M A Croce

Summary

Affiliation: University of Tennessee
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint A formula for prediction of posttraumatic pneumonia based on early anatomic and physiologic parameters
    Martin A Croce
    Department of Surgery, University of Tennessee, Memphis 38163, USA
    J Trauma 54:724-9; discussion 729-30. 2003
  2. ncbi request reprint Does gender difference influence outcome?
    Martin A Croce
    Department of Surgery, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis 38163, USA
    J Trauma 53:889-94. 2002
  3. ncbi request reprint Transfusions result in pulmonary morbidity and death after a moderate degree of injury
    Martin A Croce
    Department of Surgery, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, TN 38163, USA
    J Trauma 59:19-23; discussion 23-4. 2005
  4. ncbi request reprint The appropriate diagnostic threshold for ventilator-associated pneumonia using quantitative cultures
    Martin A Croce
    Department of Surgery, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, Tennessee, USA
    J Trauma 56:931-4; discussion 934-6. 2004
  5. pmc Does optimal timing for spine fracture fixation exist?
    M A Croce
    Department of Surgery, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, Tennessee 38163, USA
    Ann Surg 233:851-8. 2001
  6. doi request reprint Impact of motorcycle helmets and state laws on society's burden: a national study
    Martin A Croce
    Department of Surgery University of Tennessee Health Science Center Memphis, TN, USA
    Ann Surg 250:390-4. 2009
  7. ncbi request reprint The futility of the clinical pulmonary infection score in trauma patients
    Martin A Croce
    Department of Surgery, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, Tennessee 38163, USA
    J Trauma 60:523-7; discussion 527-8. 2006
  8. doi request reprint Ventilator-associated pneumonia: an overview
    Jennifer M DiCocco
    University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Department of Surgery, 910 Madison Ave 219, Memphis, TN 38163, USA
    Expert Opin Pharmacother 10:1461-7. 2009
  9. ncbi request reprint Early and late acute respiratory distress syndrome: two distinct clinical entities
    M A Croce
    Department of Surgery, Presley Regional Trauma Center, University of Tennessee, Memphis 38163, USA
    J Trauma 46:361-6; discussion 366-8. 1999
  10. doi request reprint Specific abbreviated injury scale values are responsible for the underestimation of mortality in penetrating trauma patients by the injury severity score
    Susan E Rowell
    Department of Surgery, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, Oregon 97227, USA
    J Trauma 71:S384-8. 2011

Detail Information

Publications96

  1. ncbi request reprint A formula for prediction of posttraumatic pneumonia based on early anatomic and physiologic parameters
    Martin A Croce
    Department of Surgery, University of Tennessee, Memphis 38163, USA
    J Trauma 54:724-9; discussion 729-30. 2003
    ..This study was performed to develop an equation that can be applied to estimate the probability of pneumonia based on parameters collected in the early postinjury interval...
  2. ncbi request reprint Does gender difference influence outcome?
    Martin A Croce
    Department of Surgery, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis 38163, USA
    J Trauma 53:889-94. 2002
    ..We evaluated the effect of gender on various outcomes in trauma patients...
  3. ncbi request reprint Transfusions result in pulmonary morbidity and death after a moderate degree of injury
    Martin A Croce
    Department of Surgery, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, TN 38163, USA
    J Trauma 59:19-23; discussion 23-4. 2005
    ....
  4. ncbi request reprint The appropriate diagnostic threshold for ventilator-associated pneumonia using quantitative cultures
    Martin A Croce
    Department of Surgery, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, Tennessee, USA
    J Trauma 56:931-4; discussion 934-6. 2004
    ..The purpose of this study is to determine the optimal diagnostic threshold for VAP diagnosis using quantitative cultures of the BAL effluent...
  5. pmc Does optimal timing for spine fracture fixation exist?
    M A Croce
    Department of Surgery, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, Tennessee 38163, USA
    Ann Surg 233:851-8. 2001
    ..To evaluate the effect of timing of spine fracture fixation on outcome in multiply injured patients...
  6. doi request reprint Impact of motorcycle helmets and state laws on society's burden: a national study
    Martin A Croce
    Department of Surgery University of Tennessee Health Science Center Memphis, TN, USA
    Ann Surg 250:390-4. 2009
    ..To analyze a large national database, the National Trauma Data Bank, regarding the contribution of motorcycle helmet use to outcome and the efficacy of state helmet laws...
  7. ncbi request reprint The futility of the clinical pulmonary infection score in trauma patients
    Martin A Croce
    Department of Surgery, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, Tennessee 38163, USA
    J Trauma 60:523-7; discussion 527-8. 2006
    ..In this study, we evaluated the potential use of CPIS as the sole means for diagnosis of VAP in critically injured patients...
  8. doi request reprint Ventilator-associated pneumonia: an overview
    Jennifer M DiCocco
    University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Department of Surgery, 910 Madison Ave 219, Memphis, TN 38163, USA
    Expert Opin Pharmacother 10:1461-7. 2009
    ..Following these practices will help to decrease multi-resistant strains of bacteria and can improve the morbidity and mortality of VAP...
