Leonard H Epstein

Summary

Affiliation: University at Buffalo
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint The relationship between parent and child self-reported adherence and weight loss
    Brian H Wrotniak
    Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, State University of New York at Buffalo, Farber Hall, Room G56, 3435 Main Street, Building 26, Buffalo, New York 14214 3000, USA
    Obes Res 13:1089-96. 2005
  2. pmc The built environment moderates effects of family-based childhood obesity treatment over 2 years
    Leonard H Epstein
    University at Buffalo School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, NY, USA
    Ann Behav Med 44:248-58. 2012
  3. pmc Experimental research on the relation between food price changes and food-purchasing patterns: a targeted review
    Leonard H Epstein
    University at Buffalo School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Buffalo, NY 14214 3000, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 95:789-809. 2012
  4. pmc Screen-time weight-loss intervention targeting children at home (SWITCH): a randomized controlled trial study protocol
    Ralph Maddison
    Clinical Trials Research Unit, University of Auckland, Auckland 1142, New Zealand
    BMC Public Health 11:524. 2011
  5. pmc Make Better Choices (MBC): study design of a randomized controlled trial testing optimal technology-supported change in multiple diet and physical activity risk behaviors
    Bonnie Spring
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois, USA
    BMC Public Health 10:586. 2010
  6. ncbi request reprint Food hedonics and reinforcement as determinants of laboratory food intake in smokers
    Leonard H Epstein
    Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, State University of New York, Farber Hall, Room G56, 3435 Main Street, Buffalo, NY 14214, USA
    Physiol Behav 81:511-7. 2004
  7. pmc The motivation to be sedentary predicts weight change when sedentary behaviors are reduced
    Leonard H Epstein
    Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University at Buffalo, Farber Hall, Room G56, 3435 Main Street, Building 26, Buffalo, New York 14214 3000, USA
    Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 8:13. 2011
  8. ncbi request reprint Relation between food reinforcement and dopamine genotypes and its effect on food intake in smokers
    Leonard H Epstein
    Departments of Pediatrics, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, State University of New York at Buffalo, 14214 3000, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 80:82-8. 2004
  9. pmc Long-term habituation to food in obese and nonobese women
    Leonard H Epstein
    School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY 14214 3000, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 94:371-6. 2011
  10. doi request reprint Food reinforcement, delay discounting and obesity
    Leonard H Epstein
    Department of Pediatrics, University at Buffalo School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, 3435 Main Street, Buffalo, NY 14214 3000, United States
    Physiol Behav 100:438-45. 2010

Detail Information

Publications92

  1. ncbi request reprint The relationship between parent and child self-reported adherence and weight loss
    Brian H Wrotniak
    Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, State University of New York at Buffalo, Farber Hall, Room G56, 3435 Main Street, Building 26, Buffalo, New York 14214 3000, USA
    Obes Res 13:1089-96. 2005
    ..This study assessed the influence of child and parent self-reported adherence to behavioral strategies on changes in 2-year child and parent percentage overweight...
  2. pmc The built environment moderates effects of family-based childhood obesity treatment over 2 years
    Leonard H Epstein
    University at Buffalo School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, NY, USA
    Ann Behav Med 44:248-58. 2012
    ..Research suggests the neighborhood built environment is related to child physical activity and eating...
  3. pmc Experimental research on the relation between food price changes and food-purchasing patterns: a targeted review
    Leonard H Epstein
    University at Buffalo School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Buffalo, NY 14214 3000, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 95:789-809. 2012
    ..Additional focused research is needed to better inform food policy development with the aim of improving eating behavior and preventing obesity...
  4. pmc Screen-time weight-loss intervention targeting children at home (SWITCH): a randomized controlled trial study protocol
    Ralph Maddison
    Clinical Trials Research Unit, University of Auckland, Auckland 1142, New Zealand
    BMC Public Health 11:524. 2011
    ..The aim of this trial is to determine the effects of a 24 week home-based, family oriented intervention to reduce sedentary screen time on children's body composition, sedentary behavior, physical activity, and diet...
  5. pmc Make Better Choices (MBC): study design of a randomized controlled trial testing optimal technology-supported change in multiple diet and physical activity risk behaviors
    Bonnie Spring
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois, USA
    BMC Public Health 10:586. 2010
    ..The study aim is to determine which combination of two behavior change goals--one dietary, one activity--yields greatest overall healthy lifestyle change...
