K H Brown

Summary

Affiliation: University of California
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc Estimating the global prevalence of zinc deficiency: results based on zinc availability in national food supplies and the prevalence of stunting
    K Ryan Wessells
    Department of Nutrition, University of California Davis, Davis, California, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 7:e50568. 2012
  2. pmc Estimating the global prevalence of inadequate zinc intake from national food balance sheets: effects of methodological assumptions
    K Ryan Wessells
    Department of Nutrition, University of California Davis, Davis, California, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 7:e50565. 2012
  3. pmc Caregiver recognition of childhood diarrhea, care seeking behaviors and home treatment practices in rural Burkina Faso: a cross-sectional survey
    Shelby E Wilson
    Department of Nutrition, University of California Davis, Davis, California, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 7:e33273. 2012
  4. ncbi request reprint Comparison of the estimated cost-effectiveness of preventive and therapeutic zinc supplementation strategies for reducing child morbidity and mortality in sub-Saharan Africa
    Kenneth H Brown
    Department of Nutrition, Program in International and Community Nutrition, University of California, One Shields Avenue, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    Food Nutr Bull 34:199-214. 2013
  5. ncbi request reprint Effect of infections on plasma zinc concentration and implications for zinc status assessment in low-income countries
    K H Brown
    Department of Nutrition, University of California, Davis 95616, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 68:425S-429S. 1998
  6. ncbi request reprint Dietary intervention strategies to enhance zinc nutrition: promotion and support of breastfeeding for infants and young children
    Kenneth H Brown
    Department of Nutrition, University of California, Davis, California 95616, USA
    Food Nutr Bull 30:S144-71. 2009
  7. ncbi request reprint Commentary: Zinc and child growth
    Kenneth H Brown
    Program in International Nutrition and Department of Nutrition, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    Int J Epidemiol 32:1103-4. 2003
  8. ncbi request reprint Preventive zinc supplementation among infants, preschoolers, and older prepubertal children
    Kenneth H Brown
    Department of Nutrition, University of California, Davis, California 95616, USA
    Food Nutr Bull 30:S12-40. 2009
  9. ncbi request reprint Diarrhea and malnutrition
    Kenneth H Brown
    Program in International Nutrition and Department of Nutrition, University of California, Davis, USA
    J Nutr 133:328S-332S. 2003
  10. ncbi request reprint Effect of supplemental zinc on the growth and serum zinc concentrations of prepubertal children: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials
    Kenneth H Brown
    Program in International Nutrition and the Department of Nutrition, University of California, Davis 95616, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 75:1062-71. 2002

Detail Information

Publications80

  1. pmc Estimating the global prevalence of zinc deficiency: results based on zinc availability in national food supplies and the prevalence of stunting
    K Ryan Wessells
    Department of Nutrition, University of California Davis, Davis, California, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 7:e50568. 2012
    ....
  2. pmc Estimating the global prevalence of inadequate zinc intake from national food balance sheets: effects of methodological assumptions
    K Ryan Wessells
    Department of Nutrition, University of California Davis, Davis, California, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 7:e50565. 2012
    ..These analyses were conducted to: (1) evaluate the effect of varying methodological assumptions on country-specific estimates of the prevalence of dietary zinc inadequacy and (2) generate a model considered to provide the best estimates...
  3. pmc Caregiver recognition of childhood diarrhea, care seeking behaviors and home treatment practices in rural Burkina Faso: a cross-sectional survey
    Shelby E Wilson
    Department of Nutrition, University of California Davis, Davis, California, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 7:e33273. 2012
    ....
  4. ncbi request reprint Comparison of the estimated cost-effectiveness of preventive and therapeutic zinc supplementation strategies for reducing child morbidity and mortality in sub-Saharan Africa
    Kenneth H Brown
    Department of Nutrition, Program in International and Community Nutrition, University of California, One Shields Avenue, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    Food Nutr Bull 34:199-214. 2013
    ..Zinc supplementation of young children in lower-income countries reduces morbidity from diarrhea and pneumonia and all-cause mortality, but the most cost-effective approach for distributing zinc supplements is unknown...
