Steven A Frank


Affiliation: University of California
Country: USA


  1. Frank S. The trade-off between rate and yield in the design of microbial metabolism. J Evol Biol. 2010;23:609-13 pubmed publisher
  2. Frank S. Measurement invariance explains the universal law of generalization for psychological perception. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2018;115:9803-9806 pubmed publisher
    ..All of the additional assumptions and language associated with information, complexity, and empirical scaling are superfluous with regard to the broad patterns of perception. ..
  3. Frank S. Evolution of robustness and cellular stochasticity of gene expression. PLoS Biol. 2013;11:e1001578 pubmed publisher
    ..Microbes provide excellent experimental models to analyze the relations between robust phenotypes and stochastic variability. ..
  4. Frank S. Microbial evolution: regulatory design prevents cancer-like overgrowths. Curr Biol. 2013;23:R343-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Theory predicts that microbial regulatory controls may be designed to limit the origin and competitive potential of rogue lineages. A new study shows how a Salmonella species protects itself against overgrowths. ..
  5. Frank S, Chen P, Lipkin S. Kinetics of cancer: a method to test hypotheses of genetic causation. BMC Cancer. 2005;5:163 pubmed
    ..Our method of comparing genotypes provides good statistical tests even with small samples for each genotype. ..
  6. Frank S, Bush R. Barriers to antigenic escape by pathogens: trade-off between reproductive rate and antigenic mutability. BMC Evol Biol. 2007;7:229 pubmed
    ..These divergent selective pressures on reproductive rate and antigenic mutability may explain some of the observed differences between pathogens in age-class bias, reproductive rate, and antigenic variation. ..
  7. Frank S. The common patterns of nature. J Evol Biol. 2009;22:1563-85 pubmed publisher
  8. Frank S. Natural selection. V. How to read the fundamental equations of evolutionary change in terms of information theory. J Evol Biol. 2012;25:2377-96 pubmed publisher
    ..We can now read the equations of selection in terms of their natural meaning. Selection causes populations to accumulate information about the environment. ..
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    Frank S. Within-host spatial dynamics of viruses and defective interfering particles. J Theor Biol. 2000;206:279-90 pubmed
    ..At higher replacement rates for host cells, nearly all cells become infected by DI particles and a low level of fluctuating, wild-type viremia persists...

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    Frank S. Perspective: repression of competition and the evolution of cooperation. Evolution. 2003;57:693-705 pubmed
    ..With the concepts made clear, I then explain the history of the idea. I finish by summarizing many new developments in this subject and the most promising lines for future study. ..
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    Frank S, Barbour A. Within-host dynamics of antigenic variation. Infect Genet Evol. 2006;6:141-6 pubmed
    ..We illustrate the concept of connectivity pathways by reanalysis of data on transitions between variants from Borrelia hermsii. ..