Charles Branas

Summary

Affiliation: University of Pennsylvania
Country: USA

Publications

  1. doi request reprint Simulating changes to emergency care resources to compare system effectiveness
    Charles C Branas
    Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, 423 Guardian Drive, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    J Clin Epidemiol 66:S57-64. 2013
  2. pmc Homicide and geographic access to gun dealers in the United States
    Douglas J Wiebe
    Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia PA, USA
    BMC Public Health 9:199. 2009
  3. pmc "Sleep disparity" in the population: poor sleep quality is strongly associated with poverty and ethnicity
    Nirav P Patel
    Center for Sleep and Respiratory Neurobiology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    BMC Public Health 10:475. 2010
  4. pmc Alcohol consumption, alcohol outlets, and the risk of being assaulted with a gun
    Charles C Branas
    Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Firearm and Injury Center at Penn, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, 423 Guardian Drive, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6021, USA
    Alcohol Clin Exp Res 33:906-15. 2009
  5. pmc Investigating the link between gun possession and gun assault
    Charles C Branas
    Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Room 936 Blockley Hall, 423 Guardian Dr, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6021, USA
    Am J Public Health 99:2034-40. 2009
  6. doi request reprint Acute alcohol consumption, alcohol outlets, and gun suicide
    Charles C Branas
    Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, 423 Guardian Drive, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6021, USA
    Subst Use Misuse 46:1592-603. 2011
  7. pmc A difference-in-differences analysis of health, safety, and greening vacant urban space
    Charles C Branas
    Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Perelman School of Medicine, Universityof Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 174:1296-306. 2011
  8. doi request reprint Variation in pediatric and adolescent firearm mortality rates in rural and urban US counties
    Michael L Nance
    Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Department of Surgery, 34th Street and Civic Center Boulevard, Philadelphia, PA 19104 4227, USA
    Pediatrics 125:1112-8. 2010
  9. pmc A review of legislation restricting the intersection of firearms and alcohol in the U.S
    Brendan G Carr
    Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Public Health Rep 125:674-9. 2010
  10. doi request reprint Does the trauma system protect against the weekend effect?
    Brendan G Carr
    Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
    J Trauma 69:1042-7; discussion 1047-8. 2010

