Affiliation: University of Michigan
- Short-term and long-term effects of violent media on aggression in children and adultsBrad J Bushman
Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 160:348-52. 2006..We also tested the theory-driven hypothesis that short-term effects should be greater for adults and long-term effects should be greater for children...
- Violence and sex in television programs do not sell products in advertisementsBrad J Bushman
Institute for Social Research, Department of Psychology, University of Michigan, MI, USA
Psychol Sci 16:702-8. 2005..These effects occurred for males and females of all ages, regardless of whether they liked programs containing violence and sex. These results show that violence and sex in television programs do not sell products in advertisements...
- Is the curve relating temperature to aggression linear or curvilinear? A response to Bell (2005) and to Cohn and Rotton (2005)Brad J Bushman
Institute for Social Research, Ann Arbor, MI 48106, USA
J Pers Soc Psychol 89:74-7. 2005..Assaults and other violent crimes might decrease when temperatures are very hot, but the Minneapolis data set does not allow for testing of this hypothesis because Minneapolis is too cold...
- Is the curve relating temperature to aggression linear or curvilinear? Assaults and temperature in minneapolis reexaminedBrad J Bushman
Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48106, USA
J Pers Soc Psychol 89:62-6. 2005..The Minneapolis data actually provide stronger support of a positive linear (or monotonic) relationship between temperature and assault than of an inverted U-shaped relationship...
- Chewing on it can chew you up: effects of rumination on triggered displaced aggressionBrad J Bushman
Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
J Pers Soc Psychol 88:969-83. 2005..All 3 studies suggest that ruminating about a provocation increases the likelihood that a minor triggering annoyance will increase displaced aggression...
- When god sanctions killing: effect of scriptural violence on aggressionBrad J Bushman
Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, 426 Thompson St, Ann Arbor, MI 48106, USA
Psychol Sci 18:204-7. 2007..These results suggest that scriptural violence sanctioned by God can increase aggression, especially in believers...
- Narcissism, sexual refusal, and aggression: testing a narcissistic reactance model of sexual coercionBrad J Bushman
Department of Psychology, Iowa State University, USA
J Pers Soc Psychol 84:1027-40. 2003..In Study 3, narcissists were more punitive than other men toward a female confederate who refused to read a sexually arousing passage aloud to them...
- Looking again, and harder, for a link between low self-esteem and aggressionBrad J Bushman
Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, 426 Thompson Street, Ann Arbor, MI 48106, USA
J Pers 77:427-46. 2009..These results support the view of aggression as stemming from threatened egotism and are inconsistent with the hypothesis that low self-esteem causes either direct or indirect aggression...
- Comfortably numb: desensitizing effects of violent media on helping othersBrad J Bushman
Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, 426 Thomson St, Ann Arbor, MI 48106, USA
Psychol Sci 20:273-7. 2009..Participants who had just watched a violent movie took longer to help than participants in the other three conditions. The findings from both studies suggest that violent media make people numb to the pain and suffering of others...
- The effects of prosocial video games on prosocial behaviors: international evidence from correlational, longitudinal, and experimental studiesDouglas A Gentile
Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011, USA
Pers Soc Psychol Bull 35:752-63. 2009..These similar results across different methodologies, ages, and cultures provide robust evidence of a prosocial game content effect, and they provide support for the General Learning Model...
- Development and validation of the childhood narcissism scaleSander Thomaes
Department of Psychology, VU University, The Netherlands
J Pers Assess 90:382-91. 2008..The CNS provides researchers a convenient tool for measuring narcissism in children and young adolescents with strong preliminary psychometric characteristics...
- Attenuating the link between threatened egotism and aggressionSara Konrath
University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48106, USA
Psychol Sci 17:995-1001. 2006..However, narcissistic aggression was completely attenuated, even under ego threat, when participants believed they shared a key similarity with their partner...
- Violent video game effects on aggression, empathy, and prosocial behavior in eastern and western countries: a meta-analytic reviewCraig A Anderson
Department of Psychology, W112 Lagomarcino Hall, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011, USA
Psychol Bull 136:151-73. 2010..Results of various sensitivity analyses revealed these effects to be robust, with little evidence of selection (publication) bias...
- The appeal of violent video games to lower educated aggressive adolescent boys from two countriesJeroen S Lemmens
Department of Communication Science, Free University, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Cyberpsychol Behav 9:638-41. 2006..Aggressive individuals are attracted to violent games. Playing violent games increases aggressiveness and decreases empathy, which in turn leads to increased appreciation and use of violent games...
