G C Gray

Summary

Affiliation: University of Iowa
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial of oral azithromycin prophylaxis against respiratory infections in a high-risk, young adult population
    G C Gray
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA 92186 5122, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 33:983-9. 2001
  2. pmc The importance of including swine and poultry workers in influenza vaccination programs
    G C Gray
    Center for Emerging Infectious Diseases, Department of Epidemiology, University of Iowa College of Public Health, Iowa City, Iowa, USA
    Clin Pharmacol Ther 82:638-41. 2007
  3. pmc Genotype prevalence and risk factors for severe clinical adenovirus infection, United States 2004-2006
    Gregory C Gray
    Center for Emerging Infectious Diseases, Department of Epidemiology, University of Iowa College of Public Health, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 45:1120-31. 2007
  4. pmc Pandemic influenza planning: shouldn't swine and poultry workers be included?
    Gregory C Gray
    Center for Emerging Infectious Diseases, College of Public Health University of Iowa, 200 Hawkins Drive, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
    Vaccine 25:4376-81. 2007
  5. ncbi request reprint Self-reported symptoms and medical conditions among 11,868 Gulf War-era veterans: the Seabee Health Study
    Gregory C Gray
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 155:1033-44. 2002
  6. pmc Multi-year study of human metapneumovirus infection at a large US Midwestern Medical Referral Center
    Gregory C Gray
    Center for Emerging Infectious Diseases, Department of Epidemiology, University of Iowa College of Public Health, Iowa City, 200 Hawkins Dr, C21 K GH, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
    J Clin Virol 37:269-76. 2006
  7. pmc Human metapneumovirus, Peru
    Gregory C Gray
    University of Iowa College of Public Health, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 12:347-50. 2006
  8. pmc Emergent strain of human adenovirus endemic in Iowa
    Gregory C Gray
    University of Iowa College of Public Health, 200 Hawkins Drive, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 11:127-8. 2005
  9. ncbi request reprint After more than 10 years of Gulf War veteran medical evaluations, what have we learned?
    Gregory C Gray
    Department of Epidemiology, College of Public Health, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, USA
    Am J Prev Med 26:443-52. 2004
  10. doi request reprint Facing pandemic influenza threats: the importance of including poultry and swine workers in preparedness plans
    G C Gray
    Center for Emerging Infectious Diseases, Department of Epidemiology, College of Public Health, University of Iowa, Iowa City 52242, USA
    Poult Sci 88:880-4. 2009

Research Grants

Detail Information

Publications92

  1. ncbi request reprint Randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial of oral azithromycin prophylaxis against respiratory infections in a high-risk, young adult population
    G C Gray
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA 92186 5122, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 33:983-9. 2001
    ..59; 95% CI, 0.34-1.01) or sore throat (OR, 0.66; 95% CI, 0.41-1.05). Compared with benzathine penicillin G prophylaxis, weekly oral azithromycin was superior in preventing respiratory infection in this population at transient high risk...
  2. pmc The importance of including swine and poultry workers in influenza vaccination programs
    G C Gray
    Center for Emerging Infectious Diseases, Department of Epidemiology, University of Iowa College of Public Health, Iowa City, Iowa, USA
    Clin Pharmacol Ther 82:638-41. 2007
    ..Ignoring these workers could result in an increased probability of generating novel viruses, as well as the acceleration of a pandemic's morbidity and mortality...
  3. pmc Genotype prevalence and risk factors for severe clinical adenovirus infection, United States 2004-2006
    Gregory C Gray
    Center for Emerging Infectious Diseases, Department of Epidemiology, University of Iowa College of Public Health, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 45:1120-31. 2007
    ..Recently, epidemiological and clinical data have revealed important changes with regard to clinical adenovirus infection, including alterations in antigenic presentation, geographical distribution, and virulence of the virus...
  4. pmc Pandemic influenza planning: shouldn't swine and poultry workers be included?
    Gregory C Gray
    Center for Emerging Infectious Diseases, College of Public Health University of Iowa, 200 Hawkins Drive, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
    Vaccine 25:4376-81. 2007
    ..They should also be considered for increased surveillance and priority receipt of pandemic vaccines and antivirals...
  5. ncbi request reprint Self-reported symptoms and medical conditions among 11,868 Gulf War-era veterans: the Seabee Health Study
    Gregory C Gray
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 155:1033-44. 2002
    ..5, 2.4). While these data do not implicate a specific etiologic exposure, they demonstrate a strong association and a high prevalence of self-reported multisymptom conditions in a large group of symptomatic Gulf War veterans...