  5. ncbi request reprint Effect of infections on plasma zinc concentration and implications for zinc status assessment in low-income countries
    K H Brown
    Department of Nutrition, University of California, Davis 95616, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 68:425S-429S. 1998
    ..Thus, it appears that the mean plasma zinc concentration may be a useful indicator of population zinc status for children in low-income countries despite the high prevalence of common childhood infections encountered in these settings...
  6. ncbi request reprint Dietary intervention strategies to enhance zinc nutrition: promotion and support of breastfeeding for infants and young children
    Kenneth H Brown
    Department of Nutrition, University of California, Davis, California 95616, USA
    Food Nutr Bull 30:S144-71. 2009
    ..Public health programs to promote and support breastfeeding should be included among the strategies to ensure adequate zinc status of young children...
  7. ncbi request reprint Commentary: Zinc and child growth
    Kenneth H Brown
    Program in International Nutrition and Department of Nutrition, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    Int J Epidemiol 32:1103-4. 2003
  8. ncbi request reprint Preventive zinc supplementation among infants, preschoolers, and older prepubertal children
    Kenneth H Brown
    Department of Nutrition, University of California, Davis, California 95616, USA
    Food Nutr Bull 30:S12-40. 2009
    ..The available evidence supports the need for intervention programs to enhance zinc status to reduce child morbidity and mortality and to enhance child growth. Possible strategies for delivering preventive zinc supplements are discussed...
  9. ncbi request reprint Diarrhea and malnutrition
    Kenneth H Brown
    Program in International Nutrition and Department of Nutrition, University of California, Davis, USA
    J Nutr 133:328S-332S. 2003
    ..The results of these studies have prompted a number of changes in the clinical treatment of patients with diarrhea and in public health policies regarding its prevention...
  10. ncbi request reprint Effect of supplemental zinc on the growth and serum zinc concentrations of prepubertal children: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials
    Kenneth H Brown
    Program in International Nutrition and the Department of Nutrition, University of California, Davis 95616, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 75:1062-71. 2002
    ..Multiple studies have been carried out to assess the effect of zinc supplementation on children's growth. The results of these studies are inconsistent, and the factors responsible for these varied outcomes are unknown...
  11. ncbi request reprint Zinc bioavailability from zinc-fortified foods
    Kenneth H Brown
    Department of Nutrition, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    Int J Vitam Nutr Res 77:174-81. 2007
    ..There is little information on the effect of fortification with other micronutrients on zinc absorption from co-fortified foods, and zinc fortification does not seem to suppress iron absorption from iron-fortified foods in most studies...
  12. ncbi request reprint Management of children with acute malnutrition in resource-poor settings
    Kenneth H Brown
    Program in International and Community Nutrition and Department of Nutrition, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    Nat Rev Endocrinol 5:597-603. 2009
    ..This Review describes the main components of the treatment of young children with acute malnutrition in resource poor settings and some recent advances in CMAM programs...
  13. ncbi request reprint Zinc fortification of cereal flours: current recommendations and research needs
    Kenneth H Brown
    Program in International and Community Nutrition, Department of Nutrition, University of California, Davis, One Shields Ave, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    Food Nutr Bull 31:S62-74. 2010
    ..Zinc fortification is recommended as an appropriate strategy to enhance population zinc status, but guidelines are needed on the appropriate types and levels of zinc fortification of cereal flours for mass fortification programs...
  14. doi request reprint Strengthening public health nutrition research and training capacities in West Africa: Report of a planning workshop convened in Dakar, Senegal, 26-28 March 2009
    Kenneth H Brown
    Department of Nutrition, University of California Davis, USA
    Glob Public Health 5:S1-19. 2010
    ....
  15. ncbi request reprint Galvanizing action: conclusions and next steps for mainstreaming zinc interventions in public health programs
    Kenneth H Brown
    Department of Nutrition, University of California, Davis, California 95616, USA
    Food Nutr Bull 30:S179-84. 2009
    ....
  16. doi request reprint Setting priorities for zinc-related health research to reduce children's disease burden worldwide: an application of the Child Health and Nutrition Research Initiative's research priority-setting method
    Kenneth H Brown
    Program in International and Community Nutrition, Department of Nutrition, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    Public Health Nutr 12:389-96. 2009
    ....
