Affiliation: University of Pittsburgh
- Patients' revisions of their beliefs about the need for hospitalizationW Gardner
Department of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, PA 15213, USA
Am J Psychiatry 156:1385-91. 1999..The authors examine how patients changed their evaluations of psychiatric hospitalization following hospital treatment...
- Primary care treatment of pediatric psychosocial problems: A study from pediatric research in office settings and ambulatory sentinel practice networkW Gardner
Center for Research on Health Care Data Center, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213 2593, USA
Pediatrics 106:E44. 2000..How is primary care treatment of children's psychosocial problems affected by child symptoms, physician training, practice structure, insurance, physician/patient relationship, and family demographics?..
- Does the family APGAR effectively measure family functioning?W Gardner
Department of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, CRHC Data Center, Montefiore University Hospital, Pennsylvania 15213 2593, USA
J Fam Pract 50:19-25. 2001..The Family APGAR has been widely used to study the relationship of family function and health problems in family practice offices...
- Multidimensional adaptive testing for mental health problems in primary careWilliam Gardner
University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pennsylvania, USA
Med Care 40:812-23. 2002..An alternative is adaptive testing, in which a computer selects the items to be asked of a patient based on the patient's previous responses. This research used a simulation to test a child mental health screen based on this technology...
- Child sex differences in primary care clinicians' mental health care of children and adolescentsWilliam Gardner
Center for Research on Health Care Data Center, 1212 Lilliane Kaufmann Bldg, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 2593, USA
Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 156:454-9. 2002..Sex differences in the medical and mental health care of adults are well established...
- Primary care clinicians' use of standardized tools to assess child psychosocial problemsWilliam Gardner
Department of Medicine and Center for Research on Health Care, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 2593, USA
Ambul Pediatr 3:191-5. 2003..This study investigated primary care clinicians' (PCCs) use of standardized tools for psychosocial problems among children in whom they reported finding a problem...
- Physician gender and psychosocial care for children: attitudes, practice characteristics, identification, and treatmentS H Scholle
Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA
Med Care 39:26-38. 2001..To examine differences by physician gender in the identification and treatment of childhood psychosocial problems...
- A randomized trial to improve the quality of treatment for panic and generalized anxiety disorders in primary careBruce L Rollman
Division of General Internal Medicine, Center for Research on Health Care, Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, 230 McKee Place, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
Arch Gen Psychiatry 62:1332-41. 2005..Panic disorder and generalized anxiety disorder are prevalent in primary care, associated with poor functional outcomes, and are often unrecognized and ineffectively treated by primary care physicians...
- Substance use and community violence: a test of the relation at the daily levelEdward P Mulvey
Western Psychiatric Institute and Clinic, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 2593, USA
J Consult Clin Psychol 74:743-54. 2006..Implications for the utility of substance use as a risk marker for the assessment of future violence are discussed...
- Neurobehavioral disinhibition in childhood predicts early age at onset of substance use disorderRalph E Tarter
University of Pittsburgh, Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA
Am J Psychiatry 160:1078-85. 2003....
- Race, quality of depression care, and recovery from major depression in a primary care settingBruce L Rollman
Division of General Internal Medicine, Center for Research on Health Care, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
Gen Hosp Psychiatry 24:381-90. 2002..We found little racial variation in either process measures or clinical outcomes for depression in our sample of African-American and Caucasian primary care patients...
- Increased IgG 3:4 ratios in adolescent antisocial females: evidence of Th1/Th2 imbalance?Kathleen Pajer
Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, 3811 O Hara St Suite 430, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
Brain Behav Immun 16:747-56. 2002..These data indicate that immunologic abnormalities are present in adolescent antisocial girls. Future studies should measure cytokine levels and investigate the clinical implications of these findings...
- Decreased cortisol levels in adolescent girls with conduct disorderK Pajer
Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, 3811 O Hara St, Suite 430, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
Arch Gen Psychiatry 58:297-302. 2001..On the basis of reports of decreased cortisol levels in antisocial males, we investigated morning plasma cortisol levels in adolescent girls with conduct disorder (CD)...
- Clinical versus actuarial predictions of violence of patients with mental illnessesW Gardner
Western Psychiatric Institute and Clinic, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pennsylyania 15213, USA
J Consult Clin Psychol 64:602-9. 1996..Actuarial predictions based only on patients' histories of violence were more accurate than clinical predictions, as were actuarial predictions that did not use information about histories...
