E M Evans

Summary

Affiliation: University of Illinois
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint A mathematical method to estimate body composition in tall individuals using DXA
    Ellen M Evans
    Department of Kinesiology and Community Health, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Urbana Champaign, IL 61801, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 37:1211-5. 2005
  2. ncbi request reprint Ultrasound of the calcaneus and bone mineral density differs in older black and white women but is not impacted by current physical activity
    Ellen M Evans
    Department of Kinesiology and Community Health, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, 906 S Goodwin Avenue, 215 Freer Hall, MC 052, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    Osteoporos Int 16:1755-60. 2005
  3. ncbi request reprint Relation of bone mineral density and content to mineral content and density of the fat-free mass
    E M Evans
    Department of Exercise Science, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia 30602 6554, USA
    J Appl Physiol 91:2166-72. 2001
  4. ncbi request reprint Skinfold prediction equation for athletes developed using a four-component model
    Ellen M Evans
    Department of Kinesiology and Community Health, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, 61801, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 37:2006-11. 2005
  5. ncbi request reprint Is the current BMI obesity classification appropriate for black and white postmenopausal women?
    E M Evans
    Department of Kinesiology and Community Health, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Urbana 61801, USA
    Int J Obes (Lond) 30:837-43. 2006
  6. ncbi request reprint Simulated change in body fatness affects Hologic QDR 4500A whole body and central DXA bone measures
    Ellen M Evans
    Department of Kinesiology and Community Health, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    J Clin Densitom 9:315-22. 2006
  7. pmc Effects of soy protein isolate and moderate exercise on bone turnover and bone mineral density in postmenopausal women
    Ellen M Evans
    Division of Geriatrics and Nutritional Sciences, Department of Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO, USA
    Menopause 14:481-8. 2007
  8. ncbi request reprint Aerobic power and insulin action improve in response to endurance exercise training in healthy 77-87 yr olds
    Ellen M Evans
    Section of Applied Physiology, Division of Geriatrics and Nutritional Sciences, Department of Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO, USA
    J Appl Physiol 98:40-5. 2005
  9. ncbi request reprint Body-composition changes with diet and exercise in obese women: a comparison of estimates from clinical methods and a 4-component model
    E M Evans
    Departments of Exercise Science and Foods and Nutrition, The University of Georgia, Athens, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 70:5-12. 1999
  10. ncbi request reprint Effects of diet and exercise on the density and composition of the fat-free mass in obese women
    E M Evans
    Department of Exercise Science, The University of Georgia, Athens 30602, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 31:1778-87. 1999

Detail Information

Publications43

  1. ncbi request reprint A mathematical method to estimate body composition in tall individuals using DXA
    Ellen M Evans
    Department of Kinesiology and Community Health, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Urbana Champaign, IL 61801, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 37:1211-5. 2005
    ..The purpose of this investigation was to determine whether whole body composition could be estimated in tall individuals using summed measures from two partial DXA scans...
  2. ncbi request reprint Ultrasound of the calcaneus and bone mineral density differs in older black and white women but is not impacted by current physical activity
    Ellen M Evans
    Department of Kinesiology and Community Health, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, 906 S Goodwin Avenue, 215 Freer Hall, MC 052, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    Osteoporos Int 16:1755-60. 2005
    ..The impact of current physical activity on QUS measures in older black and white women is negligible...
  3. ncbi request reprint Relation of bone mineral density and content to mineral content and density of the fat-free mass
    E M Evans
    Department of Exercise Science, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia 30602 6554, USA
    J Appl Physiol 91:2166-72. 2001
    ..We conclude that there is not a significant positive relation of BMD and BMC to M(FFM) or D(FFM) in young adults and that BMC and BMD should not be used to infer differences in M(FFM) or D(FFM)...
  4. ncbi request reprint Skinfold prediction equation for athletes developed using a four-component model
    Ellen M Evans
    Department of Kinesiology and Community Health, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, 61801, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 37:2006-11. 2005
    ..Skinfold (SKF) equations exist to predict percent body fat (%BF) in athletes; however, none have been derived from multicomponent model reference measures...
  5. ncbi request reprint Is the current BMI obesity classification appropriate for black and white postmenopausal women?
    E M Evans
    Department of Kinesiology and Community Health, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Urbana 61801, USA
    Int J Obes (Lond) 30:837-43. 2006
    ..To evaluate the relation between body fatness (%Fat) and body mass index (BMI) and to evaluate the validity of the BMI standards for obesity established by the NIH in older black and white postmenopausal women...
  6. ncbi request reprint Simulated change in body fatness affects Hologic QDR 4500A whole body and central DXA bone measures
    Ellen M Evans
    Department of Kinesiology and Community Health, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    J Clin Densitom 9:315-22. 2006
    ....
