WILLIAM EMERY CUNNINGHAM

Summary

Affiliation: University of California
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc Correlated physical and mental health summary scores for the SF-36 and SF-12 Health Survey, V.I
    Sepideh S Farivar
    Global Health Economics, Amgen, Inc, Thousand Oaks, CA, USA
    Health Qual Life Outcomes 5:54. 2007
  2. ncbi request reprint Use of relevancy ratings by target respondents to develop health-related quality of life measures: an example with African-American elderly
    W E Cunningham
    Department of Medicine, UCLA, USA
    Qual Life Res 8:749-68. 1999
  3. ncbi request reprint Health services utilization for people with HIV infection: comparison of a population targeted for outreach with the U.S. population in care
    William E Cunningham
    Division of General Internal Medicine and Health Services Research, Department of Medicine, UCLA, Los Angeles, California 90095, USA
    Med Care 44:1038-47. 2006
  4. pmc The association of health-related quality of life with survival among persons with HIV infection in the United States
    William E Cunningham
    Division of General Internal Medicine and Health Services Research, Department of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095 1772, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 20:21-7. 2005
  5. ncbi request reprint The effect of socioeconomic status on the survival of people receiving care for HIV infection in the United States
    William E Cunningham
    Division of General Internal Medicine and Health Services Research, Department of Medicine, Center for Health Sciences, School of Public Health, UCLA, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
    J Health Care Poor Underserved 16:655-76. 2005
  6. ncbi request reprint Do differences in methods for constructing SF-36 physical and mental health summary measures change their associations with chronic medical conditions and utilization?
    William E Cunningham
    Department of Health Services, Center for Health Sciences, UCLA School of Public Health, 10833 LeConte Avenue, Los Angeles, CA 90095 1772, USA
    Qual Life Res 12:1029-35. 2003
  7. ncbi request reprint Prevalence and predictors of highly active antiretroviral therapy use in patients with HIV infection in the united states. HCSUS Consortium. HIV Cost and Services Utilization
    W E Cunningham
    Division of General Internal Medicine and Health Services Research, Department of Medicine, University of California at Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 25:115-23. 2000
  8. pmc Case management and health-related quality of life outcomes in a national sample of persons with HIV/AIDS
    William E Cunningham
    Division of General Internal Medicine and Health Services Research, Department of Medicine, UCLA, Los Angeles, California 90095, USA
    J Natl Med Assoc 100:840-7. 2008
  9. pmc Sociodemographic differences in access to care among Hispanic patients who are HIV infected in the United States
    Leo S Morales
    University of California at Los Angeles, USA
    Am J Public Health 94:1119-21. 2004
  10. ncbi request reprint The effect of perceived stigma from a health care provider on access to care among a low-income HIV-positive population
    Janni J Kinsler
    Division of General Internal Medicine and Health Services Research, David Geffen School of Medicine at University of California, Los Angeles, California, USA
    AIDS Patient Care STDS 21:584-92. 2007

Research Grants

Detail Information

Publications44

  1. pmc Correlated physical and mental health summary scores for the SF-36 and SF-12 Health Survey, V.I
    Sepideh S Farivar
    Global Health Economics, Amgen, Inc, Thousand Oaks, CA, USA
    Health Qual Life Outcomes 5:54. 2007
    ..The SF-36 and SF-12 summary scores were derived using an uncorrelated (orthogonal) factor solution. We estimate SF-36 and SF-12 summary scores using a correlated (oblique) physical and mental health factor model...
  2. ncbi request reprint Use of relevancy ratings by target respondents to develop health-related quality of life measures: an example with African-American elderly
    W E Cunningham
    Department of Medicine, UCLA, USA
    Qual Life Res 8:749-68. 1999
    ..Generic HRQOL measures are intended to be relevant to everyone whereas population-targeted measures are designed to be relevant to a particular population...
  3. ncbi request reprint Health services utilization for people with HIV infection: comparison of a population targeted for outreach with the U.S. population in care
    William E Cunningham
    Division of General Internal Medicine and Health Services Research, Department of Medicine, UCLA, Los Angeles, California 90095, USA
    Med Care 44:1038-47. 2006
    ..However, these hard-to-reach groups are important to study because they may be in greatest need of services...
