W A Carlo

Summary

Affiliation: University of Alabama at Birmingham
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc Randomized trial of plastic bags to prevent term neonatal hypothermia in a resource-poor setting
    Theodore C Belsches
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA
    Pediatrics 132:e656-61. 2013
  2. pmc Antenatal corticosteroids trial in preterm births to increase neonatal survival in developing countries: study protocol
    Fernando Althabe
    Institute for Clinical Effectiveness and Health Policy IECS, Dr Emilio Ravignani 2024, Buenos Aires, C1414CPV, Argentina
    Reprod Health 9:22. 2012
  3. pmc Home birth attendants in low income countries: who are they and what do they do?
    Ana Garces
    IMSALUD, Guatemala City, Guatemala
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 12:34. 2012
  4. pmc Plastic bags for prevention of hypothermia in preterm and low birth weight infants
    Alicia E Leadford
    University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35249 7335, USA
    Pediatrics 132:e128-34. 2013
  5. doi request reprint Extremely low birth weight and infant mortality rates in the United States
    Carissa Lau
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35249 7335, USA
    Pediatrics 131:855-60. 2013
  6. pmc Randomized trial of early developmental intervention on outcomes in children after birth asphyxia in developing countries
    Waldemar A Carlo
    University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL Center for Infectious Disease Research in Zambia, Lusaka, Zambia
    J Pediatr 162:705-712.e3. 2013
  7. pmc Cytokines and neurodevelopmental outcomes in extremely low birth weight infants
    Waldemar A Carlo
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35233 7335, USA
    J Pediatr 159:919-25.e3. 2011
  8. doi request reprint Gentle ventilation: the new evidence from the SUPPORT, COIN, VON, CURPAP, Colombian Network, and Neocosur Network trials
    W A Carlo
    University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35249 7335, USA
    Early Hum Dev 88:S81-3. 2012
  9. pmc Neurodevelopmental outcomes in infants requiring resuscitation in developing countries
    Waldemar A Carlo
    University of Alabama, Birmingham, AL, USA
    J Pediatr 160:781-5.e1. 2012
  10. pmc Classifying perinatal mortality using verbal autopsy: is there a role for nonphysicians?
    Cyril Engmann
    Departments of Pediatrics and Maternal Child Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA
    Popul Health Metr 9:42. 2011

Detail Information

Publications89

  1. pmc Randomized trial of plastic bags to prevent term neonatal hypothermia in a resource-poor setting
    Theodore C Belsches
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA
    Pediatrics 132:e656-61. 2013
    ..Our objective was to test the hypothesis that placement of term neonates in plastic bags at birth reduces hypothermia at 1 hour after birth in a resource-poor hospital...
  2. pmc Antenatal corticosteroids trial in preterm births to increase neonatal survival in developing countries: study protocol
    Fernando Althabe
    Institute for Clinical Effectiveness and Health Policy IECS, Dr Emilio Ravignani 2024, Buenos Aires, C1414CPV, Argentina
    Reprod Health 9:22. 2012
    ..There is currently no clear evidence about the safety of antenatal corticosteroid use for community-level births...
  3. pmc Home birth attendants in low income countries: who are they and what do they do?
    Ana Garces
    IMSALUD, Guatemala City, Guatemala
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 12:34. 2012
    ..Nearly half the world's babies are born at home. We sought to evaluate the training, knowledge, skills, and access to medical equipment and testing for home birth attendants across 7 international sites...
  4. pmc Plastic bags for prevention of hypothermia in preterm and low birth weight infants
    Alicia E Leadford
    University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35249 7335, USA
    Pediatrics 132:e128-34. 2013
    ..This technique has not been studied in larger infants or in many resource-limited settings. The objective was to determine if placing preterm and low birth weight infants inside a plastic bag at birth maintains normothermia...
  5. doi request reprint Extremely low birth weight and infant mortality rates in the United States
    Carissa Lau
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35249 7335, USA
    Pediatrics 131:855-60. 2013
    ..The purpose of this study was to determine the contributions of birth weight and gestational age subgroups to the IMR and NMR in the United States...
