Dean Chou

Summary

Affiliation: University of California
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Spontaneous regression of a discal cyst. Case report
    Dean Chou
    Department of Neurological Surgery, Division of Neuroradiology, University of California, San Francisco, California 94143 0112, USA
    J Neurosurg Spine 6:81-4. 2007
  2. doi request reprint The treatment of lumbar adjacent segment pathology after a previous lumbar surgery: a systematic review
    Dean Chou
    Department of Neurosurgery, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 37:S180-8. 2012
  3. doi request reprint Two-level en bloc spondylectomy for osteosarcoma at the cervicothoracic junction
    Dean Chou
    Department of Neurological Surgery, University of California San Francisco, 505 Parnassus Avenue, Box 0112, San Francisco, California 94143 0112, USA
    J Clin Neurosci 16:698-700. 2009
  4. doi request reprint Trap-door rib-head osteotomies for posterior placement of expandable cages after transpedicular corpectomy: an alternative to lateral extracavitary and costotransversectomy approaches
    Dean Chou
    Department of Neurological Surgery, University of California, San Francisco, California, USA
    J Neurosurg Spine 10:40-5. 2009
  5. doi request reprint Rib-head osteotomies for posterior placement of expandable cages in the treatment of metastatic thoracic spine tumors
    Dean Chou
    Department of Neurosurgery, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California 94143 0112, USA
    J Clin Neurosci 15:1043-7. 2008
  6. doi request reprint Adjacent-level vertebral body fractures after expandable cage reconstruction
    Dean Chou
    Department of Neurological Surgery, University of California San Francisco, California 94143 0112, USA
    J Neurosurg Spine 8:584-8. 2008
  7. doi request reprint Primary dural repair during minimally invasive microdiscectomy using standard operating room instruments
    Dean Chou
    Department of Neurosurgery, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California 94143 0350, USA
    Neurosurgery 64:356-8; discussion 358-9. 2009
  8. doi request reprint Mini-open transpedicular corpectomies with expandable cage reconstruction. Technical note
    Dean Chou
    Department of Neurosurgery, University of California, San Francisco, California 94143 0112, USA
    J Neurosurg Spine 14:71-7. 2011
  9. doi request reprint Degenerative magnetic resonance imaging changes in patients with chronic low back pain: a systematic review
    Dean Chou
    Department of Neurosurgery, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 36:S43-53. 2011
  10. doi request reprint Parasagittal osteotomy for en bloc resection of multilevel cervical chordomas
    Dean Chou
    Department of Neurological Surgery, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94143 0350, USA
    J Neurosurg Spine 10:397-403. 2009

Detail Information

Publications55

  1. ncbi request reprint Spontaneous regression of a discal cyst. Case report
    Dean Chou
    Department of Neurological Surgery, Division of Neuroradiology, University of California, San Francisco, California 94143 0112, USA
    J Neurosurg Spine 6:81-4. 2007
    ..The natural history of this pathological entity is unknown, and to the authors' knowledge this is the first detailed report of the regression of a discal cyst without surgery or aspiration...
  2. doi request reprint The treatment of lumbar adjacent segment pathology after a previous lumbar surgery: a systematic review
    Dean Chou
    Department of Neurosurgery, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 37:S180-8. 2012
    ..Systematic review...
  3. doi request reprint Two-level en bloc spondylectomy for osteosarcoma at the cervicothoracic junction
    Dean Chou
    Department of Neurological Surgery, University of California San Francisco, 505 Parnassus Avenue, Box 0112, San Francisco, California 94143 0112, USA
    J Clin Neurosci 16:698-700. 2009
    ..We present a 22-year-old female with a two-level vertebral involvement at the cervicothoracic junction who underwent a two-level en bloc spondylectomy for osteosarcoma, and we describe our technique...
  4. doi request reprint Trap-door rib-head osteotomies for posterior placement of expandable cages after transpedicular corpectomy: an alternative to lateral extracavitary and costotransversectomy approaches
    Dean Chou
    Department of Neurological Surgery, University of California, San Francisco, California, USA
    J Neurosurg Spine 10:40-5. 2009
    ..The authors describe a technique of using a "trap-door" rib-head osteotomy that avoids pleural dissection, yet allows a large expandable cage to be placed from an entirely posterior approach...