  6. ncbi request reprint Food hedonics and reinforcement as determinants of laboratory food intake in smokers
    Leonard H Epstein
    Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, State University of New York, Farber Hall, Room G56, 3435 Main Street, Buffalo, NY 14214, USA
    Physiol Behav 81:511-7. 2004
    ..In conclusion, energy intake in smokers in a laboratory setting is more strongly related to food reinforcement than to the hedonic ratings of food...
  7. pmc The motivation to be sedentary predicts weight change when sedentary behaviors are reduced
    Leonard H Epstein
    Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University at Buffalo, Farber Hall, Room G56, 3435 Main Street, Building 26, Buffalo, New York 14214 3000, USA
    Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 8:13. 2011
    ..The present study tests the hypothesis that the motivation to be active or sedentary is correlated with weight change when children reduce their sedentary behavior...
  8. ncbi request reprint Relation between food reinforcement and dopamine genotypes and its effect on food intake in smokers
    Leonard H Epstein
    Departments of Pediatrics, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, State University of New York at Buffalo, 14214 3000, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 80:82-8. 2004
    ..Food reinforcement and dopaminergic activity may influence food consumption, but research on whether they interact has not been performed...
  9. pmc Long-term habituation to food in obese and nonobese women
    Leonard H Epstein
    School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY 14214 3000, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 94:371-6. 2011
    ..However, no research on long-term habituation to food in humans has been conducted...
  10. doi request reprint Food reinforcement, delay discounting and obesity
    Leonard H Epstein
    Department of Pediatrics, University at Buffalo School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, 3435 Main Street, Buffalo, NY 14214 3000, United States
    Physiol Behav 100:438-45. 2010
    ..The paper represents an invited review by a symposium, award winner or keynote speaker at the Society for the Study of Ingestive Behavior [SSIB] Annual Meeting in Portland, July 2009...
  11. ncbi request reprint Effects of allocation of attention on habituation to olfactory and visual food stimuli in children
    Leonard H Epstein
    Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, State University of New York, Farber Hall, Room G56, 3435 Main Street, Buffalo, NY 14214, USA
    Physiol Behav 84:313-9. 2005
    ..001), while children in the audiobook group did not habituate. Changes in the rate of habituation when attending to non-food stimuli while eating may be a mechanism for increasing energy intake...
  12. ncbi request reprint Effects of deprivation on hedonics and reinforcing value of food
    Leonard H Epstein
    Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University at Buffalo, G56 Farber Hall, 3435 Main Street, Buffalo, NY 14214 3000, USA
    Physiol Behav 78:221-7. 2003
    ..These results suggest that hedonics and the reinforcing value of food are separate processes in humans, and they may independently influence eating behavior...
  13. pmc Food reinforcement, energy intake, and macronutrient choice
    Leonard H Epstein
    Department of Pediatrics, University at Buffalo School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Buffalo, NY 14214 3000, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 94:12-8. 2011
    ..Food is a powerful reinforcer that motivates people to eat. The relative reinforcing value of food (RRV(food)) is associated with obesity and energy intake and interacts with impulsivity to predict energy intake...
  14. pmc Price and maternal obesity influence purchasing of low- and high-energy-dense foods
    Leonard H Epstein
    University at Buffalo, Department of Pediatrics, Division of Behavioral Medicine, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Buffalo, NY 14214 3000, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 86:914-22. 2007
    ..Limited laboratory research has assessed the effect of price changes on food purchases, and no research on individual differences that may interact with price to influence purchases exists...
  15. pmc What constitutes food variety? Stimulus specificity of food
    Leonard H Epstein
    Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, New York 14214 3000, USA
    Appetite 54:23-9. 2010
    ..Results show small variations in food characteristics lead to recovery of responding and increased intake after children have habituated...
  16. ncbi request reprint Relationship of mother and child food purchases as a function of price: a pilot study
    Leonard H Epstein
    Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, State University of New York at Buffalo, Farber Hall, 14214 3000, USA
    Appetite 47:115-8. 2006
    ..These results indicate that parental food choice and purchasing behaviors may play a role in the development of children's purchasing of both healthy and unhealthy foods...
  17. pmc Increasing healthy eating vs. reducing high energy-dense foods to treat pediatric obesity
    Leonard H Epstein
    Department of Pediatrics, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 16:318-26. 2008
    ..The objective was to compare targeting increased eating of healthy foods vs. reducing intake of high energy-dense foods within the context of a family-based behavioral weight control program...
  18. ncbi request reprint Association of access to parks and recreational facilities with the physical activity of young children
    James N Roemmich
    Department of Pediatrics, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY 14214, USA
    Prev Med 43:437-41. 2006
    ..To determine associations of the neighborhood and home television environments with young children's physical activity...
