David Casarett

Summary

Affiliation: University of Pennsylvania
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Are patient preferences for life-sustaining treatment really a barrier to hospice enrollment for older adults with serious illness?
    David Casarett
    Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion, Philadelphia Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA
    J Am Geriatr Soc 54:472-8. 2006
  2. doi request reprint A nationwide VA palliative care quality measure: the family assessment of treatment at the end of life
    David Casarett
    Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion, Philadelphia VAMC, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
    J Palliat Med 11:68-75. 2008
  3. doi request reprint Families' perceptions of end-of-life care in Veterans Affairs versus non-Veterans Affairs facilities
    Hien Lu
    Division of Geriatrics, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
    J Palliat Med 13:991-6. 2010
  4. doi request reprint Do palliative consultations improve patient outcomes?
    David Casarett
    Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion, Department of Veterans Affairs, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
    J Am Geriatr Soc 56:593-9. 2008
  5. doi request reprint Is public communication about end-of-life care helping to inform all? Cancer news coverage in African American versus mainstream media
    Jessica M Fishman
    Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
    Cancer 118:2157-62. 2012
  6. doi request reprint Making difficult discussions easier: using prognosis to facilitate transitions to hospice
    Esme Finlay
    Medical Oncology and Palliative Care, Division of Hematology Oncology, Department of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    CA Cancer J Clin 59:250-63. 2009
  7. doi request reprint Does nonresponse bias the results of retrospective surveys of end-of-life care?
    David Casarett
    Philadelphia Veterans Affairs Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
    J Am Geriatr Soc 58:2381-6. 2010
  8. ncbi request reprint Understanding and improving hospice enrollment
    David Casarett
    Leonard Davis Institute of Health Economics, University of Pennsylvania, Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion, Philadelphia Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    LDI Issue Brief 11:1-4. 2005
  9. doi request reprint Nationwide veterans affairs quality measure for cancer: the family assessment of treatment at end of life
    Esme Finlay
    Division of Hematology Oncology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    J Clin Oncol 26:3838-44. 2008
  10. ncbi request reprint Important aspects of end-of-life care among veterans: implications for measurement and quality improvement
    David Casarett
    Philadelphia Veterans Affairs Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
    J Pain Symptom Manage 35:115-25. 2008

Detail Information

Publications57

  1. ncbi request reprint Are patient preferences for life-sustaining treatment really a barrier to hospice enrollment for older adults with serious illness?
    David Casarett
    Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion, Philadelphia Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA
    J Am Geriatr Soc 54:472-8. 2006
    ..To determine whether patient preferences are a barrier to hospice enrollment...
  2. doi request reprint A nationwide VA palliative care quality measure: the family assessment of treatment at the end of life
    David Casarett
    Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion, Philadelphia VAMC, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
    J Palliat Med 11:68-75. 2008
    ..To evaluate the FATE (Family Assessment of Treatment at End of Life) Survey for use as a nationwide quality measure in the VA health care system...
  3. doi request reprint Families' perceptions of end-of-life care in Veterans Affairs versus non-Veterans Affairs facilities
    Hien Lu
    Division of Geriatrics, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
    J Palliat Med 13:991-6. 2010
    ..Therefore, the goal of this study was to compare families' perceptions of end-of-life care among patients who died in VA and non-VA facilities...
  4. doi request reprint Do palliative consultations improve patient outcomes?
    David Casarett
    Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion, Department of Veterans Affairs, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
    J Am Geriatr Soc 56:593-9. 2008
    ..To determine whether inpatient palliative consultation services improve outcomes of care...
  5. doi request reprint Is public communication about end-of-life care helping to inform all? Cancer news coverage in African American versus mainstream media
    Jessica M Fishman
    Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
    Cancer 118:2157-62. 2012
    ..The specific goal of this study was to determine whether these news media communicate differently about cure-directed cancer treatment and end-of-life alternatives...
  6. doi request reprint Making difficult discussions easier: using prognosis to facilitate transitions to hospice
    Esme Finlay
    Medical Oncology and Palliative Care, Division of Hematology Oncology, Department of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    CA Cancer J Clin 59:250-63. 2009
    ..In addition, by using patient-identified goals and service needs, the authors recommend a method for making a hospice referral after disclosure of poor prognosis...