  6. pmc Randomized trial of early developmental intervention on outcomes in children after birth asphyxia in developing countries
    Waldemar A Carlo
    University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL Center for Infectious Disease Research in Zambia, Lusaka, Zambia
    J Pediatr 162:705-712.e3. 2013
    ..To determine if early developmental intervention (EDI) improves developmental abilities in resuscitated children...
  7. pmc Cytokines and neurodevelopmental outcomes in extremely low birth weight infants
    Waldemar A Carlo
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35233 7335, USA
    J Pediatr 159:919-25.e3. 2011
    ....
  8. doi request reprint Gentle ventilation: the new evidence from the SUPPORT, COIN, VON, CURPAP, Colombian Network, and Neocosur Network trials
    W A Carlo
    University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35249 7335, USA
    Early Hum Dev 88:S81-3. 2012
    ..This review will address the recent trials of early continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) as an alternative to the common practice of surfactant and mechanical ventilation...
  9. pmc Neurodevelopmental outcomes in infants requiring resuscitation in developing countries
    Waldemar A Carlo
    University of Alabama, Birmingham, AL, USA
    J Pediatr 160:781-5.e1. 2012
    ..To determine whether resuscitation of infants who failed to develop effective breathing at birth increases survivors with neurodevelopmental impairment...
  10. pmc Classifying perinatal mortality using verbal autopsy: is there a role for nonphysicians?
    Cyril Engmann
    Departments of Pediatrics and Maternal Child Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA
    Popul Health Metr 9:42. 2011
    ..abstract:..
  11. pmc Neonatal resuscitation and immediate newborn assessment and stimulation for the prevention of neonatal deaths: a systematic review, meta-analysis and Delphi estimation of mortality effect
    Anne C C Lee
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    BMC Public Health 11:S12. 2011
    ..03 million from complications of prematurity. No systematic assessment of mortality reduction from tactile stimulation or resuscitation has been published...
  12. pmc Complementary feeding: a Global Network cluster randomized controlled trial
    Nancy F Krebs
    University of Colorado Denver, Aurora, CO, USA
    BMC Pediatr 11:4. 2011
    ..Animal source foods in particular are cited as essential to achieve micronutrient requirements. The efficacy of the recommendation for regular meat consumption, however, has not been systematically evaluated...
  13. pmc Brain research to ameliorate impaired neurodevelopment--home-based intervention trial (BRAIN-HIT)
    Jan L Wallander
    Psychological Sciences and Health Sciences Research Institute, University of California, Merced, 5200 Lake Road, Merced, CA 95343, USA
    BMC Pediatr 10:27. 2010
    ....
  14. pmc Reduced perinatal mortality following enhanced training of birth attendants in the Democratic Republic of Congo: a time-dependent effect
    Richard Matendo
    Kinshasa School of Public Health, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo
    BMC Med 9:93. 2011
    ..The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect on perinatal mortality of training birth attendants in a rural area of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) using two established programs...
  15. ncbi request reprint Can lung ultrasound scanning be a useful diagnostic tool in neonates with respiratory distress?
    Waldemar A Carlo
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama 35233 7335, USA
    Neonatology 91:210-1. 2007
  16. doi request reprint Newborn care training of midwives and neonatal and perinatal mortality rates in a developing country
    Waldemar A Carlo
    Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 9380 Women and Infants Center, 1700 6th Ave South Birmingham, AL 35233, USA
    Pediatrics 126:e1064-71. 2010
    ..This study was designed to test the hypothesis that 2 training programs would reduce incrementally 7-day neonatal mortality rates for low-risk institutional deliveries...
  17. doi request reprint High mortality rates for very low birth weight infants in developing countries despite training
    Waldemar A Carlo
    University of Alabama at Birmingham, School of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, 176F Suite 9380, 619 S 19th St, Birmingham, AL 35249 7335, USA
    Pediatrics 126:e1072-80. 2010
    ..The study was designed to test the hypothesis that these training programs would reduce neonatal mortality rates for VLBW infants...
  18. pmc Newborn-care training and perinatal mortality in developing countries
    Waldemar A Carlo
    University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35233, USA
    N Engl J Med 362:614-23. 2010
    ..Of the 3.7 million neonatal deaths and 3.3 million stillbirths each year, 98% occur in developing countries. An evaluation of community-based interventions designed to reduce the number of these deaths is needed...
