Philippa J Clarke

Summary

Affiliation: University of Michigan
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc Life course health and socioeconomic profiles of Americans aging with disability
    Philippa Clarke
    Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, 426 Thompson Street, Room 3330 ISR, Ann Arbor, MI 48104, USA Electronic address
    Disabil Health J 7:S15-23. 2014
  2. pmc College expectations in high school mitigate weight gain over early adulthood: Findings from a national study of American youth
    Philippa J Clarke
    Survey Research Center, Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, MI, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 21:1321-7. 2013
  3. pmc Optimizing mobility in later life: the role of the urban built environment for older adults aging in place
    Philippa Clarke
    Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, 426 Thompson Street, Ann Arbor, MI, 48104, USA
    J Urban Health 90:997-1009. 2013
  4. pmc Cognitive function in the community setting: the neighbourhood as a source of 'cognitive reserve'?
    Philippa J Clarke
    Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, 426 Thompson Street, Ann Arbor, MI 48104, USA
    J Epidemiol Community Health 66:730-6. 2012
  5. pmc Aging in a cultural context: cross-national differences in disability and the moderating role of personal control among older adults in the United States and England
    Philippa Clarke
    Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48106 1248, USA
    J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci 66:457-67. 2011
  6. ncbi request reprint Cognitive impairment predicts fatal incident stroke: findings from a national sample of older adults
    Philippa J Clarke
    Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
    J Am Geriatr Soc 59:1490-6. 2011
  7. pmc Participation among adults with disability: the role of the urban environment
    Philippa J Clarke
    Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, 426 Thompson Street, Ann Arbor, MI 48106, United States
    Soc Sci Med 72:1674-84. 2011
  8. pmc Using Google Earth to conduct a neighborhood audit: reliability of a virtual audit instrument
    Philippa Clarke
    Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
    Health Place 16:1224-9. 2010
  9. pmc Midlife health and socioeconomic consequences of persistent overweight across early adulthood: findings from a national survey of American adults (1986-2008)
    Philippa J Clarke
    Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48106 1248, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 172:540-8. 2010
  10. pmc Differential trends in weight-related health behaviors among American young adults by gender, race/ethnicity, and socioeconomic status: 1984-2006
    Philippa J Clarke
    Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, 426 Thompson Street, Ann Arbor, MI 48104, USA
    Am J Public Health 99:1893-901. 2009

