Megan Gunnar

Summary

Affiliation: University of Minnesota
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint The neurobiology of stress and development
    Megan Gunnar
    Institute of Child Development, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455, USA
    Annu Rev Psychol 58:145-73. 2007
  2. ncbi request reprint Early care experiences and HPA axis regulation in children: a mechanism for later trauma vulnerability
    Megan R Gunnar
    Institute of Child Development, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
    Prog Brain Res 167:137-49. 2008
  3. pmc The brain-derived neurotrophic factor Val66Met polymorphism moderates early deprivation effects on attention problems
    Megan R Gunnar
    Institute of Child Development, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
    Dev Psychopathol 24:1215-23. 2012
  4. ncbi request reprint Tympanic membrane temperature and emotional dispositions in preschool-aged children: a methodological study
    Megan R Gunnar
    Institute of Child Development, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
    Child Dev 75:497-504. 2004
  5. doi request reprint Developmental changes in hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal activity over the transition to adolescence: normative changes and associations with puberty
    Megan R Gunnar
    Institute of Child Development, 51 East River Rd, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
    Dev Psychopathol 21:69-85. 2009
  6. pmc Stressor paradigms in developmental studies: what does and does not work to produce mean increases in salivary cortisol
    Megan R Gunnar
    Institute of Child Development, 51 East River Road, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, United States
    Psychoneuroendocrinology 34:953-67. 2009
  7. ncbi request reprint Bringing basic research on early experience and stress neurobiology to bear on preventive interventions for neglected and maltreated children
    Megan R Gunnar
    Institute of Child Development, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, USA
    Dev Psychopathol 18:651-77. 2006
  8. ncbi request reprint Peer rejection, temperament, and cortisol activity in preschoolers
    Megan R Gunnar
    Institute of Child Development, University of Minnesota, 51 East River Road, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
    Dev Psychobiol 43:346-58. 2003
  9. ncbi request reprint Behavior problems in postinstitutionalized internationally adopted children
    Megan R Gunnar
    Institute of Child Development, 51 East River Road, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
    Dev Psychopathol 19:129-48. 2007
  10. pmc The rise in cortisol in family day care: associations with aspects of care quality, child behavior, and child sex
    Megan R Gunnar
    Institute of Child Development, University ofMinnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
    Child Dev 81:851-69. 2010

