Stephen Higgins

Summary

Affiliation: University of Vermont
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc Financial incentives for smoking cessation among pregnant and newly postpartum women
    Stephen T Higgins
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Vermont, University Health Center Campus, 1 S Prospect St, Burlington, VT 05401, USA
    Prev Med 55:S33-40. 2012
  2. ncbi request reprint The influence of alternative reinforcers on cocaine use and abuse: a brief review
    S T Higgins
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Vermont, Burlington 05401, USA
    Pharmacol Biochem Behav 57:419-27. 1997
  3. ncbi request reprint Community reinforcement therapy for cocaine-dependent outpatients
    Stephen T Higgins
    Departments of Psychiatry, Medical Biostatistics, and Psychology, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT 05401, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 60:1043-52. 2003
  4. pmc Comments on contingency management and conditional cash transfers
    Stephen T Higgins
    Departments of Psychiatry and Psychology, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT 05401, USA
    Health Econ 19:1255-8. 2010
  5. ncbi request reprint Clinical implications of reinforcement as a determinant of substance use disorders
    Stephen T Higgins
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Vermont, Burlington, Vermont 05401, USA
    Annu Rev Psychol 55:431-61. 2004
  6. pmc Educational disadvantage and cigarette smoking during pregnancy
    Stephen T Higgins
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT 05401, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 104:S100-5. 2009
  7. ncbi request reprint A pilot study on voucher-based incentives to promote abstinence from cigarette smoking during pregnancy and postpartum
    Stephen T Higgins
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT 05401, USA
    Nicotine Tob Res 6:1015-20. 2004
  8. ncbi request reprint Biochemical verification of smoking status in pregnant and recently postpartum women
    Stephen T Higgins
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT 05401, USA
    Exp Clin Psychopharmacol 15:58-66. 2007
  9. doi request reprint Continuing to struggle with the term "harm reduction"
    S T Higgins
    College on Problems of Drug Dependence and Department of Psychiatry, University of Vermont, Burlington, Vermont, USA
    Clin Pharmacol Ther 83:522-3. 2008
  10. ncbi request reprint Smoking status in the initial weeks of quitting as a predictor of smoking-cessation outcomes in pregnant women
    Stephen T Higgins
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT 05401, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 85:138-41. 2006

Research Grants

  1. Future Directions in Contingency Management Research
    Stephen Higgins; Fiscal Year: 2004
  2. Voucher-based incentives to treat pregnant smokers
    Stephen Higgins; Fiscal Year: 2005
  3. Modeling Initial Smoking Abstinence and Relapse Risk
    Stephen Higgins; Fiscal Year: 2006
  4. BEHAVIORAL PHARMACOLOGY OF HUMAN DRUG DEPENDENCE
    Stephen Higgins; Fiscal Year: 2007
  5. Voucher-based incentives to treat pregnant smokers
    Stephen Higgins; Fiscal Year: 2007
  6. TREATING COCAINE ABUSE: A BEHAVIORAL APPROACH
    Stephen Higgins; Fiscal Year: 2007
  7. Modeling Initial Smoking Abstinence and Relapse Risk
    Stephen Higgins; Fiscal Year: 2009
  8. Voucher-based incentives to treat pregnant smokers
    Stephen Higgins; Fiscal Year: 2009
  9. Modeling Initial Smoking Abstinence and Relapse Risk
    Stephen T Higgins; Fiscal Year: 2010
  10. Treating Cocaine Abuse: A Behavioral Approach
    Stephen T Higgins; Fiscal Year: 2010

Detail Information

Publications54

  1. pmc Financial incentives for smoking cessation among pregnant and newly postpartum women
    Stephen T Higgins
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Vermont, University Health Center Campus, 1 S Prospect St, Burlington, VT 05401, USA
    Prev Med 55:S33-40. 2012
    ....
  2. ncbi request reprint The influence of alternative reinforcers on cocaine use and abuse: a brief review
    S T Higgins
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Vermont, Burlington 05401, USA
    Pharmacol Biochem Behav 57:419-27. 1997
    ..Implications of these observations for effective prevention and treatment of cocaine abuse are discussed...
