Michael Elliott

Summary

Affiliation: University of Michigan
Country: USA

Publications

  1. doi request reprint Accommodating missingness when assessing surrogacy via principal stratification
    Michael R Elliott
    Department of Biostatistics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
    Clin Trials 10:363-77. 2013
  2. pmc Associations between variability of risk factors and health outcomes in longitudinal studies
    Michael R Elliott
    Department of Biostatistics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
    Stat Med 31:2745-56. 2012
  3. doi request reprint Determining subgroups of teens for targeted driving injury prevention strategies: a latent class analysis approach
    Michael R Elliott
    Department of Biostatistics, University of Michigan School of Public Health, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109, USA
    Traffic Inj Prev 13:258-64. 2012
  4. pmc Homicide and geographic access to gun dealers in the United States
    Douglas J Wiebe
    Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia PA, USA
    BMC Public Health 9:199. 2009
  5. pmc Bayesian inference for causal mediation effects using principal stratification with dichotomous mediators and outcomes
    Michael R Elliott
    Department of Biostatistics, University of Michigan, 1420 Washington Heights, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
    Biostatistics 11:353-72. 2010
  6. ncbi request reprint A potential outcomes approach to developmental toxicity analyses
    Michael R Elliott
    Department of Biostatistics, University of Michigan, 1420 Washington Heights, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109, USA
    Biometrics 62:352-60. 2006
  7. ncbi request reprint A latent class analysis of injury patterns among rear-seated, seat-belted children
    Michael R Elliott
    Department of Biostatistics, University of Michigan School of Public Health, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109, USA
    J Trauma 61:1244-8. 2006
  8. ncbi request reprint Identifying latent clusters of variability in longitudinal data
    Michael R Elliott
    Department of Biostatistics, University of Michigan, 1420 Washington Heights, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
    Biostatistics 8:756-71. 2007
  9. pmc A simple method to generate equal-sized homogenous strata or clusters for population-based sampling
    Michael R Elliott
    Department of Biostatistics, University of Michigan School of Public Health, Ann Arbor 48109, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 21:290-6. 2011
  10. doi request reprint Matched cohort analysis in traffic injury epidemiology: including adults when estimating exposure risks for children
    Michael R Elliott
    Department of Biostatistics, School of Public Health, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109, USA
    Inj Prev 16:367-71. 2010

