Christian S Crandall
Affiliation: University of Kansas
- A justification-suppression model of the expression and experience of prejudiceChristian S Crandall
Department of Psychology, University of Kansas, 1415 Jay hawk Boulevard, Lawrence, Kansas 66045, USA
Psychol Bull 129:414-46. 2003..The authors discuss the implications of the JSM for several topics, including prejudice measurement, ambivalence, and the distinction between prejudice and its expression...
- Social norms and the expression and suppression of prejudice: the struggle for internalizationChristian S Crandall
Department of Psychology, University of Kansas, Lawrence 66045, USA
J Pers Soc Psychol 82:359-78. 2002..There is much value in continuing the study of normative influence and self-adaptation to social norms, particularly in terms of the group norm theory of attitudes...
- Stereotypes as justifications of prejudiceChristian S Crandall
University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS 66045, USA
Pers Soc Psychol Bull 37:1488-98. 2011..These results provide the first evidence that-in the absence of information, interaction, or history of behavioral discrimination-stereotypes develop to justify prejudice...
- White Americans' opposition to affirmative action: group interest and the harm to beneficiaries objectionLaurie T O'Brien
Department of Psychology, Tulane University, New Orleans, Louisiana 70118, USA
Br J Soc Psychol 49:895-903. 2010..White Americans used a concern for the intended beneficiaries of affirmative action in a way that seems to further the interest of their own group...
- Low-effort thought promotes political conservatismScott Eidelman
Department of Psychology, University of Arkansas, 211 Memorial Hall, Fayetteville, AR 72701, USA
Pers Soc Psychol Bull 38:808-20. 2012..Together these data suggest that political conservatism may be a process consequence of low-effort thought; when effortful, deliberate thought is disengaged, endorsement of conservative ideology increases...
- Stereotype threat and arousal: effects on women's math performanceLaurie T O'Brien
University of Kansas, USA
Pers Soc Psychol Bull 29:782-9. 2003..These data are consistent with an arousal-based explanation of stereotype threat effects. Data were inconsistent with expectancy, evaluation apprehension, and persistence explanations of the stereotype threat phenomenon...