Carl Foster

Summary

Affiliation: University of Wisconsin-La Crosse
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Training in the aging athlete
    Carl Foster
    Department of Exercise and Sport Science, 133 Mitchell Hall, University of Wisconsin La Crosse, La Crosse, WI 54601, USA
    Curr Sports Med Rep 6:200-6. 2007
  2. ncbi request reprint Regulation of energy expenditure during prolonged athletic competition
    Carl Foster
    Department of Exercise and Sport Science, University of Wisconsin La Crosse, La Crosse, WI 54601, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 37:670-5. 2005
  3. doi request reprint Pattern of developing the performance template
    C Foster
    Department of Exercise and Sports Science, University of Wisconsin La Crosse, La Crosse, WI 54601, USA
    Br J Sports Med 43:765-9. 2009
  4. ncbi request reprint Translation of submaximal exercise test responses to exercise prescription using the Talk Test
    Carl Foster
    University of Wisconsin La Crosse, La Crosse, Wisconsin, USA
    J Strength Cond Res 23:2425-9. 2009
  5. ncbi request reprint Effect of competitive distance on energy expenditure during simulated competition
    C Foster
    Department of Exercise and Sport Science, University of Wisconsin La Crosse, USA
    Int J Sports Med 25:198-204. 2004
  6. ncbi request reprint Physical activity and exercise training prescriptions for patients
    C Foster
    Department of Exercise and Sport Science, University of Wisconsin La Crosse, LaCrosse, Wisconsin, USA
    Cardiol Clin 19:447-57. 2001
  7. doi request reprint The talk test as a marker of exercise training intensity
    Carl Foster
    Department of Exercise and Sport Science, University of Wisconsin La Crosse, La Crosse, WI 54601, USA
    J Cardiopulm Rehabil Prev 28:24-30; quiz 31-2. 2008
  8. ncbi request reprint Pattern of energy expenditure during simulated competition
    Carl Foster
    Department of Exercise and Sport Science, University of Wisconsin La Crosse, La Crosse, WI 54601, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 35:826-31. 2003
  9. ncbi request reprint VO2max during successive maximal efforts
    Carl Foster
    Department of Exercise and Sport Science, University of Wisconsin La Crosse, La Crosse, WI 54601, USA
    Eur J Appl Physiol 102:67-72. 2007
  10. ncbi request reprint Running economy : the forgotten factor in elite performance
    Carl Foster
    Department of Exercise and Sports Science, University of Wisconsin La Crosse, La Crosse, Wisconsin 54601, USA
    Sports Med 37:316-9. 2007

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications68

  1. ncbi request reprint Training in the aging athlete
    Carl Foster
    Department of Exercise and Sport Science, 133 Mitchell Hall, University of Wisconsin La Crosse, La Crosse, WI 54601, USA
    Curr Sports Med Rep 6:200-6. 2007
    ..Strategies for maintaining exercise intensity, including resistance training, are advisable to prevent sarcopenia and selective loss of type II muscle fibers...
  2. ncbi request reprint Regulation of energy expenditure during prolonged athletic competition
    Carl Foster
    Department of Exercise and Sport Science, University of Wisconsin La Crosse, La Crosse, WI 54601, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 37:670-5. 2005
    ..As such, they provide a model of the ability for sustained muscular activity, which is important in terms of how humans are understood, not only as athletes, but also within an evolutionary context...
  3. doi request reprint Pattern of developing the performance template
    C Foster
    Department of Exercise and Sports Science, University of Wisconsin La Crosse, La Crosse, WI 54601, USA
    Br J Sports Med 43:765-9. 2009
    ..Data from athletic populations suggest that a pre-exercise conceptual model, or template, is a central variable relative to controlling energy expenditure...
  4. ncbi request reprint Translation of submaximal exercise test responses to exercise prescription using the Talk Test
    Carl Foster
    University of Wisconsin La Crosse, La Crosse, Wisconsin, USA
    J Strength Cond Res 23:2425-9. 2009
    ..0-1.2 metabolic equivalents) below the LP stage observed during an incremental test...