  7. doi request reprint Does nonresponse bias the results of retrospective surveys of end-of-life care?
    David Casarett
    Philadelphia Veterans Affairs Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
    J Am Geriatr Soc 58:2381-6. 2010
    ..To evaluate the effect of nonresponse bias on reports of the quality of end-of-life care that older adults receive...
  8. ncbi request reprint Understanding and improving hospice enrollment
    David Casarett
    Leonard Davis Institute of Health Economics, University of Pennsylvania, Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion, Philadelphia Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    LDI Issue Brief 11:1-4. 2005
    ..This Issue Brief summarizes a series of studies that shed light on the decision making process about hospice, and describes a simple, effective way to improve referrals to hospice among nursing home residents...
  9. doi request reprint Nationwide veterans affairs quality measure for cancer: the family assessment of treatment at end of life
    Esme Finlay
    Division of Hematology Oncology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    J Clin Oncol 26:3838-44. 2008
    ..Early experience with FATE suggests that it will be a helpful tool to characterize end-of-life cancer care and to identify targets for quality improvement...
  10. ncbi request reprint Important aspects of end-of-life care among veterans: implications for measurement and quality improvement
    David Casarett
    Philadelphia Veterans Affairs Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
    J Pain Symptom Manage 35:115-25. 2008
    ..VA efforts to evaluate end-of-life care for veterans should not only measure common aspects of care (e.g., pain management), but also examine performance in areas that are more specific to the veteran population...
  11. ncbi request reprint Breast cancer survivors willingness to participate in an acupuncture clinical trial: a qualitative study
    Marilyn M Schapira
    The Philadelphia VA Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    Support Care Cancer 22:1207-15. 2014
    ..The objective of this study is to identify key decision-making factors among breast cancer survivors considering entry into an acupuncture clinical trial for treatment of symptoms...
  12. pmc Utilization of supportive and palliative care services among oncology outpatients at one academic cancer center: determinants of use and barriers to access
    Pallavi Kumar
    Division of Geriatric and Palliative Medicine, Department of Medicine, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, 3400 Spruce Street 2 Gates, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    J Palliat Med 15:923-30. 2012
    ..Further research is needed to understand patients' needs and beliefs regarding SPCS, and how to integrate SPCS into conventional treatments to improve cancer care...
  13. doi request reprint Measuring families' perceptions of care across a health care system: preliminary experience with the Family Assessment of Treatment at End of Life Short form (FATE-S)
    David Casarett
    Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion, Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA
    J Pain Symptom Manage 40:801-9. 2010
    ..Because the Family Evaluation of Treatment at End of Life (FATE) survey was too long for routine use in the Veterans Administration (VA) health care system to measure quality of care, a shorter instrument was developed...
  14. pmc Older adults' attitudes toward enrollment of non-competent subjects participating in Alzheimer's research
    Jason Karlawish
    Institute on Aging, 3615 Chestnut St, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 166:182-8. 2009
    ..The authors used hypothetical Alzheimer's disease studies that included either a blood draw or a blood draw and lumbar puncture to explore older persons' attitudes on this question...
  15. ncbi request reprint Improving the use of hospice services in nursing homes: a randomized controlled trial
    David Casarett
    Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion at the Philadelphia Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    JAMA 294:211-7. 2005
    ..Hospice care may improve the quality of end-of-life care for nursing home residents, but hospice is underutilized by this population, at least in part because physicians are not aware of their patients' preferences...
  16. doi request reprint Can we make reports of end-of-life care quality more consumer-focused? results of a nationwide quality measurement program
    Dawn Smith
    Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion, Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
    J Palliat Med 14:301-7. 2011
    ..The goal of this study was to define families' priorities for various aspects of end-of-life care, and to determine whether scores that reflect these priorities alter facilities' quality rankings...
  17. ncbi request reprint Ethical considerations in end-of-life care and research
    David Casarett
    Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion at the Philadelphia VA Medical Center, and the Division of Geriatrics, Institute on Aging, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA
    J Palliat Med 8:S148-60. 2005
    ....
  18. ncbi request reprint Facilitating hospice discussions: a six-step roadmap
    Jennifer Shin
    Division of Hematology Oncology, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    J Support Oncol 9:97-102. 2011
    ....
