Joseph DiFranza

Summary

Affiliation: University of Massachusetts Medical School
Country: USA

Publications

  1. doi request reprint The loss of autonomy over smoking in relation to lifetime cigarette consumption
    W W Sanouri A Ursprung
    Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts 01655, USA
    Addict Behav 35:14-8. 2010
  2. doi request reprint The assessment of tobacco dependence in young users of smokeless tobacco
    Joseph R DiFranza
    Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Massachusetts Medical School, 55 Lake Avenue North, Worcester, Massachusetts 01655, USA
    Tob Control 21:471-6. 2012
  3. doi request reprint Which interventions against the sale of tobacco to minors can be expected to reduce smoking?
    Joseph R DiFranza
    Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Massachusetts Medical School, 55 Lake Avenue, Worcester, Massachusetts 01655, USA
    Tob Control 21:436-42. 2012
  4. ncbi request reprint Best practices for enforcing state laws prohibiting the sale of tobacco to minors
    Joseph R DiFranza
    Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA 01655, USA
    J Public Health Manag Pract 11:559-65. 2005
  5. ncbi request reprint Tobacco promotion and the initiation of tobacco use: assessing the evidence for causality
    Joseph R DiFranza
    Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA 01655, USA
    Pediatrics 117:e1237-48. 2006
  6. pmc Thwarting science by protecting the received wisdom on tobacco addiction from the scientific method
    Joseph R DiFranza
    Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA, USA
    Harm Reduct J 7:26. 2010
  7. ncbi request reprint Sensitization to nicotine: how the animal literature might inform future human research
    Joseph R DiFranza
    Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA 01655
    Nicotine Tob Res 9:9-20. 2007
  8. ncbi request reprint Symptoms of tobacco dependence after brief intermittent use: the Development and Assessment of Nicotine Dependence in Youth-2 study
    Joseph R DiFranza
    Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA 01655, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 161:704-10. 2007
  9. doi request reprint A systematic review of the International Classification of Diseases criteria for the diagnosis of tobacco dependence
    Joseph DiFranza
    Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA 01655, United States
    Addict Behav 35:805-10. 2010
  10. doi request reprint New insights into the compulsion to use tobacco from an adolescent case-series
    Joseph R DiFranza
    Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Massachusetts Medical School, 55 Lake Avenue, Worcester, Massachusetts 01655, USA
    J Adolesc 33:209-14. 2010

