D Demetriades

Summary

Affiliation: University of Southern California
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Image of the month. Cerebral fat embolism
    Demetrios Demetriades
    Department of Surgery, Division of Trauma and Critical Care, Los Angeles County University of Southern California Trauma Center, 90033, USA
    Arch Surg 139:1257-8. 2004
  2. doi request reprint Management of the open abdomen
    Demetrios Demetriades
    Division of Acute Care Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA Electronic address
    Surg Clin North Am 94:131-53. 2014
  3. doi request reprint Total management of the open abdomen
    Demetrios Demetriades
    Department of Surgery, Division of Trauma, Emergency Surgery and Surgical Critical Care, University of Southern California, Keck School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA 90033, USA
    Int Wound J 9:17-24. 2012
  4. doi request reprint Blunt splenic trauma: splenectomy increases early infectious complications: a prospective multicenter study
    Demetrios Demetriades
    LAC USC Medical Center, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, USA
    J Trauma Acute Care Surg 72:229-34. 2012
  5. ncbi request reprint Effect on outcome of early intensive management of geriatric trauma patients
    D Demetriades
    Department of Surgery, University of Southern California, Keck School of Medicine, Los Angeles, California, USA
    Br J Surg 89:1319-22. 2002
  6. ncbi request reprint Outcome and prognostic factors in head injuries with an admission Glasgow Coma Scale score of 3
    Demetrios Demetriades
    Division of Trauma, Surgical Intensive Care Unit, Los Angeles County, and University of Southern California Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA 90033, USA
    Arch Surg 139:1066-8. 2004
  7. ncbi request reprint Role of postoperative computed tomography in patients with severe liver injury
    D Demetriades
    Division of Trauma and Surgical Intensive Care Unit, Department of Surgery, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, USA
    Br J Surg 90:1398-400. 2003
  8. ncbi request reprint Colon injuries: new perspectives
    D Demetriades
    Trauma and Surgical Intensive Care Unit, Keck School of Medicine of the University of Southern California, Health Care Consultation Center, 1510 San Pablo Street, Suite 514, Los Angeles, CA 90033, USA
    Injury 35:217-22. 2004
  9. ncbi request reprint An unusual anatomical aortic arch variation
    D Demetriades
    Division of Trauma and Surgical Critical Care, Keck School of Medicine University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, USA
    J Trauma 58:654. 2005
  10. ncbi request reprint High-level falls: type and severity of injuries and survival outcome according to age
    Demetrios Demetriades
    Division of Trauma and Surgical Intensive Care Unit, Department of Surgery, University of Southern California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90033, USA
    J Trauma 58:342-5. 2005

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications129 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi request reprint Image of the month. Cerebral fat embolism
    Demetrios Demetriades
    Department of Surgery, Division of Trauma and Critical Care, Los Angeles County University of Southern California Trauma Center, 90033, USA
    Arch Surg 139:1257-8. 2004
  2. doi request reprint Management of the open abdomen
    Demetrios Demetriades
    Division of Acute Care Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA Electronic address
    Surg Clin North Am 94:131-53. 2014
    ..The introduction of new techniques and materials for temporary and subsequent definitive abdominal closure has improved outcomes in this group of patients. ..
  3. doi request reprint Total management of the open abdomen
    Demetrios Demetriades
    Department of Surgery, Division of Trauma, Emergency Surgery and Surgical Critical Care, University of Southern California, Keck School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA 90033, USA
    Int Wound J 9:17-24. 2012
    ..San Antonio, TX) has helped improve the management and outcomes of these patients. This review will merge expert physician opinion with scientific evidence regarding the total management of the OA...
  4. doi request reprint Blunt splenic trauma: splenectomy increases early infectious complications: a prospective multicenter study
    Demetrios Demetriades
    LAC USC Medical Center, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, USA
    J Trauma Acute Care Surg 72:229-34. 2012
    ..The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of the method of splenic injury management on early infectious complications...
  5. ncbi request reprint Effect on outcome of early intensive management of geriatric trauma patients
    D Demetriades
    Department of Surgery, University of Southern California, Keck School of Medicine, Los Angeles, California, USA
    Br J Surg 89:1319-22. 2002
    ..The aim of the present study was to assess the effect of the new policy on outcome...
  6. ncbi request reprint Outcome and prognostic factors in head injuries with an admission Glasgow Coma Scale score of 3
    Demetrios Demetriades
    Division of Trauma, Surgical Intensive Care Unit, Los Angeles County, and University of Southern California Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA 90033, USA
    Arch Surg 139:1066-8. 2004
    ..To identify significant risk factors associated with mortality in patients with a Glasgow Coma Scale score of 3...
  7. ncbi request reprint Role of postoperative computed tomography in patients with severe liver injury
    D Demetriades
    Division of Trauma and Surgical Intensive Care Unit, Department of Surgery, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, USA
    Br J Surg 90:1398-400. 2003
    ..The aim of the present study was to investigate the nature and incidence of significant liver-related abnormalities detected by postoperative CT in asymptomatic patients with severe liver injury...
