Peter Cummings

Summary

Affiliation: University of Washington
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint State gun safe storage laws and child mortality due to firearms
    P Cummings
    Harborview Injury Prevention and Research Center, University of Washington, Seattle 98104 2499, USA
    JAMA 278:1084-6. 1997
  2. ncbi request reprint Responding to reviewers' comments on submitted articles
    Peter Cummings
    Harborview Injury Prevention and Research Center, 325 Ninth Ave, Box 359960, Seattle, WA 98104 2499, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 156:105-7. 2002
  3. pmc Statistical and design issues in studies of groups
    P Cummings
    Harborview Injury Prevention and Research Center and the Department of Epidemiology, University of Washington, Seattle 98104 2499, USA
    Inj Prev 8:6-7. 2002
  4. ncbi request reprint Matched cohort methods for injury research
    Peter Cummings
    Harborview Injury Prevention and Research Center, Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA
    Epidemiol Rev 25:43-50. 2003
  5. pmc Association of driver air bags with driver fatality: a matched cohort study
    Peter Cummings
    Harborview Injury Prevention and Research Center, 325 Ninth Avenue, Box 359960, Seattle, WA 98104 2499, USA
    BMJ 324:1119-22. 2002
  6. ncbi request reprint Car occupant death according to the restraint use of other occupants: a matched cohort study
    Peter Cummings
    Harborview Injury Prevention and Research Center, University of Washington, Seattle, USA
    JAMA 291:343-9. 2004
  7. pmc Association of seat belt use with death: a comparison of estimates based on data from police and estimates based on data from trained crash investigators
    P Cummings
    Harborview Injury Prevention and Research Center and the Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98104, USA
    Inj Prev 8:338-41. 2002
  8. ncbi request reprint Matched-pair cohort methods in traffic crash research
    Peter Cummings
    Harborview Injury Prevention and Research Center, 325 Ninth Avenue, P O Box 359960, Seattle, WA 98104 2499, USA
    Accid Anal Prev 35:131-41. 2003
  9. ncbi request reprint Estimating seat belt effectiveness using matched-pair cohort methods
    Peter Cummings
    Harborview Injury Prevention and Research Center, 325 Ninth Avenue, Box 359960, Seattle, WA 98104 2499, USA
    Accid Anal Prev 35:143-9. 2003
  10. ncbi request reprint Misconceptions regarding case-control studies of bicycle helmets and head injury
    Peter Cummings
    Harborview Injury Prevention and Research Center, University of Washington, Seattle, USA
    Accid Anal Prev 38:636-43. 2006

Detail Information

Publications73

  1. ncbi request reprint State gun safe storage laws and child mortality due to firearms
    P Cummings
    Harborview Injury Prevention and Research Center, University of Washington, Seattle 98104 2499, USA
    JAMA 278:1084-6. 1997
    ..These laws are controversial, and their effect on firearm-related injuries is unknown...
  2. ncbi request reprint Responding to reviewers' comments on submitted articles
    Peter Cummings
    Harborview Injury Prevention and Research Center, 325 Ninth Ave, Box 359960, Seattle, WA 98104 2499, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 156:105-7. 2002
  3. pmc Statistical and design issues in studies of groups
    P Cummings
    Harborview Injury Prevention and Research Center and the Department of Epidemiology, University of Washington, Seattle 98104 2499, USA
    Inj Prev 8:6-7. 2002
  4. ncbi request reprint Matched cohort methods for injury research
    Peter Cummings
    Harborview Injury Prevention and Research Center, Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA
    Epidemiol Rev 25:43-50. 2003
  5. pmc Association of driver air bags with driver fatality: a matched cohort study
    Peter Cummings
    Harborview Injury Prevention and Research Center, 325 Ninth Avenue, Box 359960, Seattle, WA 98104 2499, USA
    BMJ 324:1119-22. 2002
    ..To estimate the association of driver air bag presence with driver fatality in road traffic crashes...
  6. ncbi request reprint Car occupant death according to the restraint use of other occupants: a matched cohort study
    Peter Cummings
    Harborview Injury Prevention and Research Center, University of Washington, Seattle, USA
    JAMA 291:343-9. 2004
    ..A car occupant could be killed if struck by another occupant who was catapulted forward, backward, or sideways in a crash...
