Vicente Gilsanz

Summary

Affiliation: University of Southern California
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Fat mass is not beneficial to bone in adolescents and young adults
    Agnieszka Janicka
    Childrens Hospital Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California 90027, USA
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 92:143-7. 2007
  2. ncbi request reprint Assessing bone mass in children and adolescents
    Tishya A L Wren
    Childrens Hospital Los Angeles, Department of Radiology, MS 81, 4650 Sunset Boulevard, Los Angeles, CA 90027, USA
    Curr Osteoporos Rep 4:153-8. 2006
  3. ncbi request reprint Assessment of bone acquisition in childhood and adolescence
    Vicente Gilsanz
    Radiology Department, Childrens Hospital Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California 90027, USA
    Pediatrics 119:S145-9. 2007
  4. pmc Developments in the imaging of brown adipose tissue and its associations with muscle, puberty, and health in children
    Houchun H Hu
    Departments of Radiology and Pediatrics, Children s Hospital of Los Angeles, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California Los Angeles, CA, USA
    Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 2:33. 2011
  5. pmc Differential effect of marrow adiposity and visceral and subcutaneous fat on cardiovascular risk in young, healthy adults
    N Di Iorgi
    Department of Radiology, Childrens Hospital, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90027, USA
    Int J Obes (Lond) 32:1854-60. 2008
  6. pmc Relevance of brown adipose tissue in infancy and adolescence
    Vicente Gilsanz
    Department of Radiology, Children s Hospital Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    Pediatr Res 73:3-9. 2013
  7. doi request reprint The depiction of brown adipose tissue is related to disease status in pediatric patients with lymphoma
    Vicente Gilsanz
    Department of Radiology, Children s Hospital Los Angeles, Keck School of Medicine, CA 90027, USA
    AJR Am J Roentgenol 198:909-13. 2012
  8. pmc Changes in brown adipose tissue in boys and girls during childhood and puberty
    Vicente Gilsanz
    Department of Radiology, Children s Hospital Los Angeles, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90027, USA
    J Pediatr 160:604-609.e1. 2012
  9. pmc Vitamin D status and its relation to muscle mass and muscle fat in young women
    Vicente Gilsanz
    Department of Radiology, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California 90027, USA
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 95:1595-601. 2010
  10. ncbi request reprint Low-level, high-frequency mechanical signals enhance musculoskeletal development of young women with low BMD
    Vicente Gilsanz
    Department of Radiology, Childrens Hospital of Los Angeles, University of Southern California, Keck School of Medicine, Los Angeles, California 90027, USA
    J Bone Miner Res 21:1464-74. 2006

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications55

  1. ncbi request reprint Fat mass is not beneficial to bone in adolescents and young adults
    Agnieszka Janicka
    Childrens Hospital Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California 90027, USA
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 92:143-7. 2007
    ..Although muscle mass is beneficial to bone, studies on the effect of fat mass on bone have yielded conflicting results...
  2. ncbi request reprint Assessing bone mass in children and adolescents
    Tishya A L Wren
    Childrens Hospital Los Angeles, Department of Radiology, MS 81, 4650 Sunset Boulevard, Los Angeles, CA 90027, USA
    Curr Osteoporos Rep 4:153-8. 2006
    ..Further research is needed to relate these measures to osteoporosis in the elderly and to short-term and long-term fracture risk...
  3. ncbi request reprint Assessment of bone acquisition in childhood and adolescence
    Vicente Gilsanz
    Radiology Department, Childrens Hospital Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California 90027, USA
    Pediatrics 119:S145-9. 2007
    ....
  4. pmc Developments in the imaging of brown adipose tissue and its associations with muscle, puberty, and health in children
    Houchun H Hu
    Departments of Radiology and Pediatrics, Children s Hospital of Los Angeles, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California Los Angeles, CA, USA
    Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 2:33. 2011
    ....
