Charlene W Compher
Affiliation: University of Pennsylvania
- Attendance at clinical visits predicts weight loss after gastric bypass surgeryCharlene W Compher
University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing, University of Pennsylvania, 418 Curie Boulevard, Philadelphia, PA 19104 4217, USA
Obes Surg 22:927-34. 2012..The purpose of this study was to determine whether patients who returned for office visits after their gastric bypass (GBP) lost more weight than those who did not...
- Regular breakfast and blood lead levels among preschool childrenJianghong Liu
University of Pennsylvania, School of Nursing, 418 Curie Blvd, Room 426, Claire M Fagin Hall, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104 6096, USA
Environ Health 10:28. 2011..The purpose of this study was to examine the association between eating a regular breakfast and B-Pb among children using data from the China Jintan Child Cohort Study...
- Choline and vitamin B12 deficiencies are interrelated in folate-replete long-term total parenteral nutrition patientsCharlene W Compher
Clinical Nutrition Support Service, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia 19104, USA
JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr 26:57-62. 2002..Choline, a methyl donor in the metabolism of homocysteine, is intricately related to folate status, but little is known about choline and vitamin B12 status. Long-term TPN patients are also subject to vitamin B12 deficiency...
- Noninvasive measurement of transit time in short bowel syndromeCharlene Compher
School of Nursing, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104 6096, USA
JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr 31:240-5. 2007..We sought to evaluate noninvasive measurements of intestinal transit time to aid in research questions where transit is measured repeatedly...
- Obesity reduces the risk of pressure ulcers in elderly hospitalized patientsCharlene Compher
Penn Nursing, 420 Guardian Drive, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6096, USA
J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 62:1310-2. 2007..Both underweight and obesity have been suggested as risk factors for pressure ulcers (PU) development, although data are limited. Our aim was to evaluate the odds of PU in underweight and obese, relative to optimal weight patients...
- Vitamin D and the bariatric surgical patient: a reviewCharlene W Compher
University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing, 418 Curie Boulevard, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6096, USA
Obes Surg 18:220-4. 2008..The purpose of this review was to describe current knowledge about vitamin D and severe obesity, and the impact of obesity surgery on vitamin D status...
- Obesity and inflammation: lessons from bariatric surgeryCharlene Compher
University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6096, USA
JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr 32:645-7. 2008..Obesity is associated with a series of comorbid conditions that are characterized by an inflammatory state. The purpose of this review is to update knowledge about obesity, adipose tissue, and inflammation...
- Energy absorption is reduced with oleic acid supplements in human short bowel syndromeCharlene W Compher
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104 6096, USA
JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr 33:102-8. 2009..The aims of this study were to determine whether oleic acid supplements would lengthen transit time and improve absorption of nutrients in study participants with short bowel syndrome as well as affect diarrhea or patient weight...
- Ghrelin does not predict adaptive hyperphagia in patients with short bowel syndromeCharlene W Compher
University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing, Philadelphia 19104 6096, USA
JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr 33:428-32. 2009..GHR also acts as a hormone to control body fat stores. The authors evaluated whether GHR or PYY was related to caloric intake or absorption in patients with short bowel syndrome and whether GHR was associated with body mass index...
- Maintenance of parenteral nutrition volume reduction, without weight loss, after stopping teduglutide in a subset of patients with short bowel syndromeCharlene Compher
Department of Nutrition, University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing, Philadelphia, PA 19104 4217, USA
JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr 35:603-9. 2011..This study was describes change in body mass index (BMI) and PN volume over 12 months in patients who stopped drug after the clinical trial...
- Systemic inflammatory mediators and bone homeostasis in intestinal failureCharlene Compher
University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104 6096, USA
JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr 31:142-7. 2007..The purpose of this study was to examine whether inflammation was related to bone disease...
- Harris-Benedict equations do not adequately predict energy requirements in elderly hospitalized African AmericansCharlene Compher
School of Nursing, Health System, and Department of Clinical Nutrition Support, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6096, USA
J Natl Med Assoc 96:209-14. 2004..Because data on energy requirements for the elderly are limited, particularly for African-American patients, predictions are commonly made with equations derived from a younger, caucasian, cohort from 80 years ago...
- Comparison between Medgem and Deltatrac resting metabolic rate measurementsC Compher
Penn Nursing, School of Nursing, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6096, USA
Eur J Clin Nutr 59:1136-41. 2005..The primary aims of this trial were to evaluate the reproducibility of a portable handheld calorimeter (Medgem) in a clinical population, and to compare its measures with a calorimeter in typical use with these patients...
- Best practice methods to apply to measurement of resting metabolic rate in adults: a systematic reviewCharlene Compher
Penn Nursing and Hospital of University of Pennsylvania Clinical Nutrition Support Service, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
J Am Diet Assoc 106:881-903. 2006..A 10-minute test duration with the first 5 minutes discarded and the remaining 5 minutes having a coefficient of variation of <10% will give an accurate measure of RMR...
- Children's food store, restaurant, and home food environments and their relationship with body mass index: a pilot studyJoanna E Holsten
School of Nursing, University of Pennsylvania, Phildelphia, Pennsylvania 19104 4217, USA
Ecol Food Nutr 51:58-78. 2012..Potential design problems included the homogeneous store environments and low restaurant exposure of the sample recruited from one school, and the adequacy of a single cross-sectional measure of the home environment...
- Total homocysteine concentration and associated cardiovascular and renal implications in adultsCarol Bergen
Penn Nursing, University of Pennsylvania, 420 Guardian Drive, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6096, USA
J Cardiovasc Nurs 21:40-6. 2006....
- Intestinal failure-associated metabolic bone diseases and response to teriparatideMichael Pazianas
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, 3615 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
Nutr Clin Pract 21:605-9. 2006..Her bone mineral density normalized after she completed a course of 18 months of treatment, and a bone isotope scan was negative for skeletal malignancy...
- Accurate determination of energy needs in hospitalized patientsJoseph Boullata
University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6096, USA
J Am Diet Assoc 107:393-401. 2007....
- Living long with short bowel syndrome: a historical case of twenty-nine years of living with home parenteral nutritionJulie Fairman
University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104 6096, USA
JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr 31:127-34. 2007..This paper traces the 29-year survival of Robert Thomas, who received home parenteral nutrition (PN), and contrasts his oral narrative with the clinical history of PN...
- The nutrition transition in American IndiansCharlene Compher
University of Pennsylvania, USA
J Transcult Nurs 17:217-23. 2006..To improve AI health and survival, the obesity epidemic must be approached in a concerted, culturally appropriate manner with encouragement of traditional foods and safe opportunities for physical activity...
- Perioperative parenteral nutrition: impact on morbidity and mortality in surgical patientsCharlene W Compher
Penn Nursing and Department of Surgery, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
Nutr Clin Pract 20:460-7. 2005
- Albumin infusion after reperfusion prevents gut ischemia-reperfusion-induced gut-associated lymphoid tissue atrophyFumie Ikezawa
Division of Basic Traumatology, National Defense Medical College Research Institute, Tokorozawa, Japan
JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr 30:380-6; discussion 386-7. 2006..On day 7, there were no significant differences in any of the parameters measured among the 3 groups. CONCLUSIONS: Albumin infusion after a gut ischemic insult may maintain gut immunity by preventing GALT atrophy...
- Total parenteral nutrition, an ally in the management of patients with intestinal failure and malnutrition: a long-term viewCarolyn T Spencer
JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr 27:374-81. 2003
- Oleic Acid Effects on Transit and Absorption in SBSCharlene Compher; Fiscal Year: 2004....