Research Grants

Detail Information

Publications41

  1. doi request reprint Accommodating missingness when assessing surrogacy via principal stratification
    Michael R Elliott
    Department of Biostatistics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
    Clin Trials 10:363-77. 2013
    ..Understanding associations between the causal effect (CE) of treatment on the outcome and the causal effect of treatment on the surrogate is critical to understanding the value of a surrogate from a clinical perspective...
  2. pmc Associations between variability of risk factors and health outcomes in longitudinal studies
    Michael R Elliott
    Department of Biostatistics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
    Stat Med 31:2745-56. 2012
    ..We consider an application to relating word recall measures obtained over time to dementia onset from the Health and Retirement Survey...
  3. doi request reprint Determining subgroups of teens for targeted driving injury prevention strategies: a latent class analysis approach
    Michael R Elliott
    Department of Biostatistics, University of Michigan School of Public Health, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109, USA
    Traffic Inj Prev 13:258-64. 2012
    ..To utilize teen traffic safety belief profiles to improve targeting of resources and messages to young novice drivers...
  4. pmc Homicide and geographic access to gun dealers in the United States
    Douglas J Wiebe
    Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia PA, USA
    BMC Public Health 9:199. 2009
    ..Whether FFLs contribute to gun-related homicide in areas where they are located, in which case FFLs may be a homicide risk factor that can be modified, is not known...
  5. pmc Bayesian inference for causal mediation effects using principal stratification with dichotomous mediators and outcomes
    Michael R Elliott
    Department of Biostatistics, University of Michigan, 1420 Washington Heights, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
    Biostatistics 11:353-72. 2010
    ..We consider an application that explores the mediating effects of adult poverty on the relationship between childhood poverty and risk of death...
  6. ncbi request reprint A potential outcomes approach to developmental toxicity analyses
    Michael R Elliott
    Department of Biostatistics, University of Michigan, 1420 Washington Heights, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109, USA
    Biometrics 62:352-60. 2006
    ..A unique contribution to the potential outcomes literature is that we allow the outcome for a subject to be dependent on the principal stratum to which other subjects within a cluster belong...
  7. ncbi request reprint A latent class analysis of injury patterns among rear-seated, seat-belted children
    Michael R Elliott
    Department of Biostatistics, University of Michigan School of Public Health, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109, USA
    J Trauma 61:1244-8. 2006
    ..The objective of the study was to determine the constellation of injury patterns in rear-seated, seat-belt-restrained children using data-driven latent class methodology novel to injury prevention research...
  8. ncbi request reprint Identifying latent clusters of variability in longitudinal data
    Michael R Elliott
    Department of Biostatistics, University of Michigan, 1420 Washington Heights, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
    Biostatistics 8:756-71. 2007
    ..The resulting residual errors are then clustered into unobserved clusters of variability that are in turn related to subject-level predictors of interest. An application is made to psychological affect data...
  9. pmc A simple method to generate equal-sized homogenous strata or clusters for population-based sampling
    Michael R Elliott
    Department of Biostatistics, University of Michigan School of Public Health, Ann Arbor 48109, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 21:290-6. 2011
    ..However, there were few methods that allowed such strata or clusters to be constructed under these contiguity and equal size constraints...
  10. doi request reprint Matched cohort analysis in traffic injury epidemiology: including adults when estimating exposure risks for children
    Michael R Elliott
    Department of Biostatistics, School of Public Health, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109, USA
    Inj Prev 16:367-71. 2010
    ..The assumptions may be questionable if adults are being matched to children...
  11. doi request reprint Appropriate analysis of CIREN data: using NASS-CDS to reduce bias in estimation of injury risk factors in passenger vehicle crashes
    Michael R Elliott
    Department of Biostatistics, University of Michigan School of Public Health, 1420 Washington Heights, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, United States
    Accid Anal Prev 42:530-9. 2010
    ..Results of these analyses demonstrate combining NASS and CIREN data can yield improvements in mean square error and nominal confidence interval coverage over analyses that use either the NASS-CDS or the CIREN sample alone...
  12. pmc Gender differences among young drivers in the association between high-risk driving and substance use/environmental influences
    Michael R Elliott
    Department of Biostatistics, School of Public Health and Survey Research Center, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 2150, USA
    J Stud Alcohol 67:252-60. 2006
    ..The primary aim of this article is to assess young drivers' gender differences in the associations between substance use/environmental influences and high-risk driving behavior...
  13. pmc A bayesian approach to surrogacy assessment using principal stratification in clinical trials
    Yun Li
    Department of Biostatistics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 2029, USA
    Biometrics 66:523-31. 2010
    ..We also explore the relationship among the surrogacy measures based on traditional models and this counterfactual model. The method is applied to the data from a glaucoma treatment study...
  14. pmc Social and behavioral characteristics of young adult drink/drivers adjusted for level of alcohol use
    C Raymond Bingham
    University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
    Alcohol Clin Exp Res 31:655-64. 2007
    ..As a result, the extent to which predictors are specific to drink/driving, versus due to a mutual association to alcohol use, is unclear...
  15. doi request reprint Unlicensed teenaged drivers: who are they, and how do they behave when they are behind the wheel?