  17. ncbi request reprint Comparison of the effects of zinc delivered in a fortified food or a liquid supplement on the growth, morbidity, and plasma zinc concentrations of young Peruvian children
    Kenneth H Brown
    Department of Nutrition and Program in International and Community Nutrition, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 85:538-47. 2007
    ..Zinc supplementation decreases morbidity from infections and increases growth of stunted children, but there is little information on functional responses to zinc delivered in fortified foods...
  18. ncbi request reprint Effects of age at introduction of complementary foods to breast-fed infants on duration of lactational amenorrhea in Honduran women
    K G Dewey
    Department of Nutrition, University of California, Davis 95616 8669, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 65:1403-9. 1997
    ....
  19. ncbi request reprint Assessment of vitamin A status by the deuterated-retinol-dilution technique and comparison with hepatic vitamin A concentration in Bangladeshi surgical patients
    M J Haskell
    Program in International Nutrition, University of California, Davis 95616, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 66:67-74. 1997
    ..Thus, further refinement of the prediction model is necessary to improve estimates of hepatic vitamin A reserves for individual subjects...
  20. ncbi request reprint Longitudinal measures of circulating leptin and ghrelin concentrations are associated with the growth of young Peruvian children but are not affected by zinc supplementation
    Joanne E Arsenault
    Program in International and Community Nutrition, Department of Nutrition, University of California, Davis, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 86:1111-9. 2007
    ..Leptin, ghrelin, and insulin are hormonal regulators of energy balance and, therefore, may be related to growth during infancy. Zinc is essential for growth, and its growth effects may be mediated through these hormones...
  21. ncbi request reprint Effects of age of introduction of complementary foods on iron status of breast-fed infants in Honduras
    K G Dewey
    Department of Nutrition, University of California, Davis 95616 8669, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 67:878-84. 1998
    ....
  22. ncbi request reprint Plasma kinetics of an oral dose of [2H4]retinyl acetate in human subjects with estimated low or high total body stores of vitamin A
    M J Haskell
    Department of Nutrition and the Facility for Advanced Instrumentation, University of California, Davis, 95616, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 68:90-5. 1998
    ..5 +/- 4.4 and 16.3 +/- 3.9 d, respectively, P = 0.69). Thus, the size of hepatic vitamin A reserves does not appear to affect equilibration time within the range of values observed...
  23. ncbi request reprint Longitudinal measurements of zinc absorption in Peruvian children consuming wheat products fortified with iron only or iron and 1 of 2 amounts of zinc
    Daniel Lopez de Romaña
    Program in International Nutrition and the Department of Nutrition, University of California, Davis 95616, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 81:637-47. 2005
    ..Information is needed on the fractional absorption of zinc (FAZ) and absorbed zinc (AZ) during prolonged exposure to zinc-fortified foods...
  24. ncbi request reprint Age of introduction of complementary foods and growth of term, low-birth-weight, breast-fed infants: a randomized intervention study in Honduras
    K G Dewey
    Department of Nutrition and the Program in International Nutrition, University of California, Davis 95616 8669, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 69:679-86. 1999
    ..The optimal age at which to introduce complementary foods is a topic of considerable debate...
  25. ncbi request reprint Home fortification of complementary foods with micronutrient supplements is well accepted and has positive effects on infant iron status in Ghana
    Seth Adu-Afarwuah
    Program in International and Community Nutrition, University of California, Davis, CA 95616 8669, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 87:929-38. 2008
    ..Micronutrient deficiencies are common during infancy, and optimal approaches for their prevention need to be identified...
  26. ncbi request reprint Dose-response trial of prophylactic zinc supplements, with or without copper, in young Ecuadorian children at risk of zinc deficiency
    Sara E Wuehler
    Department of Nutrition, Program in International and Community Nutrition, University of California, Davis, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 87:723-33. 2008
    ..Multiple studies have shown the benefits of zinc supplementation among young children in high-risk populations. However, the optimal dose and safe upper level of zinc have not been determined...