  19. ncbi request reprint The challenge of identifying behavioral alternatives to food: clinic and field studies
    Leonard H Epstein
    Department of Pediatrics, University at Buffalo, NY 14214, USA
    Ann Behav Med 30:201-9. 2005
    ..One of the basic principles of behavioral economics interventions is identification of alternative behaviors to compete with the reinforcing value of a highly rewarding commodity...
  20. pmc Do social activities substitute for food in youth?
    Sarah Jeanne Salvy
    Department of Pediatrics, Division of Behavioral Medicine, State University of New York at Buffalo, Farber Hall, Room G56, 3435 Main Street, Building 26, Buffalo, NY 14214 3000, USA
    Ann Behav Med 38:205-12. 2009
    ..Behavioral economics offers a framework to understand choice among alternatives. There is no research on the interrelationship between food and social activity in overweight and non-overweight children...
  21. pmc Association of liking and reinforcing value with children's physical activity
    James N Roemmich
    Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, New York 14214, United States
    Physiol Behav 93:1011-8. 2008
    ..Thus, liking and RRV of physical activity are independently associated with MVPA. The combination of a high reinforcing value and liking of physical activity is associated with 33% greater participation in MVPA...
  22. ncbi request reprint The neighborhood and home environments: disparate relationships with physical activity and sedentary behaviors in youth
    James N Roemmich
    Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, State University of New York at Buffalo, NY 14214 3000, USA
    Ann Behav Med 33:29-38. 2007
    ..To increase participation in physical activity, it is important to understand the factors associated with a child's choice to be physically active or sedentary. The neighborhood and home environments may be related to this choice...
  23. ncbi request reprint Physical activity as a substitute for sedentary behavior in youth
    Leonard H Epstein
    Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, State University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY 14214 3000, USA
    Ann Behav Med 29:200-9. 2005
    ..Youth may choose to be sedentary rather than physically active...
  24. pmc Food reinforcement, the dopamine D2 receptor genotype, and energy intake in obese and nonobese humans
    Leonard H Epstein
    Department of Pediatrics, University at Buffalo, State University of New York, Buffalo, NY 14214 3000, USA
    Behav Neurosci 121:877-86. 2007
    ..No effect of the DAT1 genotype was observed. These data show that individual differences in food reinforcement may be important for obesity and that the DRD2 genotype may interact with food reinforcement to influence energy intake...
  25. pmc Parent-child concordance of Taq1 A1 allele predicts similarity of parent-child weight loss in behavioral family-based treatment programs
    Leonard H Epstein
    School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY 14214 3000, USA
    Appetite 55:363-6. 2010
    ..003) and 12 (p=0.025) months. These results show concordance of the Taq1 A1 allele of the DRD2 between parents and children may be one mechanism for the similar response to family-based treatments within families...
  26. ncbi request reprint Influence of changes in sedentary behavior on energy and macronutrient intake in youth
    Leonard H Epstein
    Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, State University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY 14214 3000, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 81:361-6. 2005
    ..Changes in sedentary behavior may be related to changes in energy intake...
  27. doi request reprint Dopamine-related genotypes and the dose-response effect of methylphenidate on eating in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder youths
    John J Leddy
    State University of New York at Buffalo School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Buffalo, New York, USA
    J Child Adolesc Psychopharmacol 19:127-36. 2009
    ..The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between dopamine-related gene polymorphisms and food consumption in ADHD children receiving varying doses of MPH...
  28. doi request reprint Two functional serotonin polymorphisms moderate the effect of food reinforcement on BMI
    Katelyn A Carr
    Department of Pediatrics, University at Buffalo, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Buffalo, NY 14214 3000, USA
    Behav Neurosci 127:387-99. 2013
    ..These results provide new insight into genes theoretically involved in obesity, and support the hypothesis that genetics moderate the association between food reinforcement and BMI...
  29. pmc Food reinforcement and obesity. Psychological moderators
    Leonard H Epstein
    Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY 14214 3000, USA
    Appetite 58:157-62. 2012
    ..This trial was registered at clinicaltrials.gov as NCT00962117...
  30. pmc Habituation and recovery of salivation and motivated responding for food in children
    Jennifer L Temple
    Division of Behavioral Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, State University of New York at Buffalo, Farber Hall, Room G56, 3435 Main Street, Building 26, Buffalo, NY 142124, USA
    Appetite 46:280-4. 2006
    ....