  19. pmc Association of antenatal corticosteroids with mortality and neurodevelopmental outcomes among infants born at 22 to 25 weeks' gestation
    Waldemar A Carlo
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Alabama, 9380 Women and Infants Center, 1700 Sixth Ave S, Birmingham, AL 35249, USA
    JAMA 306:2348-58. 2011
    ..However, many infants born before 24 weeks' gestation are provided intensive care...
  20. ncbi request reprint Care of very low birth weight infants with respiratory distress syndrome: an evidence-based review
    W A Carlo
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35233 7335, USA
    Minerva Pediatr 56:373-80. 2004
    ..Antenatal corticosteroids and surfactant replacement have improved the care of very low birth weight infants...
  21. pmc Educational impact of the neonatal resuscitation program in low-risk delivery centers in a developing country
    Waldemar A Carlo
    University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35233 7335, USA
    J Pediatr 154:504-508.e5. 2009
    ..To evaluate the effectiveness of the American Academy of Pediatrics Neonatal Resuscitation Program (NRP) in improving knowledge, skills, and self-efficacy of nurse midwives in low-risk delivery clinics in a developing country...
  22. ncbi request reprint Hypocapnia and hypercapnia in respiratory management of newborn infants
    N Ambalavanan
    Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, USA
    Clin Perinatol 28:517-31. 2001
    ..Clearly, more randomized, controlled trials are needed before this latter strategy or that of permissive hypercapnia can be recommended routinely for preterm, near-term, or term gestation infants with respiratory disorders...
  23. doi request reprint An alternative strategy for perinatal verbal autopsy coding: single versus multiple coders
    C Engmann
    Department of Pediatrics, University of North Carolina, School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 7596, USA USA
    Trop Med Int Health 16:18-29. 2011
    ..To determine the comparability between cause of death (COD) by a single physician coder and a two-physician panel, using verbal autopsy...
  24. pmc Impact of postnatal corticosteroid use on neurodevelopment at 18 to 22 months' adjusted age: effects of dose, timing, and risk of bronchopulmonary dysplasia in extremely low birth weight infants
    Deanne Wilson-Costello
    Rainbow Babies and Children s Hospital, Division of Neonatology, 11100 Euclid Ave, Cleveland, OH 44106, USA
    Pediatrics 123:e430-7. 2009
    ....
  25. ncbi request reprint Inhaled nitric oxide for premature infants with severe respiratory failure
    Krisa P Van Meurs
    Division of Neonatal and Developmental Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, Calif 94304, USA
    N Engl J Med 353:13-22. 2005
    ..We conducted a multicenter, randomized, blinded, controlled trial to determine whether inhaled nitric oxide reduced the rate of death or bronchopulmonary dysplasia in such infants...
  26. pmc Birth asphyxia survivors in a developing country
    D R Halloran
    Department of Pediatrics, Saint Louis University, Saint Louis, MO 63104, USA
    J Perinatol 29:243-9. 2009
    ..Determine the baseline incidence of birth asphyxia in neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) survivors in a developing country and the early neurodevelopmental outcomes of such infants...
  27. pmc Synchronized nasal intermittent positive-pressure ventilation and neonatal outcomes
    Vineet Bhandari
    Department of Pediatrics, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut 06520 8064, USA
    Pediatrics 124:517-26. 2009
    ..Limited information is available on the outcomes of infants managed with SNIPPV...
  28. ncbi request reprint Comparison of the prediction of extremely low birth weight neonatal mortality by regression analysis and by neural networks
    N Ambalavanan
    Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 525 New Hillman Bldg, 619 South 19th Street, Birmingham, AL 35233 7335, USA
    Early Hum Dev 65:123-37. 2001
    ..To compare the prediction of mortality in individual extremely low birth weight (ELBW) neonates by regression analysis and by artificial neural networks...
  29. ncbi request reprint Outcome of extremely preterm infants randomized at birth to different PaCO2 targets during the first seven days of life
    Ulrich H Thome
    Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Ala, USA
    Biol Neonate 90:218-25. 2006
    ..Ventilation with higher PaCO(2) goals may reduce lung injury and bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). The effect may be enhanced by using a higher PaCO(2) goal than in previous trials...
