Nathan A Fox

Summary

Affiliation: University of Maryland
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc The predictive nature of individual differences in early associative learning and emerging social behavior
    Bethany C Reeb-Sutherland
    Department of Human Development, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 7:e30511. 2012
  2. pmc Timing of intervention affects brain electrical activity in children exposed to severe psychosocial neglect
    Ross E Vanderwert
    Department of Human Development, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 5:e11415. 2010
  3. pmc Early childhood temperament predicts substance use in young adults
    A Lahat
    Department of Human Development, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA
    Transl Psychiatry 2:e157. 2012
  4. pmc Psychosocial deprivation, executive functions, and the emergence of socio-emotional behavior problems
    Jennifer Martin McDermott
    Department of Psychology, University of Massachusetts Amherst, MA, USA
    Front Hum Neurosci 7:167. 2013
  5. pmc The effects of severe psychosocial deprivation and foster care intervention on cognitive development at 8 years of age: findings from the Bucharest Early Intervention Project
    Nathan A Fox
    Department of Human Development, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA
    J Child Psychol Psychiatry 52:919-28. 2011
  6. ncbi request reprint Evidence for a gene-environment interaction in predicting behavioral inhibition in middle childhood
    Nathan A Fox
    Department of Human Development, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA
    Psychol Sci 16:921-6. 2005
  7. pmc Startle response in behaviorally inhibited adolescents with a lifetime occurrence of anxiety disorders
    Bethany C Reeb-Sutherland
    Department of Human Development, University of Maryland, 3304 Benjamin Building, College Park, MD 20742, USA
    J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 48:610-7. 2009
  8. pmc Different neural pathways to negative affect in youth with pediatric bipolar disorder and severe mood dysregulation
    Brendan A Rich
    Department of Psychology, The Catholic University of America, NE, Washington, DC, USA
    J Psychiatr Res 45:1283-94. 2011
  9. pmc Behavioral reactivity and approach-withdrawal bias in infancy
    Amie Ashley Hane
    Department of Psychology, Williams College, Bronfman Science Center, Williamstown, MA 01267, USA
    Dev Psychol 44:1491-6. 2008
  10. pmc Attention biases to threat and behavioral inhibition in early childhood shape adolescent social withdrawal
    Koraly Perez-Edgar
    Department of Psychology, George Mason University, 4400 University Drive, Fairfax, VA 22030, USA
    Emotion 10:349-57. 2010

Research Grants

Detail Information

Publications85

  1. pmc The predictive nature of individual differences in early associative learning and emerging social behavior
    Bethany C Reeb-Sutherland
    Department of Human Development, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 7:e30511. 2012
    ..Learning was not related to general cognitive abilities. These results underscore the importance of early contingency learning and suggest the presence of a basic mechanism underlying the ontogeny of social behaviors...
  2. pmc Timing of intervention affects brain electrical activity in children exposed to severe psychosocial neglect
    Ross E Vanderwert
    Department of Human Development, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 5:e11415. 2010
    ....
  3. pmc Early childhood temperament predicts substance use in young adults
    A Lahat
    Department of Human Development, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA
    Transl Psychiatry 2:e157. 2012
    ..These longitudinal data delineate one developmental pathway involving early biology and brain mechanisms for substance use in young adulthood...
  4. pmc Psychosocial deprivation, executive functions, and the emergence of socio-emotional behavior problems
    Jennifer Martin McDermott
    Department of Psychology, University of Massachusetts Amherst, MA, USA
    Front Hum Neurosci 7:167. 2013
    ..Overall, these data identify specific aspects of EF that contribute to adaptive and maladaptive socio-emotional outcomes among children experiencing early psychosocial deprivation...
  5. pmc The effects of severe psychosocial deprivation and foster care intervention on cognitive development at 8 years of age: findings from the Bucharest Early Intervention Project
    Nathan A Fox
    Department of Human Development, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA
    J Child Psychol Psychiatry 52:919-28. 2011
    ..Previous reports from the Bucharest Early Intervention Project suggested that children removed from institutions and placed into intervention displayed gains in IQ relative to children randomized to remain in institutional care...