Research Grants

  1. The Transition of Nicotine Dependence
    Joseph DiFranza; Fiscal Year: 2005

Detail Information

Publications61

  1. doi request reprint The loss of autonomy over smoking in relation to lifetime cigarette consumption
    W W Sanouri A Ursprung
    Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts 01655, USA
    Addict Behav 35:14-8. 2010
    ..Diminished autonomy after one or two cigarettes, and DSM-IV nicotine dependence after 10-19, support the sensitization-homeostasis theory of nicotine addiction that the addiction process is initiated by the first few cigarettes...
  2. doi request reprint The assessment of tobacco dependence in young users of smokeless tobacco
    Joseph R DiFranza
    Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Massachusetts Medical School, 55 Lake Avenue North, Worcester, Massachusetts 01655, USA
    Tob Control 21:471-6. 2012
    ..Dippers and smokers were also compared in relation to dependence, the pleasure derived from using tobacco and the latency to the onset of withdrawal...
  3. doi request reprint Which interventions against the sale of tobacco to minors can be expected to reduce smoking?
    Joseph R DiFranza
    Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Massachusetts Medical School, 55 Lake Avenue, Worcester, Massachusetts 01655, USA
    Tob Control 21:436-42. 2012
    ..The object of this study was to determine if disrupting the sale of tobacco to minors can be expected to reduce tobacco use by youths...
  4. ncbi request reprint Best practices for enforcing state laws prohibiting the sale of tobacco to minors
    Joseph R DiFranza
    Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA 01655, USA
    J Public Health Manag Pract 11:559-65. 2005
    ..To determine best practices for enforcing public health laws prohibiting the sale of tobacco to minors...
  5. ncbi request reprint Tobacco promotion and the initiation of tobacco use: assessing the evidence for causality
    Joseph R DiFranza
    Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA 01655, USA
    Pediatrics 117:e1237-48. 2006
    ..We sought to determine whether there is evidence of a causal link between exposure to tobacco promotion and the initiation of tobacco use by children...
  6. pmc Thwarting science by protecting the received wisdom on tobacco addiction from the scientific method
    Joseph R DiFranza
    Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA, USA
    Harm Reduct J 7:26. 2010
    ....
  7. ncbi request reprint Sensitization to nicotine: how the animal literature might inform future human research
    Joseph R DiFranza
    Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA 01655
    Nicotine Tob Res 9:9-20. 2007
    ..Sensitization is incorporated into two theories of addiction: incentive-sensitization and sensitization-homeostasis. Whether sensitization occurs in humans and how it is expressed is unclear, as is its role in human addiction...
  8. ncbi request reprint Symptoms of tobacco dependence after brief intermittent use: the Development and Assessment of Nicotine Dependence in Youth-2 study
    Joseph R DiFranza
    Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA 01655, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 161:704-10. 2007
    ..The first study found that symptoms of dependence commonly appeared soon after the onset of intermittent smoking...
  9. doi request reprint A systematic review of the International Classification of Diseases criteria for the diagnosis of tobacco dependence
    Joseph DiFranza
    Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA 01655, United States
    Addict Behav 35:805-10. 2010
    ..We contrast the utility of the ICD-TD criteria to an approach of diagnosing tobacco addiction on the basis of a single criterion of a compulsion to use tobacco...
  10. doi request reprint New insights into the compulsion to use tobacco from an adolescent case-series
    Joseph R DiFranza
    Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Massachusetts Medical School, 55 Lake Avenue, Worcester, Massachusetts 01655, USA
    J Adolesc 33:209-14. 2010
    ..Wanting, craving or needing tobacco, as described in this study, are pathognomonic for a compulsion to use tobacco...
  11. ncbi request reprint Susceptibility to nicotine dependence: the Development and Assessment of Nicotine Dependence in Youth 2 study
    Joseph R DiFranza
    Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Massachusetts Medical School, 55 Lake Ave, Worcester, MA 01655, USA
    Pediatrics 120:e974-83. 2007
    ..We studied a cohort of 1246 public school 6th-graders in 6 Massachusetts communities (mean age at baseline: 12.2 years)...
  12. ncbi request reprint Hooked from the first cigarette
    Joseph R DiFranza
    Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA 01655, USA
    J Fam Pract 56:1017-22. 2007
  13. doi request reprint A systematic review of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual diagnostic criteria for nicotine dependence
    Joseph DiFranza
    Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Massachusetts Medical School, 55 Lake Avenue, Worcester, MA 01655, USA
    Addict Behav 35:373-82. 2010
    ..However, the data do not support the central premise of a 3-symptom diagnostic threshold, and no data establish that the DSM-ND criteria provide an accurate diagnosis of nicotine dependence...
  14. doi request reprint The Autonomy Over Smoking Scale
    Joseph R DiFranza
    Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA 01655, USA
    Psychol Addict Behav 23:656-65. 2009
    ....
  15. doi request reprint Let the children be heard: lessons from studies of the early onset of tobacco addiction
    Joseph R DiFranza
    University of Massachusetts Medical School, Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, 55 Lake Ave, Worcester, MA 01655, USA
    Pediatrics 121:623-4. 2008
