Michael Brainard

Summary

Affiliation: University of California
Country: USA

Publications

  1. doi request reprint Translating birdsong: songbirds as a model for basic and applied medical research
    Michael S Brainard
    Center for Integrative Neuroscience and Departments of Physiology and Psychiatry, University of California San Francisco, CA 94143 0444, USA
    Annu Rev Neurosci 36:489-517. 2013
  2. ncbi request reprint Interruption of a basal ganglia-forebrain circuit prevents plasticity of learned vocalizations
    M S Brainard
    Keck Center for Integrative Neuroscience, Department of Physiology, University of California San Francisco, 94143 0444, USA
    Nature 404:762-6. 2000
  3. ncbi request reprint Contributions of the anterior forebrain pathway to vocal plasticity
    Michael S Brainard
    Department of Physiology, Keck Center for Integrative Neuroscience, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94143 0444, USA
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1016:377-94. 2004
  4. ncbi request reprint What songbirds teach us about learning
    Michael S Brainard
    W M Keck Center for Integrative Neuroscience, University of California, San Francisco 94143, USA
    Nature 417:351-8. 2002
  5. ncbi request reprint Postlearning consolidation of birdsong: stabilizing effects of age and anterior forebrain lesions
    M S Brainard
    Keck Center for Integrative Neuroscience, Department of Physiology, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California 94143 0444, USA
    J Neurosci 21:2501-17. 2001
  6. ncbi request reprint Auditory feedback in learning and maintenance of vocal behaviour
    M S Brainard
    Keck Center for Integrative Neuroscience, Departments of Physiology and Psychiatry, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California 94143 0444, USA
    Nat Rev Neurosci 1:31-40. 2000
  7. ncbi request reprint Lesions of an avian basal ganglia circuit prevent context-dependent changes to song variability
    Mimi H Kao
    Keck Center for Integrative Neuroscience, Department of Physiology and Psychiatry, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143 0444, USA
    J Neurophysiol 96:1441-55. 2006
  8. ncbi request reprint Real-time contributions of auditory feedback to avian vocal motor control
    Jon T Sakata
    Keck Center for Integrative Neuroscience, Department of Physiology, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California 94143 0444, USA
    J Neurosci 26:9619-28. 2006
  9. pmc Social context rapidly modulates the influence of auditory feedback on avian vocal motor control
    Jon T Sakata
    Department of Physiology, Keck Center for Integrative Neuroscience, University of California, San Francisco, California 94143 0444, USA
    J Neurophysiol 102:2485-97. 2009
  10. pmc Adult birdsong is actively maintained by error correction
    Samuel J Sober
    W M Keck Center for Integrative Neuroscience, Department of Physiology, San Francisco, California, USA
    Nat Neurosci 12:927-31. 2009

Research Grants

  1. Behavioral and Neural Analysis of vocal Plasticity
    Michael Brainard; Fiscal Year: 2007
  2. Behavioral and Neural Analysis of vocal Plasticity
    Michael S Brainard; Fiscal Year: 2010

