Michael R Elliott

Summary

Affiliation: University of Pennsylvania
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc Using a Bayesian latent growth curve model to identify trajectories of positive affect and negative events following myocardial infarction
    Michael R Elliott
    Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, 612 Blockley Hall, 423 Guardian Drive, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Biostatistics 6:119-43. 2005
  2. ncbi request reprint Accuracy of self-reported data for estimating crash severity
    Michael R Elliott
    Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, 612 Blockley Hall, 423 Guardian Drive, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Accid Anal Prev 35:833-40. 2003
  3. ncbi request reprint Primary access to vehicles increases risky teen driving behaviors and crashes: national perspective
    J Felipe Garcia-Espana
    Center for Injury Research and Prevention, Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA
    Pediatrics 124:1069-75. 2009
  4. pmc Are child passengers bringing up the rear? Evidence for differential improvements in injury risk between drivers and their child passengers
    Flaura K Winston
    Center for Injury Research and Prevention at The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    Annu Proc Assoc Adv Automot Med 51:113-27. 2007
  5. ncbi request reprint Parent driver characteristics associated with sub-optimal restraint of child passengers
    Flaura K Winston
    Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA
    Traffic Inj Prev 7:373-80. 2006
  6. doi request reprint Polymicrobial bloodstream infections among children and adolescents with central venous catheters evaluated in ambulatory care
    Kevin J Downes
    Divisions of Infectious Diseases, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 46:387-94. 2008
  7. pmc Differential risk of injury in child occupants by passenger car classification
    Michael J Kallan
    Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
    Annu Proc Assoc Adv Automot Med 47:329-41. 2003
  8. pmc Alcohol consumption, alcohol outlets, and the risk of being assaulted with a gun
    Charles C Branas
    Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Firearm and Injury Center at Penn, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, 423 Guardian Drive, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6021, USA
    Alcohol Clin Exp Res 33:906-15. 2009
  9. ncbi request reprint Injury risk to restrained children exposed to deployed first- and second-generation air bags in frontal crashes
    Kristy B Arbogast
    Division of Emergency Medicine, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 159:342-6. 2005
  10. doi request reprint Passenger compartment intrusion as a predictor of significant injury for children in motor vehicle crashes
    Susan L Evans
    Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
    J Trauma 66:504-7. 2009

Detail Information

Publications43

  1. pmc Using a Bayesian latent growth curve model to identify trajectories of positive affect and negative events following myocardial infarction
    Michael R Elliott
    Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, 612 Blockley Hall, 423 Guardian Drive, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Biostatistics 6:119-43. 2005
    ..We consider whether latent class models might be used to distinguish patients on the basis of trajectories of observed affect scores, reported events, and presence or absence of clinical depression...
  2. ncbi request reprint Accuracy of self-reported data for estimating crash severity
    Michael R Elliott
    Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, 612 Blockley Hall, 423 Guardian Drive, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Accid Anal Prev 35:833-40. 2003
    ..This "self-reported" delta-V measure, however, is a substantial improvement over use of estimated traveling speed or speed limit only...
  3. ncbi request reprint Primary access to vehicles increases risky teen driving behaviors and crashes: national perspective
    J Felipe Garcia-Espana
    Center for Injury Research and Prevention, Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA
    Pediatrics 124:1069-75. 2009
    ..The goal was to explore teen driver vehicle access and its association with risky driving behaviors and crashes...
  4. pmc Are child passengers bringing up the rear? Evidence for differential improvements in injury risk between drivers and their child passengers
    Flaura K Winston
    Center for Injury Research and Prevention at The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    Annu Proc Assoc Adv Automot Med 51:113-27. 2007
    ..While drivers experienced significant benefits in safety with increasing model years, children restrained by safety belts alone derived less safety benefit from newer vehicles...
  5. ncbi request reprint Parent driver characteristics associated with sub-optimal restraint of child passengers
    Flaura K Winston
    Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA
    Traffic Inj Prev 7:373-80. 2006
    ..To identify parent driver demographic and socioeconomic characteristics associated with the use of sub-optimal restraints for child passengers under nine years...
  6. doi request reprint Polymicrobial bloodstream infections among children and adolescents with central venous catheters evaluated in ambulatory care
    Kevin J Downes
    Divisions of Infectious Diseases, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 46:387-94. 2008
    ..Bloodstream infections (BSIs) are an ever-present concern for clinicians evaluating ill-appearing pediatric patients with central venous catheters (CVCs) in the ambulatory care setting...