  5. pmc Differential effect of marrow adiposity and visceral and subcutaneous fat on cardiovascular risk in young, healthy adults
    N Di Iorgi
    Department of Radiology, Childrens Hospital, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90027, USA
    Int J Obes (Lond) 32:1854-60. 2008
    ..While the negative associations between visceral fat (VF) or subcutaneous fat (SF) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risks are well known, the relation between marrow fat (MF) and metabolic risk is unexplored...
  6. pmc Relevance of brown adipose tissue in infancy and adolescence
    Vicente Gilsanz
    Department of Radiology, Children s Hospital Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    Pediatr Res 73:3-9. 2013
    ..In this review, we discuss the potential role of this tissue in regulating weight and musculoskeletal development in children...
  7. doi request reprint The depiction of brown adipose tissue is related to disease status in pediatric patients with lymphoma
    Vicente Gilsanz
    Department of Radiology, Children s Hospital Los Angeles, Keck School of Medicine, CA 90027, USA
    AJR Am J Roentgenol 198:909-13. 2012
    ..The objective of our study was to determine whether the depiction of brown adipose tissue (BAT) in PET/CT studies of pediatric patients with lymphoma is related to disease status...
  8. pmc Changes in brown adipose tissue in boys and girls during childhood and puberty
    Vicente Gilsanz
    Department of Radiology, Children s Hospital Los Angeles, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90027, USA
    J Pediatr 160:604-609.e1. 2012
    ..To characterize the changes in brown adipose tissue (BAT) occurring during puberty in boys and girls...
  9. pmc Vitamin D status and its relation to muscle mass and muscle fat in young women
    Vicente Gilsanz
    Department of Radiology, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California 90027, USA
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 95:1595-601. 2010
    ..Vitamin D insufficiency has now reached epidemic proportions and has been linked to increased body fat and decreased muscle strength. Whether vitamin D insufficiency is also related to adipose tissue infiltration in muscle is not known...
  10. ncbi request reprint Low-level, high-frequency mechanical signals enhance musculoskeletal development of young women with low BMD
    Vicente Gilsanz
    Department of Radiology, Childrens Hospital of Los Angeles, University of Southern California, Keck School of Medicine, Los Angeles, California 90027, USA
    J Bone Miner Res 21:1464-74. 2006
    ..Twelve months of this noninvasive signal, induced as whole body vibration for at least 2 minutes each day, increased bone and muscle mass in the axial skeleton and lower extremities compared with controls...
  11. pmc Functional brown adipose tissue is related to muscle volume in children and adolescents
    Vicente Gilsanz
    Department of Radiology, Children s Hospital Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90027, USA
    J Pediatr 158:722-6. 2011
    ..We examined whether the depiction of brown adipose tissue (BAT) with positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) in pediatric patients is associated with anthropometric measures...
  12. pmc Quantitative CT reference values for vertebral trabecular bone density in children and young adults
    Vicente Gilsanz
    Department of Radiology, Childrens Hospital Los Angeles, 4650 Sunset Blvd, MS 81, Los Angeles, CA 90027, USA
    Radiology 250:222-7. 2009
    ..To determine normative reference values for vertebral trabecular bone density (TBD) obtained by using quantitative computed tomography (CT) in healthy white children, teenagers, and young adults of both sexes...
  13. doi request reprint Age at onset of puberty predicts bone mass in young adulthood
    Vicente Gilsanz
    Children s Hospital Los Angeles, Department of Radiology, Los Angeles, CA 90027, USA
    J Pediatr 158:100-5, 105.e1-2. 2011
    ..To determine whether the commencement and length of puberty influences dual x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) values of bone mineral content (BMC) and bone mineral density (BMD) in the axial and appendicular skeleton at skeletal maturity...
  14. pmc Reciprocal relations of subcutaneous and visceral fat to bone structure and strength
    Vicente Gilsanz
    Department of Radiology, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California 90027, USA
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 94:3387-93. 2009
    ..Increased body fat is a risk factor for cardiovascular and metabolic disease, yet it is uncertain whether obesity protects against osteoporosis or adiposity is harmful to bone...