  16. doi request reprint The latency to the onset of nicotine withdrawal: a test of the sensitization-homeostasis theory
    Joseph R DiFranza
    Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts 01655, USA
    Addict Behav 33:1148-53. 2008
    ..The LTW correlated inversely with monthly cigarette consumption (Kendall's tau b=-.53, P<.001) and the duration of smoking (Kendall's tau b=-.25, P<.001) as predicted by the sensitization-homeostasis theory...
  17. doi request reprint The developmental sequence of tobacco withdrawal symptoms of wanting, craving and needing
    Joseph R DiFranza
    Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA 01655, USA
    Pharmacol Biochem Behav 100:494-7. 2012
    ..The objective of the current study was to determine if this observation would be confirmed by a second case series...
  18. pmc Enforcement of underage sales laws as a predictor of daily smoking among adolescents: a national study
    Joseph R DiFranza
    Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA, USA
    BMC Public Health 9:107. 2009
    ..Our objective was to determine if state compliance with tobacco sales laws is associated with a decreased risk of current daily smoking among adolescents...
  19. ncbi request reprint A sensitization-homeostasis model of nicotine craving, withdrawal, and tolerance: integrating the clinical and basic science literature
    Joseph R DiFranza
    Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA 01655, USA
    Nicotine Tob Res 7:9-26. 2005
    ..It provides a framework for theory-based research...
  20. pmc The federal initiative to halt the sale of tobacco to children--the Synar Amendment, 1992-2000: lessons learned
    J R DiFranza
    Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts 01655, USA
    Tob Control 14:93-8. 2005
    ..The Synar Amendment was enacted by the US Congress in 1992 to require states and territories to establish and enforce laws prohibiting the sale of tobacco to minors...
  21. ncbi request reprint Measuring the loss of autonomy over nicotine use in adolescents: the DANDY (Development and Assessment of Nicotine Dependence in Youths) study
    Joseph R DiFranza
    Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Massachusetts Medical School, 55 Lake Ave, Worcester, MA 01655, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 156:397-403. 2002
    ..We propose that nicotine dependence begins when autonomy is lost, ie, when the sequelae of tobacco use, either physical or psychological, present a barrier to quitting...
  22. pmc Sources of tobacco for youths in communities with strong enforcement of youth access laws
    J R DiFranza
    Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Massachusetts Medical School, 55 Lake Avenue, Worcester, MA 01655, USA
    Tob Control 10:323-8. 2001
    ..To determine how youths obtain tobacco in communities with strong enforcement of tobacco sales laws...
  23. ncbi request reprint Implications of the autonomy theory of nicotine dependence
    Joseph R DiFranza
    Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts, USA
    MedGenMed 4:8. 2002
  24. doi request reprint Does progression through the stages of physical addiction indicate increasing overall addiction to tobacco?
    Joseph R DiFranza
    Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Massachusetts Medical School, 55 Lake Avenue North, Worcester, MA 01655, USA
    Psychopharmacology (Berl) 219:815-22. 2012
    ..As physical addiction advances, the desire to smoke changes in quality and intensity from wanting, to craving, to needing. A prior study in adolescents suggested that this progression signifies increasing addiction...
  25. ncbi request reprint Prenatal and postnatal environmental tobacco smoke exposure and children's health
    Joseph R DiFranza
    Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts 01655, USA
    Pediatrics 113:1007-15. 2004
    ....
  26. ncbi request reprint Trait anxiety and nicotine dependence in adolescents: a report from the DANDY study
    Joseph R DiFranza
    Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Massachusetts Medical School, 55 Lake Avenue, Worcester, MA 01655, USA
    Addict Behav 29:911-9. 2004
    ..Trait anxiety and relaxation in response to the first dose of nicotine were unrelated and appear to be independent risk factors for the development of nicotine dependence and a reliance on tobacco to cope with stress...
  27. pmc Is the standard compliance check protocol a valid measure of the accessibility of tobacco to underage smokers?
    J R DiFranza
    Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts 01655, USA
    Tob Control 10:227-32. 2001
    ..To determine if the standard compliance check protocol is a valid measure of the experience of underage smokers when purchasing tobacco in unfamiliar communities...
  28. pmc Measuring statewide merchant compliance with tobacco minimum age laws: the Massachusetts experience
    J R DiFranza
    Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Massachusetts Medical Center, Worcester, MA 01655, USA
    Am J Public Health 91:1124-5. 2001
    ..This study evaluated merchant compliance with laws prohibiting the sale of tobacco to minors in Massachusetts...
  29. ncbi request reprint State and federal compliance with the Synar amendment: federal fiscal year 1997
    J R DiFranza
    Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, 55 Lake Ave, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA 01655
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 154:936-42. 2000
    ..The Synar Amendment requires states and territories to enact a law prohibiting the sale of tobacco to minors and to enforce that law in a manner that could reasonably be expected to decrease the availability of tobacco to minors...
  30. pmc Development of symptoms of tobacco dependence in youths: 30 month follow up data from the DANDY study
    J R DiFranza