  7. pmc Differential risk of injury in child occupants by passenger car classification
    Michael J Kallan
    Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
    Annu Proc Assoc Adv Automot Med 47:329-41. 2003
    ..Luxury and Sports vs. Small cars, despite similar average vehicle weights in both comparisons. Parents who are purchasing passenger cars should strongly consider the size of the vehicle and its crashworthiness...
  8. pmc Alcohol consumption, alcohol outlets, and the risk of being assaulted with a gun
    Charles C Branas
    Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Firearm and Injury Center at Penn, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, 423 Guardian Drive, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6021, USA
    Alcohol Clin Exp Res 33:906-15. 2009
    ..We conducted a population-based case-control study to better delineate the relationship between individual alcohol consumption, alcohol outlets in the surrounding environment, and being assaulted with a gun...
  9. ncbi request reprint Injury risk to restrained children exposed to deployed first- and second-generation air bags in frontal crashes
    Kristy B Arbogast
    Division of Emergency Medicine, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 159:342-6. 2005
    ....
  10. doi request reprint Passenger compartment intrusion as a predictor of significant injury for children in motor vehicle crashes
    Susan L Evans
    Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
    J Trauma 66:504-7. 2009
    ..Data to support intrusion as a proxy for injury severity in child occupants are lacking. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between intrusion and injury to children in motor vehicle crashes...
  11. ncbi request reprint Effects of seating position and appropriate restraint use on the risk of injury to children in motor vehicle crashes
    Dennis R Durbin
    TraumaLink, Department of Pediatrics, Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, 34th St and Civic Center Blvd, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Pediatrics 115:e305-9. 2005
    ....
  12. ncbi request reprint Recent trends in child restraint practices in the United States
    Flaura K Winston
    Department of Pediatrics, Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA
    Pediatrics 113:e458-64. 2004
    ..To assess the success of recent outreach activities to promote appropriate child restraint in motor vehicles by examining trends in restraint types used by children under age 9 in 3 large regions of the United States...
  13. ncbi request reprint Seat belt use among 13-15 year olds in primary and secondary enforcement law states
    Dennis R Durbin
    Center for Injury Research and Prevention at The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA 19104, United States
    Accid Anal Prev 39:524-9. 2007
    ..Given the lower rates of restraint use among teen drivers and their passengers, the effect of primary enforcement laws on the restraint use of young teen passengers is of particular interest...
  14. pmc Differential risk of injury to child occupants by SUV size
    Michael J Kallan
    Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
    Annu Proc Assoc Adv Automot Med 48:87-100. 2004
    ..There is an increased risk in both Small and Midsize SUVs when compared to Large SUVs. Parents who are purchasing a SUV should strongly consider the size of the vehicle and its crashworthiness...
  15. pmc Shifts in child restraint use according to child weight in the United States from 1999 to 2002
    Flaura K Winston
    TraumaLink The Interdisciplinary Pediatric Injury Control Research Center, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    Annu Proc Assoc Adv Automot Med 47:313-28. 2003
    ..Despite progress, substantial inappropriate restraint still remains and continued investment in outreach efforts is necessary. The risk of injury for heavier children in child restraints with harnesses should be monitored...
  16. pmc Delta V as a predictor of significant injury for children involved in frontal motor vehicle crashes
    Michael L Nance
    Surgery, Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Ann Surg 243:121-5. 2006
    ..The objective of this study was to examine the association between delta V and risk of injury to children involved in frontal motor vehicle crashes...
  17. ncbi request reprint Effect of booster seat laws on appropriate restraint use by children 4 to 7 years old involved in crashes
    Flaura K Winston
    Center for Injury Research and Prevention, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, 3535 Market Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 161:270-5. 2007
    ..To quantify the independent contribution of recently enacted booster seat laws on appropriate restraint use by child passengers in motor vehicles...
  18. ncbi request reprint Acute traumatic stress symptoms in child occupants and their parent drivers after crash involvement
    Flaura K Winston
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Pennsylvania and TraumaLink, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, 34th Street and Civic Center Boulevard, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 159:1074-9. 2005
    ..These families represent a minority of those exposed to the trauma of a crash. To date, no studies have explored the prevalence of ASD symptoms in the broader population of children and parents exposed to crashes...