  27. ncbi request reprint Supplementation with iron and riboflavin enhances dark adaptation response to vitamin A-fortified rice in iron-deficient, pregnant, nightblind Nepali women
    Joanne M Graham
    Program in International Nutrition, Department of Nutritional Biology, University of California Davis, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 85:1375-84. 2007
    ..Iron and riboflavin affect vitamin A utilization and photoreceptor function, respectively, and pilot data in the study population showed a high prevalence of iron and riboflavin deficiencies...
  28. ncbi request reprint Additional zinc delivered in a liquid supplement, but not in a fortified porridge, increased fat-free mass accrual among young Peruvian children with mild-to-moderate stunting
    Joanne E Arsenault
    Program in International and Community Nutrition and Department of Nutrition, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    J Nutr 138:108-14. 2008
    ....
  29. ncbi request reprint Randomized comparison of 3 types of micronutrient supplements for home fortification of complementary foods in Ghana: effects on growth and motor development
    Seth Adu-Afarwuah
    Program in International Nutrition and Community Nutrition, University of California, Davis, CA 95616 8669, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 86:412-20. 2007
    ..A potential low-cost solution is the home fortification of complementary foods with Sprinkles (SP) powder, crushable Nutritabs (NT) tablets, or energy-dense (108 kcal/d), fat-based Nutributter (NB)...
  30. doi request reprint Acceptability of complementary foods and breads prepared from zinc-fortified cereal flours among young children and adults in Senegal
    G J Aaron
    Program in Intl and Community Nutrition and Dept of Nutrition, Univ of California, Davis, One Shields Ave, Davis CA 95616, USA
    J Food Sci 76:S56-62. 2011
    ..Determining the acceptability of products fortified with zinc is an important step in the development of zinc fortification programs...
  31. ncbi request reprint International Zinc Nutrition Consultative Group (IZiNCG) technical document #1. Assessment of the risk of zinc deficiency in populations and options for its control
    Kenneth H Brown
    Program in International Nutrition, University of California, Davis, USA
    Food Nutr Bull 25:S99-203. 2004
  32. ncbi request reprint Zinc intake of US preschool children exceeds new dietary reference intakes
    Joanne E Arsenault
    Program in International Nutrition, Department of Nutrition, University of California, Davis, 95616, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 78:1011-7. 2003
    ..The recent dietary reference intakes publication provides updated information on the physiologic and dietary requirements for zinc and proposes new tolerable upper intake levels...
  33. ncbi request reprint Breastfeeding and complementary feeding of children up to 2 years of age
    Kenneth H Brown
    Department of Nutrition and Program in International and Community Nutrition, University of California, Davis, CA, USA
    Nestle Nutr Workshop Ser Pediatr Program 60:1-10; discussion 10-3. 2007
    ..Advantages, disadvantages, and possible risks of these different strategies are discussed...
  34. ncbi request reprint Effects of varied energy density of complementary foods on breast-milk intakes and total energy consumption by healthy, breastfed Bangladeshi children
    M Munirul Islam
    Program in International Nutrition, University of California Davis, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 83:851-8. 2006
    ..Information is needed to design studies of the effects of complementary feeding regimens on children's intakes of complementary foods (CFs) and breast milk...
  35. ncbi request reprint Impact of zinc fortification on zinc nutrition
    Sonja Y Hess
    Department of Nutrition, University of California, Davis, California 95616, USA
    Food Nutr Bull 30:S79-107. 2009
    ..Because of the limited available information on program impact, it will be important to evaluate the outcomes of such programs...
  36. ncbi request reprint Use of serum zinc concentration as an indicator of population zinc status
    Sonja Y Hess
    Department of Nutrition, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    Food Nutr Bull 28:S403-29. 2007
    ..Serum zinc concentration can be considered a useful biomarker of a population's risk of zinc deficiency and response to zinc interventions, although it may not be a reliable indicator of individual zinc status...
  37. ncbi request reprint Update on technical issues concerning complementary feeding of young children in developing countries and implications for intervention programs
    Kathryn G Dewey
    Department of Nutrition, University of California, in Davis, California, USA
    Food Nutr Bull 24:5-28. 2003
    ..A six-step approach to planning, implementing, and evaluating such programs is recommended...