  6. ncbi request reprint Evidence for a gene-environment interaction in predicting behavioral inhibition in middle childhood
    Nathan A Fox
    Department of Human Development, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA
    Psychol Sci 16:921-6. 2005
    ..Results were consistent with this hypothesis: Children with the combination of the short 5-HTT allele and low social support had increased risk for behavioral inhibition in middle childhood...
  7. pmc Startle response in behaviorally inhibited adolescents with a lifetime occurrence of anxiety disorders
    Bethany C Reeb-Sutherland
    Department of Human Development, University of Maryland, 3304 Benjamin Building, College Park, MD 20742, USA
    J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 48:610-7. 2009
    ..The current study examines whether the startle reflex response may be used to differentiate between behaviorally inhibited adolescents with and without a history of anxiety...
  8. pmc Different neural pathways to negative affect in youth with pediatric bipolar disorder and severe mood dysregulation
    Brendan A Rich
    Department of Psychology, The Catholic University of America, NE, Washington, DC, USA
    J Psychiatr Res 45:1283-94. 2011
    ..Data add to a growing empirical base that differentiates pediatric BD and SMD and begin to elucidate potential neural mechanisms of irritability...
  9. pmc Behavioral reactivity and approach-withdrawal bias in infancy
    Amie Ashley Hane
    Department of Psychology, Williams College, Bronfman Science Center, Williamstown, MA 01267, USA
    Dev Psychol 44:1491-6. 2008
    ..Positively reactive infants exhibited significantly more approach behavior than controls and exhibited a pattern of left frontal asymmetry. Results support the notion that approach-withdrawal bias underlies reactivity in infancy...
  10. pmc Attention biases to threat and behavioral inhibition in early childhood shape adolescent social withdrawal
    Koraly Perez-Edgar
    Department of Psychology, George Mason University, 4400 University Drive, Fairfax, VA 22030, USA
    Emotion 10:349-57. 2010
    ..In addition, attention bias to threat moderated the relation between childhood BI and adolescent social withdrawal...
  11. pmc Attention to novelty in behaviorally inhibited adolescents moderates risk for anxiety
    Bethany C Reeb-Sutherland
    Department of Human Development, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA
    J Child Psychol Psychiatry 50:1365-72. 2009
    ..The current study considers whether this attention profile moderates risk for clinical anxiety disorders among adolescents with a history of BI...
  12. ncbi request reprint Behavioral inhibition and anxiety disorders: multiple levels of a resilience process
    Kathryn Amey Degnan
    University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA
    Dev Psychopathol 19:729-46. 2007
    ..These discontinuous trajectories of behaviorally inhibited children and the factors that form them are discussed as examples of the resilience process...
  13. pmc Attention biases to threat link behavioral inhibition to social withdrawal over time in very young children
    Koraly Perez-Edgar
    Department of Psychology, George Mason University, Fairfax, VA 22030, USA
    J Abnorm Child Psychol 39:885-95. 2011
    ..The data provide further support for models associating attention with socioemotional development and the later emergence of clinical anxiety...
  14. ncbi request reprint Ordinary variations in human maternal caregiving in infancy and biobehavioral development in early childhood: A follow-up study
    Amie Ashley Hane
    Department of Psychology, Williams College, 18 Hoxsey Street, Williamstown, Massachusetts 01267, USA
    Dev Psychobiol 52:558-67. 2010
    ..These effects were independent of early temperamental reactivity. Results parallel rodent models and demonstrate that ordinary variations in MCB influence stress reactivity and social behavior in young children...
  15. ncbi request reprint Behavioral inhibition: linking biology and behavior within a developmental framework
    Nathan A Fox
    Department of Human Development, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA
    Annu Rev Psychol 56:235-62. 2005
    ..The current chapter reviews these areas of research and provides an integrative account of the broad impact of behavioral inhibition research...
  16. pmc Longitudinal stability of temperamental exuberance and social-emotional outcomes in early childhood
    Kathryn A Degnan
    Department of Human Development, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA
    Dev Psychol 47:765-80. 2011
    ..Multiple factors supported an approach bias for exuberant temperament but did not differentiate between adaptive and maladaptive social-emotional outcomes at 5 years of age...
  17. pmc Effects of early intervention on EEG power and coherence in previously institutionalized children in Romania
    Peter J Marshall
    Department of Psychology, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA 19122, USA
    Dev Psychopathol 20:861-80. 2008
    ..Supplementary analyses examined whether the EEG measures mediated changes in intellectual abilities within the foster care children, but no clear evidence of mediation was observed...
