T P Hofer

Summary

Affiliation: University of Michigan
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc Physician assessments of medication adherence and decisions to intensify medications for patients with uncontrolled blood pressure: still no better than a coin toss
    Jennifer Meddings
    Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA
    BMC Health Serv Res 12:270. 2012
  2. pmc Study protocol: the Adherence and Intensification of Medications (AIM) study--a cluster randomized controlled effectiveness study
    Michele Heisler
    Veterans Affairs Center for Clinical Management Research, VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System 2215 Fuller Road, Ann Arbor, MI 48105, USA
    Trials 11:95. 2010
  3. pmc Multivariable risk prediction can greatly enhance the statistical power of clinical trial subgroup analysis
    Rodney A Hayward
    Department of Veterans Affairs, VA Center for Practice Management and Outcomes Research, VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
    BMC Med Res Methodol 6:18. 2006
  4. pmc What effect does physician "profiling" have on inpatient physician satisfaction and hospital length of stay?
    Judith K Zemencuk
    Health Services Research and Development Field Program, Ann Arbor VA Center for Practice Management and Outcomes Research, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
    BMC Health Serv Res 6:45. 2006
  5. pmc Profiling quality of care: Is there a role for peer review?
    Timothy P Hofer
    Veterans Affairs Health Services Research and Development Center of Excellence, Veterans Affairs Ann Arbor Healthcare System, Michigan, USA
    BMC Health Serv Res 4:9. 2004
  6. pmc When there is too much to do: how practicing physicians prioritize among recommended interventions
    Timothy P Hofer
    Veterans Affairs Health Services Research and Development Center of Excellence, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 19:646-53. 2004
  7. ncbi request reprint Are bad outcomes from questionable clinical decisions preventable medical errors? A case of cascade iatrogenesis
    Timothy P Hofer
    VA Center for Practice Management and Outcomes Research and the Quality Enhancement Research Initiative QUERI, VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
    Ann Intern Med 137:327-33. 2002
  8. ncbi request reprint Validating quality indicators for hospital care
    T P Hofer
    Veterans Affairs Center for Practice Management and Outcomes Research, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
    Jt Comm J Qual Improv 23:455-67. 1997
  9. ncbi request reprint What is an error?
    T P Hofer
    Department of Veterans Affairs, VA Center for Practice Management and Outcomes Research, VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System, Ann Arbor, Mich, USA
    Eff Clin Pract 3:261-9. 2000
  10. pmc The value of monitoring outcomes should be measured by the appropriateness of the response
    Timothy P Hofer
    VA Health Services Research and Development Center of Excellence, and Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
    Crit Care 10:133. 2006

Detail Information

Publications62

  1. pmc Physician assessments of medication adherence and decisions to intensify medications for patients with uncontrolled blood pressure: still no better than a coin toss
    Jennifer Meddings
    Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA
    BMC Health Serv Res 12:270. 2012
    ....
  2. pmc Study protocol: the Adherence and Intensification of Medications (AIM) study--a cluster randomized controlled effectiveness study
    Michele Heisler
    Veterans Affairs Center for Clinical Management Research, VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System 2215 Fuller Road, Ann Arbor, MI 48105, USA
    Trials 11:95. 2010
    ..Successful medication management requires an effective partnership between providers who initiate and increase doses of effective medications and patients who adhere to the regimen...
  3. pmc Multivariable risk prediction can greatly enhance the statistical power of clinical trial subgroup analysis
    Rodney A Hayward
    Department of Veterans Affairs, VA Center for Practice Management and Outcomes Research, VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
    BMC Med Res Methodol 6:18. 2006
    ..conventional subgroup analysis...
  4. pmc What effect does physician "profiling" have on inpatient physician satisfaction and hospital length of stay?
    Judith K Zemencuk
    Health Services Research and Development Field Program, Ann Arbor VA Center for Practice Management and Outcomes Research, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
    BMC Health Serv Res 6:45. 2006
    ..We evaluated whether physician profiling affects physician satisfaction and hospital length of stay, and assessed physicians' views concerning hospital cost containment and the quality of care they provide...
  5. pmc Profiling quality of care: Is there a role for peer review?
