James Hill

Summary

Affiliation: University of Colorado Health Sciences Center
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Environmental contributions to the obesity epidemic
    J O Hill
    Colorado Clinical Nutrition Research Unit, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver, CO 80262, USA
    Science 280:1371-4. 1998
  2. ncbi request reprint Physical activity and obesity
    James Hill
    Center for Human Nutrition, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver, CO 80262, USA
    Lancet 363:182. 2004
  3. ncbi request reprint The role of public policy in treating the epidemic of global obesity
    J O Hill
    Department of Pediatrics, Center for Human Nutrition, University of Colorado at Denver and Health Sciences, Denver, Colorado, USA
    Clin Pharmacol Ther 81:772-5. 2007
  4. ncbi request reprint Economic analysis of eating and physical activity: a next step for research and policy change
    James O Hill
    Center for Nutrition Research, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver, Colorado 80262, USA
    Am J Prev Med 27:111-6. 2004
  5. ncbi request reprint Preventing excessive weight gain
    James O Hill
    University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Center for Human Nutrition, Denver, CO 80262, USA
    Obes Res 13:1302. 2005
  6. doi request reprint International strategies to address obesity
    J O Hill
    Center for Human Nutrition, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Denver, CO 80262, USA
    Obes Rev 9:41-7. 2008
  7. ncbi request reprint Weight maintenance: what's missing?
    James O Hill
    Center for Human Nutrition, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center for Human Nutrition, Denver 80262, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 105:S63-6. 2005
  8. ncbi request reprint The National Weight Control Registry: is it useful in helping deal with our obesity epidemic?
    James O Hill
    Center for Human Nutrition, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver 80262, USA
    J Nutr Educ Behav 37:206-10. 2005
  9. ncbi request reprint Obesity and the environment: where do we go from here?
    James O Hill
    Center for Human Nutrition, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver, CO 80262, USA
    Science 299:853-5. 2003
  10. ncbi request reprint Biomarkers and functional foods for obesity and diabetes
    James O Hill
    Center for Human Nutrition, University of Colorado, Health Sciences Center, Box C225, 4200 East Ninth Avenue, Denver 80262, USA
    Br J Nutr 88:S213-8. 2002

Detail Information

Publications86

  1. ncbi request reprint Environmental contributions to the obesity epidemic
    J O Hill
    Colorado Clinical Nutrition Research Unit, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver, CO 80262, USA
    Science 280:1371-4. 1998
    ..Because obesity is difficult to treat, public health efforts need to be directed toward prevention...
  2. ncbi request reprint Physical activity and obesity
    James Hill
    Center for Human Nutrition, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver, CO 80262, USA
    Lancet 363:182. 2004
  3. ncbi request reprint The role of public policy in treating the epidemic of global obesity
    J O Hill
    Department of Pediatrics, Center for Human Nutrition, University of Colorado at Denver and Health Sciences, Denver, Colorado, USA
    Clin Pharmacol Ther 81:772-5. 2007
    ..Unfortunately, there is little information to adequately evaluate the many policies that have been suggested. The intent of this review is to discuss the potential use of policy to stem the global epidemic of obesity...
  4. ncbi request reprint Economic analysis of eating and physical activity: a next step for research and policy change
    James O Hill
    Center for Nutrition Research, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver, Colorado 80262, USA
    Am J Prev Med 27:111-6. 2004
    ..This article describes the challenges the groups faced in their work, the way in which the public health and economic approaches were integrated, and the questions left unanswered...
  5. ncbi request reprint Preventing excessive weight gain
    James O Hill
    University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Center for Human Nutrition, Denver, CO 80262, USA
    Obes Res 13:1302. 2005
  6. doi request reprint International strategies to address obesity
    J O Hill
    Center for Human Nutrition, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Denver, CO 80262, USA
    Obes Rev 9:41-7. 2008
    ..America On the Move is an initiative based on promoting small lifestyle changes to prevent weight gain in the US population. This is one strategy could be used in other countries to reduce obesity rates...
  7. ncbi request reprint Weight maintenance: what's missing?
    James O Hill
    Center for Human Nutrition, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center for Human Nutrition, Denver 80262, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 105:S63-6. 2005
    ..Many programs have been shown to produce weight loss but few, if any, have been successful in maintenance of weight loss. Our challenge is in understanding how to help people keep off the weight they can lose in several ways...
  8. ncbi request reprint The National Weight Control Registry: is it useful in helping deal with our obesity epidemic?