  9. ncbi request reprint Early and late acute respiratory distress syndrome: two distinct clinical entities
    M A Croce
    Department of Surgery, Presley Regional Trauma Center, University of Tennessee, Memphis 38163, USA
    J Trauma 46:361-6; discussion 366-8. 1999
    ..Pressure-limited and non-pressure-limited ventilatory techniques have been advocated with disparate results. We hypothesized that there are two forms of ARDS, which may account for the conflicting clinical reports...
  10. doi request reprint Specific abbreviated injury scale values are responsible for the underestimation of mortality in penetrating trauma patients by the injury severity score
    Susan E Rowell
    Department of Surgery, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, Oregon 97227, USA
    J Trauma 71:S384-8. 2011
    ..We hypothesized that the mechanism-based difference in mortality could be attributed to certain ISS ranges and specific AIS values by body region...
  11. doi request reprint Gender-based differences in mortality in response to high product ratio massive transfusion
    Susan E Rowell
    Department of Surgery, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, Oregon 97239, USA
    J Trauma 71:S375-9. 2011
    ..This has not been examined independently in women and men. A gender dichotomy in outcome after severe injury is known to exist. This study examined gender-related differences in mortality after high product ratio massive transfusion...
  12. doi request reprint Variations between level I trauma centers in 24-hour mortality in severely injured patients requiring a massive transfusion
    Charles E Wade
    Department of Surgery, and The Center for Translational Injury Research, The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, Texas, USA
    J Trauma 71:S389-93. 2011
    ..We hypothesized differences among centers in 24-hour mortality could predominantly be accounted for by differences in transfusion practices as well as patient characteristics...
  13. ncbi request reprint Is ventilator-associated pneumonia in trauma patients an epiphenomenon or a cause of death?
    Louis J Magnotti
    Department of Surgery, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, Newark, NJ, USA
    Surg Infect (Larchmt) 5:237-42. 2004
    ..We studied patients with less severe injuries (Injury Severity Score, ISS < 25) to determine the impact of VAP on outcomes...
  14. doi request reprint A high fresh frozen plasma: packed red blood cell transfusion ratio decreases mortality in all massively transfused trauma patients regardless of admission international normalized ratio
    Lisa M Brown
    Department of Surgery, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California 94143 0470, USA
    J Trauma 71:S358-63. 2011
    ..Therefore, we hypothesized that patients with elevated International Normalized Ratio (INR) on arrival to the hospital may benefit more from transfusion with a high ratio of FFP:PRBC than those with a lower INR...
  15. doi request reprint Effect of high product ratio massive transfusion on mortality in blunt and penetrating trauma patients
    Susan E Rowell
    Department of Surgery, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, Oregon 97239, USA
    J Trauma 71:S353-7. 2011
    ..This study was performed to determine whether mortality after high product ratio massive transfusion is different in blunt and penetrating trauma patients...
  16. ncbi request reprint Acute respiratory distress syndrome in blunt trauma: identification of independent risk factors
    Preston R Miller
    Department of Surgery, The University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis 38163, USA
    Am Surg 68:845-50; discussion 850-1. 2002
    ..Improvement in understanding of which patients are actually at risk may allow for advances in treatment as well as prevention in the future...
  17. ncbi request reprint The predictive value of preliminary bacterial colony counts from bronchoalveolar lavage in critically ill trauma patients
    Eric W Mueller
    Department of Pharmacy, College of Pharmacy, The University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, Tennessee 38163, USA
    Am Surg 69:749-55; discusiion 755-6. 2003
    ..Empiric antibiotics should be continued until the final results are available in those patients with NG BALs...
  18. ncbi request reprint Identification of early predictors for post-traumatic pneumonia
    M A Croce
    Department of Surgery, Presley Regional Trauma Center, University of Tennessee, Memphis 38163, USA
    Am Surg 67:105-10. 2001
    ..Prompt identification of this high-risk group of patients allows prognostic considerations relative to patient management schemes and targets populations for prophylactic measures or immunomodulation...
  19. ncbi request reprint Effect from multiple episodes of inadequate empiric antibiotic therapy for ventilator-associated pneumonia on morbidity and mortality among critically ill trauma patients
    Eric W Mueller
    Department of Pharmacy, College of Pharmacy, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, Tennessee, USA
    J Trauma 58:94-101. 2005
    ..The impact of inadequate empiric antibiotic therapy (IEAT) may vary among critically ill populations. The purpose of this retrospective study was to determine the effect of IEAT on the outcome for adult trauma patients with VAP...
  20. ncbi request reprint Gastric and extragastric actions of the histamine antagonist ranitidine during posttraumatic sepsis
    R M Stewart
    Department of Surgery Trauma Division, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis 38163
    Surgery 117:68-82. 1995
    ..A few reports suggest that ranitidine might also bind to extragastric sites and/or act as an immunomodulator. The potential effects on posttraumatic sepsis are unknown...
