S R Daniels

Summary

Affiliation: University of Colorado
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc Racial differences in central adiposity in a longitudinal cohort of black and white adolescent females
    David J Tybor
    Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy at Tufts University, Boston, MA, USA
    BMC Pediatr 10:2. 2010
  2. ncbi request reprint Cardiovascular effects of sibutramine in the treatment of obese adolescents: results of a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study
    Stephen R Daniels
    Department of Pediatrics, Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA
    Pediatrics 120:e147-57. 2007
  3. ncbi request reprint Screening for familial hypercholesterolemia: what is the most effective strategy?
    Stephen R Daniels
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, CO 80045, USA
    Nat Clin Pract Cardiovasc Med 5:130-1. 2008
  4. doi request reprint The use of BMI in the clinical setting
    Stephen R Daniels
    University of Colorado Denver and Health Science Center, Department of Pediatrics, 13123 E 16th Ave, B065, Aurora, CO 80045, USA
    Pediatrics 124:S35-41. 2009
  5. doi request reprint Screening and treatment of dyslipidemias in children and adolescents
    S R Daniels
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Colorado, Denver School of Medicine, Aurora, CO 80045, USA
    Horm Res Paediatr 76:47-51. 2011
  6. doi request reprint Complications of obesity in children and adolescents
    S R Daniels
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Colorado School of Medicine, and The Children s Hospital, Denver, CO, USA
    Int J Obes (Lond) 33:S60-5. 2009
  7. pmc Association of insulin sensitivity to lipids across the lifespan in people with Type 1 diabetes
    D M Maahs
    Barbara Davis Center for Childhood Diabetes, University of Colorado, Denver, CO, USA
    Diabet Med 28:148-55. 2011
  8. ncbi request reprint Utility of different measures of body fat distribution in children and adolescents
    S R Daniels
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Children s Hospital Medical Center, OH 45229, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 152:1179-84. 2000
  9. ncbi request reprint Changes in left ventricular mass in children and adolescents during chronic dialysis
    M M Mitsnefes
    Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, Department of Pediatrics, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Children s Hospital Research Foundation, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA
    Pediatr Nephrol 16:318-23. 2001
  10. ncbi request reprint Longitudinal correlates of change in blood pressure in adolescent girls
    S R Daniels
    Division of Cardiology, Children s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio 45229, USA
    Hypertension 31:97-103. 1998

Detail Information

Publications100

  1. pmc Racial differences in central adiposity in a longitudinal cohort of black and white adolescent females
    David J Tybor
    Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy at Tufts University, Boston, MA, USA
    BMC Pediatr 10:2. 2010
    ..We tested for racial differences in age-related growth in waist circumference in a longitudinal cohort of black and white adolescent girls...
  2. ncbi request reprint Cardiovascular effects of sibutramine in the treatment of obese adolescents: results of a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study
    Stephen R Daniels
    Department of Pediatrics, Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA
    Pediatrics 120:e147-57. 2007
    ..Adolescent obesity is a major public health problem. Treatment options in addition to behavioral therapy could include pharmacotherapy with sibutramine...
  3. ncbi request reprint Screening for familial hypercholesterolemia: what is the most effective strategy?
    Stephen R Daniels
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, CO 80045, USA
    Nat Clin Pract Cardiovasc Med 5:130-1. 2008
  4. doi request reprint The use of BMI in the clinical setting
    Stephen R Daniels
    University of Colorado Denver and Health Science Center, Department of Pediatrics, 13123 E 16th Ave, B065, Aurora, CO 80045, USA
    Pediatrics 124:S35-41. 2009
    ..Additional research on alternatives or adjuncts to BMI is needed...
  5. doi request reprint Screening and treatment of dyslipidemias in children and adolescents
    S R Daniels
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Colorado, Denver School of Medicine, Aurora, CO 80045, USA
    Horm Res Paediatr 76:47-51. 2011
    ..A key risk factor for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease is the presence of dyslipidemia. Clinical approaches to evaluation and treatment of dyslipidemia in children and adolescents are presented...
  6. doi request reprint Complications of obesity in children and adolescents
    S R Daniels
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Colorado School of Medicine, and The Children s Hospital, Denver, CO, USA
    Int J Obes (Lond) 33:S60-5. 2009
    ..In this paper, I will examine current knowledge regarding the different organ systems that may be impacted by childhood obesity...
  7. pmc Association of insulin sensitivity to lipids across the lifespan in people with Type 1 diabetes
    D M Maahs
    Barbara Davis Center for Childhood Diabetes, University of Colorado, Denver, CO, USA
    Diabet Med 28:148-55. 2011
    ..Our objective was to explore the associations between insulin resistance (assessed by glucose infusion rate) and lipids in people with Type 1 diabetes and determine whether adiposity and/or average glycaemia influence these associations...
  8. ncbi request reprint Utility of different measures of body fat distribution in children and adolescents
    S R Daniels
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Children s Hospital Medical Center, OH 45229, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 152:1179-84. 2000
    ..Waist circumference is easy to determine and is a useful measure of fat distribution for children and adolescents...