  5. doi request reprint Rib-head osteotomies for posterior placement of expandable cages in the treatment of metastatic thoracic spine tumors
    Dean Chou
    Department of Neurosurgery, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California 94143 0112, USA
    J Clin Neurosci 15:1043-7. 2008
    ..We describe a technical note that may facilitate the placement of an expandable cage in the thoracic spine after posterior transpedicular corpectomies...
  6. doi request reprint Adjacent-level vertebral body fractures after expandable cage reconstruction
    Dean Chou
    Department of Neurological Surgery, University of California San Francisco, California 94143 0112, USA
    J Neurosurg Spine 8:584-8. 2008
    ..The authors report 4 cases of adjacent-level vertebral body fractures after placement of expandable cages. This study found that the fracture pattern in the coronal plane was similar in all cases...
  7. doi request reprint Primary dural repair during minimally invasive microdiscectomy using standard operating room instruments
    Dean Chou
    Department of Neurosurgery, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California 94143 0350, USA
    Neurosurgery 64:356-8; discussion 358-9. 2009
    ..One reason for the difficulty in a primary closure is that the small tube limits the use of proper opening and closing of standard dural repair instruments as well as the proper angulation of the instruments...
  8. doi request reprint Mini-open transpedicular corpectomies with expandable cage reconstruction. Technical note
    Dean Chou
    Department of Neurosurgery, University of California, San Francisco, California 94143 0112, USA
    J Neurosurg Spine 14:71-7. 2011
    ..This is performed using percutaneous pedicle screws, the trap-door rib-head osteotomy, and a single midline fascial exposure. The authors describe this technique with intraoperative photos and a video demonstrating the technique...
  9. doi request reprint Degenerative magnetic resonance imaging changes in patients with chronic low back pain: a systematic review
    Dean Chou
    Department of Neurosurgery, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 36:S43-53. 2011
    ..Systematic review...
  10. doi request reprint Parasagittal osteotomy for en bloc resection of multilevel cervical chordomas
    Dean Chou
    Department of Neurological Surgery, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94143 0350, USA
    J Neurosurg Spine 10:397-403. 2009
    ..The authors report their management of 3 multilevel cervical chordomas and describe their technique of en bloc tumor removal using parasagittal osteotomy...
  11. doi request reprint Transpedicular corpectomy with posterior expandable cage placement for L1 burst fracture
    Dean Chou
    Department of Neurological Surgery, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California 94143 0350, USA
    J Clin Neurosci 16:1069-72. 2009
    ..We describe our surgical procedure in this technical note...
  12. doi request reprint Rib head disarticulation for multilevel transpedicular thoracic corpectomies and expandable cage reconstruction
    Dean Chou
    Department of Neurological Surgery, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94143 0112, USA
    Neurol India 57:469-74. 2009
    ..This avoids pleural dissection and affords expandable cage placement through a transpedicular approach...
  13. doi request reprint Surgical technique of temporary arterial occlusion in the operative management of spinal hemangioblastomas
    Aaron J Clark
    Department of Neurological Surgery, University of California, San Francisco, California, USA
    World Neurosurg 74:200-5. 2010
    ..Although benign, their highly vascular nature makes resection challenging. A major difficulty involves intraoperative differentiation of vessels supplying the tumor from those supplying the spinal cord...
  14. doi request reprint Anterior thoracolumbar corpectomies: approach morbidity with and without an access surgeon
    Seunggu J Han
    Department of Neurological Surgery, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California 94143, USA
    Neurosurgery 68:1220-5; discussion 1225-6. 2011
    ..Anterior approaches for thoracolumbar corpectomies can have significant morbidity. Spine surgeons have historically performed their own anterior approaches, but recently access surgeons are being used more frequently...
  15. ncbi request reprint Surgical management of cervical and lumbosacral radiculopathies: indications and outcomes
    Phillip B Storm
    Department of Neurological Surgery, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 725 North Wolfe Street, 817 Hunterian Boulevard, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Phys Med Rehabil Clin N Am 13:735-59. 2002
    ....