  21. ncbi request reprint Prostanoids: early mediators in the secondary injury that develops after unilateral pulmonary contusion
    K A Davis
    Department of Surgery, University of Tennessee, Memphis, USA
    J Trauma 46:824-31; discussion 831-2. 1999
    ..We have previously shown a sequence of events after unilateral pulmonary contusion that suggests the release of blood-borne prostanoid mediators and that culminates in refractory bilateral pulmonary failure...
  22. ncbi request reprint The effect of bacterial contamination on neointimal hyperplasia in vascular grafts
    Norma M Edwards
    Department of Surgery, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, Tennessee 38163, USA
    Am Surg 72:1168-74; discussion 1174-5. 2006
    ..aeruginosa than common Gram-positive organisms. Increased NH from subclinical infection may be a significant factor contributing to late graft failures...
  23. ncbi request reprint Blunt aortic injury with concomitant intra-abdominal solid organ injury: treatment priorities revisited
    John M Santaniello
    Department of Surgery, Loyola University Medical Center, Stritch School of Medicine, Maywook, Illinois 60153, USA
    J Trauma 53:442-5; discussion 445. 2002
    ..We evaluated the safety of nonoperative management (NOM) of blunt L/S injuries in patients undergoing acute BAI repair with bypass...
  24. ncbi request reprint Accuracy of methods to estimate ionized and "corrected" serum calcium concentrations in critically ill multiple trauma patients receiving specialized nutrition support
    Roland N Dickerson
    Department of Pharmacy, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, 26 South Dunlap St, Room 210, Memphis, TN 38163, USA
    JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr 28:133-41. 2004
    ..Seven of these formulas estimated iCa and 15 were directed toward predicting a "corrected" totCa...
  25. ncbi request reprint ARDS after pulmonary contusion: accurate measurement of contusion volume identifies high-risk patients
    P R Miller
    Department of Surgery, University of Tennessee at Memphis, 38163, USA
    J Trauma 51:223-8; discussion 229-30. 2001
    ..With this project, we examine a method of accurately measuring degree of PC by quantifying contusion volume relative to pulmonary function and outcome...
  26. doi request reprint A normal platelet count may not be enough: the impact of admission platelet count on mortality and transfusion in severely injured trauma patients
    Lisa M Brown
    Department of Surgery, University of California, San Francisco, California, USA
    J Trauma 71:S337-42. 2011
    ..The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between admission platelet count and outcomes after trauma...
  27. pmc Staged management of giant abdominal wall defects: acute and long-term results
    T Wright Jernigan
    Department of Surgery, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, 956 Court Avenue, Suite G228, Memphis, TN 38163, USA
    Ann Surg 238:349-55; discussion 355-7. 2003
    ..The purpose of this report is to analyze our experience with this technique applied to the treatment of patients with open abdomen and giant abdominal wall defects...
  28. ncbi request reprint Minimal aortic injury: a lesion associated with advancing diagnostic techniques
    A K Malhotra
    Department of Surgery, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, Tennessee, USA
    J Trauma 51:1042-8. 2001
    ..Recently, we have used nonoperative therapy as definitive treatment for patients with MAI. The current study examines our institutional experience with these patients from July 1994 to June 2000...
  29. ncbi request reprint Duration of antibiotic therapy for penetrating abdominal trauma: a prospective trial
    T C Fabian
    Department of Surgery, University of Tennessee, Memphis 38163
    Surgery 112:788-94; discussion 794-5. 1992
    ..However, with colon injury and significant degree of injury, abdominal trauma index (ATI) more than 25, concern exists that short-term treatment is not adequate...
  30. ncbi request reprint Failures of splenic nonoperative management: is the glass half empty or half full?
    T K Bee
    Department of Surgery, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, TN 38163, USA
    J Trauma 50:230-6. 2001
    ..Recently reported NOM rates approximate 60%, with failure rates of 10% to 15%. This study evaluated our failures of NOM for BSI relative to these clinical factors...
  31. ncbi request reprint Multiplicity of solid organ injury: influence on management and outcomes after blunt abdominal trauma
    Ajai K Malhotra
    Department of Surgery, Medical College of Virginia, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, 23298, USA
    J Trauma 54:925-9. 2003
    ..The current study was undertaken to examine how concomitant injury to liver and spleen after blunt abdominal trauma affects management and outcomes...
  32. ncbi request reprint Prosthetic vascular conduit in contaminated fields: a new technology to decrease ePTFE infections
    Peter E Fischer
    College of Medicine, Department of Surgery, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, Tennessee, USA
    Am Surg 74:524-8; discussion 528-9. 2008
    ..In vitro, the grafts provide a slow elution of antibiotics that provide resistance from infection by SA and SE for up to 2 weeks after graft insertion...
  33. ncbi request reprint Aerosolized ceftazidime for prevention of ventilator-associated pneumonia and drug effects on the proinflammatory response in critically ill trauma patients
    G Christopher Wood
    Department of Clinical Pharmacy, College of Pharmacy, University of Tennessee, Memphis 38163, USA
    Pharmacotherapy 22:972-82. 2002
    ..To evaluate the safety and efficacy of aerosolized ceftazidime for prevention of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) and to evaluate the effects of the drug on the proinflammatory response...