  9. ncbi request reprint Changes in left ventricular mass in children and adolescents during chronic dialysis
    M M Mitsnefes
    Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, Department of Pediatrics, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Children s Hospital Research Foundation, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA
    Pediatr Nephrol 16:318-23. 2001
    ..Early intervention to control blood pressure may be an important factor to improve and prevent progression of LVH in pediatric patients with ESRD...
  10. ncbi request reprint Longitudinal correlates of change in blood pressure in adolescent girls
    S R Daniels
    Division of Cardiology, Children s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio 45229, USA
    Hypertension 31:97-103. 1998
    ..04 in blacks (P<.001). Understanding of the determinants of the racial differences in blood pressure could provide the rationale for future interventions to reduce the excess cardiovascular mortality in black compared with white women...
  11. doi request reprint The effects of obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus on cardiac structure and function in adolescents and young adults
    A S Shah
    Division of Endocrinology, Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center, 3333 Burnet Avenue, MLC 7012, Cincinnati, OH 45229, USA
    Diabetologia 54:722-30. 2011
    ..We sought to evaluate the effects of obesity and obesity-related type 2 diabetes mellitus on cardiac geometry (remodelling) and systolic and diastolic function in adolescents and young adults...
  12. pmc The effect of neurohormonal factors, epigenetic factors, and gut microbiota on risk of obesity
    Matthew A Haemer
    University of Colorado School of Medicine, Pediatrics Section of Nutrition, The Children s Hospital, 13123 E 16th Ave, B270, Aurora, CO 80045, USA
    Prev Chronic Dis 6:A96. 2009
    ..Further exploration of how these molecular-cellular mechanisms might increase obesity risk in response to modifiable socioeconomic factors requires the partnership of laboratory and public health researchers...
  13. doi request reprint Use of the metabolic syndrome in pediatrics: a blessing and a curse
    Michelle Battista
    Interdisciplinary PhD Program in Nutrition, The Ohio State University, Nationwide Children s Hospital for Healthy Weight and Nutrition, Columbus, Ohio, USA
    Semin Pediatr Surg 18:136-43. 2009
    ..Recent national recommendations and screening directives offer pediatricians a comprehensive guide to risk prevention, assessment, and treatment...
  14. doi request reprint Evaluation of a child for secondary causes of obesity and comorbidities
    Robert E Kramer
    Section of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, The Children s Hospital, University of Colorado Denver, 13123 E 16th Avenue, Aurora, CO 80045, USA
    Nat Rev Endocrinol 5:227-32. 2009
    ..At presentation, the patient had a BMI of 52.3 kg/m(2), a waist circumference of 156 cm, blood pressure of 130/85 mmHg and severe acanthosis nigricans in the cervical and axillary skin folds...
  15. ncbi request reprint Hypertension-induced cardiac damage in children and adolescents
    S R Daniels
    Division of Cardiology, Department of Pediatrics, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine and the Children s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio 45229, USA
    Blood Press Monit 4:165-70. 1999
    ..Further research is needed to better evaluate the regression of left ventricular hypertrophy. Clinicians should assess left ventricular mass index in the evaluation of pediatric patients with hypertension...
  16. ncbi request reprint Cardiovascular disease risk factors and atherosclerosis in children and adolescents
    S R Daniels
    Division of Cardiology, Children's Hospital Medical Center, 3333 Burnet Avenue, Cincinnati, OH 45229, USA
    Curr Atheroscler Rep 3:479-85. 2001
    ..Studies are needed that evaluate the longer-term impact of intervention on cardiovascular risk factors in young patients...
  17. ncbi request reprint The relationship of health outcomes to improvement in BMI in children and adolescents
    Shelley Kirk
    Division of Cardiology, Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center, 3333 Burnet Avenue, Cincinnati, OH 45229 3039, USA
    Obes Res 13:876-82. 2005
    ..To evaluate the clinical outcomes of patients participating in an outpatient program for managing childhood and adolescent obesity...
  18. ncbi request reprint Evidence based physical activity for school-age youth
    William B Strong
    Department of Pediatrics, Medical College of Georgia, Augusta, Georgia, USA
    J Pediatr 146:732-7. 2005
    ..To review the effects of physical activity on health and behavior outcomes and develop evidence-based recommendations for physical activity in youth...
  19. pmc Influence of duration of diabetes, glycemic control, and traditional cardiovascular risk factors on early atherosclerotic vascular changes in adolescents and young adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus
    Amy S Shah
    Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center, Division of Endocrinology, Cincinnati, Ohio 45229, USA
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 94:3740-5. 2009
    ..Little information is available concerning carotid IMT and the progression of atherosclerosis in adolescents and young adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus...
  20. ncbi request reprint Left atrial size in children with hypertension: the influence of obesity, blood pressure, and left ventricular mass
    Stephen R Daniels
    Division of Cardiology, Department of Pediatrics, University of Cincinnati, College of Medicine and the Children s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA
    J Pediatr 141:186-90. 2002
    ..To evaluate the prevalence of left atrial enlargement and the correlates of left atrial size in children and adolescents with essential hypertension...
