Dean C Delis

Summary

Affiliation: University of California
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Cogniform Disorder and Cogniform Condition: proposed diagnoses for excessive cognitive symptoms
    Dean C Delis
    Veterans Affairs San Diego Healthcare System, School of Medicine, University of California San Diego, 3350 La Jolla Village Drive, CA 92161, USA
    Arch Clin Neuropsychol 22:589-604. 2007
  2. pmc Comparison of the traditional recall-based versus a new list-based method for computing semantic clustering on the California Verbal Learning Test: evidence from Alzheimer's disease
    Dean C Delis
    Psychology Service, Veterans Affairs San Diego Healthcare System, San Diego, CA 92161, USA
    Clin Neuropsychol 24:70-9. 2010
  3. ncbi request reprint Recall discriminability: utility of a new CVLT-II measure in the differential diagnosis of dementia
    Dean C Delis
    Psychology Service, Veterans Affairs San Diego Healthcare System, San Diego, California 92161, USA
    J Int Neuropsychol Soc 11:708-15. 2005
  4. ncbi request reprint The myth of testing construct validity using factor analysis or correlations with normal or mixed clinical populations: lessons from memory assessment
    Dean C Delis
    Psychology Service, Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, San Diego, California 92161, USA
    J Int Neuropsychol Soc 9:936-46. 2003
  5. pmc The emergence of cognitive discrepancies in preclinical Alzheimer's disease: a six-year case study
    Mark W Jacobson
    Veterans Affairs San Diego Healthcare System, Department 151B, 3350 La Jolla Village Dr, San Diego, CA 92151, USA
    Neurocase 15:278-93. 2009
  6. ncbi request reprint Heterogeneity in verbal memory: a marker of preclinical Alzheimer's disease?
    Spencer R Wetter
    Veterans Affairs San Diego Healthcare System, California, USA
    Neuropsychol Dev Cogn B Aging Neuropsychol Cogn 13:503-15. 2006
  7. pmc Cognitive discrepancies versus APOE genotype as predictors of cognitive decline in normal-functioning elderly individuals: a longitudinal study
    Eric M Fine
    Veterans Affairs San Diego Healthcare System, San Diego, CA 92161, USA
    Am J Geriatr Psychiatry 16:366-74. 2008
  8. ncbi request reprint Deficits in inhibition and flexibility are associated with the APOE-E4 allele in nondemented older adults
    Spencer R Wetter
    Veterans Affairs San Diego Healthcare System, San Diego, CA 92161, USA
    J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 27:943-52. 2005
  9. pmc Yes/no versus forced-choice recognition memory in mild cognitive impairment and Alzheimer's disease: patterns of impairment and associations with dementia severity
    Lindsay R Clark
    San Diego State University University of California San Diego Joint Doctoral Program in Clinical Psychology, San Diego, CA, USA
    Clin Neuropsychol 26:1201-16. 2012
  10. pmc Quantification of five neuropsychological approaches to defining mild cognitive impairment
    Amy J Jak
    VA San Diego Healthcare System, San Diego, CA 92161, USA
    Am J Geriatr Psychiatry 17:368-75. 2009

Detail Information

Publications58

  1. ncbi request reprint Cogniform Disorder and Cogniform Condition: proposed diagnoses for excessive cognitive symptoms
    Dean C Delis
    Veterans Affairs San Diego Healthcare System, School of Medicine, University of California San Diego, 3350 La Jolla Village Drive, CA 92161, USA
    Arch Clin Neuropsychol 22:589-604. 2007
    ..Guidelines for improving the evidence-based diagnosis of these cases, particularly with regards to criteria related to intentionality, secondary gain, and sick role factors, are also discussed...
  2. pmc Comparison of the traditional recall-based versus a new list-based method for computing semantic clustering on the California Verbal Learning Test: evidence from Alzheimer's disease
    Dean C Delis
    Psychology Service, Veterans Affairs San Diego Healthcare System, San Diego, CA 92161, USA
    Clin Neuropsychol 24:70-9. 2010
    ..Logistic regression and score distribution analyses indicated that the new list-based method enhances the detection of differences in semantic-clustering ability between the groups...