  5. ncbi request reprint Effect of competitive distance on energy expenditure during simulated competition
    C Foster
    Department of Exercise and Sport Science, University of Wisconsin La Crosse, USA
    Int J Sports Med 25:198-204. 2004
    ..68 +/- 8.51, 20.60 +/- 6.99 and 23.28 +/- 9.04 kJ). The results are consistent with the concept that athletes monitor their energetic resources and regulate their energetic output over time in a manner designed to optimize performance...
  6. ncbi request reprint Physical activity and exercise training prescriptions for patients
    C Foster
    Department of Exercise and Sport Science, University of Wisconsin La Crosse, LaCrosse, Wisconsin, USA
    Cardiol Clin 19:447-57. 2001
    ..don't smoke, don't eat high-fat foods), and since people are infamous for ignoring negative advice, the value of using a positive recommendation that may indirectly lead the patient to discontinue bad behaviors can hardly be overstated...
  7. doi request reprint The talk test as a marker of exercise training intensity
    Carl Foster
    Department of Exercise and Sport Science, University of Wisconsin La Crosse, La Crosse, WI 54601, USA
    J Cardiopulm Rehabil Prev 28:24-30; quiz 31-2. 2008
    ..This study examined manipulations of either the VT or exercise protocol to test the hypothesis that the TT and VT are related in a robust way, adequate for exercise prescription...
  8. ncbi request reprint Pattern of energy expenditure during simulated competition
    Carl Foster
    Department of Exercise and Sport Science, University of Wisconsin La Crosse, La Crosse, WI 54601, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 35:826-31. 2003
    ..To determine how athletes spontaneously use their energetic reserves when the only instruction was to finish in minimal time, and whether experience from repeated performance changes the strategy of recreational athletes...
  9. ncbi request reprint VO2max during successive maximal efforts
    Carl Foster
    Department of Exercise and Sport Science, University of Wisconsin La Crosse, La Crosse, WI 54601, USA
    Eur J Appl Physiol 102:67-72. 2007
    ..As such, the results support the "classical" view of VO(2)max...
  10. ncbi request reprint Running economy : the forgotten factor in elite performance
    Carl Foster
    Department of Exercise and Sports Science, University of Wisconsin La Crosse, La Crosse, Wisconsin 54601, USA
    Sports Med 37:316-9. 2007
    ..Strategies for improving running economy remain to be developed, although it appears that high intensity running may be a common element acting to improve economy...
  11. doi request reprint Rapidity of responding to a hypoxic challenge during exercise
    Blair D Johnson
    Department of Exercise and Sport Science, University of Wisconsin La Crosse, 133 Mitchell Hall, La Crosse, WI 54601, USA
    Eur J Appl Physiol 106:493-9. 2009
    ..6 +/- 14.4 s) and in PO (62.7 +/- 20.8 s) was not significantly different. Modifications of PO due to the abrupt administration of hypoxic air are related to the development of arterial hypoxemia, and begin within approximately 30 s...
  12. doi request reprint Translation of exercise testing to exercise prescription using the talk test
    Elizabeth M Jeanes
    Department of Exercise and Sport Science, University of Wisconsin La Crosse, La Crosse, Wisconsin, USA
    J Strength Cond Res 25:590-6. 2011
    ....
  13. doi request reprint Physiologic responses during indoor cycling
    Rebecca A Battista
    University of Wisconsin La Crosse, La Crosse, Wisconsin, USA
    J Strength Cond Res 22:1236-41. 2008
    ..As such, the data suggest that indoor cycling must be considered a high-intensity exercise mode of exercise training, which has implications for both efficacy and risk...
  14. doi request reprint Perception of fatigue during simulated competition
    Trent Joseph
    Department of Exercise and Sport Science, University of Wisconsin La Crosse, La Crosse, WI 54601, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 40:381-6. 2008
    ..This suggests that RPE is scalar and integrates physiological status and homeostatic disturbances...