- Seeing my world in a million little pieces: narcissism, self-construal, and cognitive-perceptual styleSara Konrath
Research Center for Group Dynamics, Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
J Pers 77:1197-228. 2009....
- Kicking the (barking) dog effect: the moderating role of target attributes on triggered displaced aggressionWilliam C Pedersen
Department of Psychology, California State University, Long Beach, CA 90840 0901, USA
Pers Soc Psychol Bull 34:1382-95. 2008..The results from all three experiments are consistent with cognitive neoassociationist theory...
- The role of violent media preference in cumulative developmental risk for violence and general aggressionPaul Boxer
Department of Psychology, Rutgers University, Newark, NJ 07102, USA
J Youth Adolesc 38:417-28. 2009..Findings represent a new and important direction for research on the role of violent media use in the broader matrix of risk factors for youth violence...
- Egos inflating over time: a cross-temporal meta-analysis of the Narcissistic Personality InventoryJean M Twenge
Department of Psychology, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA 92182 4611, USA
J Pers 76:875-902; discussion 903-28. 2008..The results complement previous studies finding increases in other individualistic traits such as assertiveness, agency, self-esteem, and extraversion...
- What makes narcissists bloom? A framework for research on the etiology and development of narcissismSander Thomaes
Department of Developmental Psychology, Utrecht University, P O Box 80 140, Utrecht 3584 CS, The Netherlands, USA
Dev Psychopathol 21:1233-47. 2009..This research should yield fundamental knowledge and should inform intervention efforts to minimize the negative impact narcissistic individuals have on themselves and on others...
- Media ratings for violence and sex. Implications for policymakers and parentsBrad J Bushman
Department of Psychology, Iowa State University, W112 Lagomarcino Hall, Ames, IA 50011 3180, USA
Am Psychol 58:130-41. 2003..This effect occurs for both age-based and content-based ratings. Implications for policymakers and parents are discussed...
- Too proud to let go: narcissistic entitlement as a barrier to forgivenessJulie Juola Exline
Department of Psychology, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH 44106 7123, USA
J Pers Soc Psychol 87:894-912. 2004..Study 6 demonstrated that entitlement predicted diminished increases in forgiveness over time. Taken together, these results suggest that narcissistic entitlement is a robust, distinct predictor of unforgiveness...
- Reducing narcissistic aggression by buttressing self-esteem: an experimental field studySander Thomaes
Department of Psychology, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands
Psychol Sci 20:1536-42. 2009..These results provide the first empirical demonstration that buttressing self-esteem (as opposed to boosting self-esteem) can be effective at reducing aggression in at-risk youth...
- Psychology. The effects of media violence on societyCraig A Anderson
Department of Psychology, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011 3180, USA
Science 295:2377-9. 2002
- Violence and sex impair memory for television adsBrad J Bushman
Department of Psychology, Iowa State University, Ames 50011 3180, USA
J Appl Psychol 87:557-64. 2002..These results suggest that sponsoring violent and sexually explicit TV programs might not be a profitable venture for advertisers...
- Media violence and the American public revisitedCraig A Anderson
Department of Psychology, W112 Lagomarcino Hall, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011 3180, USA
Am Psychol 57:448-50. 2002
- Psychological entitlement: interpersonal consequences and validation of a self-report measureW Keith Campbell
Department of Psychology, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602 3013, USA
J Pers Assess 83:29-45. 2004..Psychological entitlement has a pervasive and largely unconstructive impact on social behavior...
- Human aggressionCraig A Anderson
Department of Psychology, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011 3180, USA
Annu Rev Psychol 53:27-51. 2002....
- Children's direct fright and worry reactions to violence in fiction and news television programsJuliette H Walma van der Molen
Department of Communication, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands
J Pediatr 153:420-4. 2008..To examine whether violence in fictional and news television content frightens and worries children...
- I wish I were a warrior: the role of wishful identification in the effects of violent video games on aggression in adolescent boysElly A Konijn
Department of Communication Science, VU University Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands
Dev Psychol 43:1038-44. 2007..These results show that identifying with violent video game characters makes players more aggressive. Players were especially likely to identify with violent characters in realistic games and with games they felt immersed in...