  6. pmc Multi-year study of human metapneumovirus infection at a large US Midwestern Medical Referral Center
    Gregory C Gray
    Center for Emerging Infectious Diseases, Department of Epidemiology, University of Iowa College of Public Health, Iowa City, 200 Hawkins Dr, C21 K GH, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
    J Clin Virol 37:269-76. 2006
    ..Because of its recent identification, few multi-year epidemiologic studies of hMPV infection have been reported...
  7. pmc Human metapneumovirus, Peru
    Gregory C Gray
    University of Iowa College of Public Health, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 12:347-50. 2006
    ..Twelve specimens (2.3%) were positive by multiple assays. Six specimens yielded HMPV isolates. Four of the 6 isolates were of the uncommon B1 genotype...
  8. pmc Emergent strain of human adenovirus endemic in Iowa
    Gregory C Gray
    University of Iowa College of Public Health, 200 Hawkins Drive, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 11:127-8. 2005
    ..By 2002, it had supplanted all other Ad7 genome types. The association of Ad7d2 with severe illness and death calls for heightened public health concern...
  9. ncbi request reprint After more than 10 years of Gulf War veteran medical evaluations, what have we learned?
    Gregory C Gray
    Department of Epidemiology, College of Public Health, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, USA
    Am J Prev Med 26:443-52. 2004
    ..New strategies to identify risk factors for, and to reduce, such postdeployment conditions are summarized...
  10. doi request reprint Facing pandemic influenza threats: the importance of including poultry and swine workers in preparedness plans
    G C Gray
    Center for Emerging Infectious Diseases, Department of Epidemiology, College of Public Health, University of Iowa, Iowa City 52242, USA
    Poult Sci 88:880-4. 2009
    ....
  11. pmc Swine workers and swine influenza virus infections
    Gregory C Gray
    University of Iowa College of Public Health, Iowa City, Iowa, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 13:1871-8. 2007
    ..Study data suggest that swine workers and their nonswine-exposed spouses are at increased risk of zoonotic influenza virus infections...
  12. pmc Evidence for avian influenza A infections among Iowa's agricultural workers
    Gregory C Gray
    Center for Emerging Infectious Diseases, Department of Epidemiology at the University of Iowa s College of Public Health, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
    Influenza Other Respir Viruses 2:61-9. 2008
    ..Identifying risk factors for zoonotic influenza transmission may aid public health officials in pandemic influenza planning...
  13. ncbi request reprint Pharyngeal colonization prevalence rates for Streptococcus pyogenes and Streptococcus pneumoniae in a respiratory chemoprophylaxis intervention study using azithromycin
    S D Putnam
    Department of Preventive Medicine and Environmental Health, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 52241 1008, USA
    Clin Microbiol Infect 6:2-8. 2000
    ..In addition, the minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) for all streptococcal isolates, for azithromycin, penicillin, erythromycin and cefotaxime are reported...
  14. ncbi request reprint National Department of Defense Surveillance for Invasive Streptococcus pneumoniae: antibiotic resistance, serotype distribution, and arbitrarily primed polymerase chain reaction analyses
    M K Hudspeth
    Naval Health Research Center, Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, San Diego, California 92186 5122, USA
    J Infect Dis 184:591-6. 2001
    ..0001). These results are valuable in assessing appropriate use of antibiotics and vaccines against S. pneumoniae in both military personnel and their families...
  15. pmc Preventing zoonotic influenza virus infection
    Alejandro Ramirez
    University of Iowa College of Public Health, Iowa City, Iowa, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 12:996-1000. 2006
    ..Multivariate modeling showed that workers who seldom used gloves (odds ratio [OR] 30.3) or who smoked (OR 18.7) most frequently had evidence of previous H1N1 swine virus. These findings may be valuable in planning for pandemic influenza...
  16. ncbi request reprint Goldenhar syndrome among infants born in military hospitals to Gulf War veterans
    M R Araneta
    Naval Health Research Center, Division of Clinical Epidemiology, San Diego, California 92186 5122, USA
    Teratology 56:244-51. 1997
    ..26, [1-tailed] = 0.16). The few affected cases and the broad confidence intervals surrounding the relative risk require that these results be interpreted with caution and do not exclude chance as an explanation for these findings...
  17. ncbi request reprint Is systemic lupus erythematosus, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, or fibromyalgia associated with Persian Gulf War service? An examination of Department of Defense hospitalization data
    T C Smith
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA 92186 5122, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 151:1053-9. 2000
    ..23, 95% Cl: 1.05, 1.43); however, this risk difference was probably due to the Gulf War veteran clinical evaluation program beginning in 1994. These data do not support Gulf War service and disease associations...