- Generalizing from clinical trial data: a case study. The risk of suicidality among pediatric antidepressant usersJoel B Greenhouse
Department of Statistics, Carnegie Mellon University, 5000 Forbes Avenue, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, U S A
Stat Med 27:1801-13. 2008..In this paper, we describe and illustrate an approach for making what we call generalizability judgments and illustrate the approach in the context of a case study of the risk of suicidality among pediatric antidepressant users...
- Recurrent pain, emotional distress, and health service use in childhoodJohn V Campo
Western Psychiatric Institute and Clinic, The Children s Hospital of Pittsburgh, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pennsylvania 15213, USA
J Pediatr 141:76-83. 2002..To determine the psychosocial correlates of recurrent pediatric pain and its relationship to health service use and medical presentations for "unexplained" symptoms in primary care...
- Psychiatric and medical health care policies in juvenile detention facilitiesKathleen A Pajer
Columbus Children s Research Institute, Department of Pediatrics, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43205, USA
J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 46:1660-7. 2007..Little is known about policies for the delivery of mental and physical health care in these settings. Our objective was to describe current health care policies in U.S. detention facilities...
- Comparison of the PSC-17 and alternative mental health screens in an at-risk primary care sampleWilliam Gardner
Center for Innovation in Pediatric Practice, Columbus Children s Research Institute, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43205, USA
J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 46:611-8. 2007..To validate the 17-item version of the Pediatric Symptom Checklist (PSC-17) as a screen for common pediatric mental disorders in primary care...
- Psychiatric symptoms and community violence among high-risk patients: A test of the relationship at the weekly levelJennifer L Skeem
Department of Psychology and Social Behavior, University of California Irvine, Irvine, CA 92697 7085, USA
J Consult Clin Psychol 74:967-79. 2006..The authors found no evidence that increases in the latter symptoms during 1 week provide an independent foundation for expecting violence during the following week...
- Gender and risk assessment accuracy: underestimating women's violence potentialJennifer Skeem
Psychology and Social Behavior, University of California, Irvine, Irvine, California 92697 7085, USA
Law Hum Behav 29:173-86. 2005..Implications for future research on the judgment processes that may underlie MHPs' limited accuracy with women and for training programs in violence risk assessment are discussed...
- Computerized adaptive measurement of depression: a simulation studyWilliam Gardner
Pediatrics, Children s Research Institute and Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA
BMC Psychiatry 4:13. 2004..We developed a computerized adaptive version of the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI). We examined its efficiency and its usefulness in identifying Major Depressive Episodes (MDE) and in measuring depression severity...
- What do clinicians expect? Comparing envisioned and reported violence for male and female patientsJennifer L Skeem
Department of Psychology and Social Behavior, University of California, Irvine, 92697, USA
J Consult Clin Psychol 73:599-609. 2005..Third, when MHPs envisioned violence that was highly conditional on psychiatric deterioration and medication noncompliance, violence often did not occur...
- Adrenal androgen and gonadal hormone levels in adolescent girls with conduct disorderKathleen Pajer
Columbus Children s Research Institute, Department of Pediatrics, The Ohio State University College of Medicine and Public Health, Columbus, OH, USA
Psychoneuroendocrinology 31:1245-56. 2006..Our data suggest that girls with CD, particularly aggressive CD, have lower cortisol to DHEA ratios, higher levels of free testosterone, and lower levels of SHBG. Clinical and research implications of these findings are discussed...
- Authors' reports about research integrity problems in clinical trialsWilliam Gardner
Department of Pediatrics and Children s Research Institute, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA
Contemp Clin Trials 26:244-51. 2005..We sought to determine how frequently authors of published pharmaceutical clinical trials reported fabrication of data or misrepresentation of research...
- Follow-up care of children identified with ADHD by primary care clinicians: A prospective cohort studyWilliam Gardner
Children s Research Institute and The Department of Pediatrics, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, USA
J Pediatr 145:767-71. 2004..To document follow-up care received by children identified with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) by primary care clinicians (PCCs)...
- Neuropsychological function in adolescent girls with conduct disorderKathleen Pajer
Research Institute at Nationwide Children s Hospital, Columbus, OH, USA
J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 47:416-25. 2008....
- Trial of computerized screening for adolescent behavioral concernsJack Stevens
Research Institute at Nationwide Children s Hospital, 899 East Broad, 3rd Floor, Columbus, OH 43205, USA
Pediatrics 121:1099-105. 2008..The goal of this randomized, controlled trial was to determine whether computerized screening with real-time printing of results for pediatricians increased the identification of these adolescent behavioral concerns...