Detail Information

Publications43

  1. ncbi request reprint The neurobiology of stress and development
    Megan Gunnar
    Institute of Child Development, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455, USA
    Annu Rev Psychol 58:145-73. 2007
    ....
  2. ncbi request reprint Early care experiences and HPA axis regulation in children: a mechanism for later trauma vulnerability
    Megan R Gunnar
    Institute of Child Development, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
    Prog Brain Res 167:137-49. 2008
    ..What awaits study is whether periods of atypical cortisol levels and altered HPA function early in life, even if transient, impact brain development in ways that heighten vulnerability to PTSD in response to traumas experienced later...
  3. pmc The brain-derived neurotrophic factor Val66Met polymorphism moderates early deprivation effects on attention problems
    Megan R Gunnar
    Institute of Child Development, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
    Dev Psychopathol 24:1215-23. 2012
    ..Similar patterns were observed when SE Asian youth and youth from other parts of the world were analyzed separately...
  4. ncbi request reprint Tympanic membrane temperature and emotional dispositions in preschool-aged children: a methodological study
    Megan R Gunnar
    Institute of Child Development, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
    Child Dev 75:497-504. 2004
    ..TM asymmetry may be a phenotypic marker of vulnerability to negative emotionality, but measures obtained on one occasion may not reliably index the phenotype...
  5. doi request reprint Developmental changes in hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal activity over the transition to adolescence: normative changes and associations with puberty
    Megan R Gunnar
    Institute of Child Development, 51 East River Rd, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
    Dev Psychopathol 21:69-85. 2009
    ..The importance of these findings for the hypothesis that puberty-associated increases in hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis activity heightens the risk of psychopathology is discussed...
  6. pmc Stressor paradigms in developmental studies: what does and does not work to produce mean increases in salivary cortisol
    Megan R Gunnar
    Institute of Child Development, 51 East River Road, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, United States
    Psychoneuroendocrinology 34:953-67. 2009
    ..A consideration of these issues is needed to promote the implementation of more effective stressor paradigms in human developmental psychoendocrine research...
  7. ncbi request reprint Bringing basic research on early experience and stress neurobiology to bear on preventive interventions for neglected and maltreated children
    Megan R Gunnar
    Institute of Child Development, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, USA
    Dev Psychopathol 18:651-77. 2006
    ..Finally, we discuss several considerations that should facilitate a more complete integration of basic research on early experience and stress neurobiology into preventive intervention strategies...
  8. ncbi request reprint Peer rejection, temperament, and cortisol activity in preschoolers
    Megan R Gunnar
    Institute of Child Development, University of Minnesota, 51 East River Road, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
    Dev Psychobiol 43:346-58. 2003
    ..In these contexts, both direct and indirect pathways between temperament and cortisol need to be examined...
  9. ncbi request reprint Behavior problems in postinstitutionalized internationally adopted children
    Megan R Gunnar
    Institute of Child Development, 51 East River Road, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
    Dev Psychopathol 19:129-48. 2007
    ..Finally, children adopted from Russia/Eastern Europe appeared at greater risk of developing behavior problems in several domains compared to children adopted from other areas of the world...
  10. pmc The rise in cortisol in family day care: associations with aspects of care quality, child behavior, and child sex
    Megan R Gunnar
    Institute of Child Development, University ofMinnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
    Child Dev 81:851-69. 2010
    ....
  11. ncbi request reprint Integrating neuroscience and psychological approaches in the study of early experiences
    Megan R Gunnar
    Institute of Child Development, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1008:238-47. 2003
    ..In addition, however, anomalous findings and the challenge they pose in translating the basic neuroscience findings to human development are also discussed...
  12. doi request reprint The import of the cortisol rise in child care differs as a function of behavioral inhibition
    Megan R Gunnar
    Institute of Child Development, University of Minnesota, Twin Cities, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
    Dev Psychol 47:792-803. 2011
    ..These results suggest that the rise in cortisol at child care may have differential predictive value as a function of behaviorally inhibited temperament...
  13. doi request reprint Early deprivation and home basal cortisol levels: a study of internationally adopted children
    Darlene A Kertes
    Institute of Child Development, 51 East River Road, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
    Dev Psychopathol 20:473-91. 2008
    ..A structural equation model revealed that preadoption Deprived Care predicted Growth Delay at adoption and Growth Delay predicted higher morning cortisol levels and a larger diurnal cortisol decrease...
  14. ncbi request reprint The anterior attention network: associations with temperament and neuroendocrine activity in 6-year-old children
    Elysia Poggi Davis
    Institute of Child Development, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455 0345, USA
    Dev Psychobiol 40:43-56. 2002
    ..However, these data also illustrate the multifaceted nature of effortful control and the need for care when attempting to understand the neural systems involved in the effortful regulation of behavior...
  15. ncbi request reprint Evening activities as a potential confound in research on the adrenocortical system in children
    Darlene A Kertes
    Institute of Child Development, University of Minnesota Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
    Child Dev 75:193-204. 2004
    ..These results show that in studies with children, nights on which participants engage in sport activities should be avoided when collecting ambulatory measures of salivary cortisol concentrations...