  18. ncbi request reprint Birth defects prevalence among infants of Persian Gulf War veterans born in Hawaii, 1989-1993
    M R Araneta
    DoD Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, California 92186, USA
    Teratology 62:195-204. 2000
    ..To measure the prevalence of selected birth defects among infants of GWVs and nondeployed veterans (NDVs) in Hawaii, using birth defects surveillance records...
  19. doi request reprint Evidence of previous avian influenza infection among US turkey workers
    G Kayali
    Center for Emerging Infectious Diseases, Department of Epidemiology, College of Public Health, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA, USA
    Zoonoses Public Health 57:265-72. 2010
    ..These data further support increasing surveillance and other preparedness efforts to include not only confinement poultry facilities, but more importantly, also small scale farms...
  20. ncbi request reprint The Department of Defense Birth Defects Registry: overview of a new surveillance system
    M A Ryan
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, California 92186, USA
    Teratology 64:S26-9. 2001
    ..To address this concern, the DoD Birth Defects Registry was established at the DoD Center for Deployment Health Research located at the Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, California...
  21. pmc Respiratory diseases among U.S. military personnel: countering emerging threats
    G C Gray
    Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, California 92186 5122, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 5:379-85. 1999
    ..S. military personnel, as well as current treatment and surveillance strategies, limitations in diagnostic testing, and vaccine needs...
  22. pmc Molecular analysis of adenovirus isolates from vaccinated and unvaccinated young adults
    Daniel A Blasiole
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, California 92186 5122, USA
    J Clin Microbiol 42:1686-93. 2004
    ....
  23. doi request reprint Lack of evidence of avian adenovirus infection among turkey workers
    Ghazi Kayali
    Center for Emerging Infectious Diseases, Department of Epidemiology, College of Public Health, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa, USA
    J Agromedicine 14:299-305. 2009
    ..Multivariate modeling revealed no statistical difference in elevated antibody titers against HEV between the two groups. These data do not support the hypothesis that avian adenoviruses cross the species barrier to infect humans...
  24. pmc Are swine workers in the United States at increased risk of infection with zoonotic influenza virus?
    Kendall P Myers
    Center for Emerging Infectious Diseases, Department of Epidemiology, University of Iowa College of Public Health, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 42:14-20. 2006
    ..Pigs have an important role in interspecies transmission of the virus. We examined multiple swine-exposed human populations in the nation's number 1 swine-producing state for evidence of previous swine influenza virus infection...
  25. ncbi request reprint Prospective study of respiratory infections at the U.S. Naval Academy
    G C Gray
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, P O Box 85122, San Diego, CA 92186 5122, USA
    Mil Med 166:759-63. 2001
    ..Study results suggest that respiratory infections were frequent, had a significant adverse impact on training, and were often attributable to bacterial pathogens...
  26. ncbi request reprint Active surveillance of birth defects among U.S. Department of Defense beneficiaries: a feasibility study
    R A Bush
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, P.O. Box 85122, San Diego, CA 92186-5122, USA
    Mil Med 166:179-83. 2001
    ....
  27. pmc PCR analysis of egyptian respiratory adenovirus isolates, including identification of species, serotypes, and coinfections
    David Metzgar
    Naval Health Research Center, P O Box 85122, San Diego, CA 92186 5122, USA
    J Clin Microbiol 43:5743-52. 2005
    ..In particular, coinfections may influence adenoviral evolution, as interserotypic recombination has been identified as a source of emerging strains...
  28. ncbi request reprint Prevalence of birth defects among infants of Gulf War veterans in Arkansas, Arizona, California, Georgia, Hawaii, and Iowa, 1989-1993
    Maria Rosario G Araneta
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research, Center, San Diego, California, USA
    Birth Defects Res A Clin Mol Teratol 67:246-60. 2003
    ..This study was conducted to measure the prevalence of birth defects among infants of GWVs and nondeployed veterans (NDV) in states that conducted active case ascertainment of birth defects between 1989-93...
  29. doi request reprint Prevalence, antibiotic resistance and molecular characterisation of Staphylococcus aureus in pigs at agricultural fairs in the USA
    A E Dressler
    Center for Emerging Infectious Diseases, University of Iowa College of Public Health, 105 River Street S431, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
    Vet Rec 170:495. 2012
    ..These results verify the presence of antibiotic-resistant S aureus in pigs exhibited at USA fairs, suggesting that pigs are a potential reservoir for S aureus within this environment...
  30. pmc Simplified microneutralization test for serotyping adenovirus isolates
    M D Malasig
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, California 92186, USA
    J Clin Microbiol 39:2984-6. 2001
    ..The simplified test has faster turnaround time and was 96% concordant with a confirmatory test using serial dilutions of type-specific sera. This method will find utility in high-volume serotyping work...