  16. doi request reprint Pedicle subtraction osteotomies for the correction of post-traumatic thoracolumbar kyphosis
    Dean Chou
    Department of Neurological Surgery, University of California San Francisco, 400 Parnassus Ave, Box 0350 San Francisco, California 94143 0350, USA
    J Clin Neurosci 17:113-7. 2010
    ..We apply this technique in the setting of post-traumatic kyphosis, and we performed the osteotomies at the level of the compression fracture...
  17. doi request reprint Long-term biomechanical stability and clinical improvement after extended multilevel corpectomy and circumferential reconstruction of the cervical spine using titanium mesh cages
    Frank L Acosta
    Department of Neurological Surgery, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA
    J Spinal Disord Tech 21:165-74. 2008
    ..Retrospective review of clinical case series...
  18. doi request reprint Surgical site infection in spinal surgery: description of surgical and patient-based risk factors for postoperative infection using administrative claims data
    Amir Abdul-Jabbar
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 37:1340-5. 2012
    ..Retrospective analysis...
  19. pmc Free-hand thoracic pedicle screws placed by neurosurgery residents: a CT analysis
    Vincent Y Wang
    Department of Neurological Surgery, University of California, 505 Parnassus Ave, Box 0112, San Francisco, CA 94143 0112, USA
    Eur Spine J 19:821-7. 2010
    ..There were no re-operations for screw replacement. We concluded that under appropriate supervision, neurosurgery residents can safely place free-hand thoracic pedicle screws with an acceptable breach rate...
  20. ncbi request reprint Comprehensive management of symptomatic and aggressive vertebral hemangiomas
    Frank L Acosta
    Department of Neurological Surgery, University of California, San Francisco, R505 Parnassus Avenue, Room M 779, San Francisco, CA 94143 0112, USA
    Neurosurg Clin N Am 19:17-29. 2008
    ..Vertebroplasty is useful for improving pain symptoms, especially when vertebral body compression fracture has occurred in patients without neurological deficit, but is less effective in providing long-term pain relief...
  21. doi request reprint The use of allograft or autograft and expandable titanium cages for the treatment of vertebral osteomyelitis
    Daniel C Lu
    Department of Neurological Surgery, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94143 0350, USA
    Neurosurgery 64:122-9; discussion 129-30. 2009
    ..The results of the surgical treatment of osteomyelitis with expandable titanium cages and either allograft or autograft are presented...
  22. ncbi request reprint The cervicothoracic junction
    Vincent Y Wang
    Department of Neurological Surgery, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA
    Neurosurg Clin N Am 18:365-71. 2007
    ..It is also a difficult region to access anteriorly because of the vital structures ventral to the CTJ. The development of new surgical techniques and new instrumentation has allowed better access and fixation to the CTJ...
  23. doi request reprint The transpedicular approach compared with the anterior approach: an analysis of 80 thoracolumbar corpectomies
    Daniel C Lu
    Department of Neurosurgery, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California 94143 0112, USA
    J Neurosurg Spine 12:583-91. 2010
    ..The authors conducted a study to analyze whether there was a difference in outcomes by comparing transpedicular corpectomies to standard anterior thoracolumbar corpectomies...
  24. ncbi request reprint Partial spondylectomy: modification for lateralized malignant spinal column tumors of the cervical or lumbosacral spine
    John H Chi
    Department of Neurological Surgery, University of California, San Francisco, 505 Parnassus Avenue M779, Box 0112, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA
    J Clin Neurosci 15:43-8. 2008
    ..Partial spondylectomy can be an alternative to total en bloc spondylectomy in properly selected patients with lateralized encapsulated malignant spinal tumors and may be performed in the cervical or lumbosacral spinal regions...
  25. doi request reprint Multilevel anterior cervical discectomy and fusion with and without rhBMP-2: a comparison of dysphagia rates and outcomes in 150 patients
    Daniel C Lu
    Department of Neurosurgery, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
    J Neurosurg Spine 18:43-9. 2013
    ..The authors report one of the first such comparisons between these 2 patient cohorts...