  31. doi request reprint Influence of simplified nutrition labeling and taxation on laboratory energy intake in adults
    Jennifer L Temple
    Department of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, School of Public Health and Health Professions, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY 14214, USA
    Appetite 57:184-92. 2011
    ....
  32. pmc Differential effects of daily snack food intake on the reinforcing value of food in obese and nonobese women
    Jennifer L Temple
    Departments of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY14214, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 90:304-13. 2009
    ..Our previous study in nonobese adults showed that daily consumption of the same snack food (food consumed apart from meals) for 14 d significantly decreased its reinforcing value...
  33. pmc Reinforcing value of interval and continuous physical activity in children
    Jacob E Barkley
    Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, New York 14214, USA
    Physiol Behav 98:31-6. 2009
    ..Children likely participate in short-duration bouts of activity at a high-rate during natural play because it is more reinforcing than longer, continuous activity...
  34. pmc Habituation and within-session changes in motivated responding for food in children
    Jennifer L Temple
    Division of Behavioral Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY 14214, USA
    Appetite 50:390-6. 2008
    ..Although satiation may contribute to reductions in motivated responding for food when food is consumed, habituation provides a more complete explanation for the results observed in this study...
  35. pmc Food reinforcement and eating: a multilevel analysis
    Leonard H Epstein
    Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, State University of New York, Buffalo, NY 14214 3000, USA
    Psychol Bull 133:884-906. 2007
    ....
  36. ncbi request reprint Use of an open-loop system to increase physical activity
    James N Roemmich
    Dept of Pediatrics, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, SUNY Buffalo, Buffalo, NY, USA
    Pediatr Exerc Sci 24:384-98. 2012
    ..04) and control (p < .01) groups. An open-loop system decreases TV viewing and increases physical activity of children for 4-months. TV of the F+R group remained lower at 12 months, suggesting a reduction in screen-time habits...
  37. ncbi request reprint Purchases of food in youth. Influence of price and income
    Leonard H Epstein
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Illinois in Chicago, USA
    Psychol Sci 17:82-9. 2006
    ..These results show the potential for controlled laboratory studies of price and food purchases, and show that the substitution of healthier for unhealthy food is related to available money...
  38. pmc A randomized trial of the effects of reducing television viewing and computer use on body mass index in young children
    Leonard H Epstein
    Behavioral Medicine Laboratory, Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, State University of New York at Buffalo, Farber Hall, 3435 Main St, Room G56, Bldg 26, Buffalo, NY 14214 3000, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 162:239-45. 2008
    ..To assess the effects of reducing television viewing and computer use on children's body mass index (BMI) as a risk factor for the development of overweight in young children...
  39. doi request reprint Food reinforcement and impulsivity in overweight children and their parents
    Leonard H Epstein
    Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, State University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY 14214 3000, USA
    Eat Behav 9:319-27. 2008
    ..29). This study suggests that food reinforcement may be more similar between parents and children than behavioral impulsivity, though additional research using other measures of relative reinforcing value and impulsivity is warranted...
  40. doi request reprint Energy intake, parental control of children's eating, and physical activity in siblings discordant for adiposity
    James N Roemmich
    Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY 14214, USA
    Appetite 55:325-31. 2010
    ..Increased responsivity to dietary variety by overweight siblings does not appear to promoting sibling discordance in overweight as normal weight and overweight siblings responded similarly to dietary variety...
  41. ncbi request reprint Influence of methylphenidate on eating in obese men
    John J Leddy
    Department of Orthopedics, Sports Medicine Institute, University at Buffalo School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Buffalo, New York 14214, USA
    Obes Res 12:224-32. 2004
    ..We investigated the effects of two doses of short-acting methylphenidate on energy intake over one meal in obese adult males...
  42. ncbi request reprint Habituation of salivation and motivated responding for food in children
    Leonard H Epstein
    Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, State University of New York at Buffalo, Farber Hall, Room G56, 3435 Main Street, Building 26, Buffalo, NY 14214 3000, USA
    Appetite 41:283-9. 2003
    ..These results are consistent with the general process theory of motivation that suggests that changes in food reinforced responding may be due in part to habituation...
  43. pmc Food characteristics, long-term habituation and energy intake. Laboratory and field studies
    Leonard H Epstein
    Department of Pediatrics, University at Buffalo, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Buffalo, NY 14214 3000, USA
    Appetite 60:40-50. 2013
    ....
  44. pmc Usual energy intake mediates the relationship between food reinforcement and BMI
    Leonard H Epstein
    Department of Pediatrics, University at Buffalo School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Buffalo, New York, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 20:1815-9. 2012
    ..Research is needed to develop methods of modifying RRV(food) to determine experimentally whether manipulating food reinforcement would result in changes in body weight...