    James O Hill
    Center for Human Nutrition, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver 80262, USA
    J Nutr Educ Behav 37:206-10. 2005
    ..The value of this project lies in identifying potential strategies that may help others be more successful in keeping weight off...
  9. ncbi request reprint Obesity and the environment: where do we go from here?
    James O Hill
    Center for Human Nutrition, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver, CO 80262, USA
    Science 299:853-5. 2003
    ..Having a specific behavioral target for the prevention of weight gain may be key to arresting the obesity epidemic...
  10. ncbi request reprint Biomarkers and functional foods for obesity and diabetes
    James O Hill
    Center for Human Nutrition, University of Colorado, Health Sciences Center, Box C225, 4200 East Ninth Avenue, Denver 80262, USA
    Br J Nutr 88:S213-8. 2002
    ..The present paper reviews the complex aetiology of obesity and diabetes and considers a potential role for functional foods in prevention and treatment of obesity and diabetes...
  11. ncbi request reprint Outpatient management of obesity: a primary care perspective
    James O Hill
    Center for Human Nutrition, University of Colorado, Denver 80262, USA
    Obes Res 10:124S-130S. 2002
    ....
  12. ncbi request reprint Effects of 14 d of covert substitution of olestra for conventional fat on spontaneous food intake
    J O Hill
    Center for Human Nutrition, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver 80262, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 67:1178-85. 1998
    ..The results did not differ as a function of BMI (lean compared with obese) or sex. Over a 2-wk period, covert substitution of olestra for conventional fat led to reductions in dietary fat intake and total energy intake in all subjects...
  13. ncbi request reprint Racial differences in amounts of visceral adipose tissue in young adults: the CARDIA (Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults) study
    J O Hill
    Center for Human Nutrition, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver 80262, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 69:381-7. 1999
    ..To date, anthropometric variables have been used largely in whites and inadequate data are available to evaluate the validity of these variables in other groups...
  14. ncbi request reprint Overview of the determinants of overweight and obesity: current evidence and research issues
    J O Hill
    Center for Human Nutrition, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver 80262, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 31:S515-21. 1999
    ..The prevalence of obesity has reached epidemic proportions in many countries around the world. However, the genetic and environmental factors contributing to obesity are incompletely understood...
  15. ncbi request reprint Understanding and addressing the epidemic of obesity: an energy balance perspective
    James O Hill
    Center for Human Nutrition, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Denver, Colorado 80262, USA
    Endocr Rev 27:750-61. 2006
    ..This is a very long-term strategy for first stopping and then reversing the escalating obesity rates, but one that can, over time, return obesity rates to pre-1980s levels...
  16. pmc When energy balance is maintained, exercise does not induce negative fat balance in lean sedentary, obese sedentary, or lean endurance-trained individuals
    Edward L Melanson
    Division of Endocrinology, Metabolism, and Diabetes, Center for Human Nutrition, University of Colorado Denver, School of Medicine, Denver, Colorado 80045, USA
    J Appl Physiol 107:1847-56. 2009
    ..e., energy balance is maintained), 24-h fat oxidation does not increase and in fact, may be slightly decreased. It appears that the state of energy balance is an underappreciated factor determining the impact of exercise on fat oxidation...
  17. ncbi request reprint Insulin sensitivity determines the effectiveness of dietary macronutrient composition on weight loss in obese women
    Marc Andre Cornier
    Department of Medicine, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver, CO, USA
    Obes Res 13:703-9. 2005
    ..To determine whether macronutrient composition of a hypocaloric diet can enhance its effectiveness and whether insulin sensitivity (Si) affects the response to hypocaloric diets...
  18. doi request reprint Can a small-changes approach help address the obesity epidemic? A report of the Joint Task Force of the American Society for Nutrition, Institute of Food Technologists, and International Food Information Council
    James O Hill
    Center for Human Nutrition, Denver, CO, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 89:477-84. 2009
    ..Such an initiative would benefit from the support of educational and social marketing campaigns developed with governmental input and support...
  19. pmc Regular exercise attenuates the metabolic drive to regain weight after long-term weight loss
    Paul S MacLean
    Center for Human Nutrition, Department of Medicine, Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Metabolism, University of Colorado Denver, Denver, Colorado, USA
    Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 297:R793-802. 2009
    ..These observations indicate that regimented exercise altered several metabolic adaptations to weight reduction in a manner that would coordinately attenuate the propensity to regain lost weight...
  20. ncbi request reprint Are health care professionals advising patients with diabetes or at risk for developing diabetes to exercise more?