  3. ncbi request reprint Community reinforcement therapy for cocaine-dependent outpatients
    Stephen T Higgins
    Departments of Psychiatry, Medical Biostatistics, and Psychology, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT 05401, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 60:1043-52. 2003
    ..To examine the contributions of community reinforcement therapy to outcome in the community reinforcement approach (CRA) + vouchers outpatient treatment for cocaine dependence...
  4. pmc Comments on contingency management and conditional cash transfers
    Stephen T Higgins
    Departments of Psychiatry and Psychology, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT 05401, USA
    Health Econ 19:1255-8. 2010
    ..It is concluded that the emerging field of behavioral economics, which is informed by and integrates principles of each of those disciplines, may provide the proper conceptual framework for integrating CM and CCT...
  5. ncbi request reprint Clinical implications of reinforcement as a determinant of substance use disorders
    Stephen T Higgins
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Vermont, Burlington, Vermont 05401, USA
    Annu Rev Psychol 55:431-61. 2004
    ..Overall, the chapter characterizes a vigorous area of clinical research that has much to contribute to a scientific analysis of substance use disorders...
  6. pmc Educational disadvantage and cigarette smoking during pregnancy
    Stephen T Higgins
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT 05401, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 104:S100-5. 2009
    ..We suggest that strategies to increase educational attainment be included with more conventional tobacco-control policies in efforts to reduce smoking among girls and young women...
  7. ncbi request reprint A pilot study on voucher-based incentives to promote abstinence from cigarette smoking during pregnancy and postpartum
    Stephen T Higgins
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT 05401, USA
    Nicotine Tob Res 6:1015-20. 2004
    ..The magnitude of these treatment effects exceed levels typically observed with pregnant and recently postpartum smokers, and the maintenance of effects through 24 weeks postpartum extends the duration beyond those reported previously...
  8. ncbi request reprint Biochemical verification of smoking status in pregnant and recently postpartum women
    Stephen T Higgins
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT 05401, USA
    Exp Clin Psychopharmacol 15:58-66. 2007
    ....
  9. doi request reprint Continuing to struggle with the term "harm reduction"
    S T Higgins
    College on Problems of Drug Dependence and Department of Psychiatry, University of Vermont, Burlington, Vermont, USA
    Clin Pharmacol Ther 83:522-3. 2008
    ..Instead, my comments focus on how to deal with the vast world of literature and other activities that already exist around the term...
  10. ncbi request reprint Smoking status in the initial weeks of quitting as a predictor of smoking-cessation outcomes in pregnant women
    Stephen T Higgins
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT 05401, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 85:138-41. 2006
    ..Any smoking during the initial 2 weeks of attempting to quit predicts poor short- and longer-term outcomes in the general population of cigarette smokers. The present study examined whether that rule applies to pregnant women...
  11. pmc Effects of smoking cessation with voucher-based contingency management on birth outcomes
    Stephen T Higgins
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Vermont, 1 South Prospect Street, Burlington, VT 05401, USA
    Addiction 105:2023-30. 2010
    ..This study examined whether smoking cessation using voucher-based contingency management (CM) improves birth outcomes...
  12. ncbi request reprint Effects of varying the monetary value of voucher-based incentives on abstinence achieved during and following treatment among cocaine-dependent outpatients
    Stephen T Higgins
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT 05401, USA
    Addiction 102:271-81. 2007
    ..This study examined whether increasing the amount of abstinence achieved during outpatient treatment for cocaine dependence is an effective method for increasing longer-term cocaine abstinence...
  13. ncbi request reprint A within-subject comparison of three different schedules of reinforcement of drug abstinence using cigarette smoking as an exemplar
    J M Roll
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Vermont, Burlington 05401, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 58:103-9. 2000
    ....
  14. ncbi request reprint Contingent reinforcement increases cocaine abstinence during outpatient treatment and 1 year of follow-up
    S T Higgins
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Vermont, Burlington 05401, USA
    J Consult Clin Psychol 68:64-72. 2000
    ..Abstinence-contingent incentives significantly increased cocaine abstinence during treatment and 1 year of follow-up compared with noncontingent incentives...