    Michael R Elliott
    Department of Biostatistics, University of Michigan School of Public Health, and Survey Methodology Program, Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
    Pediatrics 122:e994-1000. 2008
    ..The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence and associated risk factors for unlicensed driving among 9th- through 11th-graders...
  16. ncbi request reprint Effectiveness of child safety seats vs seat belts in reducing risk for death in children in passenger vehicle crashes
    Michael R Elliott
    Department of Biostatistics, University of Michigan School of Public Health, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 160:617-21. 2006
    ..To provide an estimate of benefit, if any, of child restraint systems over seat belts alone for children aged from 2 through 6 years...
  17. doi request reprint Risk factors for death among older child and teenaged motor vehicle passengers
    Flaura Koplin Winston
    The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, 3535 Market St, Ste 1150, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 162:253-60. 2008
    ..To identify and prioritize risk factors for passenger death...
  18. pmc Are child passengers bringing up the rear? Evidence for differential improvements in injury risk between drivers and their child passengers
    Flaura K Winston
    Center for Injury Research and Prevention at The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    Annu Proc Assoc Adv Automot Med 51:113-27. 2007
    ..While drivers experienced significant benefits in safety with increasing model years, children restrained by safety belts alone derived less safety benefit from newer vehicles...
  19. ncbi request reprint Acute healthcare utilization by children after motor vehicle crashes
    Flaura K Winston
    the Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, The University of Pennsylvania, Blockley Hall, Room 818, 423 Guardian Drive, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Accid Anal Prev 36:507-11. 2004
    ....
  20. ncbi request reprint Seat belt use among 13-15 year olds in primary and secondary enforcement law states
    Dennis R Durbin
    Center for Injury Research and Prevention at The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA 19104, United States
    Accid Anal Prev 39:524-9. 2007
    ..Given the lower rates of restraint use among teen drivers and their passengers, the effect of primary enforcement laws on the restraint use of young teen passengers is of particular interest...
  21. ncbi request reprint Effect of booster seat laws on appropriate restraint use by children 4 to 7 years old involved in crashes
    Flaura K Winston
    Center for Injury Research and Prevention, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, 3535 Market Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 161:270-5. 2007
    ..To quantify the independent contribution of recently enacted booster seat laws on appropriate restraint use by child passengers in motor vehicles...
  22. doi request reprint National young-driver survey: teen perspective and experience with factors that affect driving safety
    Kenneth R Ginsburg
    Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Center for Injury Research and Prevention, 34th Street and Civic Center Boulevard, Suite 1150, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Pediatrics 121:e1391-403. 2008
    ..Motor vehicle crashes are the leading cause of fatality and acquired disability in adolescents. Young, inexperienced drivers are overrepresented in crashes...
  23. ncbi request reprint Parent driver characteristics associated with sub-optimal restraint of child passengers
    Flaura K Winston
    Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA
    Traffic Inj Prev 7:373-80. 2006
    ..To identify parent driver demographic and socioeconomic characteristics associated with the use of sub-optimal restraints for child passengers under nine years...
  24. ncbi request reprint Effects of seating position and appropriate restraint use on the risk of injury to children in motor vehicle crashes
    Dennis R Durbin
    TraumaLink, Department of Pediatrics, Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, 34th St and Civic Center Blvd, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Pediatrics 115:e305-9. 2005
    ....
  25. ncbi request reprint Belt-positioning booster seats and reduction in risk of injury among children in vehicle crashes
    Dennis R Durbin
    Department of Pediatrics, Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, and the Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia 19104, USA
    JAMA 289:2835-40. 2003
    ..Lack of booster seat effectiveness data may be a barrier to passage of stronger child restraint laws...
  26. ncbi request reprint Child passenger injury risk in motor vehicle crashes: a comparison of nighttime and daytime driving by teenage and adult drivers
    Irene G Chen
    The Center for Injury Research and Prevention, Department of Pediatrics, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, and the Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine 19104, USA
    J Safety Res 37:299-306. 2006
    ..To examine the association between child passenger injury risk, restraint use, and crash time (day vs. night) for children in crashes of vehicles driven by teenage versus adult drivers...
  27. ncbi request reprint Predicting event times in clinical trials when treatment arm is masked
    J Mark Donovan
    Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia 19104 6021, USA
    J Biopharm Stat 16:343-56. 2006
    ..Simulations show that the mixture model with diffuse priors can have better coverage probabilities for the prediction interval than the nonmixture models if a treatment effect is present...
  28. ncbi request reprint Risk of injury to child passengers in compact extended-cab pickup trucks
    Flaura K Winston
    Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, 34th Street and Civic Center Boulevard, 3535 TraumaLink, 10th Floor, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    JAMA 287:1147-52. 2002
    ..An increasing number of compact pickup trucks can accommodate restrained rear occupants. Rear seats in these pickup trucks are exempt from regulatory safety testing though their relative safety has not been determined...
  29. pmc Shifts in child restraint use according to child weight in the United States from 1999 to 2002
    Flaura K Winston
    TraumaLink The Interdisciplinary Pediatric Injury Control Research Center, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    Annu Proc Assoc Adv Automot Med 47:313-28. 2003