    Elaine H Morrato
    University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, School of Pharmacy, 4200 East Ninth Avenue, C238, Denver, CO 80262, USA
    Diabetes Care 29:543-8. 2006
    ....
  21. ncbi request reprint Total energy expenditure and carbohydrate oxidation are increased in the human immunodeficiency virus lipodystrophy syndrome
    Lisa A Kosmiski
    Department of Medicine, Division of Endocrinology, Metabolism and Diabetes, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver, CO 80262, USA
    Metabolism 52:620-5. 2003
    ..The increase in TEE appears to be due to increases in REE. The pathogenesis of elevated EE in HIV lipodystrophy and other forms of lipodystrophy remains to be determined...
  22. ncbi request reprint Step-counter determined walking in youth in Colorado
    Nanette Stroebele
    University of Colorado in Denver and Health Sciences Center, Denver, CO, USA
    J Phys Act Health 4:315-24. 2007
    ..Results from a statewide telephone survey of walking showed that the average adult in Colorado takes 6804 steps/d, and that steps/d were negatively associated with body mass index. No similar data exist for children...
  23. pmc Lack of suppression of circulating free fatty acids and hypercholesterolemia during weight loss on a high-fat, low-carbohydrate diet
    Teri L Hernandez
    University of Colorado, Aurora, CO, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 91:578-85. 2010
    ..Little is known about the comparative effect of weight-loss diets on metabolic profiles during dieting...
  24. doi request reprint Dietary fat increases energy intake across the range of typical consumption in the United States
    William Donahoo
    Kaiser Permanente Colorado, Denver, Colorado, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 16:64-9. 2008
    ..This study was designed to measure accurately the voluntary food and energy intake over a range of typical intake for dietary fat...
  25. ncbi request reprint A family-based approach to preventing excessive weight gain
    Susan J Rodearmel
    University of Colorado School of Medicine, 4200 East Ninth Avenue, C263, Denver, CO 80262, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 14:1392-401. 2006
    ..We evaluated the ability of a family-based program aimed at increasing steps and cereal consumption (for breakfast and snacks) to reduce weight gain in children and adults...
  26. ncbi request reprint Small changes in dietary sugar and physical activity as an approach to preventing excessive weight gain: the America on the Move family study
    Susan J Rodearmel
    University of Colorado at Denver and Health Sciences Center, Center for Human Nutrition, Denver, CO 80262, USA
    Pediatrics 120:e869-79. 2007
    ..The intent of this study was to evaluate whether small changes in diet and physical activity, as promoted by the America on the Move initiative, could prevent excessive weight gain in overweight children...
  27. ncbi request reprint Obesity: overview of an epidemic
    James O Hill
    Department of Pediatrics and Medicine, Center for Human Nutrition, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, 4200 East 9th Avenue, Campus Box C263, Denver, CO 80262, USA
    Psychiatr Clin North Am 28:1-23, vii. 2005
  28. ncbi request reprint Role of physical activity in preventing and treating obesity
    James O Hill
    Division of Endocrinology, Metabolism, and Diabetes, Center for Human Nutrition, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, 4200 E 9th Avenue, Box C263, Denver, CO 80262, USA
    J Appl Physiol 99:765-70. 2005
    ..The increasing prevalence of obesity may reflect the fact that the majority of the population has fallen below such a level of physical activity...
  29. pmc Exercise improves fat metabolism in muscle but does not increase 24-h fat oxidation
    Edward L Melanson
    Division of Endocrinology, Metabolism, and Diabetes, University of Colorado Denver, School of Medicine, Denver, CO 80045, USA
    Exerc Sport Sci Rev 37:93-101. 2009
    ..Although exercise improves the capacity of muscle to oxidize fat, our studies suggest that moderate duration exercise (< or =1 h) has little impact on 24-h fat oxidation...
  30. ncbi request reprint Impact of cardiometabolic risk factor clusters on health-related quality of life in the U.S
    Patrick W Sullivan
    University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, School of Pharmacy, Pharmaceutical Outcomes Research Program, Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Denver, Colorado, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 15:511-21. 2007
    ....
  31. pmc A small-changes approach reduces energy intake in free-living humans
    Nanette Stroebele
    Denver and Health Sciences Center, University of Colorado, Denver, Colorado 80262, USA
    J Am Coll Nutr 28:63-8. 2009
    ..The study's intent was to determine the impact of these small changes recommendations on steps/day and energy intake...