    Timothy P Hofer
    Veterans Affairs Health Services Research and Development Center of Excellence, Veterans Affairs Ann Arbor Healthcare System, Michigan, USA
    BMC Health Serv Res 4:9. 2004
    ....
  6. pmc When there is too much to do: how practicing physicians prioritize among recommended interventions
    Timothy P Hofer
    Veterans Affairs Health Services Research and Development Center of Excellence, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 19:646-53. 2004
    ..It is important to understand physician priorities among recommended interventions and how these priorities are influenced both intentionally as well as unintentionally...
  7. ncbi request reprint Are bad outcomes from questionable clinical decisions preventable medical errors? A case of cascade iatrogenesis
    Timothy P Hofer
    VA Center for Practice Management and Outcomes Research and the Quality Enhancement Research Initiative QUERI, VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
    Ann Intern Med 137:327-33. 2002
    ....
  8. ncbi request reprint Validating quality indicators for hospital care
    T P Hofer
    Veterans Affairs Center for Practice Management and Outcomes Research, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
    Jt Comm J Qual Improv 23:455-67. 1997
    ....
  9. ncbi request reprint What is an error?
    T P Hofer
    Department of Veterans Affairs, VA Center for Practice Management and Outcomes Research, VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System, Ann Arbor, Mich, USA
    Eff Clin Pract 3:261-9. 2000
    ..Launched by the Institute of Medicine's report, "To Err is Human," the reduction of medical errors has become a top agenda item for virtually every part of the U.S. health care system...
  10. pmc The value of monitoring outcomes should be measured by the appropriateness of the response
    Timothy P Hofer
    VA Health Services Research and Development Center of Excellence, and Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
    Crit Care 10:133. 2006
    ..The next step should be to try to demonstrate that the reports of such monitoring systems lead to reasonable responses and valid inferences about causality, and that we are not chasing red herrings...
  11. pmc Use of community versus individual socioeconomic data in predicting variation in hospital use
    T P Hofer
    VA Center for Practice Management and Outcomes Research, Ann Arbor VA HSR and D Field Program, Ann Arbor, MI 48103, USA
    Health Serv Res 33:243-59. 1998
    ..2) Thus, to support the inference that socioeconomic factors are important in the analysis of small area utilization data and address potential criticisms of this conclusion...
  12. ncbi request reprint Discussion between reviewers does not improve reliability of peer review of hospital quality
    T P Hofer
    Veterans Affairs Center for Practice Management and Outcomes Research, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48113, USA
    Med Care 38:152-61. 2000
    ..The authors assessed the impact of discussion between 2 reviewers on the reliability of peer review...
  13. ncbi request reprint The unreliability of individual physician "report cards" for assessing the costs and quality of care of a chronic disease
    T P Hofer
    Veterans Affairs Center for Practice Management and Outcomes Research, and Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor 48113, USA
    JAMA 281:2098-105. 1999
    ..Physician profiling is widely used by many health care systems, but little is known about the reliability of commonly used profiling systems...
  14. ncbi request reprint Avoiding pitfalls in chronic disease quality measurement: a case for the next generation of technical quality measures
    E A Kerr
    Veterans Affairs Center for Practice Management and Outcomes Research, Veterans Affairs Ann Arbor Healthcare System, MI 48113 0170, USA
    Am J Manag Care 7:1033-43. 2001
    ..We believe that using more tightly linked measures in quality assessment will identify important quality of care problems and is more likely to produce improved outcomes for those with chronic diseases...
  15. ncbi request reprint Cost-utility analysis of screening intervals for diabetic retinopathy in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus
    S Vijan
    Veterans Affairs Health Services Research and Development Quality Enhancement Research Initiative and the Michigan Diabetes Research and Training Center, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor 48113 0170, USA
    JAMA 283:889-96. 2000
    ..However, the benefit of annual vs less frequent screening intervals has not been well evaluated, especially for low-risk patients...
  16. ncbi request reprint Are physicians aware of which of their patients have indwelling urinary catheters?
    S Saint
    Department of Internal Medicine SS, MLB, UDP, SJB, TPH, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
    Am J Med 109:476-80. 2000
    ....
