Sean P Clarke

Summary

Affiliation: University of Pennsylvania
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi Failure to rescue: lessons from missed opportunities in care
    Sean P Clarke
    University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
    Nurs Inq 11:67-71. 2004
  2. ncbi The policy implications of staffing-outcomes research
    Sean P Clarke
    Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research, University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing, 420 Guardian Drive, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    J Nurs Adm 35:17-9. 2005
  3. ncbi Job satisfaction survey report
    Sean P Clarke
    Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    Nursing 37:43-7. 2007
  4. ncbi Nurse staffing in acute care settings: research perspectives and practice implications
    Sean P Clarke
    Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, USA
    Jt Comm J Qual Patient Saf 33:30-44. 2007
  5. ncbi International collaborations in nursing research: the experience of the International Hospital Outcomes Study
    Sean P Clarke
    Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research, University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing, Philadelphia, 19104 6096, USA
    Appl Nurs Res 17:134-6; discussion 136. 2004
  6. ncbi Sharp-device injuries to hospital staff nurses in 4 countries
    Sean P Clarke
    Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, 19104, USA
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 28:473-8. 2007
  7. ncbi Hospital work environments, nurse characteristics, and sharps injuries
    Sean P Clarke
    Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research, University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6096, USA
    Am J Infect Control 35:302-9. 2007
  8. ncbi Racial segregation and differential outcomes in hospital care
    Sean P Clarke
    University of Pennsylvania, USA
    West J Nurs Res 29:739-57. 2007
  9. ncbi Commentary on West E, Barron DN and Reeves R (2005) Overcoming the barriers to patient-centred care: time, tools and training. Journal of Clinical Nursing 14, 435-443
    Sean P Clarke
    Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research, University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6096, USA
    J Clin Nurs 15:645-6. 2006
  10. pmc An international hospital outcomes research agenda focused on nursing: lessons from a decade of collaboration
    Sean P Clarke
    Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6096, USA
    J Clin Nurs 17:3317-23. 2008