  26. doi request reprint En bloc resection of primary tumors of the cervical spine: report of two cases and systematic review of the literature
    Jordan M Cloyd
    Department of Neurological Surgery, University of California, San Francisco, 505 Parnassus Avenue, M779, Box 0112, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA
    Spine J 9:928-35. 2009
    ..Survival data and rates of recurrence after en bloc resection for cervical spinal tumors are limited to single case reports and small case series, making the true risk of recurrence after this procedure unknown...
  27. ncbi request reprint Diagnosis and management of adult pyogenic osteomyelitis of the cervical spine
    Frank L Acosta
    Department of Neurological Surgery, University of California, San Francisco, California 94143, USA
    Neurosurg Focus 17:E2. 2004
    ....
  28. doi request reprint Pitfalls of calculating hospital readmission rates based on nonvalidated administrative data sets: : presented at the 2012 Joint Spine Section Meeting: clinical article
    Beejal Y Amin
    Department of Neurosurgery, University of California, San Francisco, California 94143, USA
    J Neurosurg Spine 18:134-8. 2013
    ....
  29. doi request reprint Treatment of Enneking stage 3 aggressive vertebral hemangiomas with intralesional spondylectomy: report of 10 cases and review of the literature
    Frank L Acosta
    Department of Neurological Surgery, Cedars Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    J Spinal Disord Tech 24:268-75. 2011
    ..A retrospective review of consecutive series of Enneking stage 3 vertebral hemangiomas surgically treated at a major tertiary spine tumor center...
  30. doi request reprint C1 lateral mass fixation: a comparison of constructs
    Praveen V Mummaneni
    Department of Neurological Surgery, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California 94143 0112, USA
    Neurosurgery 66:153-60. 2010
    ..We compare the results of 3 different constructs incorporating C1 lateral mass screws: occipitocervical (OC) constructs, C1-C2 constructs, and C1 to mid/low cervical constructs...
  31. doi request reprint Complications and perioperative factors associated with learning the technique of minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF)
    Darryl Lau
    Department of Neurosurgery, University of California San Francisco, 505 Parnassus Avenue, Box 0112, San Francisco, CA 94143 0112, USA
    J Clin Neurosci 18:624-7. 2011
    ..However, the MIS TLIF group tended to have a higher rate of complications, which might have been associated with the learning curve. Both groups had a minimum of 1-year follow-up...
  32. ncbi request reprint A biomechanical comparison of three anterior thoracolumbar implants after corpectomy: are two screws better than one?
    Dean Chou
    Department of Neurosurgery, University of California San Francisco, USA
    J Neurosurg Spine 4:213-8. 2006
    ..A secondary goal was to investigate differences in the ability of the systems to stabilize the spine after a one- or two-level corpectomy...
  33. doi request reprint Esophageal erosion 9 years after anterior cervical plate implantation
    Daniel C Lu
    Department of Neurological Surgery, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94143 0112, USA
    Surg Neurol 69:310-2; discussion 312-3. 2008
    ..Long-term complications are not often described. A review of literature revealed 5 years as the longest complication interval. We present a case of esophageal erosion 9 years after initial surgery that was successfully treated...
  34. doi request reprint Pathology of spinal ependymomas: an institutional experience over 25 years in 134 patients
    Phiroz E Tarapore
    Department of Neurosurgery, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California Department of Pathology, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California
    Neurosurgery 73:247-55. 2013
    ..Ependymomas constitute approximately 40% of primary intraspinal tumors. Current World Health Organization (WHO) grading may not correlate with observed progression-free survival (PFS)...
  35. doi request reprint Intraoperative neuromonitoring with MEPs and prediction of postoperative neurological deficits in patients undergoing surgery for cervical and cervicothoracic myelopathy
    Aaron J Clark
    Department of Neurological Surgery, University of California, San Francisco, California 94143 0112, USA
    Neurosurg Focus 35:E7. 2013
    ..We evaluated the efficacy of IONM in cervical and cervicothoracic spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) cases...