  21. pmc Increased arterial stiffness is found in adolescents with obesity or obesity-related type 2 diabetes mellitus
    Elaine M Urbina
    Department of Pediatrics, Cincinnati Children s Hospital and University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio 45229, USA
    J Hypertens 28:1692-8. 2010
    ..We sought to determine if arterial stiffness is increased in youth with obesity or T2DM as compared with lean controls...
  22. doi request reprint A 6-month, office-based, low-carbohydrate diet intervention in obese teens
    Robert M Siegel
    Cincinnati Pediatric Research Group, Division of General and Community Pediatrics, Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA
    Clin Pediatr (Phila) 48:745-9. 2009
    ..In one study, the LCD has also been shown as safe and effective in teens, the study period was only 12 weeks. Furthermore, there is no information on whether the LCD is a practical intervention in a pediatric office setting...
  23. ncbi request reprint The prevalence of upper lip hair in black and white girls during puberty: a new standard
    A W Lucky
    Division of Pediatric Dermatology, The Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA
    J Pediatr 138:134-6. 2001
    ..More than 2 years after menarche, 48.8% of black girls and 9.0% of white girls had small amounts of upper lip hair. This may be more significant in adolescent girls than in older women...
  24. ncbi request reprint Epidemiology of potential association between L-tryptophan ingestion and eosinophilia-myalgia syndrome
    S R Daniels
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Ohio, USA
    J Clin Epidemiol 48:1413-27; discussion 1429-40. 1995
    ..Subsequent studies of brand of L-tryptophan also contained errors in design, which may have produced biased results and call the conclusions into question. The cause of eosinophilia-myalgia syndrome remains unknown...
  25. pmc Association of glycaemia with lipids in adults with type 1 diabetes: modification by dyslipidaemia medication
    D M Maahs
    Barbara Davis Center for Childhood Diabetes, University of Colorado Denver, Mail Stop A140, PO Box 6511, Aurora, CO 80045, USA
    Diabetologia 53:2518-25. 2010
    ..The hypothesis of this study was that change in HbA(1c) over 6 years would be associated with change in fasting lipids in adults with type 1 diabetes...
  26. ncbi request reprint Changes in left ventricular mass index in children and adolescents after renal transplantation
    M M Mitsnefes
    Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, Department of Pediatrics, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Children s Hospital Research Foundation, 3333 Burnet Avenue, Cincinnati, Ohio 45229, USA
    Pediatr Transplant 5:279-84. 2001
    ..We conclude that LVH persists in children and adolescents after renal Tx. Control of blood pressure might be an important factor in regression or prevention of progression of LVH in these patients...
  27. ncbi request reprint Progression of left ventricular hypertrophy in children with early chronic kidney disease: 2-year follow-up study
    Mark M Mitsnefes
    Division of Nephrology and Hypertension and the Division of Cardiology, Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH 45229 3039, USA
    J Pediatr 149:671-5. 2006
    ....
  28. doi request reprint The efficacy of a clinic-based behavioral nutrition intervention emphasizing a DASH-type diet for adolescents with elevated blood pressure
    Sarah C Couch
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH 45267 0394, USA
    J Pediatr 152:494-501. 2008
    ....
  29. pmc Adiposity and TV viewing are related to less bone accrual in young children
    Karen S Wosje
    Division of General and Community Pediatrics, Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH 45229 3039, USA
    J Pediatr 154:79-85.e2. 2009
    ..To examine the relation between baseline fat mass and gain in bone area and bone mass in preschoolers studied prospectively for 4 years, with a focus on the role of physical activity and TV viewing...
  30. ncbi request reprint Blood pressure and total peripheral resistance in children with chronic kidney disease
    Mark M Mitsnefes
    Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center, OH 45229 3039, USA
    Pediatr Nephrol 20:803-6. 2005
    ....
  31. ncbi request reprint Stability of adolescent body mass index during three years of follow-up
    Nancy A Crimmins
    Department of Pediatrics, Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH 45229, USA
    J Pediatr 151:383-7. 2007
    ..A 4-year longitudinal study was conducted to determine the prevalence of overweight, detect shifts in body mass index (BMI) distribution, and determine which adolescents were at risk for pathologic weight gain...
  32. ncbi request reprint Structural cardiac changes as a predictor of respiratory complications after adenotonsillectomy for obstructive breathing during sleep in children
    Maninder Kalra
    Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Cincinnati Children s Hospital, 3333 Burnet Avenue, Cincinnati, OH 45229, USA
    Sleep Med 6:241-5. 2005
    ..To determine the association between structural cardiac changes and postoperative respiratory complications after adenotonsillectomy for obstructive breathing during sleep...
