A Fagerlin

Summary

Affiliation: University of Michigan
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Projection in surrogate decisions about life-sustaining medical treatments
    A Fagerlin
    Department of Psychology, Kent State University, Akron, Ohio, USA
    Health Psychol 20:166-75. 2001
  2. ncbi request reprint Reducing the influence of anecdotal reasoning on people's health care decisions: is a picture worth a thousand statistics?
    Angela Fagerlin
    VA Health Services Research and Development Center of Excellence, VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 0429, USA
    Med Decis Making 25:398-405. 2005
  3. ncbi request reprint How making a risk estimate can change the feel of that risk: shifting attitudes toward breast cancer risk in a general public survey
    Angela Fagerlin
    VA Health Services Research and Development Center for Practice Management and Outcomes Research, VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
    Patient Educ Couns 57:294-9. 2005
  4. pmc Helping patients decide: ten steps to better risk communication
    Angela Fagerlin
    Center for Bioethics and Social Sciences in Medicine, 300 North Ingalls St, Rm 7C27, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 5429, USA
    J Natl Cancer Inst 103:1436-43. 2011
  5. ncbi request reprint Patient education materials about the treatment of early-stage prostate cancer: a critical review
    Angela Fagerlin
    Veterans Administration Center for Practice Management and Outcomes Research, Veterans Administration Healthcare System, and Division of General Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 0429, USA
    Ann Intern Med 140:721-8. 2004
  6. pmc Women's interest in taking tamoxifen and raloxifene for breast cancer prevention: response to a tailored decision aid
    Angela Fagerlin
    Ann Arbor VA HSR and D Center for Practice Management and Outcomes Research, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
    Breast Cancer Res Treat 127:681-8. 2011
  7. ncbi request reprint Making numbers matter: present and future research in risk communication
    Angela Fagerlin
    Ann Arbor VA HSR and D Center for Excellence, Division of General Internal Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 0429, USA
    Am J Health Behav 31:S47-56. 2007
  8. ncbi request reprint An informed decision? Breast cancer patients and their knowledge about treatment
    Angela Fagerlin
    VA Health Services Research and Development Center for Practice Management and Outcomes Research, VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
    Patient Educ Couns 64:303-12. 2006
  9. pmc "If I'm better than average, then I'm ok?": Comparative information influences beliefs about risk and benefits
    Angela Fagerlin
    VA Health Services Research and Development Center for Practice Management and Outcomes Research, VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System, Ann Arbor, MI, United States
    Patient Educ Couns 69:140-4. 2007
  10. pmc Satisfaction with surgery outcomes and the decision process in a population-based sample of women with breast cancer
    Paula M Lantz
    109 Observatory, Department of Health Management and Policy, University of Michigan School of Public Health, Ann Arbor, MI, 48109 2029, USA
    Health Serv Res 40:745-67. 2005

Detail Information

Publications59

  1. ncbi request reprint Projection in surrogate decisions about life-sustaining medical treatments
    A Fagerlin
    Department of Psychology, Kent State University, Akron, Ohio, USA
    Health Psychol 20:166-75. 2001
    ..The rationality and accuracy of projection in surrogate decision making is discussed...
  2. ncbi request reprint Reducing the influence of anecdotal reasoning on people's health care decisions: is a picture worth a thousand statistics?
    Angela Fagerlin
    VA Health Services Research and Development Center of Excellence, VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 0429, USA
    Med Decis Making 25:398-405. 2005
    ..People's treatment decisions are often influenced by anecdotal rather than statistical information. This can lead to patients making decisions based on others' experiences rather than on evidence-based medicine...
  3. ncbi request reprint How making a risk estimate can change the feel of that risk: shifting attitudes toward breast cancer risk in a general public survey
    Angela Fagerlin
    VA Health Services Research and Development Center for Practice Management and Outcomes Research, VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
    Patient Educ Couns 57:294-9. 2005
    ..001). Asking people to estimate risks influenced their subsequent perceptions of the risk of breast cancer...