  3. ncbi request reprint Recall discriminability: utility of a new CVLT-II measure in the differential diagnosis of dementia
    Dean C Delis
    Psychology Service, Veterans Affairs San Diego Healthcare System, San Diego, California 92161, USA
    J Int Neuropsychol Soc 11:708-15. 2005
    ..Implications of these results for clinical practice and theories of memory disorder in dementia are discussed...
  4. ncbi request reprint The myth of testing construct validity using factor analysis or correlations with normal or mixed clinical populations: lessons from memory assessment
    Dean C Delis
    Psychology Service, Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, San Diego, California 92161, USA
    J Int Neuropsychol Soc 9:936-46. 2003
    ..Implications of these findings for research and clinical practice are discussed...
  5. pmc The emergence of cognitive discrepancies in preclinical Alzheimer's disease: a six-year case study
    Mark W Jacobson
    Veterans Affairs San Diego Healthcare System, Department 151B, 3350 La Jolla Village Dr, San Diego, CA 92151, USA
    Neurocase 15:278-93. 2009
    ..The present case provides intriguing evidence that cognitive-discrepancy measures could improve our ability to detect subtle changes in cognition at the earliest, preclinical stages of AD...
  6. ncbi request reprint Heterogeneity in verbal memory: a marker of preclinical Alzheimer's disease?
    Spencer R Wetter
    Veterans Affairs San Diego Healthcare System, California, USA
    Neuropsychol Dev Cogn B Aging Neuropsychol Cogn 13:503-15. 2006
    ..Implications of these findings for the detection of a preclinical phase of AD are discussed...
  7. pmc Cognitive discrepancies versus APOE genotype as predictors of cognitive decline in normal-functioning elderly individuals: a longitudinal study
    Eric M Fine
    Veterans Affairs San Diego Healthcare System, San Diego, CA 92161, USA
    Am J Geriatr Psychiatry 16:366-74. 2008
    ....
  8. ncbi request reprint Deficits in inhibition and flexibility are associated with the APOE-E4 allele in nondemented older adults
    Spencer R Wetter
    Veterans Affairs San Diego Healthcare System, San Diego, CA 92161, USA
    J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 27:943-52. 2005
    ..The association between these subtle executive-function deficits and the overall cognitive functioning of at-risk individuals provides further evidence of their utility as a possible preclinical marker of AD...
  9. pmc Yes/no versus forced-choice recognition memory in mild cognitive impairment and Alzheimer's disease: patterns of impairment and associations with dementia severity
    Lindsay R Clark
    San Diego State University University of California San Diego Joint Doctoral Program in Clinical Psychology, San Diego, CA, USA
    Clin Neuropsychol 26:1201-16. 2012
    ..Implications for assessment of insufficient effort and malingering are also discussed...
  10. pmc Quantification of five neuropsychological approaches to defining mild cognitive impairment
    Amy J Jak
    VA San Diego Healthcare System, San Diego, CA 92161, USA
    Am J Geriatr Psychiatry 17:368-75. 2009
    ....
  11. pmc Asymmetry in auditory and spatial attention span in normal elderly genetically at risk for Alzheimer's disease
    Mark W Jacobson
    Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, San Diego, CA 92161, USA
    J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 27:240-53. 2005
    ....
  12. pmc APOE genotype is associated with left-handedness and visuospatial skills in children
    Cinnamon S Bloss
    SDSU UCSD Joint Doctoral Program in Clinical Psychology, 6363 Alvarado Court, Suite 103, San Diego, CA 92120 4913, USA
    Neurobiol Aging 31:787-95. 2010
    ..Results may be consistent with the theory of antagonistic pleiotropy, which suggests that APOE may have different protective effects at different developmental stages...
  13. pmc Identifying the "source" of recognition memory deficits in patients with Huntington's disease or Alzheimer's disease: evidence from the CVLT-II
    Eric M Fine
    Psychology Service 116B Delis Lab, Veterans Affairs San Diego Healthcare System, 3350 La Jolla Village Drive, San Diego, CA 92161, USA
    J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 30:463-70. 2008
    ..Implications of these findings on the differentiation of the memory disorders associated with HD and AD are discussed...
  14. pmc Specific measures of executive function predict cognitive decline in older adults
    Lindsay R Clark
    San Diego State University University of California San Diego Joint Doctoral Program in Clinical Psychology, 3350 La Jolla Village Drive, San Diego, CA 92161, USA
    J Int Neuropsychol Soc 18:118-27. 2012
    ....