  17. ncbi request reprint Accuracy of risk-adjusted mortality rate as a measure of hospital quality of care
    J W Thomas
    Department of Health Management and Policy, School of Public Health, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor 48109, USA
    Med Care 37:83-92. 1999
    ..Risk-adjusted mortality rate is the most commonly used measure of quality in these reports. The purpose of this study was to determine whether risk-adjusted mortality rates are valid indicators of hospital quality performance...
  18. ncbi request reprint Who bounces back? Physiologic and other predictors of intensive care unit readmission
    A L Rosenberg
    Robert Wood Johnson Clinical Scholars Program, the Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, The University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
    Crit Care Med 29:511-8. 2001
    ..To determine the influence of changes in acute physiology scores (APS) and other patient characteristics on predicting intensive care unit (ICU) readmission...
  19. pmc Breast cancer screening in the United States and Canada, 1994: socioeconomic gradients persist
    S J Katz
    Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor 48109 0376, USA
    Am J Public Health 90:799-803. 2000
    ..This study compared rates of annual mammography screening across socioeconomic status between the United States and Canada in 1994...
  20. ncbi request reprint Projections of demand and capacity for colonoscopy related to increasing rates of colorectal cancer screening in the United States
    S Vijan
    Veterans Affairs Health Services Research and Development HSR and D, Ann Arbor, MI 48105, USA
    Aliment Pharmacol Ther 20:507-15. 2004
    ..There is debate about the optimal colorectal cancer screening test, partly because of concerns about colonoscopy demand...
  21. ncbi request reprint Physician-level P4P--DOA? Can quality-based payment be resuscitated?
    Laurence F McMahon
    Division of General Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
    Am J Manag Care 13:233-6. 2007
    ..It is likely that the widespread adoption of P4P systems will further limit these necessary resources...
  22. ncbi request reprint Use of central venous catheter-related bloodstream infection prevention practices by US hospitals
    Sarah L Krein
    Center for Practice Management and Outcomes Research, Veterans Affairs Ann Arbor Healthcare System, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
    Mayo Clin Proc 82:672-8. 2007
    ..To examine the extent to which US acute care hospitals have adopted recommended practices to prevent central venous catheter-related bloodstream infections (CR-BSIs)...
  23. ncbi request reprint Narrative review: lack of evidence for recommended low-density lipoprotein treatment targets: a solvable problem
    Rodney A Hayward
    Department of Veterans Affairs, VA Center for Practice Management and Outcomes Research, VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System, and University of Michigan Schools of Medicine and Public Health, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48113 0170, USA
    Ann Intern Med 145:520-30. 2006
    ....
  24. ncbi request reprint Translating infection prevention evidence into practice using quantitative and qualitative research
    Sarah L Krein
    Veteran s Affairs Ann Arbor Healthcare System, Center for Practice Management and Outcomes Research, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, MI 48113 0170, USA
    Am J Infect Control 34:507-12. 2006
    ..In addition, we hope that this article will stimulate increased interest and research in identifying strategies that will successfully move evidence from the peer-reviewed literature to the patient's bedside...
  25. ncbi request reprint Patterns and correlates of patient referral to surgeons for treatment of breast cancer
    Steven J Katz
    Division of General Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 0429, USA
    J Clin Oncol 25:271-6. 2007
    ..Characteristics of surgeons and their hospitals have been associated with cancer treatments and outcomes. However, little is known about factors that are associated with referral pathways...
  26. ncbi request reprint Area socioeconomic status and mortality after coronary artery bypass graft surgery: the role of hospital volume
    Catherine Kim
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
    Am Heart J 154:385-90. 2007
    ..Individuals of low socioeconomic status (SES) have reduced access to coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG). It is unknown if low-SES CABG patients have reduced access to hospitals with better outcomes...
  27. doi request reprint The influence of organizational context on quality improvement and patient safety efforts in infection prevention: a multi-center qualitative study
    Sarah L Krein
    VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System, HSR and D 11H, 2215 Fuller Road, Ann Arbor, MI 48105, United States
    Soc Sci Med 71:1692-701. 2010
    ..Moreover, our findings provide important insights about how and why different quality improvement strategies might perform across organizations with differing contextual characteristics...
