D W Chambers

Summary

Affiliation: University of the Pacific
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint The ethics of experimenting in dental practice
    David W Chambers
    Office of Academic Affairs and Scholarship, School of Dentistry, University of the Pacific, San Francisco, California 94115, USA
    Dent Clin North Am 46:29-44, vi. 2002
  2. ncbi request reprint Financial management and dental school strength, Part I: Strategy
    David W Chambers
    School of Dentistry, University of the Pacific, San Francisco, CA 94115, USA
    J Dent Educ 68:433-8. 2004
  3. ncbi request reprint Lying through your teeth
    David W Chambers
    University of the Pacific School of Dentistry, USA
    J Am Coll Dent 71:7-13. 2004
  4. ncbi request reprint Association amongst factors thought to be important by instructors in dental education and perceived effectiveness of these instructors by students
    D W Chambers
    School of Dentistry, University of the Pacific, San Francisco, CA 94115, USA
    Eur J Dent Educ 8:147-51. 2004
  5. ncbi request reprint The role of dentists in dentistry
    D W Chambers
    School of Dentistry, University of the Pacific in San Francisco, CA 94115, USA
    J Dent Educ 65:1430-40. 2001
  6. ncbi request reprint Development of a mission-focused faculty evaluation system
    David W Chambers
    School of Dentistry, University of the Pacific, San Francisco, CA 94115, USA
    J Dent Educ 67:10-22. 2003
  7. ncbi request reprint Debt and practice profiles of beginning dental practitioners
    David W Chambers
    University of the Pacific School of Dentistry, San Francisco, CA 94115, USA
    J Calif Dent Assoc 30:909-14. 2002
  8. ncbi request reprint Financial management and dental school equity, Part II: Tactics
    David W Chambers
    School of Dentistry, University of the Pacific, San Francisco, CA 94115, USA
    J Dent Educ 68:439-45. 2004
  9. ncbi request reprint Preliminary evidence for a general competency hypothesis
    D W Chambers
    School of Dentistry, University of the Pacific, San Francisco, CA 94115, USA
    J Dent Educ 65:1243-52. 2001
  10. ncbi request reprint Ethics summit I: assembling the ethical community
    D W Chambers
    School of Dentistry, University of the Pacific, San Francisco, CA 94115, USA
    J Am Coll Dent 65:9-11. 1998

Detail Information

Publications74

  1. ncbi request reprint The ethics of experimenting in dental practice
    David W Chambers
    Office of Academic Affairs and Scholarship, School of Dentistry, University of the Pacific, San Francisco, California 94115, USA
    Dent Clin North Am 46:29-44, vi. 2002
    ..A taxonomy of experiments is presented. The ethical context for this paper is discursive ethics, an approach that emphasizes the right of all affected to participate in mutual acceptance of the action...
  2. ncbi request reprint Financial management and dental school strength, Part I: Strategy
    David W Chambers
    School of Dentistry, University of the Pacific, San Francisco, CA 94115, USA
    J Dent Educ 68:433-8. 2004
    ....
  3. ncbi request reprint Lying through your teeth
    David W Chambers
    University of the Pacific School of Dentistry, USA
    J Am Coll Dent 71:7-13. 2004
    ..Some of the characteristics of this view are discussed...
  4. ncbi request reprint Association amongst factors thought to be important by instructors in dental education and perceived effectiveness of these instructors by students
    D W Chambers
    School of Dentistry, University of the Pacific, San Francisco, CA 94115, USA
    Eur J Dent Educ 8:147-51. 2004
    ....
  5. ncbi request reprint The role of dentists in dentistry
    D W Chambers
    School of Dentistry, University of the Pacific in San Francisco, CA 94115, USA
    J Dent Educ 65:1430-40. 2001
    ..The personalities and values of dentists and the expression of these in professional norms may function to limit our understanding of dentistry. Based on this analysis, eight predictions are offered about the profession...
  6. ncbi request reprint Development of a mission-focused faculty evaluation system
    David W Chambers
    School of Dentistry, University of the Pacific, San Francisco, CA 94115, USA
    J Dent Educ 67:10-22. 2003
    ....
  7. ncbi request reprint Debt and practice profiles of beginning dental practitioners
    David W Chambers
    University of the Pacific School of Dentistry, San Francisco, CA 94115, USA
    J Calif Dent Assoc 30:909-14. 2002
    ..Older dentists and those who felt more competent at the time of graduation were less conservative. Amount of practice debt was a better predictor of unconventional practice than was educational debt...