  18. ncbi request reprint Psychophysiological and behavioral evidence for varying forms and functions of nonsocial behavior in preschoolers
    Heather A Henderson
    Department of Human Development, University of Maryland, USA
    Child Dev 75:251-63. 2004
    ....
  19. doi request reprint Temperamental exuberance and executive function predict propensity for risk taking in childhood
    Ayelet Lahat
    Department of Human Development, 3304 Benjamin Building, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA
    Dev Psychopathol 24:847-56. 2012
    ..Attention shifting likely affords a child the ability to consider both positive and negative consequences and moderates the relation between early exuberance and risk-taking propensity...
  20. pmc Patterns of sustained attention in infancy shape the developmental trajectory of social behavior from toddlerhood through adolescence
    Koraly Perez-Edgar
    Department of Psychology, George Mason University, Fairfax, VA 22030, USA
    Dev Psychol 46:1723-30. 2010
    ..These findings suggest that early individual differences in attention shape how children respond to their social environments, potentially via attention's gate-keeping role in framing a child's environment for processing...
  21. pmc Affective primes suppress attention bias to threat in socially anxious individuals
    Sarah M Helfinstein
    Child Development Laboratory, Department of Human Development, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA
    Behav Res Ther 46:799-810. 2008
    ..ERP results suggested differential processing of the prime and faces displays by HSA and LSA individuals. However, no group by prime interaction was found for any of ERP components...
  22. pmc Validation of a child-friendly version of the monetary incentive delay task
    Sarah M Helfinstein
    1Imaging Research Center, Department of Psychology, and Department of Neurobiology, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78712, USA
    Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 8:720-6. 2013
    ..Study results suggest that the piƱata task is a valid analog of the MID task, and can be used to assess neural correlates of reward processing in children as young as 8-9 years of age. ..
  23. pmc Behavioral inhibition and anxiety: the moderating roles of inhibitory control and attention shifting
    LAUREN K WHITE
    Department of Human Development, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA
    J Abnorm Child Psychol 39:735-47. 2011
    ..These findings suggest that different cognitive processes may influence relative levels of risk or adaptation depending upon a child's temperamental reactivity...
  24. doi request reprint Early adverse experiences and the neurobiology of facial emotion processing
    Margaret C Moulson
    Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, MA, USA
    Dev Psychol 45:17-30. 2009
    ..These results have important implications for understanding of the role that experience plays in shaping the developing brain...
  25. doi request reprint Effect of mother's dominance rank on offspring temperament in infant rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta)
    Benjamin Suarez-Jimenez
    DIRP Non Human Primate Core, National Institute of Mental Health, Bethesda, Maryland, USA
    Am J Primatol 75:65-73. 2013
    ..These results also suggest future human-based studies of a similar relationship may be warranted, although social dominance is clearly more complex in human than macaque societies...
  26. ncbi request reprint Behavioral and electrophysiological markers of selective attention in children of parents with a history of depression
    Koraly Perez-Edgar
    Department of Psychology, George Mason University, 4400 University Drive, Fairfax, VA 22030, USA
    Biol Psychiatry 60:1131-8. 2006
    ..Children of parents with childhood-onset depression (COD) are at increased risk for socioemotional difficulties. This study examined potential differences in selective attention as a function of parental COD...
  27. pmc Temperamental contributions to children's performance in an emotion-word processing task: a behavioral and electrophysiological study
    Koraly Perez-Edgar
    Department of Psychology, George Mason University, Fairfax, VA, USA
    Brain Cogn 65:22-35. 2007
    ..These findings indicate that performance on an auditory selective attention task can assist in identifying underlying patterns of affective processing...
  28. ncbi request reprint Children's affect regulation during a disappointment: psychophysiological responses and relation to parent history of depression
    Erika E Forbes
    Department of Psychology, University of Pittsburgh, Sennott Square, 3rd Floor, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
    Biol Psychol 71:264-77. 2006
    ..Physiological responses associated with affect regulation may help identify children at risk for depression...
