Lloyd E Chambless

Summary

Affiliation: University of North Carolina
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Short-term repeatability of electrocardiographic spatial T-wave axis and QT interval
    Georgeta D Vaidean
    Department of Medicine, University of North Carolina Schools of Public Health and Medicine, Chapel Hill, NC 27514, USA
    J Electrocardiol 38:139-47. 2005
  2. ncbi request reprint Estimation of time-dependent area under the ROC curve for long-term risk prediction
    Lloyd E Chambless
    Department of Biostatistics, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27514, USA
    Stat Med 25:3474-86. 2006
  3. pmc Repeatability and measurement error in the assessment of choline and betaine dietary intake: the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study
    Aurelian Bidulescu
    Cardiovascular Research Institute and Department of Community Health and Preventive Medicine, Morehouse School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Nutr J 8:14. 2009
  4. ncbi request reprint Risk factors for progression of common carotid atherosclerosis: the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study, 1987-1998
    Lloyd E Chambless
    Department of Biostatistics, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27514 4145, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 155:38-47. 2002
  5. ncbi request reprint Prediction of ischemic stroke risk in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study
    Lloyd E Chambless
    Department of Biostatistics, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27514 4145, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 160:259-69. 2004
  6. ncbi request reprint Coronary heart disease risk prediction in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study
    Lloyd E Chambless
    Department of Biostatistics, University of North Carolina, CB 8300, 137 East Franklin Street, Suite 400, Bank of America Center, Chapel Hill, NC 27514 4145, USA
    J Clin Epidemiol 56:880-90. 2003
  7. ncbi request reprint Analysis of associations with change in a multivariate outcome variable when baseline is subject to measurement error
    Lloyd E Chambless
    Collaborative Studies Coordinating Center, Department of Biostatistics, CB 8030, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Bank of America Building, Suite 400, 137 East Franklin Street, 27514 4145, USA
    Stat Med 22:1041-67. 2003
  8. doi request reprint Several methods to assess improvement in risk prediction models: extension to survival analysis
    Lloyd E Chambless
    Department of Biostatistics, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27514, USA
    Stat Med 30:22-38. 2011
  9. ncbi request reprint Risk factors for ischemic stroke subtypes: the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities study
    Tetsuya Ohira
    Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, 1300 S 2nd St, Minneapolis, MN 55454 1015, USA
    Stroke 37:2493-8. 2006
  10. ncbi request reprint An assessment of incremental coronary risk prediction using C-reactive protein and other novel risk markers: the atherosclerosis risk in communities study
    Aaron R Folsom
    Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55454 1015, USA
    Arch Intern Med 166:1368-73. 2006

Detail Information

Publications61

  1. ncbi request reprint Short-term repeatability of electrocardiographic spatial T-wave axis and QT interval
    Georgeta D Vaidean
    Department of Medicine, University of North Carolina Schools of Public Health and Medicine, Chapel Hill, NC 27514, USA
    J Electrocardiol 38:139-47. 2005
    ..We conclude that the spatial T-wave axis is as repeatable a measure of ventricular repolarization as the QT interval...
  2. ncbi request reprint Estimation of time-dependent area under the ROC curve for long-term risk prediction
    Lloyd E Chambless
    Department of Biostatistics, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27514, USA
    Stat Med 25:3474-86. 2006
    ..An illustration with data from a cardiovascular follow-up study is provided...
  3. pmc Repeatability and measurement error in the assessment of choline and betaine dietary intake: the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study
    Aurelian Bidulescu
    Cardiovascular Research Institute and Department of Community Health and Preventive Medicine, Morehouse School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Nutr J 8:14. 2009
    ....
  4. ncbi request reprint Risk factors for progression of common carotid atherosclerosis: the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study, 1987-1998
    Lloyd E Chambless
    Department of Biostatistics, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27514 4145, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 155:38-47. 2002
    ..In summary, established risk factors for coronary heart disease are associated with the rate of change of subclinical atherosclerosis...
  5. ncbi request reprint Prediction of ischemic stroke risk in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study
    Lloyd E Chambless
    Department of Biostatistics, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27514 4145, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 160:259-69. 2004
    ..79 to 0.83 to 0.84; for men, it went from 0.76 to 0.78 to 0.80. These modest improvements are not enough to influence clinical and public health efforts to reduce the community burden of IS...