  45. pmc Cost effectiveness of recruitment methods in an obesity prevention trial for young children
    Jodie L Robinson
    Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, State University of New York, Farber Hall, Buffalo, NY 14214 3000, USA
    Prev Med 44:499-503. 2007
    ..Recruitment of participants for clinical trials requires considerable effort and cost. There is no research on the cost effectiveness of recruitment methods for an obesity prevention trial of young children...
  46. pmc Habituation as a determinant of human food intake
    Leonard H Epstein
    Department of Pediatrics, University at Buffalo, The State University of New York, Buffalo, NY 14214 3000, USA
    Psychol Rev 116:384-407. 2009
    ..Finally, new directions for habituation research are presented. Habituation provides a novel theoretical framework from which to understand factors that regulate ingestive behavior...
  47. ncbi request reprint Influence of an interpersonal laboratory stressor on youths' choice to be physically active
    James N Roemmich
    Division of Behavioral Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, University at Buffalo School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Buffalo, New York 14214 3000, USA
    Obes Res 11:1080-7. 2003
    ..To determine whether interpersonal stress reduces youths' motivation to exercise in a laboratory setting...
  48. ncbi request reprint Television watching increases motivated responding for food and energy intake in children
    Jennifer L Temple
    Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY 14214, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 85:355-61. 2007
    ..Sedentary activities, such as watching television, may disrupt habituation to food cues, thereby increasing motivation to eat and energy intake...
  49. pmc Dietary variety impairs habituation in children
    Jennifer L Temple
    Department of Pediatrics, Division of Behavioral Medicine, University of Buffalo, USA
    Health Psychol 27:S10-9. 2008
    ..The purpose of these studies was to test the hypothesis that dietary variety decreases the rate of habituation and increases energy intake in children...
  50. pmc Peer influence on children's physical activity: an experience sampling study
    Sarah Jeanne Salvy
    Department of Pediatrics, Division of Behavioral Medicine, University at Buffalo, State University of New York, Farber Hall, NY 14214 3000, USA
    J Pediatr Psychol 33:39-49. 2008
    ..The primary objective was to examine the associations between social context (the presence of peers, friends, and family members) and physical activity intensity for overweight and lean girls and boys...
  51. ncbi request reprint Overweight children find food more reinforcing and consume more energy than do nonoverweight children
    Jennifer L Temple
    University at Buffalo, Department of Pediatrics, Division of Behavioral Medicine, Buffalo, NY 14214 3000, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 87:1121-7. 2008
    ..The reinforcing value of food is a reliable index of motivation to eat and energy intake. Obese adults find food more reinforcing than do nonobese adults...
  52. ncbi request reprint Reducing sedentary behavior: the relationship between park area and the physical activity of youth
    Leonard H Epstein
    Department of Pediatrics, University at Buffalo, NY 014214 3000, USA
    Psychol Sci 17:654-9. 2006
    ..Greater access to parks was associated with greater physical activity when sedentary behaviors were reduced...
  53. ncbi request reprint The effect of reinforcement or stimulus control to reduce sedentary behavior in the treatment of pediatric obesity
    Leonard H Epstein
    Department of Pediatrics, State University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY 14214, USA
    Health Psychol 23:371-80. 2004
    ..Results suggest stimulus control and reinforcing reduced sedentary behaviors are equivalent ways to decrease sedentary behaviors, and behavioral economic relationships in eating and activity may mediate the effects of treatment...
  54. doi request reprint The influence of taxes and subsidies on energy purchased in an experimental purchasing study
    Leonard H Epstein
    Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University at Buffalo, Farber Hall, 3435 Main St, Buffalo, NY 14214 3000, USA
    Psychol Sci 21:406-14. 2010
    ..Subsidizing more healthful foods with high nutrient density increased energy intake, without changing the macronutrient profile of foods purchased. These results favor taxes as a way to reduce caloric intake...
  55. pmc A questionnaire approach to measuring the relative reinforcing efficacy of snack foods
    Leonard H Epstein
    Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University at Buffalo, New York 14214 3000, United States
    Eat Behav 11:67-73. 2010
    ....
  56. pmc Overweight children habituate slower than non-overweight children to food
    Jennifer L Temple
    University at Buffalo, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Department of Pediatrics, Division of Behavioral Medicine, Buffalo, NY 14214, USA
    Physiol Behav 91:250-4. 2007
    ..Implications of this for prevention and treatment of obesity are discussed...