  29. doi request reprint The effects of foster care intervention on socially deprived institutionalized children's attention and positive affect: results from the BEIP study
    Melissa M Ghera
    Department of Psychology, St John Fisher College, Rochester, NY 14618, USA
    J Child Psychol Psychiatry 50:246-53. 2009
    ..We examined the effects of a foster care intervention on attention and emotion expression in socially deprived children in Romanian institutions...
  30. ncbi request reprint Affect-modulated startle in adults with childhood-onset depression: relations to bipolar course and number of lifetime depressive episodes
    Erika E Forbes
    Department of Psychology, University of Pittsburgh, 210 South Bouquet Street, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
    Psychiatry Res 134:11-25. 2005
    ..In unipolar and bipolar forms of COD, unusual affective modulation or maintenance of the startle response, respectively, may reflect underlying deficits in affect regulation...
  31. pmc Striatal responses to negative monetary outcomes differ between temperamentally inhibited and non-inhibited adolescents
    Sarah M Helfinstein
    University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA
    Neuropsychologia 49:479-85. 2011
    ..This suggests a perturbed ability to encode reward value...
  32. pmc Effects of early intervention and the moderating effects of brain activity on institutionalized children's social skills at age 8
    Alisa N Almas
    Department of Human Development and Quantitative Methodology, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 109:17228-31. 2012
    ....
  33. pmc Autonomic nervous system reactivity to positive and negative mood induction: the role of acute psychological responses and frontal electrocortical activity
    Willem J Kop
    Department of Medicine, University of Maryland, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA
    Biol Psychol 86:230-8. 2011
    ..009). It is concluded that positive and negative mood induction result in differential HRV responses, which is related to both task valence and the intensity of task-induced emotions...
  34. pmc Stable early maternal report of behavioral inhibition predicts lifetime social anxiety disorder in adolescence
    Andrea Chronis-Tuscano
    Department of Psychology, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA
    J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 48:928-35. 2009
    ..It was hypothesized that stable BI would predict the presence of adolescent psychiatric diagnoses, specifically SAD...
  35. pmc Cascading effects: the influence of attention bias to threat on the interpretation of ambiguous information
    LAUREN K WHITE
    Child Development Laboratory, Department of Human Development, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA
    Behav Res Ther 49:244-51. 2011
    ..These data suggest that perturbations in the initial stages of information processing associated with anxiety may lead to a cascade of subsequent processing biases...
  36. ncbi request reprint Role of attention in the regulation of fear and anxiety
    LAUREN K WHITE
    Department of Human Development, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA
    Dev Neurosci 31:309-17. 2009
    ..The current review summarizes the extant literature on the links between voluntary and involuntary attention processes and the role that these attention processes have in the etiology, maintenance, and regulation of anxious behavior...
  37. pmc Psychiatric outcomes in young children with a history of institutionalization
    Karen Bos
    Harvard Medical School Children s Hospital Boston, MA, USA
    Harv Rev Psychiatry 19:15-24. 2011
    ..The results also underscore the benefit of early family placement for children living in institutions...
  38. ncbi request reprint Contextual basis of maternal perceptions of infant temperament
    Amie Ashley Hane
    Department of Human Development, University of Maryland, College Park, MD, USA
    Dev Psychol 42:1077-88. 2006
    ..These findings support the hypothesis that maternal perceptions are based on mothers' experiences with their infants but that the salience of infant temperamental characteristics to mothers varies across emotion and interactive context...
  39. pmc Attention alters neural responses to evocative faces in behaviorally inhibited adolescents
    Koraly Perez-Edgar
    Department of Psychology, George Mason University, USA
    Neuroimage 35:1538-46. 2007
    ..These patterns of reactivity may help sustain early temperamental biases over time and contribute to the observed relation between BI and anxiety...
  40. pmc Early adversity and neural correlates of executive function: implications for academic adjustment
    Jennifer M McDermott
    Department of Psychology, Tobin Hall, University of Massachusetts Amherst, Amherst, MA 01003, United States
    Dev Cogn Neurosci 2:S59-66. 2012
    ..Combined, the results highlight perturbations in neural sources of behavioral and attention problems among children experiencing early adversity. Potential implications for academic adjustment in at risk children are discussed...
