K M Guskiewicz

Summary

Affiliation: University of North Carolina
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint No evidence of impaired neurocognitive performance in collegiate soccer players
    Kevin M Guskiewicz
    Sports Medicine Research Laboratory, Department of Exercise and Sport Science, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599 8700, USA
    Am J Sports Med 30:157-62. 2002
  2. ncbi request reprint Recurrent concussion and risk of depression in retired professional football players
    Kevin M Guskiewicz
    Department of Exercise and Sport Science, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 8700, and Neuroscience Center, Waukesha Memorial Hospital, Waukesha, WI, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 39:903-9. 2007
  3. ncbi request reprint Measurement of head impacts in collegiate football players: an investigation of positional and event-type differences
    Jason P Mihalik
    Department of Exercise and Sport Science, Curriculum in Human Movement Science, The University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA
    Neurosurgery 61:1229-35; discussion 1235. 2007
  4. ncbi request reprint Sport-related concussion in the young athlete
    Sergio R Russo Buzzini
    Department of Pediatrics and Orthopaedic Surgery, Division of Adolescent Medicine, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina, USA
    Curr Opin Pediatr 18:376-82. 2006
  5. doi request reprint Evidence-based approach to revising the SCAT2: introducing the SCAT3
    Kevin M Guskiewicz
    Department of Exercise and Sport Science, Matthew Gfeller Sport Related Traumatic Brain Injury Research Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
    Br J Sports Med 47:289-93. 2013
  6. ncbi request reprint Nine-year risk of depression diagnosis increases with increasing self-reported concussions in retired professional football players
    Zachary Y Kerr
    University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, CB 8700, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 8700, USA
    Am J Sports Med 40:2206-12. 2012
  7. doi request reprint Sport-related concussion: on-field and sideline assessment
    Kevin M Guskiewicz
    Department of Exercise and Sport Science, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 8700, USA
    Phys Med Rehabil Clin N Am 22:603-17, vii. 2011
  8. pmc Enhanced balance associated with coordination training with stochastic resonance stimulation in subjects with functional ankle instability: an experimental trial
    Scott E Ross
    Department of Health and Human Performance, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA, USA
    J Neuroeng Rehabil 4:47. 2007
  9. pmc Research based recommendations on management of sport related concussion: summary of the National Athletic Trainers' Association position statement
    K M Guskiewicz
    Department of Exercise and Sport Science, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 8700, USA
    Br J Sports Med 40:6-10. 2006
  10. doi request reprint Balance assessment in the management of sport-related concussion
    Kevin M Guskiewicz
    Matthew Alan Gfeller Sport Related Traumatic Brain Injury Research Center, Department of Exercise and Sport Science, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 209 Fetzer Hall, CB 8700, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 8700, USA
    Clin Sports Med 30:89-102, ix. 2011

Detail Information

Publications54

  1. ncbi request reprint No evidence of impaired neurocognitive performance in collegiate soccer players
    Kevin M Guskiewicz
    Sports Medicine Research Laboratory, Department of Exercise and Sport Science, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599 8700, USA
    Am J Sports Med 30:157-62. 2002
    ..Neither participation in soccer nor a history of soccer-related concussions was associated with impaired performance of neurocognitive function in high-level United States soccer players...
  2. ncbi request reprint Recurrent concussion and risk of depression in retired professional football players
    Kevin M Guskiewicz
    Department of Exercise and Sport Science, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 8700, and Neuroscience Center, Waukesha Memorial Hospital, Waukesha, WI, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 39:903-9. 2007
    ..The purpose of our study was to investigate the association between prior head injury and the likelihood of being diagnosed with clinical depression among retired professional football players with prior head injury exposure...
  3. ncbi request reprint Measurement of head impacts in collegiate football players: an investigation of positional and event-type differences
    Jason P Mihalik
    Department of Exercise and Sport Science, Curriculum in Human Movement Science, The University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA
    Neurosurgery 61:1229-35; discussion 1235. 2007
    ..We also sought to identify whether or not any associations existed between high-magnitude impacts and location of head impacts...
  4. ncbi request reprint Sport-related concussion in the young athlete
    Sergio R Russo Buzzini
    Department of Pediatrics and Orthopaedic Surgery, Division of Adolescent Medicine, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina, USA
    Curr Opin Pediatr 18:376-82. 2006
    ..The purpose of this review is to present an overview of sport-related concussion in the young athlete and review recent publications of clinical and scientific importance...