  4. pmc Helping patients decide: ten steps to better risk communication
    Angela Fagerlin
    Center for Bioethics and Social Sciences in Medicine, 300 North Ingalls St, Rm 7C27, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 5429, USA
    J Natl Cancer Inst 103:1436-43. 2011
    ....
  5. ncbi request reprint Patient education materials about the treatment of early-stage prostate cancer: a critical review
    Angela Fagerlin
    Veterans Administration Center for Practice Management and Outcomes Research, Veterans Administration Healthcare System, and Division of General Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 0429, USA
    Ann Intern Med 140:721-8. 2004
    ..To ensure that patients make informed medical decisions, patient education materials must communicate treatment risks and benefits...
  6. pmc Women's interest in taking tamoxifen and raloxifene for breast cancer prevention: response to a tailored decision aid
    Angela Fagerlin
    Ann Arbor VA HSR and D Center for Practice Management and Outcomes Research, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
    Breast Cancer Res Treat 127:681-8. 2011
    ..Over 50% did not perceive a change in their risk of getting breast cancer if they took tamoxifen or raloxifene. After reading a DA about tamoxifen and raloxifene, few women were interested in taking either breast cancer prevention drug...
  7. ncbi request reprint Making numbers matter: present and future research in risk communication
    Angela Fagerlin
    Ann Arbor VA HSR and D Center for Excellence, Division of General Internal Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 0429, USA
    Am J Health Behav 31:S47-56. 2007
    ..To summarize existing research on individual numeracy and methods for presenting risk information to patients...
  8. ncbi request reprint An informed decision? Breast cancer patients and their knowledge about treatment
    Angela Fagerlin
    VA Health Services Research and Development Center for Practice Management and Outcomes Research, VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
    Patient Educ Couns 64:303-12. 2006
    ..The objective of the current study was to evaluate women's knowledge of survival and recurrence rates for mastectomy and breast conserving surgery (BCS) and the factors associated with this knowledge...
  9. pmc "If I'm better than average, then I'm ok?": Comparative information influences beliefs about risk and benefits
    Angela Fagerlin
    VA Health Services Research and Development Center for Practice Management and Outcomes Research, VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System, Ann Arbor, MI, United States
    Patient Educ Couns 69:140-4. 2007
    ..To test whether providing comparative risk information changes risk perceptions...
  10. pmc Satisfaction with surgery outcomes and the decision process in a population-based sample of women with breast cancer
    Paula M Lantz
    109 Observatory, Department of Health Management and Policy, University of Michigan School of Public Health, Ann Arbor, MI, 48109 2029, USA
    Health Serv Res 40:745-67. 2005
    ..4 percent response rate)...
  11. ncbi request reprint Mortality versus survival graphs: improving temporal consistency in perceptions of treatment effectiveness
    Brian J Zikmund-Fisher
    Health Services Research and Development Center for Practice Management and Outcomes Research, VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System, Ann Arbor, MI, United States
    Patient Educ Couns 66:100-7. 2007
    ..Previous research has demonstrated that people perceive treatments as less effective when survival graphs show fewer years of data versus more data. We tested whether using mortality graphs would reduce this temporal inconsistency bias...
  12. pmc Evidence-based patient choice: a prostate cancer decision aid in plain language
    Margaret Holmes-Rovner
    Department of Medicine, Michigan State University, C214 East Fee, East Lansing, MI, USA
    BMC Med Inform Decis Mak 5:16. 2005
    ..The plain language DA prototype addressed treatment decisions for localized prostate cancer. Evaluation assessed impact on knowledge, decisions, and discussions with doctors in men newly diagnosed with prostate cancer...
  13. pmc Presenting research risks and benefits to parents: does format matter?
    Alan R Tait
    Department of Anesthesiology, University of Michigan Health System, 1500 E Medical Center Drive, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
    Anesth Analg 111:718-23. 2010
    ..We examined the effect of tabular and graphical presentation of risks and benefits on parents' understanding of a research study...
  14. pmc Communicating side effect risks in a tamoxifen prophylaxis decision aid: the debiasing influence of pictographs
    Brian J Zikmund-Fisher
    VA Health Services Research and Development Center of Excellence, VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
    Patient Educ Couns 73:209-14. 2008
    ....