  7. pmc Association of seat belt use with death: a comparison of estimates based on data from police and estimates based on data from trained crash investigators
    P Cummings
    Harborview Injury Prevention and Research Center and the Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98104, USA
    Inj Prev 8:338-41. 2002
    ..The aim of this study was to determine whether estimates of seat belt effectiveness differed when based on belt use as recorded by the police and belt use determined by trained crash investigators...
  8. ncbi request reprint Matched-pair cohort methods in traffic crash research
    Peter Cummings
    Harborview Injury Prevention and Research Center, 325 Ninth Avenue, P O Box 359960, Seattle, WA 98104 2499, USA
    Accid Anal Prev 35:131-41. 2003
    ..This paper reviews some of the strengths and limitations of each of these methods, and illustrates their use in simulated and real crash data...
  9. ncbi request reprint Estimating seat belt effectiveness using matched-pair cohort methods
    Peter Cummings
    Harborview Injury Prevention and Research Center, 325 Ninth Avenue, Box 359960, Seattle, WA 98104 2499, USA
    Accid Anal Prev 35:143-9. 2003
    ..We conclude that estimates of seat belt effects based upon data prior to 1986 may be biased toward 1 by misclassification...
  10. ncbi request reprint Misconceptions regarding case-control studies of bicycle helmets and head injury
    Peter Cummings
    Harborview Injury Prevention and Research Center, University of Washington, Seattle, USA
    Accid Anal Prev 38:636-43. 2006
    ..In this manuscript we review case-control study design, particularly as it applies to bicycle helmet studies, and review some aspects of the analysis of case-control data...
  11. pmc Ability of parents to recall the injuries of their young children
    P Cummings
    Harborview Injury Prevention and Research Center and the Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington State, USA
    Inj Prev 11:43-7. 2005
    ..To estimate the ability of parents to recall the injuries of their children...
  12. pmc Trends in childhood injury mortality in Canada, 1979-2002
    S Y Pan
    Evidence and Risk Assessment Division, Centre of Chronic Disease Prevention and Control, Public Health Agency of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    Inj Prev 12:155-60. 2006
    ..To examine national trends in mortality rates for injuries among Canadian children younger than 15 years in 1979-2002...
  13. doi request reprint The relative merits of risk ratios and odds ratios
    Peter Cummings
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health and Community Medicine, and Harborview Injury Prevention and Research Center, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 163:438-45. 2009
    ..Because odds ratios are not collapsible, they usually lack any interpretation either as the change in average odds or the average change in odds (the average odds ratio)...
  14. pmc A correction: how I fixed my mistake
    P Cummings
    Inj Prev 13:362-3. 2007
  15. ncbi request reprint Trends in firearm-related injuries in Washington State, 1989-1995
    P Cummings
    Harborview Injury Prevention and Research Center, University of Washington, Seattle, USA
    Ann Emerg Med 32:37-43. 1998
    ..To describe the incidence and outcome of firearm-related injuries and to describe trends over time...
  16. pmc Drowsiness, counter-measures to drowsiness, and the risk of a motor vehicle crash
    P Cummings
    Harborview Injury Prevention and Research Center and the Department of Epidemiology, University of Washington, Seattle 98104 2499, USA
    Inj Prev 7:194-9. 2001
    ..This study sought to estimate how drowsiness related factors, and factors that might counteract drowsiness, are related to the risk of a crash...
  17. ncbi request reprint Antilock brakes and the risk of driver injury in a crash: a case-control study
    Peter Cummings
    Harborview Injury Prevention and Research Center and the Department of Epidemiology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA
    Accid Anal Prev 39:995-1000. 2007
    ..06 (95% confidence interval, 0.95-1.17), compared with a vehicle without antilock brakes. If this estimated association is causal, antilock brakes do not prevent crash-related driver injuries...
  18. ncbi request reprint Trends in unintentional drowning: the role of alcohol and medical care
    P Cummings
    Harborview Injury Prevention and Research Center, Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle 98104 2499, USA
    JAMA 281:2198-202. 1999
    ..It has been hypothesized that this decline may be due to decreased use of alcohol in and around water or improved medical treatment after a submersion...