Research Grants

Detail Information

Publications48

  1. ncbi Failure to rescue: lessons from missed opportunities in care
    Sean P Clarke
    University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
    Nurs Inq 11:67-71. 2004
  2. ncbi The policy implications of staffing-outcomes research
    Sean P Clarke
    Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research, University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing, 420 Guardian Drive, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    J Nurs Adm 35:17-9. 2005
  3. ncbi Job satisfaction survey report
    Sean P Clarke
    Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    Nursing 37:43-7. 2007
  4. ncbi Nurse staffing in acute care settings: research perspectives and practice implications
    Sean P Clarke
    Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, USA
    Jt Comm J Qual Patient Saf 33:30-44. 2007
    ..The research literature linking nurse staffing and outcomes has expanded radically at a time of profound changes in human resources and financial management in hospitals and health care systems...
  5. ncbi International collaborations in nursing research: the experience of the International Hospital Outcomes Study
    Sean P Clarke
    Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research, University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing, Philadelphia, 19104 6096, USA
    Appl Nurs Res 17:134-6; discussion 136. 2004
  6. ncbi Sharp-device injuries to hospital staff nurses in 4 countries
    Sean P Clarke
    Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, 19104, USA
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 28:473-8. 2007
    ..To compare sharp-device injury rates among hospital staff nurses in 4 Western countries...
  7. ncbi Hospital work environments, nurse characteristics, and sharps injuries
    Sean P Clarke
    Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research, University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6096, USA
    Am J Infect Control 35:302-9. 2007
    ..A growing body of research links working conditions, such as staffing levels and work environment characteristics, with safety for both patients and workers in health care settings, including sharps injuries in hospital staff nurses...
  8. ncbi Racial segregation and differential outcomes in hospital care
    Sean P Clarke
    University of Pennsylvania, USA
    West J Nurs Res 29:739-57. 2007
    ..Future research should examine how access, patient choice, hospital organization, processes of care, and factors related to nursing care might influence hospital outcomes for patients from different racial backgrounds...
  9. ncbi Commentary on West E, Barron DN and Reeves R (2005) Overcoming the barriers to patient-centred care: time, tools and training. Journal of Clinical Nursing 14, 435-443
    Sean P Clarke
    Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research, University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6096, USA
    J Clin Nurs 15:645-6. 2006
  10. pmc An international hospital outcomes research agenda focused on nursing: lessons from a decade of collaboration
    Sean P Clarke
    Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6096, USA
    J Clin Nurs 17:3317-23. 2008
    ..To describe the origins, design and outcomes of an international hospital outcomes collaboration focused on nursing issues...
  11. ncbi Failure to rescue
    Sean P Clarke
    Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research, University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing, 420 Guardian Drive, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6096, USA
    Am J Nurs 103:42-7. 2003
  12. ncbi Secondary analysis: theoretical, methodological, and practical considerations
    S P Clarke
    Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research, University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing, Philadelphia, USA
    Can J Nurs Res 32:109-29. 2000
    ..It also offers practical suggestions for undertaking a secondary analysis and criteria for evaluating secondary analyses...
  13. pmc Effects of hospital staffing and organizational climate on needlestick injuries to nurses
    Sean P Clarke
    Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research, University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing, Philadelphia, 19104 6096, USA
    Am J Public Health 92:1115-9. 2002
    ..This study determined the effects of nurse staffing and nursing organization on the likelihood of needlestick injuries in hospital nurses...
  14. pmc Effects of hospital care environment on patient mortality and nurse outcomes
    Linda H Aiken
    Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research, University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104 6096, USA
    J Nurs Adm 38:223-9. 2008
    ..The objective of this study was to analyze the net effects of nurse practice environments on nurse and patient outcomes after accounting for nurse staffing and education...
  15. ncbi Hospital nurse staffing and patient mortality, nurse burnout, and job dissatisfaction
    Linda H Aiken
    Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research, School of Nursing, University of Pennsylvania, 420 Guardian Dr, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6096, USA
    JAMA 288:1987-93. 2002
    ....
  16. pmc Implications of the California nurse staffing mandate for other states
    Linda H Aiken
    Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research, University of Pennsylvania, 418 Curie Blvd, Philadelphia, PA 19104 4217, USA
    Health Serv Res 45:904-21. 2010
    ....
  17. pmc Educational levels of hospital nurses and surgical patient mortality
    Linda H Aiken
    Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research, School of Nursing, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia 19104 6096, USA
    JAMA 290:1617-23. 2003