  32. pmc Do calorie-controlled portion sizes of snacks reduce energy intake?
    Nanette Stroebele
    Center for Human Nutrition, University of Colorado Denver, Denver, CO 80262, United States
    Appetite 52:793-6. 2009
    ..Further, initial exposure to portion-controlled packages might have increased awareness of portion size such that less was consumed when larger packages were available...
  33. ncbi request reprint Twenty-four-hour metabolic responses to resistance exercise in women
    Edward L Melanson
    Center for Human Nutrition, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver, Colorado 80262, USA
    J Strength Cond Res 19:61-6. 2005
    ..Thus, in women, the increase in EE due to resistance exercise is largely seen during and immediately after the exercise. The increased energy demand is met by increased carbohydrate oxidation, with no increase in 24-hour fat oxidation...
  34. doi request reprint Physical activity patterns in the National Weight Control Registry
    Victoria A Catenacci
    Division of Endocrinology, Metabolism and Diabetes, Center for Human Nutrition, University of Colorado at Denver and Health Sciences Center, Denver, Colorado, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 16:153-61. 2008
    ....
  35. doi request reprint The medical cost of cardiometabolic risk factor clusters in the United States
    Patrick W Sullivan
    Pharmaceuticals Outcomes Research Program, University of Colorado at Denver Health Sciences Center, 4200 East Ninth Avenue, C238, Denver, CO 80262, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 15:3150-8. 2007
    ..The prevalence of these cardiometabolic risk factor clusters (CMRFCs) is increasing significantly for all sociodemographic groups, but little is known about their economic impact...
  36. ncbi request reprint Ingested fat oxidation contributes 8% of 24-h total energy expenditure in moderately obese subjects
    Bakary J Sonko
    University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver, CO 80262, USA
    J Nutr 135:2159-65. 2005
    ..This study extended to 24-h observations of previous studies that lasted 6-9 h on ingested fat oxidation in humans. Understanding the factors that promote ingested fat oxidation could lead to more effective obesity intervention programs...
  37. ncbi request reprint Peripheral metabolic responses to prolonged weight reduction that promote rapid, efficient regain in obesity-prone rats
    Paul S MacLean
    Center for Human Nutrition, Department of Medicine, University of Colorado at Denver and Health Sciences Center, PO Box 6511, F 8305, Aurora, CO 80045, USA
    Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 290:R1577-88. 2006
    ..These metabolic adjustments to weight reduction are discussed in the context of a homeostatic feedback system that controls body weight...
  38. doi request reprint Using telehealth to increase participation in weight maintenance programs
    Heather A Haugen
    Center for Human Nutrition, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver, Colorado, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 15:3067-77. 2007
    ..To compare weight regain, satisfaction, and convenience among three weight maintenance programs: telehealth, traditional classes, and no program...
  39. ncbi request reprint Carbohydrate balance predicts weight and fat gain in adults
    Robert H Eckel
    Division of Endocrinology, Metabolism, and Diabetes, University of Colorado at Denver and Health Sciences Center, PO Box 6511, MS 8106, Aurora, CO 80045, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 83:803-8. 2006
    ..The prevention and treatment of obesity is a public health challenge...
  40. ncbi request reprint Productivity costs associated with cardiometabolic risk factor clusters in the United States
    Patrick W Sullivan
    University of Colorado at Denver and Health Sciences Center, Pharmaceutical Outcomes Research Program, School of Pharmacy, 4200 East Ninth Avenue, C238, Denver, CO 80262, USA
    Value Health 10:443-50. 2007
    ..The purpose of this study was to examine and quantify the impact of cardiometabolic risk factor clusters independent of heart disease on productivity in a nationally representative sample of US adults...
  41. ncbi request reprint Obesity, inactivity, and the prevalence of diabetes and diabetes-related cardiovascular comorbidities in the U.S., 2000-2002
    Patrick W Sullivan
    Department of Clinical Pharmacy, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver, CO 80262, USA
    Diabetes Care 28:1599-603. 2005
    ..The objective of this research is to determine the relative associations of physical activity and BMI with the prevalence of diabetes and diabetes-related cardiovascular comorbidities in the U.S...
  42. ncbi request reprint Long-term weight loss and breakfast in subjects in the National Weight Control Registry
    Holly R Wyatt
    University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver, Colorado 80262, USA
    Obes Res 10:78-82. 2002
    ..To examine breakfast consumption in subjects maintaining a weight loss in the National Weight Control Registry (NWCR)...