  15. ncbi request reprint Differential effect of gender on hepatic fat
    Vicente Gilsanz
    Department of Radiology, MS 81, Children s Hospital Los Angeles, USC, Keck School of Medicine, 4650 Sunset Blvd, Los Angeles, CA 90027, USA
    Pediatr Radiol 41:1146-53. 2011
    ..There are discrepant data on whether men or women have a higher risk for hepatic steatosis...
  16. pmc Bone acquisition in healthy young females is reciprocally related to marrow adiposity
    Natascia Di Iorgi
    Department of Radiology, Childrens Hospital Los Angeles, 4650 Sunset Boulevard, Los Angeles, California 90027, USA
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 95:2977-82. 2010
    ..Considerable evidence indicates that osteoblasts and adipocytes share a common progenitor cell in the bone marrow that is capable of mutually exclusive differentiation into the cell lineages responsible for bone and fat formation...
  17. doi request reprint Bone marrow fat is inversely related to cortical bone in young and old subjects
    Tishya A L Wren
    Department of Radiology, Childrens Hospital Los Angeles, MS 81, 4650 Sunset Boulevard, Los Angeles, California 90027, USA
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 96:782-6. 2011
    ..Using magnetic resonance imaging, we examined whether the relation between the amount of marrow fat and cortical bone is present at multiple sites along the diaphyses of the long bones of young and old males and females...
  18. ncbi request reprint Bone acquisition in healthy children and adolescents: comparisons of dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry and computed tomography measures
    Tishya A L Wren
    Department of Orthopedics, MS 81, 4650 Sunset Boulevard, Los Angeles, California 90027, USA
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 90:1925-8. 2005
    ..Use of DXA BMD would be reasonable if adjustments for body size, pubertal status, and skeletal maturity are made, but these additional assessments add significant complexity to the studies...
  19. doi request reprint Adiposity predicts carotid intima-media thickness in healthy children and adolescents
    Steven D Mittelman
    Department of Pediatrics, Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism, Children s Hospital Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90027, USA
    J Pediatr 156:592-7.e2. 2010
    ....
  20. pmc Reciprocal relation between marrow adiposity and the amount of bone in the axial and appendicular skeleton of young adults
    Natascia Di Iorgi
    Department of Radiology, Children s Hospital Los Angeles, 4650 Sunset Boulevard, Los Angeles, CA 90027, USA
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 93:2281-6. 2008
    ..To address this question and avoid the confounding effect of bone loss, we examined teenagers and young adults...
  21. ncbi request reprint Bone densitometry in pediatric populations: discrepancies in the diagnosis of osteoporosis by DXA and CT
    Tishya A L Wren
    Department of Radiology, Division of Orthopaedics, Children s Hospital Los Angeles, California, USA
    J Pediatr 146:776-9. 2005
    ..This study compared bone density values obtained by DXA with those from computed tomography (CT), which is not influenced by body or skeletal size...
  22. ncbi request reprint Timing of peak bone mass: discrepancies between CT and DXA
    Tishya A L Wren
    Children s Hospital Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California 90027, USA
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 92:938-41. 2007
    ..The time of life in which peak bone mass in the axial skeleton is attained has been the subject of considerable controversy, with estimates ranging from the time of sexual and skeletal maturity to the fifth decade of life...
  23. pmc Comparison of brown and white adipose tissues in infants and children with chemical-shift-encoded water-fat MRI
    Houchun H Hu
    Department of Radiology, Children s Hospital Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, USA
    J Magn Reson Imaging 38:885-96. 2013
    ..To compare fat-signal fractions (FFs) and T2* values between brown (BAT) and white (WAT) adipose tissue located within the supraclavicular fossa and subcutaneous depots, respectively...
  24. pmc Bone density and size in ambulatory children with cerebral palsy
    Tishya Al Wren
    Children s Orthopaedic Center, Children s Hospital Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90027, USA
    Dev Med Child Neurol 53:137-41. 2011
    ..To examine the relation of axial and appendicular bone properties in ambulatory children with cerebral palsy (CP) to functional (Gross Motor Function Classification System [GMFCS]) level...