  19. ncbi request reprint Relationship between Alzheimer's disease severity and patient participation in decisions about their medical care
    Jason H T Karlawish
    Department of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, USA
    J Geriatr Psychiatry Neurol 15:68-72. 2002
    ..Beyond mild-stage disease, the clinician can largely expect that the caregiver is making the final decisions. These results illustrate how and when caregivers can expect changes in their decision making role...
  20. pmc Can metaphors and analogies improve communication with seriously ill patients?
    David Casarett
    Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion, Philadelphia Veterans Affairs Medical Center, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
    J Palliat Med 13:255-60. 2010
    ..Therefore, the objective of this study was to determine whether the use of metaphors and analogies in difficult conversations is associated with better patient ratings of their physicians' communication skills...
  21. ncbi request reprint "Lost to follow-up": ethnic disparities in continuity of hospice care at the end of life
    Jennifer Kapo
    University of Pennsylvania, Department of Medicine Division of Geriatrics and the Institute on Aging, Philadelphia Veterans Affairs Medical Center, USA
    J Palliat Med 8:603-8. 2005
    ..It is likely that whatever factors are responsible for lower rates of hospice utilization among African Americans also lead to lower rates of return to hospice after discharge, but this is not known...
  22. ncbi request reprint Timing of hospice referral and families' perceptions of services: are earlier hospice referrals better?
    Elizabeth Rickerson
    Division of Geriatric Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
    J Am Geriatr Soc 53:819-23. 2005
    ..To determine whether families of patients who enroll in hospice near the end of life believe that they receive less benefit from hospice services than families of patients who enroll earlier...
  23. ncbi request reprint Making difficult decisions about hospice enrollment: what do patients and families want to know?
    David Casarett
    Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion, Philadelphia Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
    J Am Geriatr Soc 53:249-54. 2005
    ..To define patients' and families' priorities for information about hospice...
  24. doi request reprint The optimal delivery of palliative care: a national comparison of the outcomes of consultation teams vs inpatient units
    David Casarett
    Division of Geriatric Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, 3615 Chestnut St, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Arch Intern Med 171:649-55. 2011
    ..Growing attention to end-of-life care has led to intensive efforts to provide better palliative care. However, it is not known whether palliative care is best provided by consultative teams or in dedicated units...
  25. doi request reprint How should we design supportive cancer care? The patient's perspective
    David Casarett
    University of Pennsylvania, 3615 Chestnut St, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    J Clin Oncol 26:1296-301. 2008
    ..Although so-called open-access hospice programs and bridge programs are beginning to offer these services to patients who are still receiving treatment, it is not known whether they best meet patients' needs...
  26. ncbi request reprint Paying hypertension research subjects
    David Casarett
    Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion at the Philadelphia Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 17:650-2. 2002
    ..Cash payments are often used to compensate subjects who participate in research. However, ethicists have argued that these payments might constitute an undue inducement...
  27. ncbi request reprint Working to improve palliative care trials
    Jennifer Kapo
    Division of Geriatrics Medicine, and Center for Bioethics, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA
    J Palliat Med 7:395-7. 2004
  28. ncbi request reprint Patients' willingness to participate in symptom-related and disease-modifying research: results of a research screening initiative in a palliative care clinic
    Roxane Crowley
    Department of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA
    Cancer 97:2327-33. 2003
    ..One potential solution to this problem is the use of screening questions that identify patients who are interested in participating in research. The goal of this study was to evaluate this strategy in patients with cancer...
  29. ncbi request reprint Hypertensive patients' willingness to participate in placebo-controlled trials: implications for recruitment efficiency
    Scott D Halpern
    Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6021, USA
    Am Heart J 146:985-92. 2003
    ....
  30. ncbi request reprint Physical functioning, depression, and preferences for treatment at the end of life: the Johns Hopkins Precursors Study
    Joseph B Straton
    Department of Family Practice and Community Medicine, and Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Pennsylvannia School of Medicine, Philadelphia, 19104, USA
    J Am Geriatr Soc 52:577-82. 2004
    ..To examine the relationship between worsening physical function and depression and preferences for life-sustaining treatment...