  19. doi request reprint Propensity scores
    Peter Cummings
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 162:734-7. 2008
  20. ncbi request reprint Predicting major hemorrhage in patients with pelvic fracture
    C Craig Blackmore
    Harborview Injury Prevention and Research Center, University of Washington School of Public Health and Community Medicine, Seattle, Washington 98104, USA
    J Trauma 61:346-52. 2006
    ..The objective of this study is to use information available upon presentation to the trauma center to develop a clinical prediction rule to identify subjects with pelvic fracture who are at high risk of major hemorrhage...
  21. pmc Severe injury among Hispanic and non-Hispanic white children in Washington state
    Catherine J Karr
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, WA 98195 9739, USA
    Public Health Rep 120:19-24. 2005
    ..This study describes injury incidence and severity among Hispanic and non-Hispanic white infants, children, and adolescents with serious traumatic injuries in Washington State...
  22. doi request reprint Injuries of the head, face, and neck in relation to ski helmet use
    Beth A Mueller
    Harborview Injury Prevention and Research Center, School of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA
    Epidemiology 19:270-6. 2008
    ..We studied the association of helmet use with injuries of the head, face, and neck among skiers and snowboarders involved in falls and collisions...
  23. ncbi request reprint Association of helmet use with death in motorcycle crashes: a matched-pair cohort study
    Daniel C Norvell
    Harborview Injury Prevention and Research Center, Seattle, WA 98104, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 156:483-7. 2002
    ..The authors suggest that conditional Poisson regression is useful for the analysis of traffic crash data, where occupants are naturally matched in a vehicle and where crash-related confounders may be difficult or impossible to measure...
  24. ncbi request reprint Emergency department analgesia for fracture pain
    Julie C Brown
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Washington, School of Medicine and the Children s Hospital and Regional Medical Center, Seattle, WA 98105, USA
    Ann Emerg Med 42:197-205. 2003
    ..Among children, we compare treatment between pediatric and nonpediatric facilities...
  25. ncbi request reprint Association of alcohol-related laws with deaths due to motor vehicle and motorcycle crashes in the United States, 1980-1997
    Andres Villaveces
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 157:131-40. 2003
    ..86, 0.90) and administrative license revocation laws (adjusted RR = 0.95, 95% CI: 0.93, 0.98). Overall motorcycle mortality was lower when administrative license revocation laws were in effect (adjusted RR = 0.95, 95% CI: 0.92, 0.98)...
  26. ncbi request reprint Association of first- and second-generation air bags with front occupant death in car crashes: a matched cohort study
    Carin M Olson
    Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, 98195, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 164:161-9. 2006
    ..10 (95% CI: 0.63, 1.93) (p = 0.20 for comparison of aRRs). The differences in aRRs between first- and second-generation air bags among other subgroups were small and not statistically significant...
  27. ncbi request reprint Air bags and passenger fatality according to passenger age and restraint use
    Peter Cummings
    Harborview Injury Prevention and Research Center, Seattle, WA 98104, USA
    Epidemiology 13:525-32. 2002
    ..Some children have been killed by air bags, leading to advice that young children should not sit in front of an active air bag...
  28. ncbi request reprint Comparison of reporting of seat belt use by police and crash investigators: variation in agreement by injury severity
    Melissa A Schiff
    Harborview Injury Prevention and Research Center, University of Washington, 325 Ninth Avenue, Box 359960, Seattle, WA 98104 2499, USA
    Accid Anal Prev 36:961-5. 2004
    ..To evaluate agreement between police and trained investigators regarding seat belt use by crash victims, according to injury severity...
  29. pmc Smoking before the first pregnancy and the risk of breast cancer: a meta-analysis
    Lisa A DeRoo
    Division of Public Health Sciences, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, Washington, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 174:390-402. 2011
    ..While these small summary risk ratios may represent causal effects, residual confounding could readily produce estimates of this size in the absence of any causal effect...
  30. ncbi request reprint Association of hospital trauma designation with admission patterns of injured children
    Monica S Vavilala
    Department of Anesthesiology, University of Washington School of Medicine, Harborview Medical Center, Seattle, Washington 98104 2499, USA
    J Trauma 57:119-24; discussion 124. 2004
    ..The purpose of this study was to estimate whether formal adoption of a statewide trauma system was associated with hospital admission patterns of injured children...