  7. pmc Effects of soy protein isolate and moderate exercise on bone turnover and bone mineral density in postmenopausal women
    Ellen M Evans
    Division of Geriatrics and Nutritional Sciences, Department of Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO, USA
    Menopause 14:481-8. 2007
    ..The aim of this study was to assess the independent and additive effects of soy protein isolate (SPI) and moderate-intensity exercise (EX) on bone turnover and bone mineral density (BMD)...
  8. ncbi request reprint Aerobic power and insulin action improve in response to endurance exercise training in healthy 77-87 yr olds
    Ellen M Evans
    Section of Applied Physiology, Division of Geriatrics and Nutritional Sciences, Department of Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO, USA
    J Appl Physiol 98:40-5. 2005
    ....
  9. ncbi request reprint Body-composition changes with diet and exercise in obese women: a comparison of estimates from clinical methods and a 4-component model
    E M Evans
    Departments of Exercise Science and Foods and Nutrition, The University of Georgia, Athens, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 70:5-12. 1999
    ..Most methods available to clinicians for estimating body-composition changes have been validated against estimates from densitometry, based on a 2-component (fat mass and fat-free mass) model...
  10. ncbi request reprint Effects of diet and exercise on the density and composition of the fat-free mass in obese women
    E M Evans
    Department of Exercise Science, The University of Georgia, Athens 30602, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 31:1778-87. 1999
    ..The purpose of this study was to determine whether the density (D(FFM)) and composition of the fat-free mass (FFM) and the accuracy of estimates of body composition from body density (%Fat(d)) are affected by diet and exercise...
  11. ncbi request reprint The association between regional body composition and metabolic outcomes in athletes with spinal cord injury
    M C Mojtahedi
    Division of Nutritional Sciences, University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign, IL 61801, USA
    Spinal Cord 46:192-7. 2008
    ..Cross-sectional study comparing athletes with spinal cord injury (SCI) and age and body mass index matched able-bodied controls (AB)...
  12. ncbi request reprint In vivo validation of whole body composition estimates from dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry
    B M Prior
    Departments of Exercise Science and Foods and Nutrition, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia 30602 3654, USA
    J Appl Physiol 83:623-30. 1997
    ..We conclude that body composition estimates from DEXA are accurate compared with those from a four-component model in young adults who vary in gender, race, athletic status, body size, musculoskeletal development, and body fatness...
  13. ncbi request reprint Effects of HRT and exercise training on insulin action, glucose tolerance, and body composition in older women
    E M Evans
    Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Geriatrics and Gerontology, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
    J Appl Physiol 90:2033-40. 2001
    ....
  14. ncbi request reprint Muscularity and the density of the fat-free mass in athletes
    B M Prior
    Department of Exercise Science, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia 30602 6554, USA
    J Appl Physiol 90:1523-31. 2001
    ....
  15. ncbi request reprint Waist circumference vs body mass index for prediction of disease risk in postmenopausal women
    R E Van Pelt
    Department of Internal Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri, USA, and Department of Medicine, Division of Geriatric Medicine, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver, Colorado, USA
    Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 25:1183-8. 2001
    ..CONCLUSION: Waist circumference, an easily obtained index of central adiposity, is a more sensitive measure of relative disease risk than is BMI in middle-aged and older women, particularly in normal-weight individuals...
  16. doi request reprint Body composition assessment in athletes with spinal cord injury: comparison of field methods with dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry
    M C Mojtahedi
    Division of Nutritional Sciences, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    Spinal Cord 47:698-704. 2009
    ..Cross-sectional...
  17. doi request reprint Stronger relationship between central adiposity and C-reactive protein in older women than men
    Rudy J Valentine
    Department of Kinesiology and Community Health, University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign, IL 61801, USA
    Menopause 16:84-9. 2009
    ..The purpose of this study was to determine the sex-specific independent relationships between physical activity, fitness, central and whole body adiposity, and CRP in sedentary older adults...
  18. doi request reprint A technique to assess body composition and sarcopenia using DXA: application for an obese population
    E M Evans
    Department of Kinesiology and Community Health, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Urbana, IL, USA
    Eur J Clin Nutr 64:218-20. 2010
    ..998, P<0.001); and aLM(WB) and aLM(SUM) (0.12+/-0.32 kg, P=0.63; r=0.994, P<0.001). Summing DXA scans is a valid method for determining the risk for sarcopenic obesity and may aid research regarding obesity and risk for disability...
