Update on syphilis: resurgence of an old problem
    Matthew R Golden
    Division of Infectious Diseases, the Center for AIDS and STD, University of Washington, Seattle, USA
    JAMA 290:1510-4. 2003
  41. ncbi request reprint Spatial bridges for the importation of gonorrhea and chlamydial infection
    Roxanne P Kerani
    Center for AIDS and STD, Harborview Medical Center, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98104, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 30:742-9. 2003
    ..2% of study participants had both local and geographically distant sex partners in the 60 days before diagnosis. Individuals who served as spatial bridges were of higher socioeconomic status and older than other patients...
  42. ncbi request reprint Evaluation of genital sites and sampling techniques for detection of human papillomavirus DNA in men
    Bethany A Weaver
    Center for AIDS and STD Research, Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Harborview Medical Center, 325 9th Avenue, Box 359931, Seattle, WA 98104 USA
    J Infect Dis 189:677-85. 2004
    ..The HPV prevalence was similar for circumcised and uncircumcised men. Testing multiple sites increased the number of men for whom HPV DNA was detected...
  43. ncbi request reprint Electronic human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) clinical reminder system improves adherence to practice guidelines among the University of Washington HIV Study Cohort
    Mari M Kitahata
    Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Harborview Medical Center, Box 359931, 325 9th Ave, Seattle, WA 98104, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 36:803-11. 2003
    ..86; 95% CI, 1.05-3.27; P=.03) and syphilis infection (OR, 3.71; 95% CI, 2.37-5.81; P<.0001). HIV clinical reminders delivered at the time that HIV care is provided were associated with more timely initiation of recommended practices...
  44. ncbi request reprint Mucopurulent cervicitis and Mycoplasma genitalium
    Lisa E Manhart
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA
    J Infect Dis 187:650-7. 2003
    ..genitalium had a 3.3-fold greater risk (95% confidence interval, 1.7-6.4) of MPC, which suggests that this organism may be a cause of MPC...
  45. ncbi request reprint Endometritis: the clinical-pathologic syndrome
    Linda O Eckert
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Washington, Seattle, 98104 2499, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 186:690-5. 2002
    ..The purpose of this study was to evaluate histologically proved endometritis as a clinical syndrome that is distinct from laparoscopically confirmed salpingitis...
  46. ncbi request reprint Failure of family-planning referral and high interest in advanced provision emergency contraception among women contacted for STD partner notification
    Matthew R Golden
    Division of Infectious Diseases and the Center for AIDS and STD, Harborview Medical Center, University of Washington, Box 359777, 325 9th Avenue, Seattle, WA 98104 2499, USA
    Contraception 69:241-6. 2004
    ..Few data are available on the risk of unintended pregnancy in women with STD or how contraceptive services can be integrated into STD control activities...
  47. pmc Comprehensive health care for people infected with HIV in developing countries
    Mari M Kitahata
    Center for AIDS and STD, University of Washington, Harborview Medical Center, 325 9th Avenue, Seattle, WA 98104, USA
    BMJ 325:954-7. 2002
  48. ncbi request reprint Importance of sex partner HIV status in HIV risk assessment among men who have sex with men
    Matthew R Golden
    Public Health Seattle and King County, and Division of Infectious Diseases and the Center for AIDS and STD, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98104, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 36:734-42. 2004
    ..These risk criteria might be effectively used to triage MSM into more intensive prevention interventions...
  49. ncbi request reprint Sexual networks of pregnant women with and without HIV infection
    Kay M Johnson
    Department of Medicine, University of Washington, VA Puget Sound Health Care System, Seattle, Washington 98108, USA
    AIDS 17:605-12. 2003
    ..To determine the relationship of HIV infection in pregnant women to sexual network size and other risk factors...
  50. ncbi request reprint Support among persons infected with HIV for routine health department contact for HIV partner notification
    Matthew R Golden
    The Center for AIDS and STD and the Division of Infectious Diseases, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 32:196-202. 2003
    ..In contrast to common public perceptions, these results suggest that most persons with HIV support health departments routinely contacting people after HIV diagnosis and that many want assistance with PN...