  34. ncbi request reprint Blunt renal artery injury: incidence, diagnosis, and management
    L M Bruce
    Presley Regional Trauma Center, Department of Surgery, University of Tennessee at Memphis, 38163, USA
    Am Surg 67:550-4; discussion 555-6. 2001
    ..Nonoperative management of unilateral injuries can be successful with a 6 per cent risk for developing renovascular hypertension. The role of endovascular stenting is promising, and further study is necessary...
  35. ncbi request reprint Blunt cerebrovascular injuries: diagnosis and treatment
    P R Miller
    Department of Surgery, University of Tennessee at Memphis, 38163, USA
    J Trauma 51:279-85; discussion 285-6. 2001
    ..Vertebral artery injury (VAI) has been thought both rare and of questionable significance. Incidence, associated injury patterns, and outcomes were examined during a period of aggressive screening (four-vessel angiography)...
  36. doi request reprint Impact of airbags on a Level I trauma center: injury patterns, infectious morbidity, and hospital costs
    Regan F Williams
    Department of Surgery, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, TN 38163, USA
    J Am Coll Surg 206:962-8; discussion 968-9. 2008
    ..We hypothesized that airbag use would be related to decreased injury severity of motor vehicle collision survivors admitted to a Level I trauma center, leading to a decrease in infectious morbidity and hospital resource use...
  37. ncbi request reprint Use of presumptive antibiotics following tube thoracostomy for traumatic hemopneumothorax in the prevention of empyema and pneumonia--a multi-center trial
    Robert A Maxwell
    Department of Surgery, University of Tennessee Chattanooga Unit, Chattanooga, Tennessee, 37403, USA
    J Trauma 57:742-8; discussion 748-9. 2004
    ..To determine whether presumptive antibiotics reduce the risk of empyema or pneumonia following tube thoracostomy for traumatic hemopneumothorax...
  38. ncbi request reprint Current issues in trauma
    Timothy C Fabian
    Department of Surgery, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, Tennessee, USA
    Curr Probl Surg 39:1160-244. 2002
  39. ncbi request reprint Combination therapy that targets secondary pulmonary changes after abdominal trauma
    K A Davis
    Department of Surgery, University of Tennessee, Memphis 38163, USA
    Shock 15:479-84. 2001
    ..This suggests that combination therapy may have beneficial effects on the lung after trauma...
  40. ncbi request reprint Establishing a laparoscopic bariatric program in a safety net hospital
    A K Madan
    Department of Surgery, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, 956 Court Avenue, Room G210, Memphis, TN 38163, USA
    Surg Endosc 21:801-4. 2007
    ..The authors have recently initiated a program at a safety net hospital. This investigation hypothesizes that a laparoscopic bariatric program can be established at a safety net hospital with good clinical and financial results...
  41. doi request reprint Antibiotic-coated ePTFE decreases graft colonization and neointimal hyperplasia
    Peter E Fischer
    Department of Surgery, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, Tennessee 38163, USA
    J Surg Res 156:199-204. 2009
    ..Thus, we hypothesized that the coated grafts would resist infection and have decreased neointimal hyperplasia when used in vivo in a large animal model...
  42. doi request reprint The real risk of splenectomy after discharge home following nonoperative management of blunt splenic injury
    Ben L Zarzaur
    Department of Surgery, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, Tennessee 38163, USA
    J Trauma 66:1531-6; discussion 1536-8. 2009
    ..The purpose of this study was to analyze, using population-based data, the 180-day risk of splenectomy in a clinically relevant sample...
  43. doi request reprint Necessity of repeat head CT and ICU monitoring in patients with minimal brain injury
    Tiffany K Bee
    Critical Care Trauma Division, Department of General Surgery, University of Tennessee, Memphis, Tennessee 38163, USA
    J Trauma 66:1015-8. 2009
    ..In an attempt to better allocate scarce resources, we hypothesized that not only was repeat head CT unnecessary but also routine intensive care unit (ICU) monitoring of these patients with MBI and stable examinations were unnecessary...
  44. doi request reprint Utility of preliminary bronchoalveolar lavage results in suspected ventilator-associated pneumonia
    Joseph M Swanson
    Department of Clinical Pharmacy, College of Pharmacy, The University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, Tennessee 38163, USA
    J Trauma 65:1271-7. 2008
    ..Our objective was to verify the predictive value of pBALs for fBALs, and evaluate the use of insignificant (1-99,999 cfu/mL) pBALs for rapid discontinuation of empirical antibiotics...
  45. doi request reprint Temporary abdominal closure techniques: a prospective randomized trial comparing polyglactin 910 mesh and vacuum-assisted closure
    Tiffany K Bee
    Department of Surgery, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, Tennessee 38163, USA
    J Trauma 65:337-42; discussion 342-4. 2008
    ..Some advocate polyglactin mesh (MESH), while others favor vacuum-assisted closure (VAC). We performed a single institution prospective randomized trial comparing morbidity and mortality differences between MESH and VAC...
