Martha Farah

Summary

Affiliation: University of Pennsylvania
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi Environmental stimulation, parental nurturance and cognitive development in humans
    Martha J Farah
    Department of Psychology and Center for Cognitive Neuroscience, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Dev Sci 11:793-801. 2008
  2. doi That little matter of consciousness
    Martha Farah
    University of Pennsylvania, Center for Cognitive Neuroscience, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Am J Bioeth 8:17-9. 2008
  3. doi When we enhance cognition with Adderall, do we sacrifice creativity? A preliminary study
    Martha J Farah
    Center for Cognitive Neuroscience, University of Pennsylvania, 3720 Walnut Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Psychopharmacology (Berl) 202:541-7. 2009
  4. ncbi Childhood poverty: specific associations with neurocognitive development
    Martha J Farah
    Department of Psychology and Center for Cognitive Neuroscience, University of Pennsylvania, PA 19104, USA
    Brain Res 1110:166-74. 2006
  5. doi Neuroethics: the ethical, legal, and societal impact of neuroscience
    Martha J Farah
    Center for Neuroscience and Society, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, 19104, USA
    Annu Rev Psychol 63:571-91. 2012
  6. ncbi Personhood and neuroscience: naturalizing or nihilating?
    Martha J Farah
    Center for Cognitive Neuroscience, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Am J Bioeth 7:37-48. 2007
  7. ncbi Neuroethics: the practical and the philosophical
    Martha J Farah
    Center for Cognitive Neuroscience, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 9:34-40. 2005
  8. doi Brain imaging and brain privacy: a realistic concern?
    Martha J Farah
    University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    J Cogn Neurosci 21:119-27. 2009
  9. ncbi Neurocognitive enhancement: what can we do and what should we do?
    Martha J Farah
    Center for Cognitive Neuroscience, University of Pennsylvania, 3720 Walnut Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA
    Nat Rev Neurosci 5:421-5. 2004
  10. ncbi Emerging ethical issues in neuroscience
    Martha J Farah
    Center for Cognitive Neuroscience, University of Pennsylvania, 3815 Walnut St, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104 6196, USA
    Nat Neurosci 5:1123-9. 2002