  38. doi request reprint The time of day and the interval since previous meal are associated with plasma zinc concentrations and affect estimated risk of zinc deficiency in young children in Peru and Ecuador
    J E Arsenault
    Program in International and Community Nutrition, Department of Nutrition, University of California Davis, One Shields Avenue, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    Eur J Clin Nutr 65:184-90. 2011
    ..Our objective is to develop correction factors to adjust for the effects of time of day and interval since the previous meal when measuring plasma zinc concentrations of young children...
  39. ncbi request reprint Absorption of iron from unmodified maize and genetically altered, low-phytate maize fortified with ferrous sulfate or sodium iron EDTA
    C Mendoza
    Institute of Nutrition of Central America and Panama, Guatemala City, Guatemala
    Am J Clin Nutr 73:80-5. 2001
    ..Fractional iron absorption from a genetically modified strain of low-phytate maize (LPM) increased significantly, by 50%...
  40. ncbi request reprint Effect of genetically modified, low-phytic acid maize on absorption of iron from tortillas
    C Mendoza
    Institute of Nutrition of Central America and Panama, Guatemala City, Guatemala
    Am J Clin Nutr 68:1123-7. 1998
    ..Genetically modified, low-phytic acid strains of maize were developed to enhance mineral absorption, but have not been tested previously in humans...
  41. ncbi request reprint Daily consumption of Indian spinach (Basella alba) or sweet potatoes has a positive effect on total-body vitamin A stores in Bangladeshi men
    Marjorie J Haskell
    Program in International Nutrition, Department of Nutrition, University of California Davis, One Shields Avenue, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 80:705-14. 2004
    ..Recent evidence suggests that the vitamin A equivalency of beta-carotene from plant sources is lower than previously estimated...
  42. ncbi request reprint Exclusive breast-feeding for 6 months, with iron supplementation, maintains adequate micronutrient status among term, low-birthweight, breast-fed infants in Honduras
    Kathryn G Dewey
    Department of Nutrition and Program in International Nutrition, University of California, Davis, USA
    J Nutr 134:1091-8. 2004
    ..Given that infants given iron supplements did not benefit from complementary foods at 4-6 mo, we conclude that exclusive breast-feeding for 6 mo (with iron supplementation) can be recommended for term, LBW infants...
  43. doi request reprint The current high prevalence of dietary zinc inadequacy among children and women in rural Bangladesh could be substantially ameliorated by zinc biofortification of rice
    Joanne E Arsenault
    Department of Nutrition, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    J Nutr 140:1683-90. 2010
    ..Rural Bangladeshi children and women have inadequate intakes of zinc. Zinc biofortification of rice has the potential to markedly improve the zinc adequacy of their diets...
  44. ncbi request reprint Body composition changes during lactation in HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected South African women
    Peggy C Papathakis
    Africa Center for Health and Population Studies KwaZulu Natal Province, South Africa
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 43:467-74. 2006
    ..The nutritional consequences of HIV infection in lactating women are unknown...
  45. ncbi request reprint Comparison of isotope dilution with bioimpedance spectroscopy and anthropometry for assessment of body composition in asymptomatic HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected breastfeeding mothers
    Peggy C Papathakis
    Africa Centre for Health and Population Studies, Somekele, South Africa
    Am J Clin Nutr 82:538-46. 2005
    ..The effect of breastfeeding on the nutrition of HIV-infected (HIV+) mothers is unknown. Simple, valid methods are needed for body-composition assessment of HIV+ women...
  46. ncbi request reprint Effect of a micronutrient fortificant mixture and 2 amounts of calcium on iron and zinc absorption from a processed food supplement
    Concepcion Mendoza
    Program in International Nutrition, Department of Nutrition, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 79:244-50. 2004
    ..Iron, zinc, and calcium can interact with each other in a way that inhibits their respective absorption. On the other hand, mineral fortification has been used to improve simultaneous iron and zinc absorption from food supplements...
  47. ncbi request reprint Population-based plasma kinetics of an oral dose of [2H4]retinyl acetate among preschool-aged, Peruvian children
    Marjorie J Haskell
    Program in International Nutrition, Department of Nutrition, University of California, Davis, 95616, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 77:681-6. 2003
    ..The deuterated-retinol-dilution technique provides a quantitative estimate of total-body vitamin A (TBVA) stores in adults. To apply the technique to children, information on plasma retinol kinetics in this age group is needed...