  28. pmc Does it matter where you go for breast surgery?: attending surgeon's influence on variation in receipt of mastectomy for breast cancer
    Steven J Katz
    Division of General Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
    Med Care 48:892-9. 2010
    ..Concerns about the use of mastectomy and breast reconstruction for breast cancer have motivated interest in surgeon's influence on the variation in receipt of these procedures...
  29. pmc Patient-provider concordance in the prioritization of health conditions among hypertensive diabetes patients
    Donna M Zulman
    Department of Veterans Affairs, Health Services Research and Development Center of Excellence, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 25:408-14. 2010
    ..Many patients with diabetes have multiple other chronic conditions, but little is known about whether these patients and their primary care providers agree on the relative importance that they assign these comorbidities...
  30. pmc Coordinating cancer care: patient and practice management processes among surgeons who treat breast cancer
    Steven J Katz
    Department of Internal Medicine and Health Management Policy, University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
    Med Care 48:45-51. 2010
    ..These initiatives parallel those underway to integrate the management of patients with chronic conditions...
  31. pmc More than a pain in the neck: how discussing chronic pain affects hypertension medication intensification
    Sarah L Krein
    Department of Veterans Affairs Health Services Research and Development Center of Excellence, VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 24:911-6. 2009
    ..A difficult to manage comorbid condition, like chronic pain, could adversely affect the delivery of recommended care for other serious health problems, such as hypertension...
  32. doi request reprint When more is not better: treatment intensification among hypertensive patients with poor medication adherence
    Michele Heisler
    Veterans Affairs Center for Practice Management and Outcomes Research, VA Ann Arbor Health System, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
    Circulation 117:2884-92. 2008
    ..We examined the prevalence of and relationship between patient adherence and provider treatment intensification...
  33. ncbi request reprint The role of clinical uncertainty in treatment decisions for diabetic patients with uncontrolled blood pressure
    Eve A Kerr
    Center for Clinical Management Research, Veterans Affairs Ann Arbor Healthcare System and the University of Michigan Department of Internal Medicine, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48113 0170, USA
    Ann Intern Med 148:717-27. 2008
    ..Factors underlying failure to intensify therapy in response to elevated blood pressure have not been systematically studied...
  34. doi request reprint A multicenter qualitative study on preventing hospital-acquired urinary tract infection in US hospitals
    Sanjay Saint
    Veterans Affairs Ann Arbor Healthcare System, the Veterans Affairs Medical Center University of Michigan Patient Safety Enhancement Program Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 29:333-41. 2008
    ..We thus conducted a multicenter study to understand better how US hospitals approach the prevention of hospital-acquired UTI...
  35. doi request reprint Preventing hospital-acquired urinary tract infection in the United States: a national study
    Sanjay Saint
    Veterans Affairs Ann Arbor Healthcare System, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 46:243-50. 2008
    ..We conducted a national study to examine the current practices used by hospitals to prevent hospital-acquired UTI...
  36. ncbi request reprint Estimated cost-effectiveness of growth hormone therapy for idiopathic short stature
    Joyce M Lee
    Division of Pediatric Endocrinology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor 48109 0456, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 160:263-9. 2006
    ..To estimate the cost-effectiveness of growth hormone (GH) therapy for idiopathic short stature (ISS)...
  37. ncbi request reprint Reporting clinical trial results to inform providers, payers, and consumers
    Rodney A Hayward
    Department of Veterans Affairs VA Center for Practice Management and Outcomes Research, VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System, University of Michigan, USA
    Health Aff (Millwood) 24:1571-81. 2005
    ....
  38. ncbi request reprint Use of critical pathways to improve efficiency: a cautionary tale
    Sanjay Saint
    Ann Arbor VA Health Services Research and Development Field Program, Ann Arbor, Mich, USA
    Am J Manag Care 9:758-65. 2003
    ..More than 80% of hospitals in the United States use critical pathways for at least some of their patients. Unfortunately, critical pathway effectiveness in improving clinical efficiency is unclear...