Detail Information

Publications45

  1. ncbi Environmental stimulation, parental nurturance and cognitive development in humans
    Martha J Farah
    Department of Psychology and Center for Cognitive Neuroscience, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Dev Sci 11:793-801. 2008
    ..On the other hand, there was a selective relation between environmental stimulation and language development. The relevance of these findings to socioeconomic gradients in cognitive ability is discussed...
  2. doi That little matter of consciousness
    Martha Farah
    University of Pennsylvania, Center for Cognitive Neuroscience, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Am J Bioeth 8:17-9. 2008
  3. doi When we enhance cognition with Adderall, do we sacrifice creativity? A preliminary study
    Martha J Farah
    Center for Cognitive Neuroscience, University of Pennsylvania, 3720 Walnut Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Psychopharmacology (Berl) 202:541-7. 2009
    ..This raises the possibility that Adderall could decrease creativity in people using it for cognitive enhancement...
  4. ncbi Childhood poverty: specific associations with neurocognitive development
    Martha J Farah
    Department of Psychology and Center for Cognitive Neuroscience, University of Pennsylvania, PA 19104, USA
    Brain Res 1110:166-74. 2006
    ....
  5. doi Neuroethics: the ethical, legal, and societal impact of neuroscience
    Martha J Farah
    Center for Neuroscience and Society, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, 19104, USA
    Annu Rev Psychol 63:571-91. 2012
    ..The ethical, legal, and societal effects of these applications are discussed. Less practical, but perhaps ultimately more consequential, is the impact of neuroscience on our worldview and our understanding of the human person...
  6. ncbi Personhood and neuroscience: naturalizing or nihilating?
    Martha J Farah
    Center for Cognitive Neuroscience, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Am J Bioeth 7:37-48. 2007
    ..We review the evidence for the existence of an autonomous person network in the brain and discuss its implications for the field of ethics and for the implicit morality of everyday behavior...
  7. ncbi Neuroethics: the practical and the philosophical
    Martha J Farah
    Center for Cognitive Neuroscience, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 9:34-40. 2005
    ..This article reviews key examples of each type of issue, including the relevant advances in science and technology and their accompanying social and philosophical problems...
  8. doi Brain imaging and brain privacy: a realistic concern?
    Martha J Farah
    University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    J Cogn Neurosci 21:119-27. 2009
    ..By analyzing the published data from 16 studies, we demonstrate that the use of imaging to gather information about an individual's psychological traits is already possible, but to an extremely limited extent...
  9. ncbi Neurocognitive enhancement: what can we do and what should we do?
    Martha J Farah
    Center for Cognitive Neuroscience, University of Pennsylvania, 3720 Walnut Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA
    Nat Rev Neurosci 5:421-5. 2004
  10. ncbi Emerging ethical issues in neuroscience
    Martha J Farah
    Center for Cognitive Neuroscience, University of Pennsylvania, 3815 Walnut St, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104 6196, USA
    Nat Neurosci 5:1123-9. 2002
  11. doi Discussing smart pills versus endorsing smart pills: reply to Swanson, Wigal, and Volkow (2011) and Elliott and Elliott (2011)
    Martha J Farah
    Center for Neuroscience and Society, University of Pennsylvania, 3720 Walnut Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Psychol Bull 137:751-2. 2011
    ..We take issue only with the suggestion that our article was provocative and submit that the attempt to understand the use of stimulants as smart pills does not imply an endorsement of the practice...
  12. ncbi Dissociable elements of human foresight: a role for the ventromedial frontal lobes in framing the future, but not in discounting future rewards
    Lesley K Fellows
    Center for Cognitive Neuroscience, University of Pennsylvania, 3720 Walnut St, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Neuropsychologia 43:1214-21. 2005
    ..Apathy may deserve more attention in understanding both impaired future thinking and the impaired decision making that may result...
  13. ncbi Ventromedial frontal lobe plays a critical role in facial emotion recognition
    Andrea S Heberlein
    University of Pennsylvania, USA
    J Cogn Neurosci 20:721-33. 2008
    ..Taken together, our results indicate that the ventromedial frontal lobe plays a crucial role in facial emotion recognition, and suggest that this deficit may be related to the subjective experience of emotion...
  14. pmc Executive cognitive functions and impulsivity as correlates of risk taking and problem behavior in preadolescents
    Daniel Romer
    Adolescent Risk Communication Institute, Annenberg Public Policy Center, University of Pennsylvania, PA, USA
    Neuropsychologia 47:2916-26. 2009
    ....
  15. pmc Early parental care is important for hippocampal maturation: evidence from brain morphology in humans
    Hengyi Rao
    Center for Functional Neuroimaging, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Neuroimage 49:1144-50. 2010
    ..Our results provide neuroimaging evidence supporting the important role of warm parental care during early childhood for brain maturation...
  16. pmc Socioeconomic status and the developing brain
    Daniel A Hackman
    Center for Cognitive Neuroscience, Department of Psychology, University of Pennsylvania, 3720 Walnut Street, Room B51, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6241, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 13:65-73. 2009
    ..Implications for basic cognitive neuroscience and for understanding and ameliorating the problems related to childhood poverty are discussed...
  17. ncbi Memories affect mood: evidence from covert experimental assignment to positive, neutral, and negative memory recall