  15. ncbi request reprint Quantitation of resistance training using the session rating of perceived exertion method
    Travis W Sweet
    Department of Exercise and Sport Science, University of Wisconsin La Crosse, La Crosse, WI 54601, USA
    J Strength Cond Res 18:796-802. 2004
    ..However, the session RPE may meaningfully underestimate the average intensity rated immediately after each set...
  16. ncbi request reprint Breaking away: effects of nonuniform pacing on power output and growth of rating of perceived exertion
    Jacob Cohen
    Dept of Exercise and Sport Science, University of Wisconsin La Crosse, La Crosse, WI
    Int J Sports Physiol Perform 8:352-7. 2013
    ..In nonstandard pacing situations, a reciprocal relationship between RPE and power output (PO) would be predicted...
  17. ncbi request reprint Rapidity of response to hypoxic conditions during exercise
    Kayla B Henslin Harris
    Dept of Exercise and Sport Science, University of Wisconsin La Crosse, La Crosse, WI
    Int J Sports Physiol Perform 8:330-5. 2013
    ..The purpose of this study was to determine whether preexercise desaturation (estimated from pulse oximetry [SpO2]), via normobaric hypoxia, would change the pattern of PO during a TT...
  18. ncbi request reprint Effect of exercise duration on postexercise hypotension
    Christopher Mach
    Department of Exercise and Sport Science, University of Wisconsin La Crosse, La Crosse, WI 54601, USA
    J Cardiopulm Rehabil 25:366-9. 2005
  19. ncbi request reprint The effect of handrail support on oxygen uptake during steady-state treadmill exercise
    Jennifer Berling
    Department of Exercise and Sport Science, University of Wisconsin, La Crosse, WI 54601, USA
    J Cardiopulm Rehabil 26:391-4. 2006
    ..Handrail support has been shown, during maximal treadmill testing, to blunt HR and VO(2) responses at a particular speed and grade, resulting in an increased treadmill time and overprediction in aerobic capacity...
  20. ncbi request reprint Breaking away: effects of nonuniform pacing on power output and growth of rating of perceived exertion
    Jacob Cohen
    Dept of Exercise and Sport Science, University of Wisconsin La Crosse, La Crosse, WI
    Int J Sports Physiol Perform 8:352-7. 2013
    ..However, the continuing reduction of PO after the burst, even after RPE returned to its normal growth pattern, suggests that PO is regulated in a more complex manner than reflected solely by RPE. ..
  21. ncbi request reprint The Effect of Music on 10-km Cycle Time-Trial Performance
    Jana Hagen
    Dept of Exercise and Sport Science, University of Wisconsin La Crosse, La Crosse, WI
    Int J Sports Physiol Perform 8:104-6. 2013
    ..1 ± 2.6 vs 11.9 ± 2.1 mmol/L, and final rating of perceived exertion 8.4 ± 1.5 vs 8.5 ± 1.6). It is concluded that during exercise at competitive intensity, there is no meaningful effect of music on either performance or physiology...
  22. ncbi request reprint Monitoring exercise intensity during resistance training using the session RPE scale
    Meghan L Day
    Department of Exercise and Sport Science, University of Wisconsin La Crosse, La Crosse, Wisconsin, USA
    J Strength Cond Res 18:353-8. 2004
    ..The intraclass correlation coefficient for the session RPE was 0.88. The session RPE is a reliable method to quantify various intensities of resistance training...
  23. ncbi request reprint Rapidity of response to hypoxic conditions during exercise
    Kayla B Henslin Harris
    Dept of Exercise and Sport Science, University of Wisconsin La Crosse, La Crosse, WI
    Int J Sports Physiol Perform 8:330-5. 2013
    ..Conclusions: The results support the strong effect of the preexercise template on the pattern of PO during simulated competition and suggest that reductions in SpO2 are not direct signals to decrease PO...
  24. ncbi request reprint Hemodynamic responses during aerobic and resistance exercise
    Arna E Karlsdottir
    Department of Exercise and Sport Science, University of Wisconsin La Crosse, 54601, USA
    J Cardiopulm Rehabil 22:170-7. 2002
    ..Because of the potential for a high afterload to have a negative impact on left ventricular function, there has been concern regarding the safety of resistance training for patients with congestive heart failure...