  41. doi request reprint Maternal over-control moderates the association between early childhood behavioral inhibition and adolescent social anxiety symptoms
    Erin Lewis-Morrarty
    Department of Psychology, University of Maryland, 1123K Biology Psychology Building, College Park, MD 20742, USA
    J Abnorm Child Psychol 40:1363-73. 2012
    ..These findings have the potential to inform prevention and early intervention programs by identifying particularly at-risk youth and specific targets of treatment...
  42. doi request reprint Approach-withdrawal and the role of the striatum in the temperament of behavioral inhibition
    Sarah M Helfinstein
    Department of Human Development, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 2074, USA
    Dev Psychol 48:815-26. 2012
    ..This article reviews evidence implicating dual roles for fear and reward circuitry in the expression of behavioral inhibition...
  43. pmc Temperament and the environment in the etiology of childhood anxiety
    Kathryn A Degnan
    University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742, USA
    J Child Psychol Psychiatry 51:497-517. 2010
    ..Furthermore, conducting these investigations across multiple levels of analysis in large-scale, longitudinal samples would be an important addition to the literature on the developmental psychopathology of anxiety...
  44. ncbi request reprint The role of infant soothability in the relation between infant negativity and maternal sensitivity
    Melissa M Ghera
    Department of Human Development, University of Maryland, 3304 Benjamin Building, College Park, MD 20742, USA
    Infant Behav Dev 29:289-93. 2006
    ....
  45. ncbi request reprint Individual differences in children's performance during an emotional Stroop task: a behavioral and electrophysiological study
    Koraly Perez-Edgar
    Department of Human Development, Child Development Laboratory, University of Maryland, 3304 Benjamin Building, College Park, MD 20742, USA
    Brain Cogn 52:33-51. 2003
    ..In addition, positive and negative words showed differences in processing across components. In particular, negative words appeared to tax attentional and processing resources more than positive words...
  46. pmc The mirror mechanism and mu rhythm in social development
    Ross E Vanderwert
    Department of Human Development, University of Maryland, College Park, MD, USA
    Neurosci Lett 540:15-20. 2013
    ..We conclude with directions for future research that will improve our understanding of the putative human MN system and the functional role of MNs in social development...
  47. doi request reprint Neural activation underlying cognitive control in the context of neutral and affectively charged pictures in children
    Connie Lamm
    Child Development Laboratory, Department of Human Development, University of Maryland, MD 20742 1131, USA
    Brain Cogn 79:181-7. 2012
    ..The findings are discussed in reference to the impact of affective stimuli on recruitment of specific brain regions involved in cognitive control...
  48. pmc One-month-old human infants learn about the social world while they sleep
    Bethany C Reeb-Sutherland
    Department of Human Development, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA
    Dev Sci 14:1134-41. 2011
    ..These results suggest a mechanism by which learning about the social world occurs early in life and the power of ecologically valid cues in facilitating that learning...
  49. ncbi request reprint Temperament and anxiety disorders
    Koraly Perez-Edgar
    University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA
    Child Adolesc Psychiatr Clin N Am 14:681-706, viii. 2005
    ..The authors examine the outstanding issues that must be addressed before the benefits of bridging these traditionally independent fields of study can be fully exploited...
  50. ncbi request reprint Long-term stability of frontal electroencephalographic asymmetry in adults with a history of depression and controls
    Marike Vuga
    Department of Psychology, University of Pittsburgh, 4321 Sennott Square, 210 S Bouquet Street, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
    Int J Psychophysiol 59:107-15. 2006
    ..These findings support the view that resting frontal EEG asymmetry reflects a moderately stable individual difference in adults, irrespective of sex and history of depression...
  51. ncbi request reprint Temperament and early experience form social behavior
    Nathan A Fox
    Institute for Child Study, Department of Human Development, University of Maryland, 3304 Benjamin Building, College Park, MD 20742 1131, USA
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1038:171-8. 2004
    ..Children displaying behavioral inhibition are at-risk for behavioral problems related to anxiety and social withdrawal...
  52. ncbi request reprint The development of P50 suppression in the auditory event-related potential
    Peter J Marshall
    Department of Human Development, University of Maryland, 3304 Benjamin Building, College Park, MD 20742, USA
    Int J Psychophysiol 51:135-41. 2004
    ..For the children who showed P50 suppression, the magnitude of P50 suppression increased with age and reached adult levels in the oldest participants. P50 suppression did not vary with the extent of social withdrawal behaviors...