  46. doi request reprint Impact of intracranial pressure monitor prophylaxis on central nervous system infections and bacterial multi-drug resistance
    Nathaniel F Stoikes
    Department of Surgery, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, TN 38163, USA
    Surg Infect (Larchmt) 9:503-8. 2008
    ..We tested the hypothesis that prophylactic antibiotics do not reduce the incidence of central nervous system (CNS) infections but instead are associated with the acquisition of multi-drug resistant (MDR) bacterial infections...
  47. doi request reprint Impact of gender on outcomes after blunt injury: a definitive analysis of more than 36,000 trauma patients
    Louis J Magnotti
    Department of Surgery, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, TN 38163, USA
    J Am Coll Surg 206:984-91; discussion 991-2. 2008
    ..In an attempt to resolve this ongoing dispute, we evaluated the effect of gender on various outcomes in the largest single institutional series of trauma patients reported in the literature after blunt injury...
  48. doi request reprint New vitals after injury: shock index for the young and age x shock index for the old
    Ben L Zarzaur
    Department of Surgery at The University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, TN 38163, USA
    J Surg Res 147:229-36. 2008
    ..Because age negatively impacts physiological reserve, we hypothesized that age multiplied by SI (Age x SI) would be a better predictor of 48 h mortality (48 MORT) compared to heart rate (HR), systolic blood pressure (SBP), or SI...
  49. ncbi request reprint Reduction in inadequate empiric antibiotic therapy for ventilator-associated pneumonia: impact of a unit-specific treatment pathway
    Louis J Magnotti
    Department of Surgery, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, Tennessee, USA
    Am Surg 74:516-22; discussion 522-3. 2008
    ..Adherence to a unit-specific pathway for the empiric management of VAP reduces multiple IEAT episodes. By limiting IEAT episodes, resource utilization and hospital mortality are significantly decreased...
  50. doi request reprint The "July phenomenon": is trauma the exception?
    Thomas J Schroeppel
    Department of Surgery, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, TN 38163, USA
    J Am Coll Surg 209:378-84. 2009
    ..The objective of this study was to determine if a July phenomenon existed in a Level I trauma center with an attending present at all times...
  51. doi request reprint Admission ionized calcium levels predict the need for multiple transfusions: a prospective study of 591 critically ill trauma patients
    Louis J Magnotti
    Department of Surgery, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, Tennessee 38163, USA
    J Trauma 70:391-5; discussion 395-7. 2011
    ..We hypothesized that admission iCa levels could potentially predict the need for multiple transfusions in critically ill trauma patients...
  52. doi request reprint Improved survival after hemostatic resuscitation: does the emperor have no clothes?
    Louis J Magnotti
    Department of Surgery, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, Tennessee 38163, USA
    J Trauma 70:97-102. 2011
    ..To help resolve this controversy, we evaluated the temporal relationship between blood product administration and mortality in civilian trauma patients receiving MT...
  53. doi request reprint Beta-adrenergic blockade and traumatic brain injury: protective?
    Thomas J Schroeppel
    Department of Surgery, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, Tennessee, USA
    J Trauma 69:776-82. 2010
    ..We hypothesize that suppression of the catecholamine surge in multiple-injured TBI patients with beta-adrenergic blockade decreases mortality...
  54. pmc A population-based analysis of neighborhood socioeconomic status and injury admission rates and in-hospital mortality
    Ben L Zarzaur
    Department of Surgery, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, TN 38163, USA
    J Am Coll Surg 211:216-23. 2010
    ..We hypothesized that injury-related hospitalization rates would vary by N-SES and that N-SES would be related to in-hospital mortality...
  55. doi request reprint Long-term survival and return on investment after nonneurologic injury: implications for the elderly trauma patient
    Ben L Zarzaur
    Department of Surgery, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, Tennessee 38163, USA
    J Trauma 69:93-8. 2010
    ..The purpose of this study was to evaluate the cost per 2-year survivor stratified by age after moderate- to severe-nonneurologic injury...
  56. doi request reprint Identifying life-threatening shock in the older injured patient: an analysis of the National Trauma Data Bank
    Ben L Zarzaur
    Department of Surgery, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, Tennessee 38163, USA
    J Trauma 68:1134-8. 2010
    ..We hypothesized that age x SI would be a better predictor of 48-hour mortality in old patients (age, >55 years) compared with TVS, whereas for young patients (age, <or=55 years), SI would be a better predictor than TVS...
  57. ncbi request reprint The morbidity of trauma nephrectomy
    Norma M Edwards
    University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Department of Surgery, Memphis, TN 38163, USA
    Am Surg 75:1112-7. 2009
    ..The results from this study allow us to establish benchmarks to assess complication rates for patients who undergo TN, which can provide prognostic information and goals to improve patient outcomes...
  58. pmc Insurance type is a determinant of 2-year mortality after non-neurologic trauma
    Ben L Zarzaur
    Department of Surgery, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, Tennessee 38163, USA
    J Surg Res 160:196-201. 2010
    ..Less is known about the influence of insurance type and long-term mortality following non-NEURO-TRA. We hypothesized that NO-INS would be associated with 2-y mortality after moderate to severe injury...