  5. doi request reprint Evidence-based approach to revising the SCAT2: introducing the SCAT3
    Kevin M Guskiewicz
    Department of Exercise and Sport Science, Matthew Gfeller Sport Related Traumatic Brain Injury Research Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
    Br J Sports Med 47:289-93. 2013
    ..There is no evidence to support the use of a composite/total score; however, there is good evidence to support the use of each component (scored independently) in a revised assessment tool...
  6. ncbi request reprint Nine-year risk of depression diagnosis increases with increasing self-reported concussions in retired professional football players
    Zachary Y Kerr
    University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, CB 8700, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 8700, USA
    Am J Sports Med 40:2206-12. 2012
    ..Concussions may accelerate the progression to long-term mental health outcomes such as depression in athletes...
  7. doi request reprint Sport-related concussion: on-field and sideline assessment
    Kevin M Guskiewicz
    Department of Exercise and Sport Science, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 8700, USA
    Phys Med Rehabil Clin N Am 22:603-17, vii. 2011
    ..Concussions can evolve into something more serious if signs and symptoms go undetected or are ignored. Although these are very rare events, they must always be at the forefront of the clinician's mind...
  8. pmc Enhanced balance associated with coordination training with stochastic resonance stimulation in subjects with functional ankle instability: an experimental trial
    Scott E Ross
    Department of Health and Human Performance, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA, USA
    J Neuroeng Rehabil 4:47. 2007
    ..Improving postural instabilities associated with FAI has implications for increasing ankle joint stability and decreasing recurrent ankle sprains...
  9. pmc Research based recommendations on management of sport related concussion: summary of the National Athletic Trainers' Association position statement
    K M Guskiewicz
    Department of Exercise and Sport Science, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 8700, USA
    Br J Sports Med 40:6-10. 2006
  10. doi request reprint Balance assessment in the management of sport-related concussion
    Kevin M Guskiewicz
    Matthew Alan Gfeller Sport Related Traumatic Brain Injury Research Center, Department of Exercise and Sport Science, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 209 Fetzer Hall, CB 8700, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 8700, USA
    Clin Sports Med 30:89-102, ix. 2011
    ....
  11. ncbi request reprint Measurement of head impacts in collegiate football players: relationship between head impact biomechanics and acute clinical outcome after concussion
    Kevin M Guskiewicz
    Department of Exercise and Sport Science, Curriculum in Human Movement Science, The University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599, USA
    Neurosurgery 61:1244-52; discussion 1252-3. 2007
    ....
  12. doi request reprint Biomechanics of sport concussion: quest for the elusive injury threshold
    Kevin M Guskiewicz
    Matthew Gfeller Sport Related Traumatic Brain Injury Research Center, Department of Exercise and Sport Science, and Curriculum in Human Movement Science, School of Medicine, The University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
    Exerc Sport Sci Rev 39:4-11. 2011
    ..Recent studies suggest that a concussive injury threshold is elusive and may, in fact, be irrelevant when predicting the clinical outcome...
  13. doi request reprint Pediatric sports-related concussion
    Kevin M Guskiewicz
    Department of Exercise and Sport Science, 209 Fetzer, CB 8700, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 8700, USA
    PM R 3:353-64; quiz 364. 2011
    ..Until future studies can better delineate the mechanisms of, response to, and recovery from concussion in the young athlete, it is prudent to act in a conservative manner when dealing with pediatric athletes with concussion...
  14. doi request reprint Postconcussive impairment differences across a multifaceted concussion assessment protocol
    Kevin M Guskiewicz
    Matthew Gfeller Sport Related Traumatic Brain Injury Research Center, Department of Exercise and Sport Science, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, CB 8700, 209 Fetzer Hall, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
    PM R 3:S445-51. 2011
    ..To examine the proportion of athletes with concussion and with impairment disagreements across various clinical concussion assessment measures...
  15. ncbi request reprint Association between recurrent concussion and late-life cognitive impairment in retired professional football players
    Kevin M Guskiewicz
    Department of Exercise and Sport Science, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599 8700, USA
    Neurosurgery 57:719-26; discussion 719-26. 2005
    ....
  16. ncbi request reprint Postural stability assessment following concussion: one piece of the puzzle
    K M Guskiewicz
    Department of Exercise and Sport Science, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 27599 8700, USA
    Clin J Sport Med 11:182-9. 2001
    ..Although symptom severity, neurocognitive function, and postural stability are often affected initially following concussion, they are not necessarily related or even affected to the same degree...