  57. ncbi request reprint Food reinforcement
    Leonard H Epstein
    Department of Pediatrics, University at Buffalo School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, State University of New York at Buffalo, Farber Hall, Room G56, 3435 Main Street, Building 26, Buffalo, NY 14214 3000, USA
    Appetite 46:22-5. 2006
    ..Inhibition of dopamine transport increases brain dopamine concentrations, which may influence weight gain after smoking cessation and can reduce energy intake in obese adults...
  58. pmc Family-based obesity treatment, then and now: twenty-five years of pediatric obesity treatment
    Leonard H Epstein
    Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University at Buffalo, State University of New York, Buffalo, NY 14214 3000, USA
    Health Psychol 26:381-91. 2007
    ....
  59. doi request reprint Daily consumption of individual snack foods decreases their reinforcing value
    Jennifer L Temple
    University at Buffalo, Department of Pediatrics, Division of Behavioral Medicine, Buffalo, NY 14214, USA
    Eat Behav 9:267-76. 2008
    ..Restriction did not change food reinforcement. These data suggest that eating a portion of a highly palatable food every day decreases its reinforcing value. Implications for weight control are discussed...
  60. pmc Effects of social context on overweight and normal-weight children's food selection
    Sarah Jeanne Salvy
    Department of Pediatrics, Division of Behavioral Medicine, State University of New York at Buffalo, New York 14214 3000, USA
    Eat Behav 9:190-6. 2008
    ..These findings suggest that the presence of peers can influence overweight children's energy intake and also influence healthier food selection in both overweight and non-overweight children...
  61. ncbi request reprint Stress reactivity and adiposity of youth
    James N Roemmich
    Department of Pediatrics, Division of Behavioral Medicine, State University of New York at Buffalo, Farber Hall, Room G56, 3435 Main Street, Building 26, Buffalo, NY 14214 3000, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 15:2303-10. 2007
    ..Data from two studies were combined to determine the relationship between reactivity to interpersonal stress and the adiposity of children...
  62. ncbi request reprint Open-loop feedback increases physical activity of youth
    James N Roemmich
    Division of Behavioral Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, State University of New York at Buffalo School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Buffalo, NY 14214 3000, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 36:668-73. 2004
    ..This study evaluated the influence of open-loop feedback and reinforcement on physical activity and television (TV) time in a small clinical trial...
  63. pmc Variety influences habituation of motivated behavior for food and energy intake in children
    Leonard H Epstein
    Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY 14214 3000, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 89:746-54. 2009
    ..Research has shown that variety reduces the rate of habituation, or a general reduction in the rate of responding, for low-energy-density (LED) and high-energy-density (HED) foods...
  64. ncbi request reprint Effects of manipulating sedentary behavior on physical activity and food intake
    Leonard H Epstein
    Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University at Buffalo, New York 14214, USA
    J Pediatr 140:334-9. 2002
    ..Sedentary behaviors have been correlated with obesity. We investigated whether changes in sedentary behaviors relate to changes in energy intake and/or physical activity...
  65. ncbi request reprint A cost-analysis of adopting a healthful diet in a family-based obesity treatment program
    Hollie A Raynor
    State University of New York at Buffalo, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 102:645-56. 2002
    ..To assess dietary costs during a family-based pediatric obesity intervention...
  66. doi request reprint Efficacy of family-based weight control program for preschool children in primary care
    Teresa Quattrin
    Pediatric University at Buffalo, Buffalo, New York, USA
    Pediatrics 130:660-6. 2012
    ..To test the efficacy of an innovative family-based intervention for overweight preschool-aged children and overweight parents conducted in the primary care setting...
  67. pmc Reinforcement pathology and obesity
    Katelyn A Carr
    Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, New York 14214 3000, USA
    Curr Drug Abuse Rev 4:190-6. 2011
    ..In this review we discuss the application of reinforcement pathology to obesity, and implications of this approach for obesity treatment...
  68. ncbi request reprint The relative-reinforcing value of food under differing levels of food deprivation and restriction
    Hollie A Raynor
    State University of New York, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY 14214 3000, USA
    Appetite 40:15-24. 2003
    ..This suggests that while short-term food deprivation increases the relative-reinforcing value of food, short-term food restriction has no effect on the relative-reinforcing value of food in unrestrained eaters...
  69. ncbi request reprint Dietary restraint and stress-induced snacking in youth
    James N Roemmich
    Division of Behavioral Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, University at Buffalo, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, State University of New York, Buffalo, New York 14214, USA
    Obes Res 10:1120-6. 2002
    ..To determine whether dietary restraint modifies stress-induced eating in youth...