    Seth J Gillihan
    Center for Cognitive Neuroscience, Department of Psychology, University of Pennsylvania, 3720 Walnut Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Acta Psychol (Amst) 125:144-54. 2007
    ..These results suggest that valenced memory recall does indeed exert an effect on mood, and may do so even without the individual's awareness...
  18. pmc Contrasting roles for lateral and ventromedial prefrontal cortex in transient and dispositional affective experience
    Seth J Gillihan
    Center for Cognitive Neuroscience, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 6:128-37. 2011
    ..This study also illustrates the dissociability of different aspects of emotional experience in patients with focal brain injury...
  19. ncbi Genetic variation in serotonin transporter alters resting brain function in healthy individuals
    Hengyi Rao
    Center for Functional Neuroimaging, Department of Neurology and Radiology, University of Pennsylvania, 3400 Spruce Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Biol Psychiatry 62:600-6. 2007
    ..Perfusion functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) was used to investigate the effect of genetic variation of the human serotonin transporter (5-HTT) gene (5-HTTLPR, SLC6A4) on resting brain function of healthy individuals...
  20. ncbi Neurocognitive correlates of socioeconomic status in kindergarten children
    Kimberly G Noble
    Sackler Institute for Developmental Psychobiology, 1300 York Avenue, Box 140, New York, NY 10021, USA
    Dev Sci 8:74-87. 2005
    ....
  21. ncbi Ventromedial frontal cortex mediates affective shifting in humans: evidence from a reversal learning paradigm
    Lesley K Fellows
    Center for Cognitive Neuroscience, University of Pennsylvania, 3815 Walnut St, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6196, USA
    Brain 126:1830-7. 2003
    ..Neither form of frontal damage affected initial stimulus-reinforcement learning; ventromedial frontal damage selectively impaired reversal learning...
  22. ncbi Is self special? A critical review of evidence from experimental psychology and cognitive neuroscience
    Seth J Gillihan
    Center for Cognitive Neuroscience, Department of Psychology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Psychol Bull 131:76-97. 2005
    ....
  23. pmc Serotonin transporter genotype modulates amygdala activity during mood regulation
    Seth J Gillihan
    Center for Cognitive Neuroscience, Department of Psychology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 5:1-10. 2010
    ....
  24. ncbi Different underlying impairments in decision-making following ventromedial and dorsolateral frontal lobe damage in humans
    Lesley K Fellows
    Center for Cognitive Neuroscience, University of Pennsylvania, 3720 Walnut St, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6241, USA
    Cereb Cortex 15:58-63. 2005
    ..We found that both VMF and DLF damage leads to impaired IGT performance. The impairment of VMF subjects, but not of DLF subjects, seems to be largely explained by an underlying reversal learning deficit...
  25. ncbi Monitoring and manipulating brain function: new neuroscience technologies and their ethical implications
    Martha J Farah
    Center for Cognitive Neuroscience, University of Pennsylvania, USA
    Hastings Cent Rep 34:35-45. 2004
  26. ncbi Is anterior cingulate cortex necessary for cognitive control?
    Lesley K Fellows
    Center for Cognitive Neuroscience, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    Brain 128:788-96. 2005
    ..Thus, cognitive control, as assessed by four different measures in two different tasks, appears to be intact in these subjects, arguing against a necessary role for dACC in this process...
  27. ncbi Association between serotonin transporter genotype and extraversion
    Seth J Gillihan
    Center for Cognitive Neuroscience, Department of Psychology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia 19104 3403, Pennsylvania, USA
    Psychiatr Genet 17:351-4. 2007
    ..4% of the variance in extraversion. These findings provide support for the effect of the 5-HTTLPR, and for the serotonergic system more broadly, on behaviors related to extraversion...
  28. doi Functional magnetic resonance imaging and working memory in adolescents with gestational cocaine exposure
    Hallam Hurt
    Department of Neonatology, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
    J Pediatr 152:371-7. 2008
    ..To assess the effect of gestational cocaine exposure on the prefrontal cortex (PFC) with functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI)...
  29. pmc Children with and without gestational cocaine exposure: a neurocognitive systems analysis
    Hallam Hurt
    Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, University of Pennsylvania and The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Neurotoxicol Teratol 31:334-41. 2009
    ..GCE has been shown to affect language, attention and perceptual reasoning skills...
  30. pmc Socioeconomic status and the brain: mechanistic insights from human and animal research
    Daniel A Hackman
    Center for Cognitive Neuroscience, Center for Neuroscience and Society, Department of Psychology, University of Pennsylvania, 3720 Walnut Street, Room B51, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104 6241, USA
    Nat Rev Neurosci 11:651-9. 2010
    ....
  31. ncbi When does the visual system use viewpoint-invariant representations during recognition?
    Kevin D Wilson
    Department of Psychology, University of Pennsylvania, 3815 Walnut Street, Pennsylvania, PA 19104, USA
    Brain Res Cogn Brain Res 16:399-415. 2003
    ..Rather, our results suggest that top-down control processes, as well as bottom-up stimulus features, jointly determine the conditions under which the visual system uses viewpoint-invariant representations during visual recognition...
  32. ncbi COMT genotype influences prefrontal response to emotional distraction
    Sonia J Bishop