  59. doi request reprint A ten-year review of enterocutaneous fistulas after laparotomy for trauma
    Peter E Fischer
    Department of Surgery, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, Tennessee 38163, USA
    J Trauma 67:924-8. 2009
    ..This study is the largest series of ECFs reported exclusively caused by trauma and examines the characteristics unique to this population...
  60. doi request reprint Disparate response to metoclopramide therapy for gastric feeding intolerance in trauma patients with and without traumatic brain injury
    Roland N Dickerson
    Department of Clinical Pharmacy, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, Tennessee 38163, USA
    JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr 33:646-55. 2009
    ..Combination therapy with erythromycin as first-line therapy for TBI trauma patients with gastric feeding intolerance is indicated if there are no contraindications or significant drug interactions...
  61. doi request reprint Changes in pulmonary cytokines during antibiotic therapy for ventilator-associated pneumonia
    Joseph M Swanson
    Department of Clinical Pharmacy, University of Tennessee, Memphis, Tennessee 38163, USA
    Surg Infect (Larchmt) 11:161-7. 2010
    ..A major unanswered question in ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) management relates to patient response to therapy. We investigated the use of pulmonary cytokines as biomarkers for response to antibiotic therapy for VAP...
  62. doi request reprint Efficacy of monotherapy in the treatment of Pseudomonas ventilator-associated pneumonia in patients with trauma
    Louis J Magnotti
    Department of Surgery, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, Tennessee 38163, USA
    J Trauma 66:1052-8; discussion 1058-9. 2009
    ..The relevance of such "synergy" is commonly supposed but poorly supported. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of monotherapy in the treatment of Pseudomonas VAP as measured by microbiological resolution...
  63. ncbi request reprint Treatment of acute hypocalcemia in critically ill multiple-trauma patients
    Roland N Dickerson
    Departments of Pharmacy and Surgery, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, 38163, USA
    JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr 29:436-41. 2005
    ..12 mmol/L). However, validated methods for the treatment of acute hypocalcemia are lacking...
  64. ncbi request reprint Evaluation of an artificial neural network to predict urea nitrogen appearance for critically ill multiple-trauma patients
    Roland N Dickerson
    Department of Pharmacy, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, 38163, USA
    JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr 29:429-35. 2005
    ..Computer-based simulated biologic neural network models have made significant strides in clinical medicine...
  65. ncbi request reprint Predicting total urinary nitrogen excretion from urinary urea nitrogen excretion in multiple-trauma patients receiving specialized nutritional support
    Roland N Dickerson
    Department of Pharmacy, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, Tennessee, USA
    Nutrition 21:332-8. 2005
    ..We investigated the accuracy of methods to estimate total urinary nitrogen (TUN) excretion from urinary urea nitrogen (UUN) excretion for patients who have multiple trauma and receive specialized nutritional support...
  66. ncbi request reprint Candida sp. isolated from bronchoalveolar lavage: clinical significance in critically ill trauma patients
    G Christopher Wood
    College of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmacy, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, 26 South Dunlap, Memphis, Tennessee 38163, USA
    Intensive Care Med 32:599-603. 2006
    ..The objective of this study was to determine the clinical significance of Candida sp. isolated from BAL cultures in critically ill trauma patients...
  67. ncbi request reprint Tetracyclines for treating multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii ventilator-associated pneumonia
    G Christopher Wood
    Department of Clinical Pharmacy, The University of Tennessee College of Pharmacy, 26 South Dunlap, Memphis, Tennessee 38163, USA
    Intensive Care Med 29:2072-6. 2003
    ..To report the use of tetracyclines for the treatment of multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP)...
  68. ncbi request reprint Dose-dependent characteristics of intravenous calcium therapy for hypocalcemic critically ill trauma patients receiving specialized nutritional support
    Roland N Dickerson
    Department of Clinical Pharmacy, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, Tennessee, USA
    Nutrition 23:9-15. 2007
    ..The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate the dose-dependent characteristics of intravenous calcium gluconate therapy for hypocalcemic critically ill patients...
  69. doi request reprint Safety and efficacy of a graduated intravenous insulin infusion protocol in critically ill trauma patients receiving specialized nutritional support
    Roland N Dickerson
    Department of Clinical Pharmacy, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, TN, USA
    Nutrition 24:536-45. 2008
    ....
  70. ncbi request reprint Evaluation of a clinical pathway for ventilator-associated pneumonia: changes in bacterial flora and the adequacy of empiric antibiotics over a three-year period
    G Christopher Wood
    Department of Pharmacy, College of Pharmacy, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, Tennessee 38163, USA
    Surg Infect (Larchmt) 6:203-13. 2005
    ..The objectives of this study were to compare organisms causing VAP over a three-year period to previous data, and to determine the adequacy of the empiric antibiotic regimens...
  71. ncbi request reprint Treatment of moderate to severe acute hypocalcemia in critically ill trauma patients
    Roland N Dickerson
    Department of Pharmacy, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, Tennessee 38163, USA
    JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr 31:228-33. 2007
    ..However, evidence-based methods for the treatment of moderate to severe acute hypocalcemia (ionized calcium concentration [iCa] <1 mmol/L) are lacking...