  19. ncbi request reprint Belt-positioning booster seats and reduction in risk of injury among children in vehicle crashes
    Dennis R Durbin
    Department of Pediatrics, Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, and the Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia 19104, USA
    JAMA 289:2835-40. 2003
    ..Lack of booster seat effectiveness data may be a barrier to passage of stronger child restraint laws...
  20. doi request reprint National young-driver survey: teen perspective and experience with factors that affect driving safety
    Kenneth R Ginsburg
    Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Center for Injury Research and Prevention, 34th Street and Civic Center Boulevard, Suite 1150, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Pediatrics 121:e1391-403. 2008
    ..Motor vehicle crashes are the leading cause of fatality and acquired disability in adolescents. Young, inexperienced drivers are overrepresented in crashes...
  21. pmc Homicide and geographic access to gun dealers in the United States
    Douglas J Wiebe
    Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia PA, USA
    BMC Public Health 9:199. 2009
    ..Whether FFLs contribute to gun-related homicide in areas where they are located, in which case FFLs may be a homicide risk factor that can be modified, is not known...
  22. ncbi request reprint Acute healthcare utilization by children after motor vehicle crashes
    Flaura K Winston
    the Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, The University of Pennsylvania, Blockley Hall, Room 818, 423 Guardian Drive, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Accid Anal Prev 36:507-11. 2004
    ....
  23. doi request reprint How long does it take to "rule out" bacteremia in children with central venous catheters?
    Samir S Shah
    Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Division of Infectious Diseases, Room 1526, North Campus, 34th Street and Civic Center Boulevard, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Pediatrics 121:135-41. 2008
    ....
  24. doi request reprint Risk factors for death among older child and teenaged motor vehicle passengers
    Flaura Koplin Winston
    The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, 3535 Market St, Ste 1150, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 162:253-60. 2008
    ..To identify and prioritize risk factors for passenger death...
  25. ncbi request reprint Drivers of accident preparedness and safety: evidence from the RMP Rule
    Paul R Kleindorfer
    The Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    J Hazard Mater 115:9-16. 2004
    ....
  26. ncbi request reprint Accident epidemiology and the U.S. chemical industry: accident history and worst-case data from RMP*Info
    Paul R Kleindorfer
    Risk Management and Decision Processes Center, The Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania, USA
    Risk Anal 23:865-81. 2003
    ..Following the survey of the RMP*Info data, we discuss the rich set of policy decisions that may be informed by research based on these data...
  27. doi request reprint Association between weight and risk of crash-related injuries for children in child restraints
    Mark R Zonfrillo
    Department ofPediatrics, Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Pediatrics 128:1148-52. 2011
    ..To determine the association between weight and the risk of injury in motor vehicle crashes (MVCs) for children 1 through 8 years of age who were using child restraints...
  28. ncbi request reprint Predicting event times in clinical trials when treatment arm is masked
    J Mark Donovan
    Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia 19104 6021, USA
    J Biopharm Stat 16:343-56. 2006
    ..Simulations show that the mixture model with diffuse priors can have better coverage probabilities for the prediction interval than the nonmixture models if a treatment effect is present...
  29. ncbi request reprint Cerebrospinal fluid mononuclear cell predominance is not related to symptom duration in children with enteroviral meningitis
    Samir S Shah
    Division of Infectious Diseases, Clinical Virology Laboratory, and the Department of Infection Prevention and Control, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    J Pediatr 148:118-21. 2006
    ..These findings suggest that factors other than symptom duration influence the composition and evolution of the CSF white blood cell response to enteroviral infection...
  30. ncbi request reprint Risk of injury to child passengers in compact extended-cab pickup trucks
    Flaura K Winston
    Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, 34th Street and Civic Center Boulevard, 3535 TraumaLink, 10th Floor, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    JAMA 287:1147-52. 2002
    ..An increasing number of compact pickup trucks can accommodate restrained rear occupants. Rear seats in these pickup trucks are exempt from regulatory safety testing though their relative safety has not been determined...
  31. pmc Urban-rural shifts in intentional firearm death: different causes, same results
    Charles C Branas
    Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, University of Pennsylvania, 829 Blockley Hall, 423 Guardian Drive, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6021, USA
    Am J Public Health 94:1750-5. 2004
    ..We analyzed urban-rural differences in intentional firearm death...
  32. pmc High prevalence of overweight among pediatric users of community health centers
    Nicolas Stettler
    Division of Gastroenterology and Nutrition, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104 4399, USA
    Pediatrics 116:e381-8. 2005
    ....