  31. pmc Outbreak of influenza in highly vaccinated crew of U.S. Navy ship
    K C Earhart
    Naval Medical Center San Diego, San Diego, California 92134, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 7:463-5. 2001
    ..With an attack rate of 42%, this outbreak demonstrates the potential for rapid spread of influenza in a confined population and the impact subsequent illness may have upon the workplace...
  32. pmc Hospitalizations for unexplained illnesses among U.S. veterans of the Persian Gulf War
    J D Knoke
    Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, California 92186, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 4:211-9. 1998
    ..These findings suggest that active-duty Gulf War veterans did not have excess unexplained illnesses resulting in hospitalization in the 4.67-year period following deployment...
  33. pmc Healthcare utilization and mortality among veterans of the Gulf War
    Gregory C Gray
    Department of Epidemiology, College of Public Health, University of Iowa, Iowa City, 52242, USA
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 361:553-69. 2006
    ....
  34. pmc The Trojan Chicken study, Minnesota
    Sandra R Olson
    University of Iowa College of Public Health, Iowa City, Iowa, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 12:795-9. 2006
    ..76%-14.26%). This contamination and infrequent handwashing practices suggest that county fairs are a possible venue for animal-to-human pathogen transmission...
  35. pmc Avian influenza among waterfowl hunters and wildlife professionals
    James S Gill
    University of Iowa Hygienic Laboratory, 102 Oakdale Campus, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 12:1284-6. 2006
    ..Two laboratory methods showed evidence of past infection with influenza A/H11N9, a less common virus strain in wild ducks, in these 3 persons...
  36. ncbi request reprint Large epidemic of respiratory illness due to adenovirus types 7 and 3 in healthy young adults
    Margaret A K Ryan
    Naval Health Research Center, Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, San Diego, CA, 92186, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 34:577-82. 2002
    ..This was the largest outbreak of respiratory illness due to adenovirus types 7 and 3 documented in recent history, and it portends even greater challenges for young adults in the military in the postvaccine era...
  37. pmc Maximizing power in seroepidemiological studies through the use of the proportional odds model
    Ana W Capuano
    Center for Emerging Infectious Diseases, Department of Epidemiology, University of Iowa College of Public Health, 2501 Crosspark Road, Coralville, IA 52241, USA
    Influenza Other Respir Viruses 1:87-93. 2007
    ..We show why this approach yields superior power to detect risk factors. Additionally, we illustrate the advantages of using the proportional odds model with the analyses of zoonotic influenza antibody titer data...
  38. pmc Cases of swine influenza in humans: a review of the literature
    Kendall P Myers
    Center for Emerging Infectious Diseases, Department of Epidemiology, College of Public Health, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 44:1084-8. 2007
    ..Because prior studies have shown that persons who work with swine are at increased risk of zoonotic influenza virus infection, it is prudent to include them in pandemic planning efforts...
  39. pmc Testing human sera for antibodies against avian influenza viruses: horse RBC hemagglutination inhibition vs. microneutralization assays
    Ghazi Kayali
    Center for Emerging Infectious Diseases, Department of Epidemiology, College of Public Health, University of Iowa, Oakdale Research Park, MTF B145, 2501 Crosspark Road, Coralville, IA 52241 8802, United States
    J Clin Virol 43:73-8. 2008
    ..Recent research suggests that the sensitivity of the HI assay can be improved by switching from the traditionally used turkey, guinea pig, human, or chicken RBCs to horse RBCs...
  40. pmc Infection due to 3 avian influenza subtypes in United States veterinarians
    Kendall P Myers
    Center for Emerging Infectious Diseases, Department of Epidemiology, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242 5000, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 45:4-9. 2007
    ..Pandemic influenza virus strains originate in avian species. We examined veterinarians in the United States for evidence of previous avian influenza virus infection...
  41. pmc Exposure to Streptococcus suis among US swine workers
    Tara C Smith
    University of Iowa College of Public Health, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 14:1925-7. 2008
    ..We studied 73 swine-exposed and 67 non-swine-exposed US adults for antibodies to S. suis serotype 2. Serologic data suggest that human infection with S. suis occurs more frequently than currently documented...
  42. pmc Emergent US adenovirus 3 strains associated with an epidemic and serious disease
    Mark G Lebeck
    Center for Emerging Infectious Diseases, Department of Epidemiology, University of Iowa College of Public Health, Iowa City, IA 52241, USA
    J Clin Virol 46:331-6. 2009
    ..Adenovirus type 3 (HAdV3) is one of the most prevalent serotypes detected globally. Variants of HAdV3 have been associated with outbreaks of severe disease...