  25. pmc Racial disparity in fracture risk between white and nonwhite children in the United States
    Tishya A L Wren
    Departments of Orthopaedic Surgery and Radiology, Children s Hospital Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90027, USA
    J Pediatr 161:1035-40. 2012
    ..To examine risk factors for fracture in a racially diverse cohort of healthy children in the US...
  26. pmc Effect of high-frequency, low-magnitude vibration on bone and muscle in children with cerebral palsy
    Tishya A L Wren
    Childrens Orthopaedic Center, Childrens Hospital, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90027, USA
    J Pediatr Orthop 30:732-8. 2010
    ..The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of this intervention on bone and muscle in children with CP...
  27. pmc Longitudinal tracking of dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry bone measures over 6 years in children and adolescents: persistence of low bone mass to maturity
    Tishya A L Wren
    Children s Hospital Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA Electronic address
    J Pediatr 164:1280-5.e2. 2014
    ..This prospective longitudinal multicenter study examined tracking of bone measures in children and adolescents over 6 years to sexual and skeletal maturity...
  28. pmc Inverse association between brown adipose tissue activation and white adipose tissue accumulation in successfully treated pediatric malignancy
    James S Chalfant
    Department of Radiology, Children s Hospital Los Angeles, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 95:1144-9. 2012
    ..Although the accumulation of white adipose tissue (WAT) is a risk factor for disease, brown adipose tissue (BAT) has been suggested to have a protective role against obesity...
  29. ncbi request reprint Obesity and fat quantification in lean tissues using three-point Dixon MR imaging
    Arzu Kovanlikaya
    Department of Radiology, Children s Hospital of Los Angeles, 4650 Sunset Blvd, Los Angeles, CA 90027, USA
    Pediatr Radiol 35:601-7. 2005
    ..It has been suggested that increased hepatic and intramuscular fat is associated with insulin resistance, and that increased pancreatic fat is related to impaired insulin secretion...
  30. ncbi request reprint Bone measures in HIV-1 infected children and adolescents: disparity between quantitative computed tomography and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry measurements
    Pisit Pitukcheewanont
    Division of Endocrinology, Department of Pediatrics, Children s Hospital Los Angeles, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90027, USA
    Osteoporos Int 16:1393-6. 2005
    ..In contrast, vertebral BD measurements by CT are normal. The lower bone measurements were primarily due to the decreased bone and body size of the HIV-1 subjects...
  31. pmc Contribution of the vertebral posterior elements in anterior-posterior DXA spine scans in young subjects
    David C Lee
    Orthopaedic Center, Childrens Hospital, Los Angeles, California, USA
    J Bone Miner Res 24:1398-403. 2009
    ..We conclude that DXA BMC provides a measure of bone that is most consistent with QCT and that the contribution of the posterior elements is consistent in young subjects after sexual maturity...
  32. ncbi request reprint Repeatability of chemical-shift-encoded water-fat MRI and diffusion-tensor imaging in lower extremity muscles in children
    Skorn Ponrartana
    1 Department of Radiology, Children s Hospital Los Angeles, MS 81, 4650 Sunset Blvd, Los Angeles, CA 90027
    AJR Am J Roentgenol 202:W567-73. 2014
    ..The purpose of this study was to assess the repeatability of water-fat MRI and diffusion-tensor imaging (DTI) as quantitative biomarkers of pediatric lower extremity skeletal muscle...
  33. doi request reprint Effect of gender on intra-abdominal fat in teenagers and young adults
    Sandra A Chung
    Department of Radiology, MS 81, Childrens Hospital Los Angeles, USC, Keck School of Medicine, 4650 Sunset Blvd, Los Angeles, CA 90027, USA
    Pediatr Radiol 41:469-75. 2011
    ..However, the time when this gender difference appears is a matter of controversy...
  34. ncbi request reprint Limitations of peripheral quantitative computed tomography metaphyseal bone density measurements
    David C Lee
    Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California 90089, USA
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 92:4248-53. 2007
    ..Large variations in bone morphology associated with skeletal development may limit the interpretation of pediatric pQCT studies based on a single slice...