  4. pmc The association of health-related quality of life with survival among persons with HIV infection in the United States
    William E Cunningham
    Division of General Internal Medicine and Health Services Research, Department of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095 1772, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 20:21-7. 2005
    ....
  5. ncbi request reprint The effect of socioeconomic status on the survival of people receiving care for HIV infection in the United States
    William E Cunningham
    Division of General Internal Medicine and Health Services Research, Department of Medicine, Center for Health Sciences, School of Public Health, UCLA, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
    J Health Care Poor Underserved 16:655-76. 2005
    ..Effective interventions are needed to improve outcomes for low SES groups with HIV infection...
  6. ncbi request reprint Do differences in methods for constructing SF-36 physical and mental health summary measures change their associations with chronic medical conditions and utilization?
    William E Cunningham
    Department of Health Services, Center for Health Sciences, UCLA School of Public Health, 10833 LeConte Avenue, Los Angeles, CA 90095 1772, USA
    Qual Life Res 12:1029-35. 2003
    ..We determined whether the associations of the physical and mental health summary scores with chronic medical conditions and utilization would differ depending on the scoring algorithm used...
  7. ncbi request reprint Prevalence and predictors of highly active antiretroviral therapy use in patients with HIV infection in the united states. HCSUS Consortium. HIV Cost and Services Utilization
    W E Cunningham
    Division of General Internal Medicine and Health Services Research, Department of Medicine, University of California at Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 25:115-23. 2000
    ..It is not known whether high levels of HAART use have been sustained or whether socioeconomic and racial disparities have diminished over time...
  8. pmc Case management and health-related quality of life outcomes in a national sample of persons with HIV/AIDS
    William E Cunningham
    Division of General Internal Medicine and Health Services Research, Department of Medicine, UCLA, Los Angeles, California 90095, USA
    J Natl Med Assoc 100:840-7. 2008
    ..To examine whether having a case manager is associated with better physical and mental health scores...
  9. pmc Sociodemographic differences in access to care among Hispanic patients who are HIV infected in the United States
    Leo S Morales
    University of California at Los Angeles, USA
    Am J Public Health 94:1119-21. 2004
    ..Researchers and policymakers should consider sociodemographic factors among Hispanic patients who are HIV positive when designing and prioritizing interventions to improve access to care...
  10. ncbi request reprint The effect of perceived stigma from a health care provider on access to care among a low-income HIV-positive population
    Janni J Kinsler
    Division of General Internal Medicine and Health Services Research, David Geffen School of Medicine at University of California, Los Angeles, California, USA
    AIDS Patient Care STDS 21:584-92. 2007
    ..Interventions are needed to reduce perceived stigma in the health care setting. Educational programs and modeling of nonstigmatizing behavior can teach health care providers to provide unbiased care...
  11. ncbi request reprint The inability to take medications openly at home: does it help explain gender disparities in HAART use?
    Jennifer N Sayles
    Division of General Internal Medicine and Health Services Research, Department of Medicine, UCLA, Los Angeles, California, USA
    J Womens Health (Larchmt) 15:173-81. 2006
    ..We examined whether one reason for this disparity is that women are less likely to use HAART when they have difficulty taking HIV medications openly at home...
  12. pmc Consistency of state statutes with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention HIV testing recommendations for health care settings
    Anish P Mahajan
    David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, California 90024, USA
    Ann Intern Med 150:263-9. 2009
    ....
  13. pmc Linguistic disparities in health care access and health status among older adults
    Ninez A Ponce
    UCLA Department of Health Services, Center for the Health Sciences, Los Angeles, CA 90095 1772, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 21:786-91. 2006
    ..English proficiency may be important in explaining disparities in health and health care access among older adults...
  14. ncbi request reprint Language barriers to health care access among Medicare beneficiaries
    Ninez A Ponce
    Department of Health Services, School of Public Health, Campus Box 951772, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90095 1772, USA
    Inquiry 43:66-76. 2006
    ..Findings suggest the federal government should take steps to reduce language barriers in Medicare...