  33. ncbi request reprint One-year outcomes of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass for morbidly obese adolescents: a multicenter study from the Pediatric Bariatric Study Group
    M Louise Lawson
    Center for Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH 45255, USA
    J Pediatr Surg 41:137-43; discussion 137-43. 2006
    ..Little is known about the metabolic outcomes of adolescent bariatric surgery. We report changes in weight, metabolic profile, and types of complications seen in a multicenter cohort...
  34. ncbi request reprint Preferential loss of central (trunk) adiposity in adolescents and young adults after laparoscopic gastric bypass
    Thomas Inge
    Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio 45229, USA
    Surg Obes Relat Dis 3:153-8. 2007
    ....
  35. ncbi request reprint Regulation of body mass and management of childhood overweight
    Stephen R Daniels
    Department of Pediatrics, Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center, College of Medicine, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio 45229, USA
    Pediatr Blood Cancer 44:589-94. 2005
    ..There is evidence that the effect of behavioral therapy for weight loss in childhood will be longer lasting than that seen in adults...
  36. ncbi request reprint Twenty-four-hour ambulatory blood pressure in children with sleep-disordered breathing
    Raouf S Amin
    Sleep Disorder Center, Division of Pulmonary Medicine, Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center, 3333 Burnet Avenue, Cincinnati, OH 45229, USA
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 169:950-6. 2004
    ..We conclude that obstructive apnea in children is associated with 24-hour BP dysregulation and that, independent of obesity, the frequency of obstructive apnea, oxygen desaturation, and arousal contributes to abnormal BP control...
  37. doi request reprint Prevalence of increased arterial stiffness in children with type 1 diabetes mellitus differs by measurement site and sex: the SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth Study
    Elaine M Urbina
    Department of Pediatrics, Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center and University of Cincinnati, College of Medicine, Cincinnati, OH, USA
    J Pediatr 156:731-7, 737.e1. 2010
    ..To discuss vascular stiffness commonly encountered in children with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM)...
  38. ncbi request reprint A randomized trial comparing a very low carbohydrate diet and a calorie-restricted low fat diet on body weight and cardiovascular risk factors in healthy women
    Bonnie J Brehm
    University of Cincinnati and Children s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio 45221 0038, USA
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 88:1617-23. 2003
    ..Based on these data, a very low carbohydrate diet is more effective than a low fat diet for short-term weight loss and, over 6 months, is not associated with deleterious effects on important cardiovascular risk factors in healthy women...
  39. ncbi request reprint Blood pressure response to melatonin in type 1 diabetes
    Anita Cavallo
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine and the Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH 45229 3039, USA
    Pediatr Diabetes 5:26-31. 2004
    ..Exogenous melatonin given to healthy normotensive adults reduces blood pressure. We hypothesized that melatonin increases the decline of blood pressure during sleep in normotensive adolescents with type 1 diabetes...
  40. ncbi request reprint Using a phantom to compare MR techniques for determining the ratio of intraabdominal to subcutaneous adipose tissue
    Lane F Donnelly
    Department of Radiology, Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center and University of Cincinnati, 3333 Burnet Ave, Cincinnati, OH 45229 3039, USA
    AJR Am J Roentgenol 180:993-8. 2003
    ..The purpose of our investigation was to compare MR imaging and segmentation techniques in calculating the ratio of intraabdominal to subcutaneous adipose tissue using an adiposity phantom...
  41. doi request reprint Age-specific reference intervals for indexed left ventricular mass in children
    Philip R Khoury
    Division of Cardiology, Department of Pediatrics, Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center, 3333 Burnet Avenue, Cincinnati, OH 45229, USA
    J Am Soc Echocardiogr 22:709-14. 2009
    ..7. The purpose of this study was to establish a normal value for the pediatric age group and to determine how, if at all, LVM/height(2.7) varies in children...
  42. ncbi request reprint Development of exercise-induced arm-leg blood pressure gradient and abnormal arterial compliance in patients with repaired coarctation of the aorta
    Larry W Markham
    Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio 45229, USA
    Am J Cardiol 94:1200-2. 2004
    ..This study evaluates the prevalence and predictors of an exercise-induced arm-leg gradient in subjects who have undergone an apparently successful intervention for CoA...
  43. ncbi request reprint The role of energy expenditure in the differential weight loss in obese women on low-fat and low-carbohydrate diets
    Bonnie J Brehm
    R D, University of Cincinnati, P O Box 210038, Cincinnati, Ohio 45221 0038, USA
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 90:1475-82. 2005
    ..The differential weight loss is not explained by differences in REE, TEF, or physical activity and likely reflects underreporting of food consumption by the low-fat dieters...
  44. ncbi request reprint Pubertal maturation in girls and the relationship to anthropometric changes: pathways through puberty
    Frank M Biro
    Department of Pediatrics, Children s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA
    J Pediatr 142:643-6. 2003
    ..We examined the relationship of the initial manifestation of puberty in girls with anthropometric measures, as well as age at menarche...