  8. ncbi request reprint Colon injuries: new perspectives
    D Demetriades
    Trauma and Surgical Intensive Care Unit, Keck School of Medicine of the University of Southern California, Health Care Consultation Center, 1510 San Pablo Street, Suite 514, Los Angeles, CA 90033, USA
    Injury 35:217-22. 2004
  9. ncbi request reprint An unusual anatomical aortic arch variation
    D Demetriades
    Division of Trauma and Surgical Critical Care, Keck School of Medicine University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, USA
    J Trauma 58:654. 2005
  10. ncbi request reprint High-level falls: type and severity of injuries and survival outcome according to age
    Demetrios Demetriades
    Division of Trauma and Surgical Intensive Care Unit, Department of Surgery, University of Southern California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90033, USA
    J Trauma 58:342-5. 2005
    ..There is little work published on this subject. Our objective was to evaluate the effect of age on the incidence and severity of specific organ injuries and survival outcome after high-level falls...
  11. ncbi request reprint Technology-driven triage of abdominal trauma: the emerging era of nonoperative management
    D Demetriades
    Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California 90033, USA
    Annu Rev Med 54:1-15. 2003
    ..Improvement of the optical system of minilaparoscopes may allow reliable bedside laparoscopy for suspected diaphragmatic injuries...
  12. pmc The effect of trauma center designation and trauma volume on outcome in specific severe injuries
    Demetrios Demetriades
    Division of Trauma and Surgical Critical Care, Department of Surgery, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California 90033, USA
    Ann Surg 242:512-7; discussion 517-9. 2005
    ..The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of American College of Surgeons (ACS) trauma center designation and trauma volume on outcome in patients with specific severe injuries...
  13. ncbi request reprint Relationship between American College of Surgeons trauma center designation and mortality in patients with severe trauma (injury severity score > 15)
    Demetrios Demetriades
    Department of Surgery, Division of Trauma and Surgical Critical Care, School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90033, USA
    J Am Coll Surg 202:212-5; quiz A45. 2006
    ..There is very little work published on the association of ACS trauma center designation and outcomes in severe trauma...
  14. pmc Selective nonoperative management of penetrating abdominal solid organ injuries
    Demetrios Demetriades
    Division of Trauma and Surgical Intensive Care, Department of Surgery, USC School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA 90033, USA
    Ann Surg 244:620-8. 2006
    ..To assess the feasibility and safety of selective nonoperative management in penetrating abdominal solid organ injuries...
  15. doi request reprint Operative repair or endovascular stent graft in blunt traumatic thoracic aortic injuries: results of an American Association for the Surgery of Trauma Multicenter Study
    Demetrios Demetriades
    J Trauma 64:561-70; discussion 570-1. 2008
    ....
  16. doi request reprint Diagnosis and treatment of blunt thoracic aortic injuries: changing perspectives
    Demetrios Demetriades
    AAST Multi institutional Thoracic Aortic Injury Study Group, Los Angeles, California, USA
    J Trauma 64:1415-8; discussion 1418-9. 2008
    ..The present study compares clinical practices and results between an earlier prospective multicenter study by the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma completed in 1997 (AAST1) and a new similar study completed in 2007 (AAST2)...
  17. doi request reprint Blunt traumatic thoracic aortic injuries: early or delayed repair--results of an American Association for the Surgery of Trauma prospective study
    Demetrios Demetriades
    Multicenter Clinical Trials Committee, American Association for the Surgery of Trauma, USA
    J Trauma 66:967-73. 2009
    ..In recent years, there has been a trend toward delayed repair, even in low-risk patients. This study evaluates the current practices in the surgical community regarding the timing of aortic repair and its effects on outcomes...
  18. ncbi request reprint A technique of surgical closure of complex intestinal fistulae in the open abdomen
    Demetrios Demetriades
    Division of Trauma and Critical Care, Department of Surgery, University of Southern California School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA 90033, USA
    J Trauma 55:999-1001. 2003
  19. ncbi request reprint One hundred five penetrating cardiac injuries: a 2-year prospective evaluation
    J A Asensio
    Department of Surgery, University of Southern California, and the Los Angeles County University of Southern California Medical Center, Los Angeles 90033 4525, USA
    J Trauma 44:1073-82. 1998
    ....
  20. ncbi request reprint Approach to the management of complex hepatic injuries
    J A Asensio
    Department of Surgery, University of Southern California and the Los Angeles County and University of Southern California Medical Center, 90033 4525, USA
    J Trauma 48:66-9. 2000
    ..The objective of this study is to assess the clinical experience with an aggressive approach to the management of these, the most complex of hepatic injuries...
  21. ncbi request reprint Old age as a criterion for trauma team activation
    D Demetriades
    Department of Surgery, Division of Trauma and Critical Care, University of Southern California, Keck School of Medicine, Los Angeles, California, USA
    J Trauma 51:754-6; discussion 756-7. 2001
    ..Age alone is not a criterion for trauma team activation (TTA). In the present study, we evaluated the role of age > or = 70 years as a criterion for TTA...
  22. ncbi request reprint Predicting the need for thoracoscopic evacuation of residual traumatic hemothorax: chest radiograph is insufficient
    G C Velmahos
    Department of Surgery, University of Southern California School of Medicine, Los Angeles, USA
    J Trauma 46:65-70. 1999
    ..Our objective was to evaluate the accuracy of CXR in detecting significant residual hemothorax and compare its clinical value to thoracic computed tomography (CT) when used to select patients for thoracoscopic evacuation...
  23. ncbi request reprint Is there a limit to massive blood transfusion after severe trauma?
    G C Velmahos
    Department of Surgery, University of Southern California Medical School and the Los Angeles County USC Medical Center, 90033, USA
    Arch Surg 133:947-52. 1998
    ..To examine the hypothesis that the futility of short-term care for trauma patients requiring emergency operation can be determined based on the number of units of blood transfused and associated risk factors...