    MRC Wellcome Trust Behavioural and Clinical Neuroscience Institute, Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge CB2 3EB, England
    Cogn Affect Behav Neurosci 6:62-70. 2006
    ..These findings provide an initial step toward identifying genetic contributions to interindividual variability in recruitment of mechanisms that regulate affective processing...
  33. ncbi Neuroethics: a guide for the perplexed
    Martha J Farah
    Cerebrum 6:29-38. 2004
    ..b>Martha Farah, an early thinker in this new field, proposes that, numerous as they are, the problems actually fall into just ..
  34. ncbi Selection ability in Alzheimer's disease: investigation of a component of semantic processing
    Lynette J Tippett
    Department of Psychology, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand
    Neuropsychology 18:163-73. 2004
    ..Selection deficits on verb generation were evident only relative to nonspeeded controls. Overall results indicate impaired semantic selection abilities in AD, which may contribute to poor performance on some semantic tasks...
  35. ncbi Brain-behavior relationships in reading acquisition are modulated by socioeconomic factors
    Kimberly G Noble
    Sackler Institute for Developmental Psychobiology, Weill Medical College of Cornell University, New York, NY 10021, USA
    Dev Sci 9:642-54. 2006
    ..Socioeconomic background factors are thus found to modulate brain-behavior relationships in reading, indicating that cognitive, social, and neurobiological influences on reading development are fundamentally intertwined...
  36. ncbi Visual object and face processing in mild-to-moderate Alzheimer's disease: from segmentation to imagination
    Lynette J Tippett
    Department of Psychology, University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019, Auckland, New Zealand
    Neuropsychologia 41:453-68. 2003
    ..The latter of these is related to semantic-lexical impairment...
  37. ncbi Socioeconomic gradients predict individual differences in neurocognitive abilities
    Kimberly G Noble
    University of Pennsylvania Center for Cognitive Neuroscience, PA, USA
    Dev Sci 10:464-80. 2007
    ..SES explained over 30% of the variance in language, and a smaller but highly significant portion of the variance in most other systems. Statistically mediating factors and possible interventional approaches are discussed...
  38. ncbi The influence of sad mood on cognition
    Lara G Chepenik
    Mood Disorders Research Program, Department of Psychiatry, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06511, USA
    Emotion 7:802-11. 2007
    ..These results are consistent with circumscribed effects of sad mood on certain emotion-related cognitive processes, but not on cognition more generally...
  39. ncbi The role of ventromedial prefrontal cortex in decision making: judgment under uncertainty or judgment per se?
    Lesley K Fellows
    Department of Neurology and Neurosurgery, McGill University, Montreal Neurological Institute, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Cereb Cortex 17:2669-74. 2007
    ..These results argue that VMF plays a necessary role in certain as well as uncertain decision making in humans...
  40. ncbi Neural and behavioral substrates of mood and mood regulation
    Richard J Davidson
    Department of Psychology, University of Wisconsin Madison, Madison, Wisconsin 53706, USA
    Biol Psychiatry 52:478-502. 2002
    ..Training interdisciplinary clinical scientists who meaningfully draw upon both behavioral and neuroscientific literatures and methods is critically required for the realization of these goals...
  41. ncbi Functional MRI evidence for an abstract, not perceptual, word-form area
    Thad A Polk
    Department of Psychology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor 48109 1109, USA
    J Exp Psychol Gen 131:65-72. 2002
    ..These results suggest that the response of the so-called word-form area is not based on perceptual familiarity but rather on some more abstract feature such as orthographic regularity...
  42. doi Rationality is a better basis for ethics than repugnance
    Martha J Farah
    Nature 451:521. 2008
  43. ncbi Distinct patterns of viewpoint-dependent BOLD activity during common-object recognition and mental rotation
    Kevin D Wilson
    Department of Psychology, Gettysburg College, Gettysburg, PA 17325, USA
    Perception 35:1351-66. 2006
    ..The present results are inconsistent with the hypothesis that misoriented object recognition is mediated by structures within the parietal lobe that are known to be involved in mental rotation...
  44. ncbi Social, legal, and ethical implications of cognitive neuroscience: "neuroethics" for short
    Martha J Farah
    J Cogn Neurosci 19:363-4. 2007
  45. ncbi Neural specialization for letter recognition
    Thad A Polk
    Department of Psychology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
    J Cogn Neurosci 14:145-59. 2002
    ..These results demonstrate that neural specialization in the human brain can extend to a category of stimuli that is culturally defined and that is acquired many years postnatally...

Research Grants15

  1. SES, Childhood Experience, and The Neural Bases of Learning
    Martha Farah; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....
  2. Poverty and the Brain: A Cognitive Neuroscience Analysis
    Martha Farah; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Neurocognitive systems mediating resilience and successful adolescence will also be sought. ..
  3. Poverty and the Brain: A Cognitive Neuroscience Analysis
    Martha Farah; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  4. Normal Impulsivity: A Cognitive Neuroscience Analysis
    Martha Farah; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  5. SEMANTIC AND VISUAL COGNITION IN ALZHEIMERS DISEASE
    Martha Farah; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..In addition, new predictions of the computational hypotheses have been derived and will form the basis of further empirical tests with human subjects. ..
  6. SES, Childhood Experience, and The Neural Bases of Learning
    Martha J Farah; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....