  45. ncbi request reprint Relationship of visceral adiposity to cardiovascular disease risk factors in black and white teens
    Bernard Gutin
    Department of Pediatrics, Medical College of Georgia, Georgia Prevention Institute, 1499 Walton Way, HS1755, Augusta, GA 30912, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 15:1029-35. 2007
    ..CVD risk factors were fasting insulin, fibrinogen, total to high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol ratio, triglycerides (TGs), systolic blood pressure, and left ventricular mass indexed to height2.7...
  46. ncbi request reprint Socioeconomic disparities in insulin resistance: results from the Princeton School District Study
    Elizabeth Goodman
    Department of Pediatrics, Tufts New England Medical Center and Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, MA 02111, USA
    Psychosom Med 69:61-7. 2007
    ..The objectives of this study were to determine whether lower socioeconomic status (SES) is associated with changes in insulin resistance in adolescents over a 3-year period and explore moderators of this effect...
  47. pmc Dietary patterns associated with fat and bone mass in young children
    Karen S Wosje
    Division of General and Community Pediatrics, Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH 45229, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 92:294-303. 2010
    ..However, there is little information on what constitutes a diet that simultaneously promotes low fat mass and high bone mass accrual early in life...
  48. ncbi request reprint Gastric bypass surgery for treatment of hypothalamic obesity after craniopharyngioma therapy
    Thomas H Inge
    Division of Pediatric General and Thoracic Surgery, ML 2023, Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH 45229 3039, USA
    Nat Clin Pract Endocrinol Metab 3:606-9. 2007
    ..Extreme obesity (BMI >60 kg/m(2)) and hyperinsulinemia followed tumor resection and cranial irradiation. Dietary interventions were unsuccessful, and pharmacologic intervention (i.e. octreotide) only slowed the rate of weight gain...
  49. pmc Dyslipidemia in youth with diabetes: to treat or not to treat?
    David M Maahs
    Barbara Davis Center for Childhood Diabetes, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Aurora, CO 80045, USA
    J Pediatr 153:458-65. 2008
  50. pmc Baseline BMI is a strong predictor of nadir BMI after adolescent gastric bypass
    Thomas H Inge
    Division of Pediatric Surgery, Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH, USA
    J Pediatr 156:103-108.e1. 2010
    ..Surgical treatment of extreme obesity may be appropriate for some adolescents. We hypothesized that surgical weight loss outcomes may differ by preoperative level of extreme obesity (body mass index [BMI] > or=99th percentile)...
  51. pmc Youth with obesity and obesity-related type 2 diabetes mellitus demonstrate abnormalities in carotid structure and function
    Elaine M Urbina
    Department of Pediatrics, Cincinnati Children s Hospital and University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH 45229, USA
    Circulation 119:2913-9. 2009
    ..Increased carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT) and stiffness are associated with these adverse outcomes. We compared carotid arteries in youth who were lean, were obese, or had T2DM...
  52. doi request reprint Reversal of type 2 diabetes mellitus and improvements in cardiovascular risk factors after surgical weight loss in adolescents
    Thomas H Inge
    Division of Pediatric Surgery, Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH 45229 3039, USA
    Pediatrics 123:214-22. 2009
    ..We hypothesized that gastric bypass would improve parameters of metabolic dysfunction and cardiovascular risk in adolescents with type 2 diabetes mellitus...
  53. doi request reprint Reversibility of cardiac abnormalities in morbidly obese adolescents
    Holly M Ippisch
    Division of Cardiology, Cincinnati Children s Hospital, Medical Center and Department of Pediatrics, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio 45229, USA
    J Am Coll Cardiol 51:1342-8. 2008
    ..The purpose of this study was to evaluate changes in cardiac geometry, systolic and diastolic function before and after weight loss in morbidly obese adolescents...
  54. ncbi request reprint Interactions between noncontiguous haplotypes in the adiponectin gene ACDC are associated with plasma adiponectin
    Jessica G Woo
    Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center, OH 45229, USA
    Diabetes 55:523-9. 2006
    ..Interactions between noncontiguous ACDC haplotypes strongly influence adiponectin levels, suggesting nonadditive and potentially cis relationships between these regions...
  55. ncbi request reprint Adolescent sex differences in adiponectin are conditional on pubertal development and adiposity
    Jessica G Woo
    Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center, OH 45229 3039, USA
    Obes Res 13:2095-101. 2005
    ..In this study, we hypothesized that sex differences in adiponectin would develop during puberty and would be influenced by level of adiposity...
  56. ncbi request reprint Cardiac and vascular adaptation in pediatric patients with chronic kidney disease: role of calcium-phosphorus metabolism
    Mark M Mitsnefes
    Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, Cincinnati Children s Hospital, Cincinnati, OH 45229, USA
    J Am Soc Nephrol 16:2796-803. 2005
    ....
  57. ncbi request reprint Bariatric surgery for severely overweight adolescents: concerns and recommendations
    Thomas H Inge
    Department of Pediatric Surgery, Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio 45229, USA
    Pediatrics 114:217-23. 2004
    ..Surgery should be performed in institutions that are equipped to meet the tertiary care needs of severely obese patients and to collect long-term data on the clinical outcomes of these patients...