  15. ncbi request reprint Celebrating the decade of behavior: introduction to special issue
    S T Higgins
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Vermont, Burlington, USA
    Exp Clin Psychopharmacol 8:261-3. 2000
    ..This series of articles bodes well for the health of psychopharmacology and substance abuse research and offers a fitting salute to this important initiative...
  16. ncbi request reprint Initial abstinence and success in achieving longer term cocaine abstinence
    S T Higgins
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Vermont, Burlington 05401, USA
    Exp Clin Psychopharmacol 8:377-86. 2000
    ..Devising interventions that increase the proportion of individuals who achieve an early period of sustained abstinence may be key to increasing longer term cocaine abstinence...
  17. ncbi request reprint A promising intervention for a daunting problem: comment on Silverman et al. (2001)
    S T Higgins
    Human Behavioral Pharmacology Laboratory, Department of Psychiatry, University of Vermont, Burlington 05401 1419, USA
    Exp Clin Psychopharmacol 9:27-8; discussion 35-9. 2001
    ..Sixth and last, the report has the potential to provoke serious thought and consideration of what more might be done to combat the daunting and related problems of chronic unemployment and drug abuse in our poorer communities...
  18. ncbi request reprint Voucher-based incentives. A substance abuse treatment innovation
    Stephen T Higgins
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Vermont, 38 Fletcher Place, Burlington, VT 05464, USA
    Addict Behav 27:887-910. 2002
    ..Overall, voucher-based incentives hold promise as an innovative treatment intervention that has efficacy across a wide range of substance abuse problems and populations...
  19. ncbi request reprint Contingent monetary reinforcement of smoking reductions, with and without transdermal nicotine, in outpatients with schizophrenia
    Jennifer W Tidey
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Vermont, Burlington 05401, USA
    Exp Clin Psychopharmacol 10:241-7. 2002
    ..These results offer further evidence supporting the efficacy of CM for reducing smoking among people with schizophrenia, but higher doses of nicotine replacement therapy, or another pharmacotherapy, may be needed to enhance that effect...
  20. ncbi request reprint Examining possible gender differences among cocaine-dependent outpatients
    Conrad J Wong
    Department of Psychology, University of Vermont, Burlington 05401, USA
    Exp Clin Psychopharmacol 10:316-23. 2002
    ..Women reported a lower frequency of alcohol use before intake, and fewer women than men met criteria for cannabis dependence. Men and women experienced comparable improvement during the course of treatment and follow-up...
  21. pmc Voucher-based contingent reinforcement of smoking abstinence among methadone-maintained patients: a pilot study
    Kelly E Dunn
    University of Vermont, USA
    J Appl Behav Anal 41:527-38. 2008
    ..These results support the potential efficacy of using voucher-based CM to promote smoking cessation among methadone-maintained patients...
  22. pmc Evaluation of ongoing oxycodone abuse among methadone-maintained patients
    Kelly E Dunn
    Department of Psychology, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT, USA
    J Subst Abuse Treat 35:451-6. 2008
    ....
  23. pmc Turning k on its head: comments on use of an ED50 in delay discounting research
    Jin H Yoon
    Departments of Psychiatry, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT 05401, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 95:169-72. 2008
    ..The ED50 proposed with regard to DD is the delay that is effective in discounting the subjective value of the delayed reinforcer by 50%. Additionally, a convenient method for calculating ED50 values for DD is discussed...
  24. pmc Predictors of postpartum relapse to smoking
    Laura J Solomon
    Department of Psychology, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT 05405 0134, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 90:224-7. 2007
    ..Most women's first postpartum cigarettes were unplanned, in the presence of another smoker, and while experiencing negative affect. The findings suggest targets for interventions to reduce postpartum relapse...
  25. pmc Effects of cigarette smoking cessation on breastfeeding duration
    Tara M Higgins
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT 05401, USA
    Nicotine Tob Res 12:483-8. 2010
    ..Correlational studies have confirmed associations between smoking status and breastfeeding duration, but whether smoking cessation increases breastfeeding duration has not been established...