  6. ncbi request reprint Coronary heart disease risk prediction in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study
    Lloyd E Chambless
    Department of Biostatistics, University of North Carolina, CB 8300, 137 East Franklin Street, Suite 400, Bank of America Center, Chapel Hill, NC 27514 4145, USA
    J Clin Epidemiol 56:880-90. 2003
    ..These factors substantially improved prediction of future CHD for men, less for women, and also increased attributable risks...
  7. ncbi request reprint Analysis of associations with change in a multivariate outcome variable when baseline is subject to measurement error
    Lloyd E Chambless
    Collaborative Studies Coordinating Center, Department of Biostatistics, CB 8030, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Bank of America Building, Suite 400, 137 East Franklin Street, 27514 4145, USA
    Stat Med 22:1041-67. 2003
    ..Simulations indicate that under various conditions bias is much reduced, as is mean squared error, and coverage of 95 per cent confidence intervals is good...
  8. doi request reprint Several methods to assess improvement in risk prediction models: extension to survival analysis
    Lloyd E Chambless
    Department of Biostatistics, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27514, USA
    Stat Med 30:22-38. 2011
    ..This experience should prepare us to not expect large values of the risk prediction improvement evaluation parameters for any new risk factor to be discovered...
  9. ncbi request reprint Risk factors for ischemic stroke subtypes: the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities study
    Tetsuya Ohira
    Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, 1300 S 2nd St, Minneapolis, MN 55454 1015, USA
    Stroke 37:2493-8. 2006
    ..To evaluate risk factors for ischemic stroke by its subtypes may contribute to more effective prevention of ischemic stroke, but few prospective studies have characterized risk factors for specific subtypes of ischemic stroke...
  10. ncbi request reprint An assessment of incremental coronary risk prediction using C-reactive protein and other novel risk markers: the atherosclerosis risk in communities study
    Aaron R Folsom
    Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55454 1015, USA
    Arch Intern Med 166:1368-73. 2006
    ..There has been interest in recent years in whether additional, and in particular novel, risk factors or blood markers, such as C-reactive protein, can enhance existing coronary heart disease (CHD) prediction models...
  11. pmc Prediction of incident heart failure in general practice: the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study
    Sunil K Agarwal
    Departments of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27514, USA
    Circ Heart Fail 5:422-9. 2012
    ..We examined the external validity of existing HF risk scores, optimized a 10-year HF risk function, and examined the incremental value of several biomarkers, including N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide...
  12. pmc Military combat and burden of subclinical atherosclerosis in middle aged men: the ARIC study
    Anna M Johnson
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27514, USA
    Prev Med 50:277-81. 2010
    ..Studies of the cardiovascular consequences of combat stress are few and inconclusive...
  13. pmc Long-term association between self-reported signs and symptoms and heart failure hospitalizations: the Atherosclerosis Risk In Communities (ARIC) Study
    Christy L Avery
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Bank of America Center, 137 E Franklin St, Suite 306, Chapel Hill, NC 27514, USA
    Eur J Heart Fail 12:232-8. 2010
    ..Although studies of the accuracy of heart failure (HF) classification scoring systems are available, few have examined their performance when restricted to self-reported items...
  14. ncbi request reprint Absolute and attributable risks of cardiovascular disease incidence in relation to optimal and borderline risk factors: comparison of African American with white subjects--Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study
    Atsushi Hozawa
    Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55454 1015, USA
    Arch Intern Med 167:573-9. 2007
    ..Among white Americans, a large proportion of cardiovascular disease (CVD) events is explained by borderline or any elevated CVD risk factor levels. The degree to which this is true among African American subjects is unclear...
  15. ncbi request reprint Risk factors for cardiovascular event recurrence in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study
    Keattiyoat Wattanakit
    Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minn 55454 1015, USA
    Am Heart J 149:606-12. 2005
    ..However, few studies have examined whether established risk factors, novel blood markers, carotid ultrasonography, or ankle-brachial index can predict recurrent CVD events...
  16. pmc Incidence and survival of hospitalized acute decompensated heart failure in four US communities (from the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study)
    Patricia P Chang
    Department of Medicine, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina Electronic address
    Am J Cardiol 113:504-10. 2014
    ..In conclusion, ADHF hospitalization and HF type varied by both race and gender, but case fatality rates did not. Further studies are needed to explain why black men are at higher risk of hospitalized ADHF and HFrEF...