  8. ncbi request reprint Financial management and dental school equity, Part II: Tactics
    David W Chambers
    School of Dentistry, University of the Pacific, San Francisco, CA 94115, USA
    J Dent Educ 68:439-45. 2004
    ..Familiarity with these concepts should make it possible for dental educators to more fully participate in discussions about the relationships between budgeting and program strategy...
  9. ncbi request reprint Preliminary evidence for a general competency hypothesis
    D W Chambers
    School of Dentistry, University of the Pacific, San Francisco, CA 94115, USA
    J Dent Educ 65:1243-52. 2001
    ..This study provides preliminary support for a general competency hypothesis and suggests that research is necessary to better understand how students and dentists learn and practice rather than how they are taught...
  10. ncbi request reprint Ethics summit I: assembling the ethical community
    D W Chambers
    School of Dentistry, University of the Pacific, San Francisco, CA 94115, USA
    J Am Coll Dent 65:9-11. 1998
    ..One strong consensus that emerged was the desirability of creating an alliance of all concerned with oral health care to continue such conversations...
  11. ncbi request reprint Analyzing the sources of unreliability in fixed prosthodontics mock board examinations
    D W Chambers
    Department of Fixed Prosthodontics, School of Dentistry, University of the Pacific in San Francisco, CA, USA
    J Dent Educ 61:346-53. 1997
    ..The concept of gradient of generalizability is introduced, and implications for initial licensure examinations are discussed...
  12. ncbi request reprint Toward a competency analysis of operative dentistry technique skills
    D W Chambers
    Department of Fixed Prosthodontics, School of Dentistry, University of the Pacific in San Francisco, CA 94115, USA
    J Dent Educ 61:795-803. 1997
    ..Compared to beginners, competent students showed more evidence of using powerful, internalized schema to guide their performance, were smoother, and seemed less rule-driven...
  13. ncbi request reprint Faculty ratings as part of a competency-based evaluation clinic grading system
    D W Chambers
    University of the Pacific, San Francisco, CA 94115, USA
    Eval Health Prof 22:86-106. 1999
    ..They show excellent face validity and rater consistency in some cases. Gradients of generalizability are reported, demonstrating that the ratings satisfy the school's standard for grade defensibility...
  14. ncbi request reprint TQM: the essential concepts
    D W Chambers
    Academic Affairs, School of Dentistry, University of the Pacific, San Francisco 94115, USA
    J Am Coll Dent 65:6-13. 1998
    ..Essential concepts covered include: control cycles, focus on the process rather than the defects, the GEAR model, importance of the customer, upstream quality, just-in-time, kaizen, and service quality...
  15. ncbi request reprint Crevicular fluid elastase levels in relation to periodontitis and metabolic control of diabetes
    T Alpagot
    Department of Periodontics, University of the Pacific School of Dentistry, San Francisco, CA 94115, USA
    J Periodontal Res 36:169-74. 2001
    ..The results suggest that GCF elastase. age and smoking are risk indicators for periodontitis in patients with diabetes mellitus, and periodontal status is not associated with the duration and metabolic control of diabetes...
  16. ncbi request reprint California's dental schools have changed
    David W Chambers
    University of the Pacific, USA
    J Calif Dent Assoc 33:779-80. 2005
  17. ncbi request reprint Issues in the interpretation and reporting of surveys in dental education
    David W Chambers
    Arthur A Dugoni School of Dentistry, University of the Pacific, 2155 Webster Street, San Francisco, CA 94115, USA
    J Dent Educ 73:287-302. 2009
    ..This analysis references a previously published survey on competency-based dental education to illustrate methodological points in concrete terms...
  18. ncbi request reprint Tasks and stages of professional growth
    D W Chambers
    School of Dentistry, University of the Pacific, San Francisco, CA 94115, USA
    J Calif Dent Assoc 22:35-42. 1994
    ..Practice problems, and responses to the problems, were found to differ according to the number of years in practice, validating a stage explanation of professional growth...
  19. ncbi request reprint Quackery and fraud: understanding the ethical issues and responding
    David W Chambers
    School of Dentistry, University of the Pacific, USA
    J Am Coll Dent 70:9-17. 2003
    ..Ethical dentists have obligations to act to protect their patients and the profession in their relationships with patients and with colleagues, as a profession in dealing with the public, and as a research community...