  15. ncbi request reprint Asymmetries in global-local processing ability in elderly people with the apolipoprotein e-epsilon4 allele
    Mark W Jacobson
    Veterans Affairs San Diego Healthcare System, Research Service, and University of California, San Diego School of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry, CA 92161, USA
    Neuropsychology 19:822-9. 2005
    ..These findings build on previous studies identifying subgroups of elderly people at greater risk for AD who often demonstrate increased cognitive asymmetries relative to groups without significant risk factors...
  16. pmc Complex activities of daily living vary by mild cognitive impairment subtype
    Katherine J Bangen
    Joint Doctoral Program in Clinical Psychology, San Diego State University University of California San Diego, San Diego, California, USA
    J Int Neuropsychol Soc 16:630-9. 2010
    ..Results further suggest performance-based IADL assessment may have utility in distinguishing MCI subtypes...
  17. ncbi request reprint A comparison of episodic memory deficits in neuropathologically-confirmed Dementia with Lewy bodies and Alzheimer's disease
    Joanne M Hamilton
    Department of Neurosciences, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093 0948, USA
    J Int Neuropsychol Soc 10:689-97. 2004
    ..These results indicate that while both DLB and AD patients exhibit significant memory impairment, the ability to consolidate information may be less severely impaired in DLB patients than in AD patients...
  18. pmc Are self-reported symptoms of executive dysfunction associated with objective executive function performance following mild to moderate traumatic brain injury?
    Dawn M Schiehser
    Psychology and Research Services, VA San Diego Healthcare System, San Diego, CA 92161, USA
    J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 33:704-14. 2011
    ....
  19. pmc Neuropsychological deficits associated with Alzheimer's disease in the very-old: discrepancies in raw vs. standardized scores
    Mark W Bondi
    VA San Diego Healthcare System, San Diego, California 92161, USA
    J Int Neuropsychol Soc 9:783-95. 2003
    ..These data suggest that the profile of neuropsychological deficits associated with AD in the Very-Old lacks the disproportionate saliency of episodic memory and executive function deficits typical of the Young-Old...
  20. doi request reprint Reduced verbal fluency for proper names in nondemented patients with Parkinson's disease: a quantitative and qualitative analysis
    Eric M Fine
    Veterans Affairs San Diego Healthcare System, San Diego, CA, USA
    J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 33:226-33. 2011
    ..This finding may reflect the absence of well-defined semantic organization that structures the verbal search for first names, thus placing a greater onus on strategic or "executive" verbal retrieval processes...
  21. ncbi request reprint Is impairment in set-shifting specific to frontal-lobe dysfunction? Evidence from patients with frontal-lobe or temporal-lobe epilepsy
    Carrie R McDonald
    Psychology Service 116B Delis Lab, Veterans Administration San Diego Healthcare System, 3350 La Jolla Village Drive, La Jolla, CA 92611, USA
    J Int Neuropsychol Soc 11:477-81. 2005
    ..These results suggest that patients with FLE can be reliably distinguished from those with TLE and control subjects on set-shifting as measured by the DKEFS TMT...
  22. ncbi request reprint Discriminating patients with frontal-lobe epilepsy and temporal-lobe epilepsy: utility of a multilevel design fluency test
    Carrie R McDonald
    Veterans Administration San Diego Healthcare System, La Jolla, CA 92611, and Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Diego, CA, USA
    Neuropsychology 19:806-13. 2005
    ....
  23. pmc Dimensions of executive functioning in schizophrenia and their relationship with processing speed
    Gauri N Savla
    Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive, MC 0603V, La Jolla, CA 92093 0603, USA
    Schizophr Bull 38:760-8. 2012
    ..The current study aimed to determine whether executive functions represent unitary vs diverse constructs in schizophrenia...
  24. pmc Posterior cingulum white matter disruption and its associations with verbal memory and stroke risk in mild cognitive impairment
    Lisa Delano-Wood
    VA San Diego Healthcare System, San Diego, CA 92161, USA
    J Alzheimers Dis 29:589-603. 2012
    ..Findings implicate involvement of posterior microstructural white matter degeneration in the development of MCI-related cognitive changes and suggest that reduced FA of the PC may be a candidate neuroimaging marker of AD risk...