  53. ncbi request reprint Variations of the flanker paradigm: assessing selective attention in young children
    Jennifer Martin McDermott
    Department of Human Development, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742, USA
    Behav Res Methods 39:62-70. 2007
    ....
  54. doi request reprint Quality of life for children with cochlear implants: perceived benefits and problems and the perception of single words and emotional sounds
    Efrat A Schorr
    University of Maryland, College Park, MD, USA
    J Speech Lang Hear Res 52:141-52. 2009
    ..Effects of age at amplification with hearing aids and fitting of cochlear implants on perceived quality of life were also investigated...
  55. pmc A preliminary study of the neural mechanisms of frustration in pediatric bipolar disorder using magnetoencephalography
    Brendan A Rich
    Department of Psychology, The Catholic University of America, 4001 Harewood Road NE, Washington, DC 20064, USA
    Depress Anxiety 27:276-86. 2010
    ..ACC theta power is associated with attention to emotional stimuli, and the ACC may mediate responses to frustrating stimuli...
  56. ncbi request reprint Cognition and affective style: Individual differences in brain electrical activity during spatial and verbal tasks
    Martha Ann Bell
    Department of Psychology, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA 24061, USA
    Brain Cogn 53:441-51. 2003
    ..These data suggest that, within a selected normal population, differences in affective style may interact with cognitive performance and with the brain electrical activity associated with that performance...
  57. pmc Electrophysiological responses to auditory novelty in temperamentally different 9-month-old infants
    Peter J Marshall
    Department of Psychology, Temple University, 1701 N 13th St, Philadelphia, PA 19122, USA
    Dev Sci 12:568-82. 2009
    ..In contrast, high positively reactive infants showed a larger novelty P3 to the complex novel sounds. Results are discussed in terms of optimal levels of novelty for temperamentally different infants...
  58. pmc Spectral characteristics of the newborn rhesus macaque EEG reflect functional cortical activity
    Ross E Vanderwert
    Human Development, University of Maryland, 3304Benjamin Building, College Park, MD 20742, USA
    Physiol Behav 107:787-91. 2012
    ..These findings demonstrate similarities between infant human and infant monkey EEG and suggest approaches for future translational research in developmental psychobiology...
  59. ncbi request reprint A comparison of the electroencephalogram between institutionalized and community children in Romania
    Peter J Marshall
    University of Maryland, USA
    J Cogn Neurosci 16:1327-38. 2004
    ..The results are discussed in the context of two models: that the pattern of EEG in the institutionalized children reflects a maturational lag in nervous system development, or that it reflects tonic cortical hypoactivation...
  60. doi request reprint Behavioural inhibition: is it a risk factor for anxiety?
    Ayelet Lahat
    Department of Human Development, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland, USA
    Int Rev Psychiatry 23:248-57. 2011
    ..In the present paper we review the contribution of these factors to the development of anxiety in behaviourally inhibited children...
  61. ncbi request reprint Ordinary variations in maternal caregiving influence human infants' stress reactivity
    Amie Ashley Hane
    University of Maryland CP, 3304 Benjamin Building, College Park, MD 20742, USA
    Psychol Sci 17:550-6. 2006
    ..The results suggest that ordinary variations in MCB may influence the expression of neural systems involved in stress reactivity in human infants...
  62. ncbi request reprint Development of the EEG from 5 months to 4 years of age
    Peter J Marshall
    Department of Human Development, University of Maryland, 3304 Benjamin Building, College Park, MD 20742, USA
    Clin Neurophysiol 113:1199-208. 2002
    ..Particular emphasis is placed on the empirical confirmation of a 6-9 Hz alpha-range frequency band that has previously been used in the infant EEG literature...
  63. ncbi request reprint Infant attachment and temperament as predictors of subsequent externalizing problems and cardiac physiology
    Kim B Burgess
    Department of Human Development, University of Maryland at College Park, 20742, USA
    J Child Psychol Psychiatry 44:819-31. 2003
    ....
  64. ncbi request reprint Self-regulatory processes in early personality development: a multilevel approach to the study of childhood social withdrawal and aggression
    Susan D Calkins
    Department of Psychology, University of North Carolina at Greensboro, 27402 6164, USA
    Dev Psychopathol 14:477-98. 2002
    ..Significant gaps remain in our knowledge of the pathways to disordered behavior and the role that self-regulation plays in such pathways. Suggestions are made for the ways in which future longitudinal studies might address these gaps...