  30. ncbi request reprint Early prediction of poor outcome in extremely low birth weight infants by classification tree analysis
    N Ambalavanan
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA
    J Pediatr 148:438-444. 2006
    ..To predict death or neurodevelopmental impairment (NDI) in extremely low birth weight infants by classification trees with recursive partitioning and automatic selection of optimal cut points of variables...
  31. doi request reprint Using verbal autopsy to ascertain perinatal cause of death: are trained non-physicians adequate?
    C Engmann
    Division of Neonatal Perinatal Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599 7596, USA
    Trop Med Int Health 14:1496-504. 2009
    ..To develop a standardized verbal autopsy (VA) training program and evaluate whether its implementation resulted in comparable knowledge required to classify perinatal cause of death (COD) by physicians and non-physicians...
  32. pmc Predictors of death or bronchopulmonary dysplasia in preterm infants with respiratory failure
    N Ambalavanan
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35249, USA
    J Perinatol 28:420-6. 2008
    ..To identify the variables that predict death/physiologic bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in preterm infants with severe respiratory failure...
  33. ncbi request reprint Prostaglandin E1-induced hyperostosis: clinicopathologic correlations and possible pathogenetic mechanisms
    O M Faye-Petersen
    Department of Pathology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, USA
    Pediatr Pathol Lab Med 16:489-507. 1996
    ..Moreover, the time course of PGE1-induced osteoblast proliferation and mineralization suggests that experimental use for 4-8 weeks may benefit conditions such as ununited fractures...
  34. pmc Cytokines associated with bronchopulmonary dysplasia or death in extremely low birth weight infants
    Namasivayam Ambalavanan
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35249, USA
    Pediatrics 123:1132-41. 2009
    ..The goal was to develop multivariate logistic regression models for the outcome of bronchopulmonary dysplasia and/or death at postmenstrual age of 36 weeks by using clinical and cytokine data from the first 28 days...
  35. doi request reprint Mortality and morbidity by month of birth of neonates admitted to an academic neonatal intensive care unit
    Thomas D Soltau
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama 35249, USA
    Pediatrics 122:e1048-52. 2008
    ..It is possible that variation in clinical expertise of housestaff affects important clinical outcomes in infants in ICUs...
  36. pmc Community supports after surviving extremely low-birth-weight, extremely preterm birth: special outpatient services in early childhood
    Susan R Hintz
    Division of Neonatal and Developmental Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, California 94304, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 162:748-55. 2008
    ..To determine special outpatient services (SOS) use, need, associated factors, and neurodevelopmental and functional outcomes among extremely preterm infants at 18 to 22 months' corrected age...
  37. ncbi request reprint Respiratory distress syndrome in VLBW infants: changes in management and outcomes observed by the NICHD Neonatal Research Network
    Elaine B St John
    Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35233 7335, USA
    Semin Perinatol 27:288-92. 2003
    ..These trends need to be examined further and standardized methods for determining oxygen requirement are needed...
  38. ncbi request reprint Prediction of death for extremely low birth weight neonates
    Namasivayam Ambalavanan
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Alabama, Birmingham, AL 35249, USA
    Pediatrics 116:1367-73. 2005
    ....
  39. ncbi request reprint Bronchopulmonary dysplasia: new insights
    Namasivayam Ambalavanan
    Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 620 South 20th Street, Birmingham, AL 35233, USA
    Clin Perinatol 31:613-28. 2004
    ..Future therapeutic interventions are likely to target one or more of these abnormalities in lung development, maturation, and response to injury...
  40. pmc Nitric oxide administration using an oxygen hood: a pilot trial
    Namasivayam Ambalavanan
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 4:e4312. 2009
    ..Our objective in this study was to determine feasibility of iNO by oxygen hood in neonates with elevated alveolar-arterial oxygen gradients (A-aDO(2))...
  41. ncbi request reprint Fetal growth risk curves: defining levels of fetal growth restriction by neonatal death risk
    Sheree L Boulet
    Department of Maternal and Child Health, School of Public Health University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294 0022, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 195:1571-7. 2006
    ..We developed a fetal growth risk curve that delineates the birth weight values for gestational age that reflect a 2-, 2.5-, and 3-fold neonatal death risk relative to infants with normal fetal growth...