  48. ncbi request reprint Absorption of zinc from wheat products fortified with iron and either zinc sulfate or zinc oxide
    Daniel Lopez de Romaña
    Program in International Nutrition, Department of Nutrition, University of California, Davis, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 78:279-83. 2003
    ..Several chemical forms of zinc have been proposed for food fortification, but information is needed on their absorption from common cereals having varied phytate content...
  49. ncbi request reprint Behavior-change trials to assess the feasibility of improving complementary feeding practices and micronutrient intake of infants in rural Bangladesh
    Joel E Kimmons
    International Nutrition, Department of Nutrition, University of California, Davis, California, USA
    Food Nutr Bull 25:228-38. 2004
    ..Moreover, the effect of increased feeding of complementary foods on intakes of breastmilk and total daily consumption of energy and nutrients requires further study...
  50. ncbi request reprint Recovery from impaired dark adaptation in nightblind pregnant Nepali women who receive small daily doses of vitamin A as amaranth leaves, carrots, goat liver, vitamin A-fortified rice, or retinyl palmitate
    Marjorie J Haskell
    Program in International Nutrition, Department of Nutrition, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 81:461-71. 2005
    ..It is not known whether daily consumption of vitamin A-containing foods is efficacious for treating nightblindness...
  51. ncbi request reprint Infant weight-for-length is positively associated with subsequent linear growth across four different populations
    Kathryn G Dewey
    Department of Nutrition, University of California, One Shields Ave, Davis, 95616 8669, USA
    Matern Child Nutr 1:11-20. 2005
    ..The consistency of this relationship across studies supports the hypothesis that linear growth is partly regulated by initial body mass or fatness in infants...
  52. doi request reprint The paired deuterated retinol dilution technique can be used to estimate the daily vitamin A intake required to maintain a targeted whole body vitamin A pool size in men
    Marjorie J Haskell
    Program in International and Community Nutrition, Department of Nutrition, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    J Nutr 141:428-32. 2011
    ..The data suggest that the paired-deuterated retinol dilution technique could be used for estimating the EAR for VA for population subgroups for which there are currently no direct estimates...
  53. ncbi request reprint Nutrition knowledge and practices, and consumption of vitamin A--rich plants by rural Nepali participants and nonparticipants in a kitchen-garden program
    Katharine M Jones
    Program in International Nutrition, Department of Nutrition, University of California, Davis, California 95616, USA
    Food Nutr Bull 26:198-208. 2005
    ....
  54. pmc Dietary intake of polyunsaturated fatty acids among breast-feeding and non-breast-feeding 24- to 48-month-old children in Bangladesh
    Elizabeth A Yakes
    Graduate Group in Epidemiology
    J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 52:351-9. 2011
    ..The aim of the study was to assess the adequacy of polyunsaturated fatty acid intake by rural Bangladeshi children 24 to 48 months old in relation to their breast-feeding status...
  55. ncbi request reprint Use of national food balance data to estimate the adequacy of zinc in national food supplies: methodology and regional estimates
    Sara E Wuehler
    Department of Nutrition and Program in International Nutrition, University of California Davis, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    Public Health Nutr 8:812-9. 2005
    ....
  56. ncbi request reprint Zinc supplementation does not affect growth, morbidity, or motor development of US term breastfed infants at 4-10 mo of age
    M Jane Heinig
    Department of Nutrition, University of California, Davis, Davis, CA 95616 8669, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 84:594-601. 2006
    ..It has been documented that growth patterns differ between breastfed and formula-fed infants. Some investigators have suggested that these differences may be related to differences in zinc nutriture...
  57. ncbi request reprint Effects of exclusive breastfeeding for four versus six months on maternal nutritional status and infant motor development: results of two randomized trials in Honduras
    K G Dewey
    Department of Nutrition and Program in International Nutrition, University of California, Davis, California 95616 8669, USA
    J Nutr 131:262-7. 2001
    ..Taken together with our previous findings, these results indicate that the advantages of exclusive breastfeeding during this interval appear to outweigh any potential disadvantages in this setting...