  24. ncbi request reprint Invasive and non-invasive physiological monitoring of blunt trauma patients in the early period after emergency admission
    G C Velmahos
    Department of Surgery, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, USA
    Int Surg 84:354-60. 1999
    ..Such systems provide information similar to that provided by the invasive thermodilution method, and are easier and safer to use...
  25. doi request reprint Impact of plasma transfusion in massively transfused trauma patients
    Pedro G R Teixeira
    Division of Trauma Surgery and Surgical Critical Care, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, USA
    J Trauma 66:693-7. 2009
    ..The objective of this study was to determine the optimal use of fresh-frozen plasma (FFP) in trauma. Our hypothesis was that a higher FFP: packed red blood cells (PRBC) ratio is associated with improved survival...
  26. ncbi request reprint Pelvic fractures: epidemiology and predictors of associated abdominal injuries and outcomes
    Demetrios Demetriades
    Department of Surgery, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, USA
    J Am Coll Surg 195:1-10. 2002
    ..Pelvic fractures are often associated with major intraabdominal injuries or severe bleeding from the fracture site...
  27. ncbi request reprint Routine helical computed tomographic evaluation of the mediastinum in high-risk blunt trauma patients
    D Demetriades
    Department of Surgery, University of Southern California, Los Angeles 90033, USA
    Arch Surg 133:1084-8. 1998
    ..Routine aortography in the absence of any mediastinal abnormality is not widely practiced. Helical computed tomographic (CT) scan has been successfully used in recent studies in the evaluation of the thoracic aorta...
  28. ncbi request reprint Emergency medical services (EMS) vs non-EMS transport of critically injured patients: a prospective evaluation
    E E Cornwell
    Department of Surgery, Trauma Critical Care, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, USA
    Arch Surg 135:315-9. 2000
    ..A previous report of 5,782 trauma patients demonstrated higher mortality among those transported by emergency medical services (EMS) than among their non-EMS-transported counterparts...
  29. ncbi request reprint Relative bradycardia in patients with traumatic hypotension
    D Demetriades
    Department of Surgery, University of Southern California, Los Angeles 90033, USA
    J Trauma 45:534-9. 1998
    ..Relative bradycardia is defined as a systolic pressure < or = 90 mm Hg and a pulse rate < or = 90 beats per minute...
  30. doi request reprint Prognostic significance of lower extremity long bone fractures after automobile versus pedestrian injuries
    Matthew Hannon
    University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, USA
    J Trauma 67:1384-8. 2009
    ..Fractures of the tibia and femur are common after automobile versus pedestrian (AVP) injuries. This study evaluates the effect of age on the type of fracture and the incidence and type of associated injuries...
  31. doi request reprint Methamphetamines in trauma: effect on injury patterns and outcome
    Pantelis Hadjizacharia
    Division of Trauma SICU, Department of Surgery, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, USA
    J Trauma 66:895-8. 2009
    ..The association of methamphetamine exposure and outcomes after trauma is not known...
  32. pmc Selective nonoperative management in 1,856 patients with abdominal gunshot wounds: should routine laparotomy still be the standard of care?
    G C Velmahos
    Department of Surgery, Division of Trauma and Critical Care, University of Southern California Keck School of Medicine, Los Angeles, California, USA
    Ann Surg 234:395-402; discussion 402-3. 2001
    ..To evaluate the safety of a policy of selective nonoperative management (SNOM) in patients with abdominal gunshot wounds...
  33. ncbi request reprint Nonoperative management of splenic injuries: have we gone too far?
    G C Velmahos
    Department of Surgery, University of Southern California and the Los Angeles County University of Southern California Medical Center, 90033, USA
    Arch Surg 135:674-9; discussion 679-81. 2000
    ..Patients with severe blunt injuries to the spleen have a high likelihood of failing nonoperative management of splenic injuries (NOMSI)...
  34. ncbi request reprint Prehospital intubation in patients with severe head injury
    J A Murray
    Department of Surgery, Los Angeles County, University of Southern California Medical Center, Los Angeles County Department of Health Services, 90033, USA
    J Trauma 49:1065-70. 2000
    ..We reviewed the outcome of patients with severe head injury, to determine whether prehospital intubation is associated with an improved outcome...
  35. ncbi request reprint Penetrating trauma in patients older than 55 years: a case-control study
    B J Roth
    Department of Surgery, Division of Trauma and Critical Care, University of Southern California, Keck School of Medicine and the Los Angeles County+USC Medical Center, 1200 N. State St, Room 9900, Los Angeles, CA 90033, USA
    Injury 32:551-4. 2001
    ....
  36. ncbi request reprint Trauma fatalities: time and location of hospital deaths
    Demetrios Demetriades
    Department of Surgery, Division of Trauma and Critical Care, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90033, USA
    J Am Coll Surg 198:20-6. 2004
    ..Analysis of the epidemiology, temporal distribution, and place of traumatic hospital deaths can be a useful tool in identifying areas for research, education, and allocation of resources...
  37. doi request reprint Serial white blood cell counts in trauma: do they predict a hollow viscus injury?
    Beat Schnüriger
    Division of Trauma and Surgical Critical Care, Los Angeles County Medical Center, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, USA
    J Trauma 69:302-7. 2010
    ..The significance of serial white blood cell (WBC) counts in trauma patients with a suspected hollow viscus injury (HVI) is unknown. The purpose of this study was to examine the role of serial WBC counts in the diagnosis of a HVI...