  58. ncbi request reprint Pediatric obesity epidemic: treatment options
    Shelley Kirk
    Department of Pediatrics, Division of Cardiology, Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center 45229 3039, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 105:S44-51. 2005
    ....
  59. ncbi request reprint Managing bariatric patients in a children's hospital: radiologic considerations and limitations
    Thomas H Inge
    Department of Pediatrics, Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH 45229 3039, USA
    J Pediatr Surg 40:609-17. 2005
    ..Herein the authors discuss these topics within the context of characteristic bariatric patient profiles and the Roux-en-Y gastric bypass procedure, currently the authors' standard operative approach...
  60. ncbi request reprint Left ventricular function in children with sleep-disordered breathing
    Raouf S Amin
    Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio 45229, USA
    Am J Cardiol 95:801-4. 2005
    ..We studied the early changes in left ventricular function across a range of severity of the disorder. A dose-dependent decrease in diastolic function with increased severity of obstructive apnea was demonstrated...
  61. ncbi request reprint Surgical approach to adolescent obesity
    Thomas H Inge
    Department of Surgery, Division of Pediatric Surgery, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH, USA
    Adolesc Med Clin 15:429-53. 2004
    ..Indications for operation during adolescence should be conservative until appropriately designed clinical studies have demonstrated the safety and efficacy of these techniques applied to adolescents...
  62. ncbi request reprint Psychological adjustment of obese youth presenting for weight management treatment
    Meg H Zeller
    Division of Psychology, ML D 3015, Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center, 3333 Burnet Avenue, Cincinnati, OH 45229, USA
    Obes Res 12:1576-86. 2004
    ....
  63. ncbi request reprint Blood pressure-lowering effect of melatonin in type 1 diabetes
    Anita Cavallo
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine and Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH 45229 3039, USA
    J Pineal Res 36:262-6. 2004
    ..We conclude that the present results justify phase III therapeutic trials to determine the utility of melatonin in prevention of hypertension and cardiovascular complications in type 1 diabetes...
  64. ncbi request reprint Impaired left ventricular diastolic function in children with chronic renal failure
    Mark M Mitsnefes
    Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio 45229, USA
    Kidney Int 65:1461-6. 2004
    ..We compared diastolic function and assessed risk factors associated with diastolic dysfunction in children with CRI with those on dialysis...
  65. ncbi request reprint Abnormal carotid artery structure and function in children and adolescents with successful renal transplantation
    Mark M Mitsnefes
    Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, Cincinnati Children s Hospital, MLC 7022, 3333 Burnet Ave, Cincinnati, Ohio 45229 3039, USA
    Circulation 110:97-101. 2004
    ..However, little is known about the extent of these abnormalities in children after transplantation...
  66. ncbi request reprint Frequency of abnormal carbohydrate metabolism and diabetes in a population-based screening of adolescents
    Lawrence M Dolan
    Division of Endocrinology, Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio 45229, USA
    J Pediatr 146:751-8. 2005
    ..To document the frequency of glucose intolerance in adolescents in a population-based study of primarily African-American/Non-Hispanic whites in an urban-suburban school district...
  67. doi request reprint Childhood obesity predicts adult metabolic syndrome: the Fels Longitudinal Study
    Shumei S Sun
    Lifespan Health Research Center, Department of Community Health, Wright State University Boonshoft School of Medicine, Dayton, OH, USA
    J Pediatr 152:191-200. 2008
    ..To determine the age of significant divergence in body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference in adults with and without the metabolic syndrome, and to provide age- and sex-specific childhood values that predict adult metabolic syndrome...
  68. ncbi request reprint Obesity development during adolescence in a biracial cohort: the NHLBI Growth and Health Study
    Sue Y S Kimm
    Department of Family Medicine, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15261, USA
    Pediatrics 110:e54. 2002
    ..The purpose of this report was to examine changes in the annual prevalence rates of overweight and obesity in the NGHS cohort from ages 9 to 19 years...
  69. ncbi request reprint Discovering the full spectrum of cardiovascular disease: Minority Health Summit 2003: report of the Obesity, Metabolic Syndrome, and Hypertension Writing Group
    Sidney C Smith
    Circulation 111:e134-9. 2005
  70. ncbi request reprint Breakfast consumption by African-American and white adolescent girls correlates positively with calcium and fiber intake and negatively with body mass index
    Sandra G Affenito
    Department of Nutrition, Saint Joseph College, West Hartford, CT, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 105:938-45. 2005
    ..To describe age- and race-related differences in breakfast consumption and to examine the association of breakfast intake with dietary calcium and fiber and body mass index (BMI)...
  71. ncbi request reprint Prevention Conference VII: Obesity, a worldwide epidemic related to heart disease and stroke: Group II: age-dependent risk factors for obesity and comorbidities
    Sachiko T St Jeor
    Circulation 110:e471-5. 2004
  72. pmc Instability in the diagnosis of metabolic syndrome in adolescents
    Elizabeth Goodman
    Floating Hospital for Children at Tufts New England Medical Center, Boston, Mass, MA, USA
    Circulation 115:2316-22. 2007
    ..However, adolescence is a period of intense physiological change, and therefore stability of the underlying metabolic structure and clinical categorization based on metabolic risk is uncertain...