  33. ncbi request reprint The role of hazardousness and regulatory practice in the accidental release of chemicals at U.S. industrial facilities
    Michael R Elliott
    Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    Risk Anal 23:883-96. 2003
    ..The results are interpreted in light of economic drivers of protective activity and regulatory priorities for monitoring and enforcement...
  34. pmc Baseline patient characteristics and mortality associated with longitudinal intervention compliance
    Julia Y Lin
    Center for Multicultural Mental Health Research, Somerville, MA 02143, USA
    Stat Med 26:5100-15. 2007
    ..Since the superclasses are completely latent in all subjects, we utilize multiple imputation techniques to draw inferences. We apply this approach to a randomized intervention study for elderly primary care patients with depression...
  35. pmc Gender differences among young drivers in the association between high-risk driving and substance use/environmental influences
    Michael R Elliott
    Department of Biostatistics, School of Public Health and Survey Research Center, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 2150, USA
    J Stud Alcohol 67:252-60. 2006
    ..The primary aim of this article is to assess young drivers' gender differences in the associations between substance use/environmental influences and high-risk driving behavior...
  36. ncbi request reprint Effectiveness of child safety seats vs seat belts in reducing risk for death in children in passenger vehicle crashes
    Michael R Elliott
    Department of Biostatistics, University of Michigan School of Public Health, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 160:617-21. 2006
    ..To provide an estimate of benefit, if any, of child restraint systems over seat belts alone for children aged from 2 through 6 years...
  37. ncbi request reprint Child passenger injury risk in motor vehicle crashes: a comparison of nighttime and daytime driving by teenage and adult drivers
    Irene G Chen
    The Center for Injury Research and Prevention, Department of Pediatrics, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, and the Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine 19104, USA
    J Safety Res 37:299-306. 2006
    ..To examine the association between child passenger injury risk, restraint use, and crash time (day vs. night) for children in crashes of vehicles driven by teenage versus adult drivers...
  38. ncbi request reprint A latent class analysis of injury patterns among rear-seated, seat-belted children
    Michael R Elliott
    Department of Biostatistics, University of Michigan School of Public Health, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109, USA
    J Trauma 61:1244-8. 2006
    ..The objective of the study was to determine the constellation of injury patterns in rear-seated, seat-belt-restrained children using data-driven latent class methodology novel to injury prevention research...
  39. ncbi request reprint Identifying latent clusters of variability in longitudinal data
    Michael R Elliott
    Department of Biostatistics, University of Michigan, 1420 Washington Heights, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
    Biostatistics 8:756-71. 2007
    ..The resulting residual errors are then clustered into unobserved clusters of variability that are in turn related to subject-level predictors of interest. An application is made to psychological affect data...
  40. pmc Social and behavioral characteristics of young adult drink/drivers adjusted for level of alcohol use
    C Raymond Bingham
    University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
    Alcohol Clin Exp Res 31:655-64. 2007
    ..As a result, the extent to which predictors are specific to drink/driving, versus due to a mutual association to alcohol use, is unclear...
  41. ncbi request reprint Predicting event times in clinical trials when randomization is masked and blocked
    J Mark Donovan
    Pharmaceutical Research Institute, Bristol Myers Squibb Company, Pennington, NJ 08534, USA
    Clin Trials 4:481-90. 2007
    ..Existing Bayesian methods may be used to predict the date of the landmark event using observed enrollment, event, and loss times when treatment arm information is masked...
  42. ncbi request reprint A potential outcomes approach to developmental toxicity analyses
    Michael R Elliott
    Department of Biostatistics, University of Michigan, 1420 Washington Heights, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109, USA
    Biometrics 62:352-60. 2006
    ..A unique contribution to the potential outcomes literature is that we allow the outcome for a subject to be dependent on the principal stratum to which other subjects within a cluster belong...
  43. ncbi request reprint The effect of a thyroid hormone infusion on vasopressor support in critically ill children with cessation of neurologic function
    Athena F Zuppa
    Department of Anesthesia and Critical Care Medicine, Division of Critical Care Medicine, Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, USA
    Crit Care Med 32:2318-22. 2004
    ..To determine the impact of a thyroid hormone infusion (T4) on the vasopressor requirements in children with cessation of neurologic function (i.e., brain death) during evaluation for organ recovery..