  38. doi request reprint The changing epidemiology of spinal trauma: a 13-year review from a Level I trauma centre
    M Oliver
    Division of Trauma and Surgical Critical Care, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90033 4525, USA
    Injury 43:1296-300. 2012
    ..The purpose of this study was to review a single metropolitan Level I trauma centre's experience to assess the changing characteristics and incidence of traumatic spinal injuries and spinal cord injuries (SCI) over a 13-year period...
  39. ncbi request reprint Penetrating colon injuries requiring resection: diversion or primary anastomosis? An AAST prospective multicenter study
    D Demetriades
    Los Angeles County and University of Southern California Trauma Center, 1200 North State Street, Room 1105, Los Angeles, CA 90033, USA
    J Trauma 50:765-75. 2001
    ....
  40. ncbi request reprint Abdominal computed tomography for the diagnosis of intra-abdominal sepsis in critically injured patients: fishing in murky waters
    G C Velmahos
    Department of Surgery, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, USA
    Arch Surg 134:831-6; discussion 836-8. 1999
    ..Abdominal computed tomographic (ACT) scans are useful in the evaluation of sepsis of unknown origin in patients with major trauma...
  41. ncbi request reprint "Insignificant" mechanism of injury: not to be taken lightly
    G C Velmahos
    Department of Surgery, University of Southern California Keck School of Medicine, and the Los Angeles County+USC Medical Center, USA
    J Am Coll Surg 192:147-52. 2001
    ..Resources should be spent rationally for patients who do not have these characteristics, because the probability of significant injuries among them is low, but not zero...
  42. pmc Endpoints of resuscitation of critically injured patients: normal or supranormal? A prospective randomized trial
    G C Velmahos
    Department of Surgery, Division of Trauma and Critical Care, and the Department of Biostatistics and Outcomes Research, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, USA
    Ann Surg 232:409-18. 2000
    ..To evaluate the effect of early optimization in the survival of severely injured patients...
  43. ncbi request reprint Prophylactic antibiotics after severe trauma: more is not better
    G C Velmahos
    Department of Surgery, University of Southern California and the Los Angeles County USC Medical Center, 90033, USA
    Int Surg 86:176-83. 2001
    ..In conclusion, we found that 24-hour prophylaxis with a single broad-antibiotic is as effective as prophylaxis for longer periods of time with multiple spectrum antibiotics for critically injured patients at high risk for sepsis...
  44. ncbi request reprint Splenectomy for trauma increases the rate of early postoperative infections
    James Wiseman
    Department of Surgery, Division of Trauma and Critical Care, Los Angeles County University of Southern California Medical Center, 90033, USA
    Am Surg 72:947-50. 2006
    ..More specifically, splenectomy patients more often develop pneumonia and multiple infections. This increase in infections is not associated with increased mortality...
  45. doi request reprint Clinical experience using 5% hypertonic saline as a safe alternative fluid for use in trauma
    Joseph J Dubose
    Division of Trauma, University of Southern California Medical Center, Los Angeles County, Los Angeles, California, USA
    J Trauma 68:1172-7. 2010
    ..5% solutions. The purpose of this study was to compare our experience with the administration of commercially available 5% HTS solution with that of well-matched controls who did not receive HTS...
  46. ncbi request reprint Association of scapular fractures and blunt thoracic aortic injury: fact or fiction?
    Carlos V R Brown
    Department of Surgery, Division of Trauma and Critical Care, Los Angeles County University of Southern California Medical Center, Los Angeles, California 90033, USA
    Am Surg 71:54-7. 2005
    ..Patients with SF almost always have significant associated injuries. Although SF indicates a high amount of energy transmitted to the upper thorax, these patients rarely have BTAI. SF should not be used as an indicator of possible BTAI...
  47. ncbi request reprint Patterns of injury and functional outcome after hanging: analysis of the National Trauma Data Bank
    Matthew J Martin
    Division of Trauma and Surgical Critical Care, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    Am J Surg 190:836-40. 2005
    ..Additionally, there are no studies examining the degree of functional disability among survivors of hanging injury...
  48. ncbi request reprint Noninvasive hemodynamic monitoring for combat casualties
    William C Shoemaker
    Department of Surgery, Los Angeles County and University of Southern California Medical Center, CA 90033, USA
    Mil Med 171:813-20. 2006
    ..Combined with an information system, this approach provided an early outcome predictor and evaluated, with an objective individualized method, the relative efficacy of alternative therapies for specific patients...
  49. ncbi request reprint Clinically significant blunt cardiac trauma: role of serum troponin levels combined with electrocardiographic findings
    A Salim
    Department of Surgery, Division of Trauma and Critical Care, Keck School of Medicine, LAC USC Medical Center, 1200 N State Street, Room 9900, Los Angeles, CA 90033, USA
    J Trauma 50:237-43. 2001
    ..We investigated the role of two simple and convenient tests, serum cardiac troponin I (cTnI) and electrocardiogram (ECG), when used to identify patients at risk of cardiac complications after BCT...
  50. ncbi request reprint Initial evaluation and management of gunshot wounds to the face
    D Demetriades
    Department of Surgery, University of Southern California, Los Angeles 90033, USA
    J Trauma 45:39-41. 1998
    ..In the current study, we present a large series from a busy trauma center in an effort to identify early diagnostic and therapeutic problems and recommend management guidelines...