  17. ncbi request reprint Assessment of postural stability following sport-related concussion
    Kevin M Guskiewicz
    Sports Medicine Research Laboratory, 211 Fetzer, CB 8700, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 8700, USA
    Curr Sports Med Rep 2:24-30. 2003
    ..Each of these should be considered when attempting to make return-to-play decisions following concussion...
  18. ncbi request reprint Cumulative effects associated with recurrent concussion in collegiate football players: the NCAA Concussion Study
    Kevin M Guskiewicz
    Departments of Exercise and Sport Science, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 27599, USA
    JAMA 290:2549-55. 2003
    ..Approximately 300 000 sport-related concussions occur annually in the United States, and the likelihood of serious sequelae may increase with repeated head injury...
  19. ncbi request reprint Recommendations on management of sport-related concussion: summary of the National Athletic Trainers' Association position statement
    Kevin M Guskiewicz
    Sports Medicine Research Laboratory, Department of Exercise and Sport Science, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 27599, USA
    Neurosurgery 55:891-5; discussion 896. 2004
  20. ncbi request reprint Measurement of head impacts in collegiate football players: clinical measures of concussion after high- and low-magnitude impacts
    Meghan A McCaffrey
    Department of Exercise and Sport Science, The University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA
    Neurosurgery 61:1236-43; discussion 1243. 2007
    ..We aimed to investigate acute balance and neurocognitive performance after head impacts exceeding a theoretical injury threshold in the absence of both self-reported symptoms and a concussion diagnosis 24 hours before testing...
  21. ncbi request reprint Acute effects and recovery time following concussion in collegiate football players: the NCAA Concussion Study
    Michael McCrea
    Neuroscience Center, Waukesha Memorial Hospital, Waukesha, Wis 53188, USA
    JAMA 290:2556-63. 2003
    ..Lack of empirical data on recovery time following sport-related concussion hampers clinical decision making about return to play after injury...
  22. pmc Neuropsychological performance, postural stability, and symptoms after dehydration
    Akshay V Patel
    University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
    J Athl Train 42:66-75. 2007
    ..Dehydration and concussion are common in athletic performance. Some experts have speculated that dehydration may negatively influence performance on tests commonly used for concussion assessment...
  23. doi request reprint The effects of strength training on the lower extremity biomechanics of female recreational athletes during a stop-jump task
    Daniel C Herman
    University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA
    Am J Sports Med 36:733-40. 2008
    ..Strength training is considered a strategy for anterior cruciate ligament injury prevention. Little is known about the contribution of strength training to knee and hip biomechanics...
  24. doi request reprint Collision type and player anticipation affect head impact severity among youth ice hockey players
    Jason P Mihalik
    Sports Medicine Research Laboratory, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA
    Pediatrics 125:e1394-401. 2010
    ..We hypothesized that head impact biomechanical features would be more severe in unanticipated collisions and open-ice collisions, compared with anticipated collisions and collisions along the playing boards, respectively...
  25. pmc Lower extremity kinematics and ground reaction forces after prophylactic lace-up ankle bracing
    Lindsay J DiStefano
    University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27514, USA
    J Athl Train 43:234-41. 2008
    ..Long-term effects of ankle bracing on lower extremity kinematics and kinetics are unknown. Ankle motion restriction may negatively affect the body's ability to attenuate ground reaction forces (GRFs)...
  26. pmc Muscle stiffness and spinal stretch reflex sensitivity in the triceps surae
    J Troy Blackburn
    University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 8605, USA
    J Athl Train 43:29-36. 2008
    ..This heightened sensitivity would correspond with a shorter latency and higher-amplitude reflex response, potentially enhancing joint stability...
  27. ncbi request reprint Age and gender effects on lower extremity kinematics of youth soccer players in a stop-jump task
    Bing Yu
    Center for Human Movement Science, Division of Physical Therapy, CB 7135 Medical School Wing E, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 7135, USA
    Am J Sports Med 33:1356-64. 2005
    ..Gender differences in lower extremity motion patterns were previously identified as a possible risk factor for non-contact anterior cruciate ligament injuries in sports...
  28. doi request reprint Effect of ice hockey helmet fit on cervical spine motion during an emergency log roll procedure
    Jason P Mihalik
    Department of Exercise and Sport Science, Sports Medicine Research Laboratory, The University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599, USA
    Clin J Sport Med 18:394-8. 2008
    ..To investigate cervical spine motion during a log roll technique in ice hockey players under different helmet fit conditions...