  43. pmc Avian influenza and poultry workers, Peru, 2006
    Ernesto J Ortiz
    Center for Emerging Infectious Diseases, Department of Epidemiology, University of Iowa College of Public Health, Iowa City, IA 52241, USA
    Influenza Other Respir Viruses 1:65-9. 2007
    ..In the Americas, home of the world's largest poultry exporters, contingency plans are being developed and evaluated in preparation for the arrival of these viral strains...
  44. pmc Molecular typing of clinical adenovirus specimens by an algorithm which permits detection of adenovirus coinfections and intermediate adenovirus strains
    Troy McCarthy
    Center for Emerging Infectious Diseases, Department of Epidemiology, University of Iowa College of Public Health, Iowa City, IA, USA
    J Clin Virol 46:80-4. 2009
    ..In this report, we propose a clinical algorithm for detecting HAdV coinfection and intermediate strains...
  45. doi request reprint Sexually transmitted infections and prostate cancer among men in the U.S. military
    Leslie K Dennis
    Department of Epidemiology, College of Public Health, University of Iowa, 200 Hawkins Drive C21 G GH, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 18:2665-71. 2009
    ..04; 95% confidence interval, 1.26-3.29; 204 pairs). If this association is causal, then our findings would suggest a long latency period for prostate cancer development after HSV-2 infection...
  46. ncbi request reprint Self-reported reproductive outcomes among male and female 1991 Gulf War era US military veterans
    Timothy S Wells
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA, USA
    Matern Child Health J 10:501-10. 2006
    ..Our objective was to assess whether an association exists between deployment to the 1991 Gulf War and self-reported adverse pregnancy outcomes...
  47. ncbi request reprint Ten years and 100,000 participants later: occupational and other factors influencing participation in US Gulf War health registries
    Tyler C Smith
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, PO Box 85122, San Diego, CA 92186 5122, USA
    J Occup Environ Med 44:758-68. 2002
    ..These findings support the hypothesis that certain occupational factors and wartime exposures may influence subsequent health care-seeking behavior...
  48. ncbi request reprint Conception and pregnancy during the Persian Gulf War: the risk to women veterans
    Maria Rosario G Araneta
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, California, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 14:109-16. 2004
    ..To enumerate Gulf-War (GW) exposed conceptions and to compare reproductive outcomes of GW-exposed pregnancies with postwar conceptions of women Gulf War veterans (GWV) and women nondeployed veterans (NDV)...
  49. ncbi request reprint In-theater hospitalizations of US and allied personnel during the 1991 Gulf War
    Tyler C Smith
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA 92186 5122, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 159:1064-76. 2004
    ..Although these data may be incomplete, they represent the best-known data reflecting in-theater hospitalizations during the Gulf War of 1991 and show remarkable similarities in risk factors to those for postwar hospitalization...
  50. pmc Vaccine-preventable adenoviral respiratory illness in US military recruits, 1999-2004
    Kevin L Russell
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, P O Box 85122, San Diego, CA 92186 5122, USA
    Vaccine 24:2835-42. 2006
    ..Laboratory diagnoses complimented the surveillance efforts...
  51. ncbi request reprint Are Gulf War veterans experiencing illness due to exposure to smoke from Kuwaiti oil well fires? Examination of Department of Defense hospitalization data
    Tyler C Smith
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA 92186 5122, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 155:908-17. 2002
    ..Despite some limitations, these data do not support the hypothesis that Gulf War veterans have an increased risk of postwar morbidity from exposure to Kuwaiti oil-well-fire smoke...
  52. pmc PTSD prevalence, associated exposures, and functional health outcomes in a large, population-based military cohort
    Tyler C Smith
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, P O Box 85122, San Diego, CA 92186 5122, USA
    Public Health Rep 124:90-102. 2009
    ..The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of PTSD symptoms and diagnosis, self-reported exposures, and functional health in a large cross-section of the U.S. military...
  53. ncbi request reprint Gulf War veterans and Iraqi nerve agents at Khamisiyah: postwar hospitalization data revisited
    Tyler C Smith
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA 92186, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 158:457-67. 2003
    ..Veterans possibly exposed to nerve agents released by the Khamisiyah demolition were not found to be at increased risk for hospitalizations from any other chronic diseases nearly 10 years after the Gulf War...
  54. ncbi request reprint Millennium Cohort: enrollment begins a 21-year contribution to understanding the impact of military service
    Margaret A K Ryan
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, P O Box 85122, San Diego, CA 92186 5122, USA
    J Clin Epidemiol 60:181-91. 2007
    ..In response to health concerns of military members about deployment and other service-related exposures, the Department of Defense (DoD) initiated the largest prospective study ever undertaken in the U.S. military...