  20. ncbi request reprint Some paradoxes in competency-based dental education
    Frank W Licari
    Arthur A Dugoni School of Dentistry, University of the Pacific, San Francisco, CA 94115, USA
    J Dent Educ 72:8-18. 2008
    ..It is concluded that the openness of the competency concept is one reason for its longevity and usefulness in dental education...
  21. ncbi request reprint Access denied; invalid password
    David W Chambers
    University of the Pacific, Arthur A Dugoni School of Dentistry, 2155 Webster Street, San Francisco, CA 94115, USA
    J Dent Educ 70:1146-51. 2006
    ..The profession is becoming segmented--including growing disparities among dentists in earning potential--to the point where a single model may no longer be able to cover all needs for oral health...
  22. ncbi request reprint Longitudinal evaluation of GCF MMP-3 and TIMP-1 levels as prognostic factors for progression of periodontitis
    T Alpagot
    University of the Pacific School of Dentistry, San Francisco, CA 94115, USA
    J Clin Periodontol 28:353-9. 2001
    ..CONCLUSION: These data indicate that sites with high GCF levels of MMP-3 and TIMP-1 are at significantly greater risk for progression of periodontitis...
  23. ncbi request reprint Comments as part of a clinical competency rating system
    James E Milani
    Department of Restorative Dentistry, University of the Pacific, San Francisco, CA 94115, USA
    J Dent Educ 71:235-41. 2007
    ..The findings suggest that faculty members assume that students are skilled in these areas and tend to comment when their expectations are not fulfilled...
  24. ncbi request reprint An investigation of dentists' and dental students' estimates of diagnostic probabilities
    David W Chambers
    Department of Dental Practice, Arthur A Dugoni School of Dentistry, University of the Pacific, San Francisco, USA
    J Am Dent Assoc 141:656-66. 2010
    ..The authors could not locate in the literature any studies of diagnostic probability estimates from baseline information and test data for dentists...
  25. doi request reprint A general method for describing sources of variance in clinical trials, especially operator variance, in order to improve transfer of research knowledge to practice
    David W Chambers
    University of the Pacific Arthur A Dugoni School of Dentistry, San Francisco, CA 94115, USA
    J Prosthodont 18:265-71. 2009
    ....
  26. ncbi request reprint Lessons from students in a critical thinking course: a case for the third pedagogy
    David W Chambers
    University of the Pacific, Arthur A Dugoni School of Dentistry, San Francisco, CA 94115, USA
    J Dent Educ 73:65-82. 2009
    ....
  27. ncbi request reprint The case against one-shot testing for initial dental licensure
    David W Chambers
    University of the Pacific School of Dentistry, San Francisco, Calif 94115, USA
    J Calif Dent Assoc 32:243-6, 248-52. 2004
    ....
  28. ncbi request reprint Analyzing the influence of admissions criteria and cultural norms on success in an international dental studies program
    Lisa E Itaya
    Department of Dental Practice, University of the Pacific, Arthur A Dugoni School of Dentistry, 2155 Webster Street, San Francisco, CA 94115, USA
    J Dent Educ 72:317-28. 2008
    ..Admissions committees should determine if they want to invest the resources required to implement a multitude of admissions predictors to find the best of the qualified applicants...
  29. ncbi request reprint Estimating transfer of learning for self-instructional packages across dental schools
    David W Chambers
    Department for Academic Affairs, University of the Pacific Arthur A Dugoni School of Dentistry, 2155 Webster Street, San Francisco, CA 94115, USA
    J Dent Educ 70:142-8. 2006
    ..Studies conducted as single schools, regardless of their methodological rigor, fail to address issues associated with potential transfer of findings to other schools...
  30. ncbi request reprint Do repeated clinical competency ratings stereotype students?
    David W Chambers
    Academic Affairs and Scholarship, Unversity of the Pacific, Arthur A Dugoni School of Dentistry, San Francisco, CA 94115, USA
    J Dent Educ 68:1220-7. 2004
    ..In conclusion, there is no evidence in this study that repeated clinical competency ratings promote stereotyping of students by faculty members...
  31. ncbi request reprint Finding our place in dental ethics
    David W Chambers
    University of the Pacific, Arthur A Dugoni School of Dentistry, USA
    Pa Dent J (Harrisb) 76:27-31. 2009
    ..Contributions are needed in all areas from individuals with various levels of training and commitment. Building the moral community is unique among ethical activities because it inescapably involves all oral health professionals...