  73. pmc Childhood overweight and cardiovascular disease risk factors: the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Growth and Health Study
    Douglas R Thompson
    Maryland Medical Research Institute, Baltimore, MD 21210, USA
    J Pediatr 150:18-25. 2007
    ..To estimate the prevalence and incidence of overweight in African-American and Caucasian girls, and to examine associations between adolescent overweight and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors...
  74. ncbi request reprint Racial differences in correlates of misreporting of energy intake in adolescent females
    Sue Y S Kimm
    Department of Family Medicine, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pennsylvania, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 14:156-64. 2006
    ..To determine the extent of misreporting of energy intake (EI) and its anthropometric, demographic, and psychosocial correlates in a bi-racial cohort of young women...
  75. ncbi request reprint Correlates of persistent thinness in black and white young women
    Debra L Franko
    Department of Counseling and Applied Educational Psychology, Northeastern University, 203 Lake Hall, 360 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02115 5000, USA
    Obes Res 13:2006-13. 2005
    ..To examine health and psychosocial correlates of persistent thinness in black and white young adult women...
  76. ncbi request reprint Effects of sibutramine treatment in obese adolescents: a randomized trial
    Robert I Berkowitz
    The Behavioral Health Center, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia and the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA
    Ann Intern Med 145:81-90. 2006
    ..Increased prevalence of adolescent obesity requires effective treatment options beyond behavior therapy...
  77. ncbi request reprint Relation between the changes in physical activity and body-mass index during adolescence: a multicentre longitudinal study
    Sue Y S Kimm
    Department of Internal Medicine, University of New Mexico School of Medicine, University of New Mexico Health Sciences Center, Albuquerque, NM 87131 0001, USA
    Lancet 366:301-7. 2005
    ..We examined changes in activity in relation to changes in body-mass index (BMI) and adiposity in a cohort of 1152 black and 1135 white girls from the USA, who were followed up prospectively from ages 9 or 10 to 18 or 19 years...
  78. ncbi request reprint Maternal infant-feeding style and children's adiposity at 5 years of age
    Hillary L Burdette
    Division of Gastroenterology and Nutrition, Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 160:513-20. 2006
    ..To examine the relationship between maternal infant-feeding style and adiposity in childhood and to determine whether feeding style explains any of the association between maternal obesity and childhood adiposity...
  79. ncbi request reprint Breastfeeding, introduction of complementary foods, and adiposity at 5 y of age
    Hillary L Burdette
    Division of Gastroenterology and Nutrition, Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 83:550-8. 2006
    ..Although dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) is considered the most accurate measure of adiposity in children, it has rarely been used to examine the relation between infant feeding and adiposity during childhood...
  80. ncbi request reprint Correlates of beverage intake in adolescent girls: the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Growth and Health Study
    Ruth H Striegel-Moore
    Department of Psychology, Wesleyan University, 207 High Street, Middletown, CT 06459 0408, USA
    J Pediatr 148:183-7. 2006
    ....
  81. ncbi request reprint Impact of objective and subjective social status on obesity in a biracial cohort of adolescents
    Elizabeth Goodman
    Schneider Institute for Health Policy, Heller School for Social Policy and Management, Brandeis University MS 35, 415 South Street, Waltham, MA 02454 9110, USA
    Obes Res 11:1018-26. 2003
    ..To characterize the associations between socioeconomic status (SES), two levels of subjective social status (SSS), and adolescent obesity...
  82. ncbi request reprint Obesity, insulin resistance, diabetes, and cardiovascular risk in children: an American Heart Association scientific statement from the Atherosclerosis, Hypertension, and Obesity in the Young Committee (Council on Cardiovascular Disease in the Young) and
    Julia Steinberger
    Circulation 107:1448-53. 2003
  83. ncbi request reprint Abnormal weight gain and weight management: are carbohydrates the enemy?
    Stephen R Daniels
    J Pediatr 142:225-7. 2003
  84. ncbi request reprint AHA Guidelines for Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease and Stroke: 2002 Update: Consensus Panel Guide to Comprehensive Risk Reduction for Adult Patients Without Coronary or Other Atherosclerotic Vascular Diseases. American Heart Association Scien
    Thomas A Pearson
    Circulation 106:388-91. 2002
  85. ncbi request reprint Cardiovascular health in childhood: A statement for health professionals from the Committee on Atherosclerosis, Hypertension, and Obesity in the Young (AHOY) of the Council on Cardiovascular Disease in the Young, American Heart Association
    Christine L Williams
    Circulation 106:143-60. 2002
  86. ncbi request reprint Racial differences in the relation between uncoupling protein genes and resting energy expenditure
    Sue Y S Kimm
    Department of Family Medicine and Clinical Epidemiology, School of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 75:714-9. 2002
    ..Lower resting energy expenditure (REE) in African American women may contribute to their obesity. The identification of uncoupling protein (UCP) genes has fueled a search for genes involved in energy metabolism in humans...