  25. ncbi request reprint Consistency of the talk test for exercise prescription
    Rachel Persinger
    Department of Exercise and Sport Science, University of Wisconsin La Crosse, La Crosse, WI 54601, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 36:1632-6. 2004
    ..As such, it appears to be a valuable although quite simple method of exercise prescription. In this study, we evaluate the consistency of the Talk Test by comparing responses during different modes of exercise...
  26. ncbi request reprint The effect of music on 10-km cycle time-trial performance
    Jana Hagen
    Dept of Exercise and Sport Science, University of Wisconsin La Crosse, La Crosse, WI, USA
    Int J Sports Physiol Perform 8:104-6. 2013
    ..1 ± 2.6 vs 11.9 ± 2.1 mmol/L, and final rating of perceived exertion 8.4 ± 1.5 vs 8.5 ± 1.6). It is concluded that during exercise at competitive intensity, there is no meaningful effect of music on either performance or physiology...
  27. ncbi request reprint Training vs. body image: does training improve subjective appearance ratings?
    Megan L Anderson
    Department of Exercise and Sport Science, University of Wisconsin, La Crosse, Wisconsin 54601, USA
    J Strength Cond Res 18:255-9. 2004
    ..61 vs. 2.31, 4.13 vs. 2.06, and 4.53 vs. 2.18 for the cardiovascular, resistance, and control groups, respectively (p < 0.05). This study showed that a 6-week training program did not change self-rated or panel-rated appearance scores...
  28. ncbi request reprint Effect of exercise intensity on postexercise hypotension
    Christy L Smelker
    University of Wisconsin La Crosse, La Crosse, Wisconsin 54601, USA
    J Cardiopulm Rehabil 24:269-73. 2004
  29. ncbi request reprint Left ventricular function during interval and steady state exercise
    C Foster
    Milwaukee Heart Institute, WI, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 31:1157-62. 1999
    ..Although we generally understand left ventricular (LV) function during steady state (SS) exercise, there are no data regarding LV function during INT...
  30. ncbi request reprint Evidence for restricted muscle blood flow during speed skating
    C Foster
    University of Wisconsin LaCrosse, 54601, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 31:1433-40. 1999
    ..We have previously hypothesized restricted muscle blood flow during speed skating, secondary to the high intramuscular forces intrinsic to the unique posture assumed by speed skaters and to the prolonged duty cycle of the skating stroke...
  31. ncbi request reprint Stability of the blood lactate-heart rate relationship in competitive athletes
    C Foster
    Department of Exercise and Sport Science, University of Wisconsin La Crosse, 54601, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 31:578-82. 1999
    ..It is often assumed that the HR at AerT and AnT changes with changes in fitness, much as the power output (Watts: W) associated with AerT and AnT is known to change...
  32. ncbi request reprint Physiological and pathological aspects of exercise left ventricular function
    C Foster
    Milwaukee Heart Institute, WI, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 30:S379-86. 1998
    ..Case reports are included to illustrate the utility of measuring left ventricular function during exercise...
  33. ncbi request reprint Comparison of incremental treadmill exercise and free range running
    S Crouter
    Department of Exercise and Sport Science, University of Wisconsin-La Crosse, La Crosse, WI 54601, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 33:644-7. 2001
    ..Whether this represents a fundamental lack of effect of free range exercise or is related to mode specificity remains to be determined...
  34. ncbi request reprint Impact of training patterns on incidence of illness and injury during a women's collegiate basketball season
    Laura Anderson
    Department of Exercise and Sport Science, University of Wisconsin La Crosse, La Crosse, Wisconsin 54601, USA
    J Strength Cond Res 17:734-8. 2003
    ..01; r = 0.675). The present data suggest that the periodization pattern of basketball training may be linked to the likelihood of illness/injury...