  32. ncbi request reprint Beginning the discussion of commercialism in dentistry
    Marcia A Boyd
    University of the Pacific, Arthur A Dugoni School of Dentistry, San Franciso, USA
    J Calif Dent Assoc 36:57-65. 2008
    ..The core theme in the recommendations from Ethics Summit on Commercialism is that competent, comprehensive, and continuous oral health care is appropriate and should be promoted to the American public...
  33. ncbi request reprint Portfolios for determining initial licensure competency
    David W Chambers
    School of Dentistry, University of the Pacific, San Francisco, Calif 94115, USA
    J Am Dent Assoc 135:173-84. 2004
    ..Because attempts to improve initial licensure examinations have not been grounded in measurement theory, partial and inadequate remedies have led to a cycle of refutations, defenses and political polarization...
  34. ncbi request reprint Student occupational exposure incidence: perception versus reality
    A Jeffrey Wood
    Arthur A Dugoni School of Dentistry, University of the Pacific, 2155 Webster Street, San Francisco, CA 94115, USA
    J Dent Educ 70:1081-8. 2006
    ..Female students reported more needlesticks and a greater fear of injury than did male students. It is hypothesized that a personal interpretation of the meaning of clinical injuries influences reporting behavior...
  35. ncbi request reprint Tweezer dexterity aptitude of dental students
    William P Lundergan
    Department of Periodontics, University of the Pacific, Arthur A Dugoni School of Dentistry, 2155 Webster Street, Suite 522, San Francisco, CA 94115, USA
    J Dent Educ 71:1090-7. 2007
    ..The ability for an applicant to perform successfully in dental school will not be reliably predicted by tweezer dexterity score...
  36. ncbi request reprint Initial plaque score as an indicator of patient appointment compliance
    David J Crippen
    University of the Pacific School of Dentistry, San Francisco, USA
    J Calif Dent Assoc 31:621-5. 2003
    ..This study evaluated high plaque scores as predictors of patient appointment compliance behavior. It was found that high initial plaque scores can predict poor compliance with subsequent recall appointments...
  37. ncbi request reprint Effects of posting examinations and answer keys on students' study methods and test performance
    Emerson Lake
    Arthur A Dugoni School of Dentistry, University of the Pacific, 2155 Webster Street, San Francisco, CA 94115, USA
    J Dent Educ 73:601-13. 2009
    ....
  38. ncbi request reprint Moral communities
    David W Chambers
    University of the Pacific, Arthur A Dugoni School of Dentistry, 2155 Webster Street, San Francisco, CA 94115, USA
    J Dent Educ 70:1226-34. 2006
    ..Moral influence among communities can include the damaging methods of "the superior position," coercion and misrepresentation, and appeal to third parties and the sound methods of rhetoric and promise making...
  39. ncbi request reprint Measured success
    David W Chambers
    J Am Coll Dent 69:61-7. 2002
    ..This is best done with a balanced scorecard that includes leading and lagging indicators of mission and vision. Indicators should be sampled to represent the practice and monitored against targets to propel the practice toward success...
  40. ncbi request reprint Agents
    David W Chambers
    J Am Coll Dent 69:50-6. 2002
    ..It also helps identify major controllable costs in dentistry and suggests that dentists can act as a group to increase or decrease agency costs, primarily by controlling the bad actors who damage the value of all dentists...
  41. ncbi request reprint How should dentists practice?
    David W Chambers
    J Am Coll Dent 72:2-3. 2005
  42. ncbi request reprint The Hovey-Beard effect
    David W Chambers
    J Am Coll Dent 74:2-3. 2007
  43. ncbi request reprint Motivation
    David W Chambers
    J Am Coll Dent 74:34-41. 2007
    ..Finally, several theories of motivation as life orientation are developed...
  44. ncbi request reprint Home runs and ethics
    David W Chambers
    J Am Coll Dent 74:2-3. 2007
  45. ncbi request reprint Heroes
    David W Chambers
    J Am Coll Dent 74:42-7. 2007
    ..Properly understood, we can find examples of heroes in dentistry, even if they are not the ones that come naturally to mind...
  46. ncbi request reprint Snowballs in hell
    David W Chambers
    J Am Coll Dent 69:2-4. 2002
  47. ncbi request reprint Enough
    David W Chambers
    J Am Coll Dent 74:2-3. 2007
  48. ncbi request reprint Small ethics
    David W Chambers
    J Am Coll Dent 74:27-34. 2007
    ..Four suggestions are offered for addressing issue of opportunism...