    ..Growing evidence suggests that nurse staffing affects the quality of care in hospitals, but little is known about whether the educational composition of registered nurses (RNs) in hospitals is related to patient outcomes...
  18. ncbi Needlestick injuries to nurses, in context
    Sean P Clarke
    Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research, School of Nursing, University of Pennsylvania, USA
    LDI Issue Brief 8:1-4. 2002
    ..This Issue Brief summarizes a series of studies that investigate whether workplace aspects of the hospital (such as staffing levels, and organizational structure and climate) affect the risk of needlestick injuries to nurses...
  19. ncbi Organizational climate, staffing, and safety equipment as predictors of needlestick injuries and near-misses in hospital nurses
    Sean P Clarke
    Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research, University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing, 420 Guardian Drive, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Am J Infect Control 30:207-16. 2002
    ....
  20. ncbi Hospital staffing, organization, and quality of care: cross-national findings
    Linda H Aiken
    Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research, University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing, Philadelphia 19104 6069, USA
    Int J Qual Health Care 14:5-13. 2002
    ..To examine the effects of nurse staffing and organizational support for nursing care on nurses' dissatisfaction with their jobs, nurse burnout, and nurse reports of quality of patient care in an international sample of hospitals...
  21. ncbi Hospital staffing, organization, and quality of care: Cross-national findings
    Linda H Aiken
    Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research, University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing, Department of Sociology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia 19104, USA
    Nurs Outlook 50:187-94. 2002
    ..To examine the effects of nurse staffing and organizational support for nursing care on nurses' dissatisfaction with their jobs, nurse burnout, and nurse reports of quality of patient care in an international sample of hospitals...
  22. pmc Supplemental nurse staffing in hospitals and quality of care
    Linda H Aiken
    Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research, University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104 6096, USA
    J Nurs Adm 37:335-42. 2007
    ..To promote evidence-based decision making regarding hospital staffing, the authors examined the characteristics of supplemental nurses, as well as the relationship of supplemental staff to nurse outcomes and adverse events...
  23. ncbi Organizational climate and culture factors
    Sean P Clarke
    Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research, School of Nursing, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, USA
    Annu Rev Nurs Res 24:255-72. 2006
    ..In this review, definitions and measures of these terms are explored, the state of the research literature connecting culture and climate with safety is reviewed, and directions for future research and leadership practice are outlined...
  24. doi The nurse shortage: where we stand and where we're headed
    Sean P Clarke
    University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing s Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research, PA, USA
    Nurs Manage 39:22-7; quiz 28. 2008
    ..Understanding what's driving the shortage and what's predicted will help you choose the best strategies for addressing its causes and dealing with its consequences...
  25. ncbi Hospital nurse staffing, education, and patient mortality
    Linda H Aiken
    Leonard Davis Institute of Health Economics, University of Pennsylvania, 3641 Locust Walk, Philadelphia, PA, 19104 6218, USA
    LDI Issue Brief 9:1-4. 2003
    ....
  26. ncbi Head and neck cancer patient and family member interest in and use of E-mail to communicate with clinicians
    Sarah H Kagan
    School of Nursing and Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, University of Pennsylvania, 420 Guardian Drive, Room 365, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6096, USA
    Head Neck 27:976-81. 2005
    ..This study aimed to describe patients' and family members' interest in and use of E-mail with their surgeons and nurses after head and neck cancer surgery...
  27. pmc Challenges and directions for nursing in the pay-for-performance movement
    Sean P Clarke
    Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research, University of Pennsylvania, School of Nursing, PA, USA
    Policy Polit Nurs Pract 9:127-34. 2008
    ....
  28. pmc The effect of work hours on adverse events and errors in health care
    Danielle M Olds
    Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research, School of Nursing, University of Pennsylvania, USA
    J Safety Res 41:153-62. 2010
    ..We studied the relationship between registered nurses' extended work duration with adverse events and errors, including needlestick injuries, work-related injuries, patient falls with injury, nosocomial infections, and medication errors...
  29. ncbi Balancing staffing and safety
    Sean P Clarke
    Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research, University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing, Philadelphia, USA
    Nurs Manage 34:44-8. 2003
    ..Several high-profile research studies link nurse staffing and patient safety...
  30. ncbi Surgeons' and nurses' use of e-mail communication with head and neck cancer patients
    Sarah H Kagan
    Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, School of Nursing, University of Pennsylvania, 420 Guardian Drive, Room 365, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6096, USA
    Head Neck 27:108-13. 2005
    ..E-mail use may improve communication between patients and clinicians. This study aimed to describe surgeons' and nurses' use of E-mail with patients and their caregivers after head and neck cancer surgery...