  17. pmc Airflow obstruction, lung function, and risk of incident heart failure: the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study
    Sunil K Agarwal
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina, 137 E Franklin Street, Chapel Hill, NC 27514, USA
    Eur J Heart Fail 14:414-22. 2012
    ..We examined the relationship between forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV(1)), airflow obstruction, and incident heart failure (HF) in black and white, middle-aged men and women in four US communities...
  18. pmc Twenty-two-year trends in incidence of myocardial infarction, coronary heart disease mortality, and case fatality in 4 US communities, 1987-2008
    Wayne D Rosamond
    Departments of Epidemiology, School of Medicine, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, USA
    Circulation 125:1848-57. 2012
    ..Knowledge of trends in the incidence of and survival after myocardial infarction (MI) in a community setting is important to understanding trends in coronary heart disease (CHD) mortality rates...
  19. pmc Dietary phosphorus, blood pressure, and incidence of hypertension in the atherosclerosis risk in communities study and the multi-ethnic study of atherosclerosis
    Alvaro Alonso
    Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, 1300 S 2nd St, Suite 300, Minneapolis, MN 55454, USA
    Hypertension 55:776-84. 2010
    ..04 (0.93 to 1.17; P for trend=0.48) for phosphorus from other foods. These findings could indicate an effect of phosphorus in conjunction with other dairy constituents or of dairy itself without involvement of phosphorus...
  20. pmc Association of multiple anthropometrics of overweight and obesity with incident heart failure: the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities study
    Laura R Loehr
    University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA
    Circ Heart Fail 2:18-24. 2009
    ..The association of central adiposity with incident heart failure (HF) has yet to be studied in a large population-based study...
  21. pmc Transcription factor 7-like 2 (TCF7L2) polymorphism and context-specific risk of type 2 diabetes in African American and Caucasian adults: the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities study
    Yu Yan
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA
    Diabetes 58:285-9. 2009
    ..Moreover, few studies have investigated the effects of TCF7L2 on type 2 diabetes in the context of metabolic risk factors of type 2 diabetes...
  22. ncbi request reprint Prediction of coronary heart disease in middle-aged adults with diabetes
    Aaron R Folsom
    University of Minnesota, School of Public Health, Division of Epidemiology, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55454 1015, USA
    Diabetes Care 26:2777-84. 2003
    ..To determine the 10-year probability of coronary heart disease (CHD) in diabetic adults and how well basic and novel risk factors predict CHD risk...
  23. pmc Classification of heart failure in the atherosclerosis risk in communities (ARIC) study: a comparison of diagnostic criteria
    Wayne D Rosamond
    Departments of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 137 E Franklin St, Suite 203, Chapel Hill, NC 27514, USA
    Circ Heart Fail 5:152-9. 2012
    ..We developed a new classification protocol for identifying ADHF in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study and compared it with these other schemes...
  24. ncbi request reprint Hypertension, blood pressure, and heart rate variability: the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study
    Emily B Schroeder
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina, 137 E Franklin St, Ste 306, Chapel Hill, NC 27514, USA
    Hypertension 42:1106-11. 2003
    ..These findings thus support the thesis that the autonomic nervous system is involved in the development of hypertension, yet suggest that differences in the autonomic profile of hypertensives and normotensives do not increase with time...
  25. pmc Using the whole cohort in the analysis of case-cohort data
    Norman E Breslow
    Department of Biostatistics, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 7232, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 169:1398-405. 2009
    ..Epidemiologists are encouraged to consider use of these methods to enhance the accuracy of results reported from case-cohort analyses...
  26. pmc Usual choline and betaine dietary intake and incident coronary heart disease: the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study
    Aurelian Bidulescu
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA
    BMC Cardiovasc Disord 7:20. 2007
    ..S. nutrient composition database. Our objective was to assess the association of dietary intake of choline and betaine with incident coronary heart disease (CHD), adjusting for dietary intake measurement error...
  27. pmc Military combat and risk of coronary heart disease and ischemic stroke in aging men: The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study
    Anna M Johnson
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, 27514, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 20:143-50. 2010
    ..To assess the long-term association of military combat stress with coronary heart disease (CHD) and ischemic stroke (IS)...