  35. ncbi request reprint Low cortical bone density measured by computed tomography in children and adolescents with untreated hyperthyroidism
    Nawaporn Numbenjapon
    Center for Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism, Department of Pediatrics, Childrens Hospital Los Angeles, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90027, USA
    J Pediatr 150:527-30. 2007
    ..To determine whether increased thyroid hormones levels have an effect on various bone components (cortical vs cancellous bone)...
  36. pmc Brown adipose tissue and its relationship to bone structure in pediatric patients
    Skorn Ponrartana
    Department of Radiology, Viterbi School of Engineering, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California 90027, USA
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 97:2693-8. 2012
    ..Emerging evidence suggests a possible link between brown adipose tissue (BAT) and bone metabolism...
  37. ncbi request reprint Bone, muscle, and fat: sex-related differences in prepubertal children
    Kiumars Arfai
    Department of Radiology, Childrens Hospital Los Angeles, 4650 Sunset Blvd, Mail Stop 81, Los Angeles, CA 90027, USA
    Radiology 224:338-44. 2002
    ..To determine whether there are sex-related differences in vertebral cross-sectional dimensions, in paraspinous muscle area, and in the amount of fat in the subcutaneous and visceral compartments of prepubertal boys and girls...
  38. pmc Age-based reference ranges for annual height velocity in US children
    Andrea Kelly
    Department of Pediatrics A K, B S Z, Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104 Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development K K W, Bethesda, Maryland 20892 Department of Pediatrics H K, Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio 45229 Department of Pediatrics S E O, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, New York 10032 Department of Medicine J L, Creighton University, Omaha, Nebraska 68102 and Departments of Orthopaedic Surgery and Radiology V G, Children s Hospital Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California 90027
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 99:2104-12. 2014
    ..We present empirically acquired, age-specific reference ranges for HV from a contemporary sample of US youth. Study..
  39. pmc MRI detection of brown adipose tissue with low fat content in newborns with hypothermia
    Houchun H Hu
    Radiology, Children s Hospital Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA Electronic address
    Magn Reson Imaging 32:107-17. 2014
    ..To report the observation of brown adipose tissue (BAT) with low fat content in neonates with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) after they have undergone hypothermia therapy...
  40. ncbi request reprint Aortic calcification and the risk of osteoporosis and fractures
    Eloy Schulz
    Department of Radiology, MS 81, 4650 Sunset Boulevard, Los Angeles, California 90027, USA
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 89:4246-53. 2004
    ..Smaller, but highly significant differences were also found between all other quartiles. We conclude that aortic calcifications are a strong predictor for low bone density and fragility fractures...
  41. pmc Differential computed tomographic attenuation of metabolically active and inactive adipose tissues: preliminary findings
    Houchun Harry Hu
    Department of Radiology, Children s Hospital of Los Angeles, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90027, USA
    J Comput Assist Tomogr 35:65-71. 2011
    ..Hounsfield units of active brown fat were more positive (P < 0.001) than inactive fat (-62.4 ± 5.3 vs -86.7 ± 7.0) and the difference was observed in both males and females...
  42. doi request reprint Reproducibility of carotid intima-media thickness measurements in young adults
    Jaime Gonzalez
    Department of Radiology, Children s Hospital Los Angeles, MS No 81, 4650 Sunset Blvd, Los Angeles, CA 90027, USA
    Radiology 247:465-71. 2008
    ....
  43. pmc Brown adipose tissue in the buccal fat pad during infancy
    Skorn Ponrartana
    Department of Radiology, Children s Hospital Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 9:e89533. 2014
    ..To date, no conclusive evidence has been provided as to the composition of the BFP in early postnatal life...
  44. pmc Optimal monitoring time interval between DXA measures in children
    John A Shepherd
    Department of Radiology, Bone and Breast Density Research Group, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA
    J Bone Miner Res 26:2745-52. 2011
    ..MTI was neither useful nor stable in late adolescence and young adulthood. Alternative criteria to determine scan intervals must be used in this age range...