  51. pmc Cervical shedding of human T cell lymphotropic virus type I is associated with cervicitis
    Joseph R Zunt
    Department of Neurology, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle 98104, USA
    J Infect Dis 186:1669-72. 2002
    ..3-4.3) or Neisseria gonorrhoeae (OR, 1.1; 95% CI, 0.6-3.7) were not significantly associated with HTLV-I shedding. Our results suggest that cervicitis may increase cervical HTLV-I shedding and the sexual transmission of this virus...
  52. pmc Performance of a new, rapid assay for detection of Trichomonas vaginalis
    Ann Kurth
    University of Washington Center for AIDS and STDs, Box 359931, 325 9th Ave, Seattle, WA 98104, USA
    J Clin Microbiol 42:2940-3. 2004
    ..4% [P = 0.04]) but was less specific (98.6% versus 100% [P = 0.001]). The XenoStrip rapid assay is well suited for use in settings with a moderately high prevalence of T. vaginalis infection, particularly when microscopy is not practical...
  53. ncbi request reprint The ABCs of HIV prevention in men: associations with HIV risk and protective behaviors
    Matthew S Steele
    Program for Appropriate Technology in Health PATH, Seattle, WA, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 43:571-6. 2006
    ..To elucidate associations between beliefs in abstinence, fidelity, and condom use (the "ABCs" of preventing HIV and other sexually transmitted infections) and associated self-reported risk behaviors among Kenyan men...
  54. pmc Moving upstream: ecosocial and psychosocial correlates of sexually transmitted infections among young adults in the United States
    Anne L Buffardi
    UW Center for AIDS and STD, University of Washington, 325 9th Ave, Box 359931, Seattle, WA 98104 2499, USA
    Am J Public Health 98:1128-36. 2008
    ..We determined the associations of ecosocial factors and psychosocial factors with having a prevalent sexually transmitted infection (STI), recent STI diagnoses, and sexual risk behaviors...
  55. ncbi request reprint Sexually transmitted diseases and human immunodeficiency virus-discordant partnerships among men who have sex with men
    William L H Whittington
    Center for AIDS and STD, Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98104, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 35:1010-7. 2002
    ..High prevalences of bacterial STDs and HIV-discordant partnerships emphasize the need for interventions to foster serostatus discussion, condom use, fewer anonymous partners, and STD screening...
  56. doi request reprint Partner- and partnership-related risk factors for preterm birth among low-income women in Lima, Peru
    Kathleen Paul
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Washington, Seattle, USA
    Soc Sci Med 68:1535-40. 2009
    ..Further research could clarify the specific mechanisms through which these partner and partnership characteristics may increase the risk of preterm birth...
  57. ncbi request reprint Determinants of cervical cancer rates in developing countries
    Paul K Drain
    International Health Program, Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA
    Int J Cancer 100:199-205. 2002
    ..Finally, relatively low immunization rates and a shortage of health-care workers in countries with high CC rates suggest potential challenges for introducing prophylactic HPV vaccines...
  58. ncbi request reprint Epidemic Lymphogranuloma venereum during epidemics of crack cocaine use and HIV infection in the Bahamas
    J Eric Bauwens
    University of Washington Division of Infectious Diseases, Seattle, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 29:253-9. 2002
    ..Since the early 1980s, the Bahamas has experienced sequential epidemics of freebase/crack cocaine use, genital ulcer-inguinal adenopathy disease (GUD), and heterosexual HIV infection...
  59. ncbi request reprint Is condom use habit forming?: Condom use at sexual debut and subsequent condom use
    Taraneh Shafii
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 31:366-72. 2004
    ..The objective of this study was to assess whether using a condom at adolescent sexual debut is associated with an increased likelihood of subsequent condom use...
  60. ncbi request reprint Randomised treatment trial of bacterial vaginosis to prevent post-abortion complication
    Leslie Miller
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Washington, Harborview Medical Center, 325 9th Avenue, Seattle, WA 98104 2499, USA
    BJOG 111:982-8. 2004
    ..To evaluate the efficacy of metronidazole to reduce post-abortion complications among women with bacterial vaginosis...
  61. pmc Reproductive tract infections in rural women from the highlands, jungle, and coastal regions of Peru
    Patricia J Garcia
    Center for AIDS and STDs, University of Washington, Harborview Medical Center Box 359931, Seattle, WA 98104, USA
    Bull World Health Organ 82:483-92. 2004
    ..To define the prevalences and manifestations of reproductive tract infections (RTIs) in rural Peruvian women...