  43. ncbi request reprint Variability of measured resting metabolic rate
    Heather A Haugen
    Department of Clinical Sciences, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver, CO, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 78:1141-5. 2003
    ..The necessity of a 12-h fast before resting metabolic rate (RMR) is measured is often a barrier to measuring RMR...
  44. ncbi request reprint What role for weight-loss medication? Weighing the pros and cons for obese patients
    Holly R Wyatt
    Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Metabolism, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Centers for Obesity Research and Education, Denver, CO, USA
    Postgrad Med 115:38-40, 43-5, 58. 2004
    ..Weight-loss medications alone are clearly not the answer. However, they are one tool physicians can use in combination with lifestyle changes to increase the success of long-term weight loss in selected patients...
  45. ncbi request reprint Metabolic adjustments with the development, treatment, and recurrence of obesity in obesity-prone rats
    Paul S MacLean
    Center for Human Nutrition, and Department of Medicine, Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver, Colorado 80262, USA
    Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 287:R288-97. 2004
    ....
  46. ncbi request reprint Number of days, number of subjects, and sources of variation in longitudinal intervention or crossover feeding trials with multiple days of measurement
    Gary K Grunwald
    Center for Human Nutrition and Department of Preventive Medicine and Biometrics, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver, CO 80262, USA
    Br J Nutr 90:1087-95. 2003
    ..Greater precision and fewer required days were noted in the study (Olestra) that exerted greater control over the subjects and diets during the feeding protocol...
  47. ncbi request reprint Association of anthropometric measures with risk of diabetes and cardiovascular disease in Hispanic and Caucasian adolescents
    Teresa A Sharp
    Center for Human Nutrition, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver, CO 80262, USA
    Prev Med 37:611-6. 2003
    ..There are limited data relating obesity status in Hispanic adolescents to diabetes and CVD risk...
  48. ncbi request reprint Comparison of methods for achieving 24-hour energy balance in a whole-room indirect calorimeter
    Gary K Grunwald
    Department of Preventive Medicine and Biometrics, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver Colorado 80262, USA
    Obes Res 11:752-9. 2003
    ..To evaluate and compare methods for achieving 24-hour energy balance in a whole-room indirect calorimeter...
  49. ncbi request reprint Resistance and aerobic exercise have similar effects on 24-h nutrient oxidation
    Edward L Melanson
    Center for Human Nutrition, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver, 80262, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 34:1793-800. 2002
    ..Whether resistance exercise is as effective as aerobic exercise for body-weight management is debated...
  50. ncbi request reprint Enhanced metabolic efficiency contributes to weight regain after weight loss in obesity-prone rats
    Paul S MacLean
    Center for Human Nutrition, Department of Medicine, Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Metabolism, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver, CO 80262, USA
    Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 287:R1306-15. 2004
    ....
  51. ncbi request reprint Effect of exercise intensity on 24-h energy expenditure and nutrient oxidation
    Edward L Melanson
    Center for Human Nutrition, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver, Colorado 80262, USA
    J Appl Physiol 92:1045-52. 2002
    ..It is concluded that exercise intensity has no effect on 24-h EE or nutrient oxidation. Additionally, it appears that women may sustain slightly greater 24-h fat oxidation rates during waking and active periods of the day...
  52. ncbi request reprint Multi-point estimation of total energy expenditure: a comparison between zinc-reduction and platinum-equilibration methodologies
    Bakary J Sonko
    University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver, CO 80262, USA
    Anal Biochem 323:211-7. 2003
    ..The data demonstrated that the Zn-reduction method could be replaced by the Pt-equilibration method when TEE was estimated using the "Multi-Point" technique. Furthermore, D equilibration time was significantly reduced...
  53. ncbi request reprint Differences in resting metabolic rate between white and African-American young adults
    Teresa A Sharp
    Center for Human Nutrition, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver, Colorado 80262, USA
    Obes Res 10:726-32. 2002
    ..A reported lower resting metabolic rate (RMR) in African-American women than in white women could explain the higher prevalence of obesity in the former group. Little information is available on RMR in African-American men...
  54. ncbi request reprint A Colorado statewide survey of walking and its relation to excessive weight
    Holly R Wyatt
    Center for Human Nutrition, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver, CO 80262, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 37:724-30. 2005
    ..There is an urgent need to increase the physical activity in the population. Small-scale success has been achieved in programs like Colorado on the Move (COM), an obesity prevention program using electronic pedometers...
