N Cowan

Summary

Affiliation: University of Missouri
Country: USA

Publications

  1. doi request reprint Attention to attributes and objects in working memory
    Nelson Cowan
    Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65203, USA
    J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 39:731-47. 2013
  2. pmc When does a good working memory counteract proactive interference? Surprising evidence from a probe recognition task
    Nelson Cowan
    Psychological Sciences Department, University of Missouri, 18 McAlester Hall, Columbia, MO 65211, USA
    J Exp Psychol Gen 142:12-7. 2013
  3. pmc Models of verbal working memory capacity: what does it take to make them work?
    Nelson Cowan
    Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri, 18 McAlester Hall, Columbia, MO 65211, USA
    Psychol Rev 119:480-99. 2012
  4. pmc Comment on "Dynamic shifts of limited working memory resources in human vision"
    Nelson Cowan
    Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211, USA
    Science 323:877; author reply 877. 2009
  5. pmc The focus of attention as observed in visual working memory tasks: making sense of competing claims
    Nelson Cowan
    Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri, 18 McAlester Hall, Columbia, MO 65211, USA
    Neuropsychologia 49:1401-6. 2011
  6. pmc On the capacity of attention: its estimation and its role in working memory and cognitive aptitudes
    Nelson Cowan
    Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri, 18 McAlester Hall, Columbia, MO 65211, USA
    Cogn Psychol 51:42-100. 2005
  7. ncbi request reprint Capacity limits in list item recognition: evidence from proactive interference
    Nelson Cowan
    Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri, 210 McAlester Hall, Columbia, MO 65211, USA
    Memory 13:293-9. 2005
  8. pmc Age differences in visual working memory capacity: not based on encoding limitations
    Nelson Cowan
    Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211, USA
    Dev Sci 14:1066-74. 2011
  9. ncbi request reprint Constant capacity in an immediate serial-recall task: a logical sequel to Miller (1956)
    Nelson Cowan
    Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia 65211, USA
    Psychol Sci 15:634-40. 2004
  10. pmc Rethinking speed theories of cognitive development. Increasing the rate of recall without affecting accuracy
    Nelson Cowan
    Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, 65211, USA
    Psychol Sci 17:67-73. 2006

Detail Information

Publications64

  1. doi request reprint Attention to attributes and objects in working memory
    Nelson Cowan
    Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65203, USA
    J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 39:731-47. 2013
    ..We propose a theoretical account in which a fixed object capacity limit contains within it the possibility of the incomplete retention of object attributes, depending on the direction of attention...
  2. pmc When does a good working memory counteract proactive interference? Surprising evidence from a probe recognition task
    Nelson Cowan
    Psychological Sciences Department, University of Missouri, 18 McAlester Hall, Columbia, MO 65211, USA
    J Exp Psychol Gen 142:12-7. 2013
    ..We suggest that high-span advantages in reaction time are based on finesse during easy trials, not on overcoming PI...
  3. pmc Models of verbal working memory capacity: what does it take to make them work?
    Nelson Cowan
    Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri, 18 McAlester Hall, Columbia, MO 65211, USA
    Psychol Rev 119:480-99. 2012
    ..Starting with a psychological-process model of WM capacity developed to understand visual arrays, we arrive at a more unified and complete model...
  4. pmc Comment on "Dynamic shifts of limited working memory resources in human vision"
    Nelson Cowan
    Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211, USA
    Science 323:877; author reply 877. 2009
    ..In an alternative interpretation, memory is limited to several well-represented items. We argue that this item-limit model fits the extant data better than the distributed-resources model and is more interpretable theoretically...
  5. pmc The focus of attention as observed in visual working memory tasks: making sense of competing claims
    Nelson Cowan
    Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri, 18 McAlester Hall, Columbia, MO 65211, USA
    Neuropsychologia 49:1401-6. 2011
    ..This view is reconciled with evidence previously taken to indicate that the focus of attention only includes a single item at a time, which is reinterpreted here...
  6. pmc On the capacity of attention: its estimation and its role in working memory and cognitive aptitudes
    Nelson Cowan
    Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri, 18 McAlester Hall, Columbia, MO 65211, USA
    Cogn Psychol 51:42-100. 2005
    ..So does digit span in children too young to rehearse...