  35. ncbi request reprint Effects of electrical muscle stimulation on body composition, muscle strength, and physical appearance
    John P Porcari
    Department of Exercise and Sports Science, University of Wisconsin La Crosse, La Crosse, Wisconsin 54601, USA
    J Strength Cond Res 16:165-72. 2002
    ..EMS had no significant effect on the any of the measured parameters. Thus, claims relative to the effectiveness of EMS for the apparently healthy individual are not supported by the findings of this study...
  36. ncbi request reprint A new approach to monitoring exercise training
    C Foster
    Department of Exercise and Sport Science, University of Wisconsin-La Crosse, 54601, USA
    J Strength Cond Res 15:109-15. 2001
    ..As such, this technique may hold promise as a mode and intensity-independent method of quantitating exercise training and may provide a tool to allow the quantitative evaluation of training periodization plans...
  37. ncbi request reprint Metabolic responses associated with deer hunting
    A T Peterson
    LaCrosse Exercise and Health Program, University of Wisconsin La Crosse, 54601, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 31:1844-8. 1999
    ..Previous studies have demonstrated large HR responses during deer hunting. This study compared the HR and metabolic costs of maximal treadmill (TM) exercise with those of hiking while deer hunting and while dragging a deer...
  38. ncbi request reprint ACSM and the emergence of the profession of exercise physiologist
    Carl Foster
    Department of Exercise and Sport Medicine, University of Wisconsin La Crosse, La Crosse, WI, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 35:1247. 2003
  39. ncbi request reprint The effects of gloves on grip strength and three-point pinch
    K M Rock
    Graduate Program in Exercise Physiology Human Performance, University of Wisconsin La Crosse, USA
    J Hand Ther 14:286-90. 2001
    ..nitrile glove, no glove vs. vinyl glove, and nitrile glove vs. vinyl glove. The results indicate that glove type may have clinical applications for occupational and physical therapists whose patients use gloves in the workplace...
  40. ncbi request reprint The role of information processing between the brain and peripheral physiological systems in pacing and perception of effort
    Alan St Clair Gibson
    Brain Sciences Research Group, MRC UCT Research Unit of Exercise Science and Sports Medicine, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa
    Sports Med 36:705-22. 2006
    ....
  41. doi request reprint One-year follow-up in a child with McArdle disease: exercise is medicine
    Margarita Perez
    Department of Exercise Physiology, Universidad Europea de Madrid, Madrid, Spain
    Pediatr Neurol 38:133-6. 2008
    ..8 to 21.8 mL O2/kg/min). The results suggest that, with protection by increasing pre-exercise blood glucose with carbohydrate ingestion, a substantially normal lifestyle may be possible in some children with McArdle disease...
  42. ncbi request reprint Guiding exercise using the talk test among patients with coronary artery disease
    Clinton A Brawner
    Preventive Cardiology, Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit, MI 48202, USA
    J Cardiopulm Rehabil 26:72-5; quiz 76-7. 2006
  43. ncbi request reprint Predictive validity of ventilatory and lactate thresholds for cycling time trial performance
    Markus Amann
    The Orthopedic Specialty Hospital, Salt Lake City, UT, USA
    Scand J Med Sci Sports 16:27-34. 2006
    ..To determine which laboratory measurement best predicts 40 km cycling time-trial (TT) performance...
  44. ncbi request reprint Effect of warm-up on cycle time trial performance
    Amanda Hajoglou
    University of Wisconsin La Crosse, 54601, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 37:1608-14. 2005
    ..This study was designed to determine the effect of warm-up on 3-km cycling time trial (TT) performance, and the influence of accelerated VO(2) kinetics on such effect...
  45. ncbi request reprint Pacing strategy and the occurrence of fatigue in 4000-m cycling time trials
    Florentina J Hettinga
    Institute for Fundamental and Clinical Human Movement Sciences Faculty of Human Movement Sciences, Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 38:1484-91. 2006
    ..The present study was designed to examine the role of central and peripheral fatigue on 4000-m cycling time trial performance by comparing changes in power output and integrated electromyography (iEMG) in differently paced maximal efforts...