  19. ncbi request reprint Muscle activation and the slow component rise in oxygen uptake during cycling
    M J Saunders
    Department of Exercise Science, The University of Georgia, Athens, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 32:2040-5. 2000
    ..The purpose of this study was to determine whether there is an association between the VO2 slow component and muscle use assessed by contrast shifts in magnetic resonance images (magnetic resonance imaging (MRI))...
  20. ncbi request reprint Body composition estimates from multicomponent models using BIA to determine body water
    E M Evans
    Department of Exercise Science, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602 6554, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 33:839-45. 2001
    ....
  21. ncbi request reprint Contributions of total and regional fat mass to risk for cardiovascular disease in older women
    R E Van Pelt
    Division of Geriatrics Gerontology, Department of Internal Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
    Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 282:E1023-8. 2002
    ..Thus trunk fat is a strong independent predictor of insulin resistance and dyslipidemia in postmenopausal women, whereas leg fat appears to confer protective effects against metabolic dysfunction...
  22. doi request reprint Reduction in trunk fat predicts cardiovascular exercise training-related reductions in C-reactive protein
    V J Vieira
    Division of Nutritional Sciences, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    Brain Behav Immun 23:485-91. 2009
    ..Ten months of cardiovascular exercise training reduced CRP in previously sedentary older adults and this effect was partially mediated by a reduction in trunk fat...
  23. ncbi request reprint Use of portion-controlled entrees enhances weight loss in women
    Sandra M Hannum
    Food Science and Human Nutrition FSHN Nutritional Sciences Division, University of Illinois, Urbana, Illinois 61801, USA
    Obes Res 12:538-46. 2004
    ..S. Department of Agriculture Food Guide Pyramid (FGP) (United States Department of Agriculture, Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion, Washington, DC; 1996)...
  24. ncbi request reprint Location of body fat and body size impacts DXA soft tissue measures: a simulation study
    R J Valentine
    Department of Kinesiology and Community Health, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Urbana, IL, USA
    Eur J Clin Nutr 62:553-9. 2008
    ..The aim of this study was to determine the ability of dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) to detect exogenous fat in men and women simulating typical sex-specific weight changes...
  25. ncbi request reprint Daily consumption of a dark chocolate containing flavanols and added sterol esters affects cardiovascular risk factors in a normotensive population with elevated cholesterol
    Robin R Allen
    Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign, USA
    J Nutr 138:725-31. 2008
    ..8 mm Hg; P < 0.05). Results indicate that regular consumption of chocolate bars containing PS and CF as part of a low-fat diet may support cardiovascular health by lowering cholesterol and improving blood pressure...
  26. ncbi request reprint Effects of cocoa flavanols on risk factors for cardiovascular disease
    John W Erdman
    University of Illinois, Food Science and Human Nutrition, 455 Bevier Hall, 905 South Goodwin Ave, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 17:284-7. 2008
    ....
  27. ncbi request reprint Bone health in ambulatory individuals with multiple sclerosis: impact of physical activity, glucocorticoid use, and body composition
    Mina C Mojtahedi
    Division of Nutritional Sciences, Department of Kinesiology and Community Health, University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign, IL 61801, USA
    J Rehabil Res Dev 45:851-61. 2008
    ..04) and PF BMC ( p = 0.001), whereas fat mass was an independent predictor of LS BMD (p = 0.05). In conclusion, physical activity and lean mass are associated with femoral bone mass in women with MS who are ambulatory...
  28. doi request reprint Physical activity, coronary artery calcium, and bone mineral density in elderly men and women: a preliminary investigation
    Kenneth R Wilund
    Department of Kinesiology and Community Health, Cardiovascular Research Laboratory, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    Metabolism 57:584-91. 2008
    ....
  29. ncbi request reprint Muscle quality, aerobic fitness and fat mass predict lower-extremity physical function in community-dwelling older adults
    Mark M Misic
    Department of Kinesiology and Community Health, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Urbana, Ill 61801, USA
    Gerontology 53:260-6. 2007
    ..Muscle mass, strength and fitness play a role in lower-extremity physical function (LEPF) in older adults; however, the relationships remain inadequately characterized...
  30. ncbi request reprint Derivation of whole body bone measures through summation of individual DXA scans
    Mark M Misic
    Department of Kinesiology and Community Health, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Urbana, 61801, USA
    J Clin Densitom 9:184-90. 2006
    ..10). Notably the differences from the whole body scan were within measurement error. In conclusion, accurate assessment of bone mineral outcomes can be obtained on wide or tall individuals using summed values from multiple DXA scans...
  31. pmc Sex impacts the relation between body composition and physical function in older adults
    Rudy J Valentine
    Department of Kinesiology and Community Health, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    Menopause 16:518-23. 2009
    ..To determine the sex-specific relationships between physical activity, aerobic fitness, adiposity (%Fat), mineral-free lean mass (MFLM), and balance and gait performance in older adults...