  7. ncbi request reprint Capacity limits in list item recognition: evidence from proactive interference
    Nelson Cowan
    Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri, 210 McAlester Hall, Columbia, MO 65211, USA
    Memory 13:293-9. 2005
    ..On average, participants retrieved about four items without PI. We suggest an activation-based account of capacity limits...
  8. pmc Age differences in visual working memory capacity: not based on encoding limitations
    Nelson Cowan
    Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211, USA
    Dev Sci 14:1066-74. 2011
    ..Although verbal labeling affected performance, age differences persisted across labeling conditions, further supporting the existence of a basic growth in capacity...
  9. ncbi request reprint Constant capacity in an immediate serial-recall task: a logical sequel to Miller (1956)
    Nelson Cowan
    Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia 65211, USA
    Psychol Sci 15:634-40. 2004
    ....
  10. pmc Rethinking speed theories of cognitive development. Increasing the rate of recall without affecting accuracy
    Nelson Cowan
    Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, 65211, USA
    Psychol Sci 17:67-73. 2006
    ..These results have important methodological and theoretical implications for human development...
  11. pmc A neural region of abstract working memory
    Nelson Cowan
    University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211, USA
    J Cogn Neurosci 23:2852-63. 2011
    ..The results suggest that this brain region, previously well known for working memory of visually presented materials, actually holds or refers to information from more than one modality...
  12. pmc Visual working memory depends on attentional filtering
    Nelson Cowan
    Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri, 18 McAlester Hall, Columbia, Missouri 65211, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 10:139-41. 2006
    ..People who could remember more objects from a spatial array also more efficiently excluded irrelevant objects. The results raise important questions about what aspect of working memory is most fundamental...
  13. pmc Life-span development of visual working memory: when is feature binding difficult?
    Nelson Cowan
    Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211, USA
    Dev Psychol 42:1089-102. 2006
    ..Some working memory processes related to binding undergo life-span development in an inverted-U shape, whereas other, bias- and salience-related processes that influence the use of binding information seem to develop monotonically...
  14. pmc With development, list recall includes more chunks, not just larger ones
    Nelson Cowan
    Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211, USA
    Dev Psychol 46:1119-31. 2010
    ..e., the proportion of the items recalled from the group). Access rates increased with age, even with statistical controls for completion rates, implicating development of capacity in chunks...
  15. pmc Scope of attention, control of attention, and intelligence in children and adults
    Nelson Cowan
    Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri, 18 McAlester Hall, Columbia, MO 65211, USA
    Mem Cognit 34:1754-68. 2006
    ..About one third that variance was shared between scope an d control, and the rest was unique to one or the other. Scope and control of attention appear to be related but distinct contributors to intelligence...
  16. pmc How can dual-task working memory retention limits be investigated?
    Nelson Cowan
    Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri 65211, USA
    Psychol Sci 18:686-8. 2007
  17. pmc Multiple concurrent thoughts: The meaning and developmental neuropsychology of working memory
    Nelson Cowan
    Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri 65211, USA
    Dev Neuropsychol 35:447-74. 2010
    ..Here I review theories of working memory and some of the main issues in the field, discuss current behavioral and neuropsychological research that can address these issues, and consider the implications for cognitive development...
  18. pmc What are the differences between long-term, short-term, and working memory?
    Nelson Cowan
    Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri, 18 McAlester Hall, Columbia, MO 65211, USA
    Prog Brain Res 169:323-38. 2008
    ..The evidence is evaluated and placed within a theoretical framework depicted in Fig. 1...
  19. pmc How verbal memory loads consume attention
    Zhijian Chen
    University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri 65211, USA
    Mem Cognit 37:829-36. 2009
    ..We suggest that attention-demanding refreshing of verbal stimuli occurs along with any covert rehearsal...
  20. ncbi request reprint On the auditory modality superiority effect in serial recall: separating input and output factors
    Nelson Cowan
    Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri Columbia, 65211, USA
    J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 30:639-44. 2004
    ..However, the authors found that output delay and interference act only by lowering the level of performance to a more sensitive range. The modality effect thus originates during encoding of the list to be recalled, not during output...