  31. ncbi request reprint A comparison of reviewers selected by editors and reviewers suggested by authors
    Frederick P Rivara
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98104, USA
    J Pediatr 151:202-5. 2007
    ..To compare reviews done by editor-selected reviewers with reviews by author-suggested reviewers, examining the quality, timeliness, and recommendations of the 2 sets of reviewers...
  32. ncbi request reprint Observational studies in radiology
    C Craig Blackmore
    Department of Radiology, Harborview Medical Center and Harborview Injury Prevention and Research Center, University of Washington, Box 359728, 325 Ninth Ave, Seattle, WA 98104, USA
    AJR Am J Roentgenol 183:1203-8. 2004
  33. ncbi request reprint Ampicillin use in infant fever: a systematic review
    Julie C Brown
    Division of General Academic Pediatrics, Department of Pediatrics, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98105 0371, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 156:27-32. 2002
    ..To estimate the prevalence of perinatal Listeria monocytogenes and enterococcal infections in outpatient febrile infants and to evaluate the need to treat with ampicillin...
  34. ncbi request reprint Passenger seating position and the risk of passenger death or injury in traffic crashes
    Kathleen M Smith
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Mary Bridge Children s Hospital, 315 Martin Luther King Jr Way, Tacoma, WA 98405 0987, USA
    Accid Anal Prev 36:257-60. 2004
    ..To estimate the association of passenger seat position with the risk of death and serious injury for passengers in traffic crashes...
  35. pmc Passenger seating position and the risk of passenger death in traffic crashes: a matched cohort study
    K M Smith
    Harborview Injury Prevention and Research Center, Seattle, WA 98104, USA
    Inj Prev 12:83-6. 2006
    ..To estimate the association of passenger seating position with the risk of death for passengers in traffic crashes. Design, setting,..
  36. ncbi request reprint Comparison of three instructional methods for teaching cardiopulmonary resuscitation and use of an automatic external defibrillator to high school students
    S Reder
    Resuscitation 69:443-53. 2006
    ..To evaluate new instructional methods for teaching high school students cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and automated external defibrillator (AED) knowledge, actions and skills...
  37. pmc Changes in traffic crash mortality rates attributed to use of alcohol, or lack of a seat belt, air bag, motorcycle helmet, or bicycle helmet, United States, 1982-2001
    P Cummings
    Harborview Injury Prevention and Research Center and the Department of Epidemiology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA
    Inj Prev 12:148-54. 2006
    ....
  38. ncbi request reprint Firearm safety counseling in primary care pediatrics: a randomized, controlled trial
    D C Grossman
    Harborview Injury Prevention and Research Center, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98104, USA
    Pediatrics 106:22-6. 2000
    ..Physicians have been encouraged to counsel families about risks associated with gun ownership, but the effectiveness of physician counseling regarding gun safety is unknown...
  39. pmc Injuries and death of children in rollover motor vehicle crashes in the United States
    F P Rivara
    Harborview Injury Prevention and Research Center and Departments of Pediatrics and Epidemiology, University of Washington, WA 91804, USA
    Inj Prev 9:76-80. 2003
    ..There is an increased awareness of the problem of rollover crashes, but few data on children involved in rollover crashes in the United States...
  40. ncbi request reprint The effect of organized systems of trauma care on motor vehicle crash mortality
    A B Nathens
    Department of Surgery, Harborview Medical Center, University of Washington, Seattle 98104 2499, USA
    JAMA 283:1990-4. 2000
    ..Despite calls for wider national implementation of an integrated approach to trauma care, the effectiveness of this approach at a regional or state level remains unproven...
  41. ncbi request reprint Effect of a ban on carrying firearms on homicide rates in 2 Colombian cities
    A Villaveces
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health and Community Medicine, and the Harborview Injury Prevention and Research Center, University of Washington, Seattle, USA
    JAMA 283:1205-9. 2000
    ..Homicide is a leading cause of death in Colombia, with much of the fatal interpersonal violence concentrated in the country's largest cities. Firearms are involved in as much as 80% of homicides in Colombia...
  42. pmc Psychiatric illness and subsequent traumatic brain injury: a case control study
    J R Fann
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA
    J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 72:615-20. 2002
    ..To determine whether psychiatric illness is a risk factor for subsequent traumatic brain injury (TBI)...