  15. pmc Screening experiments and the use of fractional factorial designs in behavioral intervention research
    Vijay Nair
    Department of Statistics, University of Michigan, 439 West Hall, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
    Am J Public Health 98:1354-9. 2008
    ..We then use 2 ongoing behavioral intervention projects to illustrate the usefulness of FFDs. FFDs should be supplemented with follow-up experiments in the refining phase so any critical assumptions about interactions can be verified...
  16. doi request reprint The accuracy of predicting parity as a prerequisite for cesarean delivery on maternal request
    Kristie Keeton
    Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 112:285-9. 2008
    ..We sought to estimate the accuracy with which women were able to predict their final parity...
  17. pmc Racial/ethnic disparities in knowledge about risks and benefits of breast cancer treatment: does it matter where you go?
    Sarah T Hawley
    Division of General Medicine, University of Michigan Health System and Ann Arbor VA Medical Center, 300 N Ingalls Room 7C27, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
    Health Serv Res 43:1366-87. 2008
    ..DATA SOURCES/DATA COLLECTION: Survey responses and clinical data from breast cancer patients of Detroit and Los Angeles SEER registries were merged with surgeon survey responses (N=1,132 patients, 277 surgeons)...
  18. doi request reprint The impact of the format of graphical presentation on health-related knowledge and treatment choices
    Sarah T Hawley
    Division of General Medicine, Center for Behavioral and Decision Sciences in Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, United States, United States
    Patient Educ Couns 73:448-55. 2008
    ..To evaluate the ability of six graph formats to impart knowledge about treatment risks/benefits to low and high numeracy individuals...
  19. doi request reprint Alternate methods of framing information about medication side effects: incremental risk versus total risk of occurrence
    Brian J Zikmund-Fisher
    VA Center for Clinical Management Research, VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 5429, USA
    J Health Commun 13:107-24. 2008
    ..Presenting adverse reaction risks in this manner may improve patient comprehension of the effects of treatment decisions and support effective risk communication...
  20. pmc Women's decisions regarding tamoxifen for breast cancer prevention: responses to a tailored decision aid
    Angela Fagerlin
    Ann Arbor VA HSR and D, Center for Clinical Management Research, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
    Breast Cancer Res Treat 119:613-20. 2010
    ..After viewing the DA, women demonstrated good understanding of tamoxifen's risks and benefits, but most were not interested in taking tamoxifen for breast cancer chemoprevention...
  21. pmc Improving understanding of adjuvant therapy options by using simpler risk graphics
    Brian J Zikmund-Fisher
    Health Services Research and Development Center for Clinical Management Research, Veterans Administration Ann Arbor Healthcare System, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
    Cancer 113:3382-90. 2008
    ..However, the graphical format used to display these results (a set of 4 horizontal stacked bars) may be suboptimal. The authors tested whether using simpler formats would improve comprehension of the relevant risk statistics...
  22. doi request reprint Use of the Internet and ratings of information sources for medical decisions: results from the DECISIONS survey
    Mick P Couper
    Survey Research Center, Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48106, USA
    Med Decis Making 30:106S-114S. 2010
    ..The rise in Internet use for seeking health information raises questions about the role the Internet may play in how patients make medical decisions...
  23. doi request reprint Deficits and variations in patients' experience with making 9 common medical decisions: the DECISIONS survey
    Brian J Zikmund-Fisher
    VA Health Services Research and Development Center for Clinical Management Research, VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
    Med Decis Making 30:85S-95S. 2010
    ....
  24. doi request reprint Patients' knowledge about 9 common health conditions: the DECISIONS survey
    Angela Fagerlin
    VA Health Services Research and Development Center of Excellence, VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
    Med Decis Making 30:35S-52S. 2010
    ..To make informed decisions, patients must have adequate knowledge of key decision-relevant facts...
  25. pmc Risky feelings: why a 6% risk of cancer does not always feel like 6%
    Brian J Zikmund-Fisher
    Department of Health Behavior and Health Education, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 2029, USA
    Patient Educ Couns 81:S87-93. 2010
    ..We sought to discuss and put into context several lines of research that have explored the links between emotion and risk perceptions...