  15. pmc Development and psychometric assessment of a multidimensional measure of internalized HIV stigma in a sample of HIV-positive adults
    Jennifer N Sayles
    Division of General Internal Medicine and Health Services Research, UCLA, 911 Broxton Ave, Los Angeles, CA 90024, USA
    AIDS Behav 12:748-58. 2008
    ..This measure should prove useful to investigators examining in the role of stigma in HIV treatment and health outcomes, and evaluating interventions designed to mitigate the impacts of stigma on PLHA...
  16. ncbi request reprint Evolving trends in medical care-coordination for patients with HIV and AIDS
    Roberto B Vargas
    Division of General Internal Medicine and Health Services Research, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, 911 Broxton Avenue, Los Angeles, CA 90024, USA
    Curr HIV/AIDS Rep 3:149-53. 2006
    ..We will conclude with a discussion of the implications and important areas for further investigations on this topic...
  17. ncbi request reprint Time trends in failure to return for HIV test results
    Janni J Kinsler
    Division of General Internal Medicine and Health Services Research, David Geffen School of Medicine at University of California, Los Angeles, California, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 34:397-400. 2007
    ..The purpose of this study was to examine time trends of failure to return for HIV test results among a mobile van population in Los Angeles...
  18. pmc The association between life chaos, health care use, and health status among HIV-infected persons
    Mitchell D Wong
    UCLA Division of General Internal Medicine and Health Services Research, University of California, 911 Broxton Avenue, Suite 101, Los Angeles, CA 90024, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 22:1286-91. 2007
    ..Whether having a stable and predictable lifestyle is associated with health care use and health status among HIV patients is unknown...
  19. pmc Experiences of social stigma and implications for healthcare among a diverse population of HIV positive adults
    Jennifer N Sayles
    Division of General Internal Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    J Urban Health 84:814-28. 2007
    ..We discuss implications of HIV-related stigma for the mental and physical health of HIV-positive women and men and suggestions for possible interventions to address stigma in the healthcare setting...
  20. pmc The association of stigma with self-reported access to medical care and antiretroviral therapy adherence in persons living with HIV/AIDS
    Jennifer N Sayles
    Division of General Internal Medicine and Health Services Research, David Geffen School of Medicine at University of California Los Angeles, 911 Broxton Ave, Los Angeles, CA 90024, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 24:1101-8. 2009
    ..The stigma of HIV-infection may profoundly affect the lives of persons living with HIV/AIDS (PLHA). However few studies have examined the association of HIV stigma with multiple components of HIV treatment and care...
  21. ncbi request reprint Measuring medication: do interviews agree with medical record and pharmacy data?
    P Todd Korthuis
    Greater Los Angeles VA Health Care System, UCLA, Building 500, Room 3233, 11301 Wilshire Boulevard 111G, Los Angeles, CA 90073, USA
    Med Care 40:1270-82. 2002
    ..Medication measurement is crucial in assessing quality for chronic conditions yet agreement of alternate data sources remains uncertain...
  22. pmc Effect of violence on utilization of services and access to care in persons with HIV
    David P Eisenman
    Division of General Internal Medicine and Health Services Research, Department of Medicine, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, Calif, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 18:125-7. 2003
    ..06 to 3.18), and having poor ability to access medical specialists (OR, 1.96; 95% CI, 1.05 to 3.67). Further research is required to understand the association of violence with health care among gay/bisexual men with HIV/AIDS...
  23. pmc Disparities in HIV treatment and physician attitudes about delaying protease inhibitors for nonadherent patients
    Mitchell D Wong
    Division of General Internal Medicine and Health Services Research, University of California, Los Angeles, California 90095 1736, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 19:366-74. 2004
    ..Current HIV treatment guidelines recommend delaying antiretroviral therapy for nonadherent patients, which some fear may disproportionately affect certain populations and contribute to disparities in care...
  24. pmc HIV prevalence among foreign- and US-born clients of public STD clinics
    Nina T Harawa
    Los Angeles County Department of Health Services, HIV Epidemiology Program, Los Angeles, CA 90005, USA
    Am J Public Health 92:1958-63. 2002
    ..We examined differences in HIV seroprevalence and the likely timing of HIV infection by birth region...
  25. pmc Using arrest charge to screen for undiagnosed HIV infection among new arrestees: a study in Los Angeles County
    Nina T Harawa
    Department of Research, Charles Drew University of Medicine and Science, Los Angeles, California 90059, USA
    J Correct Health Care 15:105-17. 2009
    ..Using arrest charge to target screening may efficiently increase HIV diagnosis in jail inmates where universal HIV screening is not possible...