  42. ncbi request reprint Ventilatory strategies in the prevention and management of bronchopulmonary dysplasia
    Namasivayam Ambalavanan
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35233, USA
    Semin Perinatol 30:192-9. 2006
    ..There is a lack of evidence-based guidelines on management of infants with established BPD. Optimization of clinical care practices and ancillary therapies need to be combined with ventilatory strategies to prevent and manage BPD...
  43. ncbi request reprint Predicting outcomes of neonates diagnosed with hypoxemic-ischemic encephalopathy
    Namasivayam Ambalavanan
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35249, USA
    Pediatrics 118:2084-93. 2006
    ..The goals were to identify predictor variables and to develop scoring systems and classification trees to predict death/disability or death in infants with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy...
  44. ncbi request reprint A comparison of three vitamin A dosing regimens in extremely-low-birth-weight infants
    Namasivayam Ambalavanan
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Alabama at Birmingham, School of Medicine, Birmingham, Alabama, USA
    J Pediatr 142:656-61. 2003
    ....
  45. pmc Stability of neuromotor outcomes at 18 and 30 months of age after extremely low birth weight status
    Myriam Peralta-Carcelen
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, USA
    Pediatrics 123:e887-95. 2009
    ..Extremely low birth weight (< or =1000 g) children have increased rates of cerebral palsy and other abnormal neurologic findings...
  46. ncbi request reprint Vitamin A supplementation for extremely low birth weight infants: outcome at 18 to 22 months
    Namasivayam Ambalavanan
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Alabama, Birmingham, Alabama 35249, USA
    Pediatrics 115:e249-54. 2005
    ..89). As with postnatal steroids or other interventions, it is important to ensure that there are no longer-term adverse effects that outweigh neonatal benefits...
  47. pmc Intercenter differences in bronchopulmonary dysplasia or death among very low birth weight infants
    Namasivayam Ambalavanan
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35249, USA
    Pediatrics 127:e106-16. 2011
    ....
  48. ncbi request reprint Survey of vitamin A supplementation for extremely-low-birth-weight infants: is clinical practice consistent with the evidence?
    Namasivayam Ambalavanan
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 619 South 20th Street, Birmingham, AL 35249, USA
    J Pediatr 145:304-7. 2004
    ....
  49. ncbi request reprint Delivery room continuous positive airway pressure/positive end-expiratory pressure in extremely low birth weight infants: a feasibility trial
    Neil N Finer
    Department of Pediatrics, University of California, 200 W Arbor Dr, 8774, San Diego, CA 92103 8774, USA
    Pediatrics 114:651-7. 2004
    ....
  50. pmc Effects of delayed cord clamping in very-low-birth-weight infants
    W Oh
    Department of Pediatrics, Women and Infants Hospital, 101 Dudley Street, Providence, RI 02905, USA
    J Perinatol 31:S68-71. 2011
    ..Delayed cord clamping (DCC) may be beneficial in very-preterm and very-low-birth-weight infants...
  51. pmc Effects of prophylactic indomethacin in extremely low-birth-weight infants with and without adequate exposure to antenatal corticosteroids
    Barbara Schmidt
    Department of Pediatrics, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Ravdin 8, 3400 Spruce St, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 165:642-6. 2011
    ..To examine whether treatment with antenatal corticosteroids modifies the immediate and long-term effects of prophylactic indomethacin sodium trihydrate in extremely low-birth-weight infants...
  52. pmc Outcome of term infants using apgar scores at 10 minutes following hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy
    Abbot R Laptook
    Department of Pediatrics, Women and Infants Hospital of Rhode Island, Providence, Rhode Island 02906, USA
    Pediatrics 124:1619-26. 2009
    ..The objective of this study was to determine whether Apgar scores at 10 minutes are associated with death or disability in early childhood after perinatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy...
  53. pmc Clinical data predict neurodevelopmental outcome better than head ultrasound in extremely low birth weight infants
    Eduardo Broitman
    University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, USA
    J Pediatr 151:500-5, 505.e1-2. 2007
    ..To determine the relative contribution of clinical data versus head ultrasound scanning (HUS) in predicting neurodevelopmental impairment (NDI) in extremely low birth weight infants...