  43. pmc Characteristics of drowning by different age groups
    L Quan
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, Washington, USA
    Inj Prev 9:163-8. 2003
    ..While it is known that the risk of unintentional drowning varies with age, the manner in which drowning episode characteristics vary by age has not been well described. Such information might be useful for prevention...
  44. pmc Incidence and outcome of injury in Ghana: a community-based survey
    C N Mock
    Department of Surgery, University of Washington, Seattle, USA
    Bull World Health Organ 77:955-64. 1999
    ..In rural areas, agricultural injuries contributed the largest burden of morbidity, and should be a priority for prevention efforts...
  45. ncbi request reprint Predictors of physician compliance with a published guideline on management of febrile infants
    D M Zerr
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Washington, Seattle, USA
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 18:232-8. 1999
    ....
  46. pmc Smoking during first pregnancy and breast cancer: a case-control study using Washington State registry data
    Lisa A DeRoo
    Division of Public Health Sciences, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 21:53-5. 2011
    ..To examine whether smoking during first pregnancy, a time of potential vulnerability to tobacco mutagens, is associated with breast cancer...
  47. ncbi request reprint Do parents value drowning prevention information at discharge from the emergency department?
    L Quan
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, WA, USA
    Ann Emerg Med 37:382-5. 2001
    ..We determined parent recall and perceived usefulness of drowning prevention messages included in routine computer-generated discharge instructions...
  48. ncbi request reprint Studying injuries with case-control methods in the emergency department
    P Cummings
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Community Medicine and Public Health, University of Washington, Seattle, USA
    Ann Emerg Med 31:99-105. 1998
    ..With careful attention to the selection of study subjects, valid case-control studies of the causes of some injuries can be conducted in the ED...
  49. ncbi request reprint Erectile dysfunction after a long-distance cycling event: associations with bicycle characteristics
    Joseph R Dettori
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of Washington and Department of Urology, Virginia Mason Medical Center, Seattle, USA
    J Urol 172:637-41. 2004
    ..We conducted a prospective cohort study to examine the relationship between bicycle characteristics and the occurrence of erectile dysfunction...
  50. ncbi request reprint Association between acute and chronic graft-versus-host disease and bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia in recipients of hematopoietic stem cell transplants
    Todd D Freudenberger
    Department of Medicine, School of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA
    Blood 102:3822-8. 2003
    ..These results have important implications for the care of patients who develop respiratory symptoms after HSC transplantation and may help elucidate the pathogenesis of idiopathic BOOP...
  51. ncbi request reprint Cervical spine injuries among submersion victims
    R S Watson
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Washington School of Public Health and Community Medicine, Seattle, Washington, USA
    J Trauma 51:658-62. 2001
    ..We hypothesized that C-spine injury is unlikely in submersion victims who do not sustain high-impact injuries...
  52. doi request reprint Missing data and multiple imputation
    Peter Cummings
    Department of Epidemiology and Harborview Injury Prevention and Research Center, University of Washington, Seattle, USA
    JAMA Pediatr 167:656-61. 2013
    ..When describing study results, authors should disclose the amount of missing data and other details. Investigators should consider how to minimize missing data when planning a study. ..
  53. ncbi request reprint Reviewing manuscripts for Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine
    Peter Cummings
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 156:11-3. 2002
  54. ncbi request reprint Effectiveness of a community-based multifactorial intervention on falls and fall risk factors in community-living older adults: a randomized, controlled trial
    Anne Shumway-Cook
    Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
    J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 62:1420-7. 2007
    ..The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a 12-month community-based intervention on falls and risk factors (balance, lower extremity strength, and mobility) in community-living older adults...
  55. ncbi request reprint Assessment of volume of hemorrhage and outcome from pelvic fracture
    C Craig Blackmore
    Harborview Injury Prevention and Research Center, Department of Radiology, Harborview Medical Center, Seattle 98104, USA
    Arch Surg 138:504-8; discussion 508-9. 2003
    ..Measurement of pelvic hemorrhage on computed tomographic (CT) scans can estimate the pelvic fracture component of total patient blood loss and predict the need for angiography...
  56. ncbi request reprint Predicting time to subsequent pregnancy
    Rachel Gold
    Department of Epidemiology, Washington State Department of Social and Health Services, Division of Research and Data Analysis, University of Washington UW School of Public and Community Medicine, Portland, Oregon, 97239, USA
    Matern Child Health J 9:219-28. 2005
    ..Women in poverty may benefit from avoiding closely spaced pregnancies. This study sought to identify predictive factors that could identify women at risk for closely spaced pregnancies...