  62. ncbi request reprint Why do different criteria for 'cure' yield different conclusions in comparing two treatments for bacterial vaginosis?
    Katherine K Thomas
    University of Washington, Department of Medicine, Seattle, Washington 98104, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 32:526-30. 2005
    ....
  63. ncbi request reprint Correlates of national HIV seroprevalence: an ecologic analysis of 122 developing countries
    Paul K Drain
    School of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 35:407-20. 2004
    ..Ecologic analyses of social and developmental correlates of country-level HIV seroprevalence may suggest strategies for combating the HIV/AIDS epidemic...
  64. ncbi request reprint Randomized controlled trials of individual-level, population-level, and multilevel interventions for preventing sexually transmitted infections: what has worked?
    Lisa E Manhart
    Departments of Medicine and Epidemiology and Center for AIDS and STD, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98104, USA
    J Infect Dis 191:S7-24. 2005
    ..We reviewed trials of interventions to prevent sexual transmission of any STI, employing a multilevel perspective...
  65. ncbi request reprint Randomized controlled trial of zinc supplementation for persistent diarrhea in adults with HIV-1 infection
    Cesar Carcamo
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98104, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 43:197-201. 2006
    ..In children, zinc supplementation reduces the incidence and severity of diarrhea...
  66. ncbi request reprint The etiology and management of genital ulcers in the Dominican Republic and Peru
    Jorge Sanchez
    Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia School of Public Health and Administration, Lima, Peru
    Sex Transm Dis 29:559-67. 2002
    ..However, because risk factors, patterns and causes of disease, and antimicrobial susceptibilities differ from region to region and over time, they must be adapted to local situations...
  67. ncbi request reprint Epidemic crack cocaine use linked with epidemics of genital ulcer disease and heterosexual HIV infection in the Bahamas: evidence of impact of prevention and control measures
    M Perry Gomez
    National AIDS Program, The Princess Margaret Hospital, and the Comprehensive Dermatovenereology Clinic, Nassau, The Bahamas
    Sex Transm Dis 29:259-64. 2002
    ..Numbers of new clients receiving ambulatory treatment for cocaine use in Nassau peaked in 1984...
  68. ncbi request reprint Association between Mycoplasma genitalium and acute endometritis
    Craig R Cohen
    Lancet 359:765-6. 2002
    ..02). Our results suggest that infection with M genitalium is strongly associated with acute endometritis in this population...
  69. doi request reprint Sexual identity and risk of HIV/STI among men who have sex with men in Nairobi
    Anjali Sharma
    Centre for Microbiology Research, Kenya Medical Research Institute, Nairobi, Kenya
    Sex Transm Dis 35:352-4. 2008
  70. ncbi request reprint "It takes a village": understanding concurrent sexual partnerships in Seattle, Washington
    Pamina M Gorbach
    University of California, Los Angeles, California 900095 1772, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 29:453-62. 2002
    ..Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are efficiently spread via concurrent partnerships...
  71. ncbi request reprint Sentinel surveillance of sexually transmitted infections/HIV and risk behaviors in vulnerable populations in 5 Central American countries
    Ramon J Soto
    World Vision International, Regional Office for Latin America and the Carribean, San Jose, Costa Rica
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 46:101-11. 2007
    ..0, 95% confidence interval: 2.9 to 7.9). For these vulnerable populations, prevention must incorporate acceptable and effective sexual health services, including improved condom access and promotion...
  72. pmc Sexually transmitted diseases in the USA: temporal trends
    Sevgi O Aral
    Division of Sexually Transmitted Disease, National Centers for HIV, STD and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Sex Transm Infect 83:257-66. 2007
    ..This paper reviews the temporal trends in sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) and discusses the factors affecting the epidemiology of bacterial STDs...
  73. ncbi request reprint Discord, discordance, and concurrency: comparing individual and partnership-level analyses of new partnerships of young adults at risk of sexually transmitted infections
    Pamina M Gorbach
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Box 951772, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 900095 1772, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 32:7-12. 2005
    ..Partnerships that are discordant by demographic and behavioral characteristics or are concurrent may facilitate transmission of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) by bridging sexual networks...