  36. ncbi request reprint Sarcoma and the spinal column
    Vincent Y Wang
    Department of Neurological Surgery, University of California, 505 Parnassus Avenue, Room M779, San Francisco, CA 94143 0112, USA
    Neurosurg Clin N Am 19:71-80. 2008
    ..Chemotherapy and radiation therapy have variable effects on these tumors. With recent advances in surgical techniques and development of new chemotherapy protocols, survival and local control are both improving...
  37. doi request reprint A comparison of mini-open and open approaches for resection of thoracolumbar intradural spinal tumors
    Daniel C Lu
    Department of Neurological Surgery, University of California, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    J Neurosurg Spine 14:758-64. 2011
    ..In this paper, the authors compare the clinical outcome of mini-open resection of intradural thoracolumbar tumors with a standard open technique...
  38. doi request reprint Spine and spinal cord emergencies: vascular and infectious causes
    Vincent Y Wang
    Department of Neurological Surgery, University of California, 505 Parnassus Avenue, MS112, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA
    Neuroimaging Clin N Am 20:639-50. 2010
    ..The authors discuss several infectious and vascular spinal emergencies, including epidural abscess, nontraumatic epidural hematoma, vascular malformations, and spinal cord infarction...
  39. ncbi request reprint Operative management of adult high-grade lumbosacral spondylolisthesis
    Frank L Acosta
    Department of Neurological Surgery, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA
    Neurosurg Clin N Am 18:249-54. 2007
    ..Posterolateral pedicle screw-rod fixation has improved rates of arthrodesis compared with traditional in situ fusions. Nevertheless, complications with operative management of high-grade spondylolisthesis can be severe...
  40. ncbi request reprint Pregnancy-related vertebral hemangioma. Case report, review of the literature, and management algorithm
    John H Chi
    Department of Neurological Surgery, San Francisco General Hospital, University of California, San Francisco, California, USA
    Neurosurg Focus 19:E7. 2005
    ..Observation should be considered for symptomatic patients at greater than 32 weeks gestation. Surgery should be considered for patients with severe neurological deficits at less than 32 weeks of gestation...
  41. ncbi request reprint Lumbar spinal stenosis, cauda equina syndrome, and multiple lumbosacral radiculopathies
    Phillip B Storm
    Department of Neurological Surgery, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 725 North Wolfe Street, 817 Hunterian Boulevard, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Phys Med Rehabil Clin N Am 13:713-33, ix. 2002
    ..The article reviews the anatomy and pathophysiology, clinical syndrome, diagnostic workup, and natural history of lumbar spinal stenosis to aid in proper diagnosis and treatment...
  42. ncbi request reprint Vulnerability of the subcostal nerve to injury during bone graft harvesting from the iliac crest
    Dean Chou
    Department of Neurosurgery, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    J Neurosurg Spine 1:87-9. 2004
    ..The object of this study was to determine whether the lateral cutaneous branch of the subcostal nerve is vulnerable to injury in the process of obtaining grafts from the anterior iliac crest...
  43. ncbi request reprint Flatback syndrome
    Daniel C Lu
    Department of Neurological Surgery, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94143 0112, USA
    Neurosurg Clin N Am 18:289-94. 2007
    ..The usual etiology is iatrogenic, through previous fusions or with extension instrumentation. Surgical treatments described include extension osteotomy (Smith-Petersen), pedicle subtraction osteotomy, and polysegmental osteotomies...
  44. doi request reprint Minimally invasive compared to open microdiscectomy for lumbar disc herniation
    Darryl Lau
    Department of Neurosurgery, University of California at San Francisco, 505 Parnassus Avenue, Box 0112, San Francisco, California 94143 0112, USA
    J Clin Neurosci 18:81-4. 2011
    ..There were no statistically significant differences between the minimally invasive and open groups in terms of operative time, length of stay, neurological outcome, complication rate, or change in pain score (pain improvement)...
  45. doi request reprint Stereotactic body radiotherapy is effective salvage therapy for patients with prior radiation of spinal metastases
    Arjun Sahgal
    Department of Radiation Oncology, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA
    Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 74:723-31. 2009
    ..To provide actuarial outcomes and dosimetric data for spinal/paraspinal metastases, with and without prior radiation, treated with stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT)...