  21. ncbi request reprint Verbal recall in amnesiacs under conditions of diminished retroactive interference
    Nelson Cowan
    Department of Psychological Sciences, 18 McAlester Hall, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211, USA
    Brain 127:825-34. 2004
    ..This was true even when the patients appeared to sleep during the delays. The results show, in a novel manner, that one deficit underlying their amnesias is vulnerability to retroactive interference...
  22. pmc Short-term memory loss over time without retroactive stimulus interference
    Nelson Cowan
    Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri 65211, USA
    Psychon Bull Rev 15:230-5. 2008
    ..In those trials only, evidence of memory loss over time emerged. Further research is needed to identify whether this memory loss is decay or lost distinctiveness...
  23. ncbi request reprint Persistence of memory for ignored lists of digits: areas of developmental constancy and change
    N Cowan
    University of Missouri, Columbia 65211, USA
    J Exp Child Psychol 76:151-72. 2000
    ..A developmental increase in the persistence of memory was obtained only for the final item in an ignored list, which is the item for which sensory memory is thought to be the most vivid at short retention intervals...
  24. ncbi request reprint Is there a temporal basis of the word length effect? A response to Service (1998)
    N Cowan
    Department of Psychology, University of Missouri, Columbia 65211, USA
    Q J Exp Psychol A 53:647-60. 2000
    ..We obtained substantial word duration effects. Concerns raised by Service are addressed, and we conclude that both duration and complexity are likely to contribute to the word length effect in serial recall...
  25. pmc Seven-year-olds allocate attention like adults unless working memory is overloaded
    Nelson Cowan
    Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri, 217 McAlester Hall, Columbia, MO 65211, USA
    Dev Sci 13:120-33. 2010
    ..With a larger working memory load, this efficiency in young children was compromised. The efficiency of attention cannot be the sole explanation for the capacity difference...
  26. ncbi request reprint The magical number 4 in short-term memory: a reconsideration of mental storage capacity
    N Cowan
    Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211, USA
    Behav Brain Sci 24:87-114; discussion 114-85. 2001
    ..Reasons why pure capacity estimates fall within a narrow range are discussed and a capacity limit for the focus of attention is proposed...
  27. ncbi request reprint The search for what is fundamental in the development of working memory
    Nelson Cowan
    Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri, 213 McAlester Hall, Columbia, MO 65211, USA
    Adv Child Dev Behav 29:1-49. 2002
  28. ncbi request reprint Children's working-memory processes: a response-timing analysis
    Nelson Cowan
    Department of Psychology, University of Missouri Columbia, 210 McAlester Hall, Columbia, Missouri 65211, USA
    J Exp Psychol Gen 132:113-32. 2003
    ..Response durations thus are important in the interpretation of span task performance...
  29. ncbi request reprint List composition and the word length effect in immediate recall: a comparison of localist and globalist assumptions
    Nelson Cowan
    Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri 65211, USA
    Psychon Bull Rev 10:74-9. 2003
    ..There appear to be several globalist influences on recall, including distinctiveness factors as well as phonological storage and articulation...
  30. ncbi request reprint The role of attention in the development of short-term memory: age differences in the verbal span of apprehension
    N Cowan
    Department of Psychology, University of Missouri, Columbia 65211, USA
    Child Dev 70:1082-97. 1999
    ..Other, attention-demanding processes also contribute to memory for attended lists...
  31. ncbi request reprint Two separate verbal processing rates contributing to short-term memory span
    N Cowan
    Department of Psychology, University of Missouri Columbia 65211, USA
    J Exp Psychol Gen 127:141-60. 1998
    ..Memory span depends on a profile of processing rates in the brain, not only a global rate. Moreover, there appears to be only a partial overlap between the rate variables that change with age and those that differ among individuals...
  32. pmc When do visual and verbal memories conflict? The importance of working-memory load and retrieval
    Candice C Morey
    Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri Columbia, 210 McAlester Hall, Columbia, MO 65211, USA
    J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 31:703-13. 2005
    ..Interference also occurred when especially large silent verbal and visual loads were held concurrently. These results suggest central storage along with code-specific passive storage...