  29. doi request reprint The effects of menstrual cycle phase on clinical measures of concussion in healthy college-aged females
    Jason P Mihalik
    Department of Exercise and Sport Science and Curriculum in Human Movement Science, The University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
    J Sci Med Sport 12:383-7. 2009
    ..Therefore, decreased performance on these measures following a suspected concussion is likely not attributable to menstrual cycle phase or use of OCP...
  30. ncbi request reprint Sex comparison of extensibility, passive, and active stiffness of the knee flexors
    J Troy Blackburn
    Sports Medicine Research Laboratory, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 06 Fetzer, CB 8700, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
    Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon) 19:36-43. 2004
    ..To compare extensibility, and passive and active stiffness of the knee flexors between males and females...
  31. ncbi request reprint The effect of menstrual-cycle phase on hamstring extensibility and muscle stiffness
    David R Bell
    Dept of Exercise and Sport Science, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA
    J Sport Rehabil 18:553-63. 2009
    ..Preventing noncontact ACL injuries has been a major focus of athletic trainers and researchers. One factor that may influence female noncontact ACL injury is the fluctuating concentrations of hormones in the body...
  32. ncbi request reprint The effects of headache on clinical measures of neurocognitive function
    Johna Register-Mihalik
    Department of Exercise and Sports Science, Sports Medicine Research Laboratory, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599, USA
    Clin J Sport Med 17:282-8. 2007
    ..To examine effects of preseason baseline headache and posttraumatic headache (PTH) on neurocognitive function...
  33. ncbi request reprint Effectiveness of mouthguards in reducing neurocognitive deficits following sports-related cerebral concussion
    Jason P Mihalik
    Sports Medicine Research Laboratory, Department of Exercise and Sport Science, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
    Dent Traumatol 23:14-20. 2007
    ....
  34. pmc Return of postural control to baseline after anaerobic and aerobic exercise protocols
    Zachary G Fox
    The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
    J Athl Train 43:456-63. 2008
    ..With regard to sideline concussion testing, the effect of fatigue associated with different types of exercise on postural control is unknown...
  35. ncbi request reprint Instruction of jump-landing technique using videotape feedback: altering lower extremity motion patterns
    James A Onate
    University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA
    Am J Sports Med 33:831-42. 2005
    ..Anterior cruciate ligament injury prevention programs have used videotapes of jump-landing technique as a key instructional component to improve landing performance...
  36. doi request reprint Self-reported anabolic-androgenic steroids use and musculoskeletal injuries: findings from the center for the study of retired athletes health survey of retired NFL players
    Scott Horn
    Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA
    Am J Phys Med Rehabil 88:192-200. 2009
    ..The purpose of our study was to investigate the association between self-reported anabolic-androgenic steroids use and the prevalence of musculoskeletal injuries in a unique group of retired professional football players...
  37. doi request reprint Effect of infraction type on head impact severity in youth ice hockey
    Jason P Mihalik
    Matthew A Gfeller Sport Related Traumatic Brain Injury Research Center, Department of Exercise and Sport Science, The University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 42:1431-8. 2010
    ..To identify the effects of infractions sustained during participation in youth ice hockey on biomechanical measures of head impact severity...
  38. doi request reprint Comparison of 3 airway access techniques during suspected spine injury management in American football
    Julianne D Toler
    From the Department of Exercise and Sport Science daggerCurriculum in Human Movement Science and double daggerCampus Health Services, The University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina
    Clin J Sport Med 20:92-7. 2010
    ..To determine how head movement and time to access airway were affected by 3 emergency airway access techniques used in American football...
  39. doi request reprint Balance deficits after sports-related concussion in individuals reporting posttraumatic headache
    Johna K Register-Mihalik
    Sports Medicine Research Laboratory, Department of Exercise and Sport Science, and Curriculum in Human Movement Science, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599, USA
    Neurosurgery 63:76-80; discussion 80-2. 2008
    ..The purpose of this study is to compare balance after concussion between athletes reporting PTH and athletes not reporting PTH...
  40. ncbi request reprint Augmented feedback reduces jump landing forces
    J A Onate
    Department of Exercise and Sport Science, Human Movement Science Program, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 27599 8700, USA
    J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 31:511-7. 2001
    ..Randomized, experimental design using a 1-way ANCOVA to determine the influence of various forms of feedback on jump landing forces...
  41. doi request reprint The effects of feedback with and without strength training on lower extremity biomechanics
    Daniel C Herman
    Center for Human Movement Science, Division of Physical Therapy, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA
    Am J Sports Med 37:1301-8. 2009
    ..Feedback instruction is a proven modality for the alteration of motion patterns. There are no existing data on the contribution of strength training, when combined with feedback instruction, to the altering of lower extremity biomechanics...