  54. ncbi request reprint Minimal ventilation to prevent bronchopulmonary dysplasia in extremely-low-birth-weight infants
    Waldemar A Carlo
    University of Alabama at Birmingham, Division of Neonatology, 35233, USA
    J Pediatr 141:370-4. 2002
    ..The primary outcome was death or BPD at 36 weeks' postmenstrual age...
  55. pmc Very low birth weight preterm infants with surgical short bowel syndrome: incidence, morbidity and mortality, and growth outcomes at 18 to 22 months
    Conrad R Cole
    Emory University School of Medicine, Division of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, Department of Pediatrics, 2015 Uppergate Dr, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Pediatrics 122:e573-82. 2008
    ....
  56. ncbi request reprint Gastric residuals and their relationship to necrotizing enterocolitis in very low birth weight infants
    Bridget Arnold Cobb
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Alabama at Birmingham School of Medicine, 35249, USA
    Pediatrics 113:50-3. 2004
    ..To determine the characteristics of gastric residuals in very low birth weight (VLBW; <or=1500 g birth weight) infants with and without necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC)...
  57. pmc Impact of timing of birth and resident duty-hour restrictions on outcomes for small preterm infants
    Edward F Bell
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
    Pediatrics 126:222-31. 2010
    ....
  58. ncbi request reprint Retinol-binding protein, transthyretin, and C-reactive protein in extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants
    Namasivayam Ambalavanan
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35246, USA
    J Perinatol 25:714-9. 2005
    ..Vitamin A deficiency reduces retinol binding protein (RBP) but not transthyretin (TTR), while inflammation reduces both RBP and TTR and increases C-reactive protein (CRP), an acute phase reactant...
  59. ncbi request reprint Parenteral glutamine supplementation does not reduce the risk of mortality or late-onset sepsis in extremely low birth weight infants
    Brenda B Poindexter
    Department of Pediatrics, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana, USA
    Pediatrics 113:1209-15. 2004
    ..Whether glutamine supplementation would provide a similar benefit to extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants is not known...
  60. pmc Maternal age, multiple birth, and extremely low birth weight infants
    Betty R Vohr
    Department of Pediatrics, The Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, RI, USA
    J Pediatr 154:498-503.e2. 2009
    ..To compare the rates of adverse neurodevelopmental outcome or death at 18 to 22 months among extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants born to mothers >or=4 0 years to the corresponding rates among infants of younger mothers...
  61. doi request reprint PaCO2 and neurodevelopment in extremely low birth weight infants
    Lara A McKee
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35233, USA
    J Pediatr 155:217-21.e1. 2009
    ..To determine the relationship between PaCO2 in the first 4 days of life and neurodevelopment at 18 to 22 months...
  62. pmc Outcomes of safety and effectiveness in a multicenter randomized, controlled trial of whole-body hypothermia for neonatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy
    Seetha Shankaran
    Department of Pediatrics, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, Michigan, USA
    Pediatrics 122:e791-8. 2008
    ..Whole-body hypothermia reduced the frequency of death or moderate/severe disabilities in neonates with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy in a randomized, controlled multicenter trial...
  63. doi request reprint Evaluating retinopathy of prematurity screening guidelines for 24- to 27-week gestational age infants
    K A Kennedy
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Texas Medical School at Houston, Houston, TX, USA
    J Perinatol 34:311-8. 2014
    ..Some infants do not meet treatment criteria until after discharge home. Post-discharge follow-up of infants who are still at risk for severe ROP is crucial for timely detection and treatment. ..
  64. ncbi request reprint Sustained reductions in neonatal nosocomial infection rates following a comprehensive infection control intervention
    R L Schelonka
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Alabama at Birmingham, AL 35233, USA
    J Perinatol 26:176-9. 2006
    ..We sought to determine if comprehensive infection control (CIC) measures decrease rates in a large neonatal intensive care nursery...
  65. ncbi request reprint Late-onset sepsis in very low birth weight neonates: the experience of the NICHD Neonatal Research Network
    Barbara J Stoll
    Department of Pediatrics, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA
    Pediatrics 110:285-91. 2002
    ....