  33. ncbi request reprint Habituation to auditory distractors in a cross-modal, color-word interference task
    E M Elliott
    Department of Psychology, University of Missouri Columbia, 65211, USA
    J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 27:654-67. 2001
    ..Given these results, the authors propose that mental representations of distractors include information about their task relevance, which modulates disruption of the primary task...
  34. ncbi request reprint Electrophysiological evidence of developmental changes in the duration of auditory sensory memory
    H Gomes
    Department of Psychology, City College of the City University of New York, USA
    Dev Psychol 35:294-302. 1999
    ..All 4 groups exhibited MMNs after delays of 1 s, but only the adults and oldest children exhibited MMNs after 8 s, indicating that there are maturational changes in the duration of auditory sensory memory...
  35. pmc Core verbal working-memory capacity: the limit in words retained without covert articulation
    Zhijian Chen
    Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211, USA
    Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 62:1420-9. 2009
    ..Here we show that a constant capacity of about 3 chunks holds across list lengths and list types, provided that covert phonological rehearsal is prevented. What remains is a core verbal working-memory capacity...
  36. ncbi request reprint Constraints on awareness, attention, processing, and memory: some recent investigations with ignored speech
    N Cowan
    Department of Psychology, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri, 65211, USA
    Conscious Cogn 6:182-203. 1997
    ..g., one that could produce semantic priming)...
  37. pmc Visual working memory is disrupted by covert verbal retrieval
    Timothy J Ricker
    Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211, USA
    Psychon Bull Rev 17:516-21. 2010
    ..A second experiment ruled out verbal recoding of the visual arrays as the basis of interference. The results indicate that visual WM and verbal long-term retrieval share a central resource (e.g., attention)...
  38. pmc How does running memory span work?
    Michael Bunting
    University of Missouri, Columbia, MO, USA
    Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 59:1691-700. 2006
    ..In two experiments, we examine the roles of these two strategies and the consequences of two types of interference...
  39. pmc Investigating the childhood development of working memory using sentences: new evidence for the growth of chunk capacity
    Amanda L Gilchrist
    Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211, USA
    J Exp Child Psychol 104:252-65. 2009
    ..We argue that the developmental increase in memory span was due to a growing number of chunks present in working memory with little role of chunk size...
  40. ncbi request reprint The cocktail party phenomenon revisited: the importance of working memory capacity
    A R Conway
    Department of Psychology, University of Illinois, Chicago 60607 7137, USA
    Psychon Bull Rev 8:331-5. 2001
    ..Here we show that subjects who detect their name in the irrelevant message have relatively low working-memory capacities, suggesting that they have difficulty blocking out, or inhibiting, distracting information...
  41. pmc Visual working memory deficits in patients with Parkinson's disease are due to both reduced storage capacity and impaired ability to filter out irrelevant information
    Eun Young Lee
    Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211, USA
    Brain 133:2677-89. 2010
    ..The results support recent suggestions that the basal ganglia help control access to working memory...
  42. pmc Working memory capacity for spoken sentences decreases with adult ageing: recall of fewer but not smaller chunks in older adults
    Amanda L Gilchrist
    University of Missouri, Columbia, MO, USA
    Memory 16:773-87. 2008
    ..An age-related decline in working memory capacity measured in chunks appears to account for deficits in memory for spoken language...
  43. ncbi request reprint Learning in a unidimensional absolute identification task
    Jeffrey N Rouder
    Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211, USA
    Psychon Bull Rev 11:938-44. 2004
    ..These results are in contrast to common characterizations of learning in absolute identification tasks with unidimensional stimuli. We suggest that this learning reflects improvement in short-term processing...
  44. pmc Age-related differences in immediate serial recall: dissociating chunk formation and capacity
    Moshe Naveh-Benjamin
    Department of Psychology, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri 65211, USA
    Mem Cognit 35:724-37. 2007
    ..Paired-associate knowledge may be used in an implicit manner in serial recall, given that younger adults under divided attention and older adults use it well despite the relatively small chunk capacities displayed by these groups...
  45. pmc An assessment of fixed-capacity models of visual working memory
    Jeffrey N Rouder
    Department of Psychological Sciences, 210 McAlester Hall, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:5975-9. 2008
    ..0, a tell-tale characteristic of all-or-none mnemonic representations. Formal model assessment yielded evidence highly consistent with a discrete fixed-capacity model of working memory for this task...