  26. ncbi request reprint Delay discounting predicts postpartum relapse to cigarette smoking among pregnant women
    Jin H Yoon
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT, USA
    Exp Clin Psychopharmacol 15:176-86. 2007
    ..The results extend the association of DD with risk for substance abuse to pregnant and recently postpartum cigarette smokers and demonstrate a significant relationship between DD and treatment outcome...
  27. pmc Depressive symptoms predict smoking status among pregnant women
    Teresa J Linares Scott
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT 05401, USA
    Addict Behav 34:705-8. 2009
    ..These results suggest that depressive symptoms may be an independent contributor to the problem of continued smoking during pregnancy, which may have implications for smoking-cessation interventions among pregnant women...
  28. pmc Effects of voucher-based incentives on abstinence from cigarette smoking and fetal growth among pregnant women
    Sarah H Heil
    Departments of Psychiatry, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT 05401, USA
    Addiction 103:1009-18. 2008
    ..This study examined whether voucher-based reinforcement therapy (VBRT) contingent upon smoking abstinence during pregnancy is an effective method for decreasing maternal smoking during pregnancy and improving fetal growth...
  29. pmc Brief buprenorphine detoxification for the treatment of prescription opioid dependence: a pilot study
    Stacey C Sigmon
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Vermont, United States
    Addict Behav 34:304-11. 2009
    ....
  30. pmc Effects of initial abstinence and programmed lapses on the relative reinforcing effects of cigarette smoking
    Laura L Chivers
    University of Vermont, USA
    J Appl Behav Anal 41:481-97. 2008
    ....
  31. pmc Abstinence-contingent reinforcement and engagement in non-drug-related activities among illicit drug abusers
    Randall E Rogers
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Vermont, USA
    Psychol Addict Behav 22:544-50. 2008
    ..These results suggest that when contingency-management interventions increase abstinence from drug abuse, they also increase engagement in non-drug-related activities in naturalistic settings...
  32. pmc Examining maternal weight gain during contingency-management treatment for smoking cessation among pregnant women
    Yukiko Washio
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT 05401, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 114:73-6. 2011
    ..This study shows no evidence of excessive maternal weight gain among pregnant women receiving a CM intervention for smoking cessation...
  33. ncbi request reprint Predictors of internalizing and externalizing problems among children of cocaine and opiate dependent parents
    Catherine Stanger
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Vermont, 1 South Prospect Street, Burlington, VT 05401 3456, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 66:199-212. 2002
    ..For drug dependent fathers, family problems were an independent predictor of children's problems...
  34. ncbi request reprint An experimental test of the influence of prior cigarette smoking abstinence on future abstinence
    Sarah H Heil
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Vermont, Burlington, 05401 1419, USA
    Nicotine Tob Res 6:471-9. 2004
    ..These results provide experimental evidence that prior abstinence histories can directly influence subsequent efforts to abstain from smoking...
  35. ncbi request reprint Examining interrelationships between abstinence and coping self-efficacy in cocaine-dependent outpatients
    Conrad J Wong
    University of Vermont, Department of Psychology, Burlington, VT, USA
    Exp Clin Psychopharmacol 12:190-9. 2004
    ..Results suggest a unidirectional relationship wherein prior abstinence predicts subsequent abstinence and confidence...
  36. ncbi request reprint Characterizing and improving HIV/AIDS knowledge among cocaine-dependent outpatients
    Sarah H Heil
    Substance Abuse Treatment Center, Department of Psychiatry, University of Vermont, 1 South Prospect Street, Burlington, VT 05401 1419, USA
    Exp Clin Psychopharmacol 13:238-43. 2005
    ..Results support the intervention's efficacy for increasing HIV/AIDS knowledge among cocaine-dependent outpatients. This intervention is brief, inexpensive, and easily implemented...
  37. ncbi request reprint Delay discounting in currently using and currently abstinent cocaine-dependent outpatients and non-drug-using matched controls
    Sarah H Heil
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Vermont, USA
    Addict Behav 31:1290-4. 2006
    ..These data replicate previous work in cocaine-dependent and other substance abusers compared to non-drug-using controls and suggest that a longer period of abstinence may be required to modify discounting in this population...