  66. pmc Neonatal outcomes of extremely preterm infants from the NICHD Neonatal Research Network
    Barbara J Stoll
    Department of Pediatrics, Emory University School of Medicine and Children s Healthcare of Atlanta, 2015 Uppergate Dr, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Pediatrics 126:443-56. 2010
    ....
  67. ncbi request reprint Feasibility of nitric oxide administration by oxygen hood in neonatal pulmonary hypertension
    Namasivayam Ambalavanan
    Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 35249 6098, USA
    J Perinatol 22:50-6. 2002
    ..To test the hemodynamic efficacy and feasibility of nitric oxide (NO) administration by oxygen hood in neonatal pulmonary hypertension...
  68. ncbi request reprint Safety and effectiveness of permissive hypercapnia in the preterm infant
    J Davin Miller
    University of Alabama at Birmingham, AL 35233 7335, USA
    Curr Opin Pediatr 19:142-4. 2007
    ..There are physiologic rationale and recent experimental data to support the potential benefits of permissive hypercapnia...
  69. pmc Neonatal candidiasis: epidemiology, risk factors, and clinical judgment
    Daniel K Benjamin
    Department of Pediatrics, Duke University, Duke Clinical Research Institute, 2400 Pratt St, Durham, NC 27705, USA
    Pediatrics 126:e865-73. 2010
    ..We quantified risk factors that predict infection in premature infants at high risk and compared clinical judgment with a prediction model of invasive candidiasis...
  70. pmc Antenatal consent in the SUPPORT trial: challenges, costs, and representative enrollment
    Wade D Rich
    Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, University of California, San Diego, California, USA
    Pediatrics 126:e215-21. 2010
    ....
  71. pmc Predicting time to hospital discharge for extremely preterm infants
    Susan R Hintz
    Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology, Stanford University School of Medicine and Lucile Packard Children s Hospital, Palo Alto, CA 94304, USA
    Pediatrics 125:e146-54. 2010
    ..Accurate models for predicting time to hospital discharge could aid in resource planning, family counseling, and stimulate quality-improvement initiatives...
  72. doi request reprint Pulmonary complications of mechanical ventilation in neonates
    J Davin Miller
    Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 525 New Hillman Building, 619 19th Street South, Birmingham, AL 35233 7335, USA
    Clin Perinatol 35:273-81, x-xi. 2008
    ..Clinical research is needed to improve mechanical ventilator strategies to reduce pulmonary complications and improve long-term outcomes...
  73. ncbi request reprint Changes in pathogens causing early-onset sepsis in very-low-birth-weight infants
    Barbara J Stoll
    Department of Pediatrics, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    N Engl J Med 347:240-7. 2002
    ....
  74. ncbi request reprint To tap or not to tap: high likelihood of meningitis without sepsis among very low birth weight infants
    Barbara J Stoll
    Department of Pediatrics, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Pediatrics 113:1181-6. 2004
    ..We speculated that meningitis may be underdiagnosed among very low birth weight (VLBW) infants because of the failure to perform lumbar punctures (LPs) in infants with suspected sepsis...
  75. ncbi request reprint Identification of serious congenital heart disease in neonates after initial hospital discharge
    John T Benjamin
    University of Alabama at Birmingham, Department of Pediatrics, Birmingham, AL 35233, USA
    Congenit Heart Dis 2:327-31. 2007
    ..We sought to determine the time to identification for infants with serious CHD admitted to the State of Alabama's neonatal cardiovascular center and to identify types of cardiac lesions associated with an earlier vs. later diagnosis...
  76. doi request reprint Prophylactic phenobarbital and whole-body cooling for neonatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy
    Donald F Meyn
    Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA
    J Pediatr 157:334-6. 2010
    ..3) but fewer clinical seizures in cooled infants who received prophylactic phenobarbital (15% vs 82% P < .0001)...
  77. ncbi request reprint Both extremes of arterial carbon dioxide pressure and the magnitude of fluctuations in arterial carbon dioxide pressure are associated with severe intraventricular hemorrhage in preterm infants
    Jorge Fabres
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA
    Pediatrics 119:299-305. 2007
    ..The goal was to test the hypothesis that extremes of PaCO2 during the first 4 days after birth are associated with severe intraventricular hemorrhage (grades 3 and 4)...