  46. doi request reprint Is there a difference in range of motion, neck pain, and outcomes in patients with ossification of posterior longitudinal ligament versus those with cervical spondylosis, treated with plated laminoplasty?
    Takahito Fujimori
    Department of Neurosurgery, University of California, San Francisco, California, USA
    Neurosurg Focus 35:E9. 2013
    ....
  47. doi request reprint Short-term and long-term outcomes of minimally invasive and open transforaminal lumbar interbody fusions: is there a difference?
    Jason S Cheng
    Department of Neurological Surgery, University of California, San Francisco, California
    Neurosurg Focus 35:E6. 2013
    ..To the authors' knowledge, this is the first study comparing the postoperative usage of pain medication between treatments in the postoperative period before discharge. ..
  48. ncbi request reprint Neurolisteriosis presenting as cervical myelitis in an immunocompetent patient
    S Andrew Josephson
    Department of Neurology, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143 0114, USA
    Neurology 66:1122-3. 2006
  49. doi request reprint Anterior C1-2 osteochondroma presenting with dysphagia and sleep apnea
    Vincent Wang
    Department of Neurological Surgery, University of California San Francisco, 505 Parnassus Ave Rm M779, San Francisco, CA 94143 0112, USA
    J Clin Neurosci 16:581-2. 2009
    ..To our knowledge, this is the first case of a sporadic osteochondroma arising from the anterior arch of the C1 vertebra causing dysphagia and obstructive apnea in a pediatric patient...
  50. pmc Dynamic stabilization versus fusion for treatment of degenerative spine conditions
    Dean Chou
    University of California, San Francisco, California, USA
    Evid Based Spine Care J 2:33-42. 2011
    ..Conclusions:  There are no clinical data from comparative studies supporting the use of dynamic stabilization devices over standard fusion techniques...
  51. pmc Efficacy of interspinous device versus surgical decompression in the treatment of lumbar spinal stenosis: a modified network analysis
    Dean Chou
    University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA
    Evid Based Spine Care J 2:45-56. 2011
    ....
  52. doi request reprint Lumbar subdural hematoma from intracranial subarachnoid hemorrhage presenting with bilateral foot drop: case report
    James S Waldron
    Department of Neurological Surgery, University of California, San Francisco, California 94143, USA
    Neurosurgery 68:E835-9; discussion E839. 2011
    ..We report a patient with lumbar subdural hematoma secondary to intracranial subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) presenting with bilateral foot drop and describe our management...
  53. doi request reprint Von Hippel-Lindau disease in pregnancy: a brief review
    Melanie G Hayden
    Department of Neurosurgery, Stanford University Medical Center, 300 Pasteur Road, Stanford, California 94305, USA
    J Clin Neurosci 16:611-3. 2009
    ..Introducing this review is a description of our patient with VHL, who uniquely presented in pregnancy with a cervical hemangioblastoma...
  54. ncbi request reprint Conus medullaris syndrome without lower-extremity involvement in L-1 burst fractures: report of four cases
    Dean Chou
    Division of Neurological Surgery, Barrow Neurological Institute, St Joseph s Hospital and Medical Center, Phoenix, Arizona 85013, USA
    J Neurosurg Spine 4:265-9. 2006
    ..The authors report four cases of L-1 burst fractures in which conus medullaris dysfunction was the sole neurological injury in the absence of lower-extremity involvement...
  55. ncbi request reprint Biomechanical comparison of two new atlantoaxial fixation techniques with C1-2 transarticular screw-graft fixation
    Roger Hartl
    Spinal Biomechanics Laboratory, Division of Neurological Surgery, Barrow Neurological Institute, St Joseph s Hospital and Medical Center, Phoenix, Arizona 85013, USA
    J Neurosurg Spine 5:336-42. 2006
    ..The authors compared these techniques with the gold-standard, interspinous graft-augmented C1-2 transarticular screw fixation and with a control C1-2 interspinous graft fixation procedure alone...