  45. ncbi request reprint Pediatric DXA bone measurements
    Monique M Sanchez
    Department of Radiology, Childrens Hospital Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90027, USA
    Pediatr Endocrinol Rev 2:337-41. 2005
    ..This paper gives a brief overview of how DXA works, calibration issues, efficacy, safety, and test interpretation...
  46. ncbi request reprint Three-point technique of fat quantification of muscle tissue as a marker of disease progression in Duchenne muscular dystrophy: preliminary study
    Tishya A L Wren
    Department of Radiology, Children s Hospital Los Angeles, 4650 Sunset Blvd, MS 81, Los Angeles, CA 90027, USA
    AJR Am J Roentgenol 190:W8-12. 2008
    ..The purpose of this study was to examine whether muscle lipid infiltration measured with the three-point Dixon MRI technique has value as a marker of disease severity...
  47. ncbi request reprint Fat quantification using three-point dixon technique: in vitro validation
    Arzu Kovanlikaya
    Department of Radiology at Childrens Hospital Los Angeles, 4650 Sunset Blvd, Los Angeles, CA 90027, USA
    Acad Radiol 12:636-9. 2005
    ..To test the repeatability, reproducibility and accuracy of the three-point Dixon (3PD) sequence for estimating true fat volume ratios using a fat/water phantom...
  48. pmc Unequivocal identification of brown adipose tissue in a human infant
    Houchun H Hu
    Department of Radiology, Children s Hospital of Los Angeles, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California Los Angeles, California, USA
    J Magn Reson Imaging 35:938-42. 2012
    ..Current findings suggest that BAT is present in significant amounts in children and that MRI and CT can differentiate BAT from WAT based on intrinsic tissue properties...
  49. ncbi request reprint Quantitative computed tomography measurements of bone mineral density in prepubertal children with congenital hypothyroidism treated with L-thyroxine
    Pisit Pitukcheewanont
    Division of Endocrinology, Department of Pediatrics, Childrens Hospital Los Angeles, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90027, USA
    J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab 17:889-93. 2004
    ..In pre-pubertal children with CH, LT4 appears to have no significant effect on BD. Moreover, absence or hypoplasia of the thyroid parenchyma appears to have no significant impact on bone formation within the first 10 years of life...
  50. doi request reprint Premature carotid artery disease in pediatric cancer survivors treated with neck irradiation
    Kathleen A Meeske
    Department of Pediatrics, Keck School of Medicine of the University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, USA
    Pediatr Blood Cancer 53:615-21. 2009
    ..The purpose of this study is to determine if carotid disease is more prevalent among pediatric cancer survivors treated with neck irradiation than among healthy controls...
  51. pmc Characterization of human brown adipose tissue by chemical-shift water-fat MRI
    Houchun H Hu
    Department of Radiology, Children s Hospital Los Angeles, 4650 Sunset Blvd, MS 81, Los Angeles, California 90027, USA
    AJR Am J Roentgenol 200:177-83. 2013
    ....
  52. doi request reprint Quantitative computed tomography assessment of transfusional iron overload
    John C Wood
    Division of Paediatric Cardiology, Department of Paediatrics, Children s Hospital Los Angeles, CA 90027, USA
    Br J Haematol 153:780-5. 2011
    ....
  53. ncbi request reprint The state of pediatric bone: summary of the ASBMR pediatric bone initiative
    Gordon L Klein
    University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, USA
    J Bone Miner Res 20:2075-81. 2005
  54. ncbi request reprint Establishment of peak bone mass
    Stefano Mora
    Laboratory of Pediatric Endocrinology, Scientific Institute H San Raffaele, Milan, Italy
    Endocrinol Metab Clin North Am 32:39-63. 2003
    ....
  55. ncbi request reprint The bone mineral density in childhood study: bone mineral content and density according to age, sex, and race
    Heidi J Kalkwarf
    Division of General and Community Pediatrics, Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH 45229, USA
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 92:2087-99. 2007
    ..Low bone mass may increase risk of fracture. Several chronic medical conditions, medications, and lifestyle factors affect bone mineral accrual. Appropriate reference values are essential for identification of children with bone deficits...