  25. ncbi request reprint Do neuropsychological tests detect preclinical Alzheimer's disease: individual-test versus cognitive-discrepancy score analyses
    Mark W Jacobson
    Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, San Diego, California 92161, USA
    Neuropsychology 16:132-9. 2002
    ..The PCAD group also had a higher frequency of asymmetric cognitive profiles relative to a normative group...
  26. ncbi request reprint Verbal learning and memory after childhood stroke
    Amy E Lansing
    University of California, San Diego, USA
    J Int Neuropsychol Soc 10:742-52. 2004
    ..In stark contrast with adult-onset stroke, both left- and right-hemisphere lesions during childhood resulted in similar VLM performance...
  27. ncbi request reprint Early patterns of verbal memory impairment in children treated for medulloblastoma
    Bonnie J Nagel
    Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Diego, CA 92161, USA
    Neuropsychology 20:105-12. 2006
    ..Implications of these findings for understanding neurobehavioral sequelae within pediatric medulloblastoma populations and for designing educational and remediation strategies to be used with these children are discussed...
  28. pmc Evidence for subtle verbal fluency deficits in occasional stimulant users: quick to play loose with verbal rules
    Martina Reske
    Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Diego, CA 92037 0985, USA
    J Psychiatr Res 45:361-8. 2011
    ..This specific executive dysfunction may help to identify individuals at risk for stimulant use or dependence...
  29. ncbi request reprint Cognitive and neuropathologic correlates of Stroop Color-Word Test performance in Alzheimer's disease
    Mark W Bondi
    Psychology Service, Veterans Affairs San Diego Healthcare System and Department of Psychiatry, University of California 92161, USA
    Neuropsychology 16:335-43. 2002
    ..Results of clinicopathologic correlations in an autopsy-confirmed AD subgroup further suggest the invocation of a broad network of integrated cortical regions and executive and language processes underlying successful SCWT performance...
  30. pmc Decreased cognition in children with risk factors for Alzheimer's disease
    Cinnamon S Bloss
    San Diego State University and University of California, San Diego, Joint Doctoral Program in Clinical Psychology, San Diego, CA, USA
    Biol Psychiatry 64:904-6. 2008
    ....
  31. pmc Left frontal lobe contributions to concept formation: a quantitative MRI study of performance on the Delis-Kaplan Executive Function System Sorting Test
    Eric M Fine
    Psychology Service, Veterans Affairs San Diego Healthcare System, San Diego, CA 92161, USA
    J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 31:624-31. 2009
    ....
  32. ncbi request reprint New semantic and serial clustering indices for the California Verbal Learning Test-Second Edition: background, rationale, and formulae
    John L Stricker
    Psychology Service, Veterans Administration San Diego Healthcare System, CA 92161, USA
    J Int Neuropsychol Soc 8:425-35. 2002
    ..These indices are used on the recently published CVLT-II...
  33. pmc Construct validity of the item-specific deficit approach to the California verbal learning test (2nd Ed) in HIV infection
    Jordan E Cattie
    Joint Doctoral Program in Clinical Psychology, San Diego State University and University of California, San Diego, CA 92103, USA
    Clin Neuropsychol 26:288-304. 2012
    ....
  34. pmc Evaluation of specific executive functioning skills and the processes underlying executive control in schizophrenia
    Gauri N Savla
    Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093 0603, USA
    J Int Neuropsychol Soc 17:14-23. 2011
    ..However, the results from one task suggest that there might be additional impairment in some aspects of executive control...
  35. ncbi request reprint Assessing the elusive cognitive deficits associated with ventromedial prefrontal damage: a case of a modern-day Phineas Gage
    M Allison Cato
    San Diego Veteran Affairs Healthcare System and University of California, San Diego, School of Medicine, 92161, USA
    J Int Neuropsychol Soc 10:453-65. 2004
    ..The current findings suggest that VM-PFD may be associated with a wider spectrum of cognitive deficits than previously characterized...
  36. pmc Neuropsychological contributions to the early identification of Alzheimer's disease
    Mark W Bondi
    Department of Psychiatry, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA, USA
    Neuropsychol Rev 18:73-90. 2008
    ..Finally, we provide a critical examination of the clinical concept of Mild Cognitive Impairment and offer suggestions for an increased focus on the impact of cerebrovascular disease (CVD) and CVD risk during the prodromal period of AD...