  39. ncbi request reprint Barriers to constraining health care cost growth
    Michael E Chernew
    Department of Health Management and Policy, University of Michigan School of Public Health, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
    Health Aff (Millwood) 23:122-8. 2004
    ..The policy focus should be directed toward encouraging value...
  40. pmc Review of evidence and explanations for suboptimal screening and treatment of dyslipidemia in women. A conceptual model
    Catherine Kim
    Division of General Internal Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 18:854-63. 2003
    ....
  41. ncbi request reprint Building a better quality measure: are some patients with 'poor quality' actually getting good care?
    Eve A Kerr
    VA Center for Practice Management and Outcomes Research, VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48113, USA
    Med Care 41:1173-82. 2003
    ....
  42. ncbi request reprint Is acetylcysteine effective in preventing contrast-related nephropathy? A meta-analysis
    Brahmajee K Nallamothu
    Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 0311, USA
    Am J Med 117:938-47. 2004
    ..Although previous meta-analyses have concluded that acetylcysteine is beneficial, the recent availability of additional trials calls for reassessment of current evidence...
  43. ncbi request reprint Accepting critically ill transfer patients: adverse effect on a referral center's outcome and benchmark measures
    Andrew L Rosenberg
    University of Michigan and the Department of Veterans Affairs Health Services Research and Development Service, Veterans Affairs Ann Arbor Healthcare System, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 0048, USA
    Ann Intern Med 138:882-90. 2003
    ..With the most sophisticated and validated set of case-mix measures available for patients, the intensive care unit is an ideal setting in which to study the effect of a patient's being transferred from another hospital...
  44. ncbi request reprint Impact of patient risk on the hospital volume-outcome relationship in coronary artery bypass grafting
    Brahmajee K Nallamothu
    Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, 48109 0366, USA
    Arch Intern Med 165:333-7. 2005
    ..We assessed (1) whether in-hospital mortality rates differ across lower- and higher-volume hospitals by expected surgical risk and (2) whether high-risk patients are more likely to undergo CABG at low-volume centers...
  45. ncbi request reprint Comparing clinical automated, medical record, and hybrid data sources for diabetes quality measures
    Eve A Kerr
    VA Center for Practice Management and Outcomes Research, VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
    Jt Comm J Qual Improv 28:555-65. 2002
    ..The agreement between diabetes quality measures constructed from clinical automated versus medical record data sources was compared, and the performance of hybrid measures derived from a combination of the two data sources was examined...
  46. pmc Brief report: the burden of diabetes therapy: implications for the design of effective patient-centered treatment regimens
    Sandeep Vijan
    Veterans Affairs Center for Practice Management and Outcomes Research, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 20:479-82. 2005
    ..Management of diabetes, and in particular blood glucose, can be complex and burdensome...
  47. pmc Sins of omission: getting too little medical care may be the greatest threat to patient safety
    Rodney A Hayward
    Veterans Affairs Health Services Research and Development Center of Excellence, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 20:686-91. 2005
    ..Little is known about the relative incidence of serious errors of omission versus errors of commission...
  48. pmc When do patients and their physicians agree on diabetes treatment goals and strategies, and what difference does it make?
    Michele Heisler
    Veterans Affairs Center for Practice Management and Outcomes Research, VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System, Ann Arbor, MI 48113 0170, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 18:893-902. 2003
    ..However, this hypothesis has not been tested in actual encounters of patients with their own physicians...
  49. ncbi request reprint Which colon cancer screening test? A comparison of costs, effectiveness, and compliance
    S Vijan
    The Veterans Affairs Center for Practice Management and Outcomes Research, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48113 0170, USA
    Am J Med 111:593-601. 2001
    ..We sought to determine the cost effectiveness of different screening strategies for colorectal cancer at levels of compliance likely to be achieved in clinical practice...
  50. pmc Quality by any other name?: a comparison of three profiling systems for assessing health care quality
    Eve A Kerr
    Center for Practice Management and Outcomes Research, Veterans Affairs Ann Arbor Healthcare System, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
    Health Serv Res 42:2070-87. 2007
    ..To examine this question, we used three different measurement approaches to assess quality of care delivered in veteran affairs (VA) facilities...