  51. pmc Invasive and noninvasive hemodynamic monitoring of patients with cerebrovascular accidents
    G C Velmahos
    Department of Surgery, Los Angeles County University of Southern California LAC USC Medical Center 90033, USA
    West J Med 169:17-22. 1998
    ..Noninvasive electrical bioimpedance technology offers a new method for early hemodynamic evaluation. Further research in this area is warranted...
  52. ncbi request reprint Management and hospital outcomes of blunt renal artery injuries: analysis of 517 patients from the National Trauma Data Bank
    Burapat Sangthong
    Division of Trauma and Critical Care, Department of Surgery, School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90033, USA
    J Am Coll Surg 203:612-7. 2006
    ....
  53. ncbi request reprint Pedestrians injured by automobiles: risk factors for cervical spine injuries
    Hakan Yanar
    Department of Surgery, Division of Trauma and Surgical Critical Care, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90033, USA
    J Am Coll Surg 205:794-9. 2007
    ..Diagnosis of cervical spine injuries (CSI) in multitrauma patients, especially in the presence of head trauma, can be difficult. Identification of risk factors associated with CSI can help avoid missed or delayed diagnosis...
  54. ncbi request reprint Wound management after colon injury: open or closed? A prospective randomized trial
    George C Velmahos
    Department of Surgery, University of Southern California and the Los Angeles County and University of Southern California Medical Center, 90033, USA
    Am Surg 68:795-801. 2002
    ..Because of the complexity of evaluating the real clinical significance of superficial wound infection larger studies on trauma patients are required...
  55. ncbi request reprint Early continuous noninvasive haemodynamic monitoring after severe blunt trauma
    G C Velmahos
    Department of Surgery, University of Southern California School of Medicine, Los Angeles, USA
    Injury 30:209-14. 1999
    ..This approach is limited because PA catheterization requires critical care conditions; however, noninvasive methods can provide early information anywhere in the hospital...
  56. ncbi request reprint Discordance between lactate and base deficit in the surgical intensive care unit: which one do you trust?
    Matthew J Martin
    Division of Trauma and Surgical Critical Care, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California and the Los Angeles County and University of Southern California Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    Am J Surg 191:625-30. 2006
    ..Both lactate and base deficit (BD) are used as predictors of injury severity and mortality. We examined the significance of these measures when used in combination, and particularly when they provide conflicting data...
  57. ncbi request reprint Serum bicarbonate may replace the arterial base deficit in the trauma intensive care unit
    Elizabeth FitzSullivan
    Division of Trauma and Surgical Critical Care, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California and the Los Angeles County USC Medical Center, 1200 North State Street, Room 10 750, Los Angeles, CA 90033, USA
    Am J Surg 190:941-6. 2005
    ..Serum bicarbonate (HCO3) is routinely obtained as part of the chemistry panel on most admissions. We hypothesized that serum HCO3 strongly correlates with arterial BD and provides equivalent predictive information...
  58. ncbi request reprint Mathematical program for outcome prediction and therapeutic support for trauma beginning within 1 hr of admission: a preliminary report
    William C Shoemaker
    Laboratory of Applied Pharmacokinetics, LAC USC Medical Center, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles CA, USA
    Crit Care Med 33:1499-506. 2005
    ....
  59. ncbi request reprint Effects of age and obesity on hemodynamics, tissue oxygenation, and outcome after trauma
    Howard Belzberg
    Department of Surgery, Los Angeles County University of Southern California Medical Center, School of Medicine 90033, USA
    J Trauma 62:1192-200. 2007
    ....
  60. ncbi request reprint Continuous noninvasive monitoring of cardiac performance and tissue perfusion in pediatric trauma patients
    Matthew Martin
    Division of Trauma and Surgical Critical Care, Los Angeles County Hospital USC Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA 90033, USA
    J Pediatr Surg 40:1957-63. 2005
    ..The aim of this study was to assess the accuracy of a continuous survival probability prediction using noninvasive measures of cardiac performance and tissue perfusion in severely injured pediatric patients...
  61. ncbi request reprint Blunt gastric injuries
    Didem Oncel
    Department of Surgery, Division of Trauma and Critical Care, Los Angeles County University of Southern California Medical Center, Los Angeles, California 90033, USA
    Am Surg 73:880-3. 2007
    ..The results of this study suggest that mortality in patients with blunt hollow viscus injuries can be attributed to concurrent head and chest injuries, but not the specific hollow viscus organ that is injured...
  62. ncbi request reprint Hemodynamic patterns of blunt and penetrating injuries
    Kevin Jun Qiang Lu
    Department of Surgery, LAC USC Medical Center, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90033, USA
    J Am Coll Surg 203:899-907. 2006
    ..The hypothesis was that traumatic shock is a circulatory disorder that can be monitored by noninvasive hemodynamic parameters that reflect cardiac, pulmonary, and tissue perfusion functions...
  63. doi request reprint Improved trauma system multicasualty incident response: comparison of two train crash disasters
    H Gill Cryer
    Department of Surgery, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, California 90095 1711, USA
    J Trauma 68:783-9. 2010
    ..To determine whether our trauma system MCI response improved, we analyzed the distribution of patients from the scene to TCs and CHs in the two MCIs...