  37. ncbi request reprint Response inhibition and set shifting in patients with frontal lobe epilepsy or temporal lobe epilepsy
    Carrie R McDonald
    Veterans Administration San Diego Healthcare System, and Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA, USA
    Epilepsy Behav 7:438-46. 2005
    ..In addition, side of the seizure focus and seizure frequency may contribute to executive dysfunction in patients with epilepsy...
  38. ncbi request reprint The California Verbal Learning Test--second edition: test-retest reliability, practice effects, and reliable change indices for the standard and alternate forms
    Steven Paul Woods
    Department of Psychiatry 0847, University of California at San Diego, 150 W Washington Street, 2nd Floor, San Diego, CA 92103 2005, USA
    Arch Clin Neuropsychol 21:413-20. 2006
    ..Overall, findings from this study support the test-retest reliability of the standard and alternate forms of the CVLT-II in healthy adults and may enhance the usefulness of this test in longitudinal neuropsychological evaluations...
  39. ncbi request reprint A componential analysis of proverb interpretation in patients with frontal lobe epilepsy and temporal lobe epilepsy: relationships with disease-related factors
    Carrie R McDonald
    Veterans Administration San Diego Healthcare System, USA
    Clin Neuropsychol 22:480-96. 2008
    ..Overall, FLE patients exhibit greater impairment than TLE patients in interpreting proverbs. However, the nature and disease-specific correlates of impaired performances in proverb interpretation differ between the groups...
  40. ncbi request reprint Discriminant validity and neuroanatomical correlates of rule monitoring in frontotemporal dementia and Alzheimer's disease
    Catherine L Carey
    Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Francisco Medical Center, United States
    Neuropsychologia 46:1081-7. 2008
    ..Findings are consistent with literature implicating the frontal lobes in performance monitoring and highlight the importance of characterizing the component processes of performance failures in the cognitive assessment of FTD and AD...
  41. ncbi request reprint Cognitive Symptom Management and Rehabilitation Therapy (CogSMART) for veterans with traumatic brain injury: pilot randomized controlled trial
    Elizabeth W Twamley
    Center of Excellence for Stress and Mental Health, VA San Diego Healthcare System, 3350 La Jolla Village Dr 116A, San Diego, CA 92161
    J Rehabil Res Dev 51:59-70. 2014
    ..These effects, as well as smaller effects on psychiatric symptoms and ability to return to work, warrant replication in a larger trial. ..
  42. ncbi request reprint Mechanisms of verbal memory impairment in four neurodevelopmental disorders
    Sharon Nichols
    Department of Neurosciences, University of California, 9500 Gilman Drive, MC 0935, San Diego, CA 92093 0935, USA
    Brain Lang 88:180-9. 2004
    ..Distinct patterns of performance characterized the four disorders. These patterns were consistent with the language deficits typically seen in the disorders, with the exception of a dissociation seen in Williams Syndrome...
  43. pmc Nondependent stimulant users of cocaine and prescription amphetamines show verbal learning and memory deficits
    Martina Reske
    Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California 92037 0985, USA
    Biol Psychiatry 68:762-9. 2010
    ..This study sought to determine whether subtle learning and memory problems characterize individuals who exhibit occasional but not chronic use of stimulants...
  44. doi request reprint Edith Kaplan (1924-2009)
    Dean C Delis
    University of California, San Diego, USA
    Am Psychol 65:127-8. 2010
    ..And, of great importance to the field, she continued to be vigorously involved in her most beloved activity of all, teaching students about neuropsychology...
  45. ncbi request reprint Role of frontal cortex in inferential reasoning: evidence from the word context test
    Katrina Keil
    Transitional Living Center, Casa Colina Centers for Rehabilitation, 255 East Bonita Ave, Pomona, CA 91769 6001, USA
    J Int Neuropsychol Soc 11:426-33. 2005
    ..This ability has been generally studied as a right-hemisphere function. Recent research, however, has suggested that inferencing involves anterior regions of both the left and right hemispheres...
  46. pmc Decline in verbal memory during preclinical Alzheimer's disease: examination of the effect of APOE genotype
    Kelly L Lange
    Joint Doctoral Program in Clinical Psychology, San Diego State University University of California, USA
    J Int Neuropsychol Soc 8:943-55. 2002
    ..The presence of an APOE-epsilon4 allele, however, did have a differential effect on the sensitivity of the 2 types of memory tests for tracking progression and made an independent contribution to the prediction of conversion to AD...