  65. pmc Attachment security as a mechanism linking foster care placement to improved mental health outcomes in previously institutionalized children
    Katie A McLaughlin
    Children s Hospital Boston, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    J Child Psychol Psychiatry 53:46-55. 2012
    ..Second we evaluated the role of lack of attachment in an institutionalized sample on the etiology of internalizing disorders within the context of a randomized trial...
  66. pmc Individual differences in fear potentiated startle in behaviorally inhibited children
    Tyson V Barker
    Department of Human Development and Quantitative Methodology, University of Maryland, 3304 Benjamin Building, College Park, MD 20742
    Dev Psychobiol 56:133-41. 2014
    ..These findings suggest that aberrant startle responses are apparent in behaviorally inhibited children during early childhood prior to the onset of a disorder and may serve as a possible endophenotype for the development of anxiety...
  67. pmc Auditory-visual fusion in speech perception in children with cochlear implants
    Efrat A Schorr
    Department of Human Development Institute of Child Study, University of Maryland, 3304 Benjamin Building, College Park, MD 20742, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 102:18748-50. 2005
    ..The likelihood of consistent auditory-visual fusion declined with age at implant beyond 2.5 years, suggesting a sensitive period for bimodal integration in speech perception...
  68. ncbi request reprint Children's narratives and patterns of cardiac reactivity
    Yair Bar-Haim
    Department of Psychology, Tel Aviv University, Ramat Aviv, Tel Aviv, Israel 69978
    Dev Psychobiol 44:238-49. 2004
    ..The findings suggest interplay between the cognitive-emotional processes associated with narrative processing and production and cardiac activation patterns...
  69. ncbi request reprint Designing research to study the effects of institutionalization on brain and behavioral development: the Bucharest Early Intervention Project
    Charles H Zeanah
    Department of Psychiatry, Tulane University Health Sciences Center, New Orleans, LA 70112, USA
    Dev Psychopathol 15:885-907. 2003
    ....
  70. doi request reprint Vagal tone and temperament as predictors of emotion regulation strategies in young children
    Aimee K Santucci
    Center for Research on Health Care, University of Pittsburgh, Suite 600, 230 McKee Place, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA
    Dev Psychobiol 50:205-16. 2008
    ..Overall, the findings are consistent with models of vagal tone and temperament as markers of individual differences in ER...
  71. pmc Salivary cortisol levels and infant temperament shape developmental trajectories in boys at risk for behavioral maladjustment
    Koraly Perez-Edgar
    Department of Psychology, George Mason University, 4400 University Drive, MS 3F5, Fairfax, VA 22030, United States
    Psychoneuroendocrinology 33:916-25. 2008
    ..The data suggested that there are unique biobehavioral mechanisms shaping specific patterns of maladjustment in childhood...
  72. ncbi request reprint Striatal functional alteration in adolescents characterized by early childhood behavioral inhibition
    Amanda E Guyer
    Emotional Development and Affective Neuroscience Branch, National Institute of Mental Health, National Institutes of Health NIH, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, USA
    J Neurosci 26:6399-405. 2006
    ....
  73. ncbi request reprint Mismatch negativity in socially withdrawn children
    Yair Bar-Haim
    Department of Psychology, Tel Aviv University, Ramat Aviv, Tel Aviv, Israel
    Biol Psychiatry 54:17-24. 2003
    ....
  74. ncbi request reprint Temperament and attachment disorders
    Charles H Zeanah
    Institute of Infant and Early Childhood Mental Health, Department of Psychiatry and Neurology, Tulane University Health Sciences Center, New Orleans, LA 70112, USA
    J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol 33:32-41. 2004
    ..We consider possible directions for research efforts designed to explore the biological underpinnings of the complex phenomenon of attachment disorders...
  75. pmc Amygdala and ventrolateral prefrontal cortex function during anticipated peer evaluation in pediatric social anxiety
    Amanda E Guyer
    Mood and Anxiety Program, National Institute of Mental Health, National Institutes of Health, 15K North Dr, Room 208, Bethesda, MD 20892 2670, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 65:1303-12. 2008
    ..Such fear-circuitry dysfunction may also manifest when anticipated social evaluation leads socially anxious adolescents to misperceive peers as threatening...