  70. ncbi request reprint Parent weight change as a predictor of child weight change in family-based behavioral obesity treatment
    Brian H Wrotniak
    Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, The State University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY 14214 300, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 158:342-7. 2004
    ..Family-based behavioral weight control treatment involves the parent in the modification of child and parent eating and activity change...
  71. ncbi request reprint Relationship between education and delay discounting in smokers
    Jodie L Jaroni
    University at Buffalo School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, USA
    Addict Behav 29:1171-5. 2004
    ..01) more than those attending college. Subjects discounted small rewards more than large rewards for both tasks (P < .001). Results show that education level is inversely associated with discounting in smokers...
  72. doi request reprint Increasing passive energy expenditure during clerical work
    Erik A Beers
    Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, State University of New York at Buffalo, Farber Hall, Room G56, 3435 Main Street, Building 26, Buffalo, NY 14214 3000, USA
    Eur J Appl Physiol 103:353-60. 2008
    ..03). In conclusion, sitting on a therapy ball or standing rather than sitting in an office chair while performing clerical work increases passive energy expenditure...
  73. ncbi request reprint The value of sedentary alternatives influences child physical activity choice
    Leonard H Epstein
    Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University of Buffalo, New York 14214, USA
    Int J Behav Med 11:236-42. 2004
    ....
  74. ncbi request reprint Motor proficiency relationships among siblings
    Brian H Wrotniak
    Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University at Buffalo SUNY, Farber Hall, Room G56, 3435 Main Street, Building No 26, Buffalo, NY 14214 3000, USA
    Percept Mot Skills 108:112-20. 2009
    ..Additional research is needed to explain relations in motor skills among siblings...
  75. pmc Effect of peers and friends on youth physical activity and motivation to be physically active
    Sarah Jeanne Salvy
    Department of Pediatrics, Division of Behavioral Medicine, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University at Buffalo, The State University of New York, Buffalo, NY 14214 3000, USA
    J Pediatr Psychol 34:217-25. 2009
    ..To test whether the presence of a peer or a friend increases the motivation to be physically active in overweight and non-overweight youth in a laboratory setting...
  76. ncbi request reprint Craving and startle modification during in vivo exposure to food cues
    Larry W Hawk
    Department of Psychology, State University of New York at Buffalo, Park Hall Box 604110, Buffalo, NY 14260 4110, USA
    Appetite 43:285-94. 2004
    ..The goal of this study was to assess the utility of these paradigms for the study of food craving in food-deprived participants...
  77. ncbi request reprint Validity of PCERT and OMNI walk/run ratings of perceived exertion
    James N Roemmich
    Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University at Buffalo, NY 14214, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 38:1014-9. 2006
    ..This study was conducted to test the validity of the Pictorial Children's Effort Rating Table (PCERT) and OMNI walk/run scales...
  78. pmc Choice of interactive dance and bicycle games in overweight and nonoverweight youth
    Leonard H Epstein
    Department of Pediatrics, State University of New York at Buffalo, NY 14214 3000, USA
    Ann Behav Med 33:124-31. 2007
    ..One advancement in computer games are interactive games that use physical activity as a game playing controller, combining exercise and entertainment, or exertainment...
  79. ncbi request reprint The influence of parenting change on pediatric weight control
    Richard I Stein
    Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, State University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY 14214 3000, USA
    Obes Res 13:1749-55. 2005
    ..Parenting style was examined as a predictor of weight loss maintenance in behavioral family-based pediatric obesity treatment...
  80. ncbi request reprint Dopamine transporter genotype as a risk factor for obesity in African-American smokers
    Leonard H Epstein
    Department of Pediatrics and Sports Medicine Institute, University at Buffalo School of Medicine, New York 14214, USA
    Obes Res 10:1232-40. 2002
    ..To assess the association between a polymorphism related to dopamine function, dopamine transport (SLC6A3), and obesity in smokers...
  81. doi request reprint A preliminary study of subsymptom threshold exercise training for refractory post-concussion syndrome
    John J Leddy
    Department of Orthopaedics, University at Buffalo, The State University of New York, Buffalo, NY 14214, USA
    Clin J Sport Med 20:21-7. 2010
    ..To evaluate the safety and effectiveness of subsymptom threshold exercise training for the treatment of post-concussion syndrome (PCS)...