  55. pmc Parental influence on child change in physical activity during a family-based intervention for child weight gain prevention
    KRISTEN HOLM
    Dept of Medicine, National Jewish Health, Denver, CO, USA
    J Phys Act Health 9:661-9. 2012
    ..This study examined the association between parent and child change in physical activity during a family-based intervention for child weight gain prevention...
  56. doi request reprint Exploiting social networks to mitigate the obesity epidemic
    David B Bahr
    Department of Physics and Computational Science, Regis University, Denver, Colorado, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 17:723-8. 2009
    ....
  57. ncbi request reprint Physical activity in U.S. adults with diabetes and at risk for developing diabetes, 2003
    Elaine H Morrato
    University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, School of Pharmacy, 4200 East Ninth Avenue, Denver, CO 80262, USA
    Diabetes Care 30:203-9. 2007
    ..Given the risk of obesity and diabetes in the U.S., and clear benefit of exercise in disease prevention and management, this study aimed to determine the prevalence of physical activity among adults with and at risk for diabetes...
  58. doi request reprint The obesity epidemic
    Victoria A Catenacci
    Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Metabolism, Department of Medicine, University of Colorado Denver, Denver, CO 80220, USA
    Clin Chest Med 30:415-44, vii. 2009
    ..Because of the complexity of obesity, it is likely to be one of the most difficult public health issues our society has faced...
  59. ncbi request reprint Weight loss in a community initiative that promotes decreased energy intake and increased physical activity and dairy consumption: Calcium Weighs-In
    Holly R Wyatt
    University of Colorado at Denver and Health Sciences Center, Dept of Pediatrics, Center for Human Nutrition, Denver, CO 80262, USA
    J Phys Act Health 5:28-44. 2008
    ..This project addresses the need to identify feasible, effective weight-management programs that can be implemented within communities. The controversial role of dairy products in weight-management programs is also explored...
  60. ncbi request reprint Physical activity in prevention and management of obesity and type-2 diabetes
    James O Hill
    Center for Human Nutrition, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Denver, CO, USA
    Nestle Nutr Workshop Ser Clin Perform Programme 11:183-91; discussion 191-6. 2006
    ..However, we still face an enormous challenge in getting people to achieve sustainable increases in physical activity. A promising strategy is to get people walking more, starting small and increasing gradually over time...
  61. ncbi request reprint Relationship of body mass index with outcomes after coronary artery bypass graft surgery
    Brandie D Wagner
    Division of Cardiac Research, Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Eastern Colorado Health Care System, Denver, Colorado 80220, USA
    Ann Thorac Surg 84:10-6. 2007
    ..This study aims to investigate this association, and to uncover possible explanations for the lack of consensus across prior studies...
  62. ncbi request reprint Safety and antioxidant activity of a pomegranate ellagitannin-enriched polyphenol dietary supplement in overweight individuals with increased waist size
    David Heber
    Center for Human Nutrition, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
    J Agric Food Chem 55:10050-4. 2007
    ..These studies demonstrate the safety of a pomegranate ellagitannin-enriched polyphenol dietary supplement in humans and provide evidence of antioxidant activity in humans...
  63. ncbi request reprint Recovery from relapse among successful weight maintainers
    Suzanne Phelan
    Department of Psychiatry, Brown Medical School The Miriam Hospital, 14 Third Street, Providence, RI 02906, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 78:1079-84. 2003
    ..Little is known about the natural history of weight change among persons who are successful at losing weight...
  64. ncbi request reprint Are the eating and exercise habits of successful weight losers changing?
    Suzanne Phelan
    Brown Medical School, The Miriam Hospital, Providence, Rhode Island, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 14:710-6. 2006
    ..Participants had lost an average of 33.1 kg and maintained a 13.6-kg loss for 5.8 years before enrollment. Evaluations of diet and physical activity were conducted at entry into the NWCR and prospectively over 1 year...
  65. ncbi request reprint Effects of a 16-month randomized controlled exercise trial on body weight and composition in young, overweight men and women: the Midwest Exercise Trial
    Joseph E Donnelly
    Energy Balance Laboratory, Schiefelbusch Life Span Institute, University of Kansas, Lawrence 66045, USA
    Arch Intern Med 163:1343-50. 2003
    ..We hypothesized that a 16-month program of verified exercise would prevent weight gain or provide weight loss in the exercise group compared with controls...
  66. ncbi request reprint Medical triggers are associated with better short- and long-term weight loss outcomes
    Amy A Gorin
    Weight Control and Diabetes Research Center, The Miriam Hospital Brown Medical School, Providence, RI 02903, USA
    Prev Med 39:612-6. 2004
    ..Medical events are often reported as triggers for weight loss, but it is unknown whether medical triggers result in better short- and long-term weight control...