  72. ncbi request reprint Lactobacillus species as a cause of ventilator-associated pneumonia in a critically ill trauma patient
    G Christopher Wood
    Department of Clinical Pharmacy, College of Pharmacy, University of Tennessee, Memphis 38163, USA
    Pharmacotherapy 22:1180-2. 2002
    ..The infection was treated successfully with 14 days of intravenous vancomycin. Based on this case, Lactobacillus should be considered a possible cause of ventilator-associated pneumonia in immunocompetent, critically ill patients...
  73. ncbi request reprint The utility of serial computed tomography imaging of blunt splenic injury: still worth a second look?
    Jordan A Weinberg
    Department of Surgery, University of Alabama at Birmingham, USA
    J Trauma 62:1143-7; discussion 1147-8. 2007
    ..The purpose of this study was to reevaluate the clinical practice of serial CT imaging within the context of an institutional protocol for the nonoperative management (NOM) of BSI...
  74. ncbi request reprint Risk factors for late-onset nosocomial pneumonia caused by Stenotrophomonas maltophilia in critically ill trauma patients
    Scott D Hanes
    Department of Clinical Pharmacy, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, TN, 38163, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 35:228-35. 2002
    ..In critically ill trauma patients with late-onset ventilator-associated pneumonia and these risk factors, empiric antibiotic therapy should include agents active against S. maltophilia...
  75. ncbi request reprint Comparison of ampicillin-sulbactam and imipenem-cilastatin for the treatment of acinetobacter ventilator-associated pneumonia
    G Christopher Wood
    Department of Clinical Pharmacy, The University of Tennessee College of Pharmacy, Memphis, TN, 38163, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 34:1425-30. 2002
    ..Patients generally received Amp-Sulb because of imipenem resistance. Amp-Sulb was effective in treating a small number of patients with Acinetobacter VAP; however, more data are needed...
  76. ncbi request reprint Aerosolized ceftazidime prophylaxis against ventilator-associated pneumonia in high-risk trauma patients: results of a double-blind randomized study
    Jeffrey A Claridge
    Department of Surgery, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, TN, USA
    Surg Infect (Larchmt) 8:83-90. 2007
    ..The primary objective of this study was to determine if prophylactic administration of aerosolized ceftazidime reduced the incidence of VAP in high-risk injured patients without altering the incidence of other infectious complications...
  77. ncbi request reprint "Awake" laparoscopy for the evaluation of equivocal penetrating abdominal wounds
    Jordan A Weinberg
    Department of Surgery, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, USA
    Injury 38:60-4. 2007
    ..We hypothesised that, in appropriate patients, diagnostic "awake" laparoscopy (AL) could be performed under local anaesthesia in the emergency department (ED), allowing for expedited discharge and potential cost savings...
  78. pmc Comparison of small-intestinal submucosa and expanded polytetrafluoroethylene as a vascular conduit in the presence of gram-positive contamination
    Daniel H Shell
    Department of Surgery, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, Tennessee, USA
    Ann Surg 241:995-1001; discussion 1001-4. 2005
    ..Biomaterials, such as porcine small-intestinal submucosa (SIS), have been successfully used clinically as tissue substitutes outside the vascular arena...
  79. doi request reprint Results of the CONTROL trial: efficacy and safety of recombinant activated Factor VII in the management of refractory traumatic hemorrhage
    Carl J Hauser
    Department of Surgery, Harvard Medical School and Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts 02216, USA
    J Trauma 69:489-500. 2010
    ..Traumatic coagulopathy contributes to early death by exsanguination and late death in multiple organ failure. Recombinant Factor VIIa (rFVIIa, NovoSeven) is a procoagulant that might limit bleeding and improve trauma outcomes...
  80. pmc Improving outcomes following penetrating colon wounds: application of a clinical pathway
    Preston R Miller
    Department of Surgery, The University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, 38163, USA
    Ann Surg 235:775-81. 2002
    ..Based on these outcomes, a clinical pathway for management of destructive colon wounds was developed. The results of the implementation of this pathway are the focus of this report...
  81. ncbi request reprint Associated injuries in blunt solid organ trauma: implications for missed injury in nonoperative management
    Preston R Miller
    Department of Surgery, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis 38163, USA
    J Trauma 53:238-42; discussion 242-4. 2002
    ..To better understand the incidence and risk of missed injury, patterns of associated intra-abdominal injury were examined in all patients with blunt liver and spleen injuries, and missed injuries were reviewed in patients undergoing NOM...
  82. doi request reprint High ratios of plasma and platelets to packed red blood cells do not affect mortality in nonmassively transfused patients
    Chitra N Sambasivan
    Division of Trauma, Critical Care and Acute Care Surgery, Department of Surgery, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, Oregon 97239, USA
    J Trauma 71:S329-36. 2011
    ..We aimed to determine the effect of high ratios of fresh frozen plasma (FFP) and platelets (PLT) to packed red blood cells (PRBC) in nonmassively transfused patients...
  83. ncbi request reprint Stress ulceration requiring definitive surgery after severe trauma
    B L Zarzaur
    Department of Surgery, The University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, USA
    Am Surg 67:875-9. 2001
    ..VA provides no benefit on rebleeding or reoperation over VP, so anatomical considerations and not rebleed rates should determine the surgical procedure...