  55. pmc Complementary and alternative medicine use among US Navy and Marine Corps personnel
    Tyler C Smith
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research at the Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA, USA
    BMC Complement Altern Med 7:16. 2007
    ..In contrast, few studies have examined CAM use within military populations, which have ready access to conventional medicine. Currently, the prevalence and impact of CAM use in US military populations remains unknown...
  56. ncbi request reprint A comparison of the postdeployment hospitalization experience of U.S. military personnel following service in the 1991 Gulf War, Southwest Asia after the Gulf War, and Bosnia
    Besa Smith
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research at the Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, California 92186 5122, USA
    J Occup Environ Hyg 3:660-70. 2006
    ..Although the risk for hospitalization may be associated with regional deployment, it is unlikely that Gulf War veterans are at greater risk of hospitalization due to a specific exposure-related disease...
  57. ncbi request reprint The postwar hospitalization experience of Gulf War veterans participating in U.S. health registries
    Tyler C Smith
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research at the Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA 92186 5122, USA
    J Occup Environ Med 46:386-97. 2004
    ..40-1.46). These findings support the hypothesis that registry participants were more likely to experience postwar morbidity than veterans who chose not to enroll in the health registries...
  58. pmc National Department of Defense surveillance data for antibiotic resistance and emm gene types of clinical group A streptococcal isolates from eight basic training military sites
    Christopher P Barrozo
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, California 92186 5122, USA
    J Clin Microbiol 41:4808-11. 2003
    ..Macrolide resistance was associated with geographic sites and emm type. These data are useful for vaccine development initiatives and antimicrobial treatment considerations...
  59. ncbi request reprint The millennium Cohort Study: a 21-year prospective cohort study of 140,000 military personnel
    Gregory C Gray
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, P O Box 85122, San Diego, CA 92186 5122, USA
    Mil Med 167:483-8. 2002
    ..In addition to revealing changes in veterans' health status over time, the Millennium Cohort Study will serve as a data repository, providing a solid foundation upon which additional epidemiological studies may be constructed...
  60. ncbi request reprint Tuberculosis infection among young adults enlisting in the United States Navy
    Besa Smith
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research at the Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA 92186 5122, USA
    Int J Epidemiol 31:934-9. 2002
    ..Tuberculosis (TB) is a re-emerging infectious disease threat worldwide. To protect the health and readiness of US military personnel, policies exist to screen for and treat latent TB infection at the time of service entrance...
  61. ncbi request reprint A modified rapid method of nucleic acid isolation from suspension of matured virus: applied in restriction analysis of DNA from an adenovirus prototype strain and a patient isolate
    C T Le
    Naval Health Research Center, DoD Center for Deployment Health Research, San Diego, CA 92186-5122, USA
    J Med Microbiol 50:571-4. 2001
    ..The clinical isolate of adenovirus type 7 revealed loss of restriction site for the endonuclease HindIII when compared with the prototype strain...
  62. ncbi request reprint Pneumococcal vaccine to counter emerging infectious disease threat in the military
    J A McKeehan
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA 92186-5122, USA
    Mil Med 166:1087-90. 2001
    ....
  63. doi request reprint A review of published reports regarding zoonotic pathogen infection in veterinarians
    Whitney S Baker
    Center for Emerging Infectious Diseases, Department of Epidemiology, College of Public Health, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52241, USA
    J Am Vet Med Assoc 234:1271-8. 2009
    ..To identify published reports regarding zoonotic pathogen infection among veterinarians...
  64. ncbi request reprint Smallpox vaccination: comparison of self-reported and electronic vaccine records in the millennium cohort study
    Cynthia A LeardMann
    Department of Defense, Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, California, USA
    Hum Vaccin 3:245-51. 2007
    ....
  65. ncbi request reprint When epidemiology meets the Internet: Web-based surveys in the Millennium Cohort Study
    Besa Smith
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA 92186 5122, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 166:1345-54. 2007
    ..Web responders provided more complete contact information, including their e-mail addresses. These results demonstrate the value of survey research conducted over the Internet in concert with traditional mail survey strategies...
  66. ncbi request reprint Halting a pneumococcal pneumonia outbreak among United States Marine Corps trainees
    Nancy F Crum
    Clinical Investigation Department KCA, Naval Medical Center San Diego, 34800 Bob Wilson Drive, Suite 5, San Diego, CA 92134 1005, USA
    Am J Prev Med 25:107-11. 2003
    ..A significant outbreak of S. pneumoniae pneumonia that occurred among Marine recruits is reported here...