  58. ncbi request reprint Recent advances in knowledge of zinc nutrition and human health
    Sonja Y Hess
    Department of Nutrition, University of California, Davis, California 95616, USA
    Food Nutr Bull 30:S5-11. 2009
    ..The following papers will then review the intervention strategies individually...
  59. ncbi request reprint Effects of energy density and feeding frequency of complementary foods on total daily energy intakes and consumption of breast milk by healthy breastfed Bangladeshi children
    M Munirul Islam
    Program in International and Community Nutrition, University of California, Davis, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 88:84-94. 2008
    ..Information is needed on the minimum energy density and feeding frequency of complementary foods that can provide adequate energy intakes (EIs) for healthy breastfed children...
  60. ncbi request reprint Low nutrient intakes among infants in rural Bangladesh are attributable to low intake and micronutrient density of complementary foods
    Joel E Kimmons
    Program in International Nutrition, Department of Nutrition, University of California, Davis, CA, USA
    J Nutr 135:444-51. 2005
    ....
  61. pmc Accelerator mass spectrometry can be used to assess vitamin A metabolism quantitatively in boys in a community setting
    Emmanuel K Aklamati
    Department of Nutrition, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    J Nutr 140:1588-94. 2010
    ..83; P = 0.011). The HD-VA supplement and SI-labeled VA were adequately absorbed, retained, and utilized in apparently healthy Zambian preschool-age boys; absorption and retention may be affected by recent fever...
  62. doi request reprint Prevalence and predictors of iron deficiency in fully breastfed infants at 6 mo of age: comparison of data from 6 studies
    Zhenyu Yang
    Program in International and Community Nutrition, Department of Nutrition, University of California, Davis, CA, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 89:1433-40. 2009
    ..Iron deficiency (ID) can occur among exclusively breastfed infants before 6 mo of age...
  63. ncbi request reprint Maternal vitamin A nutriture and the vitamin A content of human milk
    M J Haskell
    Department of Nutrition, University of California Davis, 95616, USA
    J Mammary Gland Biol Neoplasia 4:243-57. 1999
    ..Further research is needed to understand factors affecting the transfer of vitamin A to milk, and to evaluate various strategies for improving the vitamin A status of mothers and infants...
  64. ncbi request reprint Use of the deuterated-retinol-dilution technique to assess total-body vitamin A stores of adult volunteers consuming different amounts of vitamin A
    M J Haskell
    Program in International Nutrition, Department of Nutrition, University of California, Davis, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 70:874-80. 1999
    ..However, it is not known whether the technique can detect changes in vitamin A pool size in response to different intakes of vitamin A...
  65. ncbi request reprint Identifying populations at risk of zinc deficiency: the use of supplementation trials
    C Hotz
    Program in International Nutrition, University of California, Davis 95616, USA
    Nutr Rev 59:80-4. 2001
    ..A recent trial in Ethiopia demonstrated a high risk of zinc deficiency among young children, particularly among those who were stunted...
  66. ncbi request reprint Plasma zinc concentration responds rapidly to the initiation and discontinuation of short-term zinc supplementation in healthy men
    K Ryan Wessells
    Department of Nutrition, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    J Nutr 140:2128-33. 2010
    ..To ensure accurate interpretation of the results, samples should be collected while the intervention is still in progress...
  67. ncbi request reprint Comparison of plasma ferritin concentration with the ratio of plasma transferrin receptor to ferritin in estimating body iron stores: results of 4 intervention trials
    Zhenyu Yang
    Program in International and Community Nutrition, Department of Nutrition, University of California, Davis, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 87:1892-8. 2008
    ..Efforts to develop global programs for the control of iron deficiency require simple, low-cost, and accurate indicators of iron status...
  68. ncbi request reprint Comparison of breast milk vitamin A concentration measured in fresh milk by a rapid field assay (the iCheck FLUORO) with standard measurement of stored milk by HPLC
    R Engle-Stone
    Program in International and Community Nutrition, Department of Nutrition, University of California, Davis, Davis, CA, USA
    Eur J Clin Nutr 68:938-40. 2014
    ..The iCheck FLUORO could be useful for monitoring fortification programs, but before-after surveys to assess change in BMVA concentrations should use one method consistently. ..