  46. pmc Differential effects of alcohol on working memory: distinguishing multiple processes
    J Scott Saults
    Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbus, MO 65211, USA
    Exp Clin Psychopharmacol 15:576-87. 2007
    ..The results suggest that moderate doses of alcohol impair WM by affecting certain mnemonic strategies and executive processes rather than by shrinking the basic holding capacity of WM...
  47. pmc A central capacity limit to the simultaneous storage of visual and auditory arrays in working memory
    J Scott Saults
    Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri Columbia, Columbia, MO 65211 USA
    J Exp Psychol Gen 136:663-84. 2007
    ..The findings suggest a central capacity supplemented by modality- or code-specific storage and point to avenues for further research on the role of processing in central storage...
  48. ncbi request reprint The differential maturation of two processing rates related to digit span
    N Cowan
    University of Missouri, Columbia 65211, USA
    J Exp Child Psychol 72:193-209. 1999
    ..However, fifth graders had considerably shorter interword pauses than their third-grade counterparts. Thus, a particular memory span is accompanied by different profiles of processing rates in children of different ages...
  49. ncbi request reprint Can we resolve contradictions between process dissociation models?
    N Cowan
    Department of Psychology, University of Missouri, Columbia 65211, USA
    Conscious Cogn 5:255-9. 1996
    ..Specifically, there could be an independence of processes that might be estimated to a sufficient degree of accuracy for some theoretical purposes despite a violation of the assumption of stochastic independence...
  50. ncbi request reprint The development of auditory attention in children
    H Gomes
    Department of Psychology, City College of the City University of New York, NY 10031, USA
    Front Biosci 5:D108-20. 2000
    ..Later developmental improvements seem to be primarily attributable to higher cognitive processes, such as motivation, strategy development and implementation, and voluntary direction and regulation of attention...
  51. pmc Working memory and flexibility in awareness and attention
    Michael F Bunting
    Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, 65211, USA
    Psychol Res 69:412-9. 2005
    ..These results are difficult to explain with passive storage alone and indicate that a processing difficulty impedes recall from working memory, presumably by distracting attention away from its storage function...
  52. ncbi request reprint A generalized signal detection model to predict rational variation in base rate use
    P R Mueser
    Department of Economics, University of Missouri, Columbia 65211, USA
    Cognition 69:267-312. 1999
    ..Variation observed in subjects' responses to base rate information is explained by the present rational model more fully than by extant models...
  53. ncbi request reprint Children's memories according to fuzzy-trace theory: an endorsement of the theory's purpose and some suggestions to improve its application
    N Cowan
    University of Missouri, Columbia 65211, USA
    J Exp Child Psychol 71:144-54. 1998
    ..Both encouragements and precautions for the use of modeling are offered...
  54. ncbi request reprint Estimating unconscious processes: implications of a general class of models
    N Cowan
    Department of Psychology, University of Missouri Columbia 65211, USA
    J Exp Psychol Gen 125:195-200. 1996
    ....
  55. pmc The deployment of attention in short-term memory tasks: trade-offs between immediate and delayed deployment
    Michael F Bunting
    University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri 65211, USA
    Mem Cognit 36:799-812. 2008
    ..e., postcategorical phonological storage and/or precategorical sensory memory) may be retrieved and become the focus of attention for recall...
  56. ncbi request reprint When visual and verbal memories compete: evidence of cross-domain limits in working memory
    Candice C Morey
    Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri, 207 McAlester Hall, Columbia, MO 65211, USA
    Psychon Bull Rev 11:296-301. 2004
    ..Working memory for digits and visual information thus are both subject to at least one type of shared limit, not just domain-specific limitations. The nature of the shared limit is discussed...
  57. pmc Coherence of the irrelevant-sound effect: individual profiles of short-term memory and susceptibility to task-irrelevant materials
    Emily M Elliott
    Louisiana State University, Department of Psychology, Baton Rouge, LA 70803, USA
    Mem Cognit 33:664-75. 2005
    ..We conclude that some of the cognitive processes helpful in performing a span task may not be beneficial in the presence of irrelevant sounds...