  46. ncbi request reprint How do endurance runners actually train? Relationship with competition performance
    Jonathan Esteve-Lanao
    Exercise Physiology Laboratory, European University of Madrid, Spain
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 37:496-504. 2005
    ..To quantify the relationship between total training load and running performance during the most important competitions of the season (national cross-country championships, 4.175- and 10.130-km races)...
  47. ncbi request reprint Heart rate deflection point as a strategy to defend stroke volume during incremental exercise
    Pierre Marie Lepretre
    LEPHE, Department of STAPS, University of Evry Val d Essonne, Sport Medicine Center of the CCAS, 2 Ave Richerand, Paris F 75010, France
    J Appl Physiol 98:1660-5. 2005
    ..In conclusion, in well-trained subjects, the power associated with the SV(max)-HRDP relationship supposed that the HR deflection coincided with the optimal cardiac work for which SV(max) was attained...
  48. ncbi request reprint An evaluation of the predictive validity and reliability of ventilatory threshold
    Markus Amann
    The Orthopedic Specialty Hospital, Salt Lake City, UT, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 36:1716-22. 2004
    ..To identify a valid and reliable method to determine 40-km time trial (40K) performance in a laboratory setting...
  49. ncbi request reprint Experimental evaluation of the power balance model of speed skating
    Jos J de Koning
    Faculty of Human Movement Sciences, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Van der Boerststraat 9, 1081 BT Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    J Appl Physiol 98:227-33. 2005
    ..In addition to allowing improved predictions, the results demonstrate the importance of observations in unique subjects to the process of model construction...
  50. ncbi request reprint Physiological characteristics of the best Eritrean runners-exceptional running economy
    Alejandro Lucia
    Universidad Europea de Madrid, Madrid 28670, Spain
    Appl Physiol Nutr Metab 31:530-40. 2006
    ....
  51. ncbi request reprint Biodynamics. Effect of pacing strategy on energy expenditure during a 1500-m cycling time trial
    Florentina J Hettinga
    Research Institute MOVE, Faculty of Human Movement Sciences, VU University Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 39:2212-8. 2007
    ..To test this assumption, the effect of manipulations of pacing strategy on anaerobic work produced during a 1500-m cycling time trial was studied. Additionally, the effect of pacing strategy on aerobic and total work was studied...
  52. ncbi request reprint Decrease or no decrease in the stroke volume of healthy humans approaching volitional exhaustion during large muscle mass exercise
    Alejandro Lucia
    J Appl Physiol 104:281; author reply 284-5. 2008
  53. ncbi request reprint The fall and rise of the gender difference in elite anaerobic performance 1952-2006
    Stephen Seiler
    Faculty of Health and Sport, Agder University College, Kristiansand, Norway
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 39:534-40. 2007
    ..To compare the historical evolution of performance for males and females in anaerobically dominated sprint events in three different sports: running, swimming, and speed skating...
  54. ncbi request reprint The 577X allele of the ACTN3 gene is associated with improved exercise capacity in women with McArdle's disease
    Alejandro Lucia
    Universidad Europea de Madrid, Madrid, Spain
    Neuromuscul Disord 17:603-10. 2007
    ..2+/-0.7 ml/kg/min). No differences were found in male patients. In women with McArdle's disease, ACTN3 genotypes might partly explain the large individual variability that exists in the phenotypic manifestation of this disorder...
  55. ncbi request reprint Favorable responses to acute and chronic exercise in McArdle patients
    José L Maté-Muñoz
    Universidad Europea de Madrid, Madrid, Spain
    Clin J Sport Med 17:297-303. 2007
    ..This study reports acute exercise responses in a large (N = 46) series of patients with McArdle disease and responses to exercise training in a smaller (n = 9) set of patients...
  56. pmc The effect of ambient temperature on gross-efficiency in cycling
    Florentina J Hettinga
    Research Institute MOVE, Faculty of Human Movement Sciences, VU University, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Eur J Appl Physiol 101:465-71. 2007
    ..Cycling model simulations showed, that the decrease in GE could account for half of the performance decrement. GE decreased in heat to a degree that could explain at least part of the well-established performance decrements in the heat...