  32. ncbi request reprint Gender differences in QTc interval in young, trained individuals with lower spinal cord injury
    K S Heffernan
    Department of Kinesiology and Community Health, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Champaign, IL, USA
    Spinal Cord 45:518-21. 2007
    ..Cross-sectional comparison...
  33. ncbi request reprint Use of packaged entrees as part of a weight-loss diet in overweight men: an 8-week randomized clinical trial
    S M Hannum
    Food Science and Human Nutrition Department Nutritional Sciences Division, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    Diabetes Obes Metab 8:146-55. 2006
    ..This study assessed the efficacy of a weight-loss diet by using packaged portion-controlled entrees vs. a self-selected diet based on the United States Department of Agriculture Food Guide Pyramid (FGP)...
  34. ncbi request reprint Abdominal adiposity is a stronger predictor of insulin resistance than fitness among 50-95 year olds
    Susan B Racette
    Washington University School of Medicine, Campus Box 8502, 4444 Forest Park Avenue, St Louis, MO 63108 2212, USA
    Diabetes Care 29:673-8. 2006
    ..The aim of this study was to determine whether cardiovascular fitness, whole-body adiposity, or abdominal adiposity is the strongest predictor of insulin resistance into old age...
  35. doi request reprint Sex differences in the relationship between obesity, C-reactive protein, physical activity, depression, sleep quality and fatigue in older adults
    Rudy J Valentine
    Department of Kinesiology and Community Health, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    Brain Behav Immun 23:643-8. 2009
    ..Strategies to prevent fatigue may differ in older women and men, especially with regard to inflammation, physical activity and adiposity...
  36. pmc A positive association of lumbar spine bone mineral density with dietary protein is suppressed by a negative association with protein sulfur
    Matthew Thorpe
    Division of Nutritional Sciences, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    J Nutr 138:80-5. 2008
    ..If validated experimentally, these findings harmonize conflicting theories on the role of dietary protein in bone health...
  37. ncbi request reprint A diet high in protein, dairy, and calcium attenuates bone loss over twelve months of weight loss and maintenance relative to a conventional high-carbohydrate diet in adults
    Matthew P Thorpe
    Division of Nutritional Sciences, University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    J Nutr 138:1096-100. 2008
    ..4 g.kg(-1).d(-1) protein and 3 dairy servings increased urinary calcium excretion but provided improved calcium intake and attenuated bone loss over 4 mo of weight loss and 8 additional mo of weight maintenance...
  38. doi request reprint A moderate-protein diet produces sustained weight loss and long-term changes in body composition and blood lipids in obese adults
    Donald K Layman
    University of Illinois, Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    J Nutr 139:514-21. 2009
    ..01). The PRO diet was more effective for FM loss and body composition improvement during initial weight loss and long-term maintenance and produced sustained reductions in TAG and increases in HDL-C compared with the CHO diet...
  39. ncbi request reprint Endurance training reduces end-exercise VO2 and muscle use during submaximal cycling
    Michael J Saunders
    Department of Exercise Science, The University of Georgia, Athens, GA, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 35:257-62. 2003
    ..End-exercise VO2 during heavy, constant-load exercise is reduced after endurance training, due to an attenuated VO2 slow component...
  40. ncbi request reprint Ethnic variation in risk for osteoporosis among women: a review of biological and behavioral factors
    Pooja Pothiwala
    Department of Internal Medicine, University of Illinois, College of Medicine at Urbana, Illinois 61801, USA
    J Womens Health (Larchmt) 15:709-19. 2006
    ..Finally, screening protocols for women of various ethnicities and effectiveness of treatments are not well established and remain a priority in women's health...
  41. ncbi request reprint Effect of race and musculoskeletal development on the accuracy of air plethysmography
    Mitchell A Collins
    Exercise Physiology Laboratory, School of Applied Physiology, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 36:1070-7. 2004
    ..The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of race and musculoskeletal development on the accuracy of estimates of body fatness (%fat) via air displacement plethysmography (AP)...
  42. ncbi request reprint Menopause and risk for obesity: how important is physical activity?
    Ellen M Evans
    J Womens Health (Larchmt) 15:211-3. 2006
  43. ncbi request reprint Older black women differ in calcium intake source compared to age- and socioeconomic status-matched white women
    Mina C Mojtahedi
    Division of Nutritional Sciences, University of Illinois, Urbana IL 61801, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 106:1102-7. 2006
    ..20). Our data suggest that total daily dietary and supplemental calcium intakes do not differ, but calcium intake from dairy foods and from grains differ in older black and white women matched in age and SES...