  26. pmc Future HIV vaccine acceptability among young adults in South Africa
    Jennifer N Sayles
    UCLA Division of General Internal Medicine, 911Broxton Plaza, Los Angeles, CA 90024, USA
    Health Educ Behav 37:193-210. 2010
    ..Implications of these findings for developing HIV vaccine dissemination strategies and policy in South Africa are discussed...
  27. ncbi request reprint Associations of race/ethnicity with HIV prevalence and HIV-related behaviors among young men who have sex with men in 7 urban centers in the United States
    Nina T Harawa
    County of Los Angeles, Department of Health Services, Los Angeles, CA 90005, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 35:526-36. 2004
    ..Prevention programs should address risks in steady partnerships, target young men before sexual initiation with male partners, and tailor interventions to men of color and of lower socioeconomic status...
  28. ncbi request reprint Changes in symptoms and health-related quality of life in a nationally representative sample of adults in treatment for HIV
    Karl A Lorenz
    Veterans Integrated Palliative Program, Division of General Internal Medicine, VA Greater Los Angeles Healthcare System, Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, CA 90073, USA
    Qual Life Res 15:951-8. 2006
    ..In conclusion, among HIV-infected patients, symptoms are significantly related to HRQOL over time. The functioning and well-being of patients with HIV is inextricably linked to the symptoms they experience...
  29. pmc Does racial concordance between HIV-positive patients and their physicians affect the time to receipt of protease inhibitors?
    William D King
    UCLA Robert Wood Johnson Clinical Scholars Program, School of Public Health, UCLA, Los Angeles, CA 90095 1736, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 19:1146-53. 2004
    ..Why racial disparities in antiretroviral use exist is not completely understood. We examined whether racial concordance (patients and providers having the same race) affects the time of receipt of protease inhibitors...
  30. ncbi request reprint Do differences in relationship and partner attributes explain disparities in sexually transmitted disease among young white and black women?
    Nina T Harawa
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, USA
    J Adolesc Health 32:187-91. 2003
    ..Although characteristics of sexual partners and relationships often differed by race, this did not explain racial disparities in STDs...
  31. pmc The association of access to medical care with regular source of care and sociodemographic characteristics in patients with HIV and tuberculosis
    M Rosa Solorio
    UCLA Department of Family Medicine, West Los Angeles Veteran s Affairs Medical Center, USA
    J Natl Med Assoc 94:581-9. 2002
    ..To examine satisfaction with access to health care in two populations, one with HIV and one with TB, and examine the effect of having a regular doctor and sociodemographic characteristics...
  32. ncbi request reprint Participation in research and access to experimental treatments by HIV-infected patients
    Allen L Gifford
    Center for Research in Patient Oriented Care and the Quality Enhancement Research Initiative in HIV, Veterans Affairs San Diego Healthcare System, and the University of California, San Diego, California 92161, USA
    N Engl J Med 346:1373-82. 2002
    ..Although there is concern that minority groups and women are underrepresented in research involving patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, the available data are inconclusive...
  33. ncbi request reprint Response to symptoms among a U.S. national probability sample of adults infected with human immunodeficiency virus
    Amy M Kilbourne
    Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion, VA Pittsburgh Healthcare System, USA
    Med Care Res Rev 59:36-58. 2002
    ..Vulnerable groups were no less likely to use services for HIV-related symptoms when need for care was considered. However, disparities may exist for symptom-specific care among HIV infected persons covered by public or HMO insurance...
  34. ncbi request reprint Do specialist self-referral insurance policies improve access to HIV-experienced physicians as a regular source of care?
    Kevin C Heslin
    Charles R Drew University of Medicine and Science, USA
    Med Care Res Rev 62:583-600. 2005
    ..Insurance policies allowing self-referral to specialists may result in HIV patients seeing physicians with clinical expertise relevant to HIV care...
  35. ncbi request reprint The impact of HIV on oral health and subsequent use of dental services
    Aram Dobalian
    Department of Health Services Administration, University of Florida, PO Box 100195, Gainesville, FL 32610 0195, USA
    J Public Health Dent 63:78-85. 2003
    ..This study examined differences in health and access to dental services among a nationally representative sample of patients with HIV using Andersen's Behavioral Model of Health Services Use...