  67. ncbi request reprint A randomized trial of a low-carbohydrate diet for obesity
    Gary D Foster
    University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19104 3309, USA
    N Engl J Med 348:2082-90. 2003
    ..Despite the popularity of the low-carbohydrate, high-protein, high-fat (Atkins) diet, no randomized, controlled trials have evaluated its efficacy...
  68. ncbi request reprint Weight loss with self-help compared with a structured commercial program: a randomized trial
    Stanley Heshka
    New York Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital and Columbia University, New York, NY, USA
    JAMA 289:1792-8. 2003
    ..Although commercial weight loss programs provide treatment to millions of clients, their efficacy has not been evaluated in rigorous long-term trials...
  69. pmc Achieving weight and activity goals among diabetes prevention program lifestyle participants
    Rena R Wing
    Prevention Program Coordinating Center, The Biostatistics Center, George Washington University, 6110 Executive Boulevard, Suite 750, Rockville, MD 20852, USA
    Obes Res 12:1426-34. 2004
    ..This paper examines demographic, psychosocial, and behavioral factors related to achieving weight loss and physical activity goals in the DPP lifestyle participants...
  70. ncbi request reprint Non-exercise activity thermogenesis: the crouching tiger hidden dragon of societal weight gain
    James A Levine
    Endocrine Research Unit, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol 26:729-36. 2006
    ..To reverse obesity, we need to develop individual strategies to promote standing and ambulating time by 2.5 hours per day and also re-engineer our work, school, and home environments to render active living the option of choice...
  71. ncbi request reprint Risk factors for the metabolic syndrome: the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) study, 1985-2001
    Mercedes R Carnethon
    Department of Preventive Medicine, The Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois 60611, USA
    Diabetes Care 27:2707-15. 2004
    ..The aim of this study was to describe the association of the metabolic syndrome with demographic characteristics and to identify modifiable risk factors for development of the metabolic syndrome...
  72. ncbi request reprint Phenotypic profile of SWR/J and A/J mice compared to control strains: possible mechanisms underlying resistance to obesity on a high-fat diet
    Sarah F Leibowitz
    The Rockefeller University, 1230 York Avenue, New York, NY 10021, USA
    Brain Res 1047:137-47. 2005
    ....
  73. ncbi request reprint Amount of food group variety consumed in the diet and long-term weight loss maintenance
    Hollie A Raynor
    The Weight Control and Diabetes Research Center, 196 Richmond Street, Providence, RI 02903, USA
    Obes Res 13:883-90. 2005
    ..2 +/- 18.0 kg (70.9 +/- 39.5 lbs) and maintained a weight loss of at least 13.6 kg (30 lbs) for 6.1 +/- 7.7 years...
  74. pmc The Look AHEAD study: a description of the lifestyle intervention and the evidence supporting it
    Thomas A Wadden
    University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA corrected
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 14:737-52. 2006
    ..After Year 4, participants are offered monthly individual visits. The intervention is delivered by a multidisciplinary team that includes medical staff who monitor participants at risk of hypoglycemic episodes...
  75. ncbi request reprint The validity of the Stanford Seven-Day Physical Activity Recall in young adults
    Richard A Washburn
    Energy Balance Laboratory, University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS 66045, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 35:1374-80. 2003
    ..To evaluate the criterion validity of the 7-Day Physical Activity Recall (7D-PAR) and factors associated with reporting error, in a sample of moderately overweight, young adult men and women...
  76. pmc Less activation in the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex in the reanalysis of the response to a meal in obese than in lean women and its association with successful weight loss
    Duc Son Nt Le
    Obesity and Diabetes Clinical Research Section, Phoenix Epidemiology and Clinical Research Branch, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, National Institute of Health, Phoenix, AZ 85016, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 86:573-9. 2007
    ....
  77. ncbi request reprint Three-year weight change in successful weight losers who lost weight on a low-carbohydrate diet
    Suzanne Phelan
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Medicine, Brown Medical School, 196 Richmond Street, Providence, RI 02903, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 15:2470-7. 2007
    ..The purpose of this study was to evaluate long-term weight loss and eating and exercise behaviors of successful weight losers who lost weight using a low-carbohydrate diet...