Detail Information

Publications21

  1. pmc Life course health and socioeconomic profiles of Americans aging with disability
    Philippa Clarke
    Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, 426 Thompson Street, Room 3330 ISR, Ann Arbor, MI 48104, USA Electronic address
    Disabil Health J 7:S15-23. 2014
    ....
  2. pmc College expectations in high school mitigate weight gain over early adulthood: Findings from a national study of American youth
    Philippa J Clarke
    Survey Research Center, Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, MI, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 21:1321-7. 2013
    ....
  3. pmc Optimizing mobility in later life: the role of the urban built environment for older adults aging in place
    Philippa Clarke
    Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, 426 Thompson Street, Ann Arbor, MI, 48104, USA
    J Urban Health 90:997-1009. 2013
    ..18, 95 % CI = 1.01, 1.41). These findings emphasize the importance of the built environment for mobility among urban-dwelling older adults. ..
  4. pmc Cognitive function in the community setting: the neighbourhood as a source of 'cognitive reserve'?
    Philippa J Clarke
    Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, 426 Thompson Street, Ann Arbor, MI 48104, USA
    J Epidemiol Community Health 66:730-6. 2012
    ..Existing research has found a positive association between cognitive function and residence in a socioeconomically advantaged neighbourhood. Yet, the mechanisms underlying this relationship have not been empirically investigated...
  5. pmc Aging in a cultural context: cross-national differences in disability and the moderating role of personal control among older adults in the United States and England
    Philippa Clarke
    Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48106 1248, USA
    J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci 66:457-67. 2011
    ..K. and United States. We examine the moderating role of control beliefs in the relationship between physical function and self-reported difficulty with daily activities...
  6. ncbi request reprint Cognitive impairment predicts fatal incident stroke: findings from a national sample of older adults
    Philippa J Clarke
    Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
    J Am Geriatr Soc 59:1490-6. 2011
    ..To investigate the effect of cognitive impairment on fatal and nonfatal incident stroke in older adults...
  7. pmc Participation among adults with disability: the role of the urban environment
    Philippa J Clarke
    Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, 426 Thompson Street, Ann Arbor, MI 48106, United States
    Soc Sci Med 72:1674-84. 2011
    ..Results varied across levels of spatial scale. Simple changes in urban built environments may facilitate the full participation of all persons in society...
  8. pmc Using Google Earth to conduct a neighborhood audit: reliability of a virtual audit instrument
    Philippa Clarke
    Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
    Health Place 16:1224-9. 2010
    ..Using the internet to conduct a neighborhood audit has the potential to significantly reduce the costs of collecting data objectively and unobtrusively...
  9. pmc Midlife health and socioeconomic consequences of persistent overweight across early adulthood: findings from a national survey of American adults (1986-2008)
    Philippa J Clarke
    Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48106 1248, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 172:540-8. 2010
    ..76, 95% CI: 1.49, 2.04). These findings highlight the importance of addressing persistent obesity and overweight early in the life course...
  10. pmc Differential trends in weight-related health behaviors among American young adults by gender, race/ethnicity, and socioeconomic status: 1984-2006
    Philippa J Clarke
    Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, 426 Thompson Street, Ann Arbor, MI 48104, USA
    Am J Public Health 99:1893-901. 2009
    ..We investigated temporal patterns from 1984 to 2006 in 6 weight-related health behaviors by using longitudinal data for multiple cohorts of young adults (aged 19-26 years) from the nationally representative Monitoring the Future Study...
  11. doi request reprint Environments for healthy ageing: a critical review
    Philippa Clarke
    Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, 426 Thompson Street, Ann Arbor, MI 48106 1248, United States
    Maturitas 64:14-9. 2009
    ..We conclude by offering some suggestions and directions for future research in this area...
  12. pmc The role of the built environment in the disablement process
    Philippa Clarke
    Center for the Study of Aging and Human Development, Duke University
    Am J Public Health 95:1933-9. 2005
    ..Independence in self-care activities is modified by housing density, in part through the effect of substandard and inadequate housing...
  13. doi request reprint When can group level clustering be ignored? Multilevel models versus single-level models with sparse data
    P Clarke
    Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, 426 Thompson Street, Ann Arbor, MI 48106 1248, USA
    J Epidemiol Community Health 62:752-8. 2008
    ..The use of multilevel modelling with data from population-based surveys is often limited by the small number of cases per level-2 unit, prompting many researchers to use single-level techniques such as ordinary least squares regression...
  14. pmc Mobility disability and the urban built environment
    Philippa Clarke
    Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48106 1248, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 168:506-13. 2008
    ..If street quality could be improved, even somewhat, for those adults at greatest risk for disability in outdoor mobility, the disablement process could be slowed or even reversed...
  15. pmc Social disparities in BMI trajectories across adulthood by gender, race/ethnicity and lifetime socio-economic position: 1986-2004
    Philippa Clarke
    Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48106 1248, USA
    Int J Epidemiol 38:499-509. 2009
    ..No national studies to date have examined how social disparities in obesity and overweight differ by age and historical period using longitudinal data with repeated measures...
  16. doi request reprint The use of mobility devices among institutionalized older adults
    Philippa Clarke
    Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, 426 Thompson Street, Ann Arbor, MI 48106, USA
    J Aging Health 21:611-26. 2009
    ..The purpose of this article is to examine the demographic, health, and social characteristics of mobility device users in long-term care settings...
  17. pmc Understanding the experience of stroke: a mixed-method research agenda
    Philippa Clarke
    Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48106, USA
    Gerontologist 49:293-302. 2009
    ..Using real data examples, I address paradigmatic assumptions, methods of integration, as well as challenges and pitfalls in integrating methods. I conclude by considering future directions in this field of research...
  18. pmc Urban built environments and trajectories of mobility disability: findings from a national sample of community-dwelling American adults (1986-2001)
    Philippa Clarke
    Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, 426 Thompson Street, 48106 Ann Arbor, MI, USA
    Soc Sci Med 69:964-70. 2009
    ..When considering ways to minimize disability as the population ages, simple changes in the built environment may be easier to implement than efforts to change risk factors at the individual level...
  19. pmc Influences on neighborhood walking in older adults
    Nancy A Gallagher
    College of Nursing, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, USA
    Res Gerontol Nurs 5:238-50. 2012
    ..6%. Self-efficacy, sex, and design influenced walking. Neighborhood walking interventions for older adults should include self-efficacy strategies tailored to mobility status and neighborhood characteristics...
  20. ncbi request reprint Wheelchair use among community-dwelling older adults: Prevalence and risk factors in a national sample
    Philippa Clarke
    Center for the Study of Aging and Human Development, Duke University, Box 3003, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA
    Can J Aging 24:191-8. 2005
    ..The number of chronic health conditions and being unmarried also increased the odds of wheelchair use. This paper quantifies the risk of wheelchair use according to critical factors that can be used to project use and plan for services...
  21. ncbi request reprint Well-being after stroke in Canadian seniors: findings from the Canadian Study of Health and Aging
    Philippa Clarke
    Institute for Human Development, Life Course, and Aging, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Stroke 33:1016-21. 2002
    ..The purpose of this research was to investigate patterns of well-being in community-dwelling stroke survivors to identify those factors that restrict and enhance well-being...

Research Grants2

  1. Urban Built Environments and Trajectories of Disability Among Older Adults
    Philippa Clarke; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This project addresses one of CDC's Health Protection Goals, "Healthy People in Healthy Places", by focusing on the design of built environments that define healthy communities for older adults at risk for disability. ..
  2. Urban Built Environments and Trajectories of Disability Among Older Adults
    Philippa Clarke; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..This project addresses one of CDC's Health Protection Goals, "Healthy People in Healthy Places", by focusing on the design of built environments that define healthy communities for older adults at risk for disability. ..