  38. ncbi request reprint Maternal smoking and its association with birth weight
    Ira M Bernstein
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Burgess 217, FAHC, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT 05401 1435, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 106:986-91. 2005
    ..Maternal smoking has been associated with a reduction in newborn birth weight. We sought to estimate how the pattern of maternal smoking throughout pregnancy influences newborn size...
  39. ncbi request reprint A contingent payment model of smoking cessation: effects on abstinence and withdrawal
    Sarah H Heil
    Department of Psychiatry University of Vermont, VT 05401 1419, USA
    Nicotine Tob Res 5:205-13. 2003
    ....
  40. ncbi request reprint Psychological symptoms following smoking cessation in pregnant smokers
    Laura J Solomon
    Departments of Family Medicine and Psychology, University of Vermont, Vermont 05405, USA
    J Behav Med 29:151-60. 2006
    ..These findings should temper concerns that quitting smoking may have detrimental psychological consequences during pregnancy...
  41. pmc An overview of principles of effective treatment of substance use disorders and their potential application to pregnant cigarette smokers
    Sarah H Heil
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT 05401, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 104:S106-14. 2009
    ..Overall, the results of this exercise suggest much promise for enhancing treatment outcomes for pregnant smokers by borrowing from and extending what has been learned with other populations with SUDs...
  42. ncbi request reprint Voucher-based contingent reinforcement of marijuana abstinence among individuals with serious mental illness
    Stacey C Sigmon
    Departments of Psychiatry and Psychology, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT 05401, USA
    J Subst Abuse Treat 30:291-5. 2006
    ....
  43. ncbi request reprint Characterizing nicotine withdrawal in pregnant cigarette smokers
    Sarah H Heil
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Vermont, Burlington, USA
    Exp Clin Psychopharmacol 14:165-70. 2006
    ..The results also suggest that pregnant smokers generally may have elevated baseline levels of withdrawal, which need to be considered in the design and analysis of future studies...
  44. ncbi request reprint Influence of the duration of abstinence on the relative reinforcing effects of cigarette smoking
    Jennifer Plebani Lussier
    Department of Psychology, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT, USA
    Psychopharmacology (Berl) 181:486-95. 2005
    ..However, experimental research is needed to establish a direct causal relationship between achieving early abstinence and lowered relapse risk...
  45. ncbi request reprint Acute effects of D-amphetamine on progressive-ratio performance maintained by cigarette smoking and money
    Stacey C Sigmon
    Department of Psychology, University of Vermont, 38 Fletcher Place, Burlington, VT 05401, USA
    Psychopharmacology (Berl) 167:393-402. 2003
    ..Psychomotor stimulants often increase cigarette smoking, although the mechanisms responsible for that effect remain unclear...
  46. pmc A contingency-management intervention to promote initial smoking cessation among opioid-maintained patients
    Kelly E Dunn
    Department of Psychiatry, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Exp Clin Psychopharmacol 18:37-50. 2010
    ..Results from this randomized clinical trial support the efficacy of contingency management interventions in promoting initial smoking abstinence in this challenging population...
  47. ncbi request reprint Clinical trial of abstinence-based vouchers and cognitive-behavioral therapy for cannabis dependence
    Alan J Budney
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT, USA
    J Consult Clin Psychol 74:307-16. 2006
    ..Discussion focuses on the strengths of each intervention, the clinical significance of the findings, and the need to continue efforts toward development of effective interventions...
  48. ncbi request reprint An experimental examination of the initial weeks of abstinence in cigarette smokers
    Sheila M Alessi
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Vermont, 38 Fletcher Place, Burlington, VT 05401 1419, USA
    Exp Clin Psychopharmacol 12:276-87. 2004
    ..Results indicate that it is feasible to experimentally manipulate smoking abstinence and that doing so can enhance understanding of the relationship between early abstinence and relapse risk...
  49. ncbi request reprint An historical note on Darwin and nonhuman drug self-administration
    Stephen T Higgins
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT 05401, USA stephen higgins uvm edu
    Exp Clin Psychopharmacol 11:317. 2003
    ....