    ..Despite progress, substantial inappropriate restraint still remains and continued investment in outreach efforts is necessary. The risk of injury for heavier children in child restraints with harnesses should be monitored...
  30. ncbi request reprint Accuracy of self-reported data for estimating crash severity
    Michael R Elliott
    Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, 612 Blockley Hall, 423 Guardian Drive, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Accid Anal Prev 35:833-40. 2003
    ..This "self-reported" delta-V measure, however, is a substantial improvement over use of estimated traveling speed or speed limit only...
  31. ncbi request reprint Recent trends in child restraint practices in the United States
    Flaura K Winston
    Department of Pediatrics, Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA
    Pediatrics 113:e458-64. 2004
    ..To assess the success of recent outreach activities to promote appropriate child restraint in motor vehicles by examining trends in restraint types used by children under age 9 in 3 large regions of the United States...
  32. pmc Differential risk of injury in child occupants by passenger car classification
    Michael J Kallan
    Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
    Annu Proc Assoc Adv Automot Med 47:329-41. 2003
    ..Luxury and Sports vs. Small cars, despite similar average vehicle weights in both comparisons. Parents who are purchasing passenger cars should strongly consider the size of the vehicle and its crashworthiness...
  33. pmc Differential risk of injury to child occupants by SUV size
    Michael J Kallan
    Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
    Annu Proc Assoc Adv Automot Med 48:87-100. 2004
    ..There is an increased risk in both Small and Midsize SUVs when compared to Large SUVs. Parents who are purchasing a SUV should strongly consider the size of the vehicle and its crashworthiness...
  34. pmc Urban-rural shifts in intentional firearm death: different causes, same results
    Charles C Branas
    Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, University of Pennsylvania, 829 Blockley Hall, 423 Guardian Drive, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6021, USA
    Am J Public Health 94:1750-5. 2004
    ..We analyzed urban-rural differences in intentional firearm death...
  35. ncbi request reprint Predicting event times in clinical trials when randomization is masked and blocked
    J Mark Donovan
    Pharmaceutical Research Institute, Bristol Myers Squibb Company, Pennington, NJ 08534, USA
    Clin Trials 4:481-90. 2007
    ..Existing Bayesian methods may be used to predict the date of the landmark event using observed enrollment, event, and loss times when treatment arm information is masked...
  36. pmc Baseline patient characteristics and mortality associated with longitudinal intervention compliance
    Julia Y Lin
    Center for Multicultural Mental Health Research, Somerville, MA 02143, USA
    Stat Med 26:5100-15. 2007
    ..Since the superclasses are completely latent in all subjects, we utilize multiple imputation techniques to draw inferences. We apply this approach to a randomized intervention study for elderly primary care patients with depression...
  37. pmc Using a Bayesian latent growth curve model to identify trajectories of positive affect and negative events following myocardial infarction
    Michael R Elliott
    Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, 612 Blockley Hall, 423 Guardian Drive, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Biostatistics 6:119-43. 2005
    ..We consider whether latent class models might be used to distinguish patients on the basis of trajectories of observed affect scores, reported events, and presence or absence of clinical depression...
  38. ncbi request reprint Injury risk to restrained children exposed to deployed first- and second-generation air bags in frontal crashes
    Kristy B Arbogast
    Division of Emergency Medicine, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 159:342-6. 2005
    ....
  39. ncbi request reprint Acute traumatic stress symptoms in child occupants and their parent drivers after crash involvement
    Flaura K Winston
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Pennsylvania and TraumaLink, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, 34th Street and Civic Center Boulevard, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 159:1074-9. 2005
    ..These families represent a minority of those exposed to the trauma of a crash. To date, no studies have explored the prevalence of ASD symptoms in the broader population of children and parents exposed to crashes...
  40. pmc Delta V as a predictor of significant injury for children involved in frontal motor vehicle crashes
    Michael L Nance
    Surgery, Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Ann Surg 243:121-5. 2006
    ..The objective of this study was to examine the association between delta V and risk of injury to children involved in frontal motor vehicle crashes...
  41. ncbi request reprint Cerebrospinal fluid mononuclear cell predominance is not related to symptom duration in children with enteroviral meningitis
    Samir S Shah
    Division of Infectious Diseases, Clinical Virology Laboratory, and the Department of Infection Prevention and Control, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    J Pediatr 148:118-21. 2006
    ..These findings suggest that factors other than symptom duration influence the composition and evolution of the CSF white blood cell response to enteroviral infection...

Research Grants7

  1. Combining Data from the NHIS and BRFSS
    Michael Elliott; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..This approach is particularly promising because, in contrast to other proposed techniques, it can be applied using existing publicly available data. ..
  2. Model-Based Methods for the Analyses of Weighted Data
    Michael Elliott; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  3. Hierarchical Bayesian Analysis of Complex Sample Survey Data
    Michael Elliott; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The work can also improve the efficient use of data currently collected by developing new ways of combining data from multiple surveys. ..
  4. Hierarchical Bayesian Analysis of Complex Sample Survey Data
    Michael R Elliott; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The work can also improve the efficient use of data currently collected by developing new ways of combining data from multiple surveys. ..