  36. ncbi request reprint Factors associated with engaging socially marginalized HIV-positive persons in primary care
    Maureen H Rumptz
    Program Design and Evaluation Services, Multnomah County Health Department, Portland, Oregon 97232, USA
    AIDS Patient Care STDS 21:S30-9. 2007
    ....
  37. ncbi request reprint Making the connection: the importance of engagement and retention in HIV medical care
    Carol Tobias
    Health and Disability Working Group, Boston University School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 02210, USA
    AIDS Patient Care STDS 21:S3-8. 2007
    ..Interventions to engage and retain underserved populations living with HIV in medical care are essential to ensure access to medical care and to reduce disparities in health outcomes...
  38. ncbi request reprint Utilization of health care services in hard-to-reach marginalized HIV-infected individuals
    Chinazo O Cunningham
    Montefiore Medical Center Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York 10467, USA
    AIDS Patient Care STDS 21:177-86. 2007
    ..These findings support HIV multidisciplinary care with marginalized populations. Understanding factors associated with health care utilization is essential for outreach programs to facilitate engagement in HIV care...
  39. ncbi request reprint The impact of managed care on access to highly active antiretroviral therapy and on outcomes among Medicaid beneficiaries with AIDS
    David S Zingmond
    University of California Los Angeles, USA
    Med Care Res Rev 64:66-82. 2007
    ..Before making changes to care delivery, policy makers should address the potential costs and benefits of MCP over FFS Medicaid for chronically ill beneficiaries...
  40. pmc Racial and ethnic disparities in access to physicians with HIV-related expertise
    Kevin C Heslin
    Research Center in Minority Institutions, Charles R Drew University of Medicine and Science, Lynwood, CA 90262, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 20:283-9. 2005
    ..Although it is known that racial/ethnic minorities generally have worse access to care than do whites, previous work has not examined disparities in the use of physicians with HIV-related expertise...
  41. pmc Perceived discrimination in clinical care in a nationally representative sample of HIV-infected adults receiving health care
    Mark A Schuster
    RAND, Santa Monica, CA 90407 2138, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 20:807-13. 2005
    ..Perceived discrimination in clinical settings could discourage HIV-infected people from seeking health care, adhering to treatment regimens, or returning for follow-up...
  42. pmc HIV vaccine acceptability among communities at risk: the impact of vaccine characteristics
    Peter A Newman
    Centre for Applied Social Research, University of Toronto, Faculty of Social Work, 246 Bloor Street West, Toronto, Ont, Canada M5S 1A1
    Vaccine 24:2094-101. 2006
    ..Low acceptability of "partial efficacy" vaccines may present obstacles to future HIV vaccine dissemination. Educational and social marketing interventions may be necessary to ensure broad HIV vaccine uptake...
  43. ncbi request reprint Type and pattern of illicit drug use and access to health care services for HIV-infected people
    Nancy L Sohler
    Sophie Davis School of Biomedical Education, City College of New York, New York, New York 10031, USA
    AIDS Patient Care STDS 21:S68-76. 2007
    ..We conclude that health care utilization is poorer for people who use illicit drugs than those who do not, and stopping drug use may facilitate improvements in health care utilization and HIV outcomes for this population...
  44. ncbi request reprint The relationship between type of mental health provider and met and unmet mental health needs in a nationally representative sample of HIV-positive patients
    Stephanie L Taylor
    RAND, PO Box 2138, Santa Monica, CA 90407, USA
    J Behav Health Serv Res 31:149-63. 2004
    ..The findings underscore that the differential mental health service provision between specialists and GMPs existing in the general population also is present among persons with HIV...

Research Grants5

  1. Post-trial HIV Vaccines: Receptivity, Risk & Disparities
    William Cunningham; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....
  2. Effectiveness of Peer Navigation to Link Released HIV+ Jail Inmates to HIV Care
    WILLIAM EMERY CUNNINGHAM; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..We will implement the adapted intervention in a fully powered RCT with 176 intervention subjects and 176 controls. The study will be conducted among HIV+ male ex-inmates who are being released from the Los Angeles County Jail System. ..