  69. pmc Prenatal exposure to wood fuel smoke and low birth weight
    AMNA R SIDDIQUI
    Department of Public Health Sciences, University of California, Davis, California, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 116:543-9. 2008
    ..Maternal exposure to wood fuel smoke may lead to impaired fetal growth due to hypoxia and or oxidative stress from smoke constituents such as carbon monoxide and particulate matter...
  70. ncbi request reprint Erythrocyte riboflavin for the detection of riboflavin deficiency in pregnant Nepali women
    Joanne M Graham
    United States Department of Agriculture Western Human Nutrition Research Center, University of California, Davis, 95616, USA
    Clin Chem 51:2162-5. 2005
  71. ncbi request reprint The case for strategic international alliances to harness nutritional genomics for public and personal health
    Jim Kaput
    Center of Excellence in Nutritional Genomics, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    Br J Nutr 94:623-32. 2005
    ....
  72. pmc Setting priorities in global child health research investments: assessment of principles and practice
    Igor Rudan
    Split University School of Medicine, Split, Croatia
    Croat Med J 48:595-604. 2007
    ..This prioritization requires a process that is transparent, systematic, and that would take into account many perspectives and build on advantages of previous approaches...
  73. ncbi request reprint Current dietary zinc intake has a greater effect on fractional zinc absorption than does longer term zinc consumption in healthy adult men
    Carolyn S Chung
    Children s Hospital of Oakland Research Institute, Oakland, CA, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 87:1224-9. 2008
    ..No studies have examined the independent effects of current and longer-term dietary zinc intakes on zinc absorption...
  74. ncbi request reprint Zinc deficiency: issues for public health, assessment, and prevention
    Juan Rivera
    Instituto Nacional de Salud Publica, Cuernavaca, Morelos, Mexico
    Forum Nutr 56:59-61. 2003
  75. ncbi request reprint Micronutrient status during lactation in HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected South African women during the first 6 mo after delivery
    Peggy C Papathakis
    Africa Centre for Health and Population Studies, Somekele, South Africa
    Am J Clin Nutr 85:182-92. 2007
    ..Little information on the micronutrient status of HIV-infected (HIV-positive) breastfeeding women is available...
  76. ncbi request reprint Randomized controlled trial of the effect of daily supplementation with zinc or multiple micronutrients on the morbidity, growth, and micronutrient status of young Peruvian children
    Mary E Penny
    Instituto de Investigacion Nutricional, Lima, Peru
    Am J Clin Nutr 79:457-65. 2004
    ..Zinc supplements reduce childhood morbidity in populations in whom zinc deficiency is common. In such populations, deficiencies in other micronutrients may also occur...
  77. ncbi request reprint Moving forward with complementary feeding: indicators and research priorities. International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) discussion paper 146 (April 2003)
    Marie T Ruel
    Food Nutr Bull 24:289-90. 2003
  78. doi request reprint Indicators of zinc status at the population level: a review of the evidence
    Rosalind S Gibson
    Department of Hunan Nutrition, University of Otago, Union Street, PO Box 56, Dunedin 9015, New Zealand
    Br J Nutr 99:S14-23. 2008
    ..More research is needed to establish the validity, specificity, sensitivity, and feasibility of these new biomarkers, especially in community-settings...
  79. ncbi request reprint Suggested lower cutoffs of serum zinc concentrations for assessing zinc status: reanalysis of the second National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data (1976-1980)
    Christine Hotz
    Centro de Investigación en Nutrición y Salud, Instituto Nacional de Salud Publica, Cuernavaca, Mexico
    Am J Clin Nutr 78:756-64. 2003
    ....
  80. ncbi request reprint Assessment of the trace element status of individuals and populations: the example of zinc and copper
    Christine Hotz
    Centro de Investigación en Nutrición y Salud, Instituto Nacional de Salud Publica, Cuernavaca, Morelos, Mexico
    J Nutr 133:1563S-8S. 2003
    ..Because relatively little information is available on zinc toxicity, the discussion concerning the definition of excess intake of trace elements focused primarily on recent work concerning risk assessment of copper toxicity...