  42. ncbi request reprint Effect of coordination training with and without stochastic resonance stimulation on dynamic postural stability of subjects with functional ankle instability and subjects with stable ankles
    Scott E Ross
    Department of Exercise Science, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia 23284 2020, USA
    Clin J Sport Med 16:323-8. 2006
    ..To examine the effects of coordination training with and without stochastic resonance (SR) stimulation on dynamic postural stability...
  43. ncbi request reprint Examination of static and dynamic postural stability in individuals with functionally stable and unstable ankles
    Scott E Ross
    Department of Exercise Science, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA 23284, USA
    Clin J Sport Med 14:332-8. 2004
    ..To determine static and dynamic postural stability differences between functional ankle instability and stable ankle groups...
  44. ncbi request reprint Influences of experimental factors on spinal stretch reflex latency and amplitude in the human triceps surae
    J Troy Blackburn
    Department of Health and Human Performance, 2050 Beard Eaves Memorial Coliseum, Auburn University, Auburn, AL 36849, USA
    J Electromyogr Kinesiol 16:42-50. 2006
    ..These results suggest that SSR latency and amplitude are independent of agonist background EMG, perturbation velocity, and perturbation amplitude when experimental variability is relatively limited...
  45. ncbi request reprint No evidence of impaired neurocognitive performance in collegiate soccer players
    Kevin M Guskiewicz
    Am J Sports Med 30:630. 2002
  46. ncbi request reprint The relationships between active extensibility, and passive and active stiffness of the knee flexors
    J Troy Blackburn
    Department of Health and Human Performance, College of Education, Auburn University, 2050 Beard Eaves Memorial Coliseum, Auburn, AL 36849, USA
    J Electromyogr Kinesiol 14:683-91. 2004
    ..Additionally, heightened extensibility does not appear to be a predisposing factor for reduced muscle stiffness...
  47. ncbi request reprint A nonlinear dynamic approach for evaluating postural control: new directions for the management of sport-related cerebral concussion
    James T Cavanaugh
    Geriatric Research, Education and Clinical Center, Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina, USA
    Sports Med 35:935-50. 2005
    ..It is recommended as an important supplemental assessment tool for determining an athlete's readiness to resume competitive activity...
  48. ncbi request reprint Structural validity of a self-report concussion-related symptom scale
    Scott G Piland
    School of Human Performance and Recreation, University of Southern Mississippi, Hattiesburg, MS 39406 0001, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 38:27-32. 2006
    ..This study evaluated the factorial validity of a self-report measure of concussion-related symptom severity among a large sample of male, high-school athletes...
  49. ncbi request reprint Serial administration of clinical concussion assessments and learning effects in healthy young athletes
    Tamara C Valovich McLeod
    Department of Sports Health Care, Arizona School of Health Sciences, Mesa, AZ 85206, USA
    Clin J Sport Med 14:287-95. 2004
    ....
  50. pmc Athlete characteristics and outcome scores for computerized neuropsychological assessment: a preliminary analysis
    Cathleen N Brown
    Department of Kinesiology, University of Georgia, 330 River Road, Athens, GA 30602, USA
    J Athl Train 42:515-23. 2007
    ..Computerized neuropsychological testing is used in athletics; however, normative data on an athletic population are lacking...
  51. ncbi request reprint One-arm hop test: reliability and effects of arm dominance
    Susan A Falsone
    Athletes Performance, Tempe, AZ, USA
    J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 32:98-103. 2002
    ..Test-retest reliability analysis and 2-factor ANOVA contrast of athletic group and limb dominance...
  52. pmc Management of cervical spine injuries in athletes
    Julian E Bailes
    West Virginia School of Medicine, Morgantown, WV, USA
    J Athl Train 42:126-34. 2007
    ..We also present the most current recommendations for management and treatment of these potentially catastrophic injuries...
  53. ncbi request reprint Comparison of triceps surae structural stiffness and material modulus across sex
    J Troy Blackburn
    Department of Health and Human Performance, 2050 Beard Eaves Memorial Coliseum, Auburn University, AL 36849, USA
    Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon) 21:159-67. 2006
    ..It was hypothesized that males would demonstrate greater structural stiffness and material modulus...
  54. pmc Assessment tools for identifying functional limitations associated with functional ankle instability
    Scott E Ross
    Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA 23284 2020, USA
    J Athl Train 43:44-50. 2008
    ..Assessment tools should identify functional limitations associated with functional ankle instability (FAI) by discriminating unstable from stable ankles...