  51. ncbi request reprint Quality improvement initiatives: issues in moving from diabetes guidelines to policy
    Rodney A Hayward
    VA Center for Practice Management and Outcomes Research, VA Ann Arbor Health Care System, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
    Diabetes Care 27:B54-60. 2004
    ..To outline the principles that direct the Veterans Affairs (VA) Quality Enhancement Research Initiative (QUERI) dedicated to diabetes quality improvement (QUERI-DM)...
  52. ncbi request reprint The role of hospital volume in coronary artery bypass grafting: is more always better?
    B K Nallamothu
    Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 0366, USA
    J Am Coll Cardiol 38:1923-30. 2001
    ..The goal of this study was to determine whether outcomes of nonemergent coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) differed between low- and high-volume hospitals in patients at different levels of surgical risk...
  53. ncbi request reprint Barriers to following dietary recommendations in Type 2 diabetes
    S Vijan
    Veterans Affairs Center for Practice Management and Outcomes Research, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
    Diabet Med 22:32-8. 2005
    ..To evaluate barriers to following dietary recommendations in patients with Type 2 diabetes...
  54. pmc Overestimating outcome rates: statistical estimation when reliability is suboptimal
    Rodney A Hayward
    Department of Veterans Affairs, VA Center for Practice Management and Outcomes Research, VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System, Ann Arbor, MI 48113 0170, USA
    Health Serv Res 42:1718-38. 2007
    ..To demonstrate how failure to account for measurement error in an outcome (dependent) variable can lead to significant estimation errors and to illustrate ways to recognize and avoid these errors...
  55. ncbi request reprint Adult fat intake associated with the presence of children in households: findings from NHANES III
    Helena H Laroche
    Division of General Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA, USA
    J Am Board Fam Med 20:9-15. 2007
    ..Increasing prevalence of obesity and lifestyle related chronic disease is fundamentally tied to Americans' poor eating habits. Family environment, including the presence of children, may affect adults' diet behavior...
  56. ncbi request reprint Automated intensive care unit risk adjustment: results from a National Veterans Affairs study
    Marta L Render
    Veterans Affairs Medical Center Cincinnati, 3200 Vine Street 111F, Cincinnati, OH 45220 2288, USA
    Crit Care Med 31:1638-46. 2003
    ..Comparison of outcome among intensive care units (ICUs) requires risk adjustment for differences in severity of illness and risk of death at admission to the ICU, historically obtained by costly chart review and manual data entry...
  57. ncbi request reprint Intensive glucose control in elderly adults
    Rodney A Hayward
    JAMA 297:2195; author reply 2196. 2007
  58. pmc Whom should we profile? Examining diabetes care practice variation among primary care providers, provider groups, and health care facilities
    Sarah L Krein
    Ann Arbor VA HSR and D, MI 48113, USA
    Health Serv Res 37:1159-80. 2002
    ..To evaluate the amount of variation in diabetes practice patterns at the primary care provider (PCP), provider group, and facility level, and to examine the reliability of diabetes care profiles constructed using electronic databases...
  59. ncbi request reprint Variation in outcomes in Veterans Affairs intensive care units with a computerized severity measure
    Marta L Render
    VAMC Cincinnati, Ohio 45220, USA
    Crit Care Med 33:930-9. 2005
    ..To quantify the variability in risk-adjusted mortality and length of stay of Veterans Affairs intensive care units using a computer-based severity of illness measure...
  60. doi request reprint Veterans Affairs intensive care unit risk adjustment model: validation, updating, recalibration
    Marta L Render
    Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH, USA
    Crit Care Med 36:1031-42. 2008
    ..A valid metric is critical to measure and report intensive care unit (ICU) outcomes and drive innovation in a national system...
  61. ncbi request reprint Does full disclosure of medical errors affect malpractice liability? The jury is still out
    Allen Kachalia
    Brigham and Women s Faulkner Hospitalist Program, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Boston, USA
    Jt Comm J Qual Saf 29:503-11. 2003
    ..A comprehensive literature search was conducted to determine what is known about the impact of full disclosure on malpractice liability...
  62. ncbi request reprint Adverse events following discharge from the hospital
    Rodney A Hayward
    Ann Intern Med 140:232; author reply 232-3. 2004