Detail Information

Publications32

  1. doi request reprint Simulating changes to emergency care resources to compare system effectiveness
    Charles C Branas
    Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, 423 Guardian Drive, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    J Clin Epidemiol 66:S57-64. 2013
    ..To apply systems optimization methods to simulate and compare the most effective locations for emergency care resources as measured by access to care...
  2. pmc Homicide and geographic access to gun dealers in the United States
    Douglas J Wiebe
    Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia PA, USA
    BMC Public Health 9:199. 2009
    ..Whether FFLs contribute to gun-related homicide in areas where they are located, in which case FFLs may be a homicide risk factor that can be modified, is not known...
  3. pmc "Sleep disparity" in the population: poor sleep quality is strongly associated with poverty and ethnicity
    Nirav P Patel
    Center for Sleep and Respiratory Neurobiology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    BMC Public Health 10:475. 2010
    ..Little is known about the social determinants of sleep attainment. This study examines the relationship of race/ethnicity, socio-economic status (SES) and other factors upon sleep quality...
  4. pmc Alcohol consumption, alcohol outlets, and the risk of being assaulted with a gun
    Charles C Branas
    Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Firearm and Injury Center at Penn, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, 423 Guardian Drive, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6021, USA
    Alcohol Clin Exp Res 33:906-15. 2009
    ..We conducted a population-based case-control study to better delineate the relationship between individual alcohol consumption, alcohol outlets in the surrounding environment, and being assaulted with a gun...
  5. pmc Investigating the link between gun possession and gun assault
    Charles C Branas
    Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Room 936 Blockley Hall, 423 Guardian Dr, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6021, USA
    Am J Public Health 99:2034-40. 2009
    ..We investigated the possible relationship between being shot in an assault and possession of a gun at the time...
  6. doi request reprint Acute alcohol consumption, alcohol outlets, and gun suicide
    Charles C Branas
    Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, 423 Guardian Drive, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6021, USA
    Subst Use Misuse 46:1592-603. 2011
    ..This corroborates prior work but also uncovers new information about the relationships between acute alcohol consumption, alcohol outlets, and gun suicide. Study limitations and implications are discussed...
  7. pmc A difference-in-differences analysis of health, safety, and greening vacant urban space
    Charles C Branas
    Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Perelman School of Medicine, Universityof Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 174:1296-306. 2011
    ..01). Once greened, vacant lots may reduce certain crimes and promote some aspects of health. Limitations of the current study are discussed. Community-based trials are warranted to further test these findings...
  8. doi request reprint Variation in pediatric and adolescent firearm mortality rates in rural and urban US counties
    Michael L Nance
    Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Department of Surgery, 34th Street and Civic Center Boulevard, Philadelphia, PA 19104 4227, USA
    Pediatrics 125:1112-8. 2010
    ..We examined whether firearm mortality rates among children varied across US counties along a rural-urban continuum...
  9. pmc A review of legislation restricting the intersection of firearms and alcohol in the U.S
    Brendan G Carr
    Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Public Health Rep 125:674-9. 2010
    ..In the United States, injury is a leading cause of alcohol-related death, and alcohol use is the leading risk factor for injury. We reviewed state and federal legislation regulating the intersection of alcohol and firearms...
  10. doi request reprint Does the trauma system protect against the weekend effect?
    Brendan G Carr
    Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
    J Trauma 69:1042-7; discussion 1047-8. 2010
    ..We sought to determine whether the "weekend effect" exists for injured patients at our trauma center...
  11. pmc Access to emergency care in the United States
    Brendan G Carr
    Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    Ann Emerg Med 54:261-9. 2009
    ..Rapid access to emergency services is essential for emergency care-sensitive conditions such as acute myocardial infarction, stroke, sepsis, and major trauma. We seek to determine US population access to an emergency department (ED)...
  12. doi request reprint A national analysis of the relationship between hospital factors and post-cardiac arrest mortality
    Brendan G Carr
    The Robert Wood Johnson Clinical Scholars Program, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6021, USA
    Intensive Care Med 35:505-11. 2009
    ..We sought to generate national estimates for post-cardiac arrest mortality, to assess trends, and to identify hospital factors associated with survival...
  13. doi request reprint Regionalization of medical critical care: what can we learn from the trauma experience?
    Jeremy M Kahn
    Division of Pulmonary, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    Crit Care Med 36:3085-8. 2008
    ..To review the rationale for the regionalization of adult critical care and discuss how lessons from the trauma experience may be relevant to this debate...
  14. doi request reprint The time cost of prehospital intubation and intravenous access in trauma patients
    Brendan G Carr
    Robert Wood Johnson Clinical Scholars Program, Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, and the Center for Outcomes Research at the Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, PA 19104 6021, USA
    Prehosp Emerg Care 12:327-32. 2008
    ..We sought to estimate the contribution of procedures to on-scene duration focusing on intubation and establishment of intravenous (IV) access...
  15. doi request reprint Medicaid-based child restraint system disbursement and education and the vaccines for children program: comparative cost-effectiveness
    Jesse A Goldstein
    School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Ambul Pediatr 8:58-65. 2008
    ....
  16. doi request reprint Outcomes related to the number and anatomic placement of gunshot wounds
    Brendan G Carr
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Robert Wood Johnson Clinical Scholars Program, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
    J Trauma 64:197-202; discussion 202-3. 2008
    ..Firearm wounding patterns have changed, and patients more commonly present with multiple gunshot wounds (GSWs). We hypothesized that multiple GSW are associated with increased mortality risk and increased hospital length of stay (LOS)...
  17. pmc Reducing firearm violence: a research agenda
    Janet Weiner
    Leonard Davis Institute of Health Economics, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6218, USA
    Inj Prev 13:80-4. 2007
    ..This article summarizes the Collaborative's conclusions and identifies priorities for research and funding...
  18. ncbi request reprint A meta-analysis of prehospital care times for trauma
    Brendan G Carr
    Department of Surgery, The Trauma Center at Penn, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia 19104, USA
    Prehosp Emerg Care 10:198-206. 2006
    ..We sought to determine national averages for prehospital times based on a systematic review of published literature...
  19. ncbi request reprint Access to trauma centers in the United States
    Charles C Branas
    Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Leonard Davis Institute of Health Economics, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia 19104 6021, USA
    JAMA 293:2626-33. 2005
    ..Previous studies have reported that the number and distribution of trauma centers are uneven across states, suggesting large differences in access to trauma center care...
  20. pmc Urban-rural shifts in intentional firearm death: different causes, same results
    Charles C Branas
    Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, University of Pennsylvania, 829 Blockley Hall, 423 Guardian Drive, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6021, USA
    Am J Public Health 94:1750-5. 2004
    ..We analyzed urban-rural differences in intentional firearm death...
  21. pmc Firearm homicide and firearm suicide: opposite but equal
    Charles C Branas
    Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Firearm Injury Center at Penn, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    Public Health Rep 119:114-24. 2004
    ..The purpose of the present study was to compare the occurrence of firearm homicide and firearm suicide using routine activity theory as a framework for analysis...
  22. ncbi request reprint The case for enhanced data collection of gun type
    Therese S Richmond
    Division of Biobehavioral and Health Sciences, School of Nursing, School of Medicine, and Firearm and Injury Center at Penn, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
    J Trauma 57:1356-60. 2004
    ....
  23. pmc Hospital-reported pneumococcal susceptibility to penicillin
    Joshua P Metlay
    VA Medical Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 10:54-9. 2004
    ..8). In addition, correlations were not significant in reported pneumococcal susceptibility to penicillin within individual hospitals during the 3 years...
  24. ncbi request reprint Effective trauma center partnerships to address firearm injury: a new paradigm
    Therese S Richmond
    Firearm and Injury Center at Penn, School of Nursing, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
    J Trauma 56:1197-205. 2004
    ..Firearm violence is the second leading cause of injury-related death. This study examined the use of local trauma centers as lead organizations in their communities to address firearm injury...
  25. ncbi request reprint Trauma center-community partnerships to address firearm injury: it can be done
    Therese S Richmond
    School of Nursing, Firearm and Injury Center at Penn, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    LDI Issue Brief 10:1-4. 2004
    ..This Issue Brief describes the development and implementation of these partnerships, and highlights one community's ongoing activities to reduce firearm injury...
  26. doi request reprint Access to pediatric trauma care in the United States
    Michael L Nance
    Department of Surgery, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, 34th and Civic Center Boulevard, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 163:512-8. 2009
    ..To catalog trauma center resources and estimate access to age-specific trauma care for children younger than 15 years in the United States...
  27. doi request reprint ACCESS: acute cerebrovascular care in emergency stroke systems
    Karen C Albright
    University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Arch Neurol 67:1210-8. 2010
    ....
  28. ncbi request reprint Nonintracranial fatal firearm injuries in children: implications for treatment
    Michael L Nance
    Department of Surgery, Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA
    J Trauma 55:631-5. 2003
    ..Understanding the injury characteristics of nonintracranial fatal (NIF) gunshot wounds in children treated in a statewide trauma system will help guide effective treatment strategies...
  29. ncbi request reprint Survival among elderly patients after fractures of the distal radius
    Tamara D Rozental
    Division of Hand Surgery, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, USA
    J Hand Surg Am 27:948-52. 2002
    ..Survival rates after distal radius fractures were notably lower than those expected for individuals of the same age and gender in standard populations. Men were twice as likely to die as women and did so almost twice as quickly...
  30. ncbi request reprint The impact of trauma activations on the care of emergency department patients with potential acute coronary syndromes
    Peter E Fishman
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104 4283, USA
    Ann Emerg Med 48:347-53. 2006
    ..We seek to determine whether the presence of a concurrent trauma activation negatively affects processes of care and outcomes for patients with potential acute coronary syndromes...
  31. doi request reprint Translating community-specified indicators of program success into measurable outcomes
    Alice J Hausman
    Department of Public Health, Temple University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19122, USA
    J Public Health Manag Pract 15:E22-30. 2009
    ..The purpose of this study was to outline a process whereby community-identified indicators of successful violence prevention were translated into measurable variables...
  32. ncbi request reprint Optimal driving conditions are the most common injury conditions for child pedestrians
    Michael L Nance
    Department of Surgery, Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Pediatr Emerg Care 20:569-73. 2004
    ..The objective of the current study was to examine the role of driving conditions on the occurrence of motor vehicle crashes involving child pedestrians...