  82. ncbi request reprint Comparison between two measures of delay discounting in smokers
    Leonard H Epstein
    Department of Pediatrics, University at Buffalo School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, New York 14214 3000, USA
    Exp Clin Psychopharmacol 11:131-8. 2003
    ..The size of the difference between the log k values and magnitude of the log k values were positively related. Results suggest k values from the 2 measures are related but may not be used interchangeably...
  83. ncbi request reprint Peer influence on pre-adolescent girls' snack intake: effects of weight status
    Sarah Jeanne Salvy
    Department of Pediatrics, Division of Behavioral Medicine, University at Buffalo, State University of New York, Farber Hall, Room G56, 3435 Main Street, Building No 26, Buffalo, NY, 14214 3000, USA
    Appetite 49:177-82. 2007
    ..This study underscores differences in responses to the social environment between overweight and non-overweight youths...
  84. pmc Effects of social contexts on overweight and normal-weight children's food intake
    Sarah Jeanne Salvy
    Department of Pediatrics, Division of Behavioral Medicine, State University of New York at Buffalo, Farber Hall, Room G56, 3435 Main Street, Building 26, New York, 14214 3000, USA
    Physiol Behav 92:840-6. 2007
    ....
  85. ncbi request reprint Habituation of responding for food in humans
    Michelle Myers Ernst
    Illinois Wesleyan University, Bloomington, Illinois, USA
    Appetite 38:224-34. 2002
    ..All participants showed similar reductions of hunger and resumed responding for a novel food stimulus. This study documents that motivated responding for food in human shares characteristics of an habituation process...
  86. ncbi request reprint Can fruits and vegetables and activities substitute for snack foods?
    Gary S Goldfield
    Mental Health Research, Children s Hospital of Eastern Ontario Research Institute, Ottawa, Canada
    Health Psychol 21:299-303. 2002
    ..The switch point for both alternatives was equal. Results suggest that fruits and vegetables and sedentary activities can substitute for snack foods when the behavioral cost for snack foods is increased...
  87. ncbi request reprint Effects of dopamine transporter and receptor polymorphisms on smoking cessation in a bupropion clinical trial
    Caryn Lerman
    University of Pennsylvania, Dept of Psychiatry, Abramson Cancer Ctr, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Health Psychol 22:541-8. 2003
    ..These results provide the first evidence from a prospective clinical trial that genes that alter dopamine function may influence smoking cessation and relapse during the treatment phase...
  88. ncbi request reprint Gender differences in smoking cessation in a placebo-controlled trial of bupropion with behavioral counseling
    Bradley N Collins
    University of Pennsylvania, Tabacco Research Center, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Nicotine Tob Res 6:27-37. 2004
    ..These results suggest that bupropion treatment may reduce the gender disparity in prolonged abstinence rates among lighter smokers...
  89. ncbi request reprint Changes in food reward following smoking cessation: a pharmacogenetic investigation
    Caryn Lerman
    Department of Psychiatry, Abramson Cancer Center, University of Pennsylvania, 3535 Market Street, Suite 4100, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Psychopharmacology (Berl) 174:571-7. 2004
    ..Despite the high prevalence and public health significance of weight gain following smoking cessation, little is known about the underlying bio-behavioral mechanisms or effective therapies...
  90. ncbi request reprint Role of functional genetic variation in the dopamine D2 receptor (DRD2) in response to bupropion and nicotine replacement therapy for tobacco dependence: results of two randomized clinical trials
    Caryn Lerman
    Department of Psychiatry and Abramson Cancer Center, Tobacco Use Research Center, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Neuropsychopharmacology 31:231-42. 2006
    ..Study findings require confirmation in additional larger samples before they are applied in practice...
  91. ncbi request reprint Recurrent event analysis of lapse and recovery in a smoking cessation clinical trial using bupropion
    E Paul Wileyto
    University of Pennsylvania, Tobacco Use Research Center, Philadelphia, PA 19104 3309, USA
    Nicotine Tob Res 7:257-68. 2005
    ..Further research disentangling lapse and recovery events from summary abstinence measures is needed to help us develop interventions that take advantage of bupropion at its best and that compensate where it is weak...
  92. ncbi request reprint Validation of a questionnaire measure of the relative reinforcing value of food
    Gary S Goldfield
    Children s Hospital of Eastern Ontario Research Institute, Mental Health Research, 401 Smyth Rd, Ottawa, ON, Canada K1H 8L1
    Eat Behav 6:283-92. 2005
    ..Results from both studies suggest that the questionnaire has good validity, and may represent an efficient and reliable method of assessing the relative reinforcing value of food...