    University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts, USA Harvard Medical School, Massachusetts, USA University of London, London, UK
    Tob Control 11:228-35. 2002
    ..To determine if there is a minimum duration, frequency or quantity of tobacco use required to develop symptoms of dependence...
  31. ncbi request reprint Recollections and repercussions of the first inhaled cigarette
    Joseph R DiFranza
    Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Massachusetts Medical School, 55 Lake Avenue, Worcester, MA 01655, USA
    Addict Behav 29:261-72. 2004
    ..It has not been determined if a youth's reaction to the first smoking experience is predictive of future nicotine dependence, or whether the impact of the first cigarette can be altered by manipulating levels of tar, nicotine and menthol...
  32. pmc Perceived accessibility as a predictor of youth smoking
    Chyke A Doubeni
    Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA 01655, USA
    Ann Fam Med 6:323-30. 2008
    ..The objective of this study was to determine whether perceived accessibility predicted future smoking among youths...
  33. ncbi request reprint Screening adolescents for nicotine dependence: the Hooked On Nicotine Checklist
    Katherine Carter Wheeler
    Department of Biology Biotechnology, Worcester Polytechnic Institute, 55 Lake Avenue, Worcester, MA 01655, USA
    J Adolesc Health 35:225-30. 2004
    ....
  34. ncbi request reprint Preventing cancer by controlling youth tobacco use
    Joseph R DiFranza
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, University of Massachusetts Medical Center, 55 Lake Ave, Worcester, MA 01655, USA
    Semin Oncol Nurs 19:261-7. 2003
    ..To review the epidemiology and prevention of teen smoking and the risks of smoking among survivors of childhood cancer...
  35. ncbi request reprint Measuring adults' loss of autonomy over nicotine use: the Hooked on Nicotine Checklist
    Robert J Wellman
    Behavioral Sciences Department, Fitchburg State College, MA, USA
    Nicotine Tob Res 7:157-61. 2005
    ..The HONC appears to be psychometrically sound in both adolescents and adults. It is a reliable and valid measure of lost autonomy for both novice and experienced smokers, and it allows for comparisons between these populations...
  36. ncbi request reprint Smoking prevention and cessation intervention delivery by pediatric providers, as assessed with patient exit interviews
    Lori Pbert
    Division of Preventive and Behavioral Medicine, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts 01655, USA
    Pediatrics 118:e810-24. 2006
    ..The goal was to evaluate the degree to which a smoking prevention and cessation intervention was delivered by providers to adolescents in the pediatric office setting...
  37. pmc Parent's socioeconomic status, adolescents' disposable income, and adolescents' smoking status in Massachusetts
    Elpidoforos S Soteriades
    Department of Health and Social Behavior, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA
    Am J Public Health 93:1155-60. 2003
    ..This study examined the association between parental socioeconomic status (SES) and adolescent smoking...
  38. ncbi request reprint Hooked from the first cigarette
    Joseph R DiFranza
    University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, USA
    Sci Am 298:82-7. 2008
    ..These adaptations lead to withdrawal symptoms when the effects of nicotine wear off. The results highlight the importance of boosting government funding for antismoking campaigns, particularly those aimed at youngsters...
  39. doi request reprint Perceived accessibility of cigarettes among youth: a prospective cohort study
    Chyke A Doubeni
    Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts 01655, USA
    Am J Prev Med 36:239-42. 2009
    ..This study examines the determinants of perceived accessibility from the perspective of a longitudinal study...
  40. doi request reprint Might expectations explain early self-reported symptoms of nicotine dependence?
    W W Sanouri A Ursprung
    Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts 01655, USA
    Addict Behav 34:227-31. 2009
    ..While youth do share expectations about nicotine dependence, it is not the expectation that they will become dependent; it is the expectation that if they smoke they will be able to quit whenever they want...
  41. doi request reprint Imaging brain activation in nicotine-sensitized rats
    Zhixin Li
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Massachusetts Medical School, 55 Lake Avenue North, Worcester, MA 01655, USA
    Brain Res 1199:91-9. 2008
    ....
  42. pmc Early course of nicotine dependence in adolescent smokers
    Chyke A Doubeni
    Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Massachusetts Medical School, 55 Lake Ave North, Worcester, MA 01655, USA
    Pediatrics 125:1127-33. 2010
    ..The goal was to characterize the early course of nicotine dependence...
  43. ncbi request reprint Tobacco chippers report diminished autonomy over smoking
    Robert J Wellman
    University of Massachusetts Medical School, Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, Worcester 01655, United States
    Addict Behav 31:717-21. 2006
    ..Although chippers may not warrant a dependence diagnosis, they may benefit from help with cessation. Autonomy over smoking may be a more useful basis than cigarette consumption rates for classifying smokers...
  44. ncbi request reprint A comparison of the psychometric properties of the hooked on nicotine checklist and the modified Fagerström tolerance questionnaire
    Robert J Wellman
    Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Massachusetts Medical School, 55 Lake Avenue North, Worcester, MA 01655, USA
    Addict Behav 31:486-95. 2006
    ..The most important advantage of the HONC is that it is measuring a clearly defined concept, diminished autonomy over tobacco, which begins when the sequelae of tobacco use present a barrier to quitting...