  76. ncbi request reprint Different psychophysiological and behavioral responses elicited by frustration in pediatric bipolar disorder and severe mood dysregulation
    Brendan A Rich
    Pediatrics and Developmental Neuropsychiatry Branch, Section on Development and Affective Neuroscience, NIMH Mood and Anxiety Program, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 164:309-17. 2007
    ..e., a history of at least one manic or hypomanic episode with euphoric mood) as well as those with no diagnosis (i.e., healthy comparison children)...
  77. ncbi request reprint Maternal depression, child frontal asymmetry, and child affective behavior as factors in child behavior problems
    Erika E Forbes
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    J Child Psychol Psychiatry 47:79-87. 2006
    ..Despite findings that parent depression increases children's risk for internalizing and externalizing problems, little is known about other factors that combine with parent depression to contribute to behavior problems...
  78. ncbi request reprint Regional patterns of brain activity in adults with a history of childhood-onset depression: gender differences and clinical variability
    Anita Miller
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 159:934-40. 2002
    ..Gender and clinical history variables were examined as factors that may influence the relation between EEG and depression...
  79. ncbi request reprint The caregiving context in institution-reared and family-reared infants and toddlers in Romania
    Anna T Smyke
    Tulane University, LA, USA
    J Child Psychol Psychiatry 48:210-8. 2007
    ....
  80. ncbi request reprint The impact of reward, punishment, and frustration on attention in pediatric bipolar disorder
    Brendan A Rich
    Pediatrics and Developmental Neuropsychiatry Branch, Mood and Anxiety Program, National Institute of Mental Health, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892 1255, USA
    Biol Psychiatry 58:532-9. 2005
    ..We tested the hypothesis that frustration adversely impacts attention and behavior in children with bipolar disorder (BPD)...
  81. pmc Children's affect expression and frontal EEG asymmetry: transactional associations with mothers' depressive symptoms
    Erika E Forbes
    WPIC Loeffler 319, Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh, 3811 O Hara Street, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    J Abnorm Child Psychol 36:207-21. 2008
    ..Findings suggest that akin to other interpersonal stressors, children's affective characteristics may contribute to maternal depressive symptoms...
  82. ncbi request reprint Evidence for a gene-gene interaction in predicting children's behavior problems: association of serotonin transporter short and dopamine receptor D4 long genotypes with internalizing and externalizing behaviors in typically developing 7-year-olds
    Louis A Schmidt
    Department of Psychology, Neuroscience and Behaviour, 1280 Main Street West, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4K1, Canada
    Dev Psychopathol 19:1105-16. 2007
    ..Implications of these findings for understanding cumulative biological risk and protective factors in childhood behavior problems and psychopathology are discussed...
  83. pmc Long-term stability of electroencephalographic asymmetry and power in 3 to 9 year-old children
    Marike Vuga
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Pittsburgh, 127 Parran Hall, 130 DeSoto Street, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Int J Psychophysiol 67:70-7. 2008
    ..Stability in school-age children approached values as has been reported for adults. The findings provide partial support to the concept of frontal EEG asymmetry as a trait marker in childhood...
  84. ncbi request reprint Cognitive recovery in socially deprived young children: the Bucharest Early Intervention Project
    Charles A Nelson
    Harvard Medical School and Children s Hospital, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    Science 318:1937-40. 2007
    ..These results point to the negative sequelae of early institutionalization, suggest a possible sensitive period in cognitive development, and underscore the advantages of family placements for young abandoned children...
  85. ncbi request reprint Automatic correction of ocular artifacts in the EEG: a comparison of regression-based and component-based methods
    Garrick L Wallstrom
    Center for Biomedical Informatics, University of Pittsburgh, Forbes Tower Suite 8084, 200 Lothrop Street, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Int J Psychophysiol 53:105-19. 2004
    ..Results supported the use of regression-based and PCA-based ocular artifact correction and suggested a need for further studies examining possible spectral distortion from ICA-based correction procedures...

Research Grants3

  1. Early temperament and social behavior in adolescence
    NATHAN FOX; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....
  2. Affect and Cerebral Asymmetry: A Developmental Approach
    NATHAN FOX; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..