  49. ncbi request reprint Picking your patients
    David W Chambers
    J Am Coll Dent 69:2-3. 2002
  50. ncbi request reprint Identity theft
    David W Chambers
    J Am Coll Dent 69:2-3. 2002
  51. ncbi request reprint Introduction: Gies Report redux
    David W Chambers
    J Am Coll Dent 69:4-5. 2002
  52. ncbi request reprint Large ethics
    David W Chambers
    J Am Coll Dent 75:36-47. 2008
    ..Large ethics does not make it a prerequisite for moral behavior that everyone adheres to a universally agreed set of ethical principles; all that is necessary is sufficient overlap in commitment to searching for better alternatives...
  53. ncbi request reprint Positive ethics
    David W Chambers
    J Am Coll Dent 75:2-3. 2008
  54. ncbi request reprint Thin soup
    David W Chambers
    J Am Coll Dent 75:2-3. 2008
  55. ncbi request reprint A primer on dental ethics: part II--moral behavior
    David W Chambers
    J Am Coll Dent 74:38-49. 2007
    ..Eleven specific "lessons learned about moral behavior" are identified...
  56. ncbi request reprint Annual Session Proceedings
    David W Chambers
    J Dent Educ 67:8. 2003
  57. ncbi request reprint Work
    David W Chambers
    J Am Coll Dent 69:38-41. 2002
    ..In some of these areas, dentistry has been consistent with the patterns of innovation--even being a model in some cases. There are also areas where dentistry is moving in contrary directions...
  58. ncbi request reprint Moral Courage
    David W Chambers
    J Am Coll Dent 71:2-3. 2004
  59. ncbi request reprint The professions
    David W Chambers
    J Am Coll Dent 71:57-64. 2004
    ..The continued viability of professions such as dentistry depends on protecting against threats to the five essential characteristics that define professionalism...
  60. ncbi request reprint Reflection
    David W Chambers
    J Am Coll Dent 72:34-9. 2005
    ..The essence of reflection is finding a meaningful way to make tacit knowledge available in explicit form. Often this involves story telling, with its attendant features of plot, emotion, dramatic tension, and the success of the hero...
  61. ncbi request reprint Dental licensure exams: human subjects and one-shot evaluations
    David W Chambers
    J Dent Educ 68:301-2; author reply 302-3. 2004
  62. ncbi request reprint Retributive justice and dentistry
    David W Chambers
    J Am Coll Dent 72:2-3. 2005
  63. ncbi request reprint Open leadership
    David W Chambers
    J Am Coll Dent 72:2-3. 2005
  64. ncbi request reprint Generations
    David W Chambers
    J Am Coll Dent 72:27-35. 2005
    ..Differences in how these generations see motivation and values, fundamental reality, relations with others, and work are presented, as are some applications of these differences to the dental profession...
  65. ncbi request reprint The lost innocence of research
    David W Chambers
    J Am Coll Dent 71:2-3. 2004
  66. ncbi request reprint Self-control
    David W Chambers
    J Am Coll Dent 72:54-63. 2005
    ..Self-control also interacts with goal setting and achievement. There are predictable differences among individuals who seek success and those who avoid failure...
  67. ncbi request reprint Commercialism in dentistry and its victims
    David W Chambers
    J Am Coll Dent 73:2-3. 2006
  68. ncbi request reprint Performance
    David W Chambers
    J Am Coll Dent 73:48-53. 2006
    ..Coping, substandard but acceptable performance, is common among professionals and its long-term side effects can be debilitating. A crash occurs when coping mechanisms fail...
  69. ncbi request reprint Mentoring
    David W Chambers
    J Am Coll Dent 73:53-7. 2006
  70. ncbi request reprint Correcting for guessing on multiple-choice exams
    David W Chambers
    J Dent Educ 71:193-4; author reply 194-6. 2007
  71. ncbi request reprint Logic and teleologic
    David W Chambers
    J Am Coll Dent 70:2-3. 2003
  72. ncbi request reprint How thornless blackberries got big fruit
    David W Chambers
    J Am Coll Dent 73:2-3. 2006
  73. ncbi request reprint A primer on dental ethics: Part I. Kknowing about ethics
    David W Chambers
    J Am Coll Dent 73:38-46. 2006
    ..Each of these approaches has advantages, and each is incomplete. The general problem of converting ethical knowledge to moral conduct will be presented in a subsequent essay...
  74. ncbi request reprint Concerning the current high demand for snake oil
    David W Chambers
    J Am Coll Dent 71:2-3. 2004