  16. ncbi request reprint Morning-to-afternoon increases in cortisol concentrations for infants and toddlers at child care: age differences and behavioral correlates
    Sarah E Watamura
    Institute of Child Development, University of Minnesota, 55455, USA
    Child Dev 74:1006-20. 2003
    ..Controlling age, teacher-reported social fearfulness predicted higher afternoon cortisol and larger cortisol increases across the day at child care. This phenomenon may indicate context-specific activation of the HPA axis early in life...
  17. pmc Moderate versus severe early life stress: associations with stress reactivity and regulation in 10-12-year-old children
    Megan R Gunnar
    Institute of Child Development, University of Minnesota, 51 East River Road, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
    Psychoneuroendocrinology 34:62-75. 2009
    ..Lack of effects of severe ELS even for growth delayed children may reflect the restorative effects of adoption or the generally low responsiveness of this age group to the TSST-C...
  18. pmc To spear or not to spear: comparison of saliva collection methods
    Bonny Donzella
    Institute of Child Development, University of Minnesota, 51 East River Road, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
    Dev Psychobiol 50:714-7. 2008
    ..Taken together, the results raise important considerations to take into account when selecting collection materials and procedures in the measurement of salivary cortisol...
  19. pmc Postinstitutionalized children's development: growth, cognitive, and language outcomes
    Michelle M Loman
    Institute of Child Development, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA
    J Dev Behav Pediatr 30:426-34. 2009
    ..This study examines and compares developmental outcomes of PI children adopted from multiple world regions...
  20. pmc The differential impacts of early physical and sexual abuse and internalizing problems on daytime cortisol rhythm in school-aged children
    Dante Cicchetti
    Institute of Child Development, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
    Child Dev 81:252-69. 2010
    ..These results were specific to EPA/SA rather than later onset physical or sexual abuse or early occurring neglect or emotional maltreatment...
  21. pmc Behavioral and emotional symptoms of post-institutionalized children in middle childhood
    Kristen L Wiik
    Institute of Child Development, University of Minnesota, 51 East River Road, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
    J Child Psychol Psychiatry 52:56-63. 2011
    ..This study clarifies the understanding of behavioral and emotional symptoms of post-institutionalized (PI) children during middle childhood...
  22. pmc The onset of puberty: effects on the psychophysiology of defensive and appetitive motivation
    Karina M Quevedo
    University of Minnesota, USA
    Dev Psychopathol 21:27-45. 2009
    ....
  23. pmc The International Adoption Project: population-based surveillance of Minnesota parents who adopted children internationally
    Wendy L Hellerstedt
    Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA
    Matern Child Health J 12:162-71. 2008
    ..To conduct the first population-based surveillance in the United States of parents who adopted children from countries outside of the United States...
  24. ncbi request reprint Individual differences in children's cortisol response to the beginning of a new school year
    Jacqueline Bruce
    Institute of Child Development, 51 East River Road, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis 55455, USA
    Psychoneuroendocrinology 27:635-50. 2002
    ..In contrast, shyness, which negatively contributes to Surgency, was positively correlated with evening change scores on the fifth day of school...
  25. pmc Cortisol function among early school-aged homeless children
    J J Cutuli
    Institute of Child Development, University of Minnesota, 51 East River Parkway, Minneapolis, MN 55455, United States
    Psychoneuroendocrinology 35:833-45. 2010
    ..In contrast, a socioeconomic cumulative risk score was not associated with morning or session-related differences in cortisol...
  26. pmc Cultural socialization in families with internationally adopted children
    Richard M Lee
    Department of Psychology, University of Minnesota Twin Cities Campus, MN 55455, USA
    J Fam Psychol 20:571-80. 2006
    ..Individual variations in cultural socialization also are discussed in terms of child development and shifting adoption attitudes and practices...
  27. ncbi request reprint Social regulation of the cortisol levels in early human development
    Megan R Gunnar
    Institute of Child Development, University of Minnesota, 51 East River Road, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
    Psychoneuroendocrinology 27:199-220. 2002
    ..Finally, the few studies of cortisol activity under conditions of neglectful and abusive care of young children are considered, noting that these often have yielded evidence of reduced rather than increased cortisol levels...
  28. ncbi request reprint Child maltreatment and the developing HPA axis
    Amanda R Tarullo
    Institute of Child Development, 51 East River Road, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA
    Horm Behav 50:632-9. 2006
    ..Post-institutionalized children may provide a model to separate early adverse care histories from current adversity...
  29. ncbi request reprint It's not that bad: error introduced by oral stimulants in salivary cortisol research
    Nicole M Talge
    Institute of Child Development, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, USA
    Dev Psychobiol 47:369-76. 2005
    ..When used sparingly, oral stimulants can be employed without compromising the quality of salivary cortisol data...
  30. pmc Identifying atypical cortisol patterns in young children: The benefits of group-based trajectory modeling
    Mark J Van Ryzin
    Institute of Child Development, University of Minnesota, 51 East River Road, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
    Psychoneuroendocrinology 34:50-61. 2009
    ..low internalizing children with high vs. low parenting quality. We discuss these results in terms of their implications for the proper application of each method...
  31. pmc Early experience and the development of stress reactivity and regulation in children
    Michelle M Loman
    Institute of Child Development, University of Minnesota, 51 East River Road, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
    Neurosci Biobehav Rev 34:867-76. 2010
    ..This review pays tribute to his legacy by outlining the conceptual model which is now guiding our research studies...
  32. ncbi request reprint Adult attachment, parent emotion, and observed parenting behavior: mediator and moderator models