  31. ncbi request reprint Empirical assessment of whether moderate payments are undue or unjust inducements for participation in clinical trials
    Scott D Halpern
    Department of Medicine, Centers for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, USA
    Arch Intern Med 164:801-3. 2004
    ..Paying patients to participate in clinical trials is ethically controversial. However, there has been no empirical documentation regarding whether payment represents an undue or unjust inducement...
  32. ncbi request reprint How should clinicians discuss hospice for patients with dementia? Anticipating caregivers' preconceptions and meeting their information needs
    David Casarett
    Philadelphia Veterans Administration Medical Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
    Alzheimer Dis Assoc Disord 16:116-22. 2002
    ..In discussing hospice with AD caregivers, clinicians may want to emphasize selected features of hospice that are particularly important to caregivers...
  33. doi request reprint Cancer and the media: how does the news report on treatment and outcomes?
    Jessica Fishman
    Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, 19104, USA
    Arch Intern Med 170:515-8. 2010
    ..Cancer receives a great deal of news media attention. Although approximately half of all US patients with cancer die of their illness or of related complications, it is unknown whether reports in the news media reflect this reality...
  34. ncbi request reprint Appropriate use of artificial nutrition and hydration--fundamental principles and recommendations
    David Casarett
    Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Philadelphia, USA
    N Engl J Med 353:2607-12. 2005
  35. ncbi request reprint How well are we supporting hospice staff? Initial results of the Survey of Team Attitudes and Relationships (STAR) validation study
    Brye Qaseem
    The Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion, VAMC Research, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    J Pain Symptom Manage 34:350-8. 2007
    ..74-0.84). These results suggest that the STAR offers a unique instrument to measure the work environment hospices provide to their staff...
  36. pmc Epidemiology and prognosis of coma in daytime television dramas
    David Casarett
    Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion, Philadelphia VA Medical Center, 9 East, 3900 Woodland Avenue, Philadelphia, PA 19104 4155, USA
    BMJ 331:1537-9. 2005
    ..To determine how soap operas portray, and possibly misrepresent, the likelihood of recovery for patients in coma...
  37. pmc Can palliative home care reduce 30-day readmissions? Results of a propensity score matched cohort study
    Anjana Ranganathan
    1 Department of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
    J Palliat Med 16:1290-3. 2013
    ..This study examined the impact of palliative home nursing care on rates of hospital 30-day readmissions...
  38. ncbi request reprint What is the risk of distress in palliative care survey research?
    Jennifer Takesaka
    Division of Geriatric Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA
    J Pain Symptom Manage 28:593-8. 2004
    ..Although the likelihood of distress is low overall, investigators recruiting from these populations may improve the research by incorporating methods to assess and manage distress...
  39. ncbi request reprint Recruiting for research in hospice: feasibility of a research screening protocol
    David Casarett
    Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion, Philadelphia VAMC, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
    J Palliat Med 7:854-60. 2004
    ..The goal of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of this strategy for identifying hospice patients who are interested in research participation...
  40. ncbi request reprint Obtaining informed consent for cancer pain research: do patients with advanced cancer and patients with chronic pain have different concerns?
    David Casarett
    Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    J Pain Symptom Manage 24:506-16. 2002
    ..Although chronic pain patients' willingness to enroll in research was related to pain severity and a desire for better pain management, cancer patients' willingness to enroll was not...
  41. ncbi request reprint Integrative Reiki for cancer patients: a program evaluation
    Kimberly A Fleisher
    University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    Integr Cancer Ther 13:62-7. 2014
    ..This mixed methods study sought to evaluate the outcomes of an integrative Reiki volunteer program in an academic medical oncology center setting...
  42. ncbi request reprint Defining patient safety in hospice: principles to guide measurement and public reporting
    David Casarett
    Division of Geriatric Medicine, University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
    J Palliat Med 15:1120-3. 2012
    ..Instead, we suggest three principles that can guide the development of hospice-appropriate safety measures by considering a patient's goals and life expectancy, and the degree to which responsibility for a patient's care is shared...
  43. pmc Pain and physical and psychological symptoms in ambulatory HIV patients in the current treatment era
    Jessica S Merlin
    Division of Infectious Diseases, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania and Penn Presbyterian Medical Center, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    J Pain Symptom Manage 43:638-45. 2012
    ..HIV infection has become a manageable chronic disease. There are few studies of pain and symptoms in the current treatment era...