  64. doi request reprint The impact of Acinetobacter baumannii infections on outcome in trauma patients: a matched cohort study
    Barbara M Eberle
    Division of Trauma Surgery and Critical Care at Los Angeles County and University of Southern California Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    Crit Care Med 38:2133-8. 2010
    ..To determine the impact of Acinetobacter baumannii infection on the outcome of trauma patients...
  65. ncbi request reprint Hemodynamic and oxygen transport patterns after head trauma and brain death: implications for management of the organ donor
    Howard Belzberg
    Department of Surgery, Los Angeles County University of Southern California Medical Center, CA 90033, USA
    J Trauma 63:1032-42. 2007
    ....
  66. ncbi request reprint Cervical pharyngoesophageal and laryngotracheal injuries
    D Demetriades
    Department of Surgery, Division of Trauma and Critical Care, University of Southern California, 1510 San Pablo Street, Los Angeles, California 90033, USA
    World J Surg 25:1044-8. 2001
    ..Although selected small pharyngeal and laryngotracheal injuries may be managed nonoperatively, all other aerodigestive tract injuries should be managed with early operation...
  67. ncbi request reprint Angiographic embolization for intraperitoneal and retroperitoneal injuries
    G C Velmahos
    Department of Surgery, University of Southern California and the Los Angeles County USC Medical Center, 90033, USA
    World J Surg 24:539-45. 2000
    ..Early AE may be used in selected patients as a front-line therapeutic intervention that offers expeditious hemostasis and prevents delays in definitive bleeding control...
  68. ncbi request reprint Aerodigestive injuries of the neck
    P Vassiliu
    Department of Surgery, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, USA
    Am Surg 67:75-9. 2001
    ..Loss of airway after rapid sequence induction is a potentially lethal complication and the trauma team should be ready for a surgical airway. Repair of laryngotracheal injuries without a protective tracheostomy is safe in selected cases...
  69. ncbi request reprint Lung-sparing surgery after penetrating trauma using tractotomy, partial lobectomy, and pneumonorrhaphy
    G C Velmahos
    Department of Surgery, University of Southern California and the Los Angeles County and University of Southern California Medical Center, 90033, USA
    Arch Surg 134:186-9. 1999
    ..To evaluate the role of lung-sparing surgical techniques in the surgical management of penetrating pulmonary injuries...
  70. ncbi request reprint Reliable variables in the exsanguinated patient which indicate damage control and predict outcome
    J A Asensio
    Trauma Surgery Service A, Department of Surgery, Division of Trauma and Critical Care, University of Southern California, LAC USC Medical Center, 1200 N State St, Rm 10 750, Los Angeles, CA 90033 4525, USA
    Am J Surg 182:743-51. 2001
    ....
  71. ncbi request reprint Hemodynamic patterns of survivors and nonsurvivors during high risk elective surgical operations
    W C Shoemaker
    Department of Surgery, University of Southern California School of Medicine, 1200 N State Street, Room 9900, Los Angeles, California 90033, USA
    World J Surg 23:1264-70; discussion 1270-1. 1999
    ..This suggests that lethal circulatory dysfunctions may begin during the intraoperative period but become more apparent before and after organs fail during later postoperative stages...
  72. ncbi request reprint Nonskeletal cervical spine injuries: epidemiology and diagnostic pitfalls
    D Demetriades
    Department of Surgery, University of Southern California School of Medicine, Los Angeles 90033, USA
    J Trauma 48:724-7. 2000
    ..The objective of this study was to study the incidence and type of cervical spine trauma according to mechanism of injury; identify problems and pitfalls in the diagnosis of nonskeletal cervical spine injuries...
  73. ncbi request reprint Outcome prediction by a mathematical model based on noninvasive hemodynamic monitoring
    William C Shoemaker
    Laboratory of Applied Pharmcokinetics, Department of Surgery, LAC USC Medical Center, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, 1200 N State Street, Los Angeles, CA 90033, USA
    J Trauma 60:82-90. 2006
    ..The aims are to apply a mathematical search and display model based on noninvasive hemodynamic monitoring, to predict outcome early in a consecutively monitored series of 661 severely injured patients...
  74. ncbi request reprint Evaluation of invasive and noninvasive hemodynamic monitoring in trauma patients
    William C Shoemaker
    Department of Surgery, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California 90033, USA
    J Trauma 61:844-53; discussion 853-4. 2006
    ..The aim of this study was to compare a recently developed and improved noninvasive hemodynamic monitoring system with the conventional invasive monitoring by pulmonary artery catheterization (PAC) in acute emergency trauma patients...
  75. doi request reprint Helicopter evacuation of trauma victims in Los Angeles: does it improve survival?
    Peep Talving
    LAC USC Medical Center, Division of Trauma Surgery and Surgical Critical Care, University of Southern California, 1200 North State Street, IPT, Room C4E100, Los Angeles, CA 90033, USA
    World J Surg 33:2469-76. 2009
    ..The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between the method of transport after injury and survival among trauma patients admitted to a Level 1 trauma facility in Los Angeles, California...
  76. ncbi request reprint Intubation after cervical spinal cord injury: to be done selectively or routinely?
    George C Velmahos
    Department of Surgery, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California 90033, USA
    Am Surg 69:891-4. 2003
    ..The majority of patients with CSCI require intubation. In patients with CSCI above C5 and complete quadriplegia, intubation should be offered routinely and early because delays may cause preventable morbidity...