  78. pmc Elevated temperature after hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy: risk factor for adverse outcomes
    Abbot Laptook
    Department of Pediatrics, Women and Infants Hospital of Rhode Island, 101 Dudley St, Providence, RI 02906, USA
    Pediatrics 122:491-9. 2008
    ....
  79. ncbi request reprint Whole-body hypothermia for neonates with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy
    Seetha Shankaran
    Division of Neonatal Perinatal Medicine, Wayne State University, Children s Hospital of Michigan, Detroit, MI 48201, USA
    N Engl J Med 353:1574-84. 2005
    ..Hypothermia is protective against brain injury after asphyxiation in animal models. However, the safety and effectiveness of hypothermia in term infants with encephalopathy is uncertain...
  80. ncbi request reprint Mortality in low birth weight infants according to level of neonatal care at hospital of birth
    Javier Cifuentes
    Department of Pediatrics, Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile, Santiago, Chile
    Pediatrics 109:745-51. 2002
    ..This study evaluated the effect of NICU level and patient volume at the hospital of birth on neonatal mortality of infants with a birth weight (BW) of <2000 g...
  81. ncbi request reprint Association between peak serum bilirubin and neurodevelopmental outcomes in extremely low birth weight infants
    William Oh
    Women and Infants Hospital of Rhode Island Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island 02905, USA
    Pediatrics 112:773-9. 2003
    ..To assess the association between peak total serum bilirubin (PSB) levels during the first 2 weeks of life and neurodevelopmental outcomes of extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants at 18 to 22 months' postmenstrual age...
  82. pmc Aggressive vs. conservative phototherapy for infants with extremely low birth weight
    Brenda H Morris
    University of Texas Medical School, Houston, TX 77030, USA
    N Engl J Med 359:1885-96. 2008
    ..It is unclear whether aggressive phototherapy to prevent neurotoxic effects of bilirubin benefits or harms infants with extremely low birth weight (1000 g or less)...
  83. ncbi request reprint Trends in neonatal morbidity and mortality for very low birthweight infants
    Avroy A Fanaroff
    Department of Pediatrics, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 196:147.e1-8. 2007
    ..To document the mortality and morbidity of infants weighing 501-1500 g at birth according to gestational age, birthweight, and sex...
  84. ncbi request reprint Permissive hypercapnia
    Ulrich H Thome
    Division of Neonatology and Pediatric Critical Care, Children s Hospital, University of Ulm, 89070 Ulm, Germany
    Semin Neonatol 7:409-19. 2002
    ..Herein, we review the mechanisms leading to lung injury, the physiologic effects of hypercapnia, the dangers of hypocapnia, and the available clinical data...
  85. ncbi request reprint Effect of parenteral glutamine supplementation on plasma amino acid concentrations in extremely low-birth-weight infants
    Brenda B Poindexter
    Indiana University, Indianapolis, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 77:737-43. 2003
    ..Glutamine is one of the most abundant amino acids in both plasma and human milk and may be conditionally essential in premature infants. However, glutamine is not provided by standard intravenous amino acid solutions...
  86. ncbi request reprint Born-Alive Infants Protection Act of 2001, Public Law No. 107-207
    David Boyle
    Indian University Medical Center, 699 West Dr, RR208, Indianapolis, IN 46202, USA
    Pediatrics 111:680-1. 2003
  87. pmc Neurodevelopmental outcome of extremely low birth weight infants with posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus requiring shunt insertion
    Ira Adams-Chapman
    Department of Pediatrics Division of Neonatology, Emory University School of Medicine, 46 Jesse Hill Jr Drive SE, Atlanta, GA 30303, USA
    Pediatrics 121:e1167-77. 2008
    ..We aimed to evaluate neurodevelopmental and growth outcomes among extremely low birth weight infants who had severe intraventricular hemorrhage that required shunt insertion compared with infants without shunt insertion...
  88. pmc The Alabama Preterm Birth Study: umbilical cord blood Ureaplasma urealyticum and Mycoplasma hominis cultures in very preterm newborn infants
    Robert L Goldenberg
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Drexel University College of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 198:43.e1-5. 2008
    ....
  89. ncbi request reprint The outcome of infants with an Apgar score of zero at 10 minutes: past and future
    Waldemar A Carlo
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 196:422-3. 2007