  57. ncbi request reprint The key to top-level endurance running performance: a unique example
    Alejandro Lucia
    Universidad Europea de Madrid, Madrid, Spain
    Br J Sports Med 42:172-4; discussion 174. 2008
  58. ncbi request reprint Impact of training intensity distribution on performance in endurance athletes
    Jonathan Esteve-Lanao
    Exercise Physiology Laboratory, European University of Madrid, Madrid, Spain
    J Strength Cond Res 21:943-9. 2007
    ....
  59. ncbi request reprint Exercise capacity in a child with McArdle disease
    Margarita Perez
    Universidad Europea de Madrid, 28670 Madrid, Spain
    J Child Neurol 22:880-2. 2007
    ....
  60. ncbi request reprint Double trouble (McArdle's disease and myasthenia gravis): how can exercise help?
    Alejandro Lucia
    Universidad Europea de Madrid, 28670 Madrid, Spain
    Muscle Nerve 35:125-8. 2007
    ..We conclude that even patients with profound neuromuscular diseases may benefit from carefully prescribed exercise training...
  61. ncbi request reprint Automated external defibrillators in health/fitness facilities: supplement to the AHA/ACSM Recommendations for Cardiovascular Screening, Staffing, and Emergency Policies at Health/Fitness Facilities
    Gary J Balady
    Circulation 105:1147-50. 2002
  62. ncbi request reprint Is brisk walking an adequate aerobic training stimulus for cardiac patients?
    Kristen J Quell
    Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiology Cardiac Rehabilitation, William Beaumont Hospital, Royal Oak, MI 48009, USA
    Chest 122:1852-6. 2002
    ..Thus, physicians and allied health professionals can prescribe brisk walking on a flat surface to their cardiac patients with confidence that this intensity will achieve cardiorespiratory and health benefits...
  63. ncbi request reprint Influence of testing protocol on ventilatory thresholds and cycling performance
    Markus Amann
    The Orthopedic Specialty Hospital, Salt Lake City, UT 84121, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 36:613-22. 2004
    ..To compare the ventilatory response of two incremental exercise tests and determine their predictive validity on 40-km cycle time trial (40K) mean power output (40Kavgwatts)...
  64. pmc Citius and longius (faster and longer) with no alpha-actinin-3 in skeletal muscles?
    Alejandro Lucia
    Department of Physiology, Universidad Europea de Madrid, Villaviciosa de Odón, Madrid, Spain
    Br J Sports Med 41:616-7. 2007
    ..26 m) whose genotype for the ACTN3 gene is 577XX (ACTN3 deficient). These data suggest that there might be notable exceptions to the concept that ACTN3 is the "gene for speed"...
  65. ncbi request reprint The effect of extrinsic motivation on cycle time trial performance
    Michiel Hulleman
    Institute for Fundamental and Clinical Human Movement Sciences, Faculty of Human Movement Sciences, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 39:709-15. 2007
    ..This study evaluated the effect of extrinsic motivation on cyclists' time trial performance...
  66. ncbi request reprint Is cardiorespiratory fitness related to quality of life in survivors of breast cancer?
    Fernando Herrero
    European University of Madrid, Madrid, Spain
    J Strength Cond Res 20:535-40. 2006
    ..The improvement of both submaximal indices can have a beneficial effect on QOL...
  67. ncbi request reprint Comments on Point:Counterpoint "Positive effects of intermittent hypoxia (live high:train low) on exercise performance are/are not mediated primarily by augmented red cell volume"
    Carl Foster
    J Appl Physiol 99:2461. 2005
  68. doi request reprint What isn't taught in medical schools: the William Wordsworth lesson
    Alejandro Lucia
    Department of Physiology, Universidad Europea de Madrid, Villaviciosa de Odón, E 28670 Madrid, Spain
    Nat Clin Pract Cardiovasc Med 5:372-4. 2008