  58. pmc Chunk limits and length limits in immediate recall: a reconciliation
    Zhijian Chen
    Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri Columbia, Columbia, MO 65211, USA
    J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 31:1235-49. 2005
    ..Other conditions yielded intermediate results suggesting that sometimes both limits may operate together...
  59. pmc Separating cognitive capacity from knowledge: a new hypothesis
    Graeme S Halford
    Griffith University, Mt Gravatt Campus, 170 Kessels Road, Nathan, QLD 4111, Australia
    Trends Cogn Sci 11:236-42. 2007
    ..We argue that both types of limit might be based on the limited ability to form and preserve bindings between elements in memory...
  60. pmc Task experience and children's working memory performance: a perspective from recall timing
    John N Towse
    Department of Psychology, Fylde College, Lancaster University, Bailrigg, Lancaster, UK
    Dev Psychol 44:695-706. 2008
    ..The task demands of working memory change as a function of task experience, with a combination of accuracy and response timing in novel task situations being the strongest predictor of cognitive attainment...
  61. pmc Forgetting due to retroactive interference: a fusion of Müller and Pilzecker's (1900) early insights into everyday forgetting and recent research on anterograde amnesia
    Michaela T Dewar
    Human Cognitive Neuroscience, Psychology, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK
    Cortex 43:616-34. 2007
    ....
  62. ncbi request reprint Just lying there, remembering: improving recall of prose in amnesic patients with mild cognitive impairment by minimising interference
    Sergio Della Sala
    Department of Psychology, King s College, University of Aberdeen, AB24 2UB Aberdeen, UK
    Memory 13:435-40. 2005
    ..The result suggests that long-term memory is encoded in these patients to a greater extent than had been realised but that their memory is highly vulnerable to interference...
  63. ncbi request reprint Temporary and longer term retention of acoustic information
    Istvan Winkler
    Institute for Psychology, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budapest
    Psychophysiology 39:530-4. 2002
    ..Event-related brain potentials demonstrated the survival of an accurate representation of tone pitch in the auditory cortex. This result provides a link between short-duration buffering and permanent storage of acoustic information...
  64. ncbi request reprint From sensory to long-term memory: evidence from auditory memory reactivation studies
    Istvan Winkler
    Institute for Psychology, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Hungary
    Exp Psychol 52:3-20. 2005
    ..Thus, sounds closely linked with their auditory context are more likely to be remembered. The representations of acoustic regularities are automatically activated by matching sounds, enabling object recognition...

Research Grants22

  1. DEVELOPMENT OF SHORT-TERM MEMORY FOR SPEECH ATTRIBUTES
    Nelson Cowan; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..This theoretical advance also should help in understanding various learning and language disorders, which are known to be marked by poor memory span for theoretical reasons that need clarification. ..
  2. Working memory, attention, and time: Childhood development and adult function
    Nelson Cowan; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..It could indicate whether normal functioning of working memory depends on attention for storage or just for processing information that is of practical import in formulating plans for clinical treatment and diagnosis. ..
  3. Working memory, attention, and time: Childhood development and adult function
    Nelson Cowan; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..It could indicate whether normal functioning of working memory depends on attention for storage or just for processing information that is of practical import in formulating plans for clinical treatment and diagnosis. ..
  4. Working memory, attention, and time: Childhood development and adult function
    Nelson Cowan; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..It could indicate whether normal functioning of working memory depends on attention for storage or just for processing information that is of practical import in formulating plans for clinical treatment and diagnosis. ..
  5. THE DEVELOPMENT OF MEMORY FOR SPEECH
    Nelson Cowan; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..The present research helps to fill these gaps...
  6. THE DEVELOPMENT OF MEMORY FOR SPEECH
    Nelson Cowan; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..Practically, it is of considerable importance to understand the temporal limitations of memory for speech, because children clearly need this form of memory for language learning and communication...
  7. DEVELOPMENT OF SHORT TERM MEMORY FOR SPEECH ATTRIBUTES
    Nelson Cowan; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ....
  8. Working memory, attention, and time: Childhood development and adult function
    Nelson Cowan; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..It could indicate whether normal functioning of working memory depends on attention for storage or just for processing information that is of practical import in formulating plans for clinical treatment and diagnosis. ..