  77. ncbi request reprint Diagnosis of acid-base derangements and mortality prediction in the trauma intensive care unit: the physiochemical approach
    Matthew Martin
    Division of Trauma and Critical Care, Department of Surgery, Los Angeles County Hospital University of Southern California Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA 90017, USA
    J Trauma 58:238-43. 2005
    ..Physiochemical analysis is an alternative approach based on the principles of electroneutrality and conservation of mass, and may be more accurate for defining the presence and type of acidosis and unmeasured anions...
  78. doi request reprint QuikClot use in trauma for hemorrhage control: case series of 103 documented uses
    Peter Rhee
    Department of Surgery, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona, USA
    J Trauma 64:1093-9. 2008
    ..The objective of this report is to describe the initial clinical experience with QuikClot, a zeolite that works by absorbing water and concentrating coagulation factors to stop bleeding in a series of patients...
  79. ncbi request reprint The epidemiology of dog attacks in an urban environment and the risk of vascular injury
    Rodd Benfield
    LAC USC Medical Center, Department of Surgery, Division of Trauma and Critical Care, 1200 North State Street, Room 6341, Los Angeles, CA 90033, USA
    Am Surg 76:203-5. 2010
    ..The presence of VI is unpredictable, lacking reliable associated patient and admission factors. A high index of suspicion is required in the evaluation of patients involved in dog attacks...
  80. ncbi request reprint Epidemiology of sternal fractures
    Gustavo Recinos
    Division of Trauma and Surgical Critical Care, Los Angeles County, University of Southern California Medical Center, Los Angeles, California, USA
    Am Surg 75:401-4. 2009
    ..After appropriate exclusion of associated injuries, the majority of patients diagnosed with a sternal fracture following blunt trauma can be safely discharged to home...
  81. ncbi request reprint Pedestrians injured by automobiles: relationship of age to injury type and severity
    Demetrios Demetriades
    Division of Trauma and SICU, Los Angeles County University of Southern California Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    J Am Coll Surg 199:382-7. 2004
    ..There is little research on the effect of age on the nature and severity of injuries to pedestrians struck by automobiles...
  82. ncbi request reprint Enterocutaneous fistula complicating trauma laparotomy: a major resource burden
    Pedro G R Teixeira
    Division of Trauma Surgery and Surgical Critical Care, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California 90033, USA
    Am Surg 75:30-2. 2009
    ..Further investigation into the prevention and treatment of this costly complication is warranted...
  83. ncbi request reprint Preventable or potentially preventable mortality at a mature trauma center
    Pedro G R Teixeira
    Division of Trauma Surgery and Surgical Critical Care, Department of Surgery, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, USA
    J Trauma 63:1338-46; discussion 1346-7. 2007
    ..The objective of this study was to analyze the preventable and potentially preventable deaths occurring at a mature Level I trauma center...
  84. doi request reprint Isolated severe traumatic brain injuries: association of blood alcohol levels with the severity of injuries and outcomes
    Peep Talving
    Division of Acute Care Surgery Trauma, Emergency Surgery, and Surgical Critical Care, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, USA
    J Trauma 68:357-62. 2010
    ..The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between blood alcohol levels (BAL) and outcomes in patients with isolated severe traumatic brain injuries (sTBI)...
  85. doi request reprint Motor vehicle crashes: the association of alcohol consumption with the type and severity of injuries and outcomes
    David Plurad
    University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, USA
    J Emerg Med 38:12-7. 2010
    ..16-0.94, p = 0.05). Severely injured MVC victims with a high BAL have a higher incidence of severe head trauma and septic complications than no ETOH patients. However, the high ETOH group had superior adjusted survival rates...
  86. ncbi request reprint TRISS methodology: an inappropriate tool for comparing outcomes between trauma centers
    D Demetriades
    Division of Trauma and Critical Care, University of Southern California, Healthcare Consultation Center, Los Angeles 90033, USA
    J Am Coll Surg 193:250-4. 2001
    ..CONCLUSIONS: The TRISS methodology is not a reliable tool for comparing outcomes between trauma centers and has an unacceptably high misclassification rate in patients with severe trauma...
  87. doi request reprint Blunt cardiac trauma: lessons learned from the medical examiner
    Pedro G R Teixeira
    Division of Trauma Surgery and Surgical Critical Care, University of Southern California, USC and LAC Medical Center, 1200 North State Street, Room 10 750, Los Angeles, CA 90033, USA
    J Trauma 67:1259-64. 2009
    ..The objective of this study was to analyze autopsy findings after blunt traumatic deaths to identify the incidence of cardiac injuries and describe the patterns of associated injuries...
  88. doi request reprint Coagulopathy in severe traumatic brain injury: a prospective study
    Peep Talving
    Department of Surgery, Division of Trauma and Critical Care at the Los Angeles County, University of Southern California Medical Center, Los Angeles, California 90033, USA
    J Trauma 66:55-61; discussion 61-2. 2009
    ..The incidence and risk factors for traumatic brain injury (TBI)-associated coagulopathy after severe TBI (sTBI) and the effect of this complication on outcomes have not been evaluated in any large prospective studies...
  89. doi request reprint Complications following renal trauma
    Margaret Starnes
    Department of Surgery, Los Angeles County University of Southern California Medical Center, CA 90033, USA
    Arch Surg 145:377-81; discussion 381-2. 2010
    ..To evaluate and compare the incidence and type of kidney-related complications among different modes of management for kidney injuries...