  87. ncbi request reprint Race differences in accuracy of self-reported childhood body size among white and black women
    Alison E Field
    Department of Medicine, Children s Hospital Boston, Harvard Medical School, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Obes Res 12:1136-44. 2004
    ..To assess the relation of self-reported current and recalled preadolescent body size to measured BMI (kilograms per meter squared) and interviewer's assessment of body size...
  88. ncbi request reprint Does adolescent depression predict obesity in black and white young adult women?
    Debra L Franko
    Department of Counseling and Applied Educational Psychology, Northeastern University, Boston, MA 02115 5000, USA
    Psychol Med 35:1505-13. 2005
    ..To examine whether adolescent depressive symptoms predict young adult body mass index (BMI) and obesity in black and white women...
  89. ncbi request reprint Definitions of night eating in adolescent girls
    Ruth H Striegel-Moore
    Department of Psychology, Wesleyan University, 207 High Street, Middletown, CT 06459, USA
    Obes Res 12:1311-21. 2004
    ..To describe the prevalence of night eating in a community cohort of black and white girls, using different definitions of night eating as described in the literature...
  90. ncbi request reprint Serum lipids and glucose control: the SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth study
    Diana B Petitti
    Department of Research and Evaluation, Kaiser Permanente Southern California, 393 E Walnut St, Pasadena, CA 91188, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 161:159-65. 2007
    ..To assess the relationship of serum lipid concentrations with glucose control in youth with diabetes mellitus...
  91. ncbi request reprint Diagnosis and management of the metabolic syndrome. An American Heart Association/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Scientific Statement. Executive summary
    Scott M Grundy
    Cardiol Rev 13:322-7. 2005
  92. ncbi request reprint Factor analysis of clustered cardiovascular risks in adolescence: obesity is the predominant correlate of risk among youth
    Elizabeth Goodman
    Heller School for Social Policy and Management, Brandeis University, MS 35, 415 South St, Waltham, MA 02453 9110, USA
    Circulation 111:1970-7. 2005
    ..The increasing rates of obesity and type 2 diabetes and the growing importance of metabolic syndrome among adolescents make assessment of CV risk clustering even more urgent in this age group...
  93. ncbi request reprint Cardiovascular risk reduction in high-risk pediatric patients: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association Expert Panel on Population and Prevention Science; the Councils on Cardiovascular Disease in the Young, Epidemiology and Prevention,
    Rae Ellen W Kavey
    National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, NIH, Bethesda, MD, USA
    Circulation 114:2710-38. 2006
    ....
  94. doi request reprint Health-related quality of life of children and adolescents with type 1 or type 2 diabetes mellitus: SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth Study
    Michelle J Naughton
    Department of Social Sciences and Health Policy, Division of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, 2000 W First St, Winston Salem, NC 27104, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 162:649-57. 2008
    ..To examine the associations between demographic and diabetes management variables and the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of youths with type 1 or type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)...
  95. ncbi request reprint What is the best method to identify cardiovascular risk related to obesity?
    Stephen R Daniels
    J Pediatr 146:A3. 2005
  96. ncbi request reprint Sensitivity and specificity of pediatric lipid determinations for adult lipid status: findings from the Princeton Lipid Research Clinics Prevalence Program Follow-up Study
    Lisa Aronson Friedman
    Maryland Medical Research Institute, 600 Wyndhurst Ave, Baltimore, Maryland 21210, USA
    Pediatrics 118:165-72. 2006
    ..The goal was to determine the diagnostic utility of the National Cholesterol Education Program pediatric guidelines...
  97. ncbi request reprint Changes in weight and body image over time in women with eating disorders
    Ruth H Striegel-Moore
    Department of Psychology, Wesleyan University, Middletown, Connecticut 06459, USA
    Int J Eat Disord 36:315-27. 2004
    ..This study examined the changes in body image and weight in young women with an adolescent eating disorder, relative to women without an eating disorder (noED)...
  98. ncbi request reprint Cardiovascular health promotion in the schools: a statement for health and education professionals and child health advocates from the Committee on Atherosclerosis, Hypertension, and Obesity in Youth (AHOY) of the Council on Cardiovascular Disease in the
    Laura L Hayman
    Circulation 110:2266-75. 2004
  99. ncbi request reprint A randomized, placebo-controlled trial of amlodipine in children with hypertension
    Joseph T Flynn
    Division of Pediatric Nephrology, Children s Hospital at Montefiore, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, 111 East 210th Street, Bronx, NY 10467, USA
    J Pediatr 145:353-9. 2004
    ..Evaluation of the efficacy and safety of amlodipine in hypertensive children...
  100. ncbi request reprint Do we have enough pediatric endocrinologists?
    Stephen R Daniels
    J Pediatr 152:A2. 2008