  84. doi request reprint Repeat bronchoalveolar lavage to guide antibiotic duration for ventilator-associated pneumonia
    Eric W Mueller
    Department of Pharmacy Services, The University Hospital, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA
    J Trauma 63:1329-37; discussion 1337. 2007
    ..We sought to determine whether antibiotic duration for VAP can be safely abbreviated in trauma patients using repeat bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL)...
  85. doi request reprint Comparison of intravenous ethanol versus diazepam for alcohol withdrawal prophylaxis in the trauma ICU: results of a randomized trial
    Jordan A Weinberg
    Section of Trauma, Burns, and Surgical Critical Care, Department of Surgery, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, USA
    J Trauma 64:99-104. 2008
    ..The purpose of this study was to prospectively evaluate the efficacy of intravenous ethanol compared with benzodiazepines for the prevention of AWS with particular emphasis on the sedative effects of each therapy...
  86. ncbi request reprint Emergent pelvic fixation in patients with exsanguinating pelvic fractures
    Martin A Croce
    Department of Surgery, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, TN 38163, USA
    J Am Coll Surg 204:935-9; discussion 940-2. 2007
    ..Little published information is available about its effectiveness. This study evaluated the efficacy of the POD compared with EPF in patients with life-threatening pelvic fractures...
  87. ncbi request reprint Expedited discharge in trauma patients requiring anticoagulation for deep venous thrombosis prophylaxis: the LEAP Program
    Gail G Bridges
    Department of Pharmacy, Regional Medical Center at Memphis, Tennessee 38103, USA
    J Trauma 54:232-5. 2003
    ..The LMWH Expedited Anticoagulation Program (LEAP) was created with the following goals: to decrease the number of inpatient warfarin days and to reduce overall number of hospital days...
  88. doi request reprint The evolution of blunt splenic injury: resolution and progression
    Stephanie A Savage
    Department of General Surgery, Wilford Hall Medical Center, Lackland AFB, Texas, USA
    J Trauma 64:1085-91; discussion 1091-2. 2008
    ..Our hypothesis was that time to healing is related to severity of BSI...
  89. ncbi request reprint Penetrating rectal trauma: management by anatomic distinction improves outcome
    Jordan A Weinberg
    University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, Tennessee 38163, USA
    J Trauma 60:508-13; discussion 513-14. 2006
    ..A clinical pathway was developed and implemented. Patients managed by the pathway (PATH) were compared with the previous study (PREV, n=58) to determine the impact of the clinical pathway on outcome...
  90. ncbi request reprint Tobramycin bladder irrigation for treating a urinary tract infection in a critically ill patient
    G Christopher Wood
    Ann Pharmacother 38:1318-9. 2004
  91. ncbi request reprint The real predictors of disposition in patients with spinal cord injuries
    Jeffrey A Claridge
    MetroHealth Medical Center, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Rm H939 Hamann Bldg, 2500 MetroHealth Drive, Cleveland, OH 44109 1998, USA
    J Trauma 60:178-86. 2006
    ..Our hypothesis was that commercial insurance (CI) would be the greatest influence of hospital disposition...
  92. ncbi request reprint Antithrombotic therapy and endovascular stents are effective treatment for blunt carotid injuries: results from longterm followup
    Norma M Edwards
    Department of Surgery, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, TN 38163, USA
    J Am Coll Surg 204:1007-13; discussion 1014-5. 2007
    ..This is the first study to assess longterm efficacy of various therapeutic approaches...
  93. ncbi request reprint Diagnosis and management of blunt abdominal solid organ injury
    Thomas J Schroeppel
    Department of Surgery, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, Tennessee, USA
    Curr Opin Crit Care 13:399-404. 2007
    ..Operative interventions need to occur expeditiously in hemodynamically unstable patients with hepatic and splenic injuries...
  94. ncbi request reprint Apoptosis and necrosis in the development of acute lung injury after hemorrhagic shock
    T Wright Jernigan
    Department of Surgery, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, Tennessee 38163, USA
    Am Surg 70:1094-8. 2004
    ..Apoptosis in cells (neutrophils, macrophages, alveolar cells) is induced within the lung after hemorrhagic shock. The role of apoptosis in pulmonary dysfunction after hemorrhagic shock has yet to be determined...
  95. ncbi request reprint Routine follow-up imaging is unnecessary in the management of blunt hepatic injury
    Jordy C Cox
    Department of Surgery, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, Tennessee 38163, USA
    J Trauma 59:1175-8; discussion 1178-80. 2005
    ..Over time, we have perceived a low yield from follow-up studies. The hypothesis for this study is that routine follow-up imaging of asymptomatic patients is unnecessary...
  96. doi request reprint Diagnostic laparoscopy for the evaluation of occult diaphragmatic injury following penetrating thoracoabdominal trauma
    Benjamin S Powell
    Department of Surgery, University of Tennessee Health Science Centre, Memphis, Tennessee
    Injury 39:530-4. 2008
    ....