  50. ncbi request reprint Methylphenidate increases cigarette smoking
    Craig R Rush
    Department of Behavioral Science, College of Medicine, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40536, USA
    Psychopharmacology (Berl) 181:781-9. 2005
    ..The effects of methylphenidate on smoking have not been assessed although it is the most commonly prescribed pharmacotherapy for ADHD and individuals with ADHD are at increased risk for smoking...
  51. ncbi request reprint A meta-analysis of voucher-based reinforcement therapy for substance use disorders
    Jennifer Plebani Lussier
    Department of Psychology, Psychiatry and Medical Biostatistics, and University of Vermont 05401, USA
    Addiction 101:192-203. 2006
    ..To systematically investigate the effectiveness of voucher-based reinforcement therapy for the treatment of substance use disorders...
  52. ncbi request reprint Community reinforcement approach plus vouchers for cocaine dependence in a community setting in Spain: six-month outcomes
    Roberto Secades-Villa
    Department of Psychology, University of Oviedo, Oviedo, Spain
    J Subst Abuse Treat 34:202-7. 2008
    ..These results support the effectiveness and generalizability of the CRA plus vouchers treatment in a community setting outside of the United States. Further follow-up is required to confirm the long-term maintenance of the results...
  53. ncbi request reprint The validity of the reinstatement model of craving and relapse to drug use
    Jonathan L Katz
    Psychobiology Section, NIDA Addiction Research Center, NIH DHHS, Baltimore, MD 21224, USA
    Psychopharmacology (Berl) 168:21-30. 2003
    ..The reinstatement procedure has been used increasingly as a laboratory model of craving and relapse to drug abuse. With the number of reports involving this procedure growing, its validity as a model of relapse merits discussion...
  54. ncbi request reprint Extending contingency management to the treatment of methamphetamine use disorders
    Stephen T Higgins
    Am J Psychiatry 163:1870-2. 2006

Research Grants38

  1. Future Directions in Contingency Management Research
    Stephen Higgins; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..g., cognitive behavior therapy). Critical discussion of these issues is important to the future of CM and to the research agenda of NIDA. ..
  2. Voucher-based incentives to treat pregnant smokers
    Stephen Higgins; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Overall, the proposed studies have the potential to contribute important new scientific and practical information on effective treatment for one of our nation's most daunting drug abuse problems. ..
  3. Modeling Initial Smoking Abstinence and Relapse Risk
    Stephen Higgins; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Such information is essential to the development of more focused and effective smoking-cessation interventions. ..
  4. BEHAVIORAL PHARMACOLOGY OF HUMAN DRUG DEPENDENCE
    Stephen Higgins; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Moreover, this training program will continue to train qualified individuals to be successful independent researchers in the human behavioral pharmacology of drug dependence. ..
  5. Voucher-based incentives to treat pregnant smokers
    Stephen Higgins; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Overall, the proposed studies have the potential to contribute important new information on effective treatments for one of our nation's most daunting drug abuse problems. ..
  6. TREATING COCAINE ABUSE: A BEHAVIORAL APPROACH
    Stephen Higgins; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  7. Modeling Initial Smoking Abstinence and Relapse Risk
    Stephen Higgins; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  8. Voucher-based incentives to treat pregnant smokers
    Stephen Higgins; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Overall, the proposed studies have the potential to contribute important new information on effective treatments for one of our nation's most daunting drug abuse problems. ..
  9. Modeling Initial Smoking Abstinence and Relapse Risk
    Stephen T Higgins; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  10. Treating Cocaine Abuse: A Behavioral Approach
    Stephen T Higgins; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  11. TREATING COCAINE ABUSE: A BEHAVIORAL APPROACH
    Stephen Higgins; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Such information is essential to a thorough evaluation of this emerging treatment technology. ..
  12. FACTORS INFLUENCING COCAINE USE IN HUMANS
    Stephen Higgins; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Additionally, by examining non-prescription (prior application) and prescription (this application) drugs, this project will contribute a comprehensive experimental analysis of the influence of commonly used drugs on human cocaine use. ..
  13. Voucher-based incentives to treat pregnant smokers
    Stephen T Higgins; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Overall, the proposed studies have the potential to contribute important new information on effective treatments for one of our nation's most daunting drug abuse problems. ..