  44. ncbi request reprint Ethical issues in research to improve the management of malignant bowel obstruction: challenges and recommendations
    Alice Laneader
    Research Compliance and Quality Improvement, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 10104, USA
    J Pain Symptom Manage 34:S20-7. 2007
    ..For each, we outline salient issues and suggest recommendations for enhancing the ethics of MBO studies, including interventional trials...
  45. ncbi request reprint Breaking the news: a survey of ALS patients and their caregivers
    Leo McCluskey
    Department of Neurology, University of Pennsylvania, PA 19107, USA
    Amyotroph Lateral Scler Other Motor Neuron Disord 5:131-5. 2004
    ..Greater adherence to certain attributes of effective communication of bad news may improve the way physicians perform this difficult task...
  46. ncbi request reprint Palliative care in phase 1 trials: an ethical obligation or undue inducement?
    Jennifer Kapo
    J Palliat Med 5:661-5. 2002
  47. ncbi request reprint Palliative care research: issues and opportunities
    Robert S Krouse
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 13:337-9. 2004
  48. ncbi request reprint Is the palliative performance scale a useful predictor of mortality in a heterogeneous hospice population?
    Joan Harrold
    Hospice of Lancaster County, University of Pennsylvania, PA 19104, USA
    J Palliat Med 8:503-9. 2005
    ..Its prognostic value in a heterogeneous US hospice population is unknown...
  49. ncbi request reprint Meta-analysis of survival prediction with Palliative Performance Scale
    Michael Downing
    Division of Palliative Care, University of British Columbia
    J Palliat Care 23:245-52; discussion 252-4. 2007
    ..Further work is needed to refine the reporting of survival times/probabilities and to improve prediction accuracy with the inclusion of other variables in the models...
  50. ncbi request reprint Timing of referral to hospice and quality of care: length of stay and bereaved family members' perceptions of the timing of hospice referral
    Joan M Teno
    The Warren Alpert Medical School of Medicine at Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island 20912, USA
    J Pain Symptom Manage 34:120-5. 2007
    ..This perception varies substantially among the participating hospice programs. Future research is needed to understand this variation and how hospice programs are delivering high quality of care despite short length of stay...
  51. ncbi request reprint The ethics of using quality improvement methods in health care
    Joanne Lynn
    RAND Corporation, Arlington, Virginia, USA
    Ann Intern Med 146:666-73. 2007
    ..The group recommended a period of innovation and evaluation to refine the framework for ethical conduct of QI and to integrate that framework into clinical practice...
  52. ncbi request reprint Innovation in human research protection: the AbioCor artificial heart trial
    E Haavi Morreim
    University of Tennessee College of Medicine, USA
    Am J Bioeth 6:W6-16. 2006
  53. ncbi request reprint Are we referring patients to hospice too late? Patients' and families' opinions
    Jennifer Kapo
    Division of Geriatric Medicine and Center for Bioethics, University of Pennsylvania, 19104, USA
    J Palliat Med 8:521-7. 2005
    ..However, it is not known whether patients and their families believe that they are enrolling in hospice too late...
  54. ncbi request reprint Increasing access and quality in Department of Veterans Affairs care at the end of life: a lesson in change
    Thomas Edes
    Department of Veterans Affairs, Veterans Health Administration, Office of Geriatrics and Extended Care, Washington, DC, USA
    J Am Geriatr Soc 55:1645-9. 2007
    ..The VA's experience serves as a powerful example of the magnitude of change possible in a complex health system and a model for improving access and quality of palliative care services in other health systems...
  55. ncbi request reprint Mass media and medicine: when the most trusted media mislead
    Jessica M Fishman
    Mayo Clin Proc 81:291-3. 2006
  56. ncbi request reprint Ethics forum. 75-year-old man has end-stage prostate cancer with metastases to bone
    Ben A Rich
    University of California, Davis Sacramento, California, USA
    Pain Med 6:459-63. 2005
  57. ncbi request reprint The median is not the (only) message
    David Casarett
    Ann Intern Med 145:700-1. 2006