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications17

  1. doi request reprint Translating birdsong: songbirds as a model for basic and applied medical research
    Michael S Brainard
    Center for Integrative Neuroscience and Departments of Physiology and Psychiatry, University of California San Francisco, CA 94143 0444, USA
    Annu Rev Neurosci 36:489-517. 2013
    ....
  2. ncbi request reprint Interruption of a basal ganglia-forebrain circuit prevents plasticity of learned vocalizations
    M S Brainard
    Keck Center for Integrative Neuroscience, Department of Physiology, University of California San Francisco, 94143 0444, USA
    Nature 404:762-6. 2000
    ....
  3. ncbi request reprint Contributions of the anterior forebrain pathway to vocal plasticity
    Michael S Brainard
    Department of Physiology, Keck Center for Integrative Neuroscience, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94143 0444, USA
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1016:377-94. 2004
    ..This chapter reviews some of the experimental evidence supporting a role for the AFP in these processes and discusses potential instructive and permissive functions of the AFP in vocal plasticity...
  4. ncbi request reprint What songbirds teach us about learning
    Michael S Brainard
    W M Keck Center for Integrative Neuroscience, University of California, San Francisco 94143, USA
    Nature 417:351-8. 2002
    ....
  5. ncbi request reprint Postlearning consolidation of birdsong: stabilizing effects of age and anterior forebrain lesions
    M S Brainard
    Keck Center for Integrative Neuroscience, Department of Physiology, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California 94143 0444, USA
    J Neurosci 21:2501-17. 2001
    ....
  6. ncbi request reprint Auditory feedback in learning and maintenance of vocal behaviour
    M S Brainard
    Keck Center for Integrative Neuroscience, Departments of Physiology and Psychiatry, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California 94143 0444, USA
    Nat Rev Neurosci 1:31-40. 2000
    ....
  7. ncbi request reprint Lesions of an avian basal ganglia circuit prevent context-dependent changes to song variability
    Mimi H Kao
    Keck Center for Integrative Neuroscience, Department of Physiology and Psychiatry, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143 0444, USA
    J Neurophysiol 96:1441-55. 2006
    ..Our findings suggest that a key function of avian basal ganglia circuitry is to regulate vocal performance and plasticity by specifically modulating moment-by-moment variability in the structure of individual song elements...
  8. ncbi request reprint Real-time contributions of auditory feedback to avian vocal motor control
    Jon T Sakata
    Keck Center for Integrative Neuroscience, Department of Physiology, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California 94143 0444, USA
    J Neurosci 26:9619-28. 2006
    ..Moreover, they demonstrate that song premotor circuitry is sensitive to auditory feedback during singing and suggest that feedback may contribute in real time to the control and calibration of song...
  9. pmc Social context rapidly modulates the influence of auditory feedback on avian vocal motor control
    Jon T Sakata
    Department of Physiology, Keck Center for Integrative Neuroscience, University of California, San Francisco, California 94143 0444, USA
    J Neurophysiol 102:2485-97. 2009
    ..More generally, they indicate that, for song, as for other motor skills including human speech, the influence of sensory feedback on activity within vocal premotor circuitry can be dynamically modulated...
  10. pmc Adult birdsong is actively maintained by error correction
    Samuel J Sober
    W M Keck Center for Integrative Neuroscience, Department of Physiology, San Francisco, California, USA
    Nat Neurosci 12:927-31. 2009
    ..Our results indicate that adult birds correct vocal errors by comparing auditory feedback to a sensory target and suggest that lifelong error correction is a general principle of learned vocal behavior...
  11. pmc An avian basal ganglia-forebrain circuit contributes differentially to syllable versus sequence variability of adult Bengalese finch song
    Cara M Hampton
    Keck Center for Integrative Neuroscience, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143 0444, USA
    J Neurophysiol 101:3235-45. 2009
    ..These results show that LMAN contributes differentially to syllable versus sequence variability of adult song and suggest that these forms of variability are regulated by distinct neural pathways...
  12. pmc Online contributions of auditory feedback to neural activity in avian song control circuitry
    Jon T Sakata
    Keck Center for Integrative Neuroscience, Department of Physiology, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California 94143 0444, USA
    J Neurosci 28:11378-90. 2008
    ....
  13. pmc Central contributions to acoustic variation in birdsong
    Samuel J Sober
    Department of Physiology, W M Keck Center for Integrative Neuroscience, San Francisco, California 94143 0444, USA
    J Neurosci 28:10370-9. 2008
    ..Collectively, our results indicate that trial-by-trial variations in spectral structure are indeed under central neural control at the level of RA, consistent with the idea that such variation reflects motor exploration...
  14. doi request reprint Social modulation of sequence and syllable variability in adult birdsong
    Jon T Sakata
    Keck Center for Integrative Neuroscience, Department of Physiology, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143 0444, USA
    J Neurophysiol 99:1700-11. 2008
    ..These data indicate that the nervous system exerts active control over variability at multiple levels of song organization and support the hypothesis that such variability in otherwise stable adult song serves a function...
  15. ncbi request reprint Contributions of an avian basal ganglia-forebrain circuit to real-time modulation of song
    Mimi H Kao
    Keck Center for Integrative Neuroscience, Department of Physiology, University of California, San Francisco, California 94143 0444, USA
    Nature 433:638-43. 2005
    ..More generally, they suggest that frontal cortical and basal ganglia areas may contribute to motor learning by biasing motor output towards desired targets or by introducing stochastic variability required for reinforcement learning...
  16. ncbi request reprint Performance variability enables adaptive plasticity of 'crystallized' adult birdsong
    EVREN C TUMER
    Keck Center for Integrative Neuroscience, Sloan Swartz Center for Theoretical Neurobiology, Department of Physiology, University of California, San Francisco, California 94143 0444, USA
    Nature 450:1240-4. 2007
    ..More generally, our results suggest that residual variability in well learned skills is not entirely noise but rather reflects meaningful motor exploration that can support continuous learning and optimization of performance...
  17. pmc Linked control of syllable sequence and phonology in birdsong
    Melville J Wohlgemuth
    Department of Physiology, W M Keck Center for Integrative Neuroscience, San Francisco, California 94143 0444, USA
    J Neurosci 30:12936-49. 2010
    ..Together, these results suggest that, rather than being controlled independently, the sequence and phonology of birdsong are intimately related, as is the case for human speech...

Research Grants7

  1. Behavioral and Neural Analysis of vocal Plasticity
    Michael Brainard; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Such an understanding will provide basic insight into normal learning processes and contribute to our ability to prevent and correct disabilities that arise from dysfunction of these processes. ..
  2. Behavioral and Neural Analysis of vocal Plasticity
    Michael S Brainard; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....