  67. doi request reprint Cigarette smoking and military deployment: a prospective evaluation
    Besa Smith
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, California 92106 3521, USA
    Am J Prev Med 35:539-46. 2008
    ..The current study describes new smoking among never-smokers, smoking recidivism among past smokers, and change in daily smoking among smokers in relation to military deployment...
  68. pmc Baseline self reported functional health and vulnerability to post-traumatic stress disorder after combat deployment: prospective US military cohort study
    Cynthia A LeardMann
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, 140 Sylvester Road, San Diego, CA 92106, USA
    BMJ 338:b1273. 2009
    ..To determine if baseline functional health status, as measured by SF-36 (veterans), predicts new onset symptoms or diagnosis of post-traumatic stress disorder among deployed US military personnel with combat exposure...
  69. doi request reprint Self-reported health symptoms and conditions among complementary and alternative medicine users in a large military cohort
    Isabel G Jacobson
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA 92106 3521, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 19:613-22. 2009
    ..To describe medical symptom and condition reporting in relation to complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use among members of the US military...
  70. ncbi request reprint Varicella susceptibility and vaccine use among young adults enlisting in the United States Navy
    Margaret A K Ryan
    US Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, PO Box 85122, San Diego, CA 92186 5122, USA
    J Med Virol 70:S15-9. 2003
    ..S. Navy. Results of serologic screening undertaken on this large number of young adults may be useful in tracking the changing epidemiology of varicella in the general population in the post-vaccine era...
  71. doi request reprint The US Department of Defense Millennium Cohort Study: career span and beyond longitudinal follow-up
    Tyler C Smith
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA 92106 3521, USA
    J Occup Environ Med 51:1193-201. 2009
    ..To describe current and future career-span health research in the US Department of Defense Millennium Cohort Study...
  72. doi request reprint Prior assault and posttraumatic stress disorder after combat deployment
    Tyler C Smith
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA 92186 5122, USA
    Epidemiology 19:505-12. 2008
    ..The objective of this study was to prospectively examine the relation between prior assault and new-onset PTSD symptoms in a large US military cohort deployed in the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan...
  73. ncbi request reprint Prevalence of symptoms and symptom-based conditions among Gulf War veterans: current status of research findings
    Drue H Barrett
    National Center for Environmental Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Epidemiol Rev 24:218-27. 2002
  74. pmc Global genetic diversity of human metapneumovirus fusion gene
    Guy Boivin
    Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Quebec and Laval University, Sainte Foy, Quebec City, Canada
    Emerg Infect Dis 10:1154-7. 2004
    ..Although group A strains predominated, accounting for 69% of all strains, as many B as A strains were found in persons >3 years of age...
  75. pmc Confined animal feeding operations as amplifiers of influenza
    Roberto A Saenz
    Department of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK
    Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis 6:338-46. 2006
    ..A human influenza epidemic due to a new virus could be locally amplified by the presence of confined animal feeding operations in the community. Thus vaccination of CAFO workers would be an effective use of a pandemic vaccine...
  76. ncbi request reprint Assessing the potential health impact of the 1991 Gulf War on Saudi Arabian National Guard soldiers
    Gary D Gackstetter
    Department of Preventive Medicine and Biometrics, Room A1044, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, 4301 Jones Bridge Road, Bethesda, MD 20814 4799, USA
    Int J Epidemiol 34:801-8. 2005
    ..Although post-war health outcomes have been studied in US, British, Canadian, Danish, and other deployed troops, this issue has not been previously evaluated in coalition forces native to the Gulf region...
  77. doi request reprint Prior health care utilization as a potential determinant of enrollment in a 21-year prospective study, the Millennium Cohort Study
    Timothy S Wells
    Biomechanics Branch, Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright Patterson Air Force Base, Building 824, Dayton, OH, USA
    Eur J Epidemiol 23:79-87. 2008
    ....
  78. ncbi request reprint Upper respiratory tract infections (URI)
    Matthew L Lim
    Mil Med 169:xv-xvi. 2004
  79. pmc Acetylcholinesterase inhibition and Gulf War illnesses: conclusions are not supported by independent reviews of the same evidence
    Dan Blazer
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:E20. 2008
  80. pmc Human metapneumovirus in turkey poults
    Binu T Velayudhan
    University of Minnesota, Saint Paul, MN 55108, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 12:1853-9. 2006
    ..Detailed investigation of cross-species pathogenicity of hMPV and aMPV and its importance for human and animal health is needed...
  81. pmc Adenovirus transmission--worthy of our attention
    Gregory C Gray
    J Infect Dis 194:871-3. 2006
  82. pmc Molecular epidemiology of adenovirus type 7 in the United States, 1966-2000
    Dean D Erdman
    Divivion of Viral ans Ricksettial Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Mailstio G 09, 1600 Clifton Road, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 8:269-77. 2002
    ..The appearance of Ad7d2 and Ad7h in North America represents recent introduction of these viruses from previously geographically restricted areas and may herald a shift in predominant genome type circulating in the United States...