  31. ncbi Effects of hospital care environment on patient mortality and nurse outcomes
    Linda H Aiken
    Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research, University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104 6096, USA
    J Nurs Adm 39:S45-51. 2009
    ..CONCLUSION: Care environment elements must be optimized alongside nurse staffing and education to achieve high quality of care...
  32. ncbi Maximize your efficiency: a staff report
    Sean P Clarke
    University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing, Philadelphia, USA
    Nurs Manage 37:58-60. 2006
  33. pmc Nurse burnout and patient satisfaction
    Doris C Vahey
    Mount Sinai Medical Center, Department of Nursing, New York, NY, USA
    Med Care 42:II57-66. 2004
    ..Amid a national nurse shortage, there is growing concern that high levels of nurse burnout could adversely affect patient outcomes...
  34. pmc Nursing care and patient outcomes: international evidence
    Robyn B Cheung
    Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing Philadelphia Estados Unidos
    Enferm Clin 18:35-40. 2008
    ..The Magnet hospital program is one model that has been shown to improve nurse and patient outcomes and is one solution to the shortage of hospital nurses...
  35. pmc Medical emergency team calls in the radiology department: patient characteristics and outcomes
    Lora K Ott
    School of Nursing, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
    BMJ Qual Saf 21:509-18. 2012
    ..We sought to identify the characteristics of patients who experience medical emergency team calls in the radiology department (MET-RD) and the relationship between these characteristics and patient outcomes...
  36. ncbi Psychiatric comorbidity and greater hospitalization risk, longer length of stay, and higher hospitalization costs in older adults with heart failure
    Steven L Sayers
    VISN 4 Mental Illness, Research, Education and Clinical Center, Philadelphia Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA
    J Am Geriatr Soc 55:1585-91. 2007
    ..To explore associations between psychiatric comorbidity and rehospitalization risk, length of hospitalization, and costs...
  37. ncbi Adopt outcomes-focused strategies into your practice
    Sean P Clarke
    Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research, University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    Nurs Manage 38:50-2. 2007
  38. pmc Relationships between registered nurse staffing, processes of nursing care, and nurse-reported patient outcomes in chronic hemodialysis units
    Charlotte Thomas-Hawkins
    College of Nursing, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, Newark, NJ, USA
    Nephrol Nurs J 35:123-30, 145; quiz 131. 2008
    ....
  39. ncbi International experts' perspectives on the state of the nurse staffing and patient outcomes literature
    Koen Van den Heede
    Center for Health Services and Nursing Research, Catholic University Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
    J Nurs Scholarsh 39:290-7. 2007
    ..To assess the key variables used in research on nurse staffing and patient outcomes from the perspective of an international panel...
  40. ncbi Reviewing peer review: the three reviewers you meet at submission time
    Sean P Clarke
    Can J Nurs Res 38:5-9. 2006
  41. ncbi Internet research in an international context
    Marianne Baernholdt
    School of Nursing, University of Virginia, P O Box 800782, Charlottesville, VA 22908, USA
    Appl Nurs Res 19:48-50; discussion 50. 2006
    ..Despite these challenges, electronic surveys offer a promising alternative to conventional mail surveys...
  42. ncbi Validation of the Basel Extent of Rationing of Nursing Care instrument
    Maria Schubert
    Institute of Nursing Science, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland
    Nurs Res 56:416-24. 2007
    ..This instrument was used in the Swiss part of the International Hospital Outcome Study, in which implicit rationing of nursing care was studied...
  43. ncbi Registered nurse staffing and patient outcomes in acute care: looking back, pushing forward
    Sean P Clarke
    Med Care 45:1126-8. 2007
  44. pmc Outcomes of variation in hospital nurse staffing in English hospitals: cross-sectional analysis of survey data and discharge records
    Anne Marie Rafferty
    Florence Nightingale School of Nursing and Midwifery, King s College London, James Clerk Maxwell Building, 57 Waterloo Road, London SE1 8WA, UK
    Int J Nurs Stud 44:175-82. 2007
    ..Despite growing evidence in the US, little evidence has been available to evaluate whether internationally, hospitals in which nurses care for fewer patients have better outcomes in terms of patient survival and nurse retention...
  45. ncbi Made in Canada? In search of a national research identity
    Sean P Clarke
    Can J Nurs Res 36:3-6. 2004
  46. ncbi [Advice for authors. Four principal reasons for manuscript rejection]
    Sean P Clarke
    L Ecole des Sciences Infimières de l Université de Pennsylvanie
    Perspect Infirm 3:35-9. 2006
  47. ncbi Impact factors and the law of unintended consequences
    Laurie N Gottlieb
    Can J Nurs Res 37:5-10. 2005
  48. pmc Nurses' working conditions: implications for infectious disease
    Patricia W Stone
    Columbia University School of Nursing, New York, New York 10032, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 10:1984-9. 2004
    ..Understanding and improving nurses' working conditions can potentially decrease the incidence of many infectious diseases. Relevant research is reviewed, and policy options are discussed...

Research Grants1

  1. Risk Factors and Incidence of Sharps Injuries to Nurses
    Sean Clarke; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The public health impact relates to better strategies for control of exposure to bloodborne pathogens in healthcare workers as well as improving workplace safety more generally. ..