  74. ncbi request reprint Advances in multilevel approaches to understanding the epidemiology and prevention of sexually transmitted infections and HIV: an overview
    Sevgi O Aral
    Division of STD Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    J Infect Dis 191:S1-6. 2005
  75. pmc Transmission of STIs/HIV at the partnership level: beyond individual-level analyses
    Pamina M Gorbach
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of California, Los Angeles 90095 1772, USA
    J Urban Health 80:iii15-25. 2003
    ....
  76. ncbi request reprint Azithromycin versus penicillin G benzathine for early syphilis
    King K Holmes
    N Engl J Med 353:1291-3. 2005
  77. ncbi request reprint Temporal trends in sexual behaviors and sexually transmitted disease history among 18- to 39-year-old Seattle, Washington, residents: results of random digit-dial surveys
    Sevgi O Aral
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 32:710-7. 2005
    ..The objectives of this study were to describe sexual behaviors of Seattle residents in 2003-2004 and report changes since 1995...
  78. ncbi request reprint Bacterial vaginosis: risk factors among Kenyan women and their male partners
    Elizabeth A Bukusi
    Kenya Medical Research Institute, Center for Microbiology Research, Nairobi, Kenya
    Sex Transm Dis 33:361-7. 2006
    ..To simultaneously examine associations of bacterial vaginosis (BV) with potential risk factors in both the female and her male partner...
  79. ncbi request reprint The cost-effectiveness of syndromic management in pharmacies in Lima, Peru
    Elisabeth J Adams
    Modelling and Economics Unit, Health Protection Agency, Communicable Disease Surveillance Center, 61 Colindale Avenue, London NW9 5EQ, United Kingdom
    Sex Transm Dis 30:379-87. 2003
    ..Many people with sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) in Lima, Peru, seek treatment in pharmacies...
  80. pmc High endemicity of human T-cell lymphotropic virus type 1 among pregnant women in peru
    Jorge O Alarcon
    Facultad de Medicina Instituto de Medicina Tropical, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, Lima, Peru
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 42:604-9. 2006
    ..In addition to screening of the blood supply, instituted in 1997, programs designed to reduce neonatal and sexual transmission should be effective...
  81. ncbi request reprint Measures of sexual partnerships: lengths, gaps, overlaps, and sexually transmitted infection
    Betsy Foxman
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Michigan School of Public Health, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 2029, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 33:209-14. 2006
    ..We describe the distributions of gaps, lengths, and overlaps among participants in a random-digit dialing survey conducted among 1194 Seattle residents during 2003-2004...
  82. ncbi request reprint Safety, acceptability, and tolerability of 3 topical microbicides among heterosexual Kenyan men
    Elizabeth A Bukusi
    Kenya Medical Research Institute, Nairobi, Kenya
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 44:423-8. 2007
    ..To compare the acceptability, tolerability, and safety of 3 topical microbicide formulations (62% ethyl alcohol in emollient gel and 0.1% and 0.4% benzalkonium chloride on a sanitary wipe) for use on male genitalia...
  83. ncbi request reprint Determinants and prevalence of HIV infection in pregnant Peruvian women
    Jorge O Alarcon
    Tropical Medicine Institute of Universidad Nacional Mayor De San Marcos, Lima, Peru
    AIDS 17:613-8. 2003
    ..To determine age-specific seroprevalence, risk factors, and risk markers for heterosexually-acquired HIV infection among pregnant women...
  84. ncbi request reprint Intravaginal metronidazole gel versus metronidazole plus nystatin ovules for bacterial vaginosis: a randomized controlled trial
    Sixto Sanchez
    Hospital Dos de Mayo, Lima, Peru
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 191:1898-906. 2004
    ..We compared metronidazole 0.75% gel (containing 37.5 mg metronidazole per dose) with ovules containing metronidazole 500 mg and nystatin 100,000 U, for intravaginal treatment of bacterial vaginosis (BV)...

Research Grants8

  1. HETEROSEXUAL TRANSMISSION OF HHV 8 IN KENYA
    King Holmes; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..A better understanding of heterosexual transmission of HHV-8 is essential for the development of interventions strategies to prevent HHV-8 infection and associated malignancy. ..
  2. UNIVERSITY OF WASHINGTON CENTER FOR AIDS RESEARCH
    King Holmes; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....
  3. STD/AIDS RESEARCH TRAINING GRANT
    King Holmes; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The UW Center for AIDS and STD administers this training grant. King Holmes directs the training program, with co-directors Larry Corey, Sheila Lukehart, and Walter Stamm...