  78. pmc Body size and shape changes and the risk of diabetes in the diabetes prevention program
    Wilfred Y Fujimoto
    Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA
    Diabetes 56:1680-5. 2007
    ..Reduced diabetes risk with lifestyle intervention may have been through effects upon both overall body fat and central body fat but with metformin appeared to be independent of body fat...
  79. pmc ABC of obesity. Strategies for preventing obesity
    Mike Lean
    Division of Developmental Medicine, Human Nutrition, University of Glasgow, USA
    BMJ 333:959-62. 2006
  80. ncbi request reprint Television viewing and long-term weight maintenance: results from the National Weight Control Registry
    Douglas A Raynor
    Department of Psychology, The State University of New York at Geneseo, 1 College Circle, Geneseo, NY 14454, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 14:1816-24. 2006
    ..To examine the role of television (TV) viewing in long-term maintenance of weight loss...
  81. doi request reprint Consistent self-monitoring of weight: a key component of successful weight loss maintenance
    Meghan L Butryn
    Department of Psychology, Drexel University, 245 N 15th Street, MS 626, Philadelphia, PA 19102, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 15:3091-6. 2007
    ..The objectives were to investigate the characteristics associated with frequent self-weighing and the relationship between self-weighing and weight loss maintenance...
  82. ncbi request reprint Effects of 16 mo of verified, supervised aerobic exercise on macronutrient intake in overweight men and women: the Midwest Exercise Trial
    Joseph E Donnelly
    Center for Physical Activity and Weight Management, Energy Balance Laboratory, The Schiefelbusch Institute for Life Span Studies, University of Kansas, Lawrence, 66045, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 78:950-6. 2003
    ..It is commonly believed that moderate aerobic exercise leads to changes in diet composition, specifically, an increase in carbohydrate intake at the expense of fat intake...
  83. ncbi request reprint Acute high-fat diet paradigms link galanin to triglycerides and their transport and metabolism in muscle
    Sarah F Leibowitz
    Laboratory of Behavioral Neurobiology, The Rockefeller University, 1230 York Avenue, New York, NY 10021, USA
    Brain Res 1008:168-78. 2004
    ....
  84. ncbi request reprint Glucose and insulin responses following 16 months of exercise training in overweight adults: the Midwest Exercise Trial
    Jeffrey A Potteiger
    Health and Human Performance Laboratory, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA, USA
    Metabolism 52:1175-81. 2003
    ..In females, improvement in Vo(2) max without weight loss does not lead to improvement in insulin sensitivity...
  85. doi request reprint Alteration of dietary fat intake to prevent weight gain: Jayhawk Observed Eating Trial
    Joseph E Donnelly
    Energy Balance Laboratory and Center for Physical Activity, Nutrition, and Weight Management, Schiefelbusch Institute for Lifespan Studies, University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 16:107-12. 2008
    ..To examine the effects of ad libitum diets with three distinct levels of fat intake for the prevention of weight gain in sedentary, normal-weight and overweight men and women...
  86. pmc Relation of central adiposity and body mass index to the development of diabetes in the Diabetes Prevention Program
    George A Bray
    Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, LA, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 87:1212-8. 2008
    ..Greater central adiposity is related to the risk of diabetes...

Research Grants25

  1. UTILIZATION OF INGESTED ENERGY DURING UNDERFEEDING
    James Hill; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  2. DIET AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY INTERACTIONS IN OBESITY
    James Hill; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The results will help identify the changes required in current dietary and physical activity patterns if we are going to be successful in preventing the development of obesity. ..
  3. Look AHEAD: Action for Health in Diabetes
    James Hill; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..These procedures will enable us to analyze the effects of the intervention on serious cardiovascular- related factors and complications, and cost-effectiveness of the intervention. ..
  4. DIET AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY INTERACTIONS IN OBESITY
    James Hill; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The results of this project will improve a tool that has already been shown to have great potential for helping reduce the high rates of obesity in children. ..
  5. UTILIZATION OF INGESTED ENERGY DURING UNDERFEEDING
    James Hill; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..Whether and to what extent body fat accumulation will be maintained or increased will ultimately depend on whether or not there are compensatory changes in energy intake and/or energy expenditure. ..
  6. UTILIZATION OF INGESTED ENERGY DURING UNDERFEEDING
    James Hill; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..In summary, these studies should increase our understanding of the role of amount and composition of dietary fat in producing obesity and the metabolic derangements that often accompany it...
  7. DIET AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY INTERACTIONS IN OBESITY
    James O Hill; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The results of this project will improve a tool that has already been shown to have great potential for helping reduce the high rates of obesity in children. ..