    Emma K Adam
    School of Education and Social Policy, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60208, USA
    Child Dev 75:110-22. 2004
    ....
  33. ncbi request reprint Maternal panic disorder: infant temperament, neurophysiology, and parenting behaviors
    Susan L Warren
    George Washington University, Washington, DC 20037, USA
    J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 42:814-25. 2003
    ..To determine whether 4- and 14-month-old infants of mothers with panic disorder (PD) would be more likely to show differences in temperament, neurophysiology (salivary cortisol and sleep), and relationships with their mothers than controls...
  34. doi request reprint Salivary cortisol levels in children of low-income women with high depressive symptomatology
    Lia C H Fernald
    University of California, Berkeley, 50 University Hall, MC 7360, Berkeley, CA94720 7360, USA
    Dev Psychopathol 20:423-36. 2008
    ..These results suggest that among very low-income families, high maternal depressive symptoms are associated with hypoactivity of the HPA system in children, particularly boys...
  35. ncbi request reprint Transition to child care: associations with infant-mother attachment, infant negative emotion, and cortisol elevations
    Lieselotte Ahnert
    Educational and Developmental Psychology, Free University of Berlin, Germany
    Child Dev 75:639-50. 2004
    ..Attachments remained secure or became secure if mothers spent more days adapting their children to child care...
  36. ncbi request reprint Effects of therapeutic interventions for foster children on behavioral problems, caregiver attachment, and stress regulatory neural systems
    Philip A Fisher
    Oregon Social Learning Center, 10 Shelton McMurphey Blvd, Eugene, OR 97401 4928, USA
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1094:215-25. 2006
    ..The interventions under investigation have produced evidence that it is possible to impact many areas that have been negatively affected by early stress, including HPA axis activity, behavior, and attachment to caregivers...
  37. ncbi request reprint Effects of prenatal betamethasone exposure on regulation of stress physiology in healthy premature infants
    Elysia Poggi Davis
    Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, University of California Irvine, City Tower, 333 City Boulevard West, Orange, CA 92868, USA
    Psychoneuroendocrinology 29:1028-36. 2004
    ..These findings suggest that antenatal corticosteroids suppress infants' HPA response to a stressor typically encountered in a neonatal intensive care situation...
  38. ncbi request reprint Developmental changes in baseline cortisol activity in early childhood: relations with napping and effortful control
    Sarah E Watamura
    Department of Human Development, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
    Dev Psychobiol 45:125-33. 2004
    ..These results suggest that circadian regulation of the HPA axis continues to mature into the third year in humans, and that its maturation corresponds to aspects of behavioral development...
  39. ncbi request reprint Foster children's diurnal production of cortisol: an exploratory study
    Mary Dozier
    Department of Psychology, University of Delaware, USA
    Child Maltreat 11:189-97. 2006
    ..These differences suggest that conditions associated with foster care interfere with children's ability to regulate neuroendocrine functioning...
  40. doi request reprint Integrating biological measures into the design and evaluation of preventive interventions
    Dante Cicchetti
    Dev Psychopathol 20:737-43. 2008
  41. pmc Effects of a therapeutic intervention for foster preschoolers on diurnal cortisol activity
    Philip A Fisher
    Oregon Social Learning Center, 10 Shelton McMurphey Boulevard, Eugene, OR 97401, USA
    Psychoneuroendocrinology 32:892-905. 2007
    ..In sum, improvements in caregiving following early adversity appear to have the potential to reverse or prevent disruptions in HPA axis functioning...
  42. ncbi request reprint Rising cortisol at childcare: relations with nap, rest, and temperament
    Sarah E Watamura
    Department in Human Development, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
    Dev Psychobiol 40:33-42. 2002
    ..Factors other than daytime rest periods seem likely to account for the rise in cortisol across the childcare day, possibly factors involving the interactional demands of group settings during this developmental period...
  43. ncbi request reprint Comparing observational software with paper and pencil for time-sampled data: a field test of Interval Manager (INTMAN)
    Jon Tapp
    Vanderbilt University, Vanderbilt Kennedy Center, Peabody Box 74, 230 Appleton Place, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    Behav Res Methods 38:165-9. 2006
    ..Overall, the computer-assisted program was a more efficient and accurate data collection system for time-sampled data than the traditional method...

Research Grants24

  1. Early Experience, Stress Neurobiology & Prevention Sci
    Megan Gunnar; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  2. Developmental Psychobiology of Stress in Children
    Megan Gunnar; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  3. NeuroBehavioral Correlates of Early Deprivation
    Megan Gunnar; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....
  4. Child Developmental Psychopathology
    Megan Gunnar; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..It includes state-of-the-art computer, laboratory, and library facilities, as well as offices for staff, students, and trainees. The faculty includes 16 professors, whose work ranges across the entire discipline. ..
  5. Recovery from Early Life Stress in Children Adopted from Institutions
    Megan R Gunnar; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..abstract_text> ..
  6. Psychobiological studies of stress in young children
    Megan Gunnar; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..We argue that normative developmental research complements and provides basic data necessary for research and theory on developmental psychopathology. ..
  7. ADJUSTMENT OF INTERNATIONALLY ADOPTED CHILDREN
    Megan Gunnar; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..This work will add significantly to our understanding of the health and behavioral sequelae of early adversity and th potential impact of early adversity on stress-sensitive limbic-hypothalamic processes. ..
  8. Recovery from Early Life Stress in Children Adopted from Institutions
    Megan R Gunnar; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..abstract_text> ..