  47. ncbi request reprint Age and gender interactions on verbal memory performance
    Joel H Kramer
    University of California, San Francisco Medical Center, 94143, USA
    J Int Neuropsychol Soc 9:97-102. 2003
    ..The role of estrogen on cognition in normal aging warrants further study...
  48. pmc Dissociations in hippocampal and frontal contributions to episodic memory performance
    Joel H Kramer
    Department of Neurology, University of California, San Francisco Medical Center, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA
    Neuropsychology 19:799-805. 2005
    ....
  49. ncbi request reprint Is it bigger than a breadbox? Performance of patients with prefrontal lesions on a new executive function test
    Juliana V Baldo
    VA Northern California Health Care System, 150 Muir Road, Martinez, CA 94553, USA
    Arch Clin Neuropsychol 19:407-19. 2004
    ..Taken together with previous findings, we conclude that prefrontal cortex supports the on-line organization and conceptualization of category exemplars in concept-formation tasks...
  50. pmc Magnetic resonance imaging correlates of set shifting
    Joel H Kramer
    Department of Neurology, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA
    J Int Neuropsychol Soc 13:386-92. 2007
    ..Follow-up analyses indicated that frontal contributions to shifting were not related to working memory. Results highlight the importance of carefully controlling for component cognitive processes when studying executive functioning...
  51. ncbi request reprint Parsing the recognition memory components of the WMS-III face memory subtest: normative data and clinical findings in dementia groups
    James A Holdnack
    The Psychological Corporation, San Antonio, TX, USA
    J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 26:459-83. 2004
    ..The response components, particularly delayed false positives, differentiated performance among the clinical groups. Normative and reliability data are presented...
  52. ncbi request reprint Executive functions in autism and Asperger's disorder: flexibility, fluency, and inhibition
    Natalia Kleinhans
    Joint Doctoral Program in Clinical Psychology, San Diego State University, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
    Dev Neuropsychol 27:379-401. 2005
    ..We discuss implications of these findings for understanding the neurocognitive substrates of autistic spectrum disorders...
  53. ncbi request reprint Executive function asymmetry in older adults genetically at-risk for Alzheimer's disease: verbal versus design fluency
    Wes S Houston
    University of Iowa, Department of Neurology, Division of Cognitive Neuroscience, Iowa City, Iowa 52242 1053, USA
    J Int Neuropsychol Soc 11:863-70. 2005
    ..e., fluency plus switching) may serve as a useful preclinical marker of AD...
  54. ncbi request reprint Mental flexibility: age effects on switching
    Nancy S Wecker
    San Francisco, CA 94131, USA
    Neuropsychology 19:345-52. 2005
    ..The results are discussed in terms of theories of executive control and neurologic correlates across the adult life span...
  55. ncbi request reprint Response bias and aging on a recognition memory task
    Terri J Huh
    Department of Psychiatry, Memory and Aging Center, University of California San Francisco, California 94143, USA
    J Int Neuropsychol Soc 12:1-7. 2006
    ..In the light of reported relationships between frontal regions and both aging and response bias, we hypothesize that frontal changes may be the underlying mechanism explaining the increase in liberal response bias with age...
  56. ncbi request reprint D-KEFS Trail Making Test performance in patients with lateral prefrontal cortex lesions
    Brian Yochim
    Department of Psychology, University of Colorado at Colorado Springs, Colorado Springs, Colorado 80933, USA
    J Int Neuropsychol Soc 13:704-9. 2007
    ..In addition, patients with LPC lesions exhibited significantly elevated error rates on the Number-Letter Switching condition. Results suggest that LPC lesions can lead to impaired cognitive set-shifting on a visual-motor sequencing task...
  57. pmc Apolipoprotein E and traumatic brain injury in a military population: evidence of a neuropsychological compensatory mechanism?
    S Duke Han
    Department of Psychology, Loyola University Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA
    J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 78:1103-8. 2007
    ....
  58. ncbi request reprint Reliability and validity of the Delis-Kaplan Executive Function System: an update
    Dean C Delis
    J Int Neuropsychol Soc 10:301-3. 2004