  26. pmc The effect of format on parents' understanding of the risks and benefits of clinical research: a comparison between text, tables, and graphics
    Alan R Tait
    Department of Anesthesiology, University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109, USA
    J Health Commun 15:487-501. 2010
    ..These results underscore the difficulties associated with presenting risk/benefit information for clinical research but suggest a simple method for enhancing parents' informed understanding of the relevant statistics...
  27. pmc Effect of various risk/benefit trade-offs on parents' understanding of a pediatric research study
    Alan R Tait
    Department of Anesthesiology, University of Michigan Health System, 1500 E Medical Center Dr, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
    Pediatrics 125:e1475-82. 2010
    ..This study was designed to examine the effect of factors including manipulation of risk/benefit trade-offs, numeracy, and sociodemographics on parents' understanding of risks and benefits...
  28. doi request reprint The DECISIONS study: a nationwide survey of United States adults regarding 9 common medical decisions
    Brian J Zikmund-Fisher
    VA Health Services Research and Development Center of Excellence, VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
    Med Decis Making 30:20S-34S. 2010
    ..Yet no study has specifically examined how and when a representative sample of patients considered, discussed, and made medical decisions...
  29. pmc A demonstration of ''less can be more'' in risk graphics
    Brian J Zikmund-Fisher
    VA Health Services Research and Development Center for Clinical Management Research, VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
    Med Decis Making 30:661-71. 2010
    ..The graphical format typically displays 4 outcomes simultaneously: survival, mortality due to cancer, other-cause mortality, and incremental survival due to adjuvant treatment...
  30. pmc Testing whether decision aids introduce cognitive biases: results of a randomized trial
    Peter A Ubel
    VA Health Services Research and Development Center of Excellence, VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
    Patient Educ Couns 80:158-63. 2010
    ..Decision aids (DAs) offer a promising method of helping them make this decision. But concern lingers that DAs might introduce cognitive biases...
  31. pmc Does labeling prenatal screening test results as negative or positive affect a woman's responses?
    Brian J Zikmund-Fisher
    Center for Practice Management and Outcomes Research, Health Services Research and Development Service, VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 197:528.e1-6. 2007
    ..We tested whether adding interpretive labels (eg, "negative test") to prenatal genetic screening test results changes perceived risk and preferences for amniocentesis...
  32. ncbi request reprint Validation of the Subjective Numeracy Scale: effects of low numeracy on comprehension of risk communications and utility elicitations
    Brian J Zikmund-Fisher
    VA Health Services Research and Development Center for Practice Management and Outcomes Research, VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
    Med Decis Making 27:663-71. 2007
    ..In a companion article, the authors describe the Subjective Numeracy Scale (SNS), a self-assessment of numerical aptitude and preferences for numbers that correlates strongly with objective numeracy...
  33. ncbi request reprint Population-based study of the relationship of treatment and sociodemographics on quality of life for early stage breast cancer
    Nancy K Janz
    Department of Health Behavior and Health Education, School of Public Health, University of Michigan, 1420 Washington Heights, Ann Arbor, MI, 48109 2029, USA
    Qual Life Res 14:1467-79. 2005
    ..To examine the relationship between cancer stage, surgical treatment and chemotherapy on quality of life (QOL) after breast cancer and determine if sociodemographic characteristics modify the observed relationships...
  34. ncbi request reprint What is perfect health to an 85-year-old?: evidence for scale recalibration in subjective health ratings
    Peter A Ubel
    Program for Improving Health Care Decisions, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, and the Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 0429, USA
    Med Care 43:1054-7. 2005
    ....
  35. ncbi request reprint Patient involvement in surgery treatment decisions for breast cancer
    Steven J Katz
    Division of General Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan, 300 N Ingalls, Ste 7E12, Box 0429, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 0429, USA
    J Clin Oncol 23:5526-33. 2005
    ..We examined the relationship between patient involvement in decision making and type of surgical treatment for women with breast cancer...