  83. ncbi request reprint An outbreak of pneumococcal pneumonia among military personnel at high risk: control by low-dose azithromycin postexposure chemoprophylaxis
    Jose L Sanchez
    Epidemiology Services, Directorate of Epidemiology and Disease Surveillance, U S Army Center for Health Promotion and Preventive Medicine, 5158 Blackhawk Road, Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD 21010 5403, USA
    Mil Med 168:1-6. 2003
    ..02-4.02, p = 0.05). The outbreak was controlled by administrating lowdose, oral azithromycin prophylaxis (250 mg weekly for 2 weeks) and was associated with a 69% reduction in pneumococcal carriage and a 94% reduction in pneumonia rates...
  84. ncbi request reprint Two regimens of azithromycin prophylaxis against community-acquired respiratory and skin/soft-tissue infections among military trainees
    Igor A Guchev
    Respiratory Disease Unit of the Military Hospital, Smolensk, Russia
    Clin Infect Dis 38:1095-101. 2004
    ....
  85. ncbi request reprint Cognitive behavioral therapy and aerobic exercise for Gulf War veterans' illnesses: a randomized controlled trial
    Sam T Donta
    VA Medical Center, Boston, Mass, USA
    JAMA 289:1396-404. 2003
    ..Gulf War veterans' illnesses (GWVI), multisymptom illnesses characterized by persistent pain, fatigue, and cognitive symptoms, have been reported by many Gulf War veterans. There are currently no effective therapies available to treat GWVI...
  86. ncbi request reprint Symptomatic respiratory syncytial virus infection in previously healthy young adults living in a crowded military environment
    Matthew K O'Shea
    Institute of Naval Medicine, Alverstoke, Gosport, Hampshire, United Kingdom
    Clin Infect Dis 41:311-7. 2005
    ....
  87. ncbi request reprint Myopericarditis following smallpox vaccination among vaccinia-naive US military personnel
    Jeffrey S Halsell
    The University of Virginia, Charlottesville, USA
    JAMA 289:3283-9. 2003
    ..Although many viruses have been reported to cause myopericarditis, it has been a rare or unrecognized event after vaccination with the currently used strain of vaccinia virus (New York City Board of Health)...
  88. ncbi request reprint Increased evidence of testicular cancer among veterans of the 1991 Gulf War
    Gregory C Gray
    Mil Med 170:11, 394. 2005
  89. doi request reprint Monitoring the safety of a smallpox vaccination program in the United States: report of the joint Smallpox Vaccine Safety Working Group of the advisory committee on immunization practices and the Armed Forces Epidemiological Board
    John Neff
    Children s Hospital and Regional Medical Center, Seattle, Washington, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 46:S258-70. 2008
    ..The SVS WG concurs with recommendations to defer from vaccination any person with >/=3 ischemic cardiac disease risk factors...
  90. ncbi request reprint Self-reported adverse health events following smallpox vaccination in a large prospective study of US military service members
    Timothy S Wells
    Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio 45433, USA
    Hum Vaccin 4:127-33. 2008
    ..These findings complement studies that utilize other data sources, such as electronic hospitalization records, and may be reassuring to health care providers and those who receive the smallpox vaccination...
  91. ncbi request reprint Saudi Arabia-United States collaboration in health research: a formula for success
    Tomoko I Hooper
    Department of Preventive Medicine and Biometrics, Uniformed Services University, Bethesda, Maryland 20814 4799, USA
    Am J Infect Control 33:192-6. 2005
    ..By paying particular attention to distinct social and religious customs, geopolitical differences, and unique aspects of the health care system, we achieved a successful international collaboration in health research...
  92. pmc Challenges of self-reported medical conditions and electronic medical records among members of a large military cohort
    Besa Smith
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research at the Naval Health Research Center, USA
    BMC Med Res Methodol 8:37. 2008
    ..Self-reported diagnoses may differ from medical record diagnoses due to poor patient-clinician communication, self-diagnosis in the absence of a satisfactory explanation for symptoms, or the "health literacy" of the patient...

Research Grants2

  1. Human Metapneumovirus in High Risk Populations
    Gregory Gray; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..These data will facilitate the development of more comprehensive epidemiological studies, and guide future intervention studies in reducing HMPV morbidity. ..
  2. Population-based Surveillance for Zoonotic Influenza A
    Gregory Gray; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..We are particularly well suited to conduct this work as we have extensive experience conducting both epidemiological and laboratory-based studies of respiratory pathogens. ..