Research Grants15

  1. OPTIMIZING TRAUMA SYSTEMS PLANNING USING INTERACTIVE WEB-BASED MAPPING
    Charles C Branas; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This study has the capacity to inform national trauma care planning, advance dissemination science, and demonstrate the use of a novel public health planning tool. ..
  2. Alcohol and injury in adolescents, their families and their neighborhoods
    Charles Branas; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..other's risks of fatal adolescent injury?; (3) When considered together, do individual, family, and neighborhood exposures to alcohol have a synergistic (interaction) effect on each other's risks of fatal adolescent injury? ..
  3. Alcohol and injury in adolescents, their families and their neighborhoods
    Charles C Branas; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..other's risks of fatal adolescent injury?;(3) When considered together, do individual, family, and neighborhood exposures to alcohol have a synergistic (interaction) effect on each other's risks of fatal adolescent injury? ..
  4. Alcohol and injury in adolescents, their families and their neighborhoods
    Charles Branas; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..other's risks of fatal adolescent injury?; (3) When considered together, do individual, family, and neighborhood exposures to alcohol have a synergistic (interaction) effect on each other's risks of fatal adolescent injury? ..
  5. Case Control Study of Alcohol Outlets & Firearm Violence
    Charles Branas; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..In this way, health policies to change the numbers and locations of alcohol outlets can become more certain, more effective, and more politically admissible. ..
  6. APPLIED REGIONALIZATION OF EMERGENCY CARE
    Charles Branas; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  7. Optimization modeling and comparative effectiveness of regionalized stroke care
    Charles C Branas; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Data will be presented at the level of the state in statistical and visual format. This study has the capacity to inform the further development of the US stroke system and to thereby improve stroke related morbidity and mortality. ..