  57. ncbi request reprint Do "whiplash" victims with neck pain differ from those with neck pain and other symptoms?
    A F Tencer
    Orthopedic Sciences Laboratory, Harborview Medical Center, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA
    Annu Proc Assoc Adv Automot Med 45:203-14. 2001
    ..Odds ratios (OR) were derived from logistic regression. Only pre-existing lumbar spinal degeneration was associated with having arm symptoms (OR = 9.6, CI = 1.1, 83.6) or low back pain (OR = 23.3, CI = 2.6, 206.7) along with neck pain...
  58. ncbi request reprint Risk factors for pilot fatalities in general aviation airplane crash landings
    P S Rostykus
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Washington School of Public Health and Community Medicine, Seattle, USA
    JAMA 280:997-9. 1998
    ..Most pilots survive airplane crash landings in small airplanes. Factors associated with pilot death have not been well studied...
  59. doi request reprint Re: "Using head-on collisions to compare risk of driver death by frontal air bag generation: a matched-pair cohort study"
    Carin M Olson
    Am J Epidemiol 167:885-6; author reply 886-7. 2008
  60. pmc Association of rear seat safety belt use with death in a traffic crash: a matched cohort study
    Motao Zhu
    Bureau of Injury Prevention, New York State Department of Health, Albany, New York 12204, USA
    Inj Prev 13:183-5. 2007
    ..To estimate the association of rear seat safety belt use with death in a traffic crash...
  61. ncbi request reprint Re: "Estimating the relative risk in cohort studies and clinical trials of common outcomes"
    Peter Cummings
    Am J Epidemiol 159:213; author reply 214-5. 2004
  62. ncbi request reprint Effects of differences between peer reviewers suggested by authors and by editors
    Peter Cummings
    JAMA 296:1231; author reply 1231-2. 2006
  63. ncbi request reprint The association of third molars with mandibular angle fractures: a meta-analysis
    Beate P Hanson
    AO Clinical Investigation and Documentation, AO ASIF Center, Davos Platz, Switzerland
    J Can Dent Assoc 70:39-43. 2004
    ..To estimate the relative risk of mandibular angle fractures among people with a lower third molar compared with those without a lower third molar...
  64. ncbi request reprint Meta-analysis based on standardized effects is unreliable
    Peter Cummings
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 158:595-7. 2004
  65. ncbi request reprint Early exposure to marijuana and risk of later drug use
    Peter Cummings
    JAMA 290:329; author reply 330-1. 2003
  66. ncbi request reprint External hip protectors and risk of hip fracture
    Peter Cummings
    JAMA 290:884; author reply 884-5. 2003
  67. ncbi request reprint Writing informative abstracts for journal articles
    Peter Cummings
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 158:1086-8. 2004
  68. ncbi request reprint Freeway speed limits and traffic fatalities in Washington State
    Eric M Ossiander
    Washington State Department of Health, Olympia 98504 7812, USA
    Accid Anal Prev 34:13-8. 2002
    ..In 1987 individual states in the USA were allowed to raise speed limits on rural freeways from 55 to 65 mph. Analyses of the impact of the increased speed limits on highway safety have produced conflicting results...
  69. ncbi request reprint Reporting statistical information in medical journal articles
    Peter Cummings
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 157:321-4. 2003
  70. ncbi request reprint Studies should report estimates of treatment effects with confidence intervals
    Peter Cummings
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 161:518-9. 2007
  71. pmc Loperamide therapy for acute diarrhea in children: systematic review and meta-analysis
    Su Ting T Li
    Department of Pediatrics, University of California Davis, Sacramento, California, United States of America
    PLoS Med 4:e98. 2007
    ..Loperamide is widely used in adults for acute diarrhea. However, its use in children has been discouraged by the World Health Organization and the American Academy of Pediatrics owing to concerns over safety and efficacy in young children...
  72. ncbi request reprint Publication bias: the problem and some suggestions
    Frederick P Rivara
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 156:424-5. 2002
  73. ncbi request reprint Hip protectors and hip fracture
    Peter Cummings
    JAMA 298:2139; author reply 2139. 2007