  45. doi request reprint Effect of a pediatric practice-based smoking prevention and cessation intervention for adolescents: a randomized, controlled trial
    Lori Pbert
    Division of Preventive and Behavioral Medicine, University of Massachusetts Medical School, 55 Lake Ave North, Worcester, MA 01655, USA
    Pediatrics 121:e738-47. 2008
    ..The purpose of this work was to determine whether a pediatric practice-based smoking prevention and cessation intervention increases abstinence rates among adolescents...
  46. ncbi request reprint The effect of abstinence on cigarette consumption upon the resumption of smoking
    Robert J Wellman
    University of Massachusetts Medical School, Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, Worcester 01655, United States
    Addict Behav 31:711-6. 2006
    ..The shapes of the observed trajectories suggest that more than one process may be at work. Prospective studies are needed to confirm these findings...
  47. ncbi request reprint The relationship between level of cigarette consumption and latency to the onset of retrospectively reported withdrawal symptoms
    W W S A Fernando
    Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Massachusetts Medical School, 55 Lake Avenue North, Worcester, MA, 01655, USA
    Psychopharmacology (Berl) 188:335-42. 2006
    ..Subthreshold smokers (who smoke < or =5 cigarettes/day) experience withdrawal symptoms, yet they smoke less than is required to maintain serum nicotine levels...
  48. ncbi request reprint The extent to which tobacco marketing and tobacco use in films contribute to children's use of tobacco: a meta-analysis
    Robert J Wellman
    Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA 01655, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 160:1285-96. 2006
    ..To quantify the effect of exposure on initiation of tobacco use among adolescents...
  49. pmc Symptoms of diminished autonomy over cigarettes with non-daily use
    Judith A Savageau
    Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts 01655, USA
    Int J Environ Res Public Health 6:25-35. 2009
    ..9% of subjects who smoked less often than once per week. Among subjects who had not smoked 20 cigarettes in their lifetime, 12.6% had symptoms of nicotine withdrawal, and 25% had made an unsuccessful quit attempt...
  50. ncbi request reprint The state of office-based interventions for youth tobacco use
    Lori Pbert
    Division of Preventive and Behavioral Medicine, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts 01655, USA
    Pediatrics 111:e650-60. 2003
    ..Pediatricians and other clinicians can and should play an important role in treating tobacco dependence in youths...
  51. ncbi request reprint A gadget can't fix what's wrong with the tobacco distribution system
    Joseph R DiFranza
    University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester 01655, USA
    J Public Health Policy 24:269-73. 2003
  52. ncbi request reprint A comparison of the Hooked on Nicotine Checklist and the Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence in adult smokers
    Robert J Wellman
    Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA 01655, USA
    Nicotine Tob Res 8:575-80. 2006
    ..The HONC is uniquely suited for use with smokers whose cigarette consumption is low...
  53. doi request reprint Children's loss of autonomy over smoking: the Global Youth Tobacco Survey
    Elpidoforos S Soteriades
    Cyprus Institute of Biomedical Sciences CIBS, Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Nicosia, Cyprus
    Tob Control 20:201-6. 2011
    ..Empirical data suggest that children with infrequent tobacco use have difficulty quitting smoking...
  54. ncbi request reprint Adolescents' acquisition of cigarettes through noncommercial sources
    Joseph R DiFranza
    J Adolesc Health 32:331-2; author reply 332. 2003
  55. ncbi request reprint Tobacco control for clinicians who treat adolescents
    James D Sargent
    Dartmouth Medical School, Hanover, NH, USA
    CA Cancer J Clin 53:102-23. 2003
    ....
  56. doi request reprint Time to re-examine old definitions of nicotine dependence
    Joseph R DiFranza
    Nicotine Tob Res 10:1109-11. 2008
  57. ncbi request reprint Early dating and smoking initiation: Some thoughts about a common cause
    Joseph R DiFranza
    Addiction 101:1682-3. 2006
  58. doi request reprint Diminished autonomy over tobacco can appear with the first cigarettes
    Robert Scragg
    Epidemiology and Statistics Section, School of Population Health, University of Auckland, New Zealand
    Addict Behav 33:689-98. 2008
    ..These data suggest that smoking one cigarette in total can prompt a loss of autonomy...
  59. doi request reprint Nicotine withdrawal in subthreshold smokers
    Joseph R DiFranza
    Addiction 103:511-2; author reply 512-3. 2008
  60. ncbi request reprint Symptoms of nicotine dependence and other predictors of student smoking at school: implications for school smoking policy
    Elpidoforos S Soteriades
    Harvard School of Public Health, Dept of Environmental Health, 665 Huntington Ave, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    J Sch Health 73:154-8. 2003
    ..Disciplinary action against students caught violating school smoking policies should be supplemented with an offer of treatment for nicotine dependence...
  61. ncbi request reprint R-rated film viewing and adolescent smoking
    Murray Laugesen
    Health New Zealand
    Prev Med 45:454-9. 2007
    ..As smoking is very common in R-rated films, we sought to determine if viewing R-rated films is associated with adolescent smoking...

Research Grants6

  1. The Transition of Nicotine Dependence
    Joseph DiFranza; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..A new theory-based measure of early dependence for youths will be tested against established measures of dependence. ..