  90. doi request reprint Analysis of 178 penetrating stomach and small bowel injuries
    Ali Salim
    Department of Surgery, Division of Trauma and Critical Care, Cedars Sinai Medical Center, 8700 Beverly Boulevard, Suite 8215 North, Los Angeles, CA 90048, USA
    World J Surg 32:471-5. 2008
    ..Risk factors for SSI include associated duodenal or colon injury. Delay to operating room, blood loss, and type and length of antibiotic prophylaxis were not associated with an increased risk of SSI...
  91. doi request reprint The impact of platelets on the progression of traumatic intracranial hemorrhage
    Beat Schnüriger
    Division of Trauma and Surgical Critical Care, Los Angeles County Medical Center, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, USA
    J Trauma 68:881-5. 2010
    ..The purpose of this study was to analyze the association of the initial platelet count with mortality and progression of intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) in blunt traumatic brain injured (TBI) patients...
  92. doi request reprint Cocaine use in trauma: effect on injuries and outcomes
    Pantelis Hadjizacharia
    Division of Trauma and Surgical Intensive Care, Department of Surgery, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, USA
    J Trauma 66:491-4. 2009
    ..It has been reported that cocaine is associated with trauma patients at epidemic proportions. However, the injury patterns, complications, and mortality in cocaine test-positive trauma patients are not well known...
  93. ncbi request reprint Brain lobectomy for severe head injuries is not a hopeless procedure
    Didem Oncel
    Division of Trauma and Surgical Critical Care, Los Angeles County and University of Southern California Medical Center, Los Angeles, California 90033, USA
    J Trauma 63:1010-3. 2007
    ..Aggressive procedures, such as brain lobectomies, may benefit some of these patients. The published experience with brain lobectomies is very limited...
  94. ncbi request reprint Angiographic embolization for pelvic fractures in older patients
    Brian J Kimbrell
    Division of Trauma and Surgical Critical Care, University of Southern California and the Los Angeles County and University of Southern California Medical Center, Los Angeles, Calif 90033, USA
    Arch Surg 139:728-32; discussion 732-3. 2004
    ..Old age predicts reliably the presence of pelvic bleeding, requiring angiographic embolization (AE) among blunt trauma patients with major pelvic fractures...
  95. ncbi request reprint The impact of obesity on the outcomes of 1,153 critically injured blunt trauma patients
    Carlos V R Brown
    Department of Surgery, Division of Trauma and Critical Care, University of Southern California and the Los Angeles County Medical Center, Los Angeles, California 90033, USA
    J Trauma 59:1048-51; discussion 1051. 2005
    ..The purpose of the present study was to evaluate a large cohort of critically injured patients to better understand the influence of obesity on the outcomes of patients after severe blunt trauma...
  96. ncbi request reprint Troponin increases in the critically injured patient: mechanical trauma or physiologic stress?
    Matthew Martin
    Division of Trauma, Los Angeles County Hospital University of Southern California Medical Center, Los Angeles, California 90033, USA
    J Trauma 59:1086-91. 2005
    ..We sought to examine the etiologic factors and prognostic significance of increased Tn levels in a widely screened trauma population...
  97. ncbi request reprint Functional outcome after blunt and penetrating carotid artery injuries: analysis of the National Trauma Data Bank
    Matthew J Martin
    Division of Trauma, Los Angeles County Hospital USC Medical Center, CA 90033, USA
    J Trauma 59:860-4. 2005
    ..We analyzed the functional outcome at discharge among a cohort of patients suffering traumatic carotid arterial injury (CAI) and compared them with matched controls...
  98. ncbi request reprint All patients with truncal gunshot wounds deserve trauma team activation
    Jack Sava
    Division of Trauma and Critical Care, Department of Surgery, University of Southern California Keck School of Medicine and the Los Angeles County University of Southern California Medical Center, Los Angeles, California 90033, USA
    J Trauma 52:276-9. 2002
    ..To validate this suggestion, we reviewed records of patients with GSWT to see if patients not meeting standard TTA criteria had serious injuries that would benefit from TTA...
  99. ncbi request reprint Does pelvic hematoma on admission computed tomography predict active bleeding at angiography for pelvic fracture?
    Carlos V R Brown
    Department of Surgery, Division of Trauma and Critical Care, Los Angeles County University of Southern California Medical Center, 1200 N State Street, Room no 6341, Los Angeles, CA 90033, USA
    Am Surg 71:759-62. 2005
    ..The absence of a pelvic hematoma or contrast blush should not alter indications for pelvic angiography, as they do not reliably exclude active pelvic bleeding...
  100. doi request reprint Evaluation of immediate endoscopic realignment as a treatment modality for traumatic urethral injuries
    Pantelis Hadjizacharia
    Department of Surgery, Division of Trauma and Surgical Critical Care, Los Angeles County and University of Southern California Medical Center, Los Angeles, California, USA
    J Trauma 64:1443-9; discussion 1449-50. 2008
    ..The purpose of this study was to investigate the outcomes of patients undergoing immediate endoscopic realignment (IER) compared with delayed treatment (DT)...
  101. ncbi request reprint A mathematical program to predict survival and to support initial therapeutic decisions for trauma patients with long-bone and pelvic fractures
    Kevin Lu
    Department of Surgery, LAC USC Medical Center, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, 1200 N State Street, Los Angeles, CA 90033, USA
    Injury 38:318-28. 2007
    ..To test a mathematical program to monitor early haemodynamic patterns of patients with fractures, predict survival and support initial therapeutic decisions...