  28. ncbi request reprint B vitamin status and inflammatory markers
    Aaron R Folsom
    Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, 1300 South Second Street, Suite 300, Minneapolis, MN 55454 1015, USA
    Atherosclerosis 169:169-74. 2003
    ..In ostensibly healthy adults, B-vitamin status is not a strong correlate of circulating levels of inflammatory markers, cellular adhesion molecules, or thrombogenic factors...
  29. ncbi request reprint Trends in the sensitivity, positive predictive value, false-positive rate, and comparability ratio of hospital discharge diagnosis codes for acute myocardial infarction in four US communities, 1987-2000
    Wayne D Rosamond
    Department of Epidemiology, Cardiovascular Disease Epidemiology Program, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 137 East Franklin Street, Chapel Hill, NC 27514, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 160:1137-46. 2004
    ....
  30. ncbi request reprint Does the impact of smoking on coronary heart disease differ by low-density lipoprotein cholesterol level?: the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study
    Atsushi Hozawa
    Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, MN, USA
    Circ J 70:1105-10. 2006
    ....
  31. ncbi request reprint Occurrence of unrecognized myocardial infarction in subjects aged 45 to 65 years (the ARIC study)
    Lori L Boland
    Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55454 1015, USA
    Am J Cardiol 90:927-31. 2002
    ..The percentage of unrecognized MIs in men and women was similar. The percentage of unrecognized MIs in the ARIC sample between 1987 and 1998 was slightly lower than previous estimates from other populations...
  32. pmc Absolute and attributable risks of heart failure incidence in relation to optimal risk factors
    Aaron R Folsom
    Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minn 55454, USA
    Circ Heart Fail 2:11-7. 2009
    ..The degree to which this applies to heart failure incidence is not well documented...
  33. ncbi request reprint Risk of atherosclerosis: interaction of smoking and glutathione S-transferase genes
    Andrew F Olshan
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 7435, USA
    Epidemiology 14:321-7. 2003
    ..Enzymes including glutathione S-transferase mu (GSTM1) and theta (GSTT1) are involved in the metabolism of tobacco smoke chemicals and are expressed in human vessels and smooth muscle cells...
  34. pmc The association of spatial T wave axis deviation with incident coronary events. The ARIC cohort
    Georgeta D Vaidean
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA
    BMC Cardiovasc Disord 5:2. 2005
    ....
  35. doi request reprint Heart failure incidence and survival (from the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities study)
    Laura R Loehr
    University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, NC, USA
    Am J Cardiol 101:1016-22. 2008
    ..The greater HF incidence in African-Americans than in Caucasians is largely explained by African-Americans' greater levels of atherosclerotic risk factors...
  36. ncbi request reprint Association between symptoms reported in a population questionnaire and future ischemic stroke: the ARIC study
    Lloyd E Chambless
    Department of Biostatistics, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27514, USA
    Neuroepidemiology 23:33-7. 2004
    ..9-4.1. Greater relative risk was found among younger individuals, women, African-Americans, persons not current smokers, and those with lower white blood cell count...
  37. ncbi request reprint Plasma lipid profile and incident ischemic stroke: the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study
    Eyal Shahar
    Division of Epidemiology, University of Minnesota, 1300 South Second St, Suite 300, Minneapolis, MN 55454, USA
    Stroke 34:623-31. 2003
    ..The role of circulating lipids and lipoproteins in the pathogenesis of ischemic stroke remains uncertain despite 3 decades of research. We examined this issue in a large population-based cohort...
  38. ncbi request reprint Prediction of coronary events in a low incidence population. Assessing accuracy of the CUORE Cohort Study prediction equation
    Marco Ferrario
    Dipartimento di Scienze Cliniche e Biologiche, Universita degli Studi dell Insubria, Varese 21100, Italy
    Int J Epidemiol 34:413-21. 2005
    ..The aims of this paper are to derive a 10-year coronary risk predictive equation for adult Italian men, and to assess its accuracy in comparison with the Framingham Heart Study (FHS) and PROCAM study equations...
  39. ncbi request reprint Association between alcoholic beverage consumption and incidence of coronary heart disease in whites and blacks: the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study
    Flavio D Fuchs
    Division of Cardiology, Clinical Hospital of Porto Alegre, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Ramiro Barcelos 2350, Porto Alegre 90035903, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
    Am J Epidemiol 160:466-74. 2004
    ..61, 95% CI: 1.11, 6.17). The contrasting findings in Whites and Black men in this cohort raise the question of whether the cardioprotective effect of alcohol is real or may be confounded by lifestyle characteristics of drinkers...