  36. ncbi request reprint What's time got to do with it? Inattention to duration in interpretation of survival graphs
    Brian J Zikmund-Fisher
    VA Health Services Research and Development Center for Practice Management and Outcomes Research, VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
    Risk Anal 25:589-95. 2005
    ..g., in the title) and remind readers that attending to graph axis labels is the only way to pierce these visual illusions...
  37. ncbi request reprint Cure me even if it kills me: preferences for invasive cancer treatment
    Angela Fagerlin
    VA Health Services Research and Development Center of Excellence, VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
    Med Decis Making 25:614-9. 2005
    ..This study assessed the proportion of people choosing nonoptimal treatments (treatments which reduced survival chances) when presented with hypothetical cancer scenarios which varied by outcome cause...
  38. ncbi request reprint Correlates of between-surgeon variation in breast cancer treatments
    Sarah T Hawley
    Division of General Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan, 300 N Ingalls, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
    Med Care 44:609-16. 2006
    ..Determinants of between-surgeon variation in breast cancer treatment utilization are not well understood...
  39. ncbi request reprint "Is 28% good or bad?" Evaluability and preference reversals in health care decisions
    Brian J Zikmund-Fisher
    Veterans Affairs Health Services Research and Development Center for Practice Management and Outcomes Research, Veterans Affairs Ann Arbor Healthcare System, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
    Med Decis Making 24:142-8. 2004
    ..9 v. 6.7, P = 0.051). The results suggest that clinicians and developers of patient information materials alike should consider information evaluability when deciding how to present health care options to patients...
  40. pmc A matter of perspective: choosing for others differs from choosing for yourself in making treatment decisions
    Brian J Zikmund-Fisher
    VA Health Services Research and Development Center for Practice Management and Outcomes Research, VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 21:618-22. 2006
    ..Many people display omission bias in medical decision making, accepting the risk of passive nonintervention rather than actively choosing interventions (such as vaccinations) that result in lower levels of risk...
  41. pmc Patterns and correlates of local therapy for women with ductal carcinoma-in-situ
    Steven J Katz
    Department of Medicine and Health Management and Policy, University of Michigan, 300 N Ingalls, Ste 7E12, Box 0429, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 0429, USA
    J Clin Oncol 23:3001-7. 2005
    ....
  42. pmc The influence of race, ethnicity, and individual socioeconomic factors on breast cancer stage at diagnosis
    Paula M Lantz
    Department of Health Management and Policy and the Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, 48109 2029, USA
    Am J Public Health 96:2173-8. 2006
    ..This study investigated the relation between race/ethnicity, individual socioeconomic status, and breast cancer stage at diagnosis...
  43. pmc Breast cancer treatment experiences of Latinas in Los Angeles County
    Steven J Katz
    Department of Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 0429, USA
    Am J Public Health 95:2225-30. 2005
    ..We examined breast cancer treatment experiences of and outcomes for Latinas in Los Angeles County...
  44. ncbi request reprint Measuring numeracy without a math test: development of the Subjective Numeracy Scale
    Angela Fagerlin
    VA Health Services Research and Development Center for Practice Management and Outcomes Research, VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
    Med Decis Making 27:672-80. 2007
    ..Basic numeracy skills are necessary before patients can understand the risks of medical treatments. Previous research has used objective measures, similar to mathematics tests, to evaluate numeracy...
  45. ncbi request reprint Surgeon perspectives about local therapy for breast carcinoma
    Steven J Katz
    Division of General Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 0429, USA
    Cancer 104:1854-61. 2005
    ..Geographic variations in the use of mastectomy and the use of radiation therapy (RT) after breast-conserving surgery (BCS) have motivated concerns that surgeons are not uniformly adhering to treatment standards...
  46. ncbi request reprint Racial/ethnic disparities in the treatment of localized/regional prostate cancer
    Willie Underwood
    Department of Urology, University of Michigan, Veterans Affairs Center for Practice Management and Outcomes Research, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 0759, USA
    J Urol 171:1504-7. 2004
    ..The effect of race on the use of contemporary definitive therapies, including brachytherapy, and the assessment of Hispanic men with regard to racial/ethnic disparity has not been fully characterized...
  47. ncbi request reprint Effect of assessment method on the discrepancy between judgments of health disorders people have and do not have: a web study
    Jonathan Baron
    Department of Psychology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6196, USA
    Med Decis Making 23:422-34. 2003
    ..The discrepancy varied in size and direction across disorders. Subjects also thought that they would be less affected than others...
  48. doi request reprint The potential impact of decision role and patient age on end-of-life treatment decision making
    B J Zikmund-Fisher
    Center for Behavioral and Decision Sciences in Medicine, 300 North Ingalls Building, Room 7C27, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 0429, USA
    J Med Ethics 34:327-31. 2008
    ..We examine the impact of decision role, patient age, decision maker age and multiple individual differences on these treatment decisions...
  49. doi request reprint Narratives that address affective forecasting errors reduce perceived barriers to colorectal cancer screening
    Amanda J Dillard
    University of Michigan, Center for Behavioral and Decision Sciences in Medicine, 300 N Ingalls, 7B02, Ann Arbor, MI, United States
    Soc Sci Med 71:45-52. 2010
    ..The narrative also increased risk perception for colorectal cancer and interest in screening in the next year...
  50. ncbi request reprint Ignorance of hedonic adaptation to hemodialysis: a study using ecological momentary assessment
    Jason Riis
    Department of Psychology, University of Michigan, MI, USA
    J Exp Psychol Gen 134:3-9. 2005
    ..This relative negativity in controls' estimates of their own moods could also contribute to their underestimation of the moods and overall well-being of patients...
  51. ncbi request reprint Enough. The failure of the living will
    Angela Fagerlin
    Ann Arbor VA HSR and D Center for Practice Management and Outcomes Research, Program for Improving Health Care Decisions, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan, USA
    Hastings Cent Rep 34:30-42. 2004
    ..But the policy has not produced results, and should be abandoned...
  52. ncbi request reprint Stability of older adults' preferences for life-sustaining medical treatment
    Peter H Ditto
    Department of Psychology and Social Behavior, University of California, Irvine 92696 7085, USA
    Health Psychol 22:605-15. 2003
    ....
  53. ncbi request reprint Rethinking the objectives of decision aids: a call for conceptual clarity
    Wendy L Nelson
    Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, USA
    Med Decis Making 27:609-18. 2007
    ..Second, the authors argue that the goal of reducing decisional conflict is conceptually untenable and propose that it be eliminated as an objective of decision aids...
  54. pmc Clinical implications of numeracy: theory and practice
    Wendy Nelson
    Basic and Biobehavioral Research Branch, DCCPS, National Cancer Institute, 6130 Executive Blvd, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Ann Behav Med 35:261-74. 2008
    ....
  55. ncbi request reprint Correlates of breast reconstruction: results from a population-based study
    Monica Morrow
    Department of Surgical Oncology, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19111 2497, USA
    Cancer 104:2340-6. 2005
    ..The purpose of the current study was to identify patient attitudes and preferences associated with breast reconstruction, and whether these differed by race...
  56. ncbi request reprint Context changes choices: a prospective study of the effects of hospitalization on life-sustaining treatment preferences
    Peter H Ditto
    Department of Psychology and Social Behavior, 3340 Social Ecology II, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697 7085, USA
    Med Decis Making 26:313-22. 2006
    ..To test this assumption, the authors examine the life-sustaining treatment preferences of a sample of elderly adults prior to, soon after, and several months after a hospitalization experience...
  57. ncbi request reprint The "Hassle Factor": what motivates physicians to manipulate reimbursement rules?
    Rachel M Werner
    Department of Internal Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Arch Intern Med 162:1134-9. 2002
    ..This study sought to determine the relationship between the likelihood of a successful appeal, appeals process length, and severity of the health condition and physicians' willingness to sanction deception...
  58. ncbi request reprint Reflections from the population: survey methods
    Laurence F McMahon
    J Clin Gastroenterol 38:307-8. 2004
  59. ncbi request reprint Support for physician deception of insurance companies among a sample of Philadelphia residents
    G Caleb Alexander
    University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, USA
    Ann Intern Med 138:472-5. 2003
    ..Some physicians seem to be willing to sanction deception of insurance companies. Little is known about public attitudes regarding this practice...