  40. ncbi request reprint Correlates of the shift in heart rate variability with an active postural change in a healthy population sample: The Atherosclerosis Risk In Communities study
    Mercedes R Carnethon
    Stanford Center for Research in Disease Prevention, Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, CA, USA
    Am Heart J 143:808-13. 2002
    ....
  41. ncbi request reprint LPL polymorphism predicts stroke risk in men
    Alanna C Morrison
    Human Genetics Center, University of Texas Houston Health Science Center, Houston, Texas 77030, USA
    Genet Epidemiol 22:233-42. 2002
    ..This association does not appear to be mediated by triglyceride, high-density lipoprotein (HDL)- and low-density lipoprotein (LDL)-cholesterol levels, or additional stroke risk factors...
  42. ncbi request reprint Does the cardiac autonomic response to postural change predict incident coronary heart disease and mortality? The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study
    Mercedes R Carnethon
    Stanford Center for Research in Disease Prevention, Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, CA, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 155:48-56. 2002
    ....
  43. ncbi request reprint Risk factors for coronary heart disease in African Americans: the atherosclerosis risk in communities study, 1987-1997
    Daniel W Jones
    Division of Hypertension, Department of Medicine, The University of Mississippi Medical Center, 2500 N State St, Jackson, MS 39216 4505, USA
    Arch Intern Med 162:2565-71. 2002
    ....
  44. ncbi request reprint Diabetes, glucose, insulin, and heart rate variability: the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study
    Emily B Schroeder
    Duke University School of Medicine, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, USA
    Diabetes Care 28:668-74. 2005
    ..To describe the progression of autonomic impairment among individuals with diabetes and pre-diabetic metabolic impairments...
  45. ncbi request reprint Synergism between smoking and vital exhaustion in the risk of ischemic stroke: evidence from the ARIC study
    Skai W Schwartz
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, College of Public Health, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL 33612, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 14:416-24. 2004
    ..Vital exhaustion (VE), a state characterized by unusual fatigue, irritability, and feelings of demoralization, is measured by the Maastricht questionnaire (MQ), a 21-item inventory of symptoms...
  46. ncbi request reprint Vitamin Intervention For Stroke Prevention trial: an efficacy analysis
    J David Spence
    The Stroke Prevention and Atherosclerosis Research Centre, Robarts Research Institute, London, Ontario, Canada
    Stroke 36:2404-9. 2005
    ..The criteria for this subgroup were defined before any data analysis...
  47. ncbi request reprint Lowering homocysteine in patients with ischemic stroke to prevent recurrent stroke, myocardial infarction, and death: the Vitamin Intervention for Stroke Prevention (VISP) randomized controlled trial
    James F Toole
    Stroke Research Center, Department of Neurology, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27157, USA
    JAMA 291:565-75. 2004
    ..However the utility of homocysteine-lowering therapy to reduce that risk has not been confirmed by randomized trials...
  48. pmc The reliability of the ankle-brachial index in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study and the NHLBI Family Heart Study (FHS)
    Beth D Weatherley
    Duke Clinical Research Institute, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, USA
    BMC Cardiovasc Disord 6:7. 2006
    ..The R for the ABI computed from DINAMAP readings of the ankle and brachial SBP is not known...
  49. ncbi request reprint Lipoprotein(a) and incident ischemic stroke: the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study
    Tetsuya Ohira
    Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA
    Stroke 37:1407-12. 2006
    ..We sought to examine the relationship between plasma Lp(a) levels and the incidence of ischemic stroke among blacks and whites...
  50. ncbi request reprint Risk factors for progression to incident hyperinsulinemia: the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study, 1987-1998
    Mercedes R Carnethon
    Stanford Center for Research in Disease Prevention, Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, CA, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 158:1058-67. 2003
    ..The associations were similar across race and gender groups. These data suggest that, in addition to weight gain, hyperuricemia, dyslipidemia, and smoking can be detected prior to development of hyperinsulinemia...
  51. pmc Risk prediction of coronary heart disease based on retinal vascular caliber (from the Atherosclerosis Risk In Communities [ARIC] Study)
    Kevin McGeechan
    School of Public Health, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia
    Am J Cardiol 102:58-63. 2008
    ..In conclusion, although retinal vascular caliber independently predicted CHD risk in women, the incremental predictive ability over that of the Framingham model was modest and unlikely to translate meaningfully into clinical practice...
  52. pmc The association of the ankle-brachial index with incident coronary heart disease: the Atherosclerosis Risk In Communities (ARIC) study, 1987-2001
    Beth D Weatherley
    Duke Clinical Research Institute, Duke University Medical Center, P, O, Box 17969, Durham, NC 27715, USA
    BMC Cardiovasc Disord 7:3. 2007
    ....
  53. ncbi request reprint Reduced kidney function as a risk factor for incident heart failure: the atherosclerosis risk in communities (ARIC) study
    Anna Kottgen
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21287, USA
    J Am Soc Nephrol 18:1307-15. 2007
    ..In summary, middle-aged adults with moderately/severely reduced kidney function are at high risk for developing HF...
  54. ncbi request reprint Prediction of coronary heart disease risk using a genetic risk score: the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study
    Alanna C Morrison
    Human Genetics Center and Division of Epidemiology, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, TX 77030, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 166:28-35. 2007
    ..This study demonstrates the concept of aggregating information from multiple single nucleotide polymorphisms into a risk score and indicates that it can improve prediction of incident CHD in the ARIC study...
  55. ncbi request reprint Repeatability of heart rate variability measures
    Emily B Schroeder
    Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, NC, USA
    J Electrocardiol 37:163-72. 2004
    ..Researchers using 10-second records should consider taking the mean of several recordings, when possible, or using statistical methods to correct for measurement error...
  56. ncbi request reprint Identifying individuals at high risk for diabetes: The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities study
    Maria Ines Schmidt
    Graduate Studies Program in Epidemiology, School of Medicine, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil
    Diabetes Care 28:2013-8. 2005
    ..To develop and evaluate clinical rules to predict risk for diabetes in middle-aged adults...
  57. ncbi request reprint Inflammation markers predict increased weight gain in smoking quitters
    Bruce B Duncan
    Graduate Studies Program in Epidemiology, School of Medicine, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Av Luiz Manoel Gonzaga, 630 8, Porto Alegre, RS 90470 280, Brazil
    Obes Res 11:1339-44. 2003
    ..Undesirable weight gain often follows smoking cessation. We investigated whether weight gain after smoking cessation is greater in those with higher levels of inflammatory markers...
  58. ncbi request reprint Plasma total homocysteine levels in stroke patients screened for the vitamin intervention for stroke prevention clinical trial in the era of folate fortification
    Helmi L Lutsep
    Oregon Stroke Center, OHSU, Portland, OR 97239, USA
    Neuroepidemiology 26:45-51. 2006
    ..06 overall, 0.0003 in the oldest age group). US levels were 0.39 micromol/l (95% CI: -0.08, 0.85) lower than in Canada. Neither fasting nor time since stroke affected the results...
  59. ncbi request reprint Lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, and risk for incident ischemic stroke in middle-aged men and women in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study
    Christie M Ballantyne
    Section of Atherosclerosis and Lipoprotein Research, Department of Medicine, Baylor College of Medicine, and Center for Cardiovascular Disease Prevention, Methodist DeBakey Heart Center, Houston, Tex 77030, USA
    Arch Intern Med 165:2479-84. 2005
    ..We assessed Lp-PLA2 and C-reactive protein (CRP) levels along with traditional risk factors to examine their relation to ischemic stroke...
  60. ncbi request reprint Lower extremity arterial disease assessed by ankle-brachial index in a middle-aged population of African Americans and whites: the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study
    Zhi Jie Zheng
    Division for Heart Disease and Stroke Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341 3717, USA
    Am J Prev Med 29:42-9. 2005
    ..Our purpose was to estimate the prevalence of LEAD and its associations with cardiovascular risk factors in a biracial population of men and women aged 45 to 64 years...
  61. ncbi request reprint Is the cardioprotective effect of alcohol real?
    Flavio D Fuchs
    Division of Cardiology, Hospital de Clinicas de Porto Alegre, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Ramiro Barcelos, 2350, 90035 903, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil
    Alcohol 41:399-402. 2007
    ..In view of the potential